Patents Examined by Kennedy J. Schaetzle
  • Patent number: 7957811
    Abstract: A visual prosthesis and a method of operating a visual prosthesis are disclosed. Neural stimulation through electrodes is controlled by spatial maps, where a grouped or random association is established between the pixels of the acquired image and the electrodes. In this way distortions from the foveal pit and wiring mistakes in the implant can be corrected. Moreover, broken electrodes can be bypassed and a resolution limit can be tested, together with testing the benefit the patient receives from correct spatial mapping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Second Sight Medical Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Avraham Caspi, Jessy Dorn, Matthew J. McMahon, Robert J. Greenberg
  • Patent number: 7945324
    Abstract: Various different implementations of lead systems are disclosed for use with implantable stimulation systems. Generally, the lead systems incorporate, within an elongate lead body, one or more electrical conduits that connect to one or more distal electrodes, and a liquid-filled pressure transmission catheter lumen that extends proximally from a distal entry port. Use of the lead systems allows accurate pressure sensing at a location near where the electrodes are positioned. In addition, a defibrillator lead is disclosed having such features, and a system using that lead is capable of directly monitoring pressure within a heart chamber, and using that information to confirm the delivery of a defibrillation pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Data Sciences International, Inc.
    Inventors: Justin R. Van Hee, Andres Belalcazar
  • Patent number: 7945323
    Abstract: Methods of treating obesity and/or type II diabetes include applying at least one stimulus to the pituitary gland of a patient with an implanted stimulator in accordance with one or more stimulation parameters. The at least one stimulus is configured to treat obesity and/or type II diabetes. Systems for treating obesity and/or type II diabetes include a stimulator configured to apply at least one stimulus to the pituitary gland of a patient in accordance with one or more stimulation parameters. The at least one stimulus is configured to treat obesity and/or type II diabetes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Boston Scientific Neuromodulation Corporation
    Inventors: Kristen N. Jaax, Allison M. Foster, Todd K. Whitehurst
  • Patent number: 7945325
    Abstract: A method for allowing cardiac signals to be sensed and pacing pulse vectors to be delivered between two or more electrodes. In one embodiment, cardiac signals are sensed and pacing pulse vectors are delivered between at least one of a first left ventricular electrode and a second left ventricular electrode. Alternatively, cardiac signals are sensed and pacing pulse vectors are delivered between different combinations of the first and second left ventricular electrodes and a first supraventricular electrode. In addition, cardiac signals are sensed and pacing pulse vectors are delivered between different combinations of the first and second left ventricular electrode, the first supraventricular electrode and a conductive housing. In an additional embodiment, a first right ventricular electrode is used to sense cardiac signals and provide pacing pulses with different combinations of the first and second left ventricular electrodes, the first supraventricular electrode and the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey E. Stahmann, Bruce Tockman, Randy Westlund, Rene H. Wentkowski, Russell E. Anderson
  • Patent number: 7925356
    Abstract: A far-field radio frequency (RF) telemetry system for communicating with an implantable medical device includes a diversity antenna system. Multi-frame messages each including multiple outgoing data frames are transmitted to the implantable medical device. In response, the implantable medical device transmits response data frames each following one or more of the outgoing data frames, according to a predetermined communication protocol. An antenna control circuit selects an antenna of the diversity antenna system for transmitting the outgoing data frames and/or receiving the response data frames based the quality of signal reception associated with the response data frames.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Hui Li, Joseph E. Bange, Sylvia Quiles, Prashant Rawat, Vineel Vallapureddy
  • Patent number: 7917222
    Abstract: A cerebral and/or interface system has a housing mechanism configured to be at least partially spaced in a cavity formed in the subject's skull; an attaching mechanism for attaching the housing mechanism to the subject's skull; a sealing mechanism for providing a fluid-tight seal between the housing mechanism and the subject's skull; a control mechanism spaced within the housing mechanism; a communication mechanism with one or more sensors embedded in the subject's brain connecting the control mechanism to the subject's brain; and a power source spaced within the housing mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Plint Hills Scientific LLC
    Inventors: Ivan Osorio, Mark G. Frei
  • Patent number: 7904155
    Abstract: Methods and devices are disclosed for employing mechanical measurements to synchronize contractions of ventricular wall locations. Accelerometers that may be placed within electrode leads are positioned at ventricular wall locations, such as the left ventricle free wall, right ventricle free wall, and the anterior wall/septum wall. The accelerometers produce signals in response to the motion of the ventricular wall locations. A processor may then compare the signals to determine a difference in the synchronization of the ventricular wall location contractions. The difference in synchronization can be determined in various ways such as computing a phase difference and/or amplitude difference between the accelerometer signals. One or more stimulation pulses may be provided per cardiac cycle to resynchronize the contractions as measured by the accelerometers to thereby constantly and automatically optimize the cardiac resynchronization therapy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Yinghong Yu, Jiang Ding, Qingsheng Zhu
  • Patent number: 7904143
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for locating arrhythmogenic cardiac focus. A training set of electrical signal data is acquired and automatically analyzed to identify CFAE locations. The data representing the CFAE locations are and subjected to determinations of medical significance, such as ablation decisions, by a battery of physicians. The decisions and descriptive statistics of the data are fitted to a binary logistic mixed model, in which the physician decisions are treated as random effects. The model is then applied to patient CFAE data to establish estimates of medical significance, such as suitability for ablation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Biosense Webster, Inc.
    Inventors: Eva Ishay, Gal Hayam, Tsahi Grinberg
  • Patent number: 7904166
    Abstract: The invention relates to a configuration and a method for the management of data of a plurality of programmable personal medical devices. The configuration comprises a first plurality of personal devices, a second plurality of patient devices each calibrated to at least one personal device, a third plurality of programming devices each calibrated to at least one personal device, a central management unit, a service center, and a management database. The patient devices and/or the programming devices are controlled using management data, upon establishment of the existence of a communication between the management unit and the patient device and/or a programming device, on the basis of this establishment and on the basis of stored management data, specific management data being transmitted to the patient device and/or programming device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Biotronik CRM Patent AG
    Inventors: Michael Diebold, Hans-Juergen Wildau
  • Patent number: 7899555
    Abstract: The intrapericardial lead includes a lead body having a proximal portion and a flexible, pre-curved distal end portion. The distal end portion carries at least one electrode assembly containing an electrode adapted to engage pericardial tissue. The distal end portion further carries a pre-curved flexible wire member having ends attached to spaced apart points along the distal end portion of the lead body, the flexible wire member having a normally expanded state wherein an intermediate portion of the wire member is spaced apart from the distal end portion, and a generally straightened state wherein the wire member and the distal end portion are disposed in a more parallel, adjacent relationship so as to present a small frontal area to facilitate delivery into the pericardial space. The wire member re-expands to its normal state after delivery into the percaridal space to anchor the distal end portion of the lead body relative to the pericardial tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Pacesetter, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin L. Morgan, Steven R. Conger, Anna Barlow, Stuart Rosenberg, Wenbo Hou, Michael Yang, Sheldon Williams
  • Patent number: 7890182
    Abstract: A method for configuring stimulation pulses in an implantable stimulator device having a plurality of electrodes is disclosed, which method is particularly useful in adjusting the electrodes by current steering during initialization of the device. In one aspect, a set of ideal pulses for patient therapy is determined, in which at least two of the ideal pulses are of the same polarity and are intended to be simultaneous applied to corresponding electrodes on the implantable stimulator device during an initial duration. These pulses are reconstructed into fractionalized pulses, each comprised of pulse portions. The fractionalized pulses are applied to the corresponding electrodes on the device during a final duration, but the pulse portions of the fractionalized pulses are not simultaneously applied during the final duration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Boston Scientific Neuromodulation Corporation
    Inventors: Jordi Parramon, Rafael Carbunaru, Matthew I. Haller
  • Patent number: 7885713
    Abstract: The method of treating decreased laryngeal elevation uses a neuro-orthotic device in combination with electrical stimulation of the submandibular muscles to treat the laryngeal elevator musculature. Muscle re-education and rehabilitation is provided using a neuro-orthotic device in combination with electrical stimulation of the submandibular muscles to treat laryngeal elevator musculature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Ampcare, LLC
    Inventors: Russell A. Campbell, Ronda Polansky, Patrick Lee McAdoo, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7885712
    Abstract: Techniques for increasing the safety of medical device programming using general purpose hardware, such as a general purpose personal computer, are described. In some embodiments, a system includes an intermediate computing device comprising an applications module. Information from the applications module, such as instructions for an implantable medical device (IMD), may be presented to a user via a user input terminal that is separate from the intermediate computing device. A user may interact with the user input terminal to select an instruction from the applications module, and the intermediate computing device may transmit the selected instruction to the IMD. In some embodiments, the intermediate computing device comprises a web server and the user input terminal comprises a web browser configured to access the web server. In other embodiments, the intermediate computing device comprises a client server and the user input terminal comprises a client.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven M. Goetz, Donald R. Johnson, Touby A. Drew, Andrew H. Houchins, Jeffrey T. Keacher, Theodore J. Stone, Earle T. Roberts
  • Patent number: 7881789
    Abstract: A cardiac rhythm management device is configured to detect oscillations in cardiac rhythm by comparing electrogram signals during successive heart beats. Upon detection of electrical alternans, the device may adjust its operating behavior to compensate for the deleterious effects of the condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph M. Pastore, Steven D. Girouard, Bruce H. KenKnight, Qingsheng Zhu, Jiang Ding
  • Patent number: 7881809
    Abstract: A cardiac catheter for minimally invasive diagnostic and/or ablation procedures includes an elongated cylindrical, electrically non-conductive exterior tube with surface electrodes disposed on its distal portion and a handle on its proximal end. The distal portion can be curved into a curvature retained by a single action on a manual actuator. An electromechanical drive system may be incorporated into the handle. An electrical heating element may be incorporated within the distal electrode for ablation procedures. A removable, disposable blood contacting segment may be provided. The non-blood contacting actuator is thus reusable. The catheter includes two tension/compression members, which are wires with circular cross-sections that are integrally formed into ribbon-like configurations at their distal portions, for curvature formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc.
    Inventor: Rassoll Rashidi
  • Patent number: 7877142
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices are provided for improving the hemodynamic efficiency of a patient's heart by implanting one or more reinforcement elements on or with the heart and providing electrical stimulation to the heart. The reinforcement elements may include magnetic and/or shape memory material and are configured to reshape the heart so as to boost the heart's mechanical energy during a response to the electrical stimulation. In some embodiments, at least one reinforcement element includes an electrode configured to sense electrocardiogram signals within the heart. An electrical stimulation device such as an implantable or external pacemaker/defibrillator may be configured to control delivery of electrical pulses to the heart based on the sensed electrocardiogram signals. In addition, or in other embodiments, at least one reinforcement element includes an electrode configured to deliver the electrical pulses to the heart.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: MiCardia Corporation
    Inventors: Shahram Moaddeb, Samuel M. Shaolian, Emanuel Shaoulian
  • Patent number: 7869868
    Abstract: Capacitor packaging according to the disclosure provides advantages particularly in connection to compact and/or complex-shaped medical devices (e.g., having limited interior volume defined by domed and/or irregular exterior surfaces). In addition, capacitors of the type shown and described herein can be utilized in relatively compact external defibrillators, such as automatic external defibrillators or clinician-grade, automated or manually-operated external defibrillators. In one form a plurality of capacitors having substantially flat exterior surfaces are placed in an abutting relationship between at least a pair of major surfaces and the major surfaces are spaced from an opposing or adjacent surface in a non-parallel configuration. In other forms, one or more exterior surface portions have a common and/or complex radius dimension (i.e., the surfaces are curved).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffery A. Swanson, William L. Johnson, William K. Wenger
  • Patent number: 7865250
    Abstract: Systems provide a stimulation electrode assembly sized and configured for placement in an adipose tissue region to stimulate a nerve in the adipose tissue region comprising an elongated lead sized and configured to be implanted within the adipose tissue region, the lead including at least two electrically conductive portions to apply electrical stimulation to nerve tissue in the adipose tissue region, and at least two expandable anchoring structures deployable from the lead to engage adipose tissue and resist dislodgment and/or migration of the at least two electrically conductive portions within the adipose tissue region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Medtronic Urinary Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph J. Mrva, Robert B. Strother, Geoffrey B. Thrope, Julie Grill, Maria E. Bennett
  • Patent number: 7865249
    Abstract: According to embodiments of the present invention, a cardiac lead system adapted for fixation to a vessel including an expandable fixation mechanism adapted to engage an inner surface of the vessel and a lead member comprising an anchor structure at distal end, the anchor structure configured to removably engage with fixation mechanism. Such anchor structure may be helical, and may removably engage fixation mechanism upon rotation or an application of torque, and may be extendable and/or retractable. Fixation mechanism may be polymer coated weave and/or mesh to trap anchor structure. Lead member and/or fixation mechanism may include electrodes and/or sensors, and lead member may include L-shape, S-shape, spiral, and/or sinusoidal shape for positioning of electrodes and/or sensors or for facilitated engagement of anchor structure. A guide wire attached to fixation mechanism during deployment may, prior to detachment, serve to guide lead member to a target site at fixation mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventor: G. Shantanu Reddy
  • Patent number: 7865241
    Abstract: A device and method for cardiac rhythm management in which a heart chamber is paced in accordance with a pacing mode that employs sense signals from the opposite chamber. A protection period triggered by the sensing of intrinsic activity in the paced chamber is used to inhibit pacing without otherwise disturbing the pacing algorithm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew P. Kramer, Jeffrey E. Stahmann