Patents Examined by Sarah A Slifka
  • Patent number: 10840548
    Abstract: A solid electrolyte laminate which can prevent a reduction in the discharge capacity of an all-solid-state battery despite the inclusion of an insulator such as alumina in the solid electrolyte laminate is disclosed. The disclosed solid electrolyte laminate includes a solid electrolyte and an insulator, wherein the solid electrolyte laminate has a multi-layer structure including a first low-insulator-content solid electrolyte layer, a high-insulator-content solid electrolyte layer, and a second low-insulator-content solid electrolyte layer laminated in this order. The content ratio of the insulator in each of the first and the second low-insulator-content solid electrolyte layer is lower than the content ratio of the insulator in the high-insulator-content solid electrolyte layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yoshitaka Minamida
  • Patent number: 10829372
    Abstract: Among other things, the present invention encompasses the applicant's recognition that epoxide carbonylation can be performed industrially utilizing syngas streams containing hydrogen, carbon monoxide and varying amounts carbon dioxide. Contrary to expectation, the epoxide carbonylation reaction proceeds selectively in the presence of these mixed gas streams and incorporates excess CO in the syngas stream into valuable chemical precursors, resulting in hydrogen streams substantially free of CO. This is economically and environmentally preferable to performing WSGR which releases the excess carbon as CO2. The integrated processes herein therefore provide improved carbon efficiency for processes based on coal or biomass gasification or steam methane reforming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Novomer, Inc.
    Inventors: Sadesh H. Sookraj, Michael A. Slowik
  • Patent number: 10833341
    Abstract: A non-catalytic hydrogen generation process is provided that supplies hydrogen to a hydrodesulfurization unit and a solid oxide fuel cell system combination, suitable for auxiliary power unit application. The non-catalytic nature of the process enables use of sulfur containing feedstock for generating hydrogen which is needed to process the sulfur containing feed to specifications suitable for the solid oxide fuel cell. Also, the non-catalytic nature of the process with fast dynamic characteristics is specifically applicable for startup and shutdown purposes that are typically needed for mobile applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Inventors: Thang Viet Pham, Hasan Imran, Mohamed Daoudi
  • Patent number: 10818945
    Abstract: A voltage control system includes a converter device, and a controller configured to set a duty ratio according to a current target value so as to cause the converter device to repeatedly perform a boost operation according to the duty ratio. The controller is configured to set the duty ratio by use of a basic term including a feedforward term, and an additional term, the feedforward term being derived by use of a measured value of a magnitude of an input of a reactor provided in the converter device and a measured value of a magnitude of an output of the reactor or by use of respective target values of the magnitude of the input and the magnitude of the output in the reactor, the additional term being derived by use of the variation of the current target value during one cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yutaka Tano, Kenji Umayahara, Takahiro Umehara, Tomoya Ogawa
  • Patent number: 10811727
    Abstract: Electrolytes and electrolyte additives for energy storage devices comprising an ether compound are disclosed. The energy storage device comprises a first electrode and a second electrode, wherein at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode is a Si-based electrode, a separator between the first electrode and the second electrode, an electrolyte, and at least one electrolyte additive selected from ether compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Enevate Corporation
    Inventors: Liwen Ji, Benjamin Yong Park, Heidi Anderson, Sung Won Choi
  • Patent number: 10804549
    Abstract: Provided are: a power generation system that can generate electric power efficiently with a fuel cell; and a method for operating said power generation system. This power generation system comprises: a fuel cell including a plurality of unit fuel cell modules; a gas turbine; various lines for circulating fuel gas, air, discharged fuel gas, and discharged air between the fuel cell and the gas turbine; and a control device. The control device determines the number of said unit fuel cell modules to be operated on the basis of the required power generation amount, and operates the determined number of said unit fuel cell modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Inventors: Yukimasa Nakamoto, Kazunori Fujita
  • Patent number: 10804539
    Abstract: A negative electrode for a lithium-metal secondary battery and a lithium-metal secondary battery including the same are provided which have an excellent life characteristic and have less irregular resin phases formed on the surface the negative electrode. The negative electrode includes a polymer layer arranged in a lattice structure having vacant spaces, so that the specific surface area of the negative electrode can be increased, a uniform current density distribution can thereby be achieved, the negative electrode has excellent life characteristics, and the formation of irregular resin phases can be suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Hee Won Choi, Sang Wook Woo, Oh Byong Chae, Eun Kyung Kim
  • Patent number: 10790488
    Abstract: An exemplary battery assembly according includes, among other things, a tray, and a cover adjacent the tray to provide a flow path therebetween. The battery assembly further includes a tray boss configured to selectively provide a port through the tray to the flow path, a cover boss configured to selectively provide a port through the cover to the flow path, and a protective fin that is spaced from, and extends at least partially about, the tray boss or the cover boss. An exemplary battery coolant port protection method includes, among other things, forming a cover or a tray with both a boss and a protective fin. The method further removing material from the boss to provide a coolant port to a flow path between the cover and the tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Christian Johan Owen Handley, Saravanan Paramasivam, Asif Iqbal, Jeffery Christ
  • Patent number: 10784547
    Abstract: A system for controlling a temperature of an electrical energy storage device may include a coolant circuit through which a coolant is flowable, a refrigerant circuit through which a refrigerant is flowable, a first coolant cooler, a support structure, and at least one molded component. The coolant circuit may be thermally coupled to the electrical energy storage device such that heat is at least one of (i) absorbable from the electrical energy storage device via the coolant and (ii) dissipatable to the electrical energy storage device via the coolant. The refrigerant circuit may be configured as part of a heat pump. The first coolant cooler may be configured to transfer heat between the coolant and the refrigerant. The at least one molded component may be structured separately from the support structure and may include a foamed plastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Mahle International GmbH
    Inventors: Christoph Hipp, Markus Schauer, Raphael Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 10784528
    Abstract: The description relates to fuel cells and fuel cell systems. One example includes at least one multi cell membrane electrode assembly (MCMEA). Individual MCMEAs can include multiple serially interconnected sub-cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Emergent Power, Inc
    Inventor: William A. Fuglevand
  • Patent number: 10777830
    Abstract: An apparatus for diagnosing a fuel cell and a vehicle system includes a measuring device that measures a stack voltage and a stack current from a fuel cell stack, and at least one processor that extracts a plurality of reference current points and a plurality of reference voltage points corresponding to the reference current points by analyzing the measured stack voltage and the measured stack current, calculates an abnormality degree of the fuel cell stack based on a reference signal waveform formed by using voltage differences between the reference voltage points, and determines an abnormal state of the fuel cell stack based on the calculated abnormality degree of the fuel cell stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Inventors: Sang Bok Won, Young Pin Jin, Kwi Seong Jeong, Gi Young Nam
  • Patent number: 10777791
    Abstract: A battery includes a case and a battery core assembly disposed in the case, the battery core assembly includes a plurality of battery core groups and an receiving space holding the plurality of battery core groups, the battery core groups are connected in series, and the battery core group includes at least one battery core; a separator plate is disposed between at least two adjacent battery core groups, the separator plate divides the receiving space into a plurality of receiving cavities, each of the receiving cavities holds one or more battery core groups, and a cavity wall of the receiving cavity comprised by a connection of the separator plate and a separation membrane; and the battery further includes a liquid injection channel and the liquid injection channel in a sealed state, the liquid injection channel is disposed on at least one of the separation membranes and the separator plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Inventors: Chuanfu Wang, Long He, Huajun Sun, Jianhua Zhu, Zhipei Lu, Yan Zhu, Shichao Hu
  • Patent number: 10763521
    Abstract: A coolant flow field is formed between first and second metal separator plates of a joint separator (fuel cell separator). First and second beads protrude from the first and second metal separator plates. The beads include inner beads for preventing leakage of a reactant gas. An air release passage and a coolant drain passage extend through the fuel cell separator in a separator thickness direction, and the air release passage and the coolant drain passage are connected to a coolant flow field through a first connection channel and a second connection channel formed by recesses on the back of protrusions of the first and second beads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yu Tomana, Satoshi Oyama
  • Patent number: 10759284
    Abstract: A battery module for a traction battery having a housing, battery cells arranged inside the housing, a power electronics circuit board which is adjacent to the battery cells, a support face, facing away from the power electronics circuit board, for a cooling plate of the traction battery, and a heat-conducting element which bears over a surface on the power electronics circuit board and runs between the battery cells in the direction of or along the support face. Also described is a corresponding method for manufacturing a battery module, a corresponding traction battery and a corresponding electric car.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Malte Jaensch, Patrick Leidig, Stefan Götz
  • Patent number: 10763517
    Abstract: A stainless steel sheet for fuel cell separators comprises: a predetermined chemical composition; and fine precipitates containing Cr and Ti at a steel sheet surface, wherein an average equivalent circular diameter of the fine precipitates is 20 nm or more and 500 nm or less, and a number of the fine precipitates existing per 1 ?m2 at the steel sheet surface is three or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Inventors: Takayoshi Yano, Shin Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 10741881
    Abstract: The secondary battery includes a case in which a positive electrode lead and a negative electrode lead are provided, wherein the case includes an external layer exposed to the outside, an insulation layer disposed in the case and insulated, a conductive layer stacked between the external layer and the insulation layer, made of a conductive material, and having one side coming into contact with the positive electrode lead and the other side coming into contact with the negative electrode lead, and a safety member disposed at a center of the conductive layer to prevent electricity from flowing through the conductive layer at a predetermined temperature or less and melted at the predetermined temperature or more to allow the electricity to flow through the conductive layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Soon Hyung Choi, Su Rim Lee, Song Taek Oh
  • Patent number: 10734620
    Abstract: A battery cell of a battery pack to power an electric vehicle can include a housing to at least partially enclose an electrode assembly is provided. The battery cell can include a vent plate coupled with the housing via a glass weld at a lateral end of the battery cell. The vent plate can include a scoring pattern to cause the vent plate to rupture in response to a threshold pressure. A first end of a polymer tab can be electrically coupled with the vent plate at an area within a scored region defined by the scoring pattern. A second end of the polymer tab can be electrically coupled with an electrode assembly. The polymer tab can melt in response to either a threshold temperature or a threshold current within the battery cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Inventors: Ying Liu, Scott Quinlan Freeman Monismith, Chien-Fan Chen, Jeremy Andrew Elsberry, Yifan Tang
  • Patent number: 10720630
    Abstract: A secondary battery having improved output characteristics is disclosed. The secondary battery according to the present invention accommodates a cell assembly including a plurality of cells connected in parallel, and an electrolyte together in one package, in which positive electrodes of a plurality of central cells disposed at a central part of the cell assembly have a loading energy density higher than that of positive electrodes of a plurality of side cells disposed at a side part, and the positive electrodes of the central cells have positive electrode material coating layers formed at surfaces thereof, which are thicker than those formed at surfaces of the positive electrodes of the side cells. Preferably, the total resistance of the side cells is lower than the total resistance of the central cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyeok-Moo Lee, Song-Taek Oh
  • Patent number: 10714762
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst layer for fuel cell which has a high catalytic activity and enables maintaining the high catalytic activity. Disclosed is an electrode catalyst layer for fuel cell including a catalyst containing a catalyst carrier having carbon as a main component and a catalytic metal supported on the catalyst carrier, and a polymer electrolyte having a sulfonic acid group (—SO3H) as an ion exchange group, in which the catalyst has the R? (D?/G intensity ratio) of 0.6 or less, which is the ratio of D? band peak intensity (D? intensity) measured in the vicinity of 1620 cm?1 relative to G band peak intensity (G intensity) measured in the vicinity of 1580 cm?1 by Raman spectroscopy, and has BET specific surface area of 900 m2/g catalyst carrier or more, and mole number of a sulfonic acid group in the polymer electrolyte relative to weight of the catalyst carrier is 0.7 mmol/g or more and 1.0 mmol/g or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shinichi Takahashi, Tetsuya Mashio
  • Patent number: 10714771
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for starting up a fuel cell system from starting temperatures below 0° C. The methods apply to systems comprising a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack whose cathodes comprise an oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst and whose anodes comprise both a hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) catalyst and an oxidation evolution reaction (OER) catalyst. In the methods, from the beginning of starting up until the fuel cell temperature reaches 0° C., the fuel cell stack current is kept sufficiently low such that the current density drawn does not exceed the stack's capability for the oxidation evolution and the oxygen reduction reactions to occur at the anode and cathode respectively (i.e. current density drawn is less than the stack's maximum OER/ORR current density).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignees: Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company, Nissan Motor Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Michael Procter, Yosuke Fukuyama, Richard Fellows, Takeshi Shiomi, Laura Iwan