Patents Examined by Asok Pal
  • Patent number: 5573992
    Abstract: An improved process for calcination and activation of a catalyst containing mixed oxides of vanadium and phosphorus (V/P/O) comprising the steps of calcining a hydrated V/P/O or V/P/O- SiO.sub.2 catalyst precursor at a temperature range of 375.degree. to 400.degree. C. for sufficient time to dehydrate said catalyst precursor while simultaneously and continuously controlling the oxygen level such as to maintain the Vox in the range of 3.825 to 4.175; and then activating the dehydrated catalyst precursor by further heating at a range of 340.degree. to 500.degree. C. in the presence of a gaseous atmosphere containing n-butane at a partial pressure not exceeding 0.20 atm while simultaneously and continuously controlling the oxygen level such as to maintain the Vox in the range of 3.95 to 4.15. Such a V/P/O catalyst is useful in the preparation of maleic anhydride from n-butane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Rashmikant M. Contractor, Donald I. Garnett, Harold S. Horowitz, Arthur W. Sleight
  • Patent number: 5573994
    Abstract: An absorbent, microporous foam comprising a crosslinked polymer having interconnected fluid cells distributed throughout its mass, wherein the fluid cells have a diameter of between about 0.1 and about 100 .mu.m, and wherein the foam can rapidly absorb at least about twice its dry weight in fluid, is disclosed.A method for producing a microporous, absorbent foam is also disclosed. This method comprises the steps of:(a) mixing a cross-linkable polymer and a first solvent to form a stable solution, wherein the stable solution can be induced to phase separate;(b) inducing the stable solution to phase separate into a polymer-concentrated phase and a polymer-dilute phase after a predetermined period of time;(c) inducing crosslinking of said polymer, so that the polymer will crosslink in said concentrated phase for a predetermined period of time during phase separation to thereby form a microporous material; and(d) drying the microporous material to produce the absorbent foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: University of Cincinnati
    Inventors: Bhagwati G. Kabra, Stevin H. Gehrke
  • Patent number: 5570743
    Abstract: A continuous multi-component slurrying process at an oil or gas well comprises flowing at least three separate streams of different essential materials directly into a predetermined mixing unit at the oil or gas well, wherein each of the essential materials is required to obtain a predetermined defining characteristic of the slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Assignee: Halliburton company
    Inventors: Paul O. Padgett, Stephen F. Crain, Wayne A. Handke, Jerry L. Logan, Calvin L. Stegemoeller, Ricky L. Covington, David W. Ritter, Kevin D. Edgley
  • Patent number: 5571764
    Abstract: The present invention relates to absorbents for water and aqueous solutions, in particular for blood, which contain a product from the tuber of a plant from the family of the Araceae.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Assignee: Cassella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Rainer Greve, Gerlinde Ebert, Ulrich Riegel, Fritz Engelhardt
  • Patent number: 5569807
    Abstract: A novel alkylation catalyst is described which is used in processes for alkylating olefin hydrocarbons with isoparaffin hydrocarbons to produce high octane alkylate products suitable for use as blending components of gasoline motor fuel. The novel catalyst comprises a mixture of a hydrogen halide, a sulfone and water and has suitable corrosion properties which permit its utilization in alkylation process systems. The novel alkylation catalyst is utilized in a novel process for alkylating olefin hydrocarbons with isoparaffin hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Ronald G. Abbott, Bruce B. Randolph
  • Patent number: 5569633
    Abstract: The present invention relates to surface catalyzed ion transport membranes which demonstrate superior oxygen flux. The membranes comprise a dense multicomponent metallic oxide layer having a first surface and a second surface wherein the first surface is coated with a catalyst such as a metal or an oxide of a metal selected from Groups II, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XV and the F Block lanthanides of the Periodic Table of the Elements. One or more porous layers formed from a mixed conducting multicomponent metallic oxide or a material which is not mixed conducting under process operating conditions may be formed contiguous to the second surface of the dense layer. The claimed membranes are capable of separating oxygen from oxygen-containing gaseous mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael F. Carolan, Paul N. Dyer
  • Patent number: 5569804
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for using a single distillation column to recover the reactants and products from the reaction of a cyclic diolefin and an olefin to produce an alkenyl bridged ring compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc (ECPI)
    Inventors: James R. Lattner, Leonel E. Sanchez
  • Patent number: 5569808
    Abstract: A monochromatic light signal of a wavelength of between 400 and 1300 nanometers is simultaneously passed by a source 1, a beam splitter 2 and optical fibers 3, 3a to at least two points of a zone 9 for the separation of a mixture of isomers and aromatic hydrocarbons having from 8 to 10 carbons atoms. A polychromatic signal is recovered corresponding to the Raman effect between 400 and 3500 cm.sup.-1 by optical receiving fibers 5, 5a connected to sensors 4 at the locations of said points. The chemical composition of the mixture is determined from the Raman spectra obtained by a spectrometer 6. The analysis sequence is repeated, the profiles with respect to the concentration of the isomers in the mixture are reconstituted and by comparison with reference concentration profiles, action is taken on at least on operational variable 11, 12 of the separation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Institut Francais Du Petrole
    Inventors: Fran.cedilla.ois Cansell, Gerard Hotier, Philippe Marteau, Nathalie Zanier
  • Patent number: 5569806
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for the isomerisation of less substituted olefins to more substituted external olefins and/or internal olefins in the absence of diolefins, in the presence of a palladium based catalyst deposited on a support. Before loading it into the reactor, said catalyst is treated with at least one sulphur-containing compound which is dissolved in a solvent then activated in a neutral or reducing atmosphere between 20.degree. C. and 300.degree. C., 1 and 50 bars and with a VVH of 50 to 600 h.sup.-1. The catalyst, containing 0.05% to 10% by weight of sulphur, is brought into contact with the feedstock and hydrogen between 20.degree. C. and 200.degree. C., 1 and 50 bars, a VVH of 0.5 to 10 h.sup.-1 and a H.sub.2 /olefin molar ratio of 0.01 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Institut Francais Du Petrole
    Inventors: Charles Cameron, Jean-Luc Nocca, Patrick Sarrazin, Alain Forestiere
  • Patent number: 5567305
    Abstract: Coke formation and coil corrosion in pyrolysis furnaces is controlled by adding a mixture of a Group IA metal salt, a Group IIA metal salt and an aluminum salt thereof to the hydrocarbon feedstock for the pyrolysis furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Inventor: Hong K. Jo
  • Patent number: 5565088
    Abstract: The invention is a hydrocracking process which produces an increased amount of hydrocarbons useable as diesel fuel by isomerization of high boiling paraffins using a dewaxing catalyst. The process is characterized by the use of a dewaxing catalyst containing a very small amount of a non-noble metal hydrogenation component such as nickel on an intermediate pore nonzeolitic molecular sieve (NZMS) material. This dewaxing catalyst has been found to be very effective in reducing the pour point of a diesel boiling range distillates even in the presence of sulfur levels which adversely affect catalysts containing higher amounts of the same metal component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Vinayan Nair, Deng-Yang Jan
  • Patent number: 5565400
    Abstract: Ternary metal oxide solid solutions containing permutations of magnesium, nickel, and cobalt with trivalent metals such as aluminum, chromium, gallium, and iron show unusual resistance to rehydration. A composite comprising a) a ternary metal oxide solid solution of formula,A.sub.a (II)B.sub.b (II)C.sub.c (III)O.sub.(a+b+c) (OH).sub.cwhere:a, b, and c are atom fractions of A(II), B(II), and C(III), respectively;C(III) is a trivalent metal cation whose metal is selected from the group consisting of Al, Cr, Ga, Fe, and combinations thereof, and combinations of Al and metals of atomic number 57 through 71;A(II) and B(II) are divalent metal cations andi. A is Mg, B is Ni, and 0.05.ltoreq.a/(a+b).ltoreq.0.5; orii. A is Mg, B is Co, and 0.05.ltoreq.a/(a+b).ltoreq.0.75; oriii. A is Co, B is Ni, and 0.05.ltoreq.a/(a+b).ltoreq.0.95;and 1.5.ltoreq.(a+b)/c.ltoreq.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: Jennifer S. Holmgren
  • Patent number: 5565617
    Abstract: A process for purifying an alkylate feedstream is disclosed. The feedstream contains hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, C.sub.2 -C.sub.7+ alkanes, C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenes and C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkyl halides. The process involves flowing the alkylate through a series of separation zones and a reaction zone to provide a halide free alkylate stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Robert J. Schmidt, Paul A. Sechrist, Paul T. Barger, Christopher D. Gosling
  • Patent number: 5565092
    Abstract: A process has been developed for decolorizing (and/or hydrogenating, and/or dehalogenating) a halogen containing unsaturated feedstock and/or polymeric resins. The process has the advantage of being substantially less affected by prolonged exposure to halogen contaminants and impurities than typical hydrogenation catalysts. A novel catalyst comprising (a) one or more metals selected from the group consisting of the metals in Group 8, Group 9 Group 10 and mixtures thereof; (b) one or more promoters selected from the group consisting of oxides of the elements in Group 1, Group 2, the Lanthanides group, the Actinides group and mixtures thereof; and (c) a support has also been developed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Richard B. Pannell, Serge M. J. P. Maroie
  • Patent number: 5562818
    Abstract: An FCC feed distributor mixes fresh catalyst entering the riser with steam to cream a dense bubbling bed of catalyst. Fluidized catalyst rises from the dense bed around a conical section supported from the bottom of the riser. The conical section accelerates the catalyst by reducing the flow area into a small width annulus. As fast fluidized catalyst flows to the annulus, a diverter outwardly redirects an axially flowing feed stream to discharge feed radially into the catalyst as it flows by the annular section. A narrow width of the annular section provides good penetration of the catalyst stream by the feed to quickly and completely mix the catalyst and feed. A tapered conical section above the narrow annular section provides an extended region of gradually increasing flow area that controls downstream acceleration of the gas and catalyst mixture by permitting expansion and preventing back mixing over the initial stages of the cracking reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: Brian W. Hedrick
  • Patent number: 5563313
    Abstract: Immobilized Lewis Acid catalyst comprising polymer having at least one Lewis Acid immobilized within the structure therein, said polymer having monomer units represented by the structural formula:--[A].sub.a --[B].sub.b --[C].sub.c --wherein a represents about 1 to about 99 mole %b represents about 0 to about 50 mole %c represents about 1 to about 99 mole %a+b+c is preferably about 100%; ##STR1## C is selected from the group consisting of: ##STR2## (III) combinations thereof, wherein D is OH, halide, OR.sup.4, NH.sub.2, NHR.sup.3, OM', or OM";E is the residue of the reaction of at least one Lewis Acid with the D substituent of monomer unit B;R.sup.1 represents proton, C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 alkyl group, or C.sub.3 -C.sub.24 cycloalkyl;R.sup.2 represents C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 alkylene group, C.sub.3 -C.sub.24 cycloalkylene, C.sub.6 -C.sub.18 arylene, or C.sub.7 -C.sub.30 alkylarylene;R.sup.3 represents C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 alkyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.24 cycloalkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 aryl, or C.sub.7 -C.sub.30 alkylaryl;R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Tze-Chiang Chung, Frank J. Chen, Jon E. Stanat, Alok Kumar
  • Patent number: 5561097
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for controlling the coupling low molecular weight ligands to activated sites on a support in competition with a quencher of the activated sites. Derivatized supports produced by the method have optimal ligate binding without overly dense binding sites or stearic effects. Azlactone-functional supports, especially porous supports such as porous particles, benefit from control of ligand density. A linear relationship exists between the molar ratio of ligand and quencher and the coupled ligand density. Optionally, hydrophilicity of the derivatized support can be determined by selection of quencher relative to selection of ligand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Raymond M. Gleason, Jerald K. Rasmussen
  • Patent number: 5560817
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) plants are debottlenecked by replacing air feed to the cracking catalyst regenerator with oxygen and carbon dioxide exhaust from the catalyst regenerator and removing methane and hydrogen from the wet gas stream leaving the main fractionator overhead receiver prior to its introduction into a wet gas compressor system. Nitrogen is removed from the exhaust gas and methane and hydrogen are removed from the wet gas in the same pressure swing adsorption (PSA) plant. During air replacement, exhaust gas is processed in the PSA plant and when the desired amount of nitrogen is removed from the exhaust gas, feed of exhaust gas to the PSA plant is terminated and flow of wet gas to the PSA plant is initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Raghu K. Menon, Ramakrishnan Ramachandran
  • Patent number: 5561095
    Abstract: A supported Lewis acid catalyst system for catalyzing hydrocarbon conversion reactions including cationic polymerization, alkylation, isomerization and cracking reactions is disclosed, wherein the catalyst system comprises an inorganic oxide support having immobilized thereon at least one relatively strong Lewis acid and at least one relatively weak Lewis acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Frank J. Chen, Christophe Le Deore, Roger Spitz, Alan Guyot
  • Patent number: 5559069
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for changing the fluorine content of halogenated hydrocarbons containing from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, in the presence of a multiphase catalyst, which is characterized by preparing certain single phase solid catalyst precursors containing two metal components (e.g., a divalent component of Mn, Co, Zn, Mg and/or Cd and a trivalent component of Al, Ga, Cr and/or V) which have structures that collapse at about 600.degree. C. or less; and producing said catalyst by heating the precursor to produce a multiphase composition wherein a phase containing one of the metal components is homogeneously dispersed with a phase containing the other metal component, and at least when the precursor contains no fluoride, contacting said multiphase composition with a vaporizable fluorine-containing fluorination compound at a temperature of from about 200.degree. C. to 450.degree. C. Also disclosed are single phase fluoride compositions having the formula MM'F.sub.5 (H.sub.2 O).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: V. N. Mallikarjuna Rao, Munirpallam A. Subramanian