Amazon Patents

Amazon.com, Inc. sells electronics, books, media and other general merchandise through its websites. The company also manufactures and sells electronic devices, including its Kindle e-Readers, Fire tablets and Fire phones. The company also provides services to developers and enterprises through Amazon Web Services, which offers computing, storage, database, analytics and deployment services.

Amazon Patents by Type

  • Amazon Patents Granted: Amazon patents that have been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Amazon Patent Applications: Amazon patent applications that are pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Patent number: 10129094
    Abstract: In a multi-tenant web services platform, a request to allocate a subset of the customer's reserved computing resource capacity as a variable resource is received from a customer. The platform is allowed to modify one or more parameters of the subset in accordance with at least one criterion without modifying the remaining portion of the customer's reserved computing resource capacity. The subset is analyzed in accordance with the at least one criterion. The parameters of the portion of the subset are modified based on the analysis of the subset.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Karthigeyan Seetharaman
  • Patent number: 10127388
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed for mitigating against registering a domain name that is confusingly similar to a pre-existing domain name, possibly for the purpose of fooling users. In embodiments, a domain name is presented for registration. The domain name is rendered as an image, and optical character recognition is performed on the image to extract the rendered text. This extracted text is compared against a list of domain names for which confusingly similar domain names cannot be registered, and when the extracted text matches a domain name in this list of domain names, registration of the domain name is denied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Stefan Popuveniuc, Peter Zachary Bowen, Alexander Edward Schoof, Andrew Jeffrey Doane, Todd Lawrence Cignetti, Robert Eric Fitzgerald
  • Patent number: 10127123
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments for distributing data items within a plurality of nodes. A data item that is subject to a data item update request is updated from a master node to a plurality of slave notes. The update of the data item is determined to be locality-based durable based at least in part on acknowledgements received from the slave nodes. Upon detection that the master node has failed, a new master candidate is determined via an election among the plurality of slave nodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael T. Helmick, Jakub Kulesza, Timothy Andrew Rath, Stefano Stefani, David Alan Lutz
  • Patent number: 10127195
    Abstract: Selective content presentation for the purpose of self-imposed censoring of content is implemented on an electronic device. The selective content presentation involves acquiring a content suppression preference for suppressing content presentation at an electronic device. Subsequently, a content portion and a content selection tag for the content portion are also received at the electronic device. When the electronic device determines based on the content selection tag that a part of content portion is designated for suppression by the content suppression preference, the part of the content portion is obstructed by the electronic device to form a modified content portion. The modified content portion is further presented to a user via the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason A. Bliss, Luan Nguyen, Geoffrey E. Endresen, Brian T. Smith, Bethel Shawn McMillan
  • Patent number: 10127234
    Abstract: A recommendations manager (RM) of a file system service identifies a file system object group (FSOG) for which proactive placement recommendations are to be generated using statistical analyzes. Usage metrics collected from the FSOG are used to train a model. Predictions obtained from the model are used to generate a recommendation to transfer a file system object proactively from one storage device group of the service to another. The recommendations are provided to an object migrator of the service to initiate the transfer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Karthikeyan Krishnan, Abdul Sathar Sait
  • Patent number: 10129074
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments for receiving, via a network, a request from a client to establish a network tunnel over the network. A credential is received from the client in order to establish the network tunnel. The client is authenticated based upon the credential. The client negotiates, via the network, to establish the network tunnel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Ahmed Fuad Siddiqui
  • Patent number: 10129114
    Abstract: Techniques for exposing network health over network connections in service provider network are disclosed. Monitors such as connection tracking modules may be configured to process network information (e.g., TCP connection state information) relating to network traffic and to transmit the network information to a health manager for analysis. As an example, a customer may request network information relating to a virtual instance provided by a service provider. In response to the request, TCP connection state information relating to the virtual instance may be extracted and processed to determine a network health condition. Information relating to the determined network health condition may be provided to the requesting customer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Marcin Piotr Kowalski, Richard Hazen Galliher, III, Ian Paul Nowland
  • Patent number: 10129731
    Abstract: Network hardware devices organized in a wireless mesh network (WMN) in which one network hardware devices includes multiple radios. A processing device of a first network hardware device scans a channel of the first radio for access point (AP) beacon frames that each contains information identifying a mesh network device in a WMN. The processing device creates a list of a plurality of mesh network device from the AP beacon frames and transmits a location probe transmission by each of the plurality of radios one sector at a time in a neighbor discovery process. The processing device receives metrics of the location probe transmissions received by the plurality of mesh network devices in the neighbor discovery process and configures each of the plurality of radios to communicate with one of a set of neighbor mesh network devices using the metrics in a neighbor selection process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Lori Yoshida, Andrew David Price, Varadaranjan Gopalakrishnan, Yi Zhu, Sheung Mei Chan
  • Publication number: 20180322017
    Abstract: A system that implements a data storage service may store data for database tables in multiple replicated partitions on respective storage nodes. In response to a request to restore a given table that was backed up in a remote storage system (e.g., key-value durable storage system), the service may create a new table, and may import a copy of each of the partitions of the given table from the remote storage system into the new table. The request to restore the table may specify a modified value for a configuration parameter for the table or for one of its partitions. The service may apply the new configuration parameter value to the table or its partitions during the restore operation. The new configuration parameter value may indicate an increase or decrease in storage capacity or throughput capacity, and its application may automatically trigger a partition split or move operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Maximiliano Maccanti, Timothy Andrew Rath, Rama Krishna Sandeep Pokkunuri, Akshat Vig, Clarence Wing Yin NG, Srivaths Badrinath Copparam, Rajaprabhu Thiruchi Loganathan, Wei Xiao, William Alexander Stevenson
  • Publication number: 20180324247
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for coordinating inter-region operations in provider networks. An inter-region coordinator (IRC) operates asynchronously to the control planes of regional networks to coordinate inter-region operations. The IRC in a region may include one or more IRC servers. To perform inter-region operations, the servers may implement a local-remote-local method in which a server invokes an API in the local region to get work, sends the work to a control plane of a remote region, receives a response from the remote region, and informs the control plane in the local region of the status of the work.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Logan Michael Hood, Jonathan Galentine, Vincent Gerard Nicotra
  • Publication number: 20180322751
    Abstract: Security devices and associated methods have a housing, a camera with a field of view of a monitored area outside the housing, a microphone to sense audio from the monitored area, a speaker to generate sound audible to the monitored area, an illumination source to illuminate the monitored area, a communication module to communicate with a communication network, a motion sensor to detect motion within the monitored area, at least two removable battery casings, each configured via a release button to hold at least one battery within the housing, and a control circuit that, when the motion sensor detects motion, is operable to (a) activate the illumination source, (b) capture video and audio from the camera and the microphone, and (c) send the captured video and audio to a remote server via the communication module and the communication network.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Spiro Sacre, Matthew J. England, Robert Tso, Samuel Taeyoung Lee, Mark Siminoff, James Siminoff, Christopher Loew
  • Publication number: 20180322066
    Abstract: Modifications to throughput capacity provisioned at a data store for servicing access requests to the data store may be performed according to cache performance metrics. A cache that services access requests to the data store may be monitored to collected and evaluate cache performance metrics. The cache performance metrics may be evaluated with respect to criteria for triggering different throughput modifications. In response to triggering a throughput modification, the throughput capacity for the data store may be modified according to the triggered throughput modification. In some embodiments, the criteria for detecting throughput modifications may be determined and modified based on cache performance metrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Muhammad Wasiq, Nima Sharifi Mehr
  • Publication number: 20180324085
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for interfaces to manage inter-regional connectivity for direct network peerings. A system may include a connectivity coordinator, a first resource collection in a first geographical zone and a second resource collection in a second geographical zone. The coordinator implements a programmatic interface defining connectivity operations. The coordinator receives a request via the interface to establish a logically isolated network path to the second resource collection on behalf of a client that has a dedicated physical link set up to connect to the first resource collection. In response to the request, the coordinator performs one or more configuration operations to enable traffic to flow from the client's network to the second resource collection over a logically isolated network path using the dedicated physical link.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew J. Doane, Kevin Christopher Miller, David B. Lennon
  • Publication number: 20180324033
    Abstract: A system that implements a data storage service may store data on behalf of storage service clients. The system may maintain data in multiple replicas of various partitions that are stored on respective computing nodes in the system. The system may employ a single master failover protocol, usable when a replica attempts to become the master replica for a replica group of which it is a member. Attempting to become the master replica may include acquiring a lock associated with the replica group, and gathering state information from the other replicas in the group. The state information may indicate whether another replica supports the attempt (in which case it is included in a failover quorum) or stores more recent data or metadata than the replica attempting to become the master (in which case synchronization may be required). If the failover quorum includes enough replicas, the replica may become the master.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy Andrew Rath, Jakub Kulesza, David Alan Lutz
  • Publication number: 20180322149
    Abstract: A configuration manager of a storage service receives a set of service requirements, comprising one or more of: a performance requirement for one or more types of storage operations, or an access interface type requirement Based on the service requirements, a candidate storage configuration that includes one or more data store instances and a first log-based transaction manager is generated. Subsequent to an approval of the first storage configuration by a client, the establishment of the data store instances and the log-based transaction manager is initiated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Henry Vermeulen, Omer Ahmed Zaki, Upendra Bhalchandra Shevade, Gregory Rustin Rogers
  • Patent number: 10118723
    Abstract: Described herein are systems and techniques for determining a pack station for storing inventory in a materials handling facility, routing item packages to pack stations based on size ranges for custom containers and optimizing dimensions of custom containers based on dimensions of a shipping container. For example, the systems described herein may allocate a percentage of inventory to a custom inventory location that is physically near custom container forming devices, thereby reducing the cost to pick, sort, pack and route items for shipment, storing or otherwise handling in a custom container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: David Henry Clark, Dean Christopher Fullerton, Patricia T. Shigihara, Kevin R. Vliet, Jon S. Battles, Brian C. Smith, Sebastian Lehmann, Jaffin James, Lakshmi S. Nidamarthi
  • Patent number: 10118692
    Abstract: Techniques for using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to deliver a payload while generating an expected sound by the UAV during delivery may be provided. For example, during delivery or while in flight, propellers of different sizes that are associated with the UAV may be instructed to modulate at different rotational speeds to thereby generate an expected sound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian C. Beckman, Michael Rolnik
  • Patent number: 10119814
    Abstract: A system for recommending a size of a wearable item implements a method that includes identifying a reference wearable item and a size for the reference wearable item. The system accesses a wearable item database and retrieves a three-dimensional model of the reference wearable item. The system also receives, via a user interface, a functional requirement. The system accesses the wearable item database and identifies set of candidate objects, each of which satisfies the functional requirement. Based on the size of the reference wearable item, the system will determine a size for each of the candidate objects. The system will select at least one of the plurality of candidate objects as a recommended object and presents each recommended object and the size of each recommended object to a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Tyler Wilkinson, Grant B. Fresen, Nicholas B. End, Erich Wolodzko
  • Patent number: 10119272
    Abstract: A structure installed at a station can include an interference member held above a mobile drive unit area of the station. The interference member can be positioned to allow an inventory holder and a mobile drive unit to pass underneath. The interference member can also be positioned to contact a topside of the inventory holder to prevent the inventory holder from tipping into a worker area of the station that is adjacent to the mobile drive unit area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ashish Shah, Amy Demicco, Curtis H. Nauseda, Yvetta Pols Sandhu, Brian Waite
  • Patent number: 10120579
    Abstract: Techniques for implementing a data management scheme for optimizing data storage are described herein. A deletion quantity or other metric relating to deletions of data within a first storage zone are tracked. Upon detection that the tracked deletion metric meets certain criteria, the data within the first storage zone are moved to a second storage zone. A verification of the data to be moved is also performed, and if such verification indicates that at least a portion of the data is corrupted, routines repairing and/or restoring at least the corrupted portion are initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kestutis Patiejunas, Colin L. Lazier, James Christopher Sorenson, III
  • Patent number: 10120880
    Abstract: Systems and methods are described that recommend images, items, and/or metadata based at least in part on a reference color palette or reference color name. A color name can be converted into a representation of the color name in a color space. The reference color can be used to identify images that contain the reference color. The identified images and associated metadata can be analyzed, sorted and provided as an ordered list of items. Systems and methods are also described that identify items that contain colors affiliated with the reference color. Systems and methods are also described that validate color identifier information in metadata associated with an image. Systems and methods are also described that identify non-color specific keywords associated with the reference color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Shearer Dorner, Robert Yuji Haitani, Timothy Andrew Ong, Gonzalo Alberto Ramos, Paul Barnhart Sayre, III
  • Patent number: 10120582
    Abstract: Technologies are provided for dynamically changing a size of a cache region of a storage device. A storage device controller writes data to the cache region of the storage device using a particular storage format. The storage device controller then migrates the cached data to a storage region of the device, where the data is written using a different storage format. A dynamic cache manager monitors input and output activity for the storage device and dynamically adjusts a size of the cache region to adapt to changes in the input and/or output activity. The dynamic cache manager can also adjust a size of the storage region. The storage device controller can automatically detect that the storage device has dynamic cache support and configure the storage device by creating the cache region and the storage region on the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Munif M. Farhan, Phyllis Ng, Darin Lee Frink, Nafea Bshara
  • Patent number: 10121301
    Abstract: A first user associated with a structure (e.g., a home, a building, etc.) may authorize a second user to access the structure when the first user is not present. The second user may request to access the structure via a website associated with a URL that was previously provided. The second user may be verified/authenticated based on an access code input via the web site, a proximity of a device to the structure, and/or times in which the second user is authorized to access the structure. The second user may indicate, via the website, a desire to lock/unlock a structure entrance (e.g., a door) to the structure that contains a smart lock. Upon receiving a selection to lock/unlock the structure entrance, a service provider sends an instruction to the smart lock, causing the structure entrance to become locked/unlocked, and allowing the second user to access or secure the structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret Ren, Unyoung Kim, Kristine Anne Hanson, Priti Marappan, Jenish Shah, Rohit Shrivastava, Tian Yu, Jing Zhu
  • Patent number: 10120515
    Abstract: Electronic devices having a display stack that includes LED light sources combined with at least one other component layer are described. In some instances, the LED light sources are coupled to a dedicated touch sensor circuit layer, which removes an entire layer from the display stack. The touch sensor circuit layer can be installed with an addition portion of flexible printed circuitry extending the length of a lightguide and the LEDs can be installed on that flex. In other instances, particularly when the touch sensor layer is deposited directly on the interior surface of the cover glass, the LEDs can also be mounted to the glass itself, thereby potentially eliminating two layers from the display stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Hany Mounir Ghali, Siddharth Gupta
  • Patent number: 10121026
    Abstract: A secure containment enclosure such as an equipment rack is disclosed that includes an electronic locking system. The electronic locking system locks and, upon receipt of a valid credential to a credential input device, unlocks an access door to the secure containment enclosure. The electronic locking system locks the access door during normal operation, and is prevented from unlocking the access door during normal operation and for a predetermined period of time after the secure containment enclosure is powered off to ensure that all data on electronic devices in the secure containment enclosure is erased. Other security features include storage encryption, network encryption, preventing administrative logon access to customers' compute nodes, and dedicated instances in which only virtual machines from specified customer accounts can be located on the same electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark Ryland
  • Patent number: 10120184
    Abstract: Subject matter disclosed herein relates to improving luminance and reducing color shifts in electrowetting displays. The electrowetting display comprises a plurality of electrowetting elements separated by partition walls and spacers. The spacers and/or partition walls are reflective. When incident light that enters a pixel or subpixel is reflected and encounters a spacer and/or partition wall, the light is reflected such that the reflected light exits the pixel or subpixel into which the incident light entered. This improves luminance and reduces color shifts of the electrowetting display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Erno Hermanus Antonius Langendijk, Christian Etienne Hendriks, Tulasi Sridhar Reddy Guntaka, Steven Ramos Carneiro, Pavel Novoselov
  • Patent number: 10120893
    Abstract: A technology is described for preparing and storing data to a content-addressable storage. An example method may include identifying defining characteristics for data that is to be stored in a content-addressable storage (CAS). A storage preparation model that may be associated with the defining characteristics of the data may be identified, wherein the storage preparation model may include specifications for dividing the data into data blocks and storing the data in the CAS. The data may then be divided into the data blocks based at least in part on the specifications of the storage preparation model, and metadata may be generated that specifies how to retrieve the data blocks from the CAS and provides an order used to reassemble the data using the data blocks retrieved from the CAS. The metadata may be included in the data blocks and the data blocks may be stored in the CAS.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: David Ricardo Rocamora, Michael Joseph Ruiz
  • Patent number: 10121121
    Abstract: Interposer assemblies may be inserted between a traditional shelf and traditional supports for the shelf. Each of the interposer assemblies may be configured to generate signals corresponding to changes in loading on the traditional shelf, and information regarding the changes may be determined to identify items placed onto or removed from the traditional shelf, and locations at which the items were placed or from which the items were removed. The interposer assemblies may include one or more load cells, such as strain-gage load cells, and analog signals generated by the load cells may be processed to determine a mass of an item placed on the shelf or removed therefrom. The item, and a location corresponding to the item, may be determined based on the mass and according to standard equilibrium procedures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeremy Samuel De Bonet, Nicholas Charles McMahon, Jacob Alex Siegel
  • Patent number: 10121122
    Abstract: An RFID device may include one or more manually activated RFID tags configured to transmit unique RFID signals in response to a manual activation thereof. A transaction may be defined upon receiving a confluence of multiple RFID signals at the same time, or at nearly the same time, at an RFID reader. A transaction may also be defined upon receiving multiple RFID signals or confluences of such signals in a predetermined series or sequence. The RFID devices may include a single manually activated RFID tag, or two or more of such tags, which may be individually activated by one or more manual interactions from a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan Scott Russell, Wesley Scott Lauka, Ned Lecky, Joshua Joel Boelter
  • Patent number: 10121003
    Abstract: Methods and devices for detection of malware, such as ransomware, are disclosed. Ransomware encrypts files, making them useless to the owner. The entropy value of files is calculated and, in response to a predetermined event, such as a write operation to the file, a new entropy value is calculated. If the change in entropy value exceeds a threshold, or if the magic number of a file is missing or is inconsistent with the file type, then malware may be present. Steps are then taken to prevent further encryption by the malware.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Gavin Anthony Adams
  • Patent number: 10121031
    Abstract: Techniques for determining an item location based on multiple RFID parameters from multiple read events are described. In an example, a computer system may access a first read event. A first RFID reader located within a first zone may have generated the first read event at a first time. The first read event may identify an RFID tag and may include first RFID parameters. The computer system may access a second read event. A second RFID reader located within a second zone may have generated the second read event at a second time within a predefined amount of time from the first time. The second read event may identify the RFID tag and include second RFID parameters. The computer system may determine whether the item location falls within the first zone or the second zone based on two or more first RFID parameters and two or more second RFID parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Kantor, Tak Keung Joseph Lui
  • Patent number: 10121017
    Abstract: A system uses information submitted in connection with a request to determine if and how to process the request. The information may be electronically signed by a requestor using a key such that the system processing the request can verify that the requestor has the key and that the information is authentic. The information may include information that identifies a holder of a key needed for processing the request, where the holder of the key can be the system or another, possibly third party, system. Requests to decrypt data may be processed to ensure that a certain amount of time passes before access to the decrypted data is provided, thereby providing an opportunity to cancel such requests and/or otherwise mitigate potential security breaches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Branchek Roth, Matthew James Wren, Eric Jason Brandwine, Brian Irl Pratt
  • Patent number: 10121034
    Abstract: Methods and systems are disclosed that relate to causing indicators to present indications. Sensor data associated with a space of a fixture that includes a set of slots may be received. The sensor data may indicate that a sensor has sensed a condition of a container relative to the space. It may be determined that the condition corresponds to a slot of the set of slots based at least in part on the sensor data. Information usable to associate the container with a record may be generated. An indicator corresponding to the slot may be caused to produce an indication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Scott Bathurst, Matthew Bartol, Nelson Andres Ramon, James Gregory Martin, Will Seidelman
  • Patent number: 10120929
    Abstract: An item categorization service is described that automatically categorizes items of interest to a user. The user may possess an item that they wish to offer for sale using a network-based service. The user may submit item information to the item categorization service to categorize the item of interest. Upon receipt, the categorization service may assess the relevance of the item information to hierarchically organized categories maintained by the network-based service. Categories having the highest relevance may be identified as first category candidates. The deepest common ancestor of the first category candidates may be identified the first category. One or more categories, representing sub-categories of the first category, may be identified as and subjected to relevance assessment. Those sub-categories having the highest relevance may be identified as second category candidates. The deepest common ancestor of the second category candidates may be identified as a second category for the item of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Cyrus Khoshnevisan, Abhishek Kansal, Lam D. Nguyen, Michael Paul Touloumtzis
  • Patent number: 10120905
    Abstract: A probabilistic counting structure such as a hyperloglog may be formed during a table scan for each of a selected set of columns. The columns may be selected based on an initial estimate of relatedness, which may be based on data types of the respective columns. An estimated cardinality of an intersection or union of columns may be formed based on an intersection of the probabilistic data structures. A join path may be determined based on the estimated cardinality of an intersection or union of the columns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Anurag Windlass Gupta, Timothy Andrew Rath, Srinivasan Sundar Raghavan, Santosh Kalki
  • Patent number: 10120779
    Abstract: Techniques for debugging of hosted computer programs are described herein. Execution of a set of instances of a computer program may be hosted by a service on behalf of a developer. The developer may indicate one or more error conditions and an amount of program instances to be monitored for the error conditions. The error conditions may include breakpoints, processing conditions, memory conditions, network packet conditions, and others. A subset of the program instances may be monitored for an error conditions. An error condition may then be detected at a first program instance. A notification of the occurrence of the error condition may be provided to the developer along with information for connecting to the first program instance. The developer may connect to and debug the first program instance, and may also access information such as a memory dump, performance logs, network packet information, and more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Hok Peng Leung, Antonio Vargas Garcia, Geoffrey Scott Pare
  • Patent number: 10121117
    Abstract: Techniques for providing a verification of a flight path or landing zone may be provided. For example, during delivery an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) may capture one or more images of a plurality of delivery locations within an area. A computer system may generate one or more image templates or filters using the one or more images and subsequently use the image filters to verify a flight path or landing zone for a delivery by the UAV during flight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Patrick Boyd, Chengwu Cui, Sarah Graber, Barry James O'Brien, Joshua John Watson, Scott Michael Wilcox
  • Patent number: 10121171
    Abstract: Methods, devices and program products are provided which comprise the under control of one or more computer systems configured with specific executable instructions. The methods, devices and program products provide an image of an item for display, and the item is comprised of a plurality of components. The methods, devices and program products receive a selection of a component of interest from the plurality of components of the item, and obtain a component-level rating associated with the component of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Chang, Min Chong, Adam Brent Johnson, John Riley Lynch, Llewellyn James Mason, Francisco Jose Peredo Noguez
  • Patent number: 10121118
    Abstract: A method of managing delivery of a group of packages to a customer delivery address. A radio transceiver establishes a communication link between a tag and a computing device. The tag is associated with a package, the package being among a group of packages to be delivered to the customer delivery address. A radio signal is received at the computing device over the link. The radio signal is representative of tracking information associated with the package, the tracking information includes a unique package code and a unique group identification code. The signal strength of the radio signal is determined. The computing device determines that the package associated with the tag belongs with the group of packages based at least in part on proximity of the tag relative to the computing device and a unique group identification code associated with the customer delivery address.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Jin Dong Kim, Sang Eun Lee
  • Patent number: 10121181
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments for surfacing local inventory. A location of a client device is determined based at least in part on a user-specified location associated with the client device or a geolocation technology using an identifier associated with the client device. It is determined that the location is within a region served by local deliveries from a materials handling facility. A first product and a second product that are stored in the materials handling facility are identified. While both the first and the second products are available for local delivery from the materials handling facility in the region, the first product is unavailable for delivery from the materials handling facility outside the region, but the second product is available for delivery from the materials handling facility outside the region. Data encoding a listing of products, including the first and second products, is sent to the client device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicole Petrich, Ian D. Clarkson
  • Patent number: 10120423
    Abstract: Described herein are unibody thermal enclosures for electronic devices. In some instances, the enclosure is a unibody structure formed by injecting a structural material into the tool suspending thermal absorbing/spreading material and thermal insulating material within a cavity of the tool. In other instances, the thermal absorbing/spreading material may be exposed to circuitry of the electronic device and the thermal insulating material may be exposed to the exterior of the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley David Urban, Troy Hulick, Shelomon Patrick Doblack, Robert Olson, Albert John Yu Sam Chua, Daniel Jones, Adam Kenneth Cybart, Gaurav Soni, William James Carter-Giannini, Matthew Michael Seflic
  • Patent number: 10121187
    Abstract: Techniques for generating and updating a video may be provided. For example, a video may be used in association with providing information about an item. Based on user interactions related to how users may view the video and decisions of users to order the item, the video may be updated. Updating the video may include rearranging segments of the video, modifying a length of a particular segment, or editing content of the particular segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Krishna Kiran Gangadharan Nair
  • Patent number: 10121185
    Abstract: A physical item with an affixed identification tag may be distributed to a user of a mobile computing device with an included reader device capable of reading an identifier stored on the identification tag. An association between the physical item and the identifier may be stored. When the mobile computing device is brought into proximity with the tagged physical item, a further association between user and identifier may be stored. The user's mobile computing device may be caused to display a digital application store user interface customized based on associations between the identifier, the physical item, and the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Tina Ram Orooji
  • Patent number: 10121471
    Abstract: An automatic speech recognition (ASR) system detects an endpoint of an utterance using the active hypotheses under consideration by a decoder. The ASR system calculates the amount of non-speech detected by a plurality of hypotheses and weights the non-speech duration by the probability of each hypotheses. When the aggregate weighted non-speech exceeds a threshold, an endpoint may be declared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Bjorn Hoffmeister, Ariya Rastrow, Baiyang Liu
  • Patent number: 10121467
    Abstract: A language model for automatic speech processing, such as a finite state transducer (FST) may be configured to incorporate information about how a particular word sequence (N-gram) may be used in a similar manner from another N-gram. A score of a component of the FST (such as an arc or state) relating to the first N-gram may be based on information of the second N-gram. Further, the FST may be configured to have an arc between a state of the first N-gram and a state of the second N-gram to allow for cross N-gram back off, rather than backoff from a larger N-gram to a smaller N-gram during traversal of the FST during speech processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ankur Gandhe, Denis Sergeyevich Filimonov, Ariya Rastrow, Björn Hoffmeister
  • Patent number: 10121494
    Abstract: A speech-capture device can capture audio data during wakeword monitoring and use the audio data to determine if a user is present nearby the device, even if no wakeword is spoken. Audio such as speech, human originating sounds (e.g., coughing, sneezing), or other human related noises (e.g., footsteps, doors closing) can be used to detect audio. Audio frames are individually scored as to whether a human presence is detected in the particular audio frames. The scores are then smoothed relative to nearby frames to create a decision for a particular frame. Presence information can then be sent according to a periodic schedule to a remote device to create a presence “heartbeat” that regularly identifies whether a user is detected proximate to a speech-capture device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Shiva Kumar Sundaram, Chao Wang, Shiv Naga Prasad Vitaladevuni, Spyridon Matsoukas, Arindam Mandal
  • Patent number: 10121465
    Abstract: Techniques for receiving a voice command from a user and, in response, providing audible content to the user via a first device and providing visual content for the user via a second device. In some instances, the first device includes a microphone for generating audio signals that include user speech, as well as a speaker for outputting audible content in response to identified voice commands from the speech. However, the first device might not include a display for displaying graphical content. As such, the first device may be configured to identify devices that include displays and that are proximate to the first device. The first device may then instruct one or more of these other devices to output visual content associated with a user's voice command.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Michael Hart, Jeffrey P. Bezos
  • Patent number: 10120665
    Abstract: Application source code that includes notation indicating a latency level between methods is evaluated. Based in part on the latency level, scores for method dependencies are calculated. A set of packages is generated for the methods in accordance with a clustering strategy that is based at least in part on the scores. The set of packages is then deployed to at least one host in accordance with an affinity threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald Widharta Sunarno
  • Patent number: 10122788
    Abstract: Managed function execution for processing data streams in real time may be. A function that describes one or more operations to be performed with respect to one or more data streams may be received via programmatic interface for a managed stream processing system. Stream processing nodes capable of applying the function may be determined and execution of the one or more operations may be initiated at the stream processing nodes as data records of the data stream are received. Results of the application of the processing function may be provided to one or more destinations specified for the function. Performance metrics may also be collected for the execution of the function and provided to a client that submitted the function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Gaurav D. Ghare, Roger Shane Barga
  • Patent number: D832851
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Monica Liane Mecchella, Jesse Wheeler Moore