Slide Rest Patents (Class 82/137)
  • Patent number: 10005130
    Abstract: A machine tool cuts a workpiece having an inclined or curved surface and includes a main spindle that holds and rotates the workpiece, a moving device that moves a cutting tool relative to the workpiece in a direction obtained by combining a Z direction parallel or substantially parallel with the axis of the main spindle, an X direction that is perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the Z direction and determines the amount of cutting of the workpiece, and a Y direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the Z direction and the X direction, and an angle setting mechanism that causes the direction of an edge of the cutting tool to match the inclined surface of the workpiece by inclining the direction of the edge with respect to the Z direction when seen from the Y direction in a state in which the direction of the edge is inclined with respect to the Z direction when seen from the X direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: MURATA MACHINERY, LTD.
    Inventor: Tadashi Ishihara
  • Patent number: 9671774
    Abstract: An ultrasonic micron precision molding apparatus includes: an ultrasonic generating module, a tool and an amplitude transformer. The ultrasonic generating module provides ultrasonic frequency vibration. The tool is disposed below the ultrasonic generating module, and has a micron-level precision structure. The amplitude transformer is disposed between the ultrasonic generating module and the tool and has a first section and a second section, the first section is disposed at the junction of the amplitude transformer and the tool, and the distance between the second section and the tool is longer than the distance between the first section and the tool, wherein the width of the first section is greater than the width of the second section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Inventor: Chen-Chia Chou
  • Patent number: 8875605
    Abstract: A spiral cutting device includes a blade, a blade driving shaft, a guiding device, a driving device, and a controller. The blade is for processing a roller. The blade driving shaft drives the blade to move toward the roller. The guiding device moves in a guiding direction perpendicular to a moving direction of the blade. The driving device is movably supported on the guiding device and rotates the roller. The controller controls a feeding amount of the blade, a moving speed of the driving device, and a rotate speed of the roller to spirally cut the roller. When an outer surface of the roller is unfolded to a plane, the blade path of the blade is in sinusoidal shape or in cosinusoidal shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsi-Chang Wu, Yung-Chang Tseng
  • Patent number: 8800414
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and related methods for facilitating the application of a cutting tool to a work-piece rotating on the axis of a lathe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: Peter B. Martin
  • Patent number: 8613129
    Abstract: A working machine includes a base, at least one z-axis track mounted on the base, a secondary z-axis track mounted on the base, at least one z-axis saddle mounted on the z-axis track, a secondary z-axis saddle mounted on the secondary z-axis track, at least one x-axis track mounted on the z-axis saddle, at least one x-axis slide mounted on the x-axis track, at least one upright support mounted on the x-axis slide, and at least one y-axis track mounted on the upright support. Thus, the y-axis track is disposed at a vertical state so that the y-axis track is operated exactly and stably to facilitate operation of the working machine and to enhance the working precision and stability of the working machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: King Rich Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kuo-Hao Li
  • Publication number: 20130125717
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and related methods for facilitating the application of a cutting tool to a work-piece rotating on the axis of a lathe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Inventor: Peter B. Martin
  • Patent number: 8336430
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and related methods for facilitating the application of a cutting tool to a work-piece rotating on the axis of a lathe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Inventor: Peter B. Martin
  • Patent number: 8272302
    Abstract: There is provided a precision roll turning lathe which can perform machining of fine grooves at a dramatically higher speed as compared to conventional roll turning lathes, thus significantly shortening time taken for machining one groove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Toshiba Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Takanobu Akiyama
  • Patent number: 8244396
    Abstract: The turning machine according to the present invention includes a displacement sensor (200) which measures a distance between an immobile reference point and a position of variable point which reflects the positional displacement of the tool, the immobile reference point being able to determine a relative positional correlation relating to a variable position of tools with the progress of machining of the workpiece (W) by the tool (421). In drawings the reference point is set up in the guide bush (90). And based on the measured result by the displacement sensor, the tool is moved so that the center height of the tool and the center line of the workpiece satisfy relatively the predetermined positional correlation. Accordingly, the center height deviation amount due to heat deformation and the like is corrected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Tsugami Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Terai, Takao Tatemi, Hidenori Sato, Hiroaki Kazama
  • Patent number: 7918149
    Abstract: A machine slide tool assembly and a drive mechanism that includes a slide plate slideably mounted on guide members connected between opposed end supports and which slide plate is reciprocally driven by a drive assembly. The drive assembly includes a piston and cylinder arrangement disposed between the opposed end supports wherein a piston is displaceable within the cylinder by fluid pressure alternatively acting on the opposed ends of the piston, and which piston includes a gear wheel rotatably journaled thereto which is disposed in meshing relationship with a gear rack connected to the slide plate whereby the reciprocating motion of the piston is transmitted to the slide plate for enhancing the linear displacement of the slide plate relative to the linear displacement of the piston within its cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Inventor: Millo Bertini
  • Publication number: 20100288090
    Abstract: A tool holding device is disposed between a headstock unit and a tailstock unit of a five-axis lathe, and includes a saddle driven to move longitudinally, a cross-slide riding on the saddle and driven to move transversely, a turntable platform disposed on a base mount that is disposed on the cross-slide and driven to revolve about an upright axis, and a tool post mounted on a base rest that is disposed on the turntable platform and driven to move uprightly. An indexable turret is disposed on the tool post for holding tool bits such that the five-axis lathe can perform movements about five axes to machine a workpiece so as to obtain a complicated geometric shape, thereby reducing setup time and errors and increasing production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2010
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Applicant: WEY YII CORP.
    Inventor: Kuo-Yuan Lee
  • Patent number: 7597033
    Abstract: A machine for machining optical workpieces, in particular plastic spectacle lenses, which has a workpiece spindle, which drives the workpiece in rotation about a workpiece rotation axis (B), and a fast tool arrangement, which moves a turning tool in a fast tool movement plane (X-F1), wherein the workpiece spindle and the fast tool arrangement can moreover be moved relative to one another in a plane (X-Y) which contains the workpiece rotation axis (B). The fast tool movement plane (X-F1) is positioned obliquely (work angle ?) with respect to the plane (X-Y) containing the workpiece rotation axis (B). As a result, a machine is provided in which the working point of the cutting edge of the turning tool can be aligned in a particularly simple and highly precise manner on the rotation axis (B) of the workpiece spindle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: Satisloh GmbH
    Inventors: Marc Savoie, Edward McPherson
  • Patent number: 7331099
    Abstract: In order to provide a machine tool with at least one movable slide, which has a plurality of holders for tools and/or workpieces, and which can be corrected in a simple manner, the at least one slide has a plurality of separate subslides and the relative position of the subslides in relation to one another is adjustable in a securable manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2008
    Assignee: Ex-Cell-O GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Horn, Harald Boehler, Walter Pompe, Friedrich Winckler
  • Patent number: 7240411
    Abstract: To provide a machine tool in which positioning accuracy of a ram is ensured, realizing improved machining accuracy. A cylindrical ram 14 supporting a spindle 6 is inserted in a ram guide hole 13a formed in a cross slide 13, the ram 14 has supported surfaces 14d, 14d in a V-shape formed on a lower side of an outer circumferential surface thereof, and the supported surfaces 14d are placed on supporting surfaces 22a, 22a in a V-shape formed on an inner circumferential surface of the ram guide hole 13a of the cross slide 13, so that a Z-axis direction position of the ram 14 is automatically aligned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: Mori Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takeshi Otawa
  • Patent number: 7240412
    Abstract: To provide a composite lathe enabling the overlapping of movement areas without lowering supporting stiffness of a tool post, and thus realizing enhanced machinability. An XY supporting plane A by which a tool post 5 in is supported to be movable in an X-axis direction is set non-parallel to an XZ supporting plane B by which a third spindle 6 is supported to be movable in the X-axis direction, and an axis of the movement in the X-axis direction of the tool post 5 is set apart in a Y-axis direction from an axis of the movement in the X-axis direction of the third spindle 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: Mori Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukinaga Sasazawa, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Tsutomu Tokuma
  • Patent number: 7237310
    Abstract: To provide a composite lathe enabling downsizing of a machine main body and realizing an enlarged machining area. A cutting point “c” of a tool post 5 is positioned vertically under a straight line connecting axes “a” of a first spindle headstock 3 and a second spindle headstock 4, and an X-axis stroke of a cutting point of a third spindle 6 overlaps an X-axis stroke of the tool post 5 by a half or more of the X-axis stroke of the tool post 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Mori Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukinaga Sasazawa, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Tsutomu Tokuma
  • Patent number: 7232406
    Abstract: To provide a tool changer of a machine tool capable of preventing chips from scattering to the outside of the machine from an opening of a cover to adhere to a sliding portion or a gripper portion during tool change. A tool magazine 42 holding a large number of tools is disposed on a machine outer side of a cover 62 disposed to surround a machining area of a third spindle 6. The cover 62 has a tool through hole 62c from which a tool held by a tool holding part 6c of the third spindle 6 is protruded to the machine outer side of the cover 62. Tool change is performed while the tool is protruded to the machine outer side from the tool through hole 62c and the tool through hole 62c is closed by the tool holding part 6c.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2007
    Assignee: Mori Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kei Komizo
  • Patent number: 7177720
    Abstract: A machine tool comprises a tool carrier moveable relative to a workpiece to be machined. A controller controls the relative movement of the tool carrier and the workpiece by means of a control program. If an unplanned event occurs during the operational movement of the machine, the relative movement of the tool and the workpiece is stopped, and a restart from a starting position is carried out later. The starting position is in this case approached along a trajectory, and the trajectory is determined automatically as a function of the machining operation in which the unplanned event occurred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: STAMA Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Grund, Rolf Kuppinger, Karl Frommer
  • Patent number: 7089838
    Abstract: A zero centerline toolholder assembly includes a cutting insert mounted to a toolholder. The center, RC, of the nose radius of the cutting insert is aligned with or lies on a centerline, LT, of the toolholder. The centerline, LT, of the toolholder may be also aligned with a rotational axis, CT2, of a tool spindle. The tool spindle is tilted at an angle with respect to an axis, P, that is substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis, LW, of a work piece. As a result of the zero centerline configuration, the radial component of the torque load on the toolholder is virtually eliminated. In addition, the toolholder assembly has a shorter tool length, thereby reducing deflection load on the toolholder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventor: Robert A. Erickson
  • Patent number: 7043805
    Abstract: An NC lathe 1 comprises a bed 5, a headstock 10 provided on the bed 5, a main spindle 11 supported on the headstock 10 so as to be rotatable around the axis thereof, a rotation drive device for rotating the main spindle 11, a stationary frame 15 formed in a rectangular frame shape and fixed to the upper face of the bed 5, a movable frame 16 formed in a rectangular frame shape and provided so as to be movable in the Z-axis direction with respect to the stationary frame 15, a saddle 17 provided so as to be movable in the X-axis direction with respect to the movable frame 16, a quill 18 accommodated inside the accommodation hole 17a in the saddle 17 and provided so as to be movable in the Y-axis direction, and a tool rest 20 supported on the quill 18.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Mori Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsutomu Tokuma, Masamitsu Nakaminami
  • Patent number: 7013773
    Abstract: A tool holder simultaneously carries at least two diametrically arranged tool heads, each tool head carrying cutting inserts for chip removing machining. The tool holder includes an adaptor connected to a coupling. The adaptor has at least two diametrically opposite side surfaces which-diverge away from the coupling. The side surfaces have seats in order to replaceably receive respective tool heads. A line which lies in both a first basal plane and in one of the side surfaces forms an angle in the interval 1°–15° with a longitudinal center line of the tool holder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventor: Per Hansson
  • Patent number: 6640849
    Abstract: A wood lathe includes an axial moving unit with a movable seat, which is sleeved movably on a driving rod and a guide rod that are parallel to each other. A driving gear is disposed rotatably on the movable seat, and engages a gear-engaging member of the driving rod. When an actuator member is rotated, the gear rotates synchronously therewith so as to move the movable seat on the driving rod. A sample bar and a bar blank are held on a bed of the lathe. A blade is carried on the movable seat for cutting the bar blank. A tracing unit is disposed on the movable seat so that a groove pattern on the sample bar is traced mechanically and is duplicated on the bar blank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2003
    Inventor: Juei-Seng Liao
  • Publication number: 20020026860
    Abstract: In a machine tool of the type comprising a spindle mounting slide which is driven by a linear electric motor and which runs in a vertical direction in a slideway, the slide comprises two runners designed to engage with corresponding fixed sliding guides integral with the slideway, and two roller pads that slide on corresponding longitudinal sliding surfaces which are also integral with the slideway.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2001
    Publication date: March 7, 2002
    Inventors: Maurizio Ferrari, Carlo Massari
  • Publication number: 20020014140
    Abstract: In the inventive arrangement of a cover strip (27) on a linear guide, the cover strip (27) is supported through its flat inner surface (32) on a flat support surface (28) of a guide rail (26), which flat support surface delimits a longitudinal groove (25) of the guide rail (26) in inward direction. Two recesses (31) made in the inner surface (32) of the cover strip (27) in the regions of the long sides of the cover strip (27), extend in longitudinal direction and lead to the formation of resilient retaining ledges (33) which serve to fix the cover strip (27) on the guide rail (26).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2001
    Publication date: February 7, 2002
    Inventors: Richard Koch, Johann Kremer
  • Patent number: 6298758
    Abstract: A lathe includes a polygon machining cutter unit and a turret unit, which are attached to a cutter carrying plate that can be driven to move on a machine body in longitudinal and transverse directions of a spindle. The spindle is connected mechanically to a cutter shaft of the cutter unit by means of a transmission, which includes a rigid driving shaft, a rigid driven shaft, and first and second gearings. The driving shaft and the driven shaft extend respectively on the machine body in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the spindle, and are interconnected by the first gearing. The second gearing interconnects the driven shaft and the cutter shaft for transferring rotation therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Inventor: Hsuan-Lung Wu
  • Patent number: 6279438
    Abstract: A device for machining a part by metal cutting comprising a massive block in a bore of which is located a sliding column guided in a front bearing and a rear bearing, at least the front bearing and the section of the column sliding therein being continuously convex in cross-section with three lobes distributed at 120° about a central axis. The front and rear bearings are hydrostatic journal bearings. The column supports a sliding block on which is mounted a slide in which is incorporated a turret head for dispensing cutting tools.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Inventor: Jean-Michel Delacou
  • Patent number: 6237453
    Abstract: A rigid tool slide support is disposed to be mounted in a screw machine in either of two different operating positions in each of which a tool slide reciprocates on the upper surface of the support to convey a cutting tool to and from the work that is to be machined. Projecting centrally from the bottom surface of the slide is an elongate, dovetail shaped guide which is slidably mounted in a similarly shaped but slightly wider recess in the support. Secured in the recess of the support adjacent one side thereof, and slidably engaged with a confronting side of the dovetail guide of the slide, is an elongate expansion gib having therein an adjusting screw that is rotatably adjustable to expand or contract the length of the gib, thereby to adjust the running clearance between the support and the slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: C.J. Winter Machine Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Snow, Sandro G. Belpanno
  • Patent number: 6173630
    Abstract: A working machine for machining a workpiece includes a base having a first track and a second track mounted therein and arranged in parallel with each other, at least one clamping device slidably mounted in the first track for clamping the workpiece, and at least one cutter device slidably mounted in the second track to mate with the at least one clamping device for machining the workpiece. In such a manner, the at least one cutter device is movable relative to the at least one clamping, device to machine the two ends of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Inventor: Hsuan Lung Wu
  • Patent number: 6082234
    Abstract: An adjustable toolholder apparatus includes a base plate having a planar supporting surface. A holder body includes a bottom planar supported surface which slideably engages and rests upon the supporting surface of the base plate. A linear position adjuster provides a linear sliding motion of the holder body upon the base plate. An angular position adjuster provides a rotational sliding motion of the holder body upon the base plate. The holder body has a wedge shaped recess within which is received a wedge shaped carrier block. A vertically adjustable column supports the wedge shaped carrier block from the base plate to adjust a height of the cutting tool. After linear and angular adjustment of the cutting tool relative to the base plate, the wedge shaped carrier block is clamped to the holder body, and the holder body and base plate are clamped to a cross slide to fix the cutting tool in its final desired position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Peterson Tool Company
    Inventors: John L. Peterson, Carl E. Herbert, Fred E. Chaffin, John D. Hargis, Mark G. Charleton
  • Patent number: 6062117
    Abstract: An apparatus for machining both inside and outside of a hollow workpiece (16) to impart thereto inner and outer curved surfaces that are contoured to be non-circular is disclosed. It includes workpiece supports (10, 11) that clamp the workpiece oriented substantially vertically from its opposite upper and lower sides to support it rotatably about its axis extending substantially vertically. A C-axis drive (18) acts on the workpiece supports to rotate the workpiece about that workpiece axis. The workpiece supports are driven by a Z-axis drive to move the workpiece in a direction of that workpiece axis. Also included are an exterior machining unit (24) having a cutting tool (26) arranged to be movable in a direction of X-axis that is orthogonal to the workpiece axis, and an interior machining unit (25) having a cutting tool (33) arranged to be movable in a direction of U-axis that is parallel to the X-axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Komatsu Machinery Corp.
    Inventor: Masahiro Shoji
  • Patent number: 5943928
    Abstract: A lathe carriage unit displaceably mounted on a bed for carrying and moving a tool post in a z-axis or x-axis direction comprises a saddle body having a guide slot extending along the length thereof and first and second bearing housings spaced apart from each other. A cross slider is slidably fitted to the guide slot of the saddle body for movement between an extended position and a retracted position. The cross slider can be caused to move by a drive mechanism into the extended or retracted position along the guide slot of the saddle body. The drive mechanism includes a ball screw rotatably supported at its opposite ends on the first and second bearing housings of the saddle body, a ball nut threadedly engaged with the ball screw and fixedly attached to the cross slider and a servo motor operatively connected to the ball screw for causing forward or reverse rotation of the ball screw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Daewoo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Tae Moon Oh
  • Patent number: 5868051
    Abstract: A method and apparatus has been developed for metal cutting machine using a cutting die tool that pivots as it cuts a metal workpiece. By pivoting the cutting tool, the orientation of the metal surface being cut in the workpiece may be varied along the cutting path. A particular application of the invention is for screw metal cutting machine, e.g., a Swiss-type screw lathe, that cuts screw threads in screw blank rods, such that the threads have a variable cant along the length of the screw. The cutting die tool is mounted in a tool holder that is pivoted by a computer controller in accordance with machining instructions for the screw or other device being machined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Pakos Group
    Inventor: Andrew E. Pakos
  • Patent number: 5546836
    Abstract: A lathe includes an auxiliary transverse table at an opposite side to a transverse table. The auxiliary transverse table includes an auxiliary tool carrying an abrasive on one end thereof positioned at the opposite side to a machining tool of the transverse table. A workpiece is machined in a high straightness degree since the auxiliary tool of the auxiliary transverse table supports the workpiece on the opposite side to the tool of the transverse table which performs machining the workpiece. In addition, the machining time period as well as the number of machining processes on the workpiece can be reduced since the abrasive on one end of the auxiliary tool gives final touches to the workpiece during machining.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Assignee: Daewoo Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Young S. Choi
  • Patent number: 5467675
    Abstract: A turning machine includes a controller for generating both aspherical and non-symmetrical shape components defining the predetermined shape, and a controller for controlling a spindle and a positionable cutting blade to thereby form a predetermined non-rotationally symmetric shape in a workpiece surface. The apparatus includes a rotatable spindle for rotatably mounting the workpiece about an axis, a spindle encoder for sensing an angular position of the rotating workpiece, the cutting blade, and radial and transverse positioners for relatively positioning the cutting blade and workpiece along respective radial and transverse directions. The controller cooperates with a fast transverse positioner for positioning the cutting blade in predetermined varying transverse positions during a revolution of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: North Carolina State University
    Inventors: Thomas A. Dow, Kenneth P. Garrard, George M. Moorefield, II, Lauren W. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5460066
    Abstract: An adjustable cutting tool holder assembly for positioning a cutting tool. The adjustable cutting tool holder has a base portion for mounting to a machine structure, a tool holder portion slidingly engaging the base portion, and an adjustment assembly constructed and arranged to adjustably unite the base portion and the tool holder portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Inventor: Jack W. Dennstedt
  • Patent number: 5349889
    Abstract: A slide (4) made up of a table (8) and a base (11) is actuated radially relative to a workpiece (M) to be machined via a stud (17) adjustable in a slot (16). The position of the stud can be regulated by means of a screw and a motor. A roller (24) borne by the stud then moves along another slot (25) in an arm (26) integral with a shaft (7f). The oscillations of the shaft are controlled by a control cam. Displacement of the stud relative to the pivot point of the arm permits the transmission ratio, hence the course of travel of the slide, to be varied. The angle .alpha. between the directions of the slots is other than zero at the end of the travel, so that the final position of a tool (29) can be adjusted by means of the control motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1994
    Assignee: Tornos-Bechler SA
    Inventor: Jean C. Simonin
  • Patent number: 5293793
    Abstract: A lathe comprises at least one base unit which is constructed from two machine beds 4, 7. The machine beds are cast as a one-piece unit from reaction resin concrete and carry the bed guides 5, 8 for a spindle box 6 which is displaceable in the direction of the spindle axis 10 and a tool carrier slide 9 with a tool turret 3. The bed guides are at a right angle relative to one another. Each spindle box comprises a projection 15 which has the length of the displacement path of the spindle box 6 and penetrates through a dividing wall 16 at the front end of the displacement path which is arranged at a right angle to the spindle axis 10. The switching axis 11 of the tool turret 3 is arranged at an angle relative to the longitudinal direction of its bed guide 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: EMAG Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventors: Norbert Hessbruggen, Hans J. Dey, Heinz Steinbach
  • Patent number: 5283981
    Abstract: A hydraulic cam feed unit is provided for moving a tool slide linearly towards and away from a workpiece. The feed unit comprises a hydraulic advance cylinder having a double rod, one end of which is connected to the tool slide to move the tool slide towards and away from the workpiece. A cam engaging member is connected to the opposite end of the double rod for linear movement with the double rod and the tool slide, and a cam is provided in selective engagement with the cam engaging member. A hydraulic feed cylinder has a single rod connected to the cam for linearly reciprocating the cam. When the cam is in engagement with the cam engaging member, the linear movement of the cam controls the linear movement of the tool slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: Dana Corporation
    Inventors: Merrill G. Johnson, Frank E. Stotts, Glen E. DeBoard
  • Patent number: 5274564
    Abstract: An apparatus for machining a non-circular workpiece such as a piston wherein a tool is moved back and forth against the workpiece in accordance with profile data defining a desired final shape of the workpiece while the workpiece is rotated at a predetermined speed. The tool is moved by a composite movement of a linear motor driven in accordance with low frequency command values, and a piezoelectric actuator driven in accordance with high frequency command values. A numerical controller of the apparatus calculates the low frequency command values using a first Fourier series and the high frequency command values using a second Fourier series. Coefficients of the first and second Fourier series are determined using least square method in such a way that errors contained in the low and high frequency command values becomes within a predetermined limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: Toyoda Koki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Sugita, Norio Sakakibara, Nobumitsu Hori, Yoichi Yamakawa, Toshihiro Takahashi
  • Patent number: 5181442
    Abstract: A machine tool employs a cam, driven in response to an angular position signal of a workpiece, to cyclically displace a cutting tool with respect to the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1993
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Shoun Kosakusho
    Inventor: Masahiro Nezu
  • Patent number: 5152202
    Abstract: The invention relates to a high speed turning machine for machining a rotating workpiece to have a predetermined profile surface by using a cutting tool mounted on a pivotal tool holder that is reciprocated rapidly toward and from the workpiece surface. An armature of a linear motor is mounted on the pivotal toolholder. The toolholder is mounted in frictionless bearings. The armature is positioned on the toolholder relative to the tool and its pivot axis to provide a substantial mechanical advantage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1992
    Assignee: The Ingersoll Milling Machine Company
    Inventor: Gary Strauss
  • Patent number: 5113729
    Abstract: Clamping device for fixing a spindle sleeve (2) on the carrying platform (1) of an automatic machine tool by interposing a concave carrying slide (3) and using clamping strips (5) which are arranged laterally with respect to the spindle-carrying sleeves and are inserted into a corresponding recess (4) of the spindle-carrying sleeve (2) and secured by means of screws (5a) on the associated slide (3). The spindle-carrying sleeve (2) is moreover secured on the associated slide (3) by means of screws (2a) provided inside threaded holes (9) along the center line on the bottom of the concave slide (3). Adjusting devices (8) are arranged in retaining strips (6) for fixing the concave slides (3) on the platform (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Assignee: Gildemeister Italiana S.p.A.
    Inventor: Enrico Ronzoni
  • Patent number: 5113728
    Abstract: The formation of intermittent chips or chip breakage are assured while machining a rotating workpiece by causing the undeformed chip thickness to vary periodically and be reduced to zero in each period of its variation. To obtain the periodic reduction of the undeformed chip thickness to zero, a cutting tool is made to oscillate along its feed advance path. Tool oscillation is controlled so that the tool's position depends on the angular displacement of the rotating workpiece. The number of cycles of tool oscillation per revolution of the workpiece may be freely chosen depending on the required length of chip segments. The oscillation amplitude needed to form intermittent chips depends on this number, feed advance per revolution, and number of simultaneously applied cutting edges of the tool. The oscillatory movement of the tool may be enforced in many ways.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Inventor: Ludwik A. Medeksza
  • Patent number: 5105692
    Abstract: A machine tool comprising a third carriage which is guided along a circular cylindrical guide of a second carriage by means of a static fluid bearing and which can thus rotate about an axis of rotation which coincides with a centerline of the circular cylindrical guide. A working point of a tool fastened to the third carriage lies on the axis of rotation so that an angular adjustment of the tool effected by rotation of the third carriage can take place independently of a position adjustment of the working point effected by a displacement of the second carriage and a first carriage. The machine tool can be used for the processing of surfaces, in particular in the manufacture of linear and circular Fresnel lenses for projection television screens by means of a cutting tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Marinus J. J. Dona, Johannes M. M. Swinkels
  • Patent number: 5105693
    Abstract: A machine tool for machining a workpiece (11), the workpiece (11) being fastened to a support (9) which has its bearings in a frame (1) of the machine tool and is rotatable about an axis of rotation (13), while a tool (37) is movable relative to the workpiece (11) by means of a positioning device (35) provided on a carrier (17) of the machine tool. The carrier (17) is movably guided relative to the support (9) along a straight guide (23, 25) of the frame (1) in a direction parallel to the axis of rotation (13) by means of static fluid bearings (19, 21), so that a space easily accessible to an operator is created between the carrier (17) and the support (9) through displacement of the carrier (17). The carrier (17) can be coupled to the frame (1) by means of coupling members (51) provided with bolts (75), a head of each bolt (75 ) forming a piston (73) which can be moved in a cylinder (59), which is hinged to the carrier (17).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes L. M. Hagen, Marinus J. J. Dona
  • Patent number: 5101699
    Abstract: A light-weight, highly rigid tool slide for a machine tool is provided which may be machined with a high degree of precision, whereby lateral play or "wobble" of the tool is reduced. The tool slide comprises an elongated slide member slidingly carried in a substantially cylindrical channel formed in the surface of a base member. A cover member covers both the channel and the slide member, which has a flat surface machined therein so as to conform to the shape of the covered channel. The channel in the base member may include an enlarged middle portion to reduce surface contact with the slide member and to provide space for lubricating material. A through-bore may be formed in the slide member to reduce its weight. An encoder monitors the rotational angle of a workpiece and drives a numerical controller and servomotor to move a cutting tool inward and outward in synchronism with the rotation of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Shoun Kosakusho, Kamisucho
    Inventor: Masahiro Nezu
  • Patent number: 5060544
    Abstract: A tool retracting method and apparatus is for retracting a tool in an NC machine tool upon the detection of the occurrence of an abnormal machining condition during operation of the NC machine tool. The tool retraction direction is determined which is counter to the direction of the cutting load acting on the work at the moment of the occurrence of the machining abnormality, so that the tool can be promptly retracted without interfering with the work.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1991
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Okuma Tekkosho
    Inventors: Yoshimaro Hanaki, Kyoichi Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 5054340
    Abstract: An apparatus which moves a tool back and forth in synchronism with rotation of a workpiece with respect to the workpiece to machine the workpiece into a non-circular shape. The tool is attached to a tool mount placed on a tool mount table which is connected to be moved in a direction perpendicular to the axis of a spindle by a motor. The tool is connected to be moved in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the spindle with respect to the tool mount by a high speed actuator. Profile generating movement of the tool is thus provided by a combination of movement provided by the motor and movement provided by the high speed actuator. The high speed actuator is controlled in accordance with high frequency components included in profile data while the motor is driven in accordance with low frequency components included in the profile data. As a result, the responsiveness in profile generating movement of the tool is improved, and high speed machining of a non-circular workpiece is enabled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: Toyoda Koki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Sugita, Norio Sakakibara, Nobumitsu Hori, Yoichi Yamakawa
  • Patent number: 5022294
    Abstract: A cutting apparatus for forming a noncircular cross-section on a workpiece that includes a tool advancing and retreating device. The tool advancing and retreating device includes a central shaft on which is to be mounted a tool, a journal for supporting the central shaft, a movable plate fixed to the central shaft, and electromagnets positioned opposite to one another such that the movable plate is interposed between the electromagnets with a clearance between the plate and the electromagnets. A device is provided for detecting the rotational angle of the main shaft and a displacement sensor is included for detecting the longitudinal displacement of the central shaft. A speed sensor detects the speed of the longitudinal displacement of the central shaft and an arrangement is provided for controlling the electric current passing through the electromagnets based on the output signals from the rotational angle detecting device, from the displacement sensor and from the speed sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1991
    Assignee: Izumi Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshiro Higuchi, Hazime Izumi, Minoru Tanaka
  • Patent number: RE33910
    Abstract: A turning machine is characterized by a new and improved control and mechanism for positioning the turning tool on the head. A CNC control issues command signals for selectively positioning the tool on the head. These signals are developed from an encoder which provides the instantaneous position of the rotating part being turned and from a program in the CNC containing information about the part. A closed loop control system receives these command signals and converts same into a control current for a linear motor which is the prime mover controlling the positioning of the tool on the head. The linear motor operates a carriage on the head and the cutting tool mounts on the carriage opposite the connection of the linear motor to the carriage. The carriage is a hollow bar guided on the head by sets of rollers which are cooperatively arranged to provide yieldably forceful constraint of the bar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: The Cross Company
    Inventor: Ronald E. Compton