Patents Examined by Albert Gagliardi
  • Patent number: 7282712
    Abstract: An infrared sensor of this invention is characterized by including a support member including a support film and a substrate that supports the support film, a polysilicon film which ranges from above a concavity to above the substrate, SiO2 which is formed on the polysilicon film and has a first junction hole above the concavity and a second junction hole above the substrate, an aluminum film which is connected to the polysilicon film through the first junction hole and connected to an adjacent polysilicon film through the second junction hole, and a heat absorption layer formed above the concavity to cover a portion above the first junction hole, wherein the aluminum film is stacked on the corresponding polysilicon film via the SiO2 above the concavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventor: Katsumi Shibayama
  • Patent number: 7265353
    Abstract: A system for detecting and identifying low-level (weak) radioactive sources moving past stationary detectors. The system, which can detect low-level sources moving at speeds of 30 m/s (about 70 mph), uses the differences between background counts and gamma counts from a moving source to determine that a source has passed the detector, when a source has passed the detector, and the identification of the source. This system has been demonstrated to work successfully for ordinary passenger vehicles transporting a variety of sources, and also for boats at lower speeds on a waterway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: ARA, Inc.
    Inventor: Rollin M. Evans
  • Patent number: 7247861
    Abstract: A two dimensional image production method by using a solid-state image sensing device, wherein the solid-state sensing device comprises a picture element producing part where electric charges generated by way of photo-electric conversion when receiving exposure is stored as charge signals, and a dark current measuring part where a dark current is stored without receiving exposure. The method comprising the steps of: preparing and storing in advance the output ratio data for a fixed exposure time between dark current component of each pixel element or each pixel element column in the picture element producing part and that of a specified pixel element or a specified pixel element column in the dark current measuring part, and producing sequentially pixel datum removed a dark current component while performing radiography, by executing a predetermined arithmetic operation for the signals of the electric charges outputted from the picture element producing part depending on the output ratio data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2007
    Assignee: J. Morita Manufacturing Corporation
    Inventors: Masakazu Suzuki, Takahiro Yoshimura, Takeshi Hayashi, Makoto Honjo
  • Patent number: 7244934
    Abstract: A method for investigating the macromolecular structure of a molecular sample, the method composing irradiating the sample with radiation having a plurality of frequencies in the range of 25 GHz to 20 THz; detecting radiation reflected from and/or transmitted by said sample to obtain a spectra of the sample; and identifying structure in the resultant spectra which arises from intermolecular interactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: TeraView Limited
    Inventors: Donald Dominic Arnone, Philip Francis Taday
  • Patent number: 7244947
    Abstract: A broad spectrum neutron detector has a thermal neutron sensitive scintillator film interleaved with a hydrogenous thermalizing media. The neutron detector has negligible sensitivity to gamma rays and produces a strong and unambiguous signal for virtually all neutrons that interact with the hydrogenous volume. The interleaving of the layers of thermal neutron sensitive phosphors helps ensure that all parts of the thermalizing volume are highly sensitive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Science Applications International Corporation
    Inventors: Raulf M. Polichar, Janis Baltgalvis
  • Patent number: 7244942
    Abstract: A method for producing a high resolution detector array so as to provide very high packing fraction, i.e., the distance between scintillator elements is minimized so the detector efficiency will be higher than is currently achievable. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fabrication methodology is enhanced by handling LSO bars rather than single crystals when gluing on the Lumirror® as well as etching the LSO. Namely, an LSO boule is cut into wide bars of a selected dimension, for example 30 mm, which are then acid etched or mechanically polished. A selected number, N, of these LSO bars can then be glued together with Lumirror® sheets between each bar (coating the LSO disks and Lumirror® sheets with Epotek 301-2). The glued bar block is then cut again into bars in a perpendicular direction, and these new LSO-Lumirror® bars are etched.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Andreaco, Charles W. Williams, J. Clifton Moyers, Keith Vaigneur
  • Patent number: 7238945
    Abstract: The present invention is a directed to a CT detector for a CT imaging system that incorporates a segmented optical coupler between a photodiode array and a scintillator array. The segmented optical coupler also operates as a light collimator which improves the light collection efficiency of the photodiode array. The segmented optical coupler is defined by a series of reflector elements that collectively form a plurality of open cells. The open cells form light transmission cavities and facilitate the collimation of light from a scintillator to a photodiode. The cavities may be filled with optical epoxy for sealing to the photodiode array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David M. Hoffman, Michael F. Hoge
  • Patent number: 7238949
    Abstract: The invention relates to a conductor crossover for a semiconductor detector, particularly for a drift detector for conducting X-ray spectroscopy. The conductor crossover comprises at least two doped semiconductor electrodes (2), which are placed inside a semiconductor substrate (1), at least one connecting conductor (M), which is guided over the semiconductor electrodes (2), and a first insulating layer (Ox). An intermediate electrode (L) is situated between the connecting conductor (M) and the first insulation layer (Ox). Said intermediate electrode overlaps the area of the semiconductor substrate (1) between the semiconductor electrodes (2) and is electrically insulated from the connecting conductor (M) by at least one additional insulation layer (I). The invention also relates to a drift detector equipped with a conductor crossover of this type and to a detector arrangement for conducting X-ray spectroscopy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Wissenschaften E.V.
    Inventors: Lothar Struder, Gerhard Lutz, Rainer Richter
  • Patent number: 7235788
    Abstract: A detector for a tomography unit, in particular an X-ray computer tomograph, includes a number of detector modules arranged next to one another in a z-direction and in a ?-direction running perpendicular thereto. In order to specify the adjustment, the detector modules bear against an adjusting plate on the beam input side. First adjusting devices are provided on the detector modules on the beam input side engaging with second adjusting devices, corresponding thereto and provided on the adjusting plate, for the purpose of accurately positioning the detector modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Thomas Von der Haar
  • Patent number: 7230261
    Abstract: In a radiation image storage panel having an energy storable phosphor layer formed by a gas phase-accumulation method, the energy storable phosphor layer gives off an emission having a luminescence width in terms of d in the range of 150 to 395 ?m when it is exposed to radiation and then excited with a stimulating light of 50 ?m half-width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuo Iwabuchi, Yuichi Hosoi
  • Patent number: 7227151
    Abstract: In a photoelectric conversion device, in order to suppress alteration of its properties during a long time use, lower the decrease of the S/N ratio due to a dark current output, and shorten image-pickup cycles, MIS type photoelectric conversion elements using an amorphous semiconductor material are connected with an electric power source for applying bias for photoelectric conversion, an electric power for resetting an accumulated electric charge, and a setting point for applying zero bias at the time of non-operation of the element through a switch. Emitted x-rays from an x-ray source, which is a first light source, come into collision against phosphor after being transmitted through an object body to be inspected and then are absorbed in the phosphor to be converted into visible light rays. The visible light rays from the phosphor are radiated to the photoelectric conversion elements. Prior to reading out of the x-ray image, an LED light source is lighted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Tadao Endo
  • Patent number: 7220967
    Abstract: A radioactive material detection system includes a plurality of radioactive material detection apparatuses and a command center. Each apparatus is disposed in or on a cargo receptacle. Each apparatus includes a wireless transmitter, a radiation sensor, a detection controller and an identification tag. The radiation sensor is configured to detect radiation over a predetermined or commanded period of time. The command center is configured to receive the wirelessly transmitted information directly or indirectly from each of the wireless transmitters of the plurality of radioactive material detection apparatuses. The system is configured to detect fissile or nuclear material that emits radiation. The system is reconfigurable from a passive sensing system to an at least partially active sensing system in the event that the system detects a nuclear anomaly within a cargo receptacle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Quintell of Ohio, LLC
    Inventors: Dale F. Shapiro, Jerry Bohinc, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7220965
    Abstract: Prospective readout architecture with Transition Edge Sensor (TES) electrical biasing from the warm readout is introduced. The architecture allows building of large imaging detector arrays with TES. The invention allows an unprecedented combination of imaging and spectrometry features in one radiation detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Inventor: Vitali Souchkov
  • Patent number: 7220966
    Abstract: A system for detecting defects in paint coatings includes a temperature manipulation apparatus configured to change the temperature of a surface and a coating applied to the surface. The system may further include an infrared sensor for measuring the change in temperature (over time) of the surface and coating and a processor to compare the measured change in temperature of the surface and coating to an expected change of temperature (over time) in order to determine anomalies in the coatings. A self-referencing method of determining defects is also disclosed, wherein surrounding pixels are utilized as a reference in the detection process for calculating the change in temperature of each pixel. In addition, application of the inventive aspects to inspection of adhesion interfaces is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Kozo Saito, Mohammed I. Hassan Ali, Akira Numasato, Mohammed A. Omar, Masahito Sakakibara, Toshikazu Suzuki, Yasuo Tanigawa
  • Patent number: 7217930
    Abstract: A dose detector includes a semiconductor radiation detector; a dose counter; and a check counter. The dose detector detects that the semiconductor radiation detector is outputting white noise even in a radiation shielded area and judges that the semiconductor radiation detector is working in a normal manner when dose count data from the dose counter is smaller than predetermined dose boundary data and check count data from the check counter is greater than predetermined lower limit checking data. The dose detector and a dosimeter provided with the dose detector are simple in structure and capable of checking a status of the semiconductor radiation detector safely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2007
    Assignee: Fuji Electric Systems Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hironobu Kobayashi, Kei Aoyama
  • Patent number: 7217937
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the automatic analysis and identification of different species of particles in a liquid sample using both fluorescent tagging and magnification techniques. A light source at a first wavelength is used to induce the tagged particles to emit light at a second wavelength, while the image thereof is captured on a pixel array of a digital camera. A second camera can be used to capture an image of the particles illuminated at the first wavelength, which is separated from the second wavelength by an optical filter. Alternatively, a second light source emitting pulses of light at the second wavelength, which alternate with the first light source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2007
    Assignee: Brightwell Technologies
    Inventor: Frederick David King
  • Patent number: 7214933
    Abstract: The invention comprises an apparatus and method for simple fluorescence spectrometry in a down hole environment. The apparatus and method utilization of two UV light bulbs and an optically clear UV coupler and a fluid containment system. The optically clear UV coupler and fluid containment system are made of sapphire. The apparatus is attached in a manner that enables light transmitted from a light source on the far side of the fluid containment system to pass through a pathway in a plate holding the UV bulbs. UV light illuminates the fluid, which in turn fluoresces light. The fluoresced light is transmitted back towards the UV bulb mount and through the pathway towards an optical spectrum analyzer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Rocco DiFoggio, Arnold Walkow, Paul Bergren
  • Patent number: 7208740
    Abstract: A pixelated detector assembly comprising a stack of thin detector crystals, each detector crystal having a pair of planar surfaces bound by edges substantially thinner than the dimensions of the surfaces. The stack is disposed such that the radiation to be detected is incident on one set of edges of the stack of detector crystals. The dimension of the planar surfaces in the general direction of incidence of the radiation incidence is sufficient to ensure that substantially all of the high energy photons to be detected are absorbed within the depth of the detector assembly. Each of the detector crystals has a two-dimensional pixelated anode array formed on one of its planar surfaces. A cathode is formed on its opposite planar surface, preferably covering substantially all of the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: Orbotech Medical Solutions Ltd.
    Inventors: Uri El-Hanany, Arie Shahar, Shimon Klier, Alex Tsigelman, Eldan Halberthal
  • Patent number: 7208738
    Abstract: A light source is disclosed. The light source has a light-emitting chip that includes an LED that generates light in an active region thereof. The LED emits a light signal in a forward direction, and infrared radiation generated in the active region is emitted in a side direction in the form of a first infrared signal. The first light signal is determined by a first drive signal coupled to the LED. The light source also includes an infrared detector positioned to collect a portion of the infrared signal. The infrared detector generates a heat signal indicative of the amount of infrared radiation detected. A controller generates the drive signal so as to maintain the heat signal at a first target value. In light sources having LEDs that emit in different spectral ranges, the infrared detectors can all detect heat in the same spectral range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Inventors: Sundar Natarajan Yoganandan, Fakhrul Arifin Mohd. Afif, Klan Shin Lee, Slew It Pang, Kheng Leng Tan, Yew Cheong Kuan, Su Lin Oon, Wen Ya Ou, Norfidathul Aizar Abdul Karim, Thye Linn Mok
  • Patent number: RE39806
    Abstract: A scintillator panel (2) comprises a radiation-transparent substrate(10), aflat resin film (12) formed on the substrate (10), a reflecting film (14) formed on the flat resin film (12), a deliquescent scintillator (16) formed on the reflecting film (14), and a transparent organic film (18) covering the scintillator (16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Toshio Takabayashi, Takuya Homme, Hiroto Sato