Abstract: The present invention enables non-musicians to effectively compose music using a computer, and provides them with the means to manipulate musical content in an intuitive fashion without the need for formal musical training. The invention combines a representation of musical knowledge with a representation of musical data in such a way that permits transposition of the data to be constrained to conform to a set of harmonic rules. The user can select pitches to be moved higher or lower, and a system insures that it sounds good (where good is defined to mean "satisfies the conditions of the harmonic rule base").
March 25, 1998
Date of Patent:
January 4, 2000
International Business Machines Corporation
Steven R. Abrams, Daniel Vincent Oppenheim, Donald P. Pazel, James Lawton Wright
Abstract: Small discontinuities in digital sound data caused by a pitch control operation are processed by using a secondary FIR filter and smoothing the discontinuities. When lowering the key, the data value subject to the pitch down operation is moderately approximated to that of one sampling period before over a cycle of small discontinuity occurrence. when raising the key, the data value subject to the pitch up operation is moderately approximated to the current data value over a cycle of small discontinuity occurrence. By this method, the extent of the data discontinuity is greatly reduced. Large discontinuities for every segment are also processed by cross fading two converted data sequences which are produced from the input sound data and have different timings of large discontinuity occurrence, one data value being increased from its discontinuity point while the other data value is decreased from the same point in time.
Abstract: A pitch control system for the automatic pitch correction according to a harmony-dependent tuning, especially the harmonic tuning, for a musical instrument, having an input device for the input of note input signals in a pre-determined fixed tuning, especially the tempered tuning, and having a note generation device to which the note input signals are applicable, comprises a chord recognition circuit which ascertains at each input signal pattern corresponding to a chord whether this input signal pattern corresponds to a chord pattern from a pre-determined quantity of chord patterns, a signal pattern store circuit in which for each chord pattern of the pre-determined quantity of chord patterns a signal pattern is stored, and a control circuit which, when the chord recognition circuit ascertains that an input signal pattern is present corresponding to one of the pre-determined chord patterns, causes the signal pattern store circuit to emit the signal pattern, corresponding to the ascertained chord pattern, to t
Abstract: Musical equipment enables the row of front digitals of a musical keyboard to sound either the diatonic scale or a six-tone musical scale. Thus music written by different methods of notation can be played on the keyboard by a musician trained in either one of the methods. Musical notation based on a six-tone musical scale can depict intimately the consonant sounds of music, and it can have a system of key signatures that is much easier to learn and to use than the traditional system of key signatures. When a keyboard digital is played, a digital identifying number for that keyboard digital is transmitted in binary code for a separate sound generator. Translating apparatus intercepts this transmission and transforms the digital numbers into associated pitch numbers in such a way that the front digitals of the keyboard can play either the diatonic scale or a six-tone scale, and can play either scale in any musical key with its key signature automatically actuated.