Patents Represented by Attorney Clyde L. Tootle
  • Patent number: 4358564
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for controlling viscosity during the preparation of modified or grafted low viscosity polyethylene and ethylene/alpha olefin waxes comprising reacting the low viscosity waxes with an unsaturated polycarboxylic component in the presence of a free radical source and at least one viscosity stabilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: William A. Ames
  • Patent number: 4358557
    Abstract: The hot-melt adhesives of the present invention comprise a blend of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, hydrocarbon tackifier resin, aromatic low softening point tackifying resin and paraffin wax. These hot-melt adhesive compositions provide adhesives especially useful for bonding polyethylene film to a nonwoven support. The bonds provided by this adhesive have a novel combination of properties such as good static shear lap bond strength, low elongation and good elevated temperature properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Brenda J. Boggs
  • Patent number: 4342850
    Abstract: This invention relates to improved processes for hydrocarbon resin preparation. More particularly, the invention relates to treating the C.sub.5 and higher mixed thermally soaked hydrocarbon fraction mixture obtained in the steam cracking of propane and ethane with alumina prior to polymerizing the hydrocarbon fraction mixture with a Friedel-Crafts catalyst to form a high softening point hydrocarbon resin. The polymerized resin is then quenched or diluted, washed to remove catalyst residues, dried and hydrogenated to provide high softening point hydrocarbon resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Robert P. Allen, Albert C. Ruggles
  • Patent number: 4338230
    Abstract: This invention relates to the emulsifiable polyolefin waxes which are prepared by reacting pivalolactone with a polyolefin wax containing carboxyl groups and the process for their preparation whereby the carboxyl groups are converted into carboxylate anions and grafted with pivalolactone to prepare emulsifiable waxes having improved properties. Polyolefin waxes which contain carboxyl groups include oxidized high, medium and low density polyethylene waxes, oxidized ethylene/alpha-olefin waxes, ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer waxes, ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer waxes and high, medium and low density polyethylene, polypropylene and ethylene/alpha-olefin copolymer waxes which have been grafted or reacted with an unsaturated polycarboxylic component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: William A. Ames
  • Patent number: 4329270
    Abstract: This invention is directed to blends of polymers of 2-substituted norbornenes such as poly(2-methoxycarbonyl-5-norbornene) and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride). These blends provide plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) compositions having high clarity as well as improved low temperature flexibility and improved low temperature impact strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Max F. Meyer, Jr., Richard L. McConnell, Frederick B. Joyner
  • Patent number: 4329294
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, 17.alpha.-hydroxy-20-ketosteroids are prepared by the oxidation of 20-ketosteriods, such as 3-methoxy-pregna-3,5-dien-20-one. The 3-methoxypregna-3,5-dien-20-one is prepared from progesterone by methods well known in the art. The pregn-20-ones, such as 3-methoxypregna-3,5-dien-20-one, are oxidized with oxygen or air using a base catalyst in the presence of a phosphite reducing agent in a suitable solvent. The base catalyst consists of an alkali metal tert-alkoxide, which can be prepared from an alkali metal and a tert-alkanol. The oxidation reaction can be carried out at any temperature from about -20.degree. C. to about 50.degree. C. and for a period of 2-20 hours depending on the temperature at which the reaction is carried out. For example, at ambient temperature the rate of oxidation is sufficiently fast to complete the oxidation in 2 to 4 hours. This method for preparing 17.alpha.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Charles A. McCombs
  • Patent number: 4328162
    Abstract: The present invention provides a non-fermentation process for placing unsaturation at the 9,11 position in a steroidal compound. Also, the present invention provides a process whereby the modified steroidal compound can be separated from the reaction mixture without the use of chromatography. More specifically, the present invention provides a process whereby a steroid compound such as 17-.alpha.-hydroxy-progesterone is reacted to form the meta iodoaryl benzoate. The iodoarylbenzoate is then irradiated with visible light in the presence of an alkyl-m-iodobenzoate dichloride to form the 9.alpha.-chloro steroid derivative. The chlorinated steroid derivative can then be hydrolized to provide a 9.alpha.-chloro steroidal alcohol and m-iodobenzoic acid. The m-iodobenzoic acid is extracted by the use of an aqueous base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: John A. Hyatt, Charles A. McCombs
  • Patent number: 4325880
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a simple process for converting sterol i-methyl ethers to sterols. More particularly, the invention is directed to a process for converting sterol i-methyl esters to the corresponding sterols by refluxing the sterol i-methyl ethers in aqueous acetic acid to provide conversion to sterols at high yields. This provides a simple process for converting sterol i-methyl ethers to sterols which can be important for preparing valuable steroids such as the corticosteroids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Charles H. Foster
  • Patent number: 4326065
    Abstract: The invention relates to heterocyclic ester compounds which have been found to be extremely effective ultraviolet stabilizers. The invention also relates to ultraviolet degradable organic compositions containing an amount of a heterocyclic ester composition to prevent such degradation. These stabilizers are effective in the presence of other additives commonly employed in polymeric compositions including, for example, pigments, colorants, fillers, reinforcing agents and the like. These ultraviolet stabilizers may also be incorporated into the organic compositions such as polymers by adding to the polymer melt or dissolved in the polymer dope, coated on the exterior of the shaped or molded article, film or extruded fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Gether Irick, Jr., Charles A. Kelly
  • Patent number: 4325878
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, 21-lower alkoxyoxalylprogesterone is prepared in high yield by the lower alkoxyoxalylation of 3-methoxypregna-3,5-diene-20-one. The 3-methoxypregna-3,5-diene-20-one is prepared from progesterone by methods well known in the art. The 3-methoxypregna-3,5-diene-20-one is lower alkoxyoxalylated with an alkoxide base and the corresponding lower alkyloxalate in a suitable solvent. The alkoxide base consists of a lower alkoxide with an alkali metal counter ion. The lower alkyl group of both the alkoxide and oxalate should be the same and also are the same as the group to be added to the 21 position of the 20-keto steroid, the lower alkyl group contains 1 to 6 carbon atoms. The lower alkoxyoxalylation reaction can be carried at any temperature below the boiling point of the solvent and for a period of 2-20 hours depending on the temperature at which the reaction is carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Charles A. McCombs
  • Patent number: 4325997
    Abstract: This invention is directed to processable cellulose esters having excellent adhesion to metal substrates and weatherability. These commercially useful cellulose ester compositions can be molded, extruded over metal foils, shaped and otherwise processed in a thermoplastic condition at elevated temperatures to provide products having improved ultraviolet light stability or weatherability and good color stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Richard J. Brewer, Richard T. Bogan
  • Patent number: 4316990
    Abstract: In the present invention aliphatic aldehydes are condensed to form .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated aldehydes by use of a heterogeneous catalyst. Such process uses an anatase titanium dioxide catalyst in a fixed bed process under mild temperature conditions to yield high conversions and high yields, and which also eliminates the catalyst removal steps required by conventional processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Don L. Morris
  • Patent number: 4310639
    Abstract: A block copolymer consisting essentially of crystalline polymerized propylene segments joined to crystalline segments of polymerized .alpha.-mono-olefinic hydrocarbon other than propylene. These block copolymers have an inherent viscosity in Tetralin at 145.degree. C. of from about 0.4 to 2.4, a density of at least 0.85, a brittle point below 0.degree. C. and contain at least 80 percent, by weight, of polymerized propylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1965
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1982
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Hugh J. Hagemeyer, Jr., Marvin B. Edwards
  • Patent number: 4308194
    Abstract: The invention relates to heterocyclic benzoate compounds which have been found to be effective ultraviolet stabilizers. The invention also relates to ultraviolet degradable organic compositions containing an amount of a heterocyclic benzoate composition to prevent such degradation. These stabilizers are effective in the presence of other additives commonly employed in polymeric compositions including, for example, pigments, colorants, fillers, reinforcing agents and the like. These ultraviolet stabilizers may be incorporated into the organic compositions such as polymers by adding to the polymer melt or dissolved in the polymer dope, coated on the exterior of the shaped or molded article, film or extruded fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Gether Irick, Jr., Charles A. Kelly
  • Patent number: 4299930
    Abstract: The hot melt adhesives of the present invention comprise a blend of at least one modified polyethylene resin, an ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer, a tackifying resin, and an ethylene/propylene rubber. This hot melt adhesive has a novel combination of properties including excellent elevated temperature properties which also provides excellent adhesion to nonporous substrates such as fluorocarbon treated paper which is used as an oil and grease barrier in multiwall bags.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Brenda J. Boggs
  • Patent number: 4299745
    Abstract: The hot-melt adhesives of the present invention comprise a blend of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers, tackifier resin, modified polyethylene and microcrystalline wax. These hot-melt adhesive compositions provide adhesives having a novel combination of properties such as high tensile, low elongation and good bonding properties for adhering polyethylene film to nonwoven substrates such as disposable diapers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Darryl A. Godfrey
  • Patent number: 4297465
    Abstract: This invention relates to improved catalysts for the polymerization of propylene and higher .alpha.-olefin in a high temperature solution process comprising (1) a beta amino carboxylic ester, (2) an aluminum trialkyl and (3) a transition metal halide. More particularly, this invention relates to catalysts for the catalytic high temperature solution polymerization of .alpha.-mono-olefins containing at least 3 carbon atoms to form solid, highly crystalline polymers. More specifically, the catalysts of the present invention produce polypropylene in a high temperature solution process at very high polymer to catalysts yields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Thomas W. Smith
  • Patent number: 4288358
    Abstract: This invention relates to blends of plasticizing oils and compatible tackifiers with olefin copolymers containing propylene, either 1-butene or 1-pentene and 3 to 14 mole percent of at least one C.sub.6 to C.sub.10 linear .alpha.-olefin which are useful as hot-melt, pressure-sensitive adhesives. The unmodified copolymer base resins have melt viscosities in the range of 10,000 cp up to about 1,000,000 cp at 190.degree. C. The addition of the plasticizing oils and compatible tackifiers to the copolymer base resin causes a dramatic and unexpected increase in the shear adhesion failure time in addition to improved coatability as well as substantial increases in probe tack and peel adhesion values of the copolymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jimmy R. Trotter, Richard L. McConnell, Frederick B. Joyner
  • Patent number: 4281129
    Abstract: The invention relates to piperidinyl hydrogen 2-hydroxyalkyl phosphates which have been found to be effective ultraviolet stabilizers. The invention also relates to piperidinyl hydrogen 2-hydroxyalkyl phosphate salts which have been found to be effective ultraviolet stabilizers. The invention also relates to ultraviolet degradable organic compositions containing a stabilizing amount of the piperidinyl hydrogen 2-hydroxyalkyl phosphates or salts thereof to prevent such degradation. These stabilizers are effective in the presence of other additives commonly employed in polymeric compositions including, for example, pigments, colorants, fillers, reinforcing agents and the like. These ultraviolet stabilizers may also be incorporated into the organic compositions in the polymer melt or dissolved in the polymer dope, or coated on the exterior of the molded article, film or extruded fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Gether Irick, Jr., Richard H. S. Wang
  • Patent number: 4279828
    Abstract: A process for separating 3-hydroxy steroids from mixtures of lipids by combining a solution of the sterol-containing mixture in isopropanol or other similar alcoholic solvents with a slurry or solution of calcium dichloride in isopropanol or other similar alcoholic solvents. The complexed sterols are isolated by evaporating the alcoholic solvents, washing the residue with a hydrocarbon solvent and filtration. The sterols can be subsequently liberated from the complex by treatment with an aqueous/alcohol and isolated by filtration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1981
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Charles H. Foster