Patents Represented by Attorney Ronald M. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8175371
    Abstract: Provided are methods for determining and analyzing photometric and morphogenic features of small objects, such as cells to, for example, identify different cell states. In particularly, methods are provided for identifying apoptotic cells, and for distinguishing between cells undergoing apoptosis versus necrosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: Thaddeus C. George, David A. Basiji, Brian E. Hall, William E. Ortyn, Michael E. Seo, Phillip J. Morrissey, Cathleen A. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8162668
    Abstract: A medical training simulator includes contact-less sensors and corresponding detection objects, configured to enable sensor data collected during a training exercise to be used to evaluate the performance of the training exercise. The simulator includes a simulated anatomical structure, at least one contact-less sensor, and at least one detection object. During a training exercise, a spatial relationship between the contact-less sensor and the detection object produces data for evaluating performance of the training exercise. Either the contact-less sensor or the detection object is embedded in the simulated physiological structure, while the other is included in either a support for the simulated physiological structure, or as part of a tool used during the training exercise. Many types of contact-less sensors can be employed, including capacitance sensors, impedance sensors, inductive sensors, and magnetic sensors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Simulab Corporation
    Inventor: Christopher C. Toly
  • Patent number: 8150136
    Abstract: The use of an imaging system, cell compartment markers, and molecular markers in methods for correlating the movement of molecules within a cell to a particular compartment are provided, including measuring and correlating molecule movement in adherent and non-adherent cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: Thaddeus C. George, David A. Basiji, Keith Frost, Brian E. Hall, William E. Ortyn, Michael J. Seo
  • Patent number: 8131053
    Abstract: Photometric and morphometric features derived from multi-mode imagery of cells in flow are used as a cell analyzer to determine if a marker corresponding to a cancer cell or precancerous cell is present in the population of cells imaged. An imaging system simultaneously acquires a plurality of images for each cell passing through the field of view of the imaging system. Acquiring a plurality of different images (i.e., bright field, dark field, and fluorescent images) facilitates the determination of different morphological and morphometric parameters. Simultaneously acquiring the plurality of images enables relatively large populations of cells to be rapidly imaged, so that relatively small numbers of cancer cells in a large population of cells can be detected. Initially, known cancer cells are imaged to enable a marker to be identified. Then, a sample that may include cancer cells is imaged to determine if the marker is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: William Ortyn, David Basiji, Luchuan Liang, Vidya Venkatachalam, Philip Morrissey
  • Patent number: 8102592
    Abstract: Interferometric modulators include a movable mirror that is actuated by voltage applied to a plurality of electrodes relative to at least one other electrode, to define a cavity relative to a partially reflective mirror formed by a top plate. The depth of the cavity determines a bandwidth of light that is modulated by internal reflections within the cavity and which interferes with light that is reflected from a partially reflective mirror on the top plate, producing a desired reflected color of light for the modulator. Variations in manufacturing and material characteristics can cause the movable mirror to tilt relative to the partially reflective mirror, which degrades the modulation accuracy. To compensate, different voltages can be applied to the plurality of electrodes. The voltage can be determined at time of manufacture and stored in non-volatile memory, for use when the modulator is actuated during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Unipel Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Zhong Ji
  • Patent number: 8103080
    Abstract: Provided are methods for determining and analyzing photometric and morphogenic features of small objects, such as cells to, for example, identify different cell states. In particularly, methods are provided for identifying apoptotic cells, and for distinguishing between cells undergoing apoptosis versus necrosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: Thaddeus C George, David A Basiji, Brian E Hall, William E Ortyn, Michael J Seo, Philip J Morrissey, Cathleen A Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8007281
    Abstract: A videoendoscopic surgery training system includes a housing defining a practice volume in which a simulated anatomical structure is disposed. Surgical instruments can be inserted into the practice volume to access the anatomical structure. A digital video camera is disposed within the housing to image the anatomical structure on a display. The position of the digital video camera is supported within the practice volume by a camera bracket that enables a position of the video camera relative to the bracket to be selectively changed, thereby changing a viewing angle achieved by the video camera. In one embodiment the camera bracket is coupled to a boom, a proximal end of which extends outside the housing to enable additional positioning of the digital video camera by user adjustment of the proximal end of the boom. The housing preferably includes a light source configured to illuminate the anatomical structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Inventor: Christopher C. Toly
  • Patent number: 8009189
    Abstract: A high speed, high-resolution flow imaging system is modified to achieve extended depth of field imaging. An optical distortion element is introduced into the flow imaging system. Light from an object, such as a cell, is distorted by the distortion element, such that a point spread function (PSF) of the imaging system is invariant across an extended depth of field. The distorted light is spectrally dispersed, and the dispersed light is used to simultaneously generate a plurality of images. The images are detected, and image processing is used to enhance the detected images by compensating for the distortion, to achieve extended depth of field images of the object. The post image processing preferably involves de-convolution, and requires knowledge of the PSF of the imaging system, as modified by the optical distortion element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: William Ortyn, David Basiji, Keith Frost, Luchuan Liang, Richard Bauer, Brian Hall, David Perry
  • Patent number: 8005314
    Abstract: A high speed, high-resolution flow imaging system is modified to achieve extended depth of field imaging. An optical distortion element is introduced into the flow imaging system. Light from an object, such as a cell, is distorted by the distortion element, such that a point spread function (PSF) of the imaging system is invariant across an extended depth of field. The distorted light is spectrally dispersed, and the dispersed light is used to simultaneously generate a plurality of images. The images are detected, and image processing is used to enhance the detected images by compensating for the distortion, to achieve extended depth of field images of the object. The post image processing preferably involves de-convolution, and requires knowledge of the PSF of the imaging system, as modified by the optical distortion element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: William Ortyn, David Basiji, Keith Frost, Luchuan Liang, Richard Bauer, Brian Hall, David Perry
  • Patent number: 7993640
    Abstract: The efficacy of light activated therapy treatment is enhanced by stimulating the immune system of the patient substantially above a normal level. Abnormal tissue that is destroyed by the light activated therapy releases factors that stimulate the immune system, leading to systemic reductions in abnormal tissue (i.e., reduction beyond the region treated using light). By further stimulating the immune system using an anti-CTLA-4 antibody, the systemic destruction of abnormal tissue is enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Light Sciences Oncology, Inc.
    Inventor: James C. Chen
  • Patent number: 7984810
    Abstract: A recovery device and method of use to ensure that any reusable medical device that has been disposed of in a sharps container is recovered, cleaned, sterilized, and repackaged for reuse. In one embodiment, a sharps container and sorting surface are manipulated to rotate together and independently, so that the contents of the sharps container are emptied onto the sorting surface, enabling an operator to manually, safely, efficiently, and timely retrieve reusable medical devices from the sorting surface and place these medical devices into a receptacle bin. The non-reusable contents are subsequently dumped into a waste bin, whose contents will subsequently be incinerated or otherwise destroyed. The operator of the recovery device is protected by a shield and an exhaust system that minimize the operator's exposure to airborne biohazardous toxins and enable the sorting to be done without injury to the operator from sharp medical devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: ClearMedical, Inc.
    Inventor: Gregg D. Bennett
  • Patent number: 7952718
    Abstract: Mechanically robust minimal form factor OCT probes suitable for medical applications such as needle biopsy, intraluminal and intravascular imaging are achieved in part by employing compound lenses with some or all of the optical elements, including an optical fiber, to be thermally fused in tandem. To achieve a desired working distance without increasing a diameter of the optics assembly, a spacer can be disposed between the optical fiber and focusing optics. The compound lens configuration can achieve higher transverse resolution compared to a single lens at a desired working distance without increasing the probe diameter. In exemplary needle biopsy embodiments, the optical assembly is encapsulated in a glass housing or metal-like housing with a glass window, which is then selectively passed through a hollow needle. Esophageal imaging embodiments are combined with a balloon catheter. Circumferential and three-dimensional spiral scanning can be achieved in each embodiment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Xingde Li, Xiumei Liu, Joo Ha Hwang
  • Patent number: 7944345
    Abstract: A handheld, portable device is used to store data that indicates an operator was sufficiently close to each of a plurality of components during a safety inspection to actually inspect the components. The portable device includes a sensor that detects tokens, such as radio frequency identification tags, which are affixed adjacent to the components. Messages appearing on a display of the portable device prompt the operator to proceed to each checkpoint, determine a state of the component disposed there, and if the component is not operating properly, indicate a plurality of predefined conditions from which the operator can choose to identify the observed condition of the component. The state and condition of each component entered during the safety inspection are stored as data that are subsequently transferred to a remote data storage site over a wire or wireless link.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Zonar Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Brett Brinton, Charles Michael McQuade, William Brinton, Jr., Daniel Mayer, Eric Manegold, Richard Lugash, Robie G. Russell
  • Patent number: 7934602
    Abstract: A recovery device and method of use ensure that any reusable medical device that has been disposed of in a sharps container is recovered, cleaned, sterilized, and repackaged for reuse. In one embodiment, a sharps container and sorting surface are manipulated to rotate together and independently, so that the content of the sharps container are emptied onto the sorting surface, enabling an operator to manually, safely, efficiently, and timely retrieve reusable medical devices from the sorting surface and place these medical devices into a receptacle bin. The non-reusable contents are subsequently dumped into a waste bin, whose contents will subsequently be incinerated or otherwise destroyed. The operator of the recovery device is protected by a shield and an exhaust system that minimize the operator's exposure to airborne biohazardous toxins and enable the sorting to be done without injury to the operator from sharp medical devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: ClearMedical, Inc.
    Inventor: Gregg D. Bennett
  • Patent number: 7933944
    Abstract: An approach that efficiently solves for a desired parameter of a system or device that can include both electrically large fast multipole method (FMM) elements, and electrically small QR elements. The system or device is setup as an oct-tree structure that can include regions of both the FMM type and the QR type. An iterative solver is then used to determine a first matrix vector product for any electrically large elements, and a second matrix vector product for any electrically small elements that are included in the structure. These matrix vector products for the electrically large elements and the electrically small elements are combined, and a net delta for a combination of the matrix vector products is determined. The iteration continues until a net delta is obtained that is within predefined limits. The matrix vector products that were last obtained are used to solve for the desired parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Vikram Jandhyala, Indranil Chowdhury
  • Patent number: 7925069
    Abstract: Multimodal/multispectral images of a population of cells are simultaneously collected. Photometric and/or morphometric features identifiable in the images are used to separate the population of cells into a plurality of subpopulations. Where the population of cells includes diseased cells and healthy cells, the images can be separated into a healthy subpopulation, and a diseased subpopulation. Where the population of cells does not include diseased cells, one or more ratios of different cell types in patients not having a disease condition can be compared to the corresponding ratios in patients having the disease condition, enabling the disease condition to be detected. For example, blood cells can be separated into different types based on their images, and an increase in the number of lymphocytes, a phenomenon associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, can readily be detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: William E. Ortyn, David A. Basiji, Philip Morrissey, Thaddeus George, Brian Hall, Cathleen Zimmerman, David Perry
  • Patent number: 7901348
    Abstract: Visual-assisted guidance of an ultra-thin flexible endoscope to a predetermined region of interest within a lung during a bronchoscopy procedure. The region may be an opacity-identified by non-invasive imaging methods, such as high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) or as a malignant lung mass that was diagnosed in a previous examination. An embedded position sensor on the flexible endoscope indicates the position of the distal tip of the probe in a Cartesian coordinate system during the procedure. A visual display is continually updated, showing the present position and orientation of the marker in a 3-D graphical airway model generated from image reconstruction. The visual display also includes windows depicting a virtual fly-through perspective and real-time video images acquired at the head of the endoscope, which can be stored as data, with an audio or textual account.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Timothy D. Soper, Robb W. Glenny, Eric J. Seibel
  • Patent number: 7889263
    Abstract: A system and method for high numeric aperture imaging systems includes a splitter, a defocusing system, and a combiner. The splitter reflects a portion of collected light and transmits another portion of the collected light. The defocusing system is configured to modify optical power of either the transmitted portion or reflected portion of the collected light. The combiner is oriented with respect to a mechanical angle. The combiner recombines portions of the transmitted portion and the reflected portion such that the transmitted portion and reflected portion are subsequently transmitted being separated by an optical separation angle based upon the mechanical angle of orientation of the combiner. Various other implementations are used to maintain focus with regards to the imaging systems involved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Amnis Corporation
    Inventors: William E. Ortyn, David A. Basiji, David J. Perry
  • Patent number: 7879004
    Abstract: A distal end of a flexible catheter can be selectively deflected in a desired direction by actuating one or more actuators that extend outwardly of an exterior surface of the catheter. Each actuator can be a balloon disposed within a non-extendible balloon or sheath. Inflation of one (or both) of the balloon and the non-extendible balloon with a pressurized fluid can deflect the distal tip of the catheter. Another actuator embodiment comprises a strip of a bimorph material that bends outwardly when actuated, e.g., by heat, applying a force against adjacent tissue to deflect the distal tip. Yet another embodiment includes a strip of material that shortens when heated and can be coupled to a balloon that is inflated outwardly to increase a radial moment arm of the force applied thereby, relative to a neutral axis of the catheter, to more readily deflect the distal tip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Eric Seibel, Per Reinhall
  • Patent number: 7857626
    Abstract: Conductive elastomeric circuits are used in various simulated physiological structures such as tissues and organs, enabling feedback to be provided indicating whether a simulated task is being performed correctly. For example, a surgical trainer has a simulated human tissue structure made of an elastomeric composition, at least one reinforcing layer of a fibrous material, and at least one flexible electrical circuit. The surgical trainer preferably includes multiple areas for practicing surgical skills, each with evaluation circuits for providing feedback regarding that skill. Conductive elastomers are also incorporated into other types of medical training simulators, to similarly provide feedback. In another embodiment, a simulated organ has a conductive elastomeric circuit in the periphery of the simulated organ, enabling feedback to be provided to evaluate whether a person is properly manipulating the organ in response to a manual applied pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Inventor: Christopher C. Toly