Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Darla P. Fonseca
  • Patent number: 8319498
    Abstract: A microresistivity logging tool includes a dual function electrode deployed between a guard electrode and a return electrode. A drive circuit enables the electrical potential of the dual function electrode to be independently controlled so as to control a depth of investigation of a microresistivity measurement. The depth of investigation tends to increase with increasing electrical potential of the dual function electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Tsili Wang
  • Patent number: 8305083
    Abstract: Methods for making calibrated microresistivity logging measurements in nonconductive drilling fluid are disclosed. A calibrated measurement parameter (e.g., a calibrated electrical impedance or a calibrated potential difference) is obtained and further utilized to compute a formation resistivity. The methods tend to be particularly well suited for drilling applications in which the borehole environment is highly resistive (i.e., boreholes in which both the drilling fluid and the formation have a high resistivity).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Tsili Wang
  • Patent number: 8294467
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method to produce an image of a subsurface formation using directional measurements. A downhole logging tool having one or more transmitters and one or more receivers, and being capable of making directional measurements, is used to measure the voltage in a particular receiver due to a particular transmitter for one or more transmitter/receiver pairs, at least one of those voltage measurements being a directional measurement. The complex (phasor) voltage recorded on a receiver coil is divided by the complex voltage recorded at another reference receiver coil. Alternatively, we can use the ratio of a receiver voltage at a particular rotation angle of the tool divided by the voltage on the same receiver when the tool has rotated by an angle of 180 degrees. The information in those ratios is combined to produce images of the resistivity of the subsurface formation surrounding the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Gerald Minerbo, Sofia Davydycheva, Jian Yang
  • Patent number: 8249812
    Abstract: To characterize an earth subterranean structure using a measurement assembly including electromagnetic (EM) receivers and one or more EM sources, measured voltage data collected by EM receivers in response to transmission by one or more EM sources is received. Based on a model, predicted EM data is computed. Inversion is iteratively performed according to a function that computes a difference between the measured voltage data and a product of a term containing the predicted EM data and a term containing distortion data that accounts at least for distortion effect by an environment of the measurement assembly. The inversion is iteratively performed to solve for parameters of the model and the distortion data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Aria Abubakar, Tarek Habashy, David Alumbaugh, Ping Zhang, Guozhong Gao, Jianguo Liu
  • Patent number: 8207738
    Abstract: A downhole measurement tool includes at least one non-planar antenna configured for transmitting and/or receiving electromagnetic radiation. The non-planar antenna includes at least one non-planar loop of antenna wire deployed about a tool body. In one exemplary embodiment, the non-planar antenna may be thought of as being bi-planar in that it includes first and second sections defining first and second intercepting geometric planes. In another exemplary embodiment, the axial separation between the non-planar loop of antenna wire and a circular centerline of the antenna varies substantially sinusoidally with respect to an azimuth angle about the circumference of the tool. Exemplary non-planar antennae in accordance with the invention may be advantageously configured to transceive substantially pure x-, y-, and z-mode radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Smith International Inc.
    Inventor: Tsili Wang
  • Patent number: 8193813
    Abstract: A logging tool and method to make subsurface measurements is disclosed, wherein the tool is placed within a borehole penetrating a formation. The tool has a transmitter antenna and a receiver antenna spaced apart along a longitudinal axis of the tool, and at least one of the transmitter or receiver antennas has a dipole moment that is non-coaxial with the longitudinal axis of the tool. The at least one non-coaxial antenna can rotate relative to the other antenna. Energy is transmitted from the transmitter antenna and a signal associated with the transmitted energy is measured at the receiver antenna while the at least one non-coaxial antenna rotates relative to the other antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Jean Seydoux, Reza Taherian
  • Patent number: 8154950
    Abstract: A method for displaying geologic stress includes determining magnitudes and directions of principal stresses at at least one a selected location. An analog symbol is generated for each magnitude and direction of the principal stresses. The analog symbols include a magnitude descriptor and a direction descriptor. The analog symbols are stored or displayed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Denis Heliot, Yan Gongrui, Jean Desroches
  • Patent number: 8129673
    Abstract: A method for logging a subsurface formation includes acquiring neutron capture data using a pulsed neutron tool at a plurality of locations along a borehole penetrating the subsurface formation, wherein the plurality of locations include a formation zone that contains water; comparing an apparent water salinity or an apparent water sigma value estimated from the neutron capture data acquired in the formation zone that contains water with a water salinity or water sigma value of a water sample from the subsurface formation to produce a calibration parameter for the neutron capture data; and correcting the neutron capture data, based on the calibration parameter, to produce corrected neutron capture data. The method may further include determining a water saturation from the corrected neutron capture data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Vaeth, Charles F. Morris
  • Patent number: 8129993
    Abstract: A method to determine one or more parameters of a formation traversed by a borehole, at least a portion of the formation having substantially parallel boundaries, the method comprising disposing a tool in the borehole, wherein the tool includes a transmitter having a dipole moment at an angle ?T with respect to a longitudinal axis of the tool and a receiver having a dipole moment at an angle ?R with respect to the longitudinal axis of the tool, the transmitter and receiver comprising a transmitter-receiver pair; transmitting an electromagnetic signal while rotating the tool; receiving the electromagnetic signal to produce a measured signal from the transmitter-receiver pair; and determining the one or more formation parameters for the portion of the formation having substantially parallel boundaries based on the measured signal from the transmitter-receiver pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Jian Yang, Qiming Li, Jean Seydoux
  • Patent number: 8102276
    Abstract: Aspects of this invention include a downhole assembly having a non-contact, capacitive coupling including first and second transceivers deployed in corresponding first and second downhole tool members. The capacitive coupling is disposed to transfer electrical signals between the first and second transceivers. In one exemplary embodiment, the capacitive coupling is configured to transfer data and power between a substantially non-rotating tool member and a rotating tool member, for example, the shaft and blade housing in a steering tool. Exemplary embodiments of this invention provide a non-contact, high-speed data communication channel between first and second members of a downhole assembly. Moreover, exemplary embodiments of the invention also provide for simultaneous non-contact transmission of electrical power between the first and second tool members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Pathfinder Energy Sevices, Inc.
    Inventor: Junichi Sugiura
  • Patent number: 8095318
    Abstract: A method for determining dip of rock formations penetrated by a wellbore using multiaxial induction measurements and imaging measurements made from within the wellbore includes estimating dip from the multiaxial induction measurements. Dip is also estimated from the imaging measurements. The dip is determined by combining the induction and imaging measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Denis Heliot, Selim Djandji, Pascal Mantran
  • Patent number: 7711772
    Abstract: A method for transmitting a plurality of data streams between a client and a server when the number of said data streams exceeds a number of accessible physical connections between the client and the server. The method includes steps for associating each of the data streams with a corresponding transaction handler; creating transactions for each of the data streams in response to receiving a request from the corresponding transaction handler to transmit its corresponding data stream; and responsive to determining that one of the physical connections to the server is accessible, transmitting each transaction over the available connection so that transactions from each of the data streams are transmitted in a near real time manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Matthew Brown, Bruce Fogelsong, Juan Alvarado, Mikhail Iakimov
  • Patent number: 7689362
    Abstract: A method for estimating an impedance of a material behind a casing wall in a borehole, the method comprises exciting the casing wall with an acoustic pulse, and measuring by means of a transducer an experimental acoustic waveform (W) reflected from the casing wall. The method further comprises initializing an impedance parameter (Zin), computing an inverse casing response (Rcas?1) as a function of the impedance parameter (Zin) and a casing thickness parameter (Casin), and deconvoluting the experimental acoustic waveform with the inverse casing response to obtain a transducer response (T). An iterative loop is performed, comprising the computing of an inverse casing response and the deconvoluting of the experimental acoustic waveform by varying the impedance parameter until the transducer response becomes compact in the time domain. The estimated impedance (Zcem) is obtained from the impedance parameter when the transducer response is compact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Benoît Froelich, Emmanuel Legendre
  • Patent number: 7683613
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to an apparatus and method for conducting magnetic resonance measurements on fluids at high pressures and/or high temperatures. The apparatus can be used in conjunction with or as part of a downhole fluid sampling tool to perform NMR measurements on fluids withdrawn from petroleum reservoirs, or can also be used for laboratory measurements on live reservoir fluids. The apparatus can perform all of the measurements made by modern NMR logging tools, including multi-dimensional distribution functions of spin-spin (T2) and spin-lattice relaxation (T1) times and molecular diffusion coefficients. The spin densities of hydrogen and other NMR sensitive species can be computed from the distribution functions. The apparatus can also be used to predict the apparent conductivity of the fluids in the flowline from measurements of the quality factor (“Q”) of the NMR circuit. The apparent conductivity can be used to predict water cut or water salinity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Robert Freedman, Krishnamurthy Ganesan, Douglas W. Grant
  • Patent number: 7679366
    Abstract: An electromagnetic logging tool includes a support configured for disposal in a well; at least one antenna mounted on the support; and a plurality of coils mounted on the support proximate the at least one antenna, wherein the plurality of the coils are configured for selective connection with the at least one antenna. A methods for balancing an induction array on an electromagnetic logging tool includes measuring a mutual coupling between a transmitter and a receiver on the electromagnetic logging tool; and selectively connecting a subset of a plurality of coils on the electromagnetic logging tool to the transmitter or the receiver based on the measured mutual coupling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Scott S. Chesser, Richard D. Ward, Bulent Finci, Andrei I. Davydychev, William B. Vandermeer, John F. Hunka
  • Patent number: 7678286
    Abstract: A system for separating an emulsion fluid into a recovered fluid and a purified fluid. The emulsion fluid comprises a continuous phase and a dispersed phase. The purified fluid is essentially constituted of the continuous phase. The system comprises a vessel at an inlet of which the emulsion fluid may flow. The system further comprises one or more coalescing elements made of Reusable Polymer Absorbent material. Each coalescing element allows to coalesce at least a portion of the dispersed phase from small droplets into large drops further detached from the coalescing element upon a flow of the emulsion fluid. The system further comprises one or more separating and guiding means made of oleophilic material. Each separating and guiding means is located a distance from an associated coalescing element and is disposed at an output of the associated coalescing element to guide the detached large drops for further recovery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Christian Pays, Christophe Corailler
  • Patent number: 7676344
    Abstract: An apparatus and method is presented for controlling the quality of a mass density measurement of a multiphase fluid mixture including a plurality of fluid fractions and a plurality of constituting elements. The method includes the steps of: submitting a measuring pipe to a flux of high energy photons and measuring count rates; determining a mass density of the multiphase fluid mixture based on count rate measurements in a first and second energy windows; determining an electronic density of the multiphase fluid mixture based on count rate measurements in a third energy window; and comparing the electronic density to the mass density of the multiphase fluid mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Philippe Chevalier, Gilles Roux
  • Patent number: 7673690
    Abstract: A method for updating a software of a sub-sea controller (31) located under the sea level. The sub-sea controller manages a plurality of tools in a sub-sea well. An application module (35) is downloaded into the sub-sea controller. The application module is executed using a virtual machine (36) implemented within the sub-sea controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Tibor Somogyi, Jack Booker, Yutaka Imasato
  • Patent number: 7675287
    Abstract: A method for determining skin factor of a subsurface rock formation from within a wellbore drilled therethrough includes measuring a nuclear magnetic resonance property of the formation at a plurality of lateral depths therein. The measured nuclear magnetic resonance property is used to estimate the skin factor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Chanh Cao Minh
  • Patent number: 7671597
    Abstract: A composite encased tool for making subsurface measurements in a borehole traversing a subsurface formation includes a conductive mandrel, a first composite layer wrapped around the conductive mandrel, the first composite layer having one or more slots, a source or sensor disposed in each of the one or more slots, and a second composite layer wrapped around the first composite layer with the source or sensor in the one or more slots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Bulent Finci, Scott S. Chesser, Jingjing (Karen) Sun, Denis Lebreton, Richard D. Ward, Andrei I. Davydychev, William B. Vandermeer, John F. Hunka