Abstract: A laminated film for packaging use which film has at least one lamina of a crystalline flexible polyvinylidene chloride film adhered to a lamina of chlorinated polyethylene film, the chlorinated polyethylene film having a chlorine of concentration of up to approximately 60%, by weight, with the particular chlorine concentration of from 30% to 50%, by weight, being preferred. The laminated film being formed by contacting a polyvinylidene chloride film while in a supercooled noncrystalline state with a chlorinated ethylene film and thereafter effecting crystallization of the polyvinylidene chloride film with substantially random crystal distribution throughout, such as, by heating the thus formed laminate to the crystallization temperature of the polyvinylidene chloride.
March 16, 1972
Date of Patent:
June 16, 1981
Oscar Mayer & Co. Inc.
Maurice J. Gifford, Oscar E. Seiferth, Paul E. Grindrod
Abstract: A water distribution system for spraying a plurality of fine streams of water in a relatively uniform manner onto an ice forming surface. A hollow spraying tube is rotationally and coaxially disposed in a shielding tube of larger diameter. The shielding tube has an elongate slot extending substantially the axial length of the spraying tube such that streams of water are sprayed through those orifices in the spraying tube not shielded by the shielding tube and through the elongate slot. The width of the slot determines the angular arc of spray from the system. The shielding tube is adjustably secured to one side of a turbine housing to adjust the spray direction. A turbine blade assembly is rotationally disposed within the turbine housing and is operatively connected to the spraying tube. Pressurized fluid through an inlet of the turbine housing rotationally drives the blade assembly and the spraying tube and the water is discharged in an unpressurized condition through an outlet of the turbine housing.
Abstract: A liquid-vapor separation device and method, including a generally horizontally-disposed arcuate passageway which interconnects the outlet of the tube side of a heater component of an evaporator to a condensor or subsequent effect heater. A floor plate is disposed in the arcuate passageway in spaced-away relation from the side walls thereof so as to permit drainage of liquid collected on the interior walls of the passageway into a liquid-collecting section which is provided with a suitable drain for removal of the thus-collected liquid. The floor plate is of sufficient size to minimize re-entrainment of the collected liquid. Adjacent the outlet end of the device anti-swirl baffles are provided to eliminate turbulence in the vapor adjacent such outlet end.
Abstract: A precision injection-molded form for an inductance coil comprises a cylindrical core member having a surface of relatively low dimensional precision, and a thin plastic layer molded over the surface to provide a surface of high dimensional precision for supporting the windings of the coil. Metal insert-members having threaded axial bores and radially-extending wing portions are provided at either end of the core to establish electrical contact with the winding and a mounting capability for the assembly. The coil form is formed by injection molding techniques and apparatus which provide for axial compression of the assembly prior to molding to obtain a predetermined longitudinal dimension, and for equalization of forces exerted during molding to prevent longitudinal deformation.
Abstract: A photoreactive composition containing an effective amount of a polymer which includes as a recurring structure: ##STR1## wherein Ar is a bivalent aromatic radical, and M is selected from the class consisting of hydrogen, alkali metal, ammonium, and substituted ammonium. These compositions are useful in a wide variety of photochemical and photomechanical processes and are particularly suited for use as photopolymers, photoinitiators and photosensitizers in light sensitive coatings of presensitized lithographic plates.
Abstract: The inlet end of an axial flow rotor feeds high volumes of crop materials at low crop pressures toward the threshing and separating areas to avoid bunching of crop materials or plugging of the rotor. A cylindrical core tube at the inlet end of the rotor is of substantially reduced diameter compared to the generally cylindrical threshing or separating portions of the rotor. A frusto-conical portion connects the core tube to the threshing portion for a ramp-like transition of crop materials near the threshing area. The flighting, which is helically disposed about the core tube, feeds the materials toward special threshing elements which rise from the frusto-conical portion and a connecting portion of the core tube to a height approximately equal to that of a plurality of rasp bars affixed to the threshing portion for uniformly dispersing the crop materials against the rotor casing.
March 8, 1979
Date of Patent:
May 12, 1981
White Motor Corporation of Canada, Limited
Abstract: Lading tie anchor installed by welding a tie bar in a scoop in a doorpost channel or the side lining of a steel-lined box car or the like. The lading tie anchor installation includes a tie bar which has a repetitive series of novel formations in its length which impart to it adequate strength while being formed of a relatively light gauge metal strip. The scoop and lading tie anchor have cooperative locator formations therein which facilitate fast and accurate installation.
Abstract: A divider switch for a roller conveyor selectively switches or displaces the lateral position of objects being conveyed to either separate or merge the objects. The switching apparatus is interposed in a live conveyor system. The divider switch includes a framework of longitudinal and transverse members; a plurality of transverse rollers at either end of the switch; a set of angularly movable rollers centrally located in the switch, the angularly movable rollers being of shorter length than the transverse rollers and switchable between at least two angular positions which define opposite acute angles relative to the transverse rollers; and two additional sets of rollers disposed on opposite sides of the angularly movable rollers, the additional sets of rollers being fixedly mounted to define opposite acute angles relative to the transverse rollers.
Abstract: Presensitized lithographic plates having a diazo layer are prepared such that they exhibit a photospeed rendering them suitable for ultra high speed operations including use within laser platemaking systems. These ultra high speed plates have a diazo layer that is exceedingly thin while still being generally uniformly distributed throughout the plate area. The process includes extracting a significant quantity of diazonuim compound or diazonium resin from a diazo layer on a presensitized plate substrate. Plates thus formed are useful in laser exposures for facsimile transmissions, as projection plates, as camera back plates, for step and repeat plate work, and where low intensity light sources are used in conjuction with very large plates.
Abstract: Indicating devices for mounting on a test point in an alternating current distribution system provide a visual indication of either voltage level or fault occurrence in the system. The indicating devices are contained in a housing which includes an electrically-conductive rubber outer shell adapted to snap-fit over the test point, and a non-conductive inner housing within which the indicating devices are contained. The indicating devices include a bridge-type rectifier which is coupled to a conductor of the system through the test point terminal, and to ground through the electrically-conductive outer shell. In a voltage indicator application, the rectifier circuit charges a capacitor across which a neon lamp visible through a window in the end of the housing is connected, the rate at which the neon lamp flashes providing an indication of the voltage level on the conductor.
Abstract: A side-loading refuse collection vehicle includes a refuse storage body with a collection hopper at one end of the body opening through a side thereof for loading refuse. A hopper plate movable through the hopper and a sweep panel movable across the hopper plate cooperate to remove refuse from the hopper and deposit it through an opening in a packer plate movable fore-and-aft in the refuse storage body. The sweep panel may be carried by the packer plate and both may have deflecting surface portions, to cooperate as a unit in balanced packing of refuse within the refuse storage body.
Abstract: Non-fractionated triglyceride compositions characterized by a high ratio of trans mono-unsaturated acid to saturated fatty acids, a high ratio of trans acid to cis acid, and containing from 40-55% saturated fatty acids. These triglycerides exhibit unique structural properties and have utility in the formulation of many fat-based food products such as shortening compositions.
Abstract: A high-precision injection-molded form for an inductance coil comprises a cylindrical core formed of a solid mass of plastic or similar material which has a surface of relatively low dimensional precision. A thin plastic layer molded over the surface of the core provides a high precision surface including helical grooves in which the windings of the coil are seated.
Abstract: Apparatus for discharging threshed crop materials, in a relatively uniform manner across the body width of the combine, directly from the discharge end of a threshing and separating rotor in an axial flow combine without the need for additional apparatus at the discharge end of the rotor to discharge the threshed materials or to avoid plugging or bunching of crop materials between the rotor and rotor casing. The rotor extends longitudinally through the combine to a discharge area at the discharge end of the rotor. The rotor casing closely surrounds the rotor near the discharge end and guide vanes disposed in the rotor casing cooperate with separating elements circumferentially disposed about the rotor near the discharge end to positively move threshed materials toward the discharge end of the rotor.
January 10, 1979
Date of Patent:
March 10, 1981
White Motor Corporation of Canada Limited
Thomas E. Powell, Edward Donaldson, Ronald F. McNeil
Abstract: A lever operated lock mechanism for a hopper door is provided which is especially suitable for use on railway hopper cars having hinged double doors. Included in the lock mechanism is a hook assembly which is pivotally mounted on a housing secured to the door frame or slope sheet of the hopper. A keeper assembly is attached to the spreader bar joining the double doors for engaging the hook assembly, this engagement being at either of two saddle formations or notches, the first or catch saddle formation being engaged when the lock mechanism is in a catch position, and the second or closed saddle formation being engaged when the lock mechanism is in a fully closed position. Movement between the catch position and the fully closed position is greatly facilitated by fulcrum means for receiving a lever bar by which a workman can readily close the hopper doors.
Abstract: A grapple clamp for lifting a group of objects such as a plurality of cases of soft drinks. The clamp has four clamp jaws hinged to a frame in rectangular or square orientation so as to engage a group of objects with equal force from four sides. The clamp is adapted to be carried by a fork lift truck and each pair of opposing jaw clamps is actuated by a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder. Preferably, hydraulic cylinders are used which are powered by the hydraulic system of the lift truck. The cylinders are interconnected so that the clamping forces exerted by the two pairs of clamp jaws are equalized.
Abstract: A combined fault and voltage indicator includes a rotatably-mounted target viewable from the exterior of the indicator for indicating the occurrence of a fault and a lamp viewable from the exterior of the indicator for indicating system operating voltage. The target is positioned in a reset-indicating state by a reset circuit which periodically energizes a first winding to position a permanent magnet mounted for rotation with the target. Upon occurrence of a fault circuitry within the indicator energizes a second winding to reposition the target to a fault-indicating position. The lamp is caused to flash at a rate which indicates the operating voltage of the system.
Abstract: A tubular plate comprising oval tubes aligned parallel to one another, each containing two spaced grid rods of a corrosion-resistant lead alloy as current conductors. The rods of the individual tubes are joined to form a grid having a connecting part at the top. Near the bottom, each two lead rods are connected by a crosspiece.
Abstract: Two sets of positive-locking tilt adjustment mechanisms are mounted between a drafting board and a supporting frame therefore. Both sets of locking mechanisms include identical left and right halves having crown gear portions positioned thereon for aligned meshing engagement with each other. Further, the opposing halves of the opposing sets of mechanisms are also aligned. Each half is manually mountable by hand to either the board or frame and a bolt and hand tightenable nut maintain the sets of mechanisms, the board, and the frame in adjustable alignment. The board and frame are made such that loosening a nut on each mechanism automatically separates the halves of each set thereof for providing interference free tilting adjustment of the drafting board on the frame.
Abstract: The present invention provides a base device for attachment to a ladder comprising a base, a top pivotally mounted on the base, ladder receiving means on the top of securably and releasably receiving the ladder therein, and adjustment means on the top for holding the top in a selected position relative to the base.