Cutter Element Laterally Shiftable Below Ground (e.g., Expansible) Patents (Class 175/263)
  • Patent number: 9157281
    Abstract: A downhole tool, for selectively reaming a wellbore or stabilizing drill string components within a wellbore, includes an elongate tool body adapted to receive reamer cartridges or stabilizer cartridges depending on the function desired. The reamer cartridges are radially insertable into corresponding pockets in the tool body, with each reamer cartridge having a reamer insert with an array of cutting elements. The reamer insert is disposed within a bushing and is rotatable relative thereto, about a rotational axis transverse to the longitudinal axis of the tool. However, the rotational axis is offset from the tool body axis, resulting in eccentric contact of the cutting elements with the wall of the wellbore, which in turn imparts rotation to the reamer insert when the tool is being moved axially through a wellbore without rotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: Dynomax Drilling Tools Inc.
    Inventors: Michael James Harvey, Jovan Vacar, Milan Rajic
  • Publication number: 20150144401
    Abstract: A bottom hole assembly includes a drill string, a bit coupled to an end of the drill string, a rotary steerable system coupled to the drill string above the bit, a hydraulically actuated tool assembly coupled to the drill string above the rotary steerable system, and an electrically controlled tool coupled to the drill string above the hydraulically actuated tool assembly and electrically coupled to the rotary steerable system. A method includes running a bottom hole assembly downhole, the bottom hole assembly including a drill bit, a rotary steerable system, an electrically controlled tool, and a hydraulically actuated tool assembly disposed between the rotary steerable system and the electrically controlled tool. The method includes cutting a formation with the drill bit, actuating the hydraulically actuated tool assembly, and maintaining an electrical connection between the rotary steerable system and the electrically controlled tool during the running, the cutting, and the actuating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Mahavir Nagaraj, John Michael Aubin, Renato Pereira, Bhushan Pendse, Francesco Vaghi
  • Publication number: 20150144405
    Abstract: A downhole tool has a body with a bore formed at least partially therethrough. A cutter block may be coupled to the body and move radially outward from the body in response to an increased pressure in the bore. The cutter block may include an outer surface that transitions from a first portion to a second portion, with the first portion being downhole of the second portion. A radius of curvature between the first and second portions may be less than about 7 cm. The second portion or a line tangential thereto may be oriented at an angle from about 60° to about 120° with respect to a central longitudinal axis of the body. A plurality of cutting elements may be disposed on the outer surface of the cutter block. At least one of the cutting elements may be disposed at least partially on the first or second portion of the outer surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Vincente S. Salvo, Michael Stewart, Sike Xia, Georges Ishak
  • Publication number: 20150068813
    Abstract: A downhole tool configured to enlarge a borehole may include at least one blade extending laterally from a central portion of the tool. The one or more blades may each include a gage portion, and cutting elements comprising substantially circular cutting faces may be affixed to each of the one or more blades. Each of the one or more cutting elements may include a cutting edge comprising an arcuate peripheral cutting face portion for contacting the borehole. Cutting faces of at least one cutting element on a gage portion of the at least one blade may exhibit a cutting face back rake angle greater than a cutting face back rake angle of cutting elements on at least one other portion of the at least one blade.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Mario Moreno, II, James D. Enterline
  • Publication number: 20150068804
    Abstract: A downhole tool for increasing a diameter of a wellbore disposed within a subterranean formation. The downhole tool includes an underreamer having a plurality of cutter blocks moveably coupled thereto that move radially-outward from a refracted state to an expanded state. The cutter blocks cut the subterranean formation to increase the diameter of the wellbore from a first diameter to a second diameter when in the expanded state. A formation weakening tool may be coupled to the underreamer. The formation weakening tool weakens a portion of the subterranean formation positioned radially-outward therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: MADAPUSI K. KESHAVAN, PRAFUL C. DESAI, IAIN M. COOPER
  • Publication number: 20140374163
    Abstract: A downhole tool includes a body having a bore extending, at least partially therethrough. A component is disposed within the bore and arranged and designed to move axially from a first position to a second position within the bore. An axial end portion of the component has a first contact surface that is oriented at an angle from about 1° to about 45° with respect to a longitudinal axis extending through the component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Rui Gao, Sudarsanam Chellappa, James Layne Larsen
  • Publication number: 20140353032
    Abstract: An expandable reamer apparatus and methods for reaming a borehole, wherein a laterally movable blade carried by a tubular body may be selectively positioned at an inward position and an expanded position. The laterally movable blade, held inwardly by blade-biasing elements, may be forced outwardly by drilling fluid selectively allowed to communicate therewith by way of an actuation sleeve disposed within the tubular body. Alternatively, a separation element may transmit force or pressure from the drilling fluid to the movable blade. Further, a chamber in communication with the movable blade may be pressurized by way of a downhole turbine or pump. A ridged seal wiper, compensator, movable bearing pad, fixed bearing pad preceding the movable blade, or adjustable spacer element to alter expanded blade position may be included within the expandable reamer. In addition, a drilling fluid pressure response indicating an operational characteristic of the expandable reamer may be generated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Anurag Gautam, Robert A. Laing
  • Patent number: 8899352
    Abstract: This disclosure relates in general to a method and system for controlling a drilling system for drilling a borehole in an earth formation. More specifically, but not by way of limitation, embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods for controlling dynamic interactions between the drilling system for drilling the borehole and an inner surface of the borehole being drilled to steer the drilling system to directionally drill the borehole. In another embodiment of the present invention, data regarding the functioning of the drilling system as it drills the borehole may be sensed and interactions between the drilling system for drilling the borehole and an inner surface of the borehole may be controlled in response to the sensed data to control the drilling system as the borehole is being drilled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Ashley Johnson, Walter David Aldred, Geoffrey Downton, Riadh Boualleg, Kjell Haugvaldstad, Michael Sheppard
  • Patent number: 8893826
    Abstract: A drilling apparatus includes a tubular body including an upper connection and a lower connection with a drill bit disposed thereon, and an axial borehole therethrough, wherein the upper connection is configured to attach to a drillstring, primary cutter blocks coupled to the tubular body and configured to selectively expand radially therefrom. The drilling apparatus further includes backup cutter blocks coupled to the tubular body and configured to selectively expand radially therefrom, and an activation system configured to selectively expand and collapse the primary and backup cutter blocks in response to changes in weight applied to the primary and backup cutter blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Praful C. Desai
  • Publication number: 20140338981
    Abstract: Expandable apparatus for use in subterranean boreholes include at least one member configured to move between a retracted position and an extended position. Components of the expandable apparatus may include at least one surface for removing debris proximate to the tubular body. Components of the expandable apparatus may be configured to enable the expandable apparatus to increase a diameter of a subterranean borehole by greater than twenty percent. Components of the expandable apparatus may be configured to restrict fluid flow to nozzle assemblies. The expandable apparatus may include a protect sleeve having a push sleeve disposed therein. Methods of operating an expandable apparatus may include removing debris with a surface of the expandable apparatus. Methods of operating an expandable apparatus may also include selectively flowing fluid to nozzle assemblies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Khoi Q. Trinh, Li Li
  • Patent number: 8875810
    Abstract: A bottomhole assembly (BHA) coupled to a drill string includes one or more controllers, and a hole enlargement device that selectively enlarges the diameter of the wellbore formed by the drill bit. The hole enlargement device includes an actuation unit that may move extendable cutting elements o the hole enlargement device between a radially extended position and a radially retracted position. The actuation unit may be responsive to a signal that is transmitted from a downhole and/or a surface location. The hole enlargement device may also include one or more position sensors that transmit a position signal indicative of a radial position of the cutting elements. In an illustrative operating mode, one or more operating parameters of the hole enlargement device may be adjusted based on one or more measured parameters. This adjustment may be done in a closed-loop or automated fashion and/or by human personnel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Matthias Meister, Wolfgang Eduard Herberg, Gunnar Bothman, Joachim Treviranus, Carsten Freyer, Hans-Robert Oppelaar
  • Patent number: 8869918
    Abstract: Implementations of the present invention include a core barrel assembly including external fluid pathways extending generally axially long the outer surface of the core barrel assembly. The one or more external fluid pathways can allow for increased fluid flow around a latch mechanism. The increased fluid flow around the latch mechanism can allow the core barrel assembly to travel faster within the drill string, can allow drilling fluid to pass by the latch mechanism when engaged. Implementations of the present invention also include drilling systems including external fluid pathways, and methods of retrieving a core sample using such drilling systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Longyear TM, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher L. Drenth
  • Patent number: 8863863
    Abstract: An undercutting tool for producing transverse grooves in a drilled hole. An upper support and a lower support axially delimit a receiving region of a shank. At least two spreading elements are disposed in the receiving region between the spreading elements and the receiving region. The shank and the supports are disposed so the axial distance between the supports can be reduced by exerting an axial force. The spreading elements each have an oblique upper and lower end face, which each have such an outer geometric shape, extending in a direction not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and are displaced in substantially opposite radial directions, and the axial force is in each case converted to a radial force in the radial directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Inventor: Josef Hasler
  • Publication number: 20140305703
    Abstract: In one aspect, a drill bit is disclosed that in one embodiment includes a bit body that has a longitudinal axis, a blade of a selected length on a side of the bit body and substantially along the longitudinal axis, and a movable member associated with the blade that extends from a retracted position to a selected extended position along the longitudinal axis, thereby effectively extending the length of the blade when the movable member is in the selected extended position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Konrad Izbinski
  • Publication number: 20140262533
    Abstract: A polycrystalline diamond (PCD) composite compact element comprising a PCD structure bonded to a cemented carbide substrate, in which at least a peripheral region of the substrate comprises cemented carbide material having a mean free path (MFP) characteristic of at least about 0.1 microns and at most about 0.7 microns; and an elastic limit of at least about 1.9 GPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Danny Eugene Scott, Jimmy Wayne Eason, David Alexander Curry, Igor Yuri Konyashin
  • Publication number: 20140246242
    Abstract: A component of a drilling assembly comprises at least one blade having a gauge region comprising a bearing face for engaging a sidewall of a wellbore in a subterranean formation during rotation of the drilling assembly, and a rotationally leading edge rotationally preceding the bearing face and comprising an engagement profile comprising at least one of at least one chamfered surface and at least one radiused surface, the engagement profile different than another engagement profile of another rotationally leading edge of another region of the at least one blade. A drilling assembly, and a method for stabilizing a drilling assembly in a wellbore in a subterranean formation are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Amanda K. Ohm, Ajay V. Kulkarni
  • Patent number: 8820440
    Abstract: In one aspect of the present invention, a steering assembly for downhole directional drilling comprises an outer bit comprising a bore and an outer cutting area and in inner bit comprising an inner cutting area and connected to a shaft that is disposed within the bore. At least one biasing mechanism is disposed around the shaft. At least one fluid channel is disposed within the outer bit and redirects fluid to the at least one biasing mechanism causing the at least one biasing mechanism to push the shaft and alter an axis of the inner bit with respect to an axis of the outer bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Scott Dahlgren, Jonathan Marshall
  • Patent number: 8807246
    Abstract: Described herein is a reamer tool (100) having a body (105) with bays (115) in which cutter arms (110) are mounted for deployment between a stowed position and a deployed position. A deployment mechanism is provided for deploying the cutter arms from their stowed position to their deployed position that maintains each cutter arm in a position that is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the body (105) whilst in its stowed position and in its deployed position as well as during its deployment from its stowed position to its deployed position. A control module (300) is also described for controlling the deployment of the cutter arms (110). The control module (300) comprises a motor (310), a gearing mechanism (315) and a moveable element (320) that closes a port (385) in a first position and opens the port (385) in a second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Lassoie, John Ransford Hardin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8776912
    Abstract: In one aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relate to a secondary cutting structure for use in a drilling assembly, the second cutting structure including a tubular body and a cutter block, extendable from the tubular body, the block including at least three rows of cutting elements. In another aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relate to drilling a borehole, the method including disposing a drilling tool assembly in the borehole, wherein the drilling tool assembly includes a primary cutting structure and a secondary cutting structure, and wherein the secondary cutting structure ahs a cutter block having at least three rows of cutting elements. The method also includes actuating the primary cutting structure, drilling a first portion of the borehole with the primary cutting structure, actuating the secondary cutting structure, and drilling a second portion of the borehole with both the primary and secondary cutting structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Navish Makkar, Dwayne P. Terracina
  • Publication number: 20140190102
    Abstract: A boring tool for digging holes having a vertical shaft of a first diameter extending from the soil surface to a suitable subsurface distance, and a void of a second diameter, larger than that of the first diameter, at the bottom, subsurface distance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: PESTICIDE DELIVERY SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: Robert W. Haynes
  • Patent number: 8770322
    Abstract: A latch body for use in a drilling head assembly including a fluid control subassembly, a check valve element, and/or a hollow spindle. A distal end portion of the latch body includes a port section that defines a chamber for receiving the check valve element and promoting movement of the check valve element between a blocking position and an open position. The hollow spindle of the fluid control subassembly is operatively coupled to the chamber of the port section and supports the check valve element in the blocking position. A proximal end portion of the latch body supports the fluid control subassembly of the drilling head assembly in an operative position. The latch body includes male protrusions extending inwardly toward and spaced from a longitudinal axis of the latch body. A plurality of channels extend radially outwardly from the longitudinal axis of the latch body, spanning between adjacent male protrusions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Longyear TM, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher L. Drenth, Anthony LaChance, George Iondov
  • Patent number: 8763726
    Abstract: The present specification describes a drill bit for drilling a cavity. The drill bit may include a chassis, a plurality of gauge pad sets, and at least one gauge pad structure. The chassis may be configured to rotate about an axis. The plurality of gauge pad sets may each include at least one gauge pad. The at least one gauge pad structure may moveably couple at least one of the gauge pads of at least one of the plurality of gauge pad sets with the chassis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Ashley Bernard Johnson, Michael Charles Sheppard, Geoff Downton
  • Patent number: 8757294
    Abstract: This disclosure relates in general to a method and system for controlling a drilling system for drilling a borehole in an earth formation. More specifically, but not by way of limitation, embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods for controlling dynamic interactions between the drilling system for drilling the borehole and an inner surface of the borehole being drilled to steer the drilling system to directionally drill the borehole. In another embodiment of the present invention, data regarding the functioning of the drilling system as it drills the borehole may be sensed and interactions between the drilling system for drilling the borehole and an inner surface of the borehole may be controlled in response to the sensed data to control the drilling system as the borehole is being drilled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Ashley Johnson, Walter David Aldred, Geoffrey Charles Downton, Riadh Boualleg, Kjell Haugvaldstad, Michael Sheppard
  • Publication number: 20140131109
    Abstract: An underreamer for increasing a diameter of a wellbore. The underreamer includes a body having an axial bore extending at least partially therethrough. An annular sleeve may be coupled to the body and adapted to move with respect to the body. The sleeve may include a plurality of grooves formed therein that are circumferentially offset from one another. A pin may be coupled to the body. The sleeve may be adapted to move with respect to the pin to transition the pin from a first groove in the sleeve to a second groove in the sleeve. The sleeve may be in a first axial position with respect to the body when the pin is positioned in the first groove, and the sleeve may be in a second axial position with respect to the body when the pin is positioned in the second groove. The underreamer also includes one or more cutter blocks. The radial cutting diameter of the one or more cutter blocks depends on the axial position of the one or more cutter blocks and may be determined therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: Manoj D. Mahajan, Sameer P. Bhoite
  • Patent number: 8720604
    Abstract: A drill bit direction system and method is disclosed that modifies or biases the stochastic movement of the drill bit to change a drilling direction of a drilling system. The direction of the drill bit is monitored to determine if the direction happens to align in some way with a preferred direction. If the direction isn't close enough to a preferred or desired direction, stochastic motion of the drill bit in the borehole may be controlled and/or motion of the drill bit under a side force acting on the drill bit to direct the drilling may be focused or biased to modify the direction of drilling closer to the preferred direction. Any of a number of stochastic motion control mechanisms or biasing mechanisms can be used. Some embodiments can resort to conventional steering mechanisms to supplement the stochastic motion control or side force biasing mechanisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Charles Sheppard, Ashley Bernard Johnson, Geoff Downton
  • Publication number: 20140054036
    Abstract: A method of forming a wellbore is provided that in one embodiment includes conveying an inner string and an outer string downhole; attaching the inner string to the outer string at a first location and forming the wellbore; and attaching the inner string to the outer string at a second location uphole of the first location and cementing an annulus between the outer string and the wellbore, without retrieving the inner string from the wellbore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Thorsten Regener, Ingo Roders, Carl C. Clemmensen, Sascha Schwartze, Trond R. Skar, Tore Sorheim, Morten Eidem, Gaute Grindhaug
  • Patent number: 8657038
    Abstract: An expandable reamer apparatus and stabilizer sub having at least one rib thereon attached thereto for drilling a subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Mark R. Kizziar, Mark A. Jenkins
  • Publication number: 20140048335
    Abstract: A reamer is designed to enhance operation of a bottom hole assembly in which it is included. One or more capabilities and/or characteristics of the cutters carried by the reamer blocks of the reamer may be varied even in the same profile portion to enhance the functionality and/or durability of the reamer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC.
    Inventor: Graham MENSA-WILMOT
  • Publication number: 20140008128
    Abstract: A downhole tool and associated methods. The downhole tool includes a body with a throughbore; at least one extendable cutting member; and an actuation member. The actuation member is operatively associated with the extendable cutting member and movable relative to the body to extend the cutting member laterally from the body along an extension axis. The extension axis is offset from a radius of the body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: NOV Downhole Eurasia Limited
    Inventor: Mark Adam
  • Patent number: 8613331
    Abstract: A method of selectively actuating a downhole tool, wherein the downhole tool includes a tubular body with an axial borehole therethrough and at least one component, includes increasing a flow rate of a circulating fluid in the axial borehole of the downhole tool to reach a specified circulating fluid pressure, detecting an increased circulating fluid pressure in the borehole of the tool with at least one sensor, actuating a motor to operate a pump, and sending a fluid to operate a sliding sleeve. The method further includes operating the sleeve disposed in the axial borehole to open an actuation chamber port in response to the increased circulating fluid pressure in the borehole of the tool, thereby filling an actuation chamber with the drilling fluid, and moving the at least one expandable component radially outward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Praful C. Desai
  • Publication number: 20130319769
    Abstract: A reaming tool for use while inserting tubular components into a wellbore includes a motor housing configured to be coupled to one end of a string of tubular components. A motor is disposed in the housing. An output shaft is rotationally coupled to the motor. the output shaft is configured to be coupled to a cutting structure at one end thereof. A lock is selectively engageable to rotationally fix the output shaft to the motor housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventor: Edward D. Scott
  • Patent number: 8590615
    Abstract: A casing device for a borehole in the ground, in which an annulus is formed between the casing and the wall of the borehole, and in which the casing is provided with at least two packer groups, each including activatable packers, the packers being formed, in their active state, to seal the annulus, and at least one packer group of the activatable packers being connected to sliding sleeves, so that at least one group of packers is movable relative to the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Hole in One Producer AS
    Inventors: Sigmund Stokka, Bjarne Aas
  • Publication number: 20130306380
    Abstract: An earth-boring tool includes a tool body of a fixed-blade reaming apparatus configured to be coupled within the drilling assembly. The tool body has a longitudinal axis and at least one reamer blade configured to be outwardly extendable for use in an expandable reamer and attachable on a fixed-blade reamer. The at least one reamer blade is attached to the tool body in an immovable manner relative to the tool body during use of the earth-boring tool in the formation of a subterranean wellbore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Inventors: Marcus Oesterberg, James D. Enterline
  • Publication number: 20130299248
    Abstract: An underreamer for connection with a rotary pipe string includes inner and outer body sections which form a body structure to provide a fluid flow path therethrough for communicating with piston and cylinder means formed between the body sections for receiving drilling fluid to effect telescopic movement between the body sections permitting engagement of cutter arms and support of said cutter arms on the outer body of the underreamer. Cutter arms are pivotally mounted on the inner body section and, upon engagement of the cutter arms to effect underreaming are fully supported on the outer body section thereby minimizing damage from vibration and repeated use on the threaded inner body sections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: Tiger 19 Partners, Ltd
    Inventor: Allen Kent Rives
  • Publication number: 20130292175
    Abstract: A drilling assembly for drilling a subterranean wellbore includes an expandable reamer and an expandable stabilizer. The expandable reamer and the expandable stabilizer each have a tubular body with a longitudinal axis and a drilling fluid flow path extending therethrough. A plurality of blades is carried by the reamer and a plurality of bearing pads is carried by the stabilizer. The blades and bearing pads are outwardly movable from a retracted position to an extended position with respect to the longitudinal axes of the reamer and stabilizer, respectively. The reamer and stabilizer each include an actuation device for moving the blades and bearing pads, respectively, from the retracted position to the extended position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, L. Allen Sinor, Anders K. Nesheim
  • Patent number: 8567530
    Abstract: A collapsible cutter bit or rock head for use with an underground auger boring machine has an expanded position for cutting rock in front of an underground pipe and a collapsed position for withdrawing the rock head through the underground pipe. The auger boring machine is configured to bore a passage through a body of soil and rock and simultaneously lay the underground pipe in the passage. Forward rotation of the cutter bit causes expansion while collapse of the cutter bit may be driven by reverse rotation of the cutter bit or another mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Inventor: James S. Barbera
  • Publication number: 20130256034
    Abstract: Expandable reamers for enlarging a borehole in a subterranean formation include a tubular body, at least one curved blade track carried by the tubular body, and at least one blade engaged with the at least one blade track and configured to slide along the curved blade track along a curved path between a first retracted blade position and a second expanded blade position. To form such an expandable reamer, a tubular body having at least one curved blade track carried by the tubular body may be formed, and at least one blade may be engaged with the blade track. The blade and blade track may be configured such that the blade slides along the blade track along a curved path between a retracted position and an expanded position. Such expandable reamers may be used to enlarge boreholes in subterranean formations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Carl E. Poteet, III
  • Publication number: 20130248252
    Abstract: An articulated reaming tool is provided in casing or liner drilling on or through the tubular wall with the articulation occurring from within the tubular. Outer limit travel stops are contemplated to optionally be used to retain the elements or blades to the tubular. In the case of liner drilling the drill string has an exterior protrusion to engage the movable components that ream and extend them to increase the clearance for the tubular as the tubular advances when more hole is made.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Marcus Oesterberg, Steve Rosenblatt
  • Patent number: 8511404
    Abstract: The Smart Reamer® Tool, Apparatus or Method is used to underream an oil or natural gas well while interlinked calipers and calibration sensors simultaneously record data relating to the geometry of the drilling operation (well diameter, diameter of the underreamed zone) and drilling fluid properties (density). Further sensors provide data on the relative position of the cutting and stabilizing blocks. Other sensors measure vibration data. All the sensors are interlinked by means of microprocessors which compare and correlate said data to automatically verify and deliver a desired wellbore diameter without the need to unnecessarily stop drilling or trip out of the hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Inventor: Wajid Rasheed
  • Publication number: 20130199855
    Abstract: A downhole tool comprises a body having a slot therein, a cutting blade mounted within the body and extendible and retractable through the slot such that the outer diameter of the tool can be selectively increased, an actuation member for driving the cutting blade between the retracted and extended positions and a mounting means connecting the blade to the actuation member, said body having a tapered surface along which the blade travels such that as the blade travels along the tapered surface the blade moves radially outwardly with respect to both the body and the mounting means whilst remaining in contact with the tapered surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Pedem Limited
    Inventor: Carl Shears
  • Publication number: 20130161102
    Abstract: A drill bit for use in drilling a wellbore and that can be used for fracturing the subterranean formation surrounding the wellbore. Included on the bit body is a packer for sealing against the wellbore wall during fracturing. A chamber in the drill bit houses a valve assembly for selectively diverting fluid between use in drilling and for use in fracturing. The fluid is delivered through a drill string that attaches to an upper end of the bit. The valve assembly can be shuttled between drilling and fracturing configurations by selectively adjusting an amount and/or pressure of the fluid flowing in the drill string.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
  • Publication number: 20130161099
    Abstract: A tool for reaming a borehole includes a tubular body having a central axis, an uphole reamer section mounted to the body, and a downhole reamer section mounted to the body. Each reamer section includes a first blade extending radially from the body. Each blade has an uphole end, a downhole end opposite the uphole end, and a formation-facing surface. The formation facing surface of the first blade of the uphole reamer section is disposed at a radius R1 that increases moving from the uphole end to the downhole end. The formation facing surface of the first blade of the downhole reamer section is disposed at a radius R1? that decreases moving from the uphole end to the downhole end. The tool also includes a cutter element mounted to the formation facing surface of the first blade of each reamer section.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: NATIONAL OILWELL DHT, L.P.
    Inventor: National Oilwell DHT, L.T.
  • Patent number: 8464810
    Abstract: A method and a storage device including a software product for modifying a drilling pattern, and a rock drilling rig. One or more holes whose location is to be changed may be selected from a drilling pattern prior to drilling. The hole is assigned a new location by means of a drilling unit and, subsequently, the drilling pattern is updated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Sandvik Mining & Construction Oy
    Inventor: Eemeli Haverinen
  • Publication number: 20130146361
    Abstract: A secondary cutting structure for use in a drilling assembly includes a tubular body, and a block, extendable from the tubular body, the block including a first arrangement of cutting elements disposed on a first blade, a first stabilization section disposed proximate the first arrangement of cutting elements, a second arrangement of cutting elements disposed on the first blade, and a second stabilization section disposed proximate the second arrangement of cutting elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Navish Makkar, Brian Cruickshank, Charles Dewey, Michael G. Azar
  • Publication number: 20130092446
    Abstract: An expandable reamer apparatus and stabilizer sub having at least one rib thereon attached thereto for drilling a subterranean formation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicants: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED, Steven R. Radford, Mark R. Kizziar, Mark A. Jenkins
  • Publication number: 20130087386
    Abstract: An expandable reamer apparatus and methods for reaming a borehole, wherein a laterally movable blade carried by a tubular body may be selectively positioned at an inward position and an expanded position. The laterally movable blade, held inwardly by blade-biasing elements, may be forced outwardly by drilling fluid selectively allowed to communicate therewith by way of an actuation sleeve disposed within the tubular body. Alternatively, a separation element may transmit force or pressure from the drilling fluid to the movable blade. Further, a chamber in communication with the movable blade may be pressurized by way of a downhole turbine or pump. A ridged seal wiper, compensator, movable bearing pad, fixed bearing pad preceding the movable blade, or adjustable spacer element to alter expanded blade position may be included within the expandable reamer. In addition, a drilling fluid pressure response indicating an operational characteristic of the expandable reamer may be generated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Kelly D. Ireland, Anurag Gautam, Robert A. Laing, Matthew D. Mumma, Daryl L. Pritchard
  • Publication number: 20130068481
    Abstract: A bottom hole assembly carrying an expandable tubular is disposed in a portion of a wellbore having a lost circulation zone, and the tubular is radially expanded to isolate the wellbore from the formation across the lost circulation zone. The expandable tubular is made up of a rolled up sheet like member and mounts along the outer periphery of a portion of the bottom hole assembly. A bladder on the bottom hole assembly is inflated for expanding the tubular radially outward against the wellbore wall. A drill bit and underreamer are included with the bottom hole assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Shaohua Zhou
  • Patent number: 8371389
    Abstract: A shifting tool and method of shifting a downhole device that requires only a minimal profile or no profile to engage and move the movable portion of the tool. The invention comprises a ported housing assembly and at least one friction pad alignable with said at least one port and radially movable through the port between a first pad position and a second pad position. In the second pad position, the friction pad extends outside said outer diameter of said housing assembly to engage the targeted downhole device. A mandrel positioned through the ported housing has a first section with a first outer diameter and a second section with a second outer diameter, said second outer diameter being greater than said first outer diameter. The mandrel is movable between a first mandrel position and a second mandrel position. In the second mandrel position, the second outer diameter supports the friction pads in the second pad position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Summit Downhole Dynamics, Ltd
    Inventors: Raymond Hofman, Steve Jackson
  • Patent number: 8365842
    Abstract: A tool comprising a fluid path defined by a bore formed within a tubular body includes a guided sleeve and a reciprocating sleeve disposed within the bore. A gearwheel is located on an outer surface of the guided sleeve and at least one pawl located on an inner surface of the reciprocating sleeve. When the reciprocating sleeve translates axially, it rotates in a first direction. As the reciprocating sleeve rotates, the at least one pawl pushes the gearwheel and causes the guided sleeve to rotate in the first direction into a new position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Scott Dahlgren, Jonathan Marshall
  • Patent number: 8360173
    Abstract: An underreamer that can be assembled easily is formed from a tubular body having a flow tube running to a distal end delivering fluid which moves an actuator against the underreamer arms which are hinged to a moveable stop block and stopped to positively seat the arm at the end of a key slot to rigidly hold the underreamer arm in full extension during operations. Once hydraulic pressure is released, a spring moves the arm down the slot to a position where the arm can be removed from the slot in the underreamer body. A lower sub assembly is affixed to the underreamer body to prevent premature back off of the lower sub. Jets are disposed on either side of the underreamer to remove cuttings from the well bore. The tool is adaptable in the field for several hole sizes by adjustment in the length of the stop block and the angle of the flat on the top side of the key.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Inventor: Allen Kent Rives