Abstract: Two embodiments of tilt mounting attachments for mounting outboard drives on the transom of a watercraft. In each embodiment, the structure is simplified from the prior art and the number of components reduced. Thus, the unit can be made lighter in weight without sacrificing strength and the cost of assembly is substantially reduced.
Abstract: Two embodiments of rotating electrical machines wherein the cogging torque is substantially reduced by increasing the cogging number without increasing the number of pole teeth and permanent magnets. This is done by selecting the appropriate magnet angle to increase the number of coggings per revolution and this can be done using a computer analysis of the cogging torque for the individual magnets rather than by a trial and error method.
Abstract: An improved cam and follower arrangement suitable for actuating, for example, poppet valves of an internal combustion engine and method and apparatus for forming the cam surface. This permits the use of skewed valve axes without using multiple rocker arms for each valve. The shapes are chosen and formed to provide better contact area and permits the cams to be ground with conventional grinding methods and for multi-cylinder engines.
Abstract: A method and apparatus that permit anti-knock control without the use of separate knock detectors as well as controlling the basic ignition timing from the output of a single engine speed sensor.
Abstract: A number of embodiments of rotating electrical machines and methods for winding them that provides a high space utilization and very effective winding with less likelihood of damage to the insulation of the wire of the winding during the winding process. The arrangement basically does not require the winding needle to be moved back and forth in the slot between the poles but rather employs insulating inserts that are positioned on the axial faces of the poles outside of the gaps for guiding the wire from one end to the other so as to provide the high space utilization. In one embodiment the insulating insert effectively changes the circumferential length of the coil winding that decreases in an axial direction along their length.
Abstract: Several embodiments of simplified structures for internal combustion engine timing drives that limit undesirable degrees of movement of a flexible transmitter pivotal arm by providing one or more projections on a removable component of the engine such as the cylinder head gasket that provide contacting edges that cooperate with the tensioner arm.
Abstract: An improved rotating electrical machine having permanent magnets and method for attaching the magnets that permits the use of thin, high flux density materials. The magnets and their mounting plate have facing cylindrical surfaces that are spaced slightly apart and through which an adhesive is introduced by capillary action through a groove formed at one end of the permanent magnets for providing attachment without having excess adhesive that can protrude beyond the surface of the magnets.
Abstract: The present invention is an ignition control system for an engine having at least one combustion chamber and an ignition element for initiating combustion in the chamber. As one aspect of the ignition control, a switching circuit is provided for controlling the firing of the ignition element based upon either a signal received from a mechanism which detects and outputs a first firing timing signal or a computing mechanism which outputs a second firing timing signal based upon the first firing timing signal. As a second aspect of the ignition control, ignition elements are paired and fired together. In this arrangement, the ignition control includes a mechanism for counting outputted firing signals and assigning them values. These values are used to control the firing of the pairs of ignition elements, permitting the pairs of elements to be fired such that combustion initiation in individual combustion chambers corresponding is controllable.
Abstract: A method and apparatus employing image processing of photographic data by a thermographic camera to determine the heat development of individual semiconductor devices. Therefore, defects of individual devices such as disconnection due to breaks and abnormal heat development due to electrostatic breakdowns can be determined reliably.
Abstract: An improved and simplified marine power steering device that provides assist by selectively operating an electric motor driven hydraulic motor to provide the assist. This eliminates pumps that are constantly driven by the watercraft engine. Also the entire assist unit is formed as a single assembly to minimize the hydraulic conduits and their assembly.
Abstract: Several embodiments of electric power assisted manually operated devices wherein the manual input force is sensed by a sensor that does not require lost motion connections and significant movement in order to determine the force applied. Also a compact drive is disclosed that permits the application to winding drums such as fishing reels. In addition a simplified temperature compensation system for the sensor is employed. Thus, the arrangements can be easily utilized with conventional structures with minimum change.
Abstract: A rotating electrical machine such as electrical starter motor and more particularly to an improved method and apparatus for winding the armature coils of a rotating electrical machine. The winding apparatus and method is particularly adapted for use with large diameter wires and permits winding without a winding needle having to pass into the slot between the pole teeth. This is accomplished by introducing some slack in the wire by moving the wire in a circumferential direction when the winding needle is not disposed in proximity to the slot and then returning the winding needle to registry with the slot.
Abstract: Two embodiments of winding methods and apparatus for winding coils of a rotating electrical machine where the armature teeth are skewed. The winding mechanism and method operates so that the winding needle does not have to enter to the bottom of the slots between the pole teeth but the wire is wound around the pole teeth from one end thereof with an arrangement for causing the windings to progressively move down the pole teeth as the winding continues.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for forming cylindrical magnetic assemblies for rotating electrical machines. The apparatus and method pre-bends and finally bends a flange of the supporting shell to lock the permanent magnets in place. This is done in a single station and in two steps by way of an apparatus that permits handling of cylindrical bodies of considerably different diameters and lengths.
Abstract: Several embodiments of laminated cores for coil winding in rotating electric machines. In each embodiment, the laminations are formed with indented portions in an area where the flux pattern will not be disturbed with the indentation serving the purpose of aligning the sheets of the laminations with each other. In preferred embodiments, the indentations are formed in the peripheral edge of the circular core portion from which the pole teeth extend.
Abstract: An improved method and system for the control of an engine system such as the spark timing. The control senses the speed variations either during a portion of a complete cycle and a complete cycle and/or from cycle to cycle in order to determine the load on the engine from preprogrammed maps based upon the engine characteristics. From this load and the speed reading, it is possible to obtain the desired engine control. In addition the timing is set in this method only under certain specified conditions and only in response to certain specific parameters. This not only reduces the costs of the system by reducing the number of sensors, but also permits adjustments to be made more rapidly.
Abstract: An armature and method of winding the armature that improves coil density by winding adjacent poles so that the resulting windings have outer surfaces that taper in opposite directions that extend over a bisecting axially extending plane between the pole teeth at opposite ends thereof. The poles having the greatest radial extent relative to the pole axis at their base ends that are wound first.
Abstract: An assembling apparatus for assembling rotating electrical machines having permanent magnets and armatures cores. The apparatus holds the armature core while the permanent magnets are assembled on to it thus avoiding hand labor. At all times, the rotor is supported so that it cannot cant relative to the stator and its permanent magnets and thus, no damage to the magnets or any coating thereon or to the armature will occur.
Abstract: A number of embodiments of direct injected V-type outboard motors provided with a very effective fuel supply system wherein the number of components can be significantly reduced as well as the elimination of many of the flexible conduits normally employed. This also permits the fuel system to be assembled as a relatively unitary assembly that can be then affixed to the engine. The arrangement is such that purging of the system from vapors during shutdowns is easily accomplished and the system can be purged without complicated construction. Furthermore, the system can be pressure tested by an arrangement where the low pressure system can bypass the high pressure system when the engine is not operating so as to be pressurized for testing purposes. However, when the high pressure system operates, then the bypass line will be closed by the shunting valve arrangement.
Abstract: A number of embodiments of acoustical devices for improving either or both the intake and exhaust sounds emanated from an internal combustion engine. This is achieved by employing acoustical devices which are configured so as to discharge the desired sound waves to the atmosphere rather than by attempting to dampen the undesired sound waves generated in the system.