Cutter Element Shifted By Longitudinally Relatively Movable Parts Patents (Class 175/284)
  • Patent number: 9587482
    Abstract: A drill for excavating a bore in the earth includes a steerable primary boring tool, a secondary boring tool and a sensor. The steerable primary boring tool is configured to excavate a primary bore. The secondary boring tool is configured to excavate a plurality of side bores that extend outward from the primary bore at a plurality of azimuthal locations around the primary bore. The sensor is configured to detect a mineral property in the earth adjacent each of the side bores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: Elwha LLC
    Inventors: Michael H. Baym, Terry Briggs, Clark J. Gilbert, W. Daniel Hillis, Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Conor L. Myhrvold, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Tony S. Pan, Clarence T. Tegreene, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 8967300
    Abstract: A downhole tool includes a pressure activated flow switch for selectively actuating and deactuating a device, such as a reaming block. The flow switch is deployed external to the flow bore and includes a flow piston configured to reciprocate between axially opposed open and closed positions such that the device is actuated when the flow piston is in the open position and deactuated when the flow piston is in the closed position. The flow piston is configured to translate from the closed position to the open position when a differential pressure exceeds a predetermined threshold. The flow piston may be further configured to remain in the open position at differential pressures less than the threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H Dewey, John E. Campbell, Daniel LeVon
  • Patent number: 8936112
    Abstract: A downhole tool may include a generally hollow piston having a trigger element extending therefrom, the piston configured to slide along an axial cavity extending through a tubular body of the tool. The trigger element may move from a first position where the trigger engages a support on the body and the piston is fixed, to a second position where the trigger disengages and the piston is released. The tool may also include a generally tubular relief sleeve releasably coupled with the piston using a shear pin, while the trigger element is in the first position, and disposed between the trigger and an extension of the piston, to allow the sleeve to slide between the trigger and the extension after shearing of the pin. The piston, sleeve and pin may be configured to allow the sleeve to release from the piston in response to the shearing of the pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Erik Dithmar, Philippe R Fanuel, Stein Eric Moi, Luis Quintana
  • Patent number: 8863863
    Abstract: An undercutting tool for producing transverse grooves in a drilled hole. An upper support and a lower support axially delimit a receiving region of a shank. At least two spreading elements are disposed in the receiving region between the spreading elements and the receiving region. The shank and the supports are disposed so the axial distance between the supports can be reduced by exerting an axial force. The spreading elements each have an oblique upper and lower end face, which each have such an outer geometric shape, extending in a direction not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and are displaced in substantially opposite radial directions, and the axial force is in each case converted to a radial force in the radial directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Inventor: Josef Hasler
  • Publication number: 20140246236
    Abstract: Expandable reamer assemblies include an expandable reamer module and an activation module. An outer tubular body of the activation module is rigidly coupled to a tubular body of the expandable reamer module, and an activation member of the activation module is coupled to a sleeve of the expandable reamer module, the sleeve coupled to at least one blade and configured to move the at least one blade into an extended position. The sleeve moves axially responsive to axial movement of the activation member. Bottom-hole assemblies include an expandable reamer module and an activation module. The activation module is coupled to the expandable reamer module and configured to provide a motive force to the sleeve to move the sleeve opposite a direction of flow of drilling fluid. Methods of using expandable reamer modules include pairing two substantially identical expandable reamer modules and two respective different activation modules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Marcus Oesterberg, Khoi Q. Trinh, Timothy Miller, Shyam Anandampillai, Chad T. Jurica, Wolfgang Eduard Herberg, Carsten Haubold, Christopher Jakubeit, Michael Wiegmann, Jens Behnsen, Hans-Juergen Faber
  • Patent number: 8794355
    Abstract: A core barrel assembly having a driven latch mechanism that can lock the core barrel assembly axially and rotationally relative to a drill string. The driven latch mechanism can include a plurality of wedge members positioned on a plurality of driving surfaces. Rotation of the drill string can cause the plurality of wedge members to wedge between an inner diameter of the drill string and the plurality of driving surfaces, thereby rotationally locking the core barrel assembly relative to the drill string. Drilling systems including the driven latch mechanism and methods of using the driven latch mechanism are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Longyear TM, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher L. Drenth, George Iondov, George Ibrahim
  • Patent number: 8794354
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to extendable cutting tools for use in a wellbore. In one embodiment, a tool for use in a wellbore includes a tubular body having a bore therethrough, an opening through a wall thereof, and a connector at each longitudinal end thereof; and an arm. The arm is pivotally connected to a first piston and rotationally coupled to the body, is disposed in the opening in a retracted position, and is movable to an extended position where an outer surface of the arm extends outward past an outer surface of the body. The tool further includes the first piston. The first piston is disposed in the body bore, has a bore therethrough, and is operable to move the arm from the retracted position to the extended position in response to fluid pressure in the piston bore exceeding fluid pressure in the opening. The tool further includes a lock operable to retain the first piston in the retracted position; and a second piston operably coupled to the lock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.
    Inventors: Wei Jake Xu, Albert C. Odell, II, Simon J. Harrall, Thomas M. Redlinger, Christopher M. Vreeland, Andrew Antoine, David J. Brunnert, Tommy L. Laird, Michael J. Moody, Frederick T. Tilton
  • Patent number: 8720607
    Abstract: A method for hardening a portion of the outer surface of a downhole tool body includes friction stirring the vulnerable surface of the tool. Such friction stirring generally includes rotating a friction stir weld tool in contact with the surface until a portion of the tool penetrates the tool. The friction stir weld tool is then translated (while rotating) across a predetermined region of the surface thereby creating a friction stir zone. The friction stir zone is generally considerably harder, and therefore more wear resistant, than the parent material that makes up the tool body. The resulting downhole tool includes at least one surface with a hard friction stir zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Davis, Brian W. Cruickshank
  • Patent number: 8668031
    Abstract: A drill bit comprises a bit body connectable to a drill string at an first end, which bit body is provided with a longitudinal passageway extending from an opening at the first end to a port at a second end. The drill bit further comprises a closure element for closing the passageway, and when the closure element is in a closing position, the closure element is removable. Further, the closure element comprises a first and a second member that are movable relative to each other between an expanded configuration and a collapsed configuration, in which collapsed configuration, the closure element is retractable through the passageway to the first end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Douwe Johannes Runia
  • Publication number: 20140008128
    Abstract: A downhole tool and associated methods. The downhole tool includes a body with a throughbore; at least one extendable cutting member; and an actuation member. The actuation member is operatively associated with the extendable cutting member and movable relative to the body to extend the cutting member laterally from the body along an extension axis. The extension axis is offset from a radius of the body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: NOV Downhole Eurasia Limited
    Inventor: Mark Adam
  • Publication number: 20130256035
    Abstract: Expandable reamers comprise a housing and at least one blade supported by the housing. The at least one blade is movable between an extended position and a retracted position. The at least one blade is in the retracted position when a travel sleeve is in a first sleeve position and a trigger sleeve is in an unobstructed position. The at least one blade is movable to the extended position when the travel sleeve is in a second sleeve position and the trigger sleeve is in the unobstructed position. The at least one blade is in the retracted position when the travel sleeve is in the second sleeve position and the trigger sleeve is in an obstructed position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Timothy Miller, Marcus Oesterberg
  • Publication number: 20130199855
    Abstract: A downhole tool comprises a body having a slot therein, a cutting blade mounted within the body and extendible and retractable through the slot such that the outer diameter of the tool can be selectively increased, an actuation member for driving the cutting blade between the retracted and extended positions and a mounting means connecting the blade to the actuation member, said body having a tapered surface along which the blade travels such that as the blade travels along the tapered surface the blade moves radially outwardly with respect to both the body and the mounting means whilst remaining in contact with the tapered surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Pedem Limited
    Inventor: Carl Shears
  • Patent number: 8381842
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mining device can include a first housing portion and a second housing portion where relative movement between the first and second housing portions can extend and/or retract a cutting member with respect to the mining device. The mining device can further include a cable which can be mounted to the second housing portion where the cutting member is mounted to the cable and can be radially extended with respect to the first and second housing portions when the second housing portion is moved relative to the first housing portion along an axis. As the cutting member is extended, it can contact the sidewalls of a subterranean shaft to loosen material therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Inventors: Larry P. Gourley, Allen J. Gourley
  • Publication number: 20120298422
    Abstract: Expandable apparatus include a triggering element comprising an at least partially corrodible composite material. Methods are used to trigger expandable apparatus using such a triggering element and to form such triggering elements for use with expandable apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: James Andy Oxford
  • Patent number: 8281880
    Abstract: In one aspect of the present invention an expandable tool for an earth boring system comprises a mandrel comprising a tubular body and an outer diameter, a plurality of blades disposed about the outer diameter, and a slidable sleeve positioned around the outer diameter and capable of manipulating the plurality of blades into collapsed and expanded positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Scott S. Dahlgren, Jonathan Marshall
  • Patent number: 8172009
    Abstract: In one aspect of the present invention, an expandable tool for an earth boring system comprises a mandrel with a sleeve positioned around the outer surface and a blade disposed in a slot formed in the sleeve. The sleeve is also configured to slide along the tubular body. The blade comprises an interior slide groove located on an interior surface and an exterior slide groove located on an exterior surface. A sleeve protrusion is configured to extend into the interior slide groove, while a mandrel protrusion is configured to extend into the exterior slide groove. The blade is configured to shift laterally out of the slot as the sleeve slides axially, wherein the interior and exterior slide grooves are oriented at different angles and as the sleeve slides axially along the length of the mandrel, the slide grooves lock the blade in a pre-determined position through a wedging effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Jonathan Marshall, Scott Dahlgren
  • Patent number: 8122978
    Abstract: The invention is a drilling device for providing a conically shaped cavity in materials primarily used for anchoring systems. The drilling device is comprised of a solid shank for attachment to a drill, a reverse thread section, and a cutting head. The cutting head includes a cutting tip, clean out flutes, extendable cutting blades mounted within an internal chamber of cutting head body, and means for extending the cutting blades. The extendable cutting blades project from the cutting head body radially when the reverse thread section is driven into the internal chamber of the cutting head. The reverse thread section interacts with the means for extending the cutting blades. This may include a pair of cams that are spring biased outwardly. The cams push against the backsides of the extendable cutting blades for driving them from the cutting head body when the drill device is counter rotated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Inventor: John Clifford
  • Patent number: 8122977
    Abstract: A cutting device for downhole operations includes a first cutting structure, and a second cutting structure, wherein at least the second cutting structure is selectively presentable for operation. A method of performing a downhole cutting operation comprises running into a well bore a cutting device including a plurality of cutting structures, performing a first cutting operation with a first cutting structure of the cutting device, moving the first cutting structure to selectively present a second cutting structure of the cutting device, and performing a second cutting operation with at least the second cutting structure. The method may further include aligning movable cutting structures of the cutting device to allow the second cutting structure to be selectively presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H. Dewey, Praful C. Desai
  • Publication number: 20110278071
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mining device can include a first housing portion and a second housing portion where relative movement between the first and second housing portions can extend and/or retract a cutting member with respect to the mining device. The mining device can further include a cable which can be mounted to the second housing portion where the cutting member is mounted to the cable and can be radially extended with respect to the first and second housing portions when the second housing portion is moved relative to the first housing portion along an axis. As the cutting member is extended, it can contact the sidewalls of a subterranean shaft to loosen material therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Inventors: Larry P. Gourley, Allen J. Gourley
  • Publication number: 20110240374
    Abstract: A method for hardening a portion of the outer surface of a downhole tool body includes friction stirring the vulnerable surface of the tool. Such friction stirring generally includes rotating a friction stir weld tool in contact with the surface until a portion of the tool penetrates the tool. The friction stir weld tool is then translated (while rotating) across a predetermined region of the surface thereby creating a friction stir zone. The friction stir zone is generally considerably harder, and therefore more wear resistant, than the parent material that makes up the tool body. The resulting downhole tool includes at least one surface with a hard friction stir zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Richard Davis, Brian W. Cruickshank
  • Patent number: 7997356
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mining device can include a first housing portion and a second housing portion where relative movement between the first and second housing portions can extend and/or retract a cutting member with respect to the mining device. The mining device can further include a cable which can be mounted to the second housing portion where the cutting member is mounted to the cable and can be radially extended with respect to the first and second housing portions when the second housing portion is moved relative to the first housing portion along an axis. As the cutting member is extended, it can contact the sidewalls of a subterranean shaft to loosen material therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Inventors: Larry P. Gourley, Allen J. Gourley
  • Patent number: 7954564
    Abstract: A secondary cutting structure for sure in a drilling assembly, the secondary cutting structure including a tubular body and a block, extendable from the tubular body, the block including a first arrangement of cutting elements disposed on a first blade and a second arrangement of cutting elements disposed on a second blade, wherein the second arrangement is a modified redundant arrangement. Also, a secondary cutting structure for use in a drilling assembly, the secondary cutting structure including a leading blade disposed on a first block and a trailing blade disposed on the first block adjacent the leading blade. Additionally, the secondary cutting structure includes a unique blade disposed on a second block, wherein a gage portion of at least one of the blades has a length between 30% and 45% of a total blade length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Navish Makkar, Wei Tang, Gordon Whipple, Tommy Laird, Gail Nelson
  • Patent number: 7918280
    Abstract: A communication tool apparatus is described which is adapted to provide selective communication of control fluid through a downhole tool, such as a safety valve. The downhole safety valve is a tubing retrievable subsurface safety valve (“TRSSSV”). The communication tool may be run downhole and within the TRSSSV. Once within the TRSSSV, the communication tool apparatus activates a cutting device within the TRSSSV such that communication of control fluid through the TRSSSV is possible. A replacement safety valve run on a wireline may then be inserted into the TRSSSV and be operated via the control fluid line, as a new communication path created by the communication tool described herein. A method of using the communication tool apparatus is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Jason C. Mailand, Bahr A. Glenn
  • Patent number: 7823632
    Abstract: A methodology and apparatus for cutting shape(s) or profile(s) through well tubular(s), or for completely circumferentially severing through multiple tubulars, including all tubing, pipe, casing, liners, cement, other material encountered in tubular annuli. This rigless apparatus utilizes a computer-controlled, downhole robotic three-axis rotary mill to effectively generate a shape(s) or profile(s) through, or to completely sever in a 360 degree horizontal plane wells with multiple, nested strings of tubulars whether the tubulars are concentrically aligned or eccentrically aligned. This is useful for well abandonment and decommissioning where complete severance is necessitated and explosives are prohibited, or in situations requiring a precise window or other shape to be cut through a single tubular or plurality of tubulars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Completion Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wesley Mark McAfee, Mark Franklin Alley
  • Patent number: 7770664
    Abstract: An expandable underreamer apparatus disposed on a distal end of a drillstring and configured to drill a formation includes a substantially tubular main body adjacent a cutting head, the main body providing at least one axial recess configured to receive an arm assembly, and the arm assembly configured to translate between a retracted position and an extended position. The apparatus further includes a plurality of cutting elements disposed on the arm assembly, and a plurality of wear indicators imbedded in at least one arm assembly and positioned behind the cutting elements with respect to a direction of rotation of the arm assembly, wherein the wear indicators are configured to provide an increased torque to the drillstring upon contacting the formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Tommy Laird, Gordon Whipple
  • Patent number: 7770670
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mining device can include a first housing portion and a second housing portion where relative movement between the first and second housing portions can extend and/or retract a cutting member with respect to the mining device. The mining device can further include a cable which can be mounted to the second housing portion where the cutting member is mounted to the cable and can be radially extended with respect to the first and second housing portions when the second housing portion is moved relative to the first housing portion along an axis. As the cutting member is extended, it can contact the sidewalls of a subterranean shaft to loosen material therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Inventors: Larry P. Gourley, Allen J. Gourley
  • Patent number: 7753139
    Abstract: A cutting device for downhole operations comprises a first cutting structure, and a second cutting structure, wherein at least the second cutting structure is selectively presentable for operation. A method of performing a downhole cutting operation comprises running into a well bore a cutting device comprising a plurality of cutting structures, performing a first cutting operation with a first cutting structure of the cutting device, selectively presenting a second cutting structure of the cutting device, and performing a second cutting operation with at least the second cutting structure. The method may further comprise aligning the cutting device to allow the second cutting structure to be selectively presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H. Dewey, Praful C. Desai
  • Publication number: 20100108394
    Abstract: A downhole tool (10?) comprises a body (12?) having a longitudinal axis and a body through-bore (14?), a slot (34?) communicating the outside of the body with the body through-bore. A sleeve actuator (30?) mandrel also has a bore and is selectively axially slidable in the body through-bore. A hollow bar (36?) is slidable with a radial component in the slot. At least two levers (210), each pivoted to the mandrel (about a first axis perpendicular the longitudinal axis) extend into the hollow bar and are pivoted thereto (about a second axis parallel the first axis). The levers lie in an actuation plane perpendicular the first and second axes and containing the slot. The levers are disposed at an inclined angle with respect to the longitudinal axis so that longitudinal motion of the mandrel translates into radial movement of the bar.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2008
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: REAMERCO LIMITED
    Inventors: Andrew Ollerenshaw, Mark Russell
  • Patent number: 7694740
    Abstract: A communication tool apparatus is described which is adapted to provide selective communication of control fluid through a downhole device such as a safety valve. The downhole safety valve is a tubing retrievable subsurface safety valve (“TRSSSV”). The communication tool may be run downhole and within the TRSSSV. Once within the TRSSSV, the communication tool apparatus activates a cutting device within the TRSSSV such that communication of control fluid through the TRSSSV is possible. A replacement safety valve run on a wireline may then be inserted into the TRSSSV and be operated via the control fluid line, as a new communication path created by the communication tool described herein. A method of using the communication tool apparatus is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: BJ Services Company
    Inventors: Jason C. Mailand, Bahr A. Glenn
  • Publication number: 20090314548
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, a drilling tool includes a tubular body defining a longitudinal axial cavity extending therethrough and defining at least one cutter element recess. The drilling tool also includes a cutter element at least partially disposed within the at least one cutter element recess and includes at least first and second cutting arms at least substantially disposed within the cutter element recess in a retracted position. The first and second cutting arms are operable to move from the retracted position to an extended position in which the first and second cutting arms extend at least partially beyond a periphery of the tubular body. The first and second cutting arms and the tubular body enclose a space when the first and second cutting arms are in the extended position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Publication date: December 24, 2009
    Inventors: Philippe FANUEL, Jean-Pierre LASSOIE, Olivier MAGEREN, Luis QUINTANA, Erik Stein MOI, Erik DITHMAR
  • Patent number: 7597158
    Abstract: An expandable drilling apparatus is deployed upon a distal end of a drillstring and includes a cutting head and a substantially tubular main body adjacent the cutting head providing a plurality of axial recesses configured to receive arm assemblies configured to translate between a retracted and an extended position. A flow switch actuates the arm assemblies when a drilling fluid pressure exceeds an activation value and the drilling apparatus includes a biasing member to reset the arm assemblies when the drilling fluid pressure falls below a reset value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Campbell, Charles H. Dewey, Lance D. Underwood, Ronald G. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 7467661
    Abstract: A downhole perforator assembly (10) for establishing communication between the interior of a tubular string (18) and a surrounding annulus (24) includes a downhole power unit (100) having a power unit housing (150) and a moveable shaft (130) and a downhole perforator (260) having a perforator housing (262), a mandrel (278) slidably positioned within the perforator housing (262) and a penetrator (288) radially outwardly extendable from the perforator housing (262). The power unit housing (150) is operably associated with the perforator housing (262) and the moveable shaft (130) operably associated with the mandrel (278) such that when the downhole power unit (100) is activated and the moveable shaft (130) is longitudinally shifted relative to the power unit housing (150), the mandrel (278) is longitudinally shifted relative to the perforator housing (262) and at least a portion of the penetrator (288) is extended radially outwardly from the perforator housing (262).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Alistair Gordon, Tom Chandler, John Waddington, Johnny Mack Dove, William L. Vidrine, Glen Hall, Jack Gammill Clemens
  • Publication number: 20080236897
    Abstract: An expandable downhole tool such as an under-reamer or a stabiliser comprises a mandrel mounted for linear slidable movement relative to a main body. A fixed guide takes the form of a spline bar is disposed in an axial recess and is restrained from movement longitudinally and laterally. To retain the spline bar in position, lock blocks are provided and can be bolted to a surrounding housing of the main body in which axial recess is formed, by means of lock pins. The longitudinally slidable mandrel has two axially spaced cut-out recesses, into which can be received the lower ends of travel blocks. Cutter block has obliquely outwardly extending guide ways which are slidably mounted on similarly shaped slide ramps projecting outwardly from the spline bar. Upon increase of hydraulic pressure from below the tool, the mandrel is urged to the left against its spring biasing from the deactivated position to take up an axially displaced position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2007
    Publication date: October 2, 2008
    Inventor: Paul Bernard Lee
  • Publication number: 20080135299
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for characterizing a subsurface formation is provided. The apparatus includes a tool body, a probe assembly carried by the tool body for sealing off a region of the borehole wall, an actuator for moving the probe assembly between a retracted position for conveyance of the tool body and a deployed position for sealing off a region of the borehole wall and a perforator extending through the probe assembly for penetrating a portion of the sealed-off region of the borehole wall. The tool may be provided with first and second drilling shafts with bits for penetrating various surfaces. The method involves sealing off a region of a wall of an open borehole penetrating the formation, creating a perforation through a portion of the sealed-off region of the borehole wall and testing the formation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2008
    Publication date: June 12, 2008
    Applicant: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Troy Fields, Oivind Brockmeier, Edward Harrigan, Bunker Hill, Charles Fensky, Ali Eghbali, Christopher Del Campo
  • Patent number: 7353889
    Abstract: An apparatus for bursting pipe is preferably adapted to receive rotational energy from the inner member of a dual-member drill string. In a preferred embodiment, a plurality of pipe-bursting members, driven by the interconnected inner members, cut or burst a subterranean pipe. In another preferred embodiment, a plurality of screw drives move the pipe-bursting members between an expanded position and a retracted position in response to rotation of the interconnected inner members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: The Charles Machine Works, Inc.
    Inventors: Floyd R. Gunsaulis, Kelvin P. Self
  • Patent number: 7350596
    Abstract: A borehole reamer which may be deployed to a desired depth in an existing uncased borehole or below existing casing and used to substantially expand the diameter of the borehole. The diameter may be expanded by an amount that ranges from a fraction to a multiple of the original diameter of the borehole. In this fashion, geological formations containing oil, gas or groundwater which were previously uneconomical to produce may be worked into a condition of economical production. In a preferred embodiment, the borehole reamer is formed as an elongated assembly having an outside diameter which is sized to fit within a diameter of a conventional borehole. The assembly is preferably attached to drill pipe and lowered into a borehole to an appropriate depth corresponding to a pay zone of interest. A lower portion of the assembly, which is located at the deeper depth in the borehole, is constructed in the form of a bellows which functions as a pilot/anchor for the assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Inventor: James S. Attaya
  • Patent number: 7143847
    Abstract: Drilling apparatus, such as an underreamer (20) comprises a generally cylindrical tubular body (22) and two cutting blades (26, 27) pivotally mounted to the body and movable between a retracted position and an extended position. Each cutting blade has a retracted position minimum gauge cutting portion (36) and an extended position maximum gauge cutting portion (35), with the blades in the extended position the gauge cutting portions (35) extending axially and being located in a transverse plane on or forward of the blade pivot axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2006
    Assignee: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.
    Inventor: Giancarlo Pia
  • Patent number: 6851491
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to downhole tools. More particularly, the invention relates to a locking mechanism for use on a downhole tool. A flow actuated locking mechanism is provided for a downhole tool that includes an annular, two-position sleeve having an unlocked position and a locked position. A pin assembly within the tool is used to retain the sleeve in the locked position. In one aspect of the invention, the locking mechanism is used on a reaming tool with extendable cutters that are extendable from the body of the tool to increase the diameter of the tool and aid in forming a wellbore therearound. The locking mechanism prevents the cutters from collapsing or closing as the reamer is moved axially in the wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.
    Inventor: Gregory Marshall
  • Patent number: 6722452
    Abstract: An underreamer for forming a cavity within a well bore includes a housing adapted to be rotatably disposed within the well bore and a piston slidably coupled to the housing. The underreamer also includes a first cutter having a first end and a second end. The first end of the first cutter is pivotally coupled to the housing. The underreamer further includes a second cutter having a first end and a second end. The first end of the second cutter is coupled to the piston. The second end of the first cutter is coupled to the second cutter such that an axial force applied to the piston is operable to slide the piston relative to the housing and extend the second end of the second cutter radially outward relative to the housing from a retracted position to form the cavity when the housing is rotated relative to the well bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: CDX Gas, LLC
    Inventors: Monty H. Rial, Lawrence W. Diamond, Joseph A. Zupanick, Harold E. Payne
  • Publication number: 20040011560
    Abstract: An underreamer for forming a cavity from within a well bore includes a housing adapted to be disposed within the well bore. The underreamer includes an actuator partially slidably positioned in the housing. The actuator comprises a first portion and a second portion. A cross-sectional area of the second portion is larger than a cross-sectional area of the first portion. The underreamer includes at least one cutter set, wherein each cutter set has a first end and a second end. The first end of each cutter set is pivotally coupled to the housing. The second end of each cutter set is pivotally coupled to a connector. An axial force applied to the actuator is operable to slide the actuator relative to the housing causing the second portion of the actuator to contact each cutter set and extend each cutter set radially outward relative to the housing from a retracted position to a first position. The actuator may also include a stop member proximate an end of the actuator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2002
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Applicant: CDX Gas, LLC
    Inventors: Monty H. Rial, Joseph A. Zupanick
  • Patent number: 6668949
    Abstract: An underreamer (5) is formed from a tubular body (10) having a longitudinal bore therethrough, and providing an integral piston actuator (20) responsive to hydraulic pressure to move cutters (40) into engagement with the well bore and springs (60) to resist premature engagement of the cutter arms (40) and to return the cutters (40) to the body upon conclusion of the underreaming job. Skewed longitudinal grooves (45) are formed in the tubular body thereby permitting the flowpath through the underreamer to provide substantially the same inner diameter throughout the tool (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Inventor: Allen Kent Rives
  • Patent number: 6655474
    Abstract: A drill for drilling wide diameter and high depth holes in the soil including a base machine (1) having a rotary (2) that is equipped with a clamp (9) and, by means of translation cylinders (8), rotates and axially moves a series of drill stem (7) having a tool (6) at the free end thereof, includes: an hydraulic joint (3) linked to the rotary (2); at least a winch (4) linked to the hydraulic joint (3) and provided with at least a wire rope (18); a carrier canister (5) slidely connected with the stem (7) between the rotary (2) and the tool (6) by means of at least the wire rope (18); at least a winch (4), a wire rope (18), a carrier canister (5) are rotated together with the stem (7) of the rotary (2) in correspondence of an operating condition of the drill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2003
    Assignee: I.M.T. S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giulio Accorroni
  • Patent number: 6615933
    Abstract: A downhole tool (10) for mounting on a drill string comprises: a mandrel (16); a body (18) axially movably mounted on the mandrel; and radially extendable members, such as stabiliser blades or cutters (30), mounted in the body and being operatively associated with the mandrel such that relative axial movement of the mandrel and body induces radial movement of the members. Application of axial tension to the tool produces axial movement of the body relative to the mandrel, tending to retract the members from an extended configuration. The mandrel may be arranged to draw the members inwardly to permit positive retraction of the members from an extended configuration. Further, the body may define a channel (32) and the mandrel and the members include an arrangement (38, 39, 40, 42) for maintaining a desired orientation of the members relative to the body channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2003
    Assignee: Andergauge Limited
    Inventor: Alan Martyn Eddison
  • Publication number: 20030146023
    Abstract: Drilling apparatus, such as an underreamer (20) comprises a generally cylindrical tubular body (22) and two cutting blades (26, 27) pivotally mounted to the body and movable between a retracted position and an extended position. Each cutting blade has a retracted position minimum gauge cutting portion (36) and an extended position maximum gauge cutting portion (35), with the blades in the extended position the gauge cutting portions (35) extending axially and being located in a transverse plane on or forward of the blade pivot axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2002
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventor: Giancarlo Pia
  • Patent number: 6591922
    Abstract: An underreamer for forming a cavity within a well bore may include a housing rotatably disposed within the well bore. The underreamer may also include an actuation rod slidably positioned in the housing. The underreamer may further include a plurality of cutter sets nested together around the actuation rod while the cutter sets are in a retracted position where each cutter set is pivotally coupled to the housing and the actuation rod. The cutter sets are also pivotally coupled together. An axial force applied to the actuation rod operates to slide the actuation rod relative to the housing and extend the cutter sets radially outward relative to the housing to form the cavity when the housing is rotated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: CDX Gas, LLC
    Inventors: Monty H. Rial, Lawrence W. Diamond, Harold E. Payne
  • Patent number: 6189631
    Abstract: A tool for expanding a hole size while drilling tool is disclosed. The tool utilizes a mechanically actuated mandrel and extendable cutting lugs designed in a configuration with fewer moving parts than previous designs. The cutting lugs have multiple cutting elements attached. The cutting lugs are driven between two cylindrical diameter surfaces to achieve a large differential between the retracted and extended positions of the tool, and to provide sufficient stability to allow the tool to be used in the extended position while drilling forward. The lugs are internally assembled and tapered to closely match the slots in the body of the tool for additional stability and to prevent complete passage through the tool for prevention of catastrophic failure. The tool has a locking mechanism to allow the tool to remain in the extended position when the weight is removed from the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Inventor: Adel Sheshtawy
  • Patent number: 5103921
    Abstract: There is provided a new and useful coring assembly for mounting on the end of a drill string and comprising a core barrel; abrading means on at least a part of the core barrel; a reaming collar mounted about a lower section of the core barrel and selectable between a first condition in which the collar is rotatable with the barrel and a second condition in which the collar is rotatable relative to and slidable longitudinally relative to the core barrel; a housing suspended from the core barrel; a deflection crank extending between the housing and the core barrel; and means within the housing for transferring power from a power source to the crank for selectively rotating the crank for moving the core barrel between a first position in which the core barrel and the housing are aligned and a second position in which the barrel and the housing are not aligned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Sidetrack Coring Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Robert L. Zeer, Alex Mihai
  • Patent number: 5090480
    Abstract: An underreamer tool has a body with upper and lower portions having an upper cutter blade slot extending transversely through the upper portion and a lower cutter blade slot extending transversely through the lower portion at a right angle thereto. The upper and lower portions have central bores separated by a wall and connected by upper and lower fluid flow passageways bypassing the cutter blade slots. An upper pair of cutter blades mounted in the upper cutter blade slot and a lower pair of cutter blades mounted in the lower cutter blade slot move between a retracted position within the slots and an extended position outward therefrom. An upper piston in the central bore above the upper cutter blade slot has its bottom end engaged on the upper cutter blades and a lower piston in the central bore above the lower cutter blade slot has its bottom end engaged on the lower cutter blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Assignee: Slimdril International, Inc.
    Inventors: Fred J. Pittard, Jimmy D. Fultz
  • Patent number: 5009274
    Abstract: A drilling tool is followed by a casing tube (11) down the drilled hole. The mouth of the casing tube (11) centers rotatably a guide member (10) which receives rotation and impact energy via the interior of the casing tube (11). A drill bit (20) consists integrally of an axially protruding pilot portion (23), a sidewise projecting eccentric portion (22) and a rear shaft (21). The shaft (21) extends pivotally and axially movably into an eccentrically disposed bore (24) in the guide member (10). Axially spaced peripheral end grooves (30,32) extend in opposite direction from an axial cam groove (31) on the shaft (21) and are engaged by a follower (28) in the guide member (10) defining positively the axial and angular movability and positions thereof relative to the drill bit (20). In the forward end groove (32) the follower (28) maintains the drill bit (20) axially in drilling position (FIG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: Uniroc Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Stig U. Lof
  • Patent number: 4842082
    Abstract: An apparatus for use in energy exploration is disclosed which is used where a radially expanding device is required, for example in a stabilizer, retriever or an underreamer. The apparatus comprises a support tubular member for connection to a drilling string, the member supporting a movable member which is axially movable along the member. A further member which may either be fixedly secured or also axially movable along the member is axially spaced from the movable member. The movable member and, optionally, the further member have tapered outer surfaces which cooperate with a taper on a radially movable member. The arrangement is such that movement of the movable member in the axial direction is such that the cooperating tapers cause the radially movable member to expand or contact in the radial direction. Various means for securing and performing radial movement are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: Smith International (North Sea) Limited
    Inventor: Johann Springer