Selective Diffusion Of Gases Through Substantially Solid Barrier (e.g., Semipermeable Membrane, Etc.) Patents (Class 95/45)
  • Patent number: 9815032
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a mixed-matrix composition comprising polymer having a fractional free volume of at least 0.1 and porous particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignees: The Regents of the University of Colorado, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Matthew R. Hill, Cher Hon Lau, Kristina Konstas, Phuc Tien Nguyen, Douglas Gin, Richard D. Noble
  • Patent number: 9808772
    Abstract: Provided is a gas separation membrane including a support, a separation layer, and a protective layer in this order, in which the separation layer contains inorganic particles, the protective layer contains a resin and inorganic particles having an average particle diameter of 10 nm or greater which is less than 0.34 times the film thickness of the protective layer, and the content of the inorganic particles contained in the protective layer is 40% by mass or less with respect to the content of the resin contained in the protective layer, the gas separation membrane being capable of being made into a spiral type gas separation membrane module while maintaining high permeability; and a gas separation membrane module which uses the gas separation membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Yusuke Mochizuki
  • Patent number: 9772109
    Abstract: A process of producing a feed form a solid electrolyte oxygen separator and combusting the feed in a steam methane reforming furnace to produce a flue gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Uchenna Prince Paul, David Brooke Ingram
  • Patent number: 9751042
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides improved systems, assemblies and methods to remove and recover CO2 from emissions. More particularly, the present disclosure provides improved membrane contactors configured to remove CO2 from flue gas by temperature swing absorption. In exemplary embodiments, the present disclosure provides a novel hollow fiber membrane contactor that integrates absorption and stripping using a nonvolatile reactive absorbent (e.g., 80% polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer generation 0, and 20% of an ionic liquid (IL)). Equilibrium CO2 absorption in the nonvolatile viscous mixed absorbent is as high as 6.37 mmolCO2/g absorbent in the presence of moisture at 50° C. A novel membrane contactor is provided for CO2 absorption and stripping via a process identified as temperature swing membrane absorption (TSMAB). The contactor integrates non-dispersive gas absorption and hot water-based CO2 stripping in one device/assembly containing two sets of commingled hollow fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: New Jersey Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Kamalesh K. Sirkar
  • Patent number: 9662688
    Abstract: An apparatus for cross-flow purging for optical components in a chamber, including: a housing with first and second axial ends, a side wall extending in an axial direction and connecting the first and second axial ends, and the chamber formed by the first and second axial ends and the side wall; an optical component disposed within the chamber and fixed with respect to the housing via at least one connecting point on the optical component; an inlet port aligned with the side wall, between the first and second axial ends in the axial direction, in a radial direction orthogonal to the axial direction and arranged to inject a purge gas into the chamber and across the optical component in a radial direction orthogonal to the axial direction; and an exhaust port aligned with the side wall in the radial direction and arranged to exhaust the purge gas from the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: KLA-Tencor Corporation
    Inventors: Garry Rose, Gildardo Delgado, H. Steven Larson, Daniel R. Hennigan
  • Patent number: 9643124
    Abstract: A process for separating components of a gas mixture using gas-separation copolymer membranes. These membranes use a selective layer made from copolymers of partially fluorinated or perfluorinated dioxolane monomers and a second monomer, such as dioxane or a partially fluorinated dioxolane. The resulting membranes have superior selectivity performance for gas pairs of interest while maintaining fast gas permeance compared to membranes prepared using conventional perfluoropolymers, such as Teflon® AF, Hyflon® AD, and Cytop®.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Hao Zhang, Zhenjie He, Timothy C Merkel, Yoshiyuki Okamoto, Yasuhiro Koike
  • Patent number: 9636632
    Abstract: A process for separating components of a gas mixture using gas-separation copolymer membranes. These membranes use a selective layer made from copolymers of an amorphous perfluorinated dioxolane and a fluorovinyl monomer. The resulting membranes have superior selectivity performance for gas pairs of interest while maintaining fast gas permeance compared to membranes prepared using conventional perfluoropolymers such as Teflon® AF, Hlyflon® AD, and Cytop®.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignees: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc, New York University
    Inventors: Timothy C Merkel, Hao Zhang, Zhenjie He, Yoshiyuki Okamoto
  • Patent number: 9517933
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for catalytic reforming. The process can include catalytically reforming a hydrocarbon feed in a reaction zone, obtaining an effluent stream having hydrogen and hydrocarbons from the reaction zone, obtaining from at least a portion of the effluent stream a waste hydrocarbon stream from an adsorption zone, passing at least a portion of the waste hydrocarbon stream as a feed stream across a feed side of a membrane having the feed side and a permeate side, and being selective for hydrogen over one or more C1-C6 hydrocarbons, and withdrawing from the permeate side a permeate stream enriched in hydrogen compared with a residue stream withdrawn from the feed side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Eleftherios Adamopoulos, Wim Frans Elseviers, Bryan K. Glover
  • Patent number: 9364796
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hydrophobic or oleophobic microporous polymer membrane having a structurally induced drip-off effect, to methods for producing the membrane according to the invention, to the use of the membrane in the sterile filtration of gaseous fluids, and to the use of the membrane as a liquid barrier in liquid-containing systems to be vented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Sartorius Stedim Biotech GmbH
    Inventors: Eberhard Wünn, Tobias Schleuss
  • Patent number: 9346011
    Abstract: A hollow fiber carbon molecular sieve membrane, a process for preparing the hollow fiber carbon molecular sieve membrane, and a process for effecting separation of an olefin from a gaseous mixture that comprises the olefin in admixture with its corresponding paraffin and optionally one or more gaseous components selected from hydrogen, an olefin other than the olefin and a paraffin other than the corresponding paraffin. The process and membrane may also be used to effect separation of the olefin(s) from remaining feedstream components subsequent to an olefin-paraffin separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Inventors: William J. Koros, Liren Xu, Mark K. Brayden, Marcos V. Martinez, Brien A. Stears
  • Patent number: 9302258
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a complex and a method for manufacturing same, the complex comprising: at least one crystalline hybrid nanoporous material powder, in which a metal ion, or a metal ion cluster to which oxygen is bound, and an organic ligand, or the organic ligand and a negative ion ligand are in a coordinate covalent bond; and at least one organic polymer additive, or at least one organic polymer additive and an inorganic additive, wherein the shape of the complex is spherical or pseudo-spherical, the size of the complex is 0.1 to 100 mm, a total volume of pores is 5 or more volume % based on the sum of a total volume of nanoporous material having a size of at most 10 nm and a total volume of pores having a size of at least 0.1 ?m, and wherein a non-surface value per weight (m2/g) of the complex as at least 83% of a non-surface value per weight (m2/g) of the nanoporous material powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jong-San Chang, U-Hwang Lee, Young Kyu Hwang, Dong Won Hwang, You-Kyong Seo, Ji Sun Lee, Ji Woong Yoon, Kyu Eun Shim
  • Patent number: 9290859
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for preparing a thin or thick film, comprising the steps of: (1) arranging non-spherical seed crystals on a substrate such that all the a-, b- and c-axes of each seed crystal are oriented under a predetermined rule; and (2) forming and growing the film from the seed crystals through secondary growth by exposing the arranged seed crystals of step (1) to a seed crystal growth solution. The invention also provides a film prepared by the method. According to the invention, crystals or films larger than the seed crystals can be prepared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Industry-University Cooperation Foundation Sogang University
    Inventors: Kyung Byung Yoon, CaoThanhTung Pham
  • Patent number: 9289730
    Abstract: The invention provides improved hollow fiber membranes having at least two layers, and methods for forming the same. The methods include co-extruding a first composition, a second composition, and a third composition to form a dual layer hollow fiber membrane. The first composition includes a glassy polymer; the second composition includes a polysiloxane; and the third composition includes a bore fluid. The dual layer hollow fiber membranes include a first layer and a second layer, the first layer being a porous layer which includes the glassy polymer of the first composition, and the second layer being a polysiloxane layer which includes the polysiloxane of the second composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Dhaval Ajit Bhandari, Patrick Joseph McCloskey, Paul Edward Howson, Kristi Jean Narang, William Koros
  • Patent number: 9238202
    Abstract: The invention is a process of making a chemically and UV treated polymer of intrinsic microporosity membrane comprising preparing a polymer of intrinsic microporosity, chemically cross-linking said polymer of intrinsic microporosity with a cross-linking compound to produce a chemically cross-linked polymer of intrinsic microporosity and then treating said chemically cross-linked polymer with UV radiation for a period of time sufficient to provide a product membrane. This product membrane is useful in the separation of C3 and higher hydrocarbons, as well as CO2, from natural gas and other gas streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Carl W. Liskey, Michael B. Hamoy, Chunqing Liu
  • Patent number: 9233339
    Abstract: A composite structure for capturing a gaseous electrophilic species, the composite structure comprising mesoporous refractory sorbent particles on which an ionic liquid is covalently attached, wherein said ionic liquid includes an accessible functional group that is capable of binding to said gaseous electrophilic species. In particular embodiments, the mesoporous sorbent particles are contained within refractory hollow fibers. Also described is a method for capturing a gaseous electrophilic species by use of the above-described composite structure, wherein the gaseous electrophilic species is contacted with the composite structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignees: UT-BATTELLE, LLC, GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jong Suk Lee, William J. Koros, Nitesh Bhuwania, Patrick C. Hillesheim, Sheng Dai
  • Patent number: 9221019
    Abstract: An organic/inorganic composite compound for fouling resistance may include a core and at least an arm. The core may be formed of a polyhedron of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane. At least one arm may be connected to a Si atom of the polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane. The arm may include a vinyl-based first structural unit including at least one ethylene oxide group at the side chain, and a hydrophobic vinyl-based second structural unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignees: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD., SNU R&DB FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Hyo Kang, Sung Soo Han, Jong-Chan Lee, You Hwan Son, Jung Im Han, Hye Young Kong, Dong-Gyun Kim
  • Patent number: 9211494
    Abstract: A method of pretreating a natural gas stream for a floating liquefied natural gas plant is described. A natural gas feed stream is introduced into an amine absorption unit and a temperature swing adsorption unit located on a ship. The temperature swing adsorption unit has a dehydration cycle and a CO2 removal cycle. The amount of motion of the ship, or the level of CO2 in the natural gas feed stream with reduced contaminants, or both, is monitored. If the amount of motion of the ship or the level of CO2 in the natural gas feed stream with reduced contaminants exceeds a predetermined value, temperature swing adsorption unit is switched from the dehydration cycle to the CO2 removal cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lubo Zhou, Shain Doong, Mark Schott
  • Patent number: 9162200
    Abstract: Disclosed is provided a method of injecting and reacting super-critical phase CO2 without pressure loss. The method includes preparing gas phase CO2, producing liquid phase CO2 by pressurizing the prepared gas phase CO2, producing super-critical phase CO2 by adjusting a temperature of the produced liquid phase CO2, filling incompressible fluid in a reactor and an injection line from an injection unit and pressurizing the incompressible fluid, injecting the produced super-critical phase CO2 into the reactor, and controlling a pressure of the injected super-critical phase CO2 by a pressure regulating unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
    Inventors: Jun-Ho Oh, Kue-Young Kim, Tae-Hee Kim, Kwon-Gyu Park
  • Patent number: 9155989
    Abstract: A method and system for purification of a pressurized gas stream, wherein the method includes in a first absorption step bringing the pressurized gas stream in direct contact with a first absorption solution absorbing at least part of the acidic gases, in the gas stream obtaining a gas liquid mixture; and separating the gas liquid mixture in a partly purified pressurized gas stream and a first rich absorption solution. In a second downstream absorption step bringing the partly purified pressurized gas in contact with a second absorption solution through a membrane contactor, obtaining a second rich absorption solution and a purified pressurized gas stream. The first absorption solution is a partially lean absorption solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: AKER PROCESS SYSTEMS AG
    Inventors: Kamal C. Shah, Pål Helge Nøkleby, Geir Vingelven
  • Patent number: 9114352
    Abstract: A hydrogen purification process is provided. This process includes separating hydrogen from a hydrogen containing stream in at least two sequential palladium membrane purification zones, wherein each purification zone has a permeate side, wherein the permeate side pressure of purification zones are not the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Société Anonyme Pour LÉtude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Trapti Chaubey, Bhadra S. Grover, Pascal Tessier
  • Patent number: 9076598
    Abstract: A paste containing a silica polymer, made by substituting at least some of the surface functional groups thereof with alkyl groups, and solvent-removable inorganic particles is prepared, and the paste is applied and fired to form a transparent insulating film in a dye-sensitized solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignees: SHARP CORPORATION, SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Liyuan Han, Ryohsuke Yamanaka, Nobuhiro Fuke, Atsushi Fukui, Shingo Takano, Gaku Fujihashi
  • Patent number: 9048468
    Abstract: A membrane humidifier assembly for a membrane humidifier for a fuel cell system and a method for making the same is disclosed, the method comprising the steps of providing a material for forming a diffusion medium; forming a plurality of channels in the material with one of a channel-forming roller, a means for etching the material, and a press for forming the diffusion medium; and providing a pair of membranes, wherein the diffusion medium is disposed between the pair of membranes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey M. Guzda, David A. Martinchek
  • Publication number: 20150129413
    Abstract: A gas separation process for treating a gas stream containing vapors of condensable components. The process includes two membrane separation steps, the second step using membranes of lower selectivity than the first step. Advantageously, the first membrane separation step may be carried out outside the pressure-ratio-limited region and the second membrane separation step may be carried out within the pressure-ratio-limited region. The second residue stream is a desired product of the process, and the process is particularly useful for applications where the target concentration of component A in this product is low, such as below 1-2 vol %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventors: Yu Huang, Richard W. Baker
  • Publication number: 20150122121
    Abstract: Gas separation membrane compositions including at least one crosslinked polymer, gas separation membranes made of such compositions, methods for making such gas separation membranes, and methods of using such membranes to separate gases are described. In one embodiment, the crosslinked polymer includes polyarylene ethers (PAE).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: James McGrath, Yu Chen, Rulian Guo, Benny Freeman
  • Patent number: 9023133
    Abstract: A vacuum pumping arrangement is described for pumping a gas stream containing hydrogen or other hydrogen-containing gas. The arrangement comprises a pumping mechanism for receiving the gas stream and exhausting a pumped gas stream at a sub-atmospheric pressure, and, downstream from the pumping mechanism, an ionic conducting membrane having one side exposed to the pumped gas stream and another side exposed to oxygen or other source of oxygen. In one example, the membrane is permeable to hydrogen, which permeates across the membrane to react with oxygen adsorbed on the other surface of the membrane. In another example, the membrane is permeable to oxygen anions, which permeate across the membrane to react with hydrogen within the gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Edwards Limited
    Inventor: Robert Bruce Grant
  • Publication number: 20150114224
    Abstract: Cross-linked rubbery polyurethane-ether polymeric membranes are made from cross-linked rubbery polyurethane-ether polymers that are synthesized from a diisocyanate-terminated polyether and a tetrol with four hydroxyl functional groups. The hydroxyl groups on the tetrol react with the isocyanate groups on the diisocyanate-terminated polyether to form urethane bonds. The cross-linked rubbery polyurethane-ether polymeric membrane selectively permeate condensable vapors such as C3 to C35 hydrocarbons, aromatics, water vapor, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide and rejects methane and ethane. The cross-linked rubbery polyurethane-ether polymeric membrane have high permeance for condensable vapors, high selectivity for condensable vapors over methane and ethane, and high resistance to liquid chemicals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Chunqing Liu, Howie Q. Tran
  • Patent number: 9017451
    Abstract: A gas separation process that utilizes ejector recycle with a membrane separation step in combination with a second separation step. The second separation step may be a second membrane separation, or may involve a different type of separation process. At least a portion of the non-product (i.e. residue) stream withdrawn from the second separation step is directed back to the ejector to form a processing loop. The ejector drives the gas flow in the loop and recycles the non-product stream to the first separation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas P. Wynn, Haiqing Lin, Meijuan Zhou, Jennifer H. Ly, Livia Serbanescu-Martin
  • Publication number: 20150101986
    Abstract: Disclosed are mixed matrix polymeric membranes comprising a plurality of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), or in some aspects a zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), and a polymeric matrix, wherein the plurality of MOFs are attached to the polymeric matrix through covalent or hydrogen bonds or Van der Waals interaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Ihab Nizar ODEH, Yunyang LIU
  • Publication number: 20150104364
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to processes using a new crystalline molecular sieve designated SSZ-96, which is synthesized using a 1-butyl-1-methyl-octahydroindolium cation as a structure directing agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC.
    Inventor: Saleh Ali ELOMARI
  • Patent number: 9005344
    Abstract: The present application is directed to a hydrophobic membrane assembly (28) used within a gas-generating apparatus. Hydrogen is separated from the reaction solution by passing through a hydrophobic membrane assembly (28) having a hydrophobic lattice like member (36) disposed within a hydrogen output composite (32) further enhancing the ability of the hydrogen output composite's ability to separate out hydrogen gas and prolonging its useful life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignees: Societe Bic, The Commissariat a L'energie Atomique et Aux Energies Alternatives (CEA)
    Inventors: Andrew J. Curello, Michael Curello, Constance R. Stepan
  • Patent number: 9005334
    Abstract: A water-proof air-permeable filter (1) includes: a resin film (2) having formed therein a plurality of through pores (21); and a treated layer (3) having hydrophobicity and oil repellency, and formed on at least one of both surfaces in the thickness direction of the resin film (2) such that the treated layer (3) has openings (31) at positions corresponding to the through pores (21). The through pores (21) each have a predetermined size larger than or equal to 0.01 ?m and smaller than or equal to 10 ?m, and are uniformly distributed such that a density of the through pores falls within specific limits included in a range from 10 to 1×108 pores/mm2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Satoru Furuyama, Yozo Nagai, Junichi Moriyama
  • Patent number: 9005486
    Abstract: Perovskite materials of the general formula SrCeO3 and BaCeO3 are provided having improved conductivity while maintaining an original ratio of chemical constituents, by altering the microstructure of the material. A process of making Pervoskite materials is also provided in which wet chemical techniques are used to fabricate nanocrystalline ceramic materials which have improved grain size and allow lower temperature densification than is obtainable with conventional solid-state reaction processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignees: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, University of South Carolina
    Inventors: Kyle S. Brinkman, Paul S. Korinko, Elise B. Fox, Frank Chen
  • Patent number: 8999038
    Abstract: The invention relates to a specific apparatus, more particularly a chain of gas separation membrane modules, for separation of gas mixtures into two fractions each of elevated purity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Evonik Fibres GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Ungerank, Goetz Baumgarten, Markus Priske, Harald Roegl
  • Patent number: 8999036
    Abstract: Biogas is converted to a vehicle fuel equivalent to compressed natural gas high in methane in a simple, low cost process involving steps of refrigeration, non-regenerative activated carbon purification and carbon dioxide removal using low-pressure membrane technology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Stearns Conrad Schmidt Consulting Engineers, Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey L. Pierce
  • Publication number: 20150094500
    Abstract: A method of making a polybenzoxazole (PBO) membrane from a self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymer membrane is provided. These membranes are useful in the separation of gas mixtures and liquid mixtures. The PBO membrane is made by fabricating a self-cross-linkable aromatic polyimide polymer membrane comprising both hydroxyl functional groups and carboxylic acid functional groups; cross-linking the polymer to form a self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymer membrane by heating the membrane at 250° to 300° C. under an inert atmosphere; and thermal heating the self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymer membrane at a temperature from about 350° to 500° C. under an inert atmosphere to convert the self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymer membrane into a PBO membrane. A membrane coating step may be added by coating the selective layer surface of the PBO membrane with a thin layer of high permeability material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Chunqing Liu, Zara Osman, Angela N. Troxell
  • Publication number: 20150090118
    Abstract: This invention relates to self-cross-linkable and self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymers, their membranes and methods for making and using these polymers and membranes. The self-cross-linkable aromatic polyimide polymer described in the present invention comprises both hydroxyl functional groups and carboxylic acid functional groups. The self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide was formed via heating the self-cross-linkable aromatic polyimide polymer at ?300° C. The self-cross-linked aromatic polyimide membranes exhibit high selectivity in separation of mixtures of gases and liquids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Chunqing Liu, Zara Osman, Angela N. Troxell
  • Patent number: 8992668
    Abstract: A gas separation membrane including, a separation-active membrane containing: a compound represented by the following Formula (I) having a boiling point or a decomposition temperature of 200° C. or higher; and a cross-linked polymer containing a dissociable group and a repeating unit derived from alkylene glycol: wherein, in Formula (I), R1, R2 and R3 represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; Wi represents a bivalent linking group; when R1, R2 and R3 represent a substituent, R1 and R2, R1 and R3 or R2 and R3 may be combined together to form a ring and wherein, in the compound represented by Formula (I), [total molecular weight of primary amine group+total molecular weight of secondary amine group]/[molecular weight of Formula (I)] is from 0.3 to 0.84.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Satoshi Sano
  • Patent number: 8979978
    Abstract: Technologies are generally described for perforated graphene monolayers and membranes containing perforated graphene monolayers. An example membrane may include a graphene monolayer having a plurality of discrete pores that may be chemically perforated into the graphene monolayer. The discrete pores may be of substantially uniform pore size. The pore size may be characterized by one or more carbon vacancy defects in the graphene monolayer. The graphene monolayer may have substantially uniform pore sizes throughout. In some examples, the membrane may include a permeable substrate that contacts the graphene monolayer and which may support the graphene monolayer. Such perforated graphene monolayers, and membranes comprising such perforated graphene monolayers may exhibit improved properties compared to conventional polymeric membranes for gas separations, e.g., greater selectivity, greater gas permeation rates, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: Seth A. Miller, Gary L. Duerksen
  • Patent number: 8974574
    Abstract: There is provided a process for effecting permeation of at least an operative material component of an operative mixture from a higher pressure space, through a membrane, and into a lower pressure space, wherein the higher pressure space is disposed in mass transfer communication with the lower pressure space through the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Imtex Membranes Corp.
    Inventors: Xianshe Feng, Darren F. Lawless
  • Patent number: 8956443
    Abstract: A device for trapping flammable gases such as hydrogen comprises active means (3) inside a casing (1) which is closed except for openings which are plugged by filters (2) that normally allow only the gases that are to be trapped to pass through them. The trapping maintains a reduced pressure inside the casing, which continually draws in the gases produced outside. The trap can operate without any maintenance and for long periods of time, even in a completely enclosed environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: TN Intellectual
    Inventors: Valentin Rohr, Elisa Leoni, Jocelyn Prigent, Michel LaTroche
  • Patent number: 8956154
    Abstract: Methods and systems for conversion of a carbon containing fuel to CO2 and H2O. An air stream is fed to a first ion transport membrane unit obtaining a pure oxygen stream from a permeate side and an air stream with a reduced oxygen content from a retentate side. The air stream with a reduced oxygen content is fed to a second ion transport membrane unit and a gaseous first carbon containing fuel is fed to a permeate side of the second ion transport membrane. The first carbon containing fuel is reacted with oxygen transported through the second ion transport membrane forming an at least partially combusted first fuel. The at least partially combusted first fuel, at least a part of the pure oxygen stream and optionally a second carbon containing fuel is fed to a combustion chamber for combustion. An exhaust stream comprising essentially CO2 and H2O is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nebb Engineering AS
    Inventor: Martin Siljan
  • Publication number: 20150040758
    Abstract: The present disclosure refers to a method and an apparatus for cryogen-free concentration of a hyperpolarized noble gas in a continuously flowing stream of gas. The method comprises the following steps: providing a mixture of gases containing hyperpolarized noble gas and at least one process gas; passing the prepared gas mixture as a continuously flowing stream of gas through a gas separation device with a semipermeable membrane in order to separate the gases; and concentrating the hyperpolarized noble gas in the gas separation device, in which at least part of the at least one process gas or the hyperpolarized noble gas is separated from the continuously flowing stream of gas by means of the semipermeable membrane. It also provides for the use of a continuous stream of gas with concentrated hyperpolarized noble gas for magnetic resonance spectroscopy or magnetic resonance tomography.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, vertreten durch das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit, Diese
    Inventors: Wolfgang KILIAN, Lorenz MITSCHANG, Sergey KORCHAK
  • Patent number: 8945276
    Abstract: A gas-separation membrane module assembly and a gas-separation process using the assembly. The assembly includes sets of manifolds, between which are mounted arrays of membrane modules, the manifolds and membrane modules forming a stack within a pressure vessel or housing. The stacked, manifolded arrangement enables many membrane elements to be fed in parallel with the gas to be treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Nicholas P. Wynn
  • Publication number: 20150027305
    Abstract: A gas separation method includes contacting a membrane filter with gas feed, permeating the gas from the gas feed through the membrane, and producing filtered gas from the filter. The filtered gas is produced from the filter as a result of the membrane removing any hydrocarbons containing six or more carbon atoms to produce a total of 0.001 ppm w/w or less. A gas separation method includes feeding gas into a filter containing a hollow fiber membrane that exhibits the property of resisting degradation due to exposure to hydrocarbons containing six or more carbon atoms. The filter exhibits a pressure drop across the membrane of less than 5 psi. The method includes feeding the filtered gas into a gas separation module that exhibits a susceptibility to degradation from exposure to hydrocarbons containing six or more carbon atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Barbara J Evosevich, Ivana Jojic
  • Publication number: 20150007721
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hydrophobic or oleophobic microporous polymer membrane having a structurally induced drip-off effect, to methods for producing the membrane according to the invention, to the use of the membrane in the sterile filtration of gaseous fluids, and to the use of the membrane as a liquid barrier in liquid-containing systems to be vented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: Sartorius Stedim Biotech GmbH
    Inventors: Eberhard Wünn, Tobias Schleuss
  • Patent number: 8926733
    Abstract: A method for preparing a polymeric material includes: providing a polymeric matrix having at least one polymer and at least one porogen; and degrading the at least one porogen at a temperature T?1.1 Tg, where Tg is a glass transition temperature of the polymeric matrix. The degrading step includes exposing the polymeric matrix to thermal degradation, chemical degradation, electrical degradation and/or radiation degradation, wherein the polymeric material has a permeability at least 1.2 times a permeability of the polymeric matrix for a gas, and a selectivity of the polymeric material is at least 0.35 times a selectivity of the polymeric matrix for a gas pair. The method preferably provides gas separation membranes that exceed Robeson's upper bound relationship for at least one gas separation pair. Novel polymeric materials, gas separation membranes and fluid component separation methods are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shiying Zheng, Lloyd M. Robeson, M. Keith Murphy, Jeffrey R. Quay
  • Patent number: 8926732
    Abstract: The present invention provides gels, solutions, films, membranes, compositions, and other materials containing polymerized and/or non-polymerized room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). These materials are useful in catalysis, gas separation and as antistatic agents. The RTILs are preferably imidazolium-based RTILs which are optionally substituted, such as with one or more hydroxyl groups. Optionally, the materials of the present invention are composite materials comprising both polymerized and non-polymerized RTILs. The RTIL polymer is formed from polymerized RTIL cations typically synthesized as monomers and polymerized in the presence of the non-polymerized RTIL cations to provide a solid composite material. The non-polymerized RTIL cations are not covalently bound to the cationic polymer but remain as free cations within the composite material able to associate with charged subunits of the polymer. These composite materials are useful in catalysis, gas separation, and antistatic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of Colorado, a Body Corporate
    Inventors: Jason E. Bara, Trevor K. Carlisle, Evan S. Hatakeyama, Douglas L. Gin, Richard D. Noble, Robert L. Kerr, Andrew L. LaFrate
  • Publication number: 20150000519
    Abstract: This invention relates to high hydrocarbon resistant chemically cross-linked aromatic polyimide polymers, membranes and methods for making and using these polymers and membranes. The high hydrocarbon resistant chemically cross-linked aromatic polyimide membrane described in the present invention comprises a plurality of repeating units of a first aromatic polyimide comprising hydroxyl groups cross-linked with a second aromatic polyimide comprising carboxylic acid groups via covalent ester bonds. These membranes exhibit high permeability and selectivity in separation of mixtures of gases and liquids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Chunqing Liu, Zara Osman
  • Publication number: 20150005468
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to high permeability, UV cross-linkable copolyimide polymers and membranes for gas, vapor, and liquid separations, as well as methods for making and using these membranes. The invention provides a process for separating at least one gas from a mixture of gases using the high permeability copolyimide membrane or the UV cross-linked copolyimide membrane, the process comprising: (a) providing a high permeability copolyimide membrane or a UV cross-linked copolyimide membrane which is permeable to said at least one gas; (b) contacting the mixture on one side of the high permeability copolyimide membrane or the UV cross-linked copolyimide membrane to cause said at least one gas to permeate the membrane; and (c) removing from the opposite side of the membrane a permeate gas composition comprising a portion of said at least one gas which permeated said membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Zara Osman, Chunqing Liu, Angela N. Troxell, Carl W. Liskey
  • Patent number: 8920539
    Abstract: The invention relates to a Method of generating oxygen and nitric oxide. The method comprises the steps of: guiding an oxygen comprising gas to a primary side of a dense membrane (42), heating the membrane (42) to a temperature at which it is permeable for oxygen, creating a pressure difference between the primary side of the membrane (42) and a secondary side of the membrane (42), wherein a stream of oxygen is generated at the secondary side of the membrane (42) and a stream of oxygen depleted gas is generated at the primary side of the membrane (42). The method according to the invention further comprises the steps of: providing a flow of nitrous oxide comprising gas and heating the nitrous oxide comprising gas to a temperature at which nitric oxide is generated. Thereby, according to the invention, heat generated in the process of operating the membrane is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Rainer Hilbig, Achim Gerhard Rolf Koerber, Claudia Hannelore Igney