Patents Examined by F. L. Evans
  • Patent number: 8102530
    Abstract: A colour measuring unit (1) comprising a radiation device (2) which emits light onto a surface (9) to be examined, wherein the radiation device (2) comprises at least one semiconductor-based light source (6), and a radiation detector device (12) which receives at least a portion of the light scattered by the surface and outputs a signal characteristic of this light, wherein the radiation detector device (12) allows a spectral analysis of the light impinging thereon. According to the invention, the colour measuring unit comprises at least one sensor device (10) which determines at least one electrical parameter of the light source (6), and also a processor device (14) which outputs from this measured parameter at least one value characteristic of the light emitted by the radiation device (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: BYK-Gardner GmbH
    Inventors: Uwe Sperling, Peter Schwarz
  • Patent number: 8094302
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a spectrophotometer. The spectrophotometer includes a CPU having a signal prediction part and a comparison/calculation part. The signal prediction part predicts the strength of an output signal from a photodetection unit during the next period based on the strength of the output signal from the photodetection unit. The comparison/calculation part compares a reference value, which defines the limit value of electrical current passing through a photomultiplier tube, of the strength of an output signal from an AD converter with a predicted value predicted by the signal prediction part. In a case where the predicted value exceeds the reference value, a voltage applied to the photomultiplier tube is calculated so that the strength of an output signal from the photodetection unit during the next period does not exceed the reference value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Shimadzu Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Minato
  • Patent number: 8094305
    Abstract: An optical arrangement for illuminating a surface of a biosensor is described. The biosensor is preferably a sensor having periodic surface grating structure. The arrangement includes a light source generating light, collimating optics for collimating the light from the light source, and first reflecting surface receiving light from the collimating optics and directing incident light onto a surface of the biosensor and a second spatially separated reflecting surface receiving light reflected from the surface of the biosensor. The arrangement further includes telecentric optics (e.g., telecentric lens) receiving light from the second surface of the prism. The telecentric lens directs light onto an entrance slit of a spectrometer. The arrangement increases the light collection efficiency at the spectrometer as compared to prior art arrangements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: SRU Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventor: Bennett H. Rockney
  • Patent number: 8094294
    Abstract: The invention relates to apparatus and methods for assessing occurrence of a hazardous agent in a sample by performing multipoint spectral analysis of the sample. Methods of employing Raman spectroscopy and other spectrophotometric methods are disclosed. Devices and systems suitable for performing such multipoint methods are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: ChemImage Corporation
    Inventors: Patrick J Treado, Joseph E Demuth, Robert Schweitzer
  • Patent number: 8089623
    Abstract: Methods for normalizing output from an instrument employing a reference standard or non-fluorescing substance disposed within at least one of a plurality of reaction chambers. The method comprises collecting and analyzing a signal associated with the reference standard or non-fluorescing substance to determine a normalizing bias. The normalizing bias is then applied to the data signal collected from a remainder of the plurality of reaction chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems LLC
    Inventors: H. Pin Kao, Ian A. Harding, Achim Karger, Mark F. Oldham, Omead Ostadan, Greg Young
  • Patent number: 8090189
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus relating to the inspection of photomasks are described. In an embodiment, detection of thin line or sub-resolution assist features may be used for selective sensitivity during photomask inspection. Other embodiments are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: KLA-Tencor Corporation
    Inventors: Vinayak Dattatreya Phalke, Ge Cong, Lih-Huah Yiin, Yalin Xiong
  • Patent number: 8082832
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present invention provides an apparatus and process that includes control electronics that generate an electronic control signal; and a plurality of optically or electrically pumped semiconductor lasers, quantum-cascade lasers, optical parametric generators, or optical parametric oscillators, operatively coupled to the control electronics, that output an optical signal having a plurality of wavelengths, each wavelength having an output intensity that is varied over time to simulate a combustion signature of a weapon. In some embodiments, at least two different infrared wavelengths are varied differently with time. Some embodiment are implemented as part of, for example, a anti-aircraft defense system, wherein incoming aircraft need to be disabled, and the present invention provides a way of distracting, exhausting, confusing, overwhelming, or bypassing the hostile aircraft's anti-missile defenses so that, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Steven C. Tidwell, Charles A. Lemaire
  • Patent number: 8081305
    Abstract: We disclose an apparatus comprising: a hand-portable optical analysis unit including an optical interface; and a device configured to receive and releasably engage the hand-portable optical analysis unit. The device comprises: a housing; a sample unit in the housing; and a resilient member configured to bias the sample unit and the hand-portable analysis unit towards each other when the hand-portable optical analysis unit is received in the device to compress a sample disposed between the sample unit and the optical interface of the optical analysis unit. Methods of analyzing samples are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Ahura Scientific Inc.
    Inventors: Masud Azimi, Arran Bibby, Christopher D. Brown, Peili Chen, Kevin J. Knopp, Daryoosh Vakhshoori, Peidong Wang, Stephen McLaughlin
  • Patent number: 8072585
    Abstract: A multi-modal data acquisition system for detecting target material on a biological reaction surface, the system comprising a radiation source for generating an incoming beam that impinges on the biological reaction surface at an oblique incidence angle and produces a reflected beam, an interferometric detector for detecting an interferometric signal from the illuminated surface, the reflected beam being directed to the interferometric detector, a fluorescence detector for detecting a fluorescence signal from the illuminated surface; the fluorescence detector being positioned to substantially minimize the incidence of the reflected beam; and a processing system for receiving the interferometric and fluorescence signals and determining the presence or absence of target material on the biological reaction surface. A reaction surface conditioned for the simultaneous collection of fluorescence, interferometric and other signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Xuefeng Wang, David D. Nolte, Manoj Varma, Brian Weichel, Timothy Norwood, Fouad Sayegh, Ming Zhao
  • Patent number: 8072603
    Abstract: An apparatus for detecting particles of interest that are dispersed in a fluid mix, which typically includes other particles. The apparatus typically is associated with an interrogation platform arranged to operate in harmony with an opaque member having an orifice sized to promote single-file travel of the particles there-through. A currently preferred embodiment includes a light pipe configured to impinge stimulation-radiation substantially transverse to a direction of fluid flow through the opaque member. Particles of interest may be tagged using antibody-binding, fluorescing molecules. Stimulation radiation from the source causes the tagged particles to undergo a Stokes-shift emission of fluorescence. The resulting fluorescence is detected by the radiation detector and indicates passage of the particles of interest. One workable opaque member is advantageously included in a thin film assembly carried on a removable and disposable card that is adapted for reception in the interrogation platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: E I Spectra, LLC
    Inventors: Harold E. Ayliffe, Curtis S. King
  • Patent number: 8068224
    Abstract: In the spectroscopy module 1, a light absorbing layer 6 having a light-passing hole 6a through which light L1 advancing into a spectroscopic portion 3 passes and a light-passing hole 6b through which light L2 advancing into a light detecting portion 4a of a light detecting element 4 passes is integrally formed by patterning. Therefore, it is possible to prevent deviation of the relative positional relationship between the light-passing hole 6a and the light-passing hole 6b. Further, since the occurrence of stray light is suppressed by the light absorbing layer 6 and the stray light is absorbed, the light detecting portion 4a of the light detecting element 4 can be suppressed from being made incident. Therefore, according to the spectroscopy module 1, it is possible to improve the reliability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Katsumi Shibayama, Takafumi Yokino, Tomofumi Suzuki, Helmut Teichmann, Dietmar Hiller, Ulrich Starker
  • Patent number: 8054463
    Abstract: In a method for measuring a composition of a sample, an illumination surface area of the sample is illuminated using a light source, and light from a plurality of emitting surface areas of the sample is received, each emitting surface area at a different location, the received light scattered by the sample. A cumulative area of the illumination surface area is greater than a cumulative area of two emitting surface areas of the plurality of emitting surface areas. For each emitting surface area, spectral content information associated with received light corresponding to that emitting surface area is determined, and composition information corresponding to a sub-surface region of the sample is determined based on the determined spectral content information. Different shapes of illumination surface areas as well as the plurality of emitting surface areas may advantageously be utilized for various specimen or sample geometries or illumination sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of Michigan
    Inventors: Michael D. Morris, William F. Finney, Matthew Schulmerich
  • Patent number: 8049884
    Abstract: A liquid sample is dropped onto the upper surface of a transparent and cylindrical light-transmitting body (22), and the liquid sample is maintained as a droplet by the surface tension. From above the liquid sample, a transparent cover plate (25) is lowered down to the position where the lower surface thereof touches a spacer (23) in order that the liquid sample is held in the small gap formed between the upper surface of the light-transmitting body (22) and the lower surface of the transparent cover plate (25). A measurement light is provided into the liquid sample held in this manner from immediately above it, and passes through the liquid sample. The transmitted light emitted downwards through the light-transmitting body (22) is introduced into a spectro-detecting unit to be spectro-measured. The measurement optical path length can be adjusted by the height of the spacer (23). This enables an easy transmission spectro-measurement of an extremely small amount of liquid sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Shimadzu Corporation
    Inventor: Yasuo Tsukuda
  • Patent number: 8049882
    Abstract: A system and method for use in spectrometric measurements of an article using selecting an optimal integration time range of the light detection system during which the measurement is to be applied, the optimal integration time being that at which a required value of signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the measurements is obtainable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Nova Measuring Instruments Ltd.
    Inventor: Moshe Finarov
  • Patent number: 8049883
    Abstract: A swept wavelength interrogation system includes a tunable light source for outputting a light beam that is tunable over a range of wavelengths and an optical reader head for distributing the light beam among a plurality of sensors and for measuring response spectra from the sensors. A wavelength-tracking device measures centroid wavelengths of the light beam. A processor calculates a centroid wavelength of the response spectra from the sensors based on the measured centroid wavelengths of the light beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Michael B. Webb, Qi Wu
  • Patent number: 8049887
    Abstract: The spectroscopy module 1 is provided with a body portion 2 for transmitting light L1, L2, a spectroscopic portion 3 for dispersing light L1 made incident from the front plane 2a of the body portion 2 into the body portion 2 to reflect the light on the front plane 2a, a light detecting element 4 having a light detecting portion 41 for detecting the light L2 dispersed and reflected by the spectroscopic portion 3 and electrically connected to a wiring 9 formed on the front plane 2a of the body portion 2 by face-down bonding, and an underfill material 12 filled in the body portion 2 side of to the light detecting element 4 to transmit the light L1, L2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Tomofumi Suzuki, Katsumi Shibayama, Takafumi Yokino, Masashi Ito, Helmut Teichmann, Dietmar Hiller, Ulrich Starker
  • Patent number: 8050490
    Abstract: A method of inspecting for overlay shift defects during semiconductor manufacturing is disclosed. The method can include the steps of providing a charged particle microscopic image of a sample, identifying an inspection pattern period in the charged particle microscopic image, averaging the charged particle microscopic image by using the inspection pattern period to form an averaged inspection pattern period, estimating an average width from the averaged inspection pattern period, and comparing the average width with a predefined threshold value to determine the presence of an overlay shift defect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Hermes Microvision, Inc.
    Inventors: Hong Xiao, Wei Fang, Jack Jau
  • Patent number: 8045160
    Abstract: Alignment marks 12a, 12b, 12c, and 12d are formed on the flat plane 11a of the peripheral edge portion 11 formed integrally with the diffracting layer 8, and when the lens portion 7 is mounted onto the substrate 2, these alignment marks 12a, 12b, 12c and 12d are positioned to the substrate 2, thereby making exact alignment of the diffracting layer 8 with respect to the light detecting portion 4a of the light detecting element 4, for example, not by depending on a difference in curvature radius of the lens portion 7. In particular, the alignment marks 12a, 12b, 12c and 12d are formed on the flat plane 11a, thereby image recognition is given to exactly detect positions of the alignment marks 12a, 12b, 12c and 12d, thus making it possible to make exact alignment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Katsumi Shibayama, Takafumi Yokino, Tomofumi Suzuki, Helmut Teichmann, Dietmar Hiller, Ulrich Starker
  • Patent number: 8040514
    Abstract: A dental color measurement tool disposed opposite an opening portion for capturing light from an artificial tooth to undergo color measurement with a color measurement device includes at least one pair of guide posts having an engaging portion corresponding to an engaging portion on the color measurement device side, and an abutment post disposed between the pair of guide posts and having a pointed convex shape to which the artificial tooth can be mounted. The abutment post has a color measurement reference surface in a color measurement light axis direction as the vicinity of a focus position of the color measurement device in a photographing state. When performing color measurement photographing, the artificial tooth is mounted to the abutment post to position the front thereof at the color measurement reference surface. Thus, the artificial tooth can be stably retained at a suitable position with respect to the color measurement device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: Olympus Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroyoshi Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8031336
    Abstract: The spectrometer 1 is provided with a package 2 in which a light guiding portion 7 is provided, a spectroscopic module 3 accommodated inside the package 2, and a support member 29 arranged on an inner wall plane of the package 2 to support the spectroscopic module 3. The spectroscopic module 3 is provided with a body portion 11 for transmitting light made incident from the light guiding portion 7 and a spectroscopic portion 13 for dispersing light passed through the body portion 11 on a predetermined plane of the body portion 11, and the spectroscopic portion 13 is supported by the support member 29 on the predetermined plane in a state of being spaced away from the inner wall plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Katsumi Shibayama, Tomofumi Suzuki, Masashi Ito