Patents Assigned to Headway Technologies, Inc.
  • Patent number: 10657988
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for forming a perpendicular magnetic recording writer with an all wrap around (AWA) shield design wherein a surface of the leading shield that contacts the lead gap has a notch that is recessed 20 to 120 nm from the air bearing surface (ABS) and has a first side with a down-track dimension of 20-200 nm that is aligned parallel to the ABS. In one embodiment, the notch is aligned below the main pole leading side and has a cross-track width substantially the same as the track width of the main pole trailing side. The notch has two sidewalls formed equidistant from a center plane that bisects the leading shield wherein each sidewall intersects the first side at an angle of 90 to 170 degrees. Accordingly, overwrite and bit error rate are improved while adjacent track interference and tracks per square inch capability are substantially maintained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ying Liu, Yuhui Tang, Jiun-Ting Lee, Yue Liu
  • Patent number: 10643640
    Abstract: A PMR writer is disclosed wherein a top yoke (TY) is extended toward the air bearing surface (ABS) and below a top coil for faster saturation speed and better frequency extendibility without wide adjacent track erasure trade-off. The TY extension has a front side recessed 0.9-1.3 microns from the ABS, and has a backside below an inner corner of a PP3 trailing shield that is 2-2.6 microns from the ABS. TY thickness is from 0.3-0.8 micron and the TY is preferably used with a 1+1T coil design, and a PP3 trailing shield apex angle of 60° to 80° for better high data rate performance. Magnetic modeling shows rise time is shorter than for a conventional TY. The top yoke design is compatible with various base writer structures. When used in selectable double writers or selectable triple writers, each writer has a separate TY, main pole, and bottom yoke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Yue Liu, Ying Liu, Yuhui Tang, Jiun-Ting Lee
  • Patent number: 10629233
    Abstract: A PMR read/write head configured for thermally assisted recording (TAMR) includes thermally active bumper pads formed to each side of a write element to provide enhanced touchdown (TD) protection to the write head element where it emerges adjacent to the plasmon near-field spot produced by the TAMR apparatus. The bumper pads are disposed about the write head and absorb heat energy generated by active heating elements, the write current and the energy generated by the TAMR apparatus. Absorption of this energy causes the bumper pads to expand and protrude outward from the slider ABS to protect the read/write head from both intentional and unanticipated touchdown events. The PMR read/write head is then mounted on a slider and the assembly is incorporated into a hard disk drive (HDD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignees: SAE Magnetics (H.K.) Ltd., Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Siu Yin Ngan, Qinghua Zeng, Ellis Cha, Kowang Liu, Xuhui Jin
  • Publication number: 20200118588
    Abstract: A bottom shield in a read head is modified by including a non-magnetic decoupling layer and second magnetic layer on a conventional first magnetic layer. The second magnetic layer has a magnetization that is not exchange coupled to the first magnetic layer, and a domain structure that is not directly affected by stray fields due to domain wall motion in the first magnetic layer. Accordingly, the modified bottom shield reduces shield related noise on the reader and will provide improved signal to noise (SNR) ratio and better reader stability. The second magnetic layer may be further stabilized with one or both of an antiferromagnetic coupling scheme, and insertion of an antiferromagnetic pinning layer. In dual readers, the modified bottom shield is used in either the bottom or top reader although in the latter, first magnetic layer thickness is reduced to maintain reader-to-reader spacing and acceptable bit error rate (BER).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Publication date: April 16, 2020
    Applicant: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10593357
    Abstract: A hard magnet stabilization scheme is disclosed for a top shield and junction shields for double or triple dimension magnetic reader structures. In one design, the hard magnet (HM) adjoins a top or bottom surface of all or part of a shield domain such that the HM is recessed from the air bearing surface to satisfy reader-to-reader spacing requirements and stabilizes a closed loop magnetization in the top shield. The HM may have a height and width greater than that of the top shield. The top shield may have a ring shape with a HM formed above, below, or within the ring shape, and wherein the HM stabilizes a vortex magnetization. HM magnetization is set or reset from room temperature to 100° C. to maintain a desired magnetization direction in the top shield, junction shield, and free layer in the sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Junjie Quan, Glen Garfunkel, Yewhee Chye, Kunliang Zhang, Min Li
  • Patent number: 10586558
    Abstract: A magnetic head includes a main pole and a write shield. The write shield includes a bottom shield, a first side shield and a second side shield. The first side shield has first and second sidewalls. The second side shield has third and fourth sidewalls. Each of the second and fourth sidewalls has a top edge farthest from a top surface of a substrate. The top edge of each of the second and fourth sidewalls is parallel to a medium facing surface. A portion of a top surface of the bottom shield, the first sidewall, and the third sidewall define a receiving section to receive a portion of the main pole. The receiving section has a bottom including a first inclined portion, a second inclined portion, and a third inclined portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: HEADWAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Yoshitaka Sasaki, Hiroyuki Ito, Kazuki Sato, Shigeki Tanemura, Hironori Araki, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Kei Hirata
  • Patent number: 10586560
    Abstract: A PMR (perpendicular magnetic recording) head is configured for thermally assisted magnetic recording (TAMR). The thermal energy is supplied by the near-fields of plasmons and the near-fields are directed to a magnetic recording medium by a PPG layer. The PPG layer is Rhodium (Rh) whose small-grained crystal structure normally makes it subject to thermal deformations and other weaknesses. By growing the PPG layer on a thin template layer (TTL), the portion of the PPG layer adjacent to the air-bearing surface (ABS) develops a larger grain size and stronger forces between its atomic constituents which makes it resistant to those deformations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Shengyuan Wang, Weihao Xu, Cherng-Chyi Han, Xuhui Jin, Min Li, Kunliang Zhang
  • Patent number: 10580441
    Abstract: A Spin Hall Effect (SHE) assisted magnetic recording device is disclosed wherein a stack of two SHE layers with an intermediate insulation layer is formed between a main pole (MP) trailing side and trailing shield (TS) bottom surface. Both of the SHE layers are a Spin Hall Angle (SHA) material with an absolute value for SHA>0.05. The SHE layers have front sides at the air bearing surface (ABS) or recessed therefrom, and backsides up to 80 nm from the ABS. Current (ISHE) is applied in a cross-track direction and synchronized with the write current. A first SHE layer generates transverse spin transfer torque that tilts a local MP magnetization at the MP trailing side to enhance the MP write field, and the second SHE layer generates transverse spin transfer torque that tilts a local TS magnetization at the TS bottom surface to increase the TS return field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wenyu Chen, Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10566013
    Abstract: A light source unit for thermally-assisted magnetic head includes a substrate member having a bonding surface, multiple layers formed on the bonding surface and comprising a base layer, a connection pad layer, an insulation layer and a bonding layer; a light source assembly attached on the bonding layer of the substrate member and having a laser diode embedded therein and connected to the connection pad layer on the bonding surface, so as to form a laser diode circuit; and a heater buried in the insulation layer and connected to the connection pad layer, so as to form a heater circuit. The light source unit can maintain stable heat power for facilitating performance of the thermally-assisted magnetic head, and further reduce the sizes of the light source unit and substrate member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignees: SAE MAGNETICS (H.K.) LTD., HEADWAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Takashi Honda, Ryo Hosoi, Wah Chun Chan, Makoto Kawato, Dayu Zhou, Koji Shimazawa, Kowang Liu
  • Patent number: 10559318
    Abstract: A Spin Hall Effect (SHE) assisted magnetic recording device is disclosed wherein a SHE layer comprising a giant Spin Hall Angle material is formed between a main pole (MP) trailing side and trailing shield (TS) bottom surface. The SHE layer may contact one or both of the MP and TS, has a front side at the air bearing surface (ABS) or recessed therefrom, and a backside up to 80 nm from the ABS. Current (ISHE) is applied in a cross-track direction and synchronized with the write current. Depending on SHE layer placement, a transverse spin transfer torque is applied to one or both of a local MP magnetization at the MP trailing side and a local TS magnetization at the TS bottom surface thereby tilting the former to a direction that enhances the MP write field and tilting the latter to a direction that increases the TS return field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wenyu Chen, Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10545287
    Abstract: A manufacturing method for a waveguide includes forming a core including a first and a second layer. The first layer has a top surface including a first region opposed to a bottom surface of the second layer, and a second region not opposed to the bottom surface of the second layer. Forming the core includes a step of forming an initial first layer, an etching stopper layer on the second region of the top surface of the initial first layer, an initial second layer on the initial first layer and the etching stopper layer, and a step of etching the initial second layer until the etching stopper layer is exposed, to make the initial second layer into the second layer. A difference between the refractive index of the etching stopper layer and the core is smaller than or equal to 10% of the refractive index of the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: HEADWAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Yukinori Ikegawa, Yoshitaka Sasaki, Hiroyuki Ito, Shigeki Tanemura, Hironori Araki
  • Patent number: 10522173
    Abstract: A bottom shield in a read head is modified by including a non-magnetic decoupling layer and second magnetic layer on a conventional first magnetic layer. The second magnetic layer has a magnetization that is not exchange coupled to the first magnetic layer, and a domain structure that is not directly affected by stray fields due to domain wall motion in the first magnetic layer. Accordingly, the modified bottom shield reduces shield related noise on the reader and will provide improved signal to noise (SNR) ratio and better reader stability. The second magnetic layer may be further stabilized with one or both of an antiferromagnetic coupling scheme, and insertion of an antiferromagnetic pinning layer. In dual readers, the modified bottom shield is used in either the bottom or top reader although in the latter, first magnetic layer thickness is reduced to maintain reader-to-reader spacing and acceptable bit error rate (BER).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10522178
    Abstract: A PMR writer is disclosed with an all wrap around (AWA) shield design in which one or more of the leading shield, lead edge taper (LET), and side shields are comprised of a low moment high damping (LMHD) magnetic material having a damping constant ?0.04 and a magnetic flux density (Bs) from 1 kilogauss (kG) to 8 kG. The LMHD magnetic material may be FeNiM, FeCoM, FeNM, or FeCoNiM where M is a 3d, 4d, or 5d transition metal. The LET layer has a tapered side adjoining the leading gap and with a thickness that decreases to zero at height h1 of 50 nm to 500 nm from the air bearing surface. The leading shield also has a backside at h1. Wide adjacent track erasure is minimized while area density capability is enhanced compared with conventional shields with Bs from 10-19 kG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ying Liu, Yue Liu, Kei Hirata, Yuhui Tang
  • Patent number: 10522174
    Abstract: A spin torque transfer (STT) assisted magnetic recording structure is disclosed wherein a magnetic flux guiding (MFG) device is formed between a main pole (MP) trailing side and a trailing shield (TS). The MFG device has a field generation layer (FGL) separated from first and second spin polarization (SP) layers by first and second non-magnetic layers, respectively. First and second SP layers have magnetizations in opposite directions so that when a direct current of sufficient magnitude is applied from the MP to TS, or from the TS to MP in other embodiments, FGL magnetization flips to a direction toward the MP and opposes a write gap field flux thereby enhancing the write field. Additive torque from two SP layers on the FGL enables lower current density for FGL flipping or a greater degree of FGL flipping at a given current density compared with MFG schemes having a single SP layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wenyu Chen, Shohei Kawasaki, Tetsuya Roppongi, Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10490216
    Abstract: A spin torque transfer (STO) assisted magnetic recording structure is disclosed wherein a STO device has capability to generate a radio frequency (RF) field on a magnetic bit to lower the required write field during a write process. The STO device contains a field generation layer (FGL) with a magnetization that flips to a direction opposite to the write gap field when a current of sufficient current density is applied thereby increasing reluctance in the write gap and causing a larger write field output at the air bearing surface. A key feature is that a single spin polarization (SP) layer and an antiferromagnetically coupled SP layer comprised of SP1 and SP2 layers are formed on opposite sides of the FGL. SP1 magnetization is greater than SP2 magnetization. Additive torque from SP and SP2 layers on the FGL enables FGL flipping while SP1 and SP2 precessional states provide the RF field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wenyu Chen, Shohei Kawasaki, Tetsuya Roppongi, Yan Wu
  • Patent number: 10490210
    Abstract: A PMR writer is disclosed with a leading shield in which a lower (LS2) layer, a middle LS1 layer, and an upper leading edge taper (LET) layer have a damping parameter?0.04, and extend from an air bearing surface (ABS) to a first height (h1) from the ABS. The LS2 layer has a notch filled with dielectric material at the air bearing surface (ABS) that extends to a height?h1, or may be completely replaced with dielectric material. Two notch front sides each form an angle ? with the LS1 bottom surface, and two notch inner sides between the ABS and LS2 backside form angle ? with the ABS where each of ? and ? is from 10 degrees to 170 degrees. Accordingly, bits per square inch performance is improved while substantially maintaining tracks per square inch capability for an overall gain in area density capability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ying Liu, Yue Liu, Kei Hirata, Yuhui Tang
  • Patent number: 10490213
    Abstract: A method of forming a PMR writer with an all wrap around (AWA) shield design in which one or more of the leading shield, side shields, and trailing shield (TS) structure (except the hot seed layer) at the air bearing surface (ABS) are comprised of an alloy having a damping parameter ? of ?0.04 to minimize wide area track erasure (WATE). The TS structure comprises two outer magnetic layers with an 8-16 kiloGauss (kG) saturation magnetic moment (Ms) on each side of a center stack with a lower write gap, a middle hot seed layer (Ms of 19-24 kG), and an upper magnetic layer (Ms of 16-24 kG). The hot seed layer and upper TS magnetic layer promote improved area density capability (ADC). A second TS layer with Ms of 16-24 kG and a full width at the ABS may be formed on the upper magnetic layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Yue Liu, Ying Liu, Yuhui Tang, Jiun-Ting Lee, Moris Dovek, Yiming Wang
  • Patent number: 10482905
    Abstract: A dual perpendicular magnetic recording writer is disclosed wherein the better of two writers on a slider is determined by performance testing, and is then integrated into a head gimbal assembly. Main pole layers in the two writers are separated by a cross-track width <10 microns to minimize read-write offset. Each of the driving coil (DC) and bucking coil (BC) have two outer portions forming a U shape with a front side, and each have a center portion connected to the front side proximate to an air bearing surface and a backend contacting an interconnect. A write current passes from a BC outer portion below the main pole in the selected writer through the BC center portion to the interconnect, and then through the DC center portion to a DC outer portion above the main pole in the selected writer. Area density capability mean and sigma are improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kowang Liu, Yuhui Tang, Moris Dovek
  • Patent number: 10446178
    Abstract: A microwave assisted magnetic recording (MAMR) writer has a recessed spin flipping element formed in the write gap between the MP tapered trailing side and a first trailing shield, a thickness ? to the write gap thickness, and a width ? to a maximum width of the MP tapered trailing side. The spin flipping element has a lower non-spin preserving layer, a middle flux guiding layer (FGL), and an upper spin preserving layer. The FGL has a magnetization that flips to a direction substantially anti-parallel to the write gap field when a current of sufficient magnitude is applied from the trailing shield towards the MP thereby increasing reluctance in the write gap and forcing additional flux out of the MP at the air bearing surface to enhance writability and tracks per inch capability on a recording medium while maintaining bits per inch capability compared with conventional MAMR writers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuhui Tang, Ying Liu
  • Patent number: 10424326
    Abstract: A spin torque transfer (STT) assisted magnetic recording structure is disclosed wherein a magnetic flux guiding (MFG) device is formed between a main pole (MP) trailing side and a trailing shield (TS). The MFG device has a field generation layer (FGL) separated from first and second spin polarization (SP) layers by first and second non-magnetic layers, respectively. First and second SP layers have magnetizations in opposite directions so that when a direct current of sufficient magnitude is applied from the MP to TS, or from the TS to MP in other embodiments, FGL magnetization flips to a direction toward the MP and opposes a write gap field flux thereby enhancing the write field. Additive torque from two SP layers on the FGL enables lower current density for FGL flipping or a greater degree of FGL flipping at a given current density compared with MFG schemes having a single SP layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Headway Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Wenyu Chen, Shohei Kawasaki, Tetsuya Roppongi, Yan Wu