Patents Assigned to Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft-und Raumfahrt E.V.
  • Patent number: 5053630
    Abstract: In a method in which a heterodyne-laser-Doppler method is used for the demination of the sign of the direction of a particle stream, the beam from a laser source is directed by means of an optical arrangement used as an emitter optical system to a measuring volume in an interferometer device. A frequency difference between the emitted laser beam and the laser beam returning into the optical arrangement is measured through heterodyne reception by means of the same optical arrangement used as a receiving optical system; this returning laser beam is frequency-shifted because of scattering by particles moving with the same speed in the particle stream and because of the Doppler effect. In the method according to the invention, an additional Doppler shift with a definite sign then is alternately impressed on the laser beam in exactly defined areas of beam paths, the additional Doppler shift being preferably considerably smaller than the Doppler shift generated by the particle movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Dieter Hausamann, Brian W. Davis
  • Patent number: 5024526
    Abstract: A measuring instrument for simultaneous in situ determination of the spectral scatting and absorption coefficient, which can also be called an extinction meter, has a modulated light source and an optical system encompassing the hemisphere; the optical system has a multiply folded ray path with a focal point in the volume to be measured, and through this system the measurement signal is projected to detectors. The scattering measurement signals, which are maximally enlarged in this way, are then separated from those for the absorption. The extinction meter also has not only an integrating nephelometer for monitoring purposes but also a transmission meter for low transmission factors. Because of the small three-dimensional size and the streamlined shape of the measuring portion of the extinction meter, the extinction meter can be carried in aircraft and surface vehicles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1991
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Heribert von Redwitz
  • Patent number: 4989810
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for influencing a laminar-turbulent boundary layer transition on bodies in flow is indicated. The disturbances are in this case introduced into the boundary layer in an unsteady manner. The disturbances are induced by blowing-out and sucking-off and/or by oscillations of the surface and/or by sound pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt E.V.
    Inventors: Hans U. Meier, Alois Maier, Ming de Zhou
  • Patent number: 4951136
    Abstract: For remote aerial or satellite reconnaissance of the earth using an optoetronic camera that takes area photographs and has one or more line scanners associated with it, or a combination of such cameras, a series of overlapping individual pictures is taken at regular intervals. In the overlapping zone of adjacent individual area pictures, the positions of corresponding pixels or picture zones, so-called partial images, are then selected for mutual orientation of the photographing positions of the area camera or cameras. Finally, the orientation data from the optoelectronic area camera or cameras are transmitted to the line scanner by fixed orientation or measurement of the relative orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignees: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Ingenieurburo Burkhard Braumer
    Inventors: Armin Drescher, Burkhard Braumer
  • Patent number: 4934483
    Abstract: Method of reducing the overflying noise of airplanes having a propeller den by a piston engine. The propeller is arranged on the engine shaft in such a way that positive components of the engine sound pressure fall on negative components of the propeller sound pressure. It is preferable to use an engine/propeller combination in which the number of engine ignitions per revolution of the propeller shaft divided by the number of the propeller blades is an integer, preferably being equal to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Michael Kallergis
  • Patent number: 4928007
    Abstract: An opto-electronic A/D converter comprises an input light source, an input nterferometer, and a plurality of parallel multistable interferometers the optical lengths of which are controlled by respective electrodes, the outputs of the parallel interferometers being converted by photodiodes into electrical signals which are used both to supply a digital output of the converter and as feedback signals to both the respective and an adjacent one of the parallel interferometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Norbert Furstenau, Christopher Watts
  • Patent number: 4928012
    Abstract: A system for measuring electromagnetic radiation originating from the hemhere corresponding to a solid angle of 2.pi. is provided wherein a highly sensitive low-inertia detector is disposed below a transmissive dome and wherein the chopped light detection method is utilized. There are provided above the transmissive dome two similarly or differently designed modulators which are in the shape of dome segments and which are fitted into each other. At least one of the modulators rotates about their common vertical axis or the modulators may both rotate about the common vertical axis, either at the same or a different speed in the same direction or in opposite directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Dieter Lorenz
  • Patent number: 4924478
    Abstract: A method of and device for contactless measuring of temperature of an object independently of its emissivity in infrared and/or visible range, is based on finding, by means of Planck law of radiation a curve which is the sum of the radiance or radiant intensity of a radiator having temperature and emissivity of the object and the radiance or radiant intensity of a radiator having the temperature of environment, the latter radiation being reflected by the object with the reflectivity .rho.=1-.epsilon. where .epsilon. is the emissivity of the object. The actual temperature of the object is found from the curve which is most similar to the curve of at least two values of radiance or radiant intensity detected from the object, plotted against the wavelengths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt E.V.
    Inventor: Volker Tank
  • Patent number: 4917576
    Abstract: In a method for conveying a liquid at or in the proximity of its boiling temperature, in particular, liquid hydrogen, by means of a pump which draws the liquid from a storage container through a suction entrance port, in order to prevent undesired bubble formation in the suction region, it is proposed that the pressure in the storage container be increased for a short time during the suction phase of the pump above the equilibrium pressure of the liquid in the storage container. An apparatus for performing this method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Walter Peschka, Gottfried Schneider
  • Patent number: 4916904
    Abstract: The injection element comprises a fuel inlet, an oxidant inlet, a mixing mber for fuel and oxidant, and an ignition device for a mixture of fuel and oxidant. To ensure optimum mixing of the reaction components and efficient ignition even in the case of small reactors, the fuel inlet opens into an ignition chamber having a widened flow cross-section, the ignition chamber has an outlet having a cross-section smaller than the flow cross-section of the ignition chamber, the outlet of the ignition chamber and the oxidant inlet open into the mixing chamber, an ignition oxidant inlet opens into the ignition chamber and the ignition device is disposed in the ignition chamber immediately upstream of its outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Manfred Ramsaier, Hans J. Sternfeld, Karlheinz Wolfmuller
  • Patent number: 4918610
    Abstract: The distance measuring Equipment (DME) is a well-approved means for short nge navigation in international civil aviation. It utilizes the inherent capacity of the system in most applications to a relatively small degree. Therefore, additional functions can be integrated into the system such as data links, ground derived slant range measurement equipment and direction finders (growth potential). Thus, the DME can be extended to an Integrated Navigation, Communication, and Surveillance System. This system may be superior by technical, as well as by economical and operational reasons, to conventional solutions, which use separate systems for the different functions. The integrated system can be composed in different ways using different sets of the DME growth elements. A promising set is described and applied to a scenario of helicopter operations with oil rigs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1990
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Alfred R. G. Becker
  • Patent number: 4905665
    Abstract: A device for converting solar energy into process heat has a number of heat xchanging pipes traversing a heat exchanger chamber. A first partial stream of gas to be heated is delivered to inlets of the pipes via an upper distribution chamber, and the first partial stream of gas is subsequently collected from outlets of the pipes in a lower distribution chamber. An inlet aperture of the heat exchanger chamber receives sunlight radiation and a second partial stream of gas to be heated, the second partial stream of gas flowing around the heat exchanger pipes. The heat exchanging pipes absorb the solar radiation and heat both the first partial stream flowing through the pipes and the second partial stream flowing around the pipes. The heated second partial stream is collected by a heated gas outlet conduit connected to the heat exchanger chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignees: Didier-Werke ag, Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Michael Geyer, Christian Streuber, Horst Kalfa
  • Patent number: 4873433
    Abstract: An electromagnetic radiation detecting device comprises at least one radion detector for detecting electromagnetic radiation from a hemisphere, a radiation-transparent protective hood covering the or each detector, and a rotary chopper to alternately shield the or each detector and associated hood from arriving radiation and to expose the detector and hood to such radiation. The chopper comprises a carrier disc, which is rotatable about an axis parallel to a radiation-receiving area of the or each detector, and at least one hollow semicylindrical shielding member fixed at the periphery of the disc and curved in the axial direction of the semicylindrical shape. The or each shielding member is movable on a circular path by the disc to alternately shield and reveal the hood covering the or each detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs - und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft - und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Dieter Lorenz
  • Patent number: 4853938
    Abstract: He--Ne gas discharge tube having a cylindrical tube body with an inside cathode cylinder and end walls which are inserted into ends of the tube body and which have for two capillary tubes, outside ends of which are closed by means of Brewster windows, exhaust pipe and connecting pin for the cathode cylinder. The tube, the end walls and the capillary tubes consist of calcium alkalisilicate glass or calcium alumosilicate glass. The end walls are sealingly connected by means of glass solder to the tube body, the capillary tubes, the exhaust pipe and the cathode connecting pin. The He--Ne gas discharge tube is characterized by a high helium tightness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Rudolf F. W. Neubauer, Werner W. Jungbluth, Dieter H. Laschinski
  • Patent number: 4851697
    Abstract: An optical head, to which laser light is supplied, produces, in a measuring volume, at least two focusing points at which particles flowing through the measuring volume are illuminated and cause scattered radiation which is collected by the optical head. The laser beam is directed, via at least one first light guide, to the optical head. From the optical head, the radiation received from the measuring volume is supplied, via at least one second light guide, to a light receiving means. The optical head is small-sized and may be rotated about its optical axis by means of a rotating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Richard Schodl
  • Patent number: 4842653
    Abstract: The process relates to the improvement of the static and dynamic mechanical roperties of (.alpha.+.beta.) titanium alloys by thermomechanical treatment, wherein the alloys produced by melting and forging and/or hot isostatic pressing of powders are deformed by more than 60% with simultaneous strain-hardening at a temperature just above the recrystallization temperature of the relevant alloys in one or more steps, with structure stress-relief heatings being performed without complete recrystallization between these individual steps, the shaped part is then tempered for 2 to 4 min near the transus of the alloy, quenched and then aged at temperatures in the range of from 400.degree. to 600.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fur luft-und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Gunter Wirth, Karl-Josef Grundhoff, Hartmut Schurmann
  • Patent number: 4840486
    Abstract: The apparatus contains a dispersion means (DP) decomposing the incident laser beam into a number of colors (C1-C5) spacially separated from each other. The focusing points of said colors are subsequently traversed by particles contained in the flow. The light from the measuring volume (MV) is conducted via the dispersion means to a light receiving means (AV) in which the light is decomposed again into the individual colors. Due to a switching means (SE), the colors used for the measurment are selectible. Thus, the space of the focusing points used for the measurement may be varied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Richard Schodl
  • Patent number: 4835393
    Abstract: To improve the accuracy and reduce the sensitivity of interference absorptions in a method for determining the concentration of formaldehyde in a medium by an absorption measurement in the range of at least one characteristic absorption band of the formaldehyde and, in the appropriate instance, subtraction of an interference absorption which is determined by at least one absorption measurement in a wavelength range outside of the characteristic absorption band of the formaldehyde, it is proposed that a discharge be maintained at a current strength of several milliamperes in a hollow-cathode lamp filled with molecular nitrogen at a pressure of less than 2 millibar to generate the radiation for the absorption measurement, that the absorption measurement be performed on at least two different characteristic absorption bands of the formaldehyde with absorption coefficients at a previously known ratio to one another which lie in the range of emissions of the gas discharge in the hollow-cathode lamp, that the ratio
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventor: Lutz Krauss
  • Patent number: 4829824
    Abstract: Method for the digital peak value measurement for ultrasonic test pulses having a predetermined pulse repetition frequency. After amplification, the input signal to be measured is present at a comparator circuit the output of which is connected, within a predetermined time slot, periodically generated, for the expected signal time range, to a memory which is reset at the beginning of the time slot. The received signal is applied to a window comparator the window width of which corresponds to one voltage step of a reference voltage which is supplied by a D/A converter and which can be changed in steps. The D/A converter is controlled by a digital counter the direction of counting of which is controlled in dependence on the memory contents and which is stopped in the case of equality between the received signal within the time slot and the respective reference voltage. The display is derived from the final count.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Hillger, Jurgen D. E. Klebusch
  • Patent number: 4813342
    Abstract: A reciprocating pump for a cryogenic fluid includes a pump cylinder made of a material with low thermal expansivity, a piston displaceable in the pump cylinder, and self-lubricating piston rings made of polytetrafluorethylene held on the circumferential surface of the piston. The rings have a larger thermal expansivity than the pump cylinder. The arrangement allows optimum matching of piston rings and pump cylinder at cryogenic fluid pumping temperatures. The piston has a core made of a material with relatively large thermal expansivity which is surrounded by a spacer sleeve made of a material with a low coefficient of thermal expansion. The core protrudes on both sides from the spacer sleeve and has expanding regions increasing conically towards its free ends. The piston rings surround the core in the expanding regions and are supported against the end faces of spacer sleeve. The conical expanding regions bias the rings toward the cylinder at low temperatures to insure effective sealing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Assignee: Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Gottfried Schneider, Walter Peschka