Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Elmer Galbi
  • Patent number: 6546116
    Abstract: The present invention provides a mechanism for automatically setting the exposure time and gain of an electronic camera so that the acquired image has improved characteristics for the detection of a digital watermark. With the present invention the exposure time and gain of an electronic camera are set by first directing the camera at a test target with the camera's controls set to a default set of values. The system then calculates a histogram of the luminance values of the pixels in the image. Next characteristic values from the histogram such as the peak value, the centroid value, the RMS value, the median value, etc. are calculated. One or more of the characteristic values of the histogram are then applied as an index or pointer to values of pre-established settings that are stored in a table. Values from the table are used to set the exposure time and/or gain of the camera. In some embodiments, the variance of the luminance histogram is also measured and used to index data from the table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Hugh Brunk, Eliot Rogers, Brett T. Hannigan
  • Patent number: 6505039
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for reducing the vulnerability of the telecommunications system to unauthorized use that is easy to implement and that can reduce the instances of unauthorized access even during periods when telecommunications personnel are not able to give attention to the traffic on the system. The telecommunications system collects statistics of each user's pattern of telecommunications usage. Typically, these statistics will be in the form of, say, the average number of calls per day or the average number of calls per day on given days of the week. It may also include the mean busy hour for the given days of the week. Moreover, daily averages may be taken not only for all calls but also for all calls of a particular type, e.g., of all international calls. These statistics are taken for a reference period, such as the preceding thirty days, and the corresponding quantity for the current day is also computed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: AtComm Corporation
    Inventor: John T. Boatwright
  • Patent number: 6433668
    Abstract: The present invention provides a highly reliable radio paging system. The radio paging system of the present invention provides a combination of time, frequency and spacial diversity in order to increase the reliability of the system. Time diversity is provided by broadcasting the same message at a number of different times. Spacial diversity is achieved by broadcasting the same message from a number of different locations. Frequency diversity is achieved by broadcasting the same message at a number of different frequencies. The paging receiver according to the present invention is designed to receive messages on a number of different frequencies; however, the pager only responds to a message the first time that it receives the particular message. The combination of time, frequency, and spacial diversity provided by the present invention results in a highly reliable radio paging system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: Seiko Instruments Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence Ragan, Garold B. Gaskill
  • Patent number: 6421070
    Abstract: Web pages which contain images are displayed by a browser. A special visual indicia is placed on any the images which contain a digital watermark so that a user can know that the image contains hidden watermark data. By clicking on the indicia which is placed on the image, the user will be linked to the web page identified by the watermark data hidden in the image. Such a link will be established without the web page designer having to include a tag in the web pages design which displayed the original image. The present invention also opens a separate window which contains a thumbnail of each image in a web page. If a user right clicks on one of the thumbnails in this window the image will be added to a list of images in a special image bookmark file. When a user opens the bookmark web page, thumbnails of all the stored images in the bookmark file are displayed. A user can recall the web page which originally contained the image by clicking on the thumbnail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel O. Ramos, Brian T. MacIntosh, Geoffrey B. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 6389151
    Abstract: Security documents which has multiple fields or areas each of which contains information that is perceptible in more than one way: One field can contain a visually perceptible image and a digital watermark that can be detected when the image is scanned and processed, another field can contain machine readable OCR text that can be read by both a human and by a programmed computer, and still another field can contain watermark data which can be correlated to the output of a fingerprint reader or apparatus which scans a user's iris. Documents are produced by begining with a template which defines the placements of elements on the document and the interrelationships between hidden and visual information on the document. The template specifies the placement of elements such as images, photographs, and text and it also specifies the interrelationship between information that is visually perceptible to a user of the document and information that is hidden by means of digital watermarks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Jonathan Scott Carr, Burt W. Perry, Geoffrey B. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 6366680
    Abstract: The present invention provides a mechanism for automatically setting the exposure time and gain of an electronic camera so that the acquired image has improved characteristics for the detection of a digital watermark. With the present invention the exposure time and gain of an electronic camera are set by first directing the camera at a test target with the camera's controls set to a default set of values. The system then calculates a histogram of the luminance values of the pixels in the image. Next characteristic values from the histogram such as the peak value, the centroid value, the RMS value, the median value, etc. are calculated. One or more of the characteristic values of the histogram are then applied as an index or pointer to values of pre-established settings that are stored in a table. Values from the table are used to set the exposure time and/or gain of the camera. In some embodiments, the variance of the luminance histogram is also measured and used to index data from the table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Hugh Brunk, Eliot Rogers, Brett T. Hannigan
  • Patent number: 6356559
    Abstract: A communication system including a collection of modules coupled in a ring architecture which integrates synchronous and asynchronous message transmission. Asynchronous data packets and synchronous voice packets are exchange on a single communication link. Packetized information exchange references a fixed length window with all synchronous data being exchanged at the beginning of each window and with asynchronous data exchanged during the remaining portion of each window. Virtual circuits utilizing the synchronous packets can deliver telephone conversations without degradation in voice quality and yet the system can also transmit asynchronous data packets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: At Comm Corporation
    Inventors: John Doucette, Thomas J. Bryden, Todd Byron
  • Patent number: 6337683
    Abstract: Movement through multi-dimensional space is simulated using a series of panoramic images which are projected or displayed in sequence. The user's direction of view, that is the selected view window, is maintained as the series of images is projected or displayed. Motion in directions other than forward or reverse is simulated by utilizing “branch” points in the sequence. Each path from a branch point simulates motion in a different direction. Branch points are generally indicated to a viewer by visual indicators called “hot spots”; however, branch points may also be hidden and activated in response to the viewer's selected direction of view. If a branch point is indicated by a visual indicator, a user can select motion in a desired direction by clicking on a “hot spot”. In order to conserve storage space, the image representing each panorama can be stored in a compressed format.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2002
    Assignee: iMove Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Gilbert, David J. Kaiman, Michael C. Park, G. David Ripley
  • Patent number: 6332031
    Abstract: Multiple digital watermarks, each of which has different characteristics, are embedded in a document. The characteristics of the various watermarks are chosen so that each of the watermarks will be affected in a different manner if the document is subsequently copied and reproduced. The detection process or mechanism reads each of the watermark and compares their characteristics. While wear and handling may change the characteristics of the digital watermarks in a document, the relationship between the characteristic of multiple digital watermarks in a document will never-the-less give an indication as to whether a document is an original or a copy of an original.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2001
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Geoffrey Rhoads, Ammon Gustafson
  • Patent number: 6324573
    Abstract: A given data object was effectively contain both a graphical representation to a network user and embedded information, such as the URL address of another network node, thereby to permit the object itself to serve as an automated hot link. The underlying development tools and web site browsers create and identify such an object for use in a manner similar to a hot link, as provided on the World Wide Web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventor: Geoffrey B. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 6323858
    Abstract: The present invention provides a very flexible, digital system for capturing and storing panoramic images using progressive scan (that is, non interlaced) technology. The system includes a digital image input device and an associated control computer. Since the image capture device is digital it can be easily and flexibly controlled by software in the control computer. The image input device has six lenses positioned on the six faces of a cube. While the image input system can have other lens configurations, the use of six lenses in a cubic configuration is optimal for a system that is used to capture a spherical panorama. The six lenses simultaneously focuses different images on six CCDs (Charge Coupled Devices). The image input device also includes an embedded controller, and data compression circuitry. The embedded controller controls the exposure time of the CCDs (i.e. the effective aperture and effective shutter speed) and reads image data from the CCDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: iMove Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Gilbert, David J. Kaiman, Michael C. Park, G. David Ripley
  • Patent number: 6320944
    Abstract: An intelligent configuration system automatically logs a sample of a PBX Call Detail Recording (CDR) message. The sample CDR messages are sent via modem from a local call accounting system connected to the PBX to a central configuration server. The configuration server analyzes the sample CDR messages to determine the PBX type. The appropriate PBX interface file for the identified PBX type is transmitted back to the call accounting system and used by the accounting system to interpret and price CDR messages output from the PBX into call accounting and traffic analysis reports. Identification and location data is transmitted from the accounting system to the configuration server. The configuration server uses the data to automatically transmit and update rate tables used in the accounting system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2001
    Assignee: At Comm Corporation
    Inventors: David Y. Schlossman, William H. Welling
  • Patent number: 6320680
    Abstract: An additional motion is introduced into a scanning operation. This additional motion is in addition to the motion that is inherent in any document scanning operation. For example, in a flatbed scanner a linear array of scanning devices is positioned across the document in a first or “x” direction and this array is moved across the document in a perpendicular or “y” direction. In a flatbed scanner the position of the scanning devices are fixed in the “x” direction. In a drum scanner a light beam moves across the document in an “x” direction and the document is moved in the “y” direction. The light reflected from the document is directed to a fixed photoreceptor. With the present invention an additional vibratory motion is introduced into the scanning process. With a flatbed scanner the array of detector devices is moved or vibrated. The vibratory motion can for example be in the “x” direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2001
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventor: Geoffrey B. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 6320584
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating views of an environment with proper perspective and parallax. This invention captures panoramic views at many points in the environment, preferably by using fisheye lenses with subhemispherical fields of views to yield overlapping fisheye images that are seemed together, and stores them as planar polygons, which have been extended to include imagery occluded at their viewing position but visible at nearby points. Three-dimensional information on the environmental source of these polygons is determined and stored, enabling the playback system to simulate parallax as well as to produce stereographic images. Given a location and orientation in the environment, the playback system finds a nearby capture point and translates the polygons at that point to the specified location, producing an image. It then rotates that image to the desired orientation which it then displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2001
    Assignee: iMove Inc.
    Inventors: Stuart J. Golin, Scott Gilbert, Thomas Baker
  • Patent number: 6229924
    Abstract: Embedding a watermark in an image by changing selected DCT coefficients in the blocks and macro blocks of coefficients which represent the image. The changes in the blocks that comprise each macro block are done in a coordinated manner so that the phase of the watermark signal is preserved across the block boundaries. By preserving the phase across block boundaries, a detectable grid is formed which can be used as an orientation and scaling grid. Furthermore, by preserving the phase across block boundaries the visual artifacts introduced by the watermark are minimized. The bit rate of the image signal is preserved by maintaining a count (referred to as the cumulative change count) that represents the amount that the bit rate has been increased by changes in coefficients less the amount that the bit rate has been decreased by changes in the coefficients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventors: Geoffrey B. Rhoads, Clay Davidson, Anthony Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 6215413
    Abstract: Selectable receiver addressing is used to control how messages are output from different receivers. Users selectively enable and disable personal addresses in the receiver. The receiver polls time slots where the data for enabled addresses may be transmitted. Enabled addresses are compared with transmitted receiver addresses. If the transmitted address matches one of the enabled receiver addresses, the message is output to the receiver user. If the transmitted address does not match the receiver address, the message is not processed and, accordingly, the receiver operator is not disturbed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Seiko Communication Systems
    Inventor: Garold B. Gaskill
  • Patent number: 6185415
    Abstract: An access-control module (22) is used in connection with a conventional private branch exchange (12) to control direct inward service access (DISA), by which callers calling in on one trunk are afforded access to an outgoing trunk or other destination within the PBX environment. The access-control module (22) is simply plugged into an existing extension, and the PBX (12) initially directs to that extension all calls from the incoming trunk. The access-control module (22) receives the users' authorization code and desired destination and then signals the PBX in the normal manner to transfer the call to an outgoing trunk or other destination within the PBX environment if the incoming call meets certain criteria imposed by the access-control module (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: AtComm Corporation
    Inventor: John T. Boatwright
  • Patent number: 6122403
    Abstract: Various improvements to steganographic systems, and applications therefore, are disclosed. The improvements include facilitating scale and rotation registration for steganographic decoding by use of rotationally symmetric steganographically embedded patterns and subliminal digital graticules; improved techniques for decoding without access to unencoded originals; improving robustness of steganographic coding in motion pictures and/or in the presence of lossy compression/decompression; and representing data by patterned bit cells whose energy in the spatial domain facilitates decoding registration. Applications include enhanced-security financial transactions, counterfeit resistant identification cards, fraud deterrent systems for cellular telephony, covert modem channels in video transmissions, photo duplication kiosks with automatic copyright detection, and hotlinked image objects (e.g. with embedded URLs) for use on the internet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Digimarc Corporation
    Inventor: Geoffrey B. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 6108346
    Abstract: A communication system including a collection of modules coupled in a ring architecture which integrates synchronous and asynchronous message transmission. Asynchronous data packets and synchronous voice packets are exchange on a single communication link. Packetized information exchange references a fixed length window with all synchronous data being exchanged at the beginning of each window and with asynchronous data exchanged during the remaining portion of each window. Virtual circuits utilizing the synchronous packets can deliver telephone conversations without degradation in voice quality and yet the system can also transmit asynchronous data packets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Xiox Corporation
    Inventors: John Doucette, Thomas J. Bryden, Todd Byron
  • Patent number: D456595
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Sportniks Inc.
    Inventors: John H. Cowgill, Charles W. Elroy, Jr.