Abstract: An improved portable wood planing machine for the surface planing of wooden planks or boards is provided. The machine has a switched reluctance motor. In an exemplary embodiment, the planing machine includes a carriage assembly locking mechanism for locking the carriage assembly relative to a plurality of vertical support columns to thereby vertically fix the carriage assembly. In one form, the carriage assembly locking mechanism includes a plurality of levers which cooperate to engage the support columns of the carriage assembly. The exemplary embodiment further includes a depth stop adjustment mechanism which allows the operator to accurately select a minimum workpiece depth from one or more predetermined depths and a material removal indicator assembly operable for enabling the user of the planing machine to accurately determine the amount of material to be removed during each pass of the workpiece.
February 10, 1998
Date of Patent:
October 19, 1999
Black & Decker Inc.
Robert P. Welsh, Robert S. Gehret, Michael L. O'Banion, P. Brent Boyd, Barry D. Wixey, Louis M. Shadeck
Abstract: This invention relates to a router guide in general and in particular to a router guide which can follow the edge of a piece of wood whether it be straight or curved to provide a groove in the wood spaced from the edge of the wood. The guide includes an adjustable roller to engage the edge of the wood so that the distanace of the groove from the edge of the wood is quickly and easily varied.
Abstract: Adzer bit assemblies (18) are of noncircular outer surface configuration and have a noncircular surface seated against a face (15) of similar noncircular shape to hold the assembly against rotation. When becoming worn, the adzing bit assembly can be loosened from the adzing head (99), and rotated to present a fresh cutting surface.
Abstract: A log splitter having a wedge placed adjacent an end of the log to be split, a rod fixed to an end of the wedge remote from the log carried within an overlying housing. The rod and wedge are limited in the degree of travel by a bushing and a nailing gun propells the rod and the wedge into the log to be split since the gun is connected to the housing end remote from the wedge.
Abstract: A box to separate rolled stock, having a frame, an inlet guide, a pair of specially shaped rolls, and a device that, with one activation, can adjust both rolls in order to change the distance between the centers of the rolls.
Abstract: A rotary cutting assembly for cutting sheets of veneer as they are moving on a conveyor belt is provided. The rotary cutting assembly (10) includes at least one rotary blade assembly (12), a conveyor belt (20) for conveying material and acting as a cutting surface, a flexible flat platen (40) positioned under the inner surface (36) of the conveyor belt (20) in vertical alignment with the rotary blade assembly (12), and a backup roller (26) positioned above the rotary blade assembly (12). The rotary blade assembly (12) includes an elongated blade holder (64) with opposed sides (66 and 68) that taper outwardly to define opposed edges (70 and 72) having longitudinal channels (74 and 76). A clamping assembly (62) that includes a grooved clamp (84) and a tapered bar (86) securely clamps a blade (18) within each of the channels (74 and 76).
Abstract: A system for controlling a bar cutter in a steel bar line comprising a rolling length predicting circuit for calculating, on the basis of a scale loss coefficient, a predicted rolling length of a rolling bar material conveyed to the steel bar line, a flying shear cut instructing circuit responsive to the predicted length for determining a cutting length and for operating a flying shear to cut the rolling bar material in accordance therewith, a rolling length measuring circuit for determining an actual rolling length from the cut bar material, and a scale loss coefficient determining circuit for determining the scale loss coefficient based on the actual rolling length so as to correct the predicted rolling length and thereby reduce a cutting error.
Abstract: A wooden spiral staircase having a hollow central support column, treads which abut but do not attach to such column, tread supports ending in tenons which completely intersect the column and are secured by a wedged-through mortise joint, spacerblocks between every two adjacent treads and under the bottommost tread, and an optional laminate bent handrail and optional balusters which serve no support function, enabling the manufacturer to construct and ship the main body of the staircase as a single unit that can easily be installed through "screwing" it through the doorway(s) of the intended site. The method of constructing such a staircase in which the placement of the mortises on the central column is determined by the use of a computer generated template, thereby allowing for every staircase to be custom-designed as well as ensuring extreme precision in the final product.
Abstract: An I-beam blank is rolled from a bloom by rolling into opposite edges of the bloom respective central triangular section notches of predetermined apex angle, apex radius of curvature, width, and height in a succession of roll passes. According to this invention the radius and apex angle of the notches are progressively increased a plurality of times during the succession of roll passes. Then the notches are pressed by rolling generally out of the bloom edges in at least one final rolling pass, thereby flattening these edges. The rolling passes are carried out between respective pairs of rolls having facing grooves bases and the roll pairs of the grooving steps are formed with respective triangular-section ridges complementary to the notches being formed. In addition the bloom is rolled repeatedly in the first pair of grooves until the material of the bloom flanking the notch mainly fills these grooves, that i until the bloom bottoms in the grooves.
June 13, 1986
Date of Patent:
January 26, 1988
Carlo Panunzi, Henri Grober, Joseph Sbarra, Albert Zenner
Abstract: A portable pipe-bending machine that makes uniform and consistent bends of varying degree curvature in pipes is disclosed. The pipe-bending machine has a stabilizing platform to resist counter-bending forces and interchangeable elements to accommodate pipes of a different thicknesses. The pipe is forced between a solid mandrel and a movable semi-sleeve in a rotation yoke and the yoke is moved at a pre-set number of degrees, thereby putting the desired bend in the pipe.
Abstract: An apparatus regarding a wood workpiece or the like when being routered or cut on a drill press or like machine, comprising, in combination a substantially flat member, first means regarding routering or cutting of the workpiece operably attached in a predetermined manner to said flat member, and second means for attaching said flat member to said drill press or other like machine.
Abstract: An apparatus, operating automatically, for developing a very fine finish on a disk surface which includes a cylindrical toolbit whose cutting edge can be accurately and frequently or automatically rotated so that an unused length of edge can be presented to maintain sharpness and whose shape is amenable to cutting the disk surface on a first pass and burnishing on the staggered return pass and wherein lubricant is fed through a hole in the center of the toolbit to a point between the chip and toolbit surface for the purpose of developing the fine finish together with a turntable for automatically feeding disks to the toolbit to be machined and then withdrawing the disk and storing it.
Abstract: A machine for controlling the width of workpieces rolled between horizontal rolls includes a pair of vertical edger rolls which are mounted on respective pivotable arms. The pivots for the arms include an eccentric whereby the rolls can be moved closer together or further apart to accommodate workpieces of different width. A cam mechanism is provided to increase and decrease the separation between the rolls. This mechanism bears against the arms on the opposite sides of the pivots to the edger rolls.
Abstract: A router guide 26 includes a subbase plate 28 coupled to a guide element 68 by a pair of rods 30 and 32. A pair of guide surfaces 124 and 136 are located on guide element 68 adjacent subbase plate 28 when the guide element is in a first position for use in linear cutting and edge planing operations. A guide bar 182 with trammel point 196 is located adjustably on one surface of guide element 68 for use in a curvilinear cutting operation when the guide element is in a second position which is inverted from the first position. Another pair of guide surfaces 202 and 204 are located on the guide element 68 for use in trimming of internal angle surfaces when the guide element is in a third position which is revolved from the first position.
Abstract: A cushioning dunnage producing mechanism and method wherein the mechanism utilizes one or more webs of sheet-like stock material, with the stock material being adapted to be disposed by the mechanism in generally superimposed relation and then fed into a crumpler section of tubular-like construction, to radially compress the sheet-like material into a pad-like dunnage product. The lateral edges of the stock material are caused to be rolled inwardly into generally spiral-like form, prior to passage of the stock material into the crumpler section, by a forming frame of generally triangular-like shape both in plan and in side elevation, with the nose of the forming frame being disposed closely adjacent the entranceway to the crumpler section. Meshed spur gears coacting with the crumpler section, coin or stitch the confronting portions of the rolled edges of stock material together, to hold the produced dunnage product in a pad-like configuration.
Abstract: In production of a wood-type golf club head having a rigid shell, metal pieces are dispersed in the matrix of crude foamable synthetic resin filled in the interior of a crude rigid shell for long maintenance in position of the center of gravity of the product despite shocks at shooting balls.
Abstract: In a preferred embodiment, an improved knife holder for use in wood chippers of the type having a series of substantially radially positioned knives mounted on a rapidly rotatable disc which eliminates the use of a separate counter knife by combining the knife holder and counter knife presently used into one unit the wear area of which is hard-surfaced for longevity.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for delimbing a plurality of elongated tree stems includes at least a pair of vertically mounted, longitudinally offset flail members with flexible impact members mounted on rotatable drums. The drums rotate in the direction of stem flow through the flailing station and limbs and other debris can be collected within a defined area. A housing is structured to define a feed slot through the flailing station. In an alternate embodiment infeed rolls are provided to vertically orient the plurality of stems so that debarking as well as delimbing can be efficiently performed at the flailing station.
Abstract: A tree pruning machine which has a body for vertically elevating on a standing tree through a wheel driven by an engine, a rotary device for turning on the periphery of the body, a cutting unit provided in the rotary device and having a detector for detecting the cutting resistance effected from the cutting branch, and a rotating speed reduction unit of the rotary device, wherein the rotating speed reduction unit is controlled by the detector of the cutting resistance. If a branch having a large current resistance such as a thick or hard branch makes contact with the cutting unit, the detector detects the contact of the cutting unit with the branch having large cutting resistance, the contact is detected by the detector to decelerate the rotating speed. Thus, the pruning machine can cut branches of a standing tree having large cutting resistance such as thick or hard branches.