Strain Gauge Patents (Class 84/734)
  • Patent number: 10991349
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a method and apparatus for creating and synthesizing music. The disclosed method comprises obtaining at least one image including at least one object related to at least one first musical instrument, identifying a user input associated with the at least one object, mapping the at least one object to at least one second musical instrument, and generating sound based on the user input and sound data of the at least one second musical instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Arun Kumar, Rohit Thapliyal, Ankush Tarika
  • Patent number: 10431194
    Abstract: Apparatus and associated methods relate to acoustic-electric sensor system including a main acoustic sensor operably coupled to detect string vibrations of an acoustic-electric instrument and a feedback suppression acoustic sensor configured to primarily detect sound board vibrations of the acoustic-electric stringed instrument at a location with a substantially attenuated string vibration signal relative to its sound board vibration signal. In an illustrative example, a mixing circuit may at least partially cancel out sound board vibration signatures output by the main and feedback suppression acoustic sensors with one another to produce a mixed output signal. The feedback suppression acoustic sensor may be spaced outside of an ellipse substantially centered around a sound board string coupling point. The main acoustic sensor may be arranged in close proximity to receive the string vibration signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Inventor: James T. May
  • Patent number: 8884150
    Abstract: A dipole microphone array is provided for an acoustical stringed instrument of the type having a body and a plurality of strings spaced from the body. The array includes a plurality of microphone assemblies each having a first and a second microphone. The second microphone is out of phase with the first microphone so as to provide a dipole microphone assembly. Each of the microphone assemblies is mounted on the body of the instrument in close proximity to one of the strings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventor: David Carl Swanson
  • Patent number: 8802958
    Abstract: Devices and methods for controlling an electronic system are provided. An embodiment of a device comprises a spring having a first end with a first handle and a second end with a second handle. A first sensor detects movement of the first end and a second sensor detects movement of the second end. Each sensor provides a control signal to the electronic system such that the electronic system can act according to the varying control signals. A method comprises providing a spring-based musical instrument and providing a computer having a speaker. The spring is altered by the musician in order to generate control signals to the computer. Sound is generated by the speaker and varied by the computer according to the received control signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: José Tomás Henriques
  • Publication number: 20140060291
    Abstract: An electro-mechanical musical instrument capable of generating a whole or partial instrument resonant frequency, said instrument comprising a body (1) having a first end (2) and a second end (3), a soundboard (4) positioned between said first and second ends adapted to generate a live frequency response and a contact microphone or sensor (5) adapted to receive said resonant frequency wherein said body includes a rigid member (6) positioned between said first and second ends of said body, said rigid member being adapted to apply tension or compression between said first and second ends of said body and simultaneously contact said soundboard between said first and second body ends such that said application of tension or compression adjusts or modifies said resonant frequency of said instrument.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: Hotspur Management Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Paul Llewellyn Davies
  • Patent number: 8330034
    Abstract: A musical accompaniment system is described including a fretted, stringed electric musical instrument, a floor unit, interface units and connecting cables. Designated frets of the instrument are divided into sections that output to a switching component that sends MIDI note # data to a synthesizer when strings of instrument contact designated fret sections. The floor unit includes actuators that output to the synthesizer when tapped by the user. The user taps on the actuators with his or her feet and thereby actuates accompaniment notes that are generated in the rhythms in which they are tapped. Accompaniment notes generated by the process are designated by notes and chords being fingered on the instrument. Methods are described that facilitate the actuating and generating of accompaniment notes in the musical style of traditional bass accompaniment through the use of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Inventor: Anthony LaBarbera
  • Patent number: 8263850
    Abstract: A percussion detecting apparatus capable of enhancing an effect of disturbance interception by intercepting a micro-vibration conveyed from a support frame. A pad member has a pad having a back-side surface to which a base is fixed, and a percussion sensor is disposed on a back-side surface of the base. The pad member is supported by a frame via fixing members integral with the pad member and intervening members made of silicon rubber. Vertical protrusions having different protrusion heights are formed on an upper surface of a flange of each intervening member, and horizontal protrusions are formed on an inner peripheral surface of a through-hole of each intervening member. When the pad member in an unstruck state, each fixing member is in contact with a corresponding one of the intervening members only at the vertical and horizontal protrusions of the intervening member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Ryuji Hashimoto, Kenichi Nishida
  • Patent number: 8088988
    Abstract: An improved transducer structure for musical instruments, principally for stringed instruments, permitting the production of an electrical analog signal which faithfully reproduces sound waves conducted to a sensor from the surface of the instrument through the attachment surface of the transducer and air borne sound waves incident on the elevated structure of the transducer, with nominal distortion. The sensors which are effective using this transducer technology include piezo-electrical sensors, magnetic sensors and capacitive pickups are made part of a symmetric resonant structure none of whose sides are parallel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Inventor: Teddy C. Randazzo
  • Patent number: 8022290
    Abstract: A piezo electric element generates a vibrating voltage in response to a striking force on a pad. The piezo electric element is connected across a series connection of a linear resistor and a nonlinear resistance network. The voltage appearing across the nonlinear resistance network is taken as an output voltage. The nonlinear resistance network is comprised of a parallel connection of a first and a second resistance circuitry. The first resistance circuitry is a series connection of a resister and two diodes connected in parallel in an opposite polarity to each other. The second resistance circuitry is a series connection of another resister and two Zener diodes connected in series in an opposite polarity to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuo Masaki, Yoshihisa Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7935881
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for simulating the sound of a specific percussion instrument. A first stored waveform representative of the impulse response of the specific percussion instrument is convolved with a second waveform representing of the vibrations produced when a playing surface is struck, scraped or rubbed by a hand-held implement manipulated by a human player. A control interface produces a control signal indicative of a desired audio effect, and a signal processor modifies the spectral components of the output waveform produced by the convolution in response to the control signal to produce a modified output waveform that manifests the desired audio effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Roberto M Aimi
  • Publication number: 20100269671
    Abstract: An improved transducer structure for musical instruments, principally for stringed instruments, permitting the production of an electrical analog signal which faithfully reproduces sound waves conducted to a sensor from the surface of the instrument through the attachment surface of the transducer and air borne sound waves incident on the elevated structure of the transducer, with nominal distortion. The sensors which are effective using this transducer technology include piezo-electrical sensors, magnetic sensors and capacitive pickups are made part of a symmetric resonant structure none of whose sides are parallel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Inventor: Teddy C. Randazzo
  • Patent number: 7772482
    Abstract: An electronic musical instrument includes a performance operation portion that is operated by fingers of a performer, a contact portion that is adapted to be brought into contact with a lower lip of the performer, a contact pressure detection portion that detects the contact pressure at which the lower lip is brought into contact with the contact portion, and generates a pressure value in accordance with the detected contact pressure, and a control portion that specifies sound of a pitch in accordance with an operation status of the performance operation portion and changes the pitch of the sound in accordance with the pressure value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventor: Koichiro Shibata
  • Patent number: 7459626
    Abstract: An apparatus for detecting the displacement of a movable member of an electronic musical instrument. The apparatus has superior mechanical durability compared to displacement sensors of the past and can withstand long-term use. The apparatus includes a sensor that provides a detectable electrical characteristic having a value and a spring that, when compressed upon displacement of the movable member acts with the sensor, causing the value of the electrical characteristic to change. The value of the electrical characteristic represents the amount of displacement of the movable member and is used by a controller of the electronic musical instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Roland Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Yoshino, Kazuhiro Arai
  • Patent number: 7268291
    Abstract: A string instrument, such as a guitar, includes a sound box with saddle, a neck with tuning pegs and strings extended under tension between the saddle and the tuning pegs, providing a bridge of least two legs under which there are at least two separate piezoelectric transducers that are connected to an electrical circuit for the amplified reproduction of the sound of the instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2007
    Inventor: Claudio Mario Urbanski
  • Patent number: 6990435
    Abstract: A system for detecting tactile information includes strain-gauge touch sensors and a controller. Based on the sum output from each of tough-sensor sensor units, an analyzer in the controller calculates touch force Fi(t) at each measurement point. An automatic gain control adjusts the voltage amplitude Ai(t) of a sine wave of frequency fi applied to the sensor units at each measurement point to bring the voltage amplitude measured at each measurement point in line with a target voltage. The adjusted voltage Ai(t) is applied to the bandpass filter with a composite sine wave y(t) which includes sine waves of each frequency corresponding to the adjusted voltage amplitude Ai(t). This makes it possible to reduce the number of lines between the controller and touch sensors that includes numerous measurement points, and enables the gain of the touch sensors constituted by strain gauges to be controlled within an appropriate range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2006
    Assignee: Harmonic Drive Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Makoto Kaneko, Ryuta Horie
  • Patent number: 6867361
    Abstract: Operation terminal capable of being carried by a user or human operator is, for example, in the form of a bar or shoe, and detection is made of a movement trajectory of the operation terminal on the basis of movement of the operation terminal. Tone signal is generated with a desired tone factor, such as a tone color, tone volume, tone pitch or effect, set or controlled on the basis of the detected movement trajectory of the operation terminal. Also, detection is made of a mechanical amount of the operation terminal corresponding to a motion of the user carrying the operation terminal, such as an amount of displacement of a predetermined portion (e.g. a shoe's heel portion) of the operation terminal or pressure applied to the predetermined portion, so that a tone signal is generated with a desired tone factor set or controlled on the basis of the detected mechanical amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiki Nishitani, Eiko Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 6822156
    Abstract: The present invention 10 has two components that provide the signal that is representative of the guitar sound, a primary pickup device 12 and a secondary pickup device 52. The primary device is the piezoelectric pickup 12 that is situated between the strings 18 beneath the saddle 14 of a stringed instrument 16. The primary device 12 is designed to detect the bulk of the sound as well as the tonal nuances. The primary device does not provide ambience. The secondary device 52 as used in one embodiment of the present invention makes use of the physically induced charge modulation properties along both the longitudinal and transverse axis of the interconnecting coax cable 52 that runs from the primary pickup 12 to the impedance changing preamplifier 36. This cable can simulate the ambience that could otherwise be generated from discrete microphones or reverberation devices. An optional pair of pickups 26 may be disposed outside the strings 18.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Inventors: Arnold M Lazarus, Arnold Lazarus, Yu Hei Sunny Wai
  • Publication number: 20040060427
    Abstract: Surface impact position and/or intensity of an impact on a drum are detected and used to generate different sounds, lights and other special effects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Publication date: April 1, 2004
    Inventor: Vince De Franco
  • Publication number: 20030061932
    Abstract: An electronic musical instrument is equipped with plural series combinations of switches and resistors and a piezoelectric transducer associated with a movable member for producing electric signals representative of player's intentions to music sound to be generated, and a signal processing system processes the signals for generating the music sound; the signal processing system has a voltage discriminator so that the plural series combinations are connected in parallel to the voltage discriminator through a single conductive line; a vibration absorber is inserted between the movable member and the piezoelectric transducer so that the piezoelectric transducer exactly converts the motion of the movable member to the electric signal at each player's manipulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2002
    Publication date: April 3, 2003
    Inventors: So Tanaka, Minoru Harada
  • Patent number: 6278047
    Abstract: A microprocessor-controlled tuning apparatus for a stringed instrument, wherein the tension of a string is detected by a sensor, compared with a reference value, and readjusted if necessary until the detected value conforms with the reference value, thereby achieving a corresponding musical pitch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Inventor: Todd Cumberland
  • Patent number: 6271456
    Abstract: An electrical pickup for use with a stringed musical instrument is disclosed, as well as a stringed musical instrument employing such a pickup. The pickup is formed of a plurality of magnetoresistive elements, whose electrical resistance decreases as the magnitude of a surrounding magnetic field increases. A first pair of the magnetoresistive elements form two opposite legs of a Wheatstone bridge, and a second pair forms the remaining legs. The magnetoresistive elements forming the two pairs are electrically opposite one another, but are physically located side by side. The first pair is located on a first side of the vibrating string, and the second pair is located on the other side. A magnetic field is established which interacts with the magnetoresistive elements. The pickup is positioned so that the vibration of the string causes perturbations in the magnetic field, which in turn alter the resistance of the magnetoresistive elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Inventor: Gary A. Nelson
  • Patent number: 6005181
    Abstract: A control instrument for a system for generating acoustic output which includes a processor for receiving user input signals and control the acoustic output in response to the user input signals. The control instrument includes an instrument body, and at least one sensor element carried by the instrument body. The sensor element generates user input signals upon tactile actuation of the sensor element by a user. The user input signals indicate the location of contact and amount of force applied to the sensor element by the user. A music synthesis system and a sound processing system each including the control instrument are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Interval Research Corporation
    Inventors: Robert L. Adams, Michael Brook, John Eichenseer, Mark Goldstein, Geoff Smith
  • Patent number: 5854436
    Abstract: A percussion pad includes an upper surface 28 that may be struck to activate the pad and a lower surface 18 on which is mounted a sensor 20 for detecting when the upper surface 28 is struck. An enclosed cavity 24 is located above the region of the lower surface 18 on which the sensor 20 is mounted. The cavity 24 prevents the shock wave of an impact above the sensor 20 from being transmitted directly to the sensor 20. Because shock waves will not propagate significantly around the cavity or along oblique paths from other parts of the surface 28, the sensitivity of the pad is uniform over the surface 28. An outer layer 26 of the pad is preferably formed of rubber-like material to reduce the acoustic sound of an impact and give a drum-like feel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Inventor: William Melville Wernick
  • Patent number: 5543580
    Abstract: A tone synthesizer, for brass instruments, is equipped with a performance information input device such as a mouthpiece having a contact area sensor for detecting the contact area of the lips, a pressure sensor for detecting the push pressure of the lips, and an aperture sensor for detecting the opening surface of the lips. The tone synthesizer is also equipped with an apparatus indicating the strain of the lips, a tone generator, a blow pressure sensor, and a signal transmission apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventor: Hideyuki Masuda
  • Patent number: 5300730
    Abstract: A musical device comprises a guitar with a neck and a plurality of strings. A pick-up produces electrical output signals related to the frequency and amplitude of vibration of at least one of the strings. An electronic musical effect generator is receptive of the electronic output signal for altering the frequency and amplitude to produce a musical effect. A strain gauge assembly for plurality of axes is disposed on the guitar neck to sense a plurality of axes of strain in that position during use of the instrument. A pick is actuatable by a user for initiating a note on the guitar. A second sensor senses the manual actuation pressure on the pick and another strain gauge assembly for a plurality of axes is disposed on the pick and generates a plurality of control signals corresponding to structural deflections generated during the use of the pick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Inventor: Ira B. Ekhaus
  • Patent number: 5288938
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling electronic tone generation determines a type of gesture used by a player to contact a performance surface provided with an array of pressure sensors. The performance surface repeatedly is scanned to determine which of the sensors has been activated at each scan time. When a player contacts the performance surface, parameter data associated with the incoming gesture is compared with gesture recognition rules corresponding to various reference gestures. The gesture recognition rules may be preset, and/or the control system may be provided with an optional programming capability which allows the player to establish individualized gesture recognition rules in accordance with reference gestures input by the player. An electronic tone generator is controlled in accordance with the reference gesture which is determined to best fit an incoming gesture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventor: James A. Wheaton
  • Patent number: 5265516
    Abstract: An electronic musical instrument having a manipulator which includes a hand manipulator and manipulation region capable of setting a reference point and/or reference axis, adapted for generating the musical tones of a rubbed string instrument. The distance from the reference point to the position of performance manipulation and/or the angle between the line connecting the reference point with position of performance manipulation and the reference axis may be calculated to produce parameters for controlling the musical tone signal, such as the bow pressure and the direction of the bow movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Satoshi Usa, Tetsuo Okamoto, Eiichiro Aoki
  • Patent number: 5147969
    Abstract: The musical tone control apparatus detects a movement of a player, such as a holding, touching, beating, depressing, pulling, lifting up or down movement. Then, the musical tone control apparatus generates musical tone control data based on a detecting result of the movement of the player. The musical tone control data control a tone pitch, a tone color or a tone volume of a musical tone to be generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Teruo Hiyoshi, Akira Nakada, Hideo Suzuki, Mamoru Kinpara, Kunihiko Watanabe
  • Patent number: 5099742
    Abstract: Apparatus for altering the output of an electronic string musical instrum responsive to bending of the string comprises a compressible electrically conductive member which has an electrical resistance which varies with the degree of compression applied and may be a conductive elastomer or a piezoresistive material. First and second holders are in contact with the conductive member and a current source is secured to the first holder and the string electrode secured to the second. Bending of the string causes the application of compression to the conductive member. The change in current flow is converted into an output which is a frequency variation which corresponds to the degree of bending of the string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventor: Frank Meno
  • Patent number: 5029508
    Abstract: A musical-tone-control apparatus having finger sensors that detect the bending of each finger and produce on/off signals in response to the bending. One group of outputs of the finger sensors is converted into keycodes that control tone pitches by the use of converting rules, and the other group of the outputs thereof is also used for changing the ranges of the tone pitches. Hence, musical tones controlled by finger motions of a performer are generated. Moreover, the converting rules can be altered by a modification-control means so that keycode-conversion rules can be varied. Thus, conversion rules appropriate for generating tones which occur frequently and are easy to produce for an individual, can be set for each musical piece. Furthermore, grouping the outputs of finger sensors makes it possible for a performer to achieve a variety of control of musical tones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1991
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Hideo Suzuki, Masao Sakama
  • Patent number: 4984499
    Abstract: A reedless harmonica generates control signals for a sound synthesizer which may, if desired, be situated away from the harmonica. The harmonica body has multiple air passages, each generating different musical notes through a plurality of air flow sensors which initiate electrical signals which identify each note being played and indicate changes in the amplitude of the note through transducers. In the preferred embodiment, the sensors are strain gages and circuits are provided for sequentially detecting the electrical resistivity of each gage in a repetitive scanning cycle to produce repetitive sequences of digitally coded signals. Signals produced by the harmonica can be used to control MIDI equipped sound synthesizers or for controlling other forms of electrically operated sound generating equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Inventor: Ron Schille
  • Patent number: 4903566
    Abstract: A pickup for a string under tension of a musical instrument having an improved planar response uses a pair of mechanically independent pressure transducers preferably adjacent to one another which provide independent support to transversely adjacent points of the string. The independent transducers allow the string to roll slightly on one transducer when applying pressure to the other as a result of the string vibration, thus increasing the sensitivity of the pickup in planes near the plane of minimum sensitivity. The transducers may rest on a common massive element which is resiliently coupled to the bridge of the instrument. The transducers preferably have rounded string-contacting surfaces in order to reduce the magnitude of the shear forces exerted on the pickup when the string tension is varied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1990
    Inventor: Richard E. D. McClish