Patents Examined by Bryant Young
  • Patent number: 6458223
    Abstract: An alloy that contains at least two metals and can be used as a substrate for a superconductor is disclosed. The alloy can contain an oxide former. The alloy can have a biaxial or cube texture. The substrate can be used in a multilayer superconductor, which can further include one or more buffer layers disposed between the substrate and the superconductor material. The alloys can be made a by process that involves first rolling the alloy then annealing the alloy. A relatively large volume percentage of the alloy can be formed of grains having a biaxial or cube texture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: American Superconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Cornelis Leo Hans Thieme, Elliott D. Thompson, Leslie G. Fritzemeier, Robert D. Cameron, Edward J. Siegal
  • Patent number: 6410148
    Abstract: A barrier layer for a silicon containing substrate which inhibits the formation of gaseous species of silicon when exposed to a high temperature aqueous environment comprises a barium-strontium alumino silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignees: General Electric Co., United Technologies Corp., The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Harry Edwin Eaton, Jr., William Patrick Allen, Nathan S. Jacobson, Nanottam P. Bansal, Elizabeth J. Opila, James L. Smialek, Kang N. Lee, Irene T. Spitsberg, Hongyu Wang, Peter Joel Meschter, Krishan Lal Luthra
  • Patent number: 6344282
    Abstract: A diffusion aluminide coating having a graded structure is applied over a nickel base superalloy substrate. The coating has an inner region of a diffusion aluminide adjacent to the substrate rich in a reactive element, typically Hf, Si or combinations of the two. The near surface region is a diffusion aluminide which is substantially free of reactive elements. Such coatings when used as bond coats in thermal barrier coating systems exhibit improved spallation performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ramgopal Darolia, Joseph D. Rigney, Joshua L. Miller
  • Patent number: 6342284
    Abstract: The invention provides a set gypsum-containing product having increased resistance to permanent deformation and a method for preparing it comprising forming a mixture of a calcium sulfate material, water, and an appropriate amount of one or more enhancing materials chosen from condensed phosphoric acids, each of which comprises 2 or more phosphoric acid units; and salts or ions of condensed phosphates, each of which comprises 2 or more phosphate units. The mixture is then maintained under conditions sufficient for the calcium sulfate material to form a set gypsum material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2002
    Assignee: United States Gysum Company
    Inventors: Qiang Yu, Steven W. Sucech, Brent E. Groza, Raymond J. Mlinac, Frederick T. Jones, Paul J. Henkels
  • Patent number: 6335105
    Abstract: An article includes a substrate formed of a superalloy, a silicon-based ceramic material and a thermally stable silicon diffusion barrier layer. The thermally stable diffusion barrier layer is intermediate to the substrate and ceramic material and prevents diffusion of silicon or carbon into the substrate. The diffusion barrier coating is any coating that is thermally stable and that prevents diffusion of silicon or carbon across a ceramic material:superalloy interface. In a method of forming an article, a superalloy substrate is formed, a thermally stable diffusion barrier layer is applied onto the substrate and a silicon-based ceramic material is supported by the barrier layer coated substrate. The diffusion barrier layer substantially prevents diffusion of silicon from the ceramic material into the superalloy substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Douglas William McKee
  • Patent number: 6329072
    Abstract: A printed circuit board comprising a metal copper film having 105 to 109 micropores per square centimeter wherein the metal copper film is prepared by dipping a plating object into an electroless copper plating solution comprising a copper ion, a complexing agent, a hypophosphorus acid compound, a metallic catalyst for initiating the reductive reaction, and a compound containing an acetylenic bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2001
    Assignees: Ebara-Udylite Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Honma, Tomoyuki Fujinami, Nobuo Ebina
  • Patent number: 6326079
    Abstract: The subject of the invention is a glass-, ceramic- or vitroceramic-based substrate (1) provided on at least part of at least one of its faces with a coating (3) with a photocatalytic property containing at least partially crystalline titanium oxide. It also relates to the applications of such a substrate and to its method of preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2001
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Boire Philippe, Xavier Talpaert
  • Patent number: 6322897
    Abstract: A metal-ceramic gradient material, in particular for a thermal shield or a gas turbine blade, includes a metal base material, a ceramic and an additive for high-temperature oxidation protection. The metal base material has a concentration decreasing from a metal-rich zone into a ceramic-rich zone. The additive has a concentration with a concentration gradient. The concentration of the additive has a maximum. A product made from a metal-ceramic gradient material and a process for producing a metal-ceramic gradient material are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ralph Borchert, Monika Willert-Porada
  • Patent number: 6312763
    Abstract: A barrier layer for a silicon containing substrate which inhibits the formation of gaseous species of silicon when exposed to a high temperature aqueous environment comprises a yttrium silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignees: United Technologies Corporation, General Electric Co., NASA
    Inventors: Harry Edwin Eaton, Jr., William Patrick Allen, Nathan S. Jacobson, Kang N. Lee, Elizabeth J. Opila, James L. Smialek, Hongyu Wang, Peter Joel Meschter, Krishan Lal Luthra
  • Patent number: 6309760
    Abstract: A material for use as a bearing sliding surface and a bearing having the material are described, the material comprises tin and having therein from 1 to 5 wt % of a metal selected from the group comprising nickel, cobalt and iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2001
    Assignee: Dana Corporation
    Inventors: John Lyon, Fatima Rutherford
  • Patent number: 6306515
    Abstract: The present invention generally describes multilayer coating systems comprising a composite metal/metal oxide bond coat layer. The coating systems may be used in gas turbines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
    Inventors: John G. Goedjen, Stephen M. Sabol, Kelly M. Sloan, Steven J. Vance
  • Patent number: 6306524
    Abstract: A coating for use on a superalloy substrate comprising a diffusion barrier as an intermediate layer overlying the substrate and underlying a protective coating having a high aluminum content. The diffusion barrier layer is characterized by having low solubility for aluminum from either the substrate or the protective coating. Further, the diffusion barrier layer has low interdiffusivity for elements from the substrate and the coating, a minimal impact on the mechanical properties of the article which is coated, a minimal thermal expansion mismatch with both the substrate and the high aluminum content protective coating, and can be applied readily using existing coating application techniques. The diffusion barrier is preferably a single phase alloy or intermetallic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Irene T. Spitsberg, Ramgopal Darolia, Melvin R. Jackson, Ji-Cheng Zhao, Jon C. Schaeffer
  • Patent number: 6306517
    Abstract: An article having a spallation resistant TBC comprises a metal substrate, such as a high temperature superalloy, and a TBC, such as a coating of yttria stabilized zirconia. The TBC comprises a plurality of plasma-sprayed layers. The TBC has a coherent, continuous columnar grain microstructure, wherein at least one layer has a plurality of continuous columnar grains which have been extended by directional solidification into an adjacent layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Dennis Michael Gray, Yuk-Chiu Lau, Curtis Alan Johnson, Marcus Preston Borom, Warren Arthur Nelson
  • Patent number: 6299986
    Abstract: A high rhenium-containing nickel superalloy article (10) has a multilayer coating (12) comprising a barrier coating (14) and an aluminide coating (16). The aluminide coating (16) is a corrosion and oxidation protective coating for the superalloy article (10). The barrier coating (14) comprises an alloy with a similar composition to the high rhenium-containing nickel superalloy article (10) but with less rhenium. The barrier coating (14) minimises diffusion of elements between the aluminide coating (16) and the superalloy article (10) to minimise the formation of topologically close packed phases at the interface between the superalloy article (10) and the multilayer coating (12). The barrier coating (12) preferably has some rhenium to minimise diffusion of rhenium from the superalloy article (10) to the barrier coating (14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce plc
    Inventor: Meehar C. Meelu
  • Patent number: 6296945
    Abstract: A turbine component (10), such as a turbine blade, is provided which is made of a metal alloy (22) and a base columnar thermal barrier coating (20) on the alloy surface, where a heat resistant ceramic oxide sheath material (32′ or 34′) covers the columns (28), and the sheath material is the reaction product of a precursor ceramic oxide sheath material and the base thermal barrier coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
    Inventor: Ramesh Subramanian
  • Patent number: 6296942
    Abstract: A barrier layer for a silicon containing substrate which inhibits the formation of gaseous species of silicon when exposed to a high temperature aqueous environment comprises a calcium alumino silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignees: General Electric Company, United Technologies Corporation, NASA
    Inventors: Harry Edwin Eaton, Jr., William Patrick Allen, Robert Alden Miller, Nathan S. Jacobson, James L. Smialek, Elizabeth J. Opila, Kang N. Lee, Bangalore A. Nagaraj, Hongyu Wang, Peter Joel Meschter, Krishan Lal Luthra
  • Patent number: 6296941
    Abstract: A barrier layer for a silicon containing substrate which inhibits the formation of gaseous species of silicon when exposed to a high temperature aqueous environment comprises a yttrium silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignees: General Electric Company, United Technologies Corporation, NASA
    Inventors: Harry Edwin Eaton, Jr., William Patrick Allen, Nathan S. Jacobson, Kang N. Lee, Elizabeth J. Opila, James L. Smialek, Hongyu Wang, Peter Joel Meschter, Krishan Lal Luthra
  • Patent number: 6294260
    Abstract: A turbine component (10), such as a turbine blade, is provided which is made of a metal alloy (22) and a base, planar-grained thermal barrier layer (28) applied by air plasma spraying on the alloy surface, where a heat resistant ceramic oxide overlay material (32′) covers the bottom thermal barrier coating (28), and the overlay material is the reaction product of the precursor ceramic oxide overlay material (32) and the base thermal barrier coating material (28).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
    Inventor: Ramesh Subramanian
  • Patent number: 6294261
    Abstract: A method for smoothing the surface of a ceramic-based protective coating which exhibits roughness is disclosed. The method includes the steps of applying a ceramic-based slurry or gel coating to the protective coating surface; heating the slurry/gel coating to remove volatile material; and then further heating the slurry/gel coating to cure the coating and bond it to the underlying protective coating. The slurry/gel coating is often based on yttria-stabilized zirconia, and precursors of an oxide matrix. Related articles of manufacture are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: D. Sangeeta, Curtis Alan Johnson, Warren Arthur Nelson
  • Patent number: 6291074
    Abstract: A heat-radiation reflective glass comprising a glass plate and a film formed on the glass plate. The film has composition comprising 65 to 96% by weight of cobalt, 2 to 25% by weight of chromium and 2 to 33% by weight of iron based on the total metal weight per unit area, and has a layer thickness of 10 nm to 70 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuto Sakai, Koichi Ataka