Abstract: A wrapping apparatus having a rotating ring which carries a film dispenser carriage adapted to dispense film web around a load carried on a wrapping conveyor. A traveling film clamp mechanism is mounted adjacent the wrapping conveyor and extends through the plane of the rotating ring to engage, clamp, cut and brush film web dispensed from the film dispenser carriage. The traveling film clamp mechanism incorporates a linear driver assembly, a fixed clamp jaw mounted to the linear driver assembly and positioned substantially parallel to the line of travel in which the linear driver operates, a rotating jaw mounted to the linear driver assembly adapted to close against the fixed jaw to clamp film web therebetween, and a rotating cutter brush arm carrying a leading cutter edge and a trailing brush.
Abstract: A roll eccentricity control system for rolling apparatus in which a period of each cycle corresponding to one revolution of the roll is divided into a plurality of sections, a deviation in thickness of the rolled material in each section is sampled during the rolling operation, the sampled deviations in the respective sections for at least one period are averaged to determine a period average deviation and the deviations sampled during plural periods are averaged separately for the respective sections to determine section average deviations of the respective sections which are stored as basic data, the period average deviation is subtracted from the section average deviations and the resultant differences for the respective sections are stored as basic patterns, the basic data and the basic pattern stored for each section are readout at a suitable timing to be used for producing a reduction position control signal for that section, which is adapted to compensate the thickness variation of the rolled material
Abstract: A roll stand has a frame in which upper and lower working rolls are journaled for rotation about respective parallel upper and lower working-roll axes and defining a workpiece nip. Respective upper and lower backup-roll guide elements vertically flank the working rolls and are each at least partially vertically displaceable relative to the frame. Respective upper and lower backup-roll journal blocks are axially displaceable but vertically fixed relative to the guide elements and define parallel upper and lower inner axes flanking the working axes. Respective inner backup rolls are journaled in the blocks for rotation about the inner axes and bear radially toward the nip on the working rolls. The inner backup rolls are therefore axially displaceable in the guide elements. A pair of outer backup rolls are journaled in the frame for rotation about outer axes coplanar with the respective inner axes and bear radially toward the nip on the inner backup rolls.
Abstract: In order to be able to manipulate a feeding device with which molten steel is introduced into a twin-belt caster without ingress of air in preparation for the casting process and to carefully align the feeding device and the caster to the required extent, the feeding device includes a pouring body which is mounted in its own carriage so as to be rotatable about a horizontal pivot axis, and a separately movable tundish which is connected with the pouring body via a ball joint which forms the point of separation in that the ball socket of the ball joint and the ball pivot of the ball pivot are each respectively associated with either the tundish or the pouring body. The pouring body can be arrested in the manner of a rocker in different sloped positions and can be laterally displaced in a direction transverse to its longitudinal extent.
March 21, 1984
Date of Patent:
October 1, 1985
Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
Dieter Figge, Hans Siemer, Gerd Artz, Clemens Philipp
Abstract: A fixture and method for manufacturing corner joints wherein two workpieces having mitered edges are joined to form a corner axis. The workpieces are clamped underneath a table having a plurality of parallel finger slots so that the corner axis is perpendicular to the lengthwise axis of the linger joints. A router is guided through the finger slots to cut aligned slots in mitered edges of the workpieces. A spline is received in the slots to lock the workpieces together.
Abstract: The process and the device which are the object of the invention relate to the cold rolling of tubes by means of a Pilger mill. The tube blank is made to advance near each of the upstream and downstream dead centers reached by the roll stand during its forward and return cyclical movement and backward movement of the rear part of the blank is made possible during a return pass of the roll stand. This process makes possible a doubling of production without changing the operating rate of the roll stand.
Abstract: A roll mill stand comprising a main roll mounted in bearings encompassed by pads, and an auxiliary roll with a strip passed between the rolls. The pads and the auxiliary roll are movable on guides provided on the housing. The stand further includes a mechanism to control the profile and shape of the strip. The mechanism comprises a drive, a crosspiece with a groove, which is movable on the guides of the housing, a wedge received in the groove of the crosspiece and connected to the drive, and two cams installed in channels provided in the walls of the groove of the crosspiece. The wedge is conjugated with a collet which is mechanically coupled to the crosspiece, encompasses the auxiliary roll and has two grooves, and with two inserts, each received in a respective groove of the collet and conjugated with a respective cam.
April 21, 1983
Date of Patent:
September 17, 1985
Kramatorsky Industrialny Institut
Viktor F. Potapkin, Igor A. Morozov, Vladimir A. Fedorinov, Alexandr S. Ravich
Abstract: Disclosed is a rolling mill in which an intermediate roll is interposed between a work roll and a backup roll and is offset by a suitable distance in the direction of the rolling line. A horizontal bending force is exerted to the intermediate roll so that the flatness of the rolled product can be controlled with a higher degree of accuracy.
Abstract: A rolling mill is disclosed in which, in order to improve the quality of rolled products, a work roll with a small diameter is used and is offset by a predetermined distance from the reduction line and the horizontal bending force is exerted to the small-diameter work roll through a horizontal intermediate roll from a sectionalized roll so that flatness of a workpiece being rolled is controlled. The small-diameter work roll, the horizontal intermediate roll and the sectionalized roll are so arranged that their axes are maintained in coplanar relationship with each other. Therefore the axes of these rolls can be automatically aligned with a high degree of precision.
Abstract: A refolding and stacking receptacle for segmented sheet material, particularly computer printout paper. The receptacle has a support for supporting a stack of the material in flat, folded condition, a guideway positioned centrally of the support for receiving the leading end of a moving web of the material fed to the receptacle in an unfolded condition, and a stop in the guideway for arresting the motion of the material on contact. This results in zig-zag folding of the web and its stacking within the receptacle.
Abstract: A slide and actuator mechanism for the vertical travel of the cutting tool on an Inverted pin routing machine. A slide that provides a rigid support for the cutting spindle and is durable, unaffected by wood dust, adjustable for exact alignment with top mounted guide pin, and inexpensive to manufacture. The actuator lever that moves said slide vertically by applying lifting pressure at the balance point so that the cantilevered motor mount will not cock or bind on the shaft that it rides and thus allows for gravity retract of the motorized cutting tool. Conventional shaft and bushing slides of this type use two shafts with two to four bushings riding on both shafts requiring the shafts to be in absolute perfect alignment to avoid tight spots and binding over the entire travel of the slide. Otherwise expensive alignment devices on the shafts are incorporated or extremely accurate machining methods are required, both of which would put the product price out of the range of the intended market.
Abstract: The invention relates to a rolling unit having three rollers with axes arranged at 120.degree., wherein the main roller shaft derives its motion from a drive and transmits it to the shafts of the other two rollers through bevel gears. To simplify the assembly and service procedures, as well as to improve the roller adjustment facilities, the main roller is carried on a supporting body which can be removably positioned on the unit casing to allow axial adjustment of the main roller. The respective shaft engages rotatively, but in an axially slidable manner, with a coupling shaft connected to the drive. The supporting body may be attached to the casing radially, thereby it becomes possible to assemble the main shaft, together with the roller, bearings, and gears, and then secure the supporting body on the casing.
Abstract: The invention relates to a process for endless-cycle sterilization of the sheet material utilized in aseptic packaging of pre-sterilized fluid food-stuffs, and to plant therefor. The process involves sterilization of a continuous sheet of material--caused subsequently to assume tubular format--by means basically of its being bathed on both sides and then sprayed with superheated steam jetted likewise at either side. Following such heat treatment, the sheet is shaped into a continuous tube and filled, this dual operation coming about within an enclosure maintained in sterile conditions. Plant for carrying the process into effect basically comprises a first chamber (3) inside which the alreadly-bathed sheet (1) is sprayed with steam, and a second chamber (5) inside which sterile conditions are maintained, wherein the sheet is duly shaped into a tube (10) and filled.
Abstract: A single strand rolling mill has successive pairs of work rolls arranged to roll rod and bar products in a twist-free manner. The work rolls are carried on roll shafts included as part of roll packages which are detachably mounted to gear housings, and the gear housings contain intermediate drive shafts and intermeshed gears connected via line shaft segments and intermeshed bevel gears to a primary mill drive. The gear housings are carried on a base which is made up of a flat vertically upstanding structural member standing on edge and joined to an underlying base plate. The structural member extends beneath and in parallel relationship to the rolling line. Rib members extend laterally away from and are spaced along opposite sides of the structural member. The rib members are joined on edge to both the structural member and the base plate and have upper support edges on which the gear housings are secured.
Abstract: There is disclosed a method and apparatus for the automatic handling and bagging of articles, such as can ends, and thereafter depositing filled bags of said article on a pallet member in such a manner as to provide a plurality of layers of filled, palletized bags. The apparatus includes a receiving station which can handle a continuous flow of articles and provide individual stacks of articles disposed in facewise relationship for delivery to a bagging station. At the bagging station the stack of articles is automatically disposed with a bag to provide a filled bag. A collating station is provided which receives the filled bags from the bagging station and temporarily stores a layer of a number of filled bags in generally side-by-side horizontal disposition prior to palletizing. The collating station includes a discharger for depositing a layer of filled bags onto a palletizing station.
Abstract: The invention is a tool which is used for splitting sections of wood into smaller pieces. In this invention a handle is secured to a wedge-shaped metal piece having a ridge on one side, and to this piece a second driving metal piece is fastened in such a manner that it is allowed to travel slightly on a shaft extending from the first wedge-shaped metal piece, and as its center of gravity is off-centered from the center line of the wedge-shaped piece it causes a twisting or prying motion to be applied to the wood being split. Between the two metal pieces a rubber washer is secured, to temporarily absorb the energy produced by the downward force of the driving metal piece, and then to immediately release said energy into the wedge-shaped piece of metal.
Abstract: A log holder for holding a log in a position to facilitate splitting of the log, the log holder having a plurality of diverging wall members joined to each other at the rear edges. The log holder is provided with means for supporting the wall members at an angle such that the junction of the rear edges slopes rearwardly from bottom to top. The log is placed between the diverging wall members and is held by gravity in a position inclined with respect to the vertical. Arms are provided to prevent the split pieces of the log from flying sideways. The restrained pieces are held in position for further splitting, or for pick-up with less stooping. Provision is also made for supporting a tool or tools on the log holder in a position for quick access where they do not interfere wtih the chopping action. The sheet metal members are secured to an angle iron which may be driven into the ground or in a modified form, secured to a supporting framework resting on the ground.
Abstract: A holder mounting a plurality of crimp blades for crimping of a moving web includes a cylindrical body having a curved outer surface, and eight slots defined in the outer surface. A crimp blade is secured within each of the slots such that rotation of the body causes the blades to crimp a web moving therepast. The diameter of the body and the positions of the blade mounting slots on the surface thereof are selected so that with the blades mounted to the body, rotation thereof causes crimps to be applied to the moving web with spacings thereon between successive crimps defining a repetitive pattern of substantially 2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0 and 3.0 inches (5.08, 5.08, 5.08, 5.08, 5.08, 5.08, 5.08 and 7.62 cm).
Abstract: To reduce the width of slabs from a reheating furnace to the width required in a finishing rolling train, thereby making it possible to feed slabs of only one width, or only a few widths, into the reheating furnace, the invention proposes rolling the slab in a width-reducing roll train in which the slab is subjected to traction such that plastic deformation occurs between the roll sets. In particular the width-reducing roll train has only one set of thickness rolls and has one or more sets of width rolls, thereby minimizing the length of the roll train and consequently reducing the lengths at the ends of the slab which are not subjected to the traction.
June 22, 1983
Date of Patent:
August 6, 1985
Estel Hoogovens B.V.
Hans Bruinsma, Frans Hollander, Rein L. Huisman, Adrianus G. Reinen
Abstract: Deviations from desired shape of plasticly deformable objects are corrected within narrow tolerances by a method wherein the real shape of the object is sensed, whereupon the deviation from the desired shape is determined and a correction length corresponding to the deviation is defined, after which the object in a straightening operation is subjected to a shape correction corresponding to the correction length. At least one measurement transmitter (4) is disposed to sense the real shape of the object (2) and deliver a corresponding output signal which is fed to a unit (6,8,9) for comparison with information about the desired shape of the object stored in the unit for determining the deviation, the unit delivering an output signal defining a correction length corresponding to the deviation, the output signal controlling a straightening device (12,14,16,18,20,22,24) to carry out a correction of the shape of the object corresponding to the correction length.