Patents Examined by Ellen M. McAvoy
  • Patent number: 12037554
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a homogenous cerium (Ce) catalyst composition comprising Ce(IV) complex alone, or Ce(IV) complex in a mixture with Ce(III) complex, that can significantly improve both LPG and soot combustion, resulting in higher flame temperatures, faster heating, reduced cooking time and reduced fuel consumption. The cerium(III) complex is cerium(III) 2-ethylhexanoate and the cerium(IV) complex is aqua(2-N-(2-hydroxyethylimino)-4-pentanoate) dinitrocerium(IV) [Ce(L1)(H2O)(NO3)2], wherein L1 is 2-N-(2-hydroxyethylimino)-4-pentanone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2022
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2024
    Assignee: HINDUSTAN PETROLEUM CORPORATION LIMITED
    Inventors: Sandip Bhowmik, Krishnamurthy Narayanan, Soniya Naik, Balasubramaniam Ravi
  • Patent number: 12037557
    Abstract: A method of charging and/or discharging energy in reusable fuel workpieces or particles includes a solar furnace with counter-flowing workpieces and gas, to exchange heat therebetween, with the exiting gas and workpieces being at about ambient temperature. A further aspect employs a production plant including a reduction reactor configured to use excess electrical energy generated by renewable power generators to charge and/or discharge solid-state thermochemical fuel. Another aspect includes a fuel flow control valve using air pulses. An oxygen-deprived and reusable fuel, such as magnesium manganese oxide, or magnesium iron oxide, is also provided. In another aspect, an apparatus for producing a solid-state fuel includes a reduction reactor including a reactor chamber configured to receive concentrated solar energy, and a reactor tube having a recuperation zone, a reduction zone, and a quenching zone, wherein the reduction zone passes through the reactor chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2023
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2024
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of Michigan State University
    Inventors: James F. Klausner, Joerg Petrasch, Kelvin Randhir, Nima Rahmatian
  • Patent number: 12031099
    Abstract: An additive composition for a marine fuel or a heating oil comprising a stabilized colloidal dispersion of catalytic metal particles, a neutral or overbased alkaline earth metal detergent and a carrier fluid miscible with a marine fuel oil, a heavy fuel oil, a marine distillate fuel, and/or a residual fuel oil. Also provided are marine fuel and/or heating oil compositions having the additive composition described above and associated methods and uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2022
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2024
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Andrea Pastorino, Charlotte Carlisle, Amy J. Challinor
  • Patent number: 12031107
    Abstract: A method of producing fatty acid alkyl ester from an organic oil source containing at least one free fatty acid, wherein the vegetable and/or animal waste oil has an acid number of at least 30 mg KOH/g and wherein the method comprises the steps of a) reacting the oil source with glycerol at a temperature, which is at least 110° C. and does not exceed 180° C. during the reaction, in the presence of a catalyst comprising at least methane sulfonic acid or the homo anhydride thereof; and b) acidic transesterification at a temperature, which is at least 110° C. and does not exceed 160° C. during the reaction of the reaction product from step a) with an alkanol; and c) isolating the fatty acid alkyl ester from the reaction product of step b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2024
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Paul Klingelhoefer, Michael Schier
  • Patent number: 12031102
    Abstract: A lubricant that enables to improve control stability of an automobile or the like having a vehicle body charged by driving. A lubricant for improving control stability of an automobile includes a base oil and an additive containing a carbon black. A kit for improving control stability of an automobile includes a discharging member including a protrusion that performs a self-discharging by air-ionizing and the lubricant. A method also improves control stability of an automobile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2024
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, KYODO YUSHI CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Junichi Sudo, Hiroyuki Arai, Youji Kanehara, Koushi Yamada, Ko Tanimura, Tomonobu Komoriya
  • Patent number: 12031097
    Abstract: Disclosed are antifouling agents used in compositions and methods to reduce or prevent foulants in synthetic feedstocks derived from plastic. A method of reducing or preventing fouling in a plastic-derived synthetic feedstock composition may include adding an antifouling agent including a carboxylic acid anhydride or a copolymer of a dicarboxylic acid anhydride and alpha olefin to a synthetic feedstock composition derived from plastic pyrolysis containing a foulant to provide treated pyrolysate. The foulant may include, for example, nylon, polyvinyl chlorides, polyethylene terephthalate, polyamides, caprolactam, benzoic acid, phenol, p-cresol, dimethylphenol, isopropyl phenol, tert-butylphenol, dimethylethylphenol, napthalenol, varying lengths of alkenes and alkanes, propylene, tolune, pentene, butane, tetramethylindole, ethylbenzene, ethyldimethylpyrrole, dimethylfuran, tetrahydroquinoline, and any combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2022
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2024
    Assignee: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: Kameswara Vyakaranam, Karina Eureste, Theodore C. Arnst
  • Patent number: 12018215
    Abstract: A process for converting a hydrocarbon feed may comprise contacting a hydrocarbon feed with steam in the presence of a cracking catalyst under steam enhanced catalytic cracking conditions. The contacting the hydrocarbon feed with the steam in the presence of the cracking catalyst may cause at least a portion of the hydrocarbon feed to undergo steam catalytic cracking reactions to produce a cracked effluent comprising C2 to C4 olefins, C6 to C10 aromatic compounds, or both. The cracking catalyst may be a nanoparticle comprising: a core and a shell. The core may comprise one or more ZSM-5 zeolite particles and have an outer surface. The shell may comprise a plurality of fibers extending radially outward from the outer surface of the core. The plurality of fibers may comprise silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2023
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2024
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Aaron Chi Akah, Musaed Salem Al-Ghrami, Abdullah Mohammed Aitani, Mohammed Abdul Bari Siddiqui, Ziyauddin R. Qureshi
  • Patent number: 12018223
    Abstract: A biofuel pellet and an apparatus for making the pellet are provided. The biofuel pellet includes a first region of high density and a second region of low density. The higher density region burns more slowly than the low density region and helps to suspend the pellet for longer and more complete combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2024
    Inventor: David W. Presby
  • Patent number: 12017197
    Abstract: The process and apparatus according to the invention allow the production of hydrocarbons and ammonia without the use of catalysts. For this purpose, waste gases containing CO2 or N2 from an upstream process are fed to compression reactors. In addition, hydrogen from an electrolyzer is fed to these reactors to enable hydrogenation of the fed substances. Methane, alcohols and ammonia, for example, can be produced by this process. In order to increase the yield of the process, it is planned to raise the reactant pressure with the aid of a compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2024
    Inventor: Andreas Döring
  • Patent number: 12012558
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to systems and methods for reforming a hydrocarbon fuel to increase the cetane value of the hydrocarbon fuel. The system includes a microstatic mixer and a microchannel reactor downstream of the microstatic mixer. The microchannel reactor includes a microchannel with an NHPI catalyst coated onto the walls of the microchannel. A hydrocarbon fuel and an oxygen-containing gas are combined and mixed in the microstatic mixer to produce a combined stream and the combined stream is passed through the microchannel. The microchannel reactor includes a heat transfer system. The hydrocarbon fuel and oxygen-containing gas are contacted in the microchannel in the presence of the catalyst at a reaction temperature sufficient to produce a reformed hydrocarbon fuel having a cetane value greater than a cetane value of the starting hydrocarbon fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Guanghui Zhu, Maryam M. Al-Taher, Christos Kalamaras
  • Patent number: 12012918
    Abstract: A fuel supply component with coking mitigation includes a housing having a main fuel inlet and a main fuel outlet. The main fuel inlet and outlet define a main fuel flow path therebetween. The housing includes a de-oxygenated fuel inlet in fluid communication with the main fuel flow path downstream from the main fuel inlet. The de-oxygenated fuel inlet is configured and adapted to supply de-oxygenated fuel to the main fuel flow path to mitigate insoluble fuel elements from diffusing and adhering to a wall of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2023
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventor: Murtuza Lokhandwalla
  • Patent number: 12012567
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition comprising a base oil, a zinc dialkyldithiophosphate, and a sarcosine derivate is described. The lubricating oil composition may comprise the zinc dialkyldithiophosphate at a concentration of 0.10 to 10 mass % and the sarcosine derivate at a concentration of 0.01 to 5.0 mass %. The lubricating oil composition may have a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 6.5 mm2/s or less, and can be used for lubricating a speed reducer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazushige Matsubara
  • Patent number: 12012565
    Abstract: A composition comprising at least one fuel that is a diesel fuel, a biodiesel fuel, or combinations thereof and less than 100 ppm, less than 50 ppm (or less than 25 ppm, less than 10 ppm, 1 to 7 ppm, or 5 to 7 ppm) of an alkylene-coupled C10 to C60 (or C10 to C40, C14 to C32 or C24 to C28) alkylphenol; 25 to 500 ppm (or 50 to 500 ppm, or 150 to 450 ppm or 250 to 450 ppm, or 250 to 400 ppm) of a terpolymer; and 5 to 90 ppm, (or 10 to 70 ppm, to 60 ppm, or 10 to 55 ppm) of hydrocarbyl-substituted amine detergent having at least one tertiary amino group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Jody A. Kocsis, Scott Capitosti, Thomas S. Corrigan, David J. Aaserud, Gregory Mathes, Anthony R. Frank, Elizabeth A. Schiferl, James C. Ray
  • Patent number: 12012560
    Abstract: The present invention refers to the processing of a 100% renewable load in FCC units, wherein the load comprises triglycerides of vegetable and animal source, free fatty acids, fatty acid esters, ketones, alcohols and long-chain aldehydes, using catalyst and appropriate operating conditions in order to obtain 100% renewable products with a high content of aromatic compounds, in the range of naphtha, kerosene, diesel and heavy gas oil. The product thus obtained complies with all the properties of the ASTM D1655 standard, even for contents of up to 10% renewable content. In addition, there is no need to reduce the freezing point of the fossil QAV for the introduction of the renewable component, with no impact on the yield and economy of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: Petróleo Brasileiro S.A.—Petrobras
    Inventors: Jose Luiz Zotin, Marcelo Edral Pacheco, Rodrigo Caetano Chistone, William Richard Gilbert, Isa Santos Duarte, Andrea De Rezende Pinho, Jefferson Roberto Gomes
  • Patent number: 12013357
    Abstract: The present disclosure an improved apparatus for fast pyrolysis and methods associated with the apparatus. For instance, the present disclosure provides methods for analyzing intermediate products formed via a fast pyrolysis reaction utilizing one or more pulses of pyrolysis vapor through a valve in the apparatus. The described methods provide improved identification of products formed in the fast pyrolysis reaction by using millisecond time resolution for qualitative and/or quantitative analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2024
    Assignee: THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
    Inventors: Patrick L. Mills, Arvind Nanduri
  • Patent number: 12006481
    Abstract: A method may include producing a crude oil from a reservoir and contacting the crude oil with a demulsifying agent before the crude oil passes through a production choke valve to form a mixture of crude oil and demulsifying agent. The mixture of crude oil and demulsifying agent may be separated in one or more separators into a gas stream, an oil stream, and a water stream. The gas stream and oil stream may be combined to form an oil and gas mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2024
    Assignee: SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Mohamed Ahmed Soliman, Azeb M. Qahtani, Simone Less, Ramsey White
  • Patent number: 12006479
    Abstract: According to one or more other aspects of the present disclosure, a system for reforming a liquid hydrocarbon fuel includes a mixing zone with a fuel intake fluidly coupled to a liquid hydrocarbon fuel source and an oxygen-containing gas intake fluidly coupled to an oxygen-containing gas source. The mixing zone further includes at least one atomizing nozzle and a fuel distribution zone downstream the at least on atomizing nozzle. The system also includes a catalyst reaction zone downstream the mixing zone, including a monolith block having a plurality of flow channels defined by monolith walls and a reforming catalyst coated onto the monolith walls. The atomizing nozzle generates a plurality of droplets comprising the liquid hydrocarbon fuel suspended in oxygen-containing gas. The fuel distribution zone distributes the plurality of droplets to each of the plurality of flow channels to contact the reforming catalyst including N-hydroxyphthalimide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2024
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Guanghui Zhu, Maryam M. Al-Taher, Qingyuan Hu
  • Patent number: 12006472
    Abstract: A method of producing a hydrocarbon fuel from a soapstock includes supplying a pyrolysis reactor that includes a microwave absorbent bed susceptible to microwave irradiation, applying microwave energy to the pyrolysis reactor, wherein the microwave absorbent bed converts the microwave energy to thermal energy, supplying the soapstock to the microwave absorbent bed, and condensing a vapor generated by pyrolysis of the soapstock sufficient to collect the hydrocarbon fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2023
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2024
    Assignee: Resynergi, Inc.
    Inventors: Rongsheng Ruan, Erik Anderson
  • Patent number: 11999922
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a lubricating composition comprising a detergent additive derived from raw cashew nut shell liquid. The invention also provides a process for preparing the additive and the use of the lubricating composition in a mechanical device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2024
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Hyungsoo Kim, James D. Burrington, Nathan J. Bartlett, Gary M. Walker, John-Louis DiFlavio
  • Patent number: 11999918
    Abstract: A fuel mixture includes a fuel, ethanol, and modified graphene oxide (mGO) nanoparticles functionalized with a hydrocarbon. The mGO is less than 1000 ppm of the ethanol, and a blend of the ethanol and the mGO is less than 10% of the fuel mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2024
    Assignees: KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Subram Mani Sarathy, Tsu-fang Hong, Andrew Bailey, Anwar Alkhawajah