Abstract: A method for making sucker rods composed of a rod body (1) and end heads (2), consisting in upsetting the rod body end portions (8) carried out at a temperature that precludes softening of the rod body (1) metal, a thickening (9) being formed on each of the end portions (8), the width of the thickening in a direction perpendicular with the rod body (1) axis being equal to or in excess of the head (2) maximum diameter in the weld joint place, while its length exceeds the width of the heat-affected area (17) involved in the welding process. A transition portion (10) shaped as a solid of revolution has a cross-section which smoothly and continuously decreases from the thickening (9) towards the rod body (1). The upsetting procedure is followed by friction welding of each of the end heads (2) together with the thickening (9) on the rod body and portion (8) and by turning the weld joint zone.
May 9, 1989
Date of Patent:
February 18, 1992
Islam K. O. Karaev, Talat M. O. Shikhlinsky, Konstantin P. Polikhronov, Pavel M. Sutovsky, Emilia V. Avakian, Nikolai V. Semkin, Avraam M. Rabinovich, Rauf D. Dzhabarov
Abstract: The tube is at least two inches long and has successive sections of progressively smaller diameters to produce a correspondingly shaped sprue passage communicating with a pattern cavity in a casting investment, so that fluid casting material passes with increasingly fluid velocity between an inlet and outlet of the sprue passage during the casting process. A bulbous portion of the tube is spaced from its free end, to form a reservoir chamber in the sprue passage, spaced sufficiently from the pattern cavity, so that casting material flowing through the sprue passage attains maximum velocity at the outlet of the passage entering the pattern cavity.
Abstract: The ceramic core is located within the ceramic mold by the insertion of recrystallized alumina pins through the wax encasing the core prior to encasing the whole in a ceramic slurry; on the subsequent removal of the wax, the molten metal, i.e. superalloy, is injected into the resulting space; the recrystallized alumina pins remain intact during the casting process hence substantially increasing the success rate of achieving accurate core locating during casting solidification.
Abstract: An animal trap for catching animals in an unharmed manner, comprises a cage having a top, a bottom, a pair of side walls, a first end wall, and a second end wall. There is an opening in said cage, and a door means located in the first end wall. A platform is adapted to receive and retain bait used to attract animals and also adapted to receive at least a portion of the body of an animal to be trapped, said platform having a set position and an actuated position, with retaining means for retaining said platform in said set position. The retaining means releases the platform upon introduction of at least a portion of the weight of the animal, whereby the platform is moved from its set position to its actuated position upon being released. The door means has a set position and an actuated position, and is in the set position when the platform is in its set position.
Abstract: A method of direct casting crystalline metal sheet in continuous strip form from a melt of metal having a melting point below about 900.degree. C. on a continuously driven substantially smooth chill surface cooled to extract heat from the strip being cast avoids gas pockets between the strip and chill surface by applying heat from an external source to the chill surface prior to the chill reentering the melt whereby vaporizable condensates and deposits on the chill surface are eliminated prior to contact with the melt.
Abstract: A method of joining surface mount components includes screen printing a single layer of solder paste or other adhesive onto a substrate, positioning a component with a planar lead with a hole through the planar lead over the solder and mounting a second component over the hole in the first lead. The assembly is heated or otherwise processed until the solder or adhesive flows by capillary action through the hole and into the space between the components such that it forms solder joint between the stacked components.
Abstract: A double-winged door spring is biased for closing with a mechanism for damping of the closure movement and includes a closure sequence control, particularly of a fire-resistant door, in which the damping of the movable door portion is accomplished through a hydraulic damping element with throttled overflow. The hydraulic damping element includes two oppositely controlled pressure chambers defined by a double-acting piston and a valve disposed in the overflow conduit connecting the two pressure chambers, the valve being actuated directly or indirectly through the stationary door portion. By the valve being disposed in the overflow conduit, actuation of the movable door portion can be inhibited until the stationary door portion is closed.
Abstract: A non-dedicated pallet assembly (10) is provided to carry and precisely position a plurality of integrated circuit package (12). The pallet assembly includes an exterior frame subassembly (14) encompassing an interior frame subassembly (16) formed to include a plurality of receiving nests (48) arrayed in rows thereon. Each receiving nest (48) is adapted to receive a modular package holder (18) in one of several selectable rotational orientations. The preferred modular package holders (18) may be in the form of a finger support holder (126), a surface protection holder (128) or a multi-nest holder (130), each conformed to the shape and dimensions of a selected package (12). Vertical support to the package holders (18) and the packages (12) is provided by a leaf spring (60) associated with each receiving nest (48) and by an openable and closable gate subassembly (20) associated with each pair of rows of receiving nests (48).
Abstract: An artificial lure has a main body, a leader with a hook, and a preserve element located between the main body and the thin rod and formed so that it does not change during throwing the lure and manipulations in water, but then in response to a setting by a fishermen allows movement of the thin rod with the hook relative to the main body to improve engagement of the hook in the fish mouth.
Abstract: Apparatus for non-impact handling of foundry castings utilizes a sand pervious basket to receive a sand mold and casting and to segregate the casting from the mold. A turntable assembly lifts and translates the basket to a secondary conveyor which removes the casting for further processing. The secondary conveyor may be a walking beam conveyor adapted to operate inside a quenching tank and the basket adapted to align with the walking beam conveyor for removal of the casting.
Abstract: A method of repairing turbine blades where it is required to repair a blade while it is in situ on a rotor involves the movement of a lacing wire out of engagement with the blade to be repaired so that the blade may be repaired. The lacing wire may be completely removed from the array and replaced, or a new lacing wire member inseted by providing elongate holes or slots in the blade to enable the lacing wire member or members to be inserted into the blade array.
Abstract: A motion regulator for a hinge such as, for example, a tripartite eyeglass hinge, with at least two hinge tabs and a hinge screw, a sleeve surrounding the hinge screw disposed in a hinge eye of the hinge tab. The sleeve projects beyond the hinge tab and rests against a neighboring hinge tab or tabs. In order to obtain an objective that a braking torque, determining the motion characteristics of the hinge, is substantially constant and independent of the tightening torque of the hinge screw, a spring-elastic element is arranged at least between the hinge tab wherein the sleeve is located and the hinge tab movable with respect to this hinge tab. The spring-elastic element, resilient in the axial direction with respect to the hinge screw axis, is in contact under a pretensioning with a contact surface of at least one hinge tab, which surface is rotationally symmetrical with respect to the hinge screw axis.
Abstract: In an immersion nozzle for continuous casting, at least one portion of reduced a sectional area of passage for molten metal is formed near to the bottom of the nozzle and plural discharge ports symmetrically arranged with respect to the axis of the nozzle are arranged above and below the reduced sectional area portion in the longitudinal direction of the nozzle. Further, molten metal is continuously cast by using the above immersion nozzle together with a static magnetic field.
Abstract: A continuous casting process introduces the factor of rate temperature change for detecting break out in the cast metal. Introduction of rate of temperature change as a parameter representative of the cast metal condition is successful for avoiding the influence of variation of the casting condition, fluctuation of the powder to be introduced between the casting mold wall and the cast metal, casting speed and so forth. For achieving accurate detection of break out of the cast metal by introducing the temperature change factor, casting mold wall temperatures are measured at various measuring points which are circumferentially aligned. Rates of temperature change at each measuring point and average rate of temperature change of all measuring points are derived and compared for making judgement of possible break out when the difference of the rate of temperature change at each measuring point and the average rate of temperature change becomes greater than a predetermined value.
Abstract: A frame connection member, which is fixedly mounted on one of an upper split frame and a lower split frame, is pivoted on the other split frame so as to revolve around a horizontal axis shaft line. An inversely tapered concavity for inserting a twisted shaft portion of a torsion bar from a direction meeting at right angles with the axis shaft line of the shaft portion is formed in the frame connection member. The frame connection member is provided with a first engagement member for engaging a biasing reaction force portion on one end side of the torsion bar, the other split frame being provided with a second engagement member for engaging a biasing reaction force portion on the other end side of the torsion bar. The other split frame has a revolution regulating member for regulating a revolving range of the frame connection member relative to the other split frame at a range larger than a predetermined open angle set by an angle regulating device.
Abstract: An insect or vermin trap having a main housing and high voltage generating means within the housing. The generating means generates a voltage of sufficient magnitude for exterminating insects, vermin or the like entering the trap. One or more entries into the main housing when the electrodes are in that housing or into the separate housing if the electrodes are in a separate housing the the entries enabling insects or vermin to enter the trap. Two spaced electrodes either within the main housing or separate housing supplied with the voltage generated by the generating means for exterminating insects or the like which bridge the space between the electrodes. Control means is present for providing controlled alternation between an on period for which the electrodes are supplied with the high voltage and an off period for which the electrodes are not supplied with the voltage.
October 14, 1987
Date of Patent:
August 21, 1990
Lawrence V. M. Stone, Robert C. J. Van Mourik
Abstract: A process for joining first and second aluminum sheets in which the bonding surfaces of the aluminum sheets have their aluminum oxide layer replaced by a zinc layer and the zinc layers are plated with a non-alloy metal bonding material such as cadmium. The first and second aluminum sheets are then assembled and fastened together with an engaging means for holding the sheets together, and then the assembled sheets are placed in a vacuum. The sheets are subsequently heated in the vacuum thereby creating a bond of cadmium between them, removed from the vacuum, and then passivated.
Abstract: An apparatus for mounting and/or soldering or cementing electronic components on printed circuit boards, having a first carrier for at least one circuit board and a second carrier for the component, the first and second carriers being displaceable relative to one another parallel to the plane of the circuit board and transverse thereto, and having a magazine for the components, is constructed so that before or after the component has been placed on the printed circuit board displacements of the component or its carrier in at least one of its coordinate directions (X, Y, Z) transverse to and/or along the printed circuit board can be avoided.
Abstract: An integrated pesticide applicating system utilizes lengths of small diameter closed end flexible tubing with periodically spaced perforations having open ends terminating at junction boxes which are serviced on a periodic basis by certified pest control technicians utilizing expanding chemicals that are administered in measured quantities to provide a residual pest control block in concealed areas of a building. Externally mounted junction boxes provide a pest control method in which the chemicals can be applied without the necessity of access to the interior of the building by the servicing technician. Tubing perforations are preferably conically shaped.
Abstract: "A multi-purpose cartridge type handle assembly" utilizing a movable block wedged in a "U"-shaped bracket and urged by a spring to hold various adaptors fitted with special sanitary tools for flexible operations.