Patents Represented by Attorney Thomas R. Berthold
  • Patent number: 8351155
    Abstract: A perpendicular magnetic recording hard disk drive includes a write head with a write pole and an electrically conductive coil coupled to the write pole, a write driver for supplying electrical write current to the coil to generate magnetic flux in the write pole, a spin torque oscillator (STO) that injects auxiliary magnetic flux to the write pole to facilitate magnetization switching of the write pole, and STO control circuitry. Direct electrical current to the STO induces rotation of the magnetization of a free ferromagnetic layer in the STO, which generates the auxiliary magnetic flux. The STO control circuitry may be coupled to the STO via the electrical lines that connect the write driver to the write head, the lines that connect the read amplifier to the read head, or, if the disk drive is one with thermal fly-height control (TFC), the lines that connect the TFC circuitry with the heater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: John Thomas Contreras, Manfred Ernst Schabes
  • Patent number: 8351165
    Abstract: A current-perpendicular-to-the-plane spin-valve (CPP-SV) magnetoresistive sensor has a ferromagnetic alloy comprising Co, Fe and Ge in the sensor's free layer and/or pinned layer and a spacer layer of Ag, Cu or a AgCu alloy between the free and pinned layers. The sensor may be a simple pinned structure, in which case the pinned layer may be formed of the CoFeGe ferromagnetic alloy. Alternatively, the sensor may have an AP-pinned layer structure, in which case the AP2layer may be formed of the CoFeGe ferromagnetic alloy. The Ge-containing alloy comprises Co, Fe and Ge, wherein Ge is present in the alloy in an amount between about 20 and 40 atomic percent, and wherein the ratio of Co to Fe in the alloy is between about 0.8 and 1.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Matthew J. Carey, Jeffrey R. Childress, Stefan Maat
  • Patent number: 8338006
    Abstract: A method for planarizing a magnetic recording disk that has surface features of elevated lands and recessed grooves includes forming two coatings of cured perfluorinated polyether (PFPE) polymers over the surface features. The disk may have a protective carbon overcoat with a surface that replicates the topography of lands and grooves. A liquid functionalized-PFPE is applied over the disk surface and then cured to form a first coating with the functionalized end groups bonding to the carbon overcoat. A liquid non-functionalized-PFPE polymer is then applied over the functionalized-PFPE coating and cured to form a second coating. The combined coatings substantially planarize the disk surface so that there is minimal recession between the top of the coating over the lands and the top of the coating over the grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Qing Dai, Xing-Cai Guo, Dan Saylor Kercher, Mike Suk
  • Patent number: 8323515
    Abstract: A method for making a master disk to be used for nanoimprinting patterned-media magnetic recording disks uses sidewall lithography. In one implementation, the master disk substrate has a first pattern of concentric rings formed on it by sidewall lithography, followed by a second pattern of generally radially-directed pairs of parallel lines, also formed by sidewall lithography, with the pairs of parallel lines intersecting the rings. An etching process is then performed, using the upper pattern as an etch mask, to remove unprotected portions of the underlying concentric rings. This leaves a pattern of pillars on the substrate, which then serve as an etch mask for an etching process that etches unprotected portions of the master disk substrate. The resulting master disk then has pillars of substrate material arranged in a pattern of concentric rings and generally radially-directed pairs of parallel lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Thomas R. Albrecht
  • Patent number: 8320080
    Abstract: A spin-torque oscillator (STO) has a single free ferromagnetic layer that forms part of both a giant magnetoresistance (GMR) structure with a nonmagnetic conductive spacer layer and a tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) structure with a tunnel barrier layer. The STO has three electrical terminals that connect to electrical circuitry that provides a spin-torque excitation current through the conductive spacer layer and a lesser sense current through the tunnel barrier layer. When the STO is used as a magnetic field sensor, the excitation current causes the magnetization of the free layer to oscillate at a fixed base frequency in the absence of an external magnetic field. A detector coupled to the sense current detects shifts in the free layer magnetization oscillation frequency from the base frequency in response to external magnetic fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Patrick Mesquita Braganca, Bruce Alvin Gurney, Jordan Asher Katine
  • Patent number: 8320078
    Abstract: A perpendicular magnetic recording write head has an improved antiparallel-coupled laminated main pole (MP) with a tapered trailing edge. The laminated MP has three ferromagnetic layers and two non-magnetic antiparallel-coupling (APC) layers. A first ferromagnetic layer (FM1) has a thickness T1 and a planar end face at the air-bearing surface (ABS). A second ferromagnetic layer (FM2) has a total thickness T2 and includes a first portion with a thickness T4 that has an end face coplanar with the end face of FM1 and a second portion with a tapered end face. A first APC layer separates FM1 and FM2. A third ferromagnetic layer (FM3) has a thickness T3 and a tapered end face that is coplanar with the tapered end face of FM2. A second APC layer separates FM2 and FM3. The net flux is minimized at both the ABS and at MP cross-sections recessed from the ABS.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Alexander M. Zeltser, Stefan Maat, Wen-Chien David Hsiao
  • Patent number: 8320232
    Abstract: A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording medium has discrete data islands that have first and second ferromagnetic layers (MAG1 and MAG2) with first and second nonmagnetic interlayers (IL1 and IL2) between MAG1 and MAG2. MAG1 and MAG2 may be similar CoPtCr alloys with similar thicknesses, with thicknesses of IL1 and IL2 that assure that MAG1 and MAG2 are strongly exchange coupled. Alternatively, MAG2 may be a “write assist” layer, for example a high-saturation magnetization, magnetically soft material in an exchange-spring structure, with IL1 being very thin so that IL2 functions as the coupling layer between MAG1 and the write-assist MAG2 layer. In an application for thermally-assisted recording (TAR), MAG2 may be the chemically-ordered equiatomic binary alloy FePt or CoPt based on the L10 phase, with high magneto-crystalline anisotropy (Ku).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Ernesto E. Marinero, Dieter K. Weller, Brian R. York
  • Patent number: 8270256
    Abstract: A thermally-assisted recording (TAR) disk drive uses a “wide-area” heater with “shingled” recording. In shingled recording, the write head pole tip is wider than the read head in the cross-track direction and writes magnetic transitions by making a plurality of consecutive circular paths that partially overlap. The non-overlapped portions of adjacent paths form the data tracks, which are thus narrower than the width of the write pole tip. The data tracks are grouped into annular bands and when data is to be rewritten, all of the data tracks in an annular band are also rewritten. The wide-area heater may be a waveguide with an output end that generates a heated area on the disk recording layer which is wider than the cross-track width of the write pole tip. It has been determined that the use of a wide-area heater with shingled recording does not result in any significant adjacent track erasure (ATE).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherland B.V.
    Inventors: Jia-Yang Juang, Hal J. Rosen, Barry Cushing Stipe, Timothy Carl Strand, Petrus Antonius VanDerHeijden
  • Patent number: 8268461
    Abstract: A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording disk has a Co-alloy recording layer patterned into discrete data islands arranged in concentric tracks and exhibits a narrow switching field distribution (SFD). The disk includes a substrate, a NiTa alloy planarizing layer on the substrate, a nonmagnetic Ru-containing underlayer on the planarizing layer, an oxide-free Co alloy magnetic recording layer, and an ultrathin oxide film between the Ru-containing layer and the Co-alloy magnetic recording layer. The oxide film may be an oxide selected from a Ta-oxide, a Co-oxide and a Ti-oxide, and is ultrathin so that it may be considered a discontinuous film. The planarizing layer and ultrathin oxide film improve the growth homogeneity of the Co-alloy recording layer, so that the patterned disk with data islands shows significantly reduced SFD.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Olav Hellwig, Ernesto E. Marinero, Dieter K. Weller
  • Patent number: 8265065
    Abstract: The invention is a method and system for reliably detecting the start and/or end of silence periods during voice-over-internet-protocol (VoIP) sessions in a wireless communications network. A VoIP session typically includes “talkspurt” periods, during which VoIP packets are transmitted, and silence periods, during which silence indication (SID) packets are transmitted. Both the base station (eNodeB or eNb) and the mobile device (user equipment or UE) may inspect the packets to identify them as VoIP or SID packets. Alternatively, only the eNB inspects the packets. The eNB then flags the first SID packet after a VoIP packet as the start of a silence period, and flags the first VoIP packet after a SID packet as the end of a silence period. The eNB then modifies the header of the medium access control (MAC) protocol data unit (PDU) prior to transmission to the UE. The UE then detects the modified MAC headers to identify the start and/or end of silence periods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventor: Shugong Xu
  • Patent number: 8257598
    Abstract: The invention is a method for making a master mold to be used for nanoimprinting patterned-media magnetic recording disks. The method uses conventional optical or e-beam lithography to form a pattern of generally radial stripes on a substrate, with the stripes being grouped into annular zones or bands. A block copolymer material is deposited on the pattern, resulting in guided self-assembly of the block copolymer into its components to multiply the generally radial stripes into generally radial lines of alternating block copolymer components. The radial lines of one of the components are removed and the radial lines of the remaining component are used as an etch mask to etch the substrate. Conventional lithography is used to form concentric rings over the generally radial lines. After etching and resist removal, the master mold has pillars arranged in circular rings, with the rings grouped into annular bands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R. Albrecht, Ricardo Ruiz
  • Patent number: 8252437
    Abstract: A magnetic recording disk has surface features of elevated lands and recessed grooves, and a planarized upper surface. A chemical-mechanical-polishing (CMP) stop layer is deposited over the lands and into the recesses. An adhesion film, like silicon, is deposited over the CMP stop layer, and fill material containing a silicon oxide (SiOx) is deposited over and in contact with the adhesion film. The adhesion film improves the adhesion of the SiOx fill material and prevents delamination during a subsequent two-step CMP planarizing process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Vijay Prakash Singh Rawat, Kurt Allan Rubin
  • Patent number: 8252153
    Abstract: A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording disk has a pre-patterned disk substrate with pillars and trenches arranged in data regions and servo regions. In the data regions, the height of the data pillars is equal to or greater than the spacing between the data pillars, while in the servo regions the height of the servo pillars is less than the spacing between the servo pillars. A magnetic recording material with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is deposited over the entire disk substrate, which results in magnetic material on the tops of the data pillars and servo pillars and in the servo trenches. The material in the data trenches is either nonmagnetic or discontinuous. After the application of a high DC magnetic field in one perpendicular direction and a low DC magnetic field in the opposite direction, the resulting disk has patterned servo sectors with servo pillars all magnetized in the same perpendicular direction and servo trenches magnetized in the opposite perpendicular direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R Albrecht, Zvonimir Z. Bandic, Olav Hellwig, Gabriel Zeltzer
  • Patent number: 8233247
    Abstract: A “scissoring-type” current-perpendicular-to-the-plane giant magnetoresistive (CPP-GMR) sensor has magnetically damped free layers. In one embodiment each of the two free layers is in contact with a damping layer that comprises Pt or Pd, or a lanthanoid (an element selected from the group consisting of La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Th, Yb, and Lu). Each of the two free layers has one of its surfaces in contact with the sensor's electrically conducting nonmagnetic spacer layer and its other surface in contact with its associated damping layer. A nonmagnetic film may be located between each free layer and its associated damping layer. In another embodiment the damping element is present as a dopant or impurity in each of the two free layers. In another embodiment a nanolayer of the damping element is located within each of the two free layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Matthew J. Carey, Jeffrey R. Childress, Stefan Maat, Neil Smith
  • Patent number: 8233240
    Abstract: An integrated lead suspension (ILS) in a magnetic recording disk drive has the transmission line portion of the ILS between the flex cable and the gimbal formed of multiple interconnected segments, each with its own characteristic impedance. At the interface between any two segments there is a change in the widths of the electrically conductive traces of the transmission line. The change in impedance of a fixed-length segment is a function of the change in its trace width. The number of segments and their characteristic impedance values are selected to produce the largest frequency bandwidth with a substantially flat group delay from the write driver to the write head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: John Thomas Contreras, Luiz M Franca-Neto
  • Patent number: 8218270
    Abstract: A hard magnet biasing structure for a CPP-GMR or CPP-TMR read head for a magnetic recording disk drive is located between the two sensor shields and abutting the side edges of the sensor free layer. An insulating layer is located between the biasing structure and the lower shield and the side edges of the free layer. The biasing structure includes a seed layer of either Ir or Ru, a layer of ferromagnetic chemically-ordered FePt alloy hard bias layer on the seed layer, and a Ru or Ru/Ir capping layer on the FePt alloy hard bias layer. The FePt alloy has a face-centered-tetragonal structure with its c-axis generally in the plane of the layer. The relatively thin seed layer and capping layer allow the biasing structure to be made very thin while still permitting the FePt alloy hard bias layer to have high coercivity (Hc), a high remanent magnetization-thickness product (Mrt) and a high squareness (S=Mrt/Ms).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Alexander M. Zeltser, Stefan Maat
  • Patent number: 8208228
    Abstract: A magnetoresistive (MR) sensor or read head for a magnetic recording disk drive has multiple independent current-perpendicular-to-the-plane (CPP) MR sensing elements. The sensing elements are spaced-apart in the cross-track direction and separated by an insulating separation region so as to be capable of reading data from multiple data tracks on the disk. The sensing elements have independent CPP sense currents, each of which is directed to independent data detection electronics, respectively. Each sensing element comprises a stack of layers formed on a common electrically conducting base layer, which may be a bottom magnetic shield layer formed of electrically conducting magnetically permeable material. Each sensing element has a top electrical lead layer. A top magnetic shield layer is located above the sensing elements in contact with the top lead layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Stefan Maat, James Terrence Olson, Hal J. Rosen
  • Patent number: 8194512
    Abstract: A thermally-assisted recording (TAR) head structure has a semiconductor substrate as the head carrier with a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) on its front surface, a TAR head formed directly on the VCSEL, and a highly reflecting third mirror on its back surface. The semiconductor substrate serves as an extended cavity for the VCSEL. The TAR head is fabricated on the outer surface of the VCSEL in the same manner as proposed for fabrication of a TAR head on a conventional slider. The TAR head includes a conventional read head and write head, and an optical waveguide with a grating coupler and a near-field transducer (NFT). The laser radiation is output through a partially reflecting output mirror of the VCSEL through the front surface to the grating coupler, which turns the incoming laser radiation 90 degrees and directs it into the waveguide from where it is directed to the NFT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Barry Cushing Stipe
  • Patent number: 8189281
    Abstract: An interconnect between the write driver and the write head in a magnetic recording disk drive enables an inherent write current overshoot. The interconnect includes an integrated lead suspension (ILS) and a short flex cable that connects the write driver circuitry to the ILS. The interconnect is a two-segment transmission line, with the first segment connected to the write driver having multiple sub-segments or sections with non-uniform impedance levels. The section of the first segment that connects to the write driver is the short flex cable and has an impedance substantially higher than the source impedance ZWD of the write driver. The multiple sections of the first segment have non-uniform impedance values that have an effective impedance Z01-eff that substantially matches ZWD. The second segment of the transmission line has an effective impedance Z02-eff that is substantially less than Z01-eff. The write lines for the +W and ?W signals are preferably interleaved on the transmission line sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Michael Alex, John Thomas Contreras, Nobumasa Nishiyama
  • Patent number: 8189302
    Abstract: A graphene magnetic field sensor has a ferromagnetic biasing layer located beneath and in close proximity to the graphene sense layer. The sensor includes a suitable substrate, the ferromagnetic biasing layer, the graphene sense layer, and an electrically insulating underlayer between the ferromagnetic biasing layer and the graphene sense layer. The underlayer may be a hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN) layer, and the sensor may include a seed layer to facilitate the growth of the h-BN underlayer. The ferromagnetic biasing layer has perpendicular magnetic anisotropy with its magnetic moment oriented substantially perpendicular to the plane of the layer. The graphene magnetic field sensor based on the extraordinary magnetoresistance (EMR) effect may function as the magnetoresistive read head in a magnetic recording disk drive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Bruce Alvin Gurney, Ernesto E. Marinero, Simone Pisana