Abstract: A method of manufacturing ultrafine particles of a compound composed of at least two elements on the surface of a substrate made of at least one material selected from the group including an organic material and an inorganic material, the method including: depositing a first element onto a surface of the substrate to provide a layer of particles of the first element; depositing successively at least one additional element onto the layer of the first element on the surface of the substrate to provide respective layers of particles of the at least one additional element, the successive depositions taking place at respective deposition rate ranges which are effective for forming a compound by spontaneously alloying the first element and the at least one additional element over a time period effective to provide a preselected area density; and reacting the layers of particles on the substrate at a reaction temperature ranging from below 32.degree. C. to -173.degree. C., and under a vacuum ranging from 10.sup.
Abstract: A filter that has a resonator operated in series resonance and a two-pole terminal resonator circuit with a resonator whose electric conductance can be divided into a useful component and a parasitic component. A first differential stage actuated by a signal source and having two active elements whose ground connections are each linked to a respective current source and to a respective connection of the two-terminal resonator. A compensation circuit having two connections and which simulates the parasitic component of the resonator electric conductance is connected to a second differential stage which actuated by the signal source, is of the same type as the first differential stage, and has two active elements whose ground connections are each linked to a respective current source and to a respective connection of the compensation circuit. An evaluation circuit is linked to the two mutually reversed, i.e. connected in phase opposition, output connections of the two differential stages.
March 2, 1994
Date of Patent:
June 25, 1996
Temic Telefunken microelectronic GmbH
Rolf Bohme, Johann Burkhart, Johann Traub, Konrad Hirsch
Abstract: A coin operated entertainment machine includes a housing, viewing windows disposed on the housing, and rotating bodies disposed within the housing behind the viewing windows. The rotating bodies have symbols thereon which can be displayed behind the viewing windows. A computer control unit determines a win or loss of a game played on the entertainment machine based on combinations, showing through the viewing windows, of the symbols on the rotating bodies. At least one enticement device is disposed within the housing and includes an enticement element visible from a region outside the housing. The enticement element further comprises individual mirror segments thereon.
November 3, 1994
Date of Patent:
May 7, 1996
Horst Niederlein, Horst Heinen, Konrad Rieck
Abstract: In a laser radar system, in which pulses from a laser are focused by a telescope onto a target, the back-scattered radiation being deflected by polarizing beam splitter onto a detector in conjunction with a reference beam, the reference beam being produced from pulses derived from the pulse laser by the beam splitter, the pulses making repeated journeys around a cavity and a proportion of the pulse being emitted each time so that each input pulse produces a multiplicity of output pulses to form the reference beam, thereby avoiding the need for a separate laser for the reference beam.
Abstract: A device for operating a gas discharge lamp (11) which is triggered by pulses which are transmitted by a starting device (14). In order to isolate the electrical components of a ballast (12) or a power supply apparatus (10) during the starting process, a reactor (13) which is constructed as a saturable reactor is provided in the ballast. The inductance of the saturable reactor is reduced by the operating current flowing after starting of the lamp (11). The device according to the invention is particularly suitable for starting high-pressure gas discharge lamps, the starting power of the lamp (11) made available by the starting device (14) being made virtually completely available.
Abstract: An .alpha.-amino acid amide is prepared by reaction of an N.sup..alpha. -aryloxycarbonylamino acid with a compound containing a free amino group. This process makes it possible readily to prepare peptides, by direct reaction between the carboxyl group of the N.sup..alpha. -aryloxycarbonyl derivative of an amino acid and the free amino group of a second amino acid or of a peptide fragment, without requiring protection of the carboxyl function of the second amino acid or of the peptide fragment, nor a coupling agent nor a deprotection step.
Abstract: Novel polypeptide compositions based on the amino acid sequence of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) are provided having improved properties over natural tissue plasminogen activator. Particularly, enhanced specific activity, reduced response to inhibition by plasminogen activator inhibitor, fibrin stimulation of plasminogenolytic activity and/or enhanced affinity to fibrin surfaces are provided by modifying one or more loci by deletions or substitutions. One or both of the N- or C-termini may be modified.
December 22, 1986
Date of Patent:
March 26, 1996
Chiron Corporation, Behringwerke AG
Nancy L. Haigwood, Ernest-Guenter Afting, Guy Mullenbach, Eric P. Paques
Abstract: A delay time measurement method for ultrasound of the type wherein a testing head transmits an excitation pulse that is as close as possible to the shape of a shock wave and traverses a pretravel path until it reaches the object to be examined which has a front wall and a rear wall, with at least one reflected pulse being generated at its front wall as well as at its rear wall. To improve the above-mentioned type method so that delay time measurements for thickness determinations and abnormalities can be performed reliably even on rough surfaces and if reflected pulses are missing or falsified, a time window is determined for the recording of reflected pulses that follow the excitation pulse, within which window all successive reflected pulses are digitized.
Abstract: A disposable biosensor for measuring changes in viscosity and/or density in a test fluid includes a disposable housing surrounding a measuring chamber. A piezoelectric element is disposed in the measuring chamber and constitutes an oscillating unit. The piezoelectric element has a measuring surface adapted to be wetted with a measuring mixture comprising the test fluid and a reaction component. The reaction component is disposed inside the measuring chamber in a vicinity of and not touching the measuring surface of the piezoelectric element before any test fluid is introduced into the measuring chamber. Access is provided in the disposable housing for introducing the test fluid into the measuring chamber so that the test fluid comes into contact with the reaction component and the measuring surface of the piezoelectric element upon its introduction into the measuring chamber.
Abstract: A piston-and-control rod assembly includes a hollow piston having a skirt; axially spaced, circumferential piston ring grooves provided in the skirt; a radial crown having an inner face; and a bearing block projecting from a central portion of the inner face and having a bearing bore oriented radially to the piston axis. The bearing bore is situated in a zone approximately radially adjacent the piston ring grooves. The assembly further includes a connecting rod having a main connecting rod body; a head portion located at an end of the main connecting rod body and being laterally offset relative thereto in a direction of offset; and a piston pin affixed to the head portion and projecting unilaterally therefrom in a direction opposite to the direction of offset. The piston pin is received in the bearing bore.
Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for increasing scanning line numbers for TV video signal utilizing a three dimensional medial filter. The method and apparatus inhibit the picture quality from being deteriorated due to a vertical resolution decreasing, shimmering and step edge phenomenon and the like occurring at the intra-field interpolation system, inter-field interpolation system and motion adaptive interpolation system which are conventional scanning line number increasing systems that increase TV scanning line number.
Abstract: A CPU connected to a memory storing module programs has an instruction cache for reading a module header heading a module program and module instructions following the module header out of the memory, and storing and transferring them. An operand cache reads module data included in the module program of interest out of the memory, and stores and transfers them. A processing section performs arithmetic and logical operations in pipelining with the module header of the module program transferred from the instruction cache and with the module data transferred from the operand cache. A pipelined instruction control controls other circuitry of the CPU by decoding the module instructions of the module program transferred from the instuction cache. The CPU transfers the module header to the processing section via the instruction cache while writing the whole block of module header and module instructions to the instruction cache.
Abstract: An oriented crystalline polymer includes a crystalline polymer which is oriented, preferably above its melting temperature, which is pliable in the absence of any plasticizing adjuvant, and which exhibits a tensile modulus E, measured in the drawing direction, of between 0.3 and 0.8 E.sub.0, E.sub.0 being the tensile modulus of the same polymer, unoriented.
Abstract: In an output circuit for outputting an output signal having a given potential level in response to a potential level of an input signal wherein the output signal is permitted to be in high impedance state in response to a first potential level of a reset control signal having first and second potential levels, the output circuit comprises a second control circuit for outputting a second output control signal in response to the input signal at the time when the reset control signal has the second potential level and also for outputting a third output control signal at the time delayed by a first time counting from the outputting of the second output control signal, the second control circuit having a function to stop the outputting of the second output control signal in response to the change of the potential of the reset control signal from its second potential level to its first potential level and also a function to stop the outputting of the third output control signal substantially at the same time as the
Abstract: A parameter identifier which estimates parameters of a plant includes a model, a subtracter, a delay circuit, and a parameter adaptive mechanism. Disturbances are assumed to be represented by an impulse train consisting of a finite number (=m) of impulses. The model estimates n state variables and the output of the plant on the basis of the input and output of the plant. The subtracter outputs the error between the output of the plant and the estimated output. The delay circuit delays the state variables outputted from the model by N (.ltoreq.n+m+1) samples before applying them to the parameter adaptive mechanism. The parameter adaptive mechanism calculates the parameters on the basis of the products of the error and the delayed state variables. The number N is determined such that the effect of the disturbance on the error disappears in N samples from the beginning of the disturbance.
Abstract: A frame stand for a device cabinet which has panels and serves in the installation of component carriers of industrial electronics. Four posts extend between a lower base plate and an identically-configured lid plate. To attach the panels, front brackets and rear brackets project from the base plate and the lid plate; these brackets are aligned with one another, and form recesses for cable harnesses.
Abstract: A driving system for an electric vehicle which drives wheels thereof with the aid of an AC motor via an inverter while a battery is used as a power source is constructed such that the primary side and the secondary side of the AC motor are rotatably supported in a motor frame. One of the primary and the secondary sides of the AC motor is operatively connected to a power transmission shaft for one of a left-hand wheel and a right-hand wheel via a reversible type speed reducing mechanism while the direction of rotation of the power transmission shaft is reversed relative to that of the one of the primary and secondary sides. The other one of the primary and the secondary sides of the AC motor is operatively connected to a power transmission shaft for the other one of the wheels via a non-reversible type speed reducing mechanism while the direction of rotation of the power transmission shaft is kept unchanged relative to that of the other one of the primary and secondary sides.
Abstract: In a hydraulic device a variable capacity pump adapted to record a differential pressure via a control valve is actuated in such a way that a constant operational pressure gradient is maintained. Since the variable capacity pump is driven by a rotary current motor, which is connected to a current source by a frequency converter and is regulable with regard to its speed, it is possible to control hydraulic consumers in an energy-saving manner at a reasonable price.