Patents by Inventor Andrew Philip Shapiro

Andrew Philip Shapiro has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10854899
    Abstract: Power generation systems and associated methods for generating electric power using a cascaded fuel cell are provided. The power generation system may include a first fuel cell, a second fuel cell, a splitting mechanism, a first fuel path, and a second fuel path. The First fuel cell is configured to generate first anode and first cathode tail gas streams. The splitting mechanism is configured to split the first anode tail gas stream into first and second portions. The first fuel path is configured to receive hydrocarbon fuel stream downstream of splitting mechanism, mix with the first portion to form a mixed stream, and circulate the mixed stream to the first fuel cell. The second fuel path is configured to feed the second portion to the second fuel cell. The first and second fuel cells are configured to generate electric power by using the mixed stream and the second portion respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: CUMMINS ENTERPRISE LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Irfan Saif Hussaini
  • Patent number: 10828605
    Abstract: A reverse osmosis unit for processing a feed solution is provided. The unit includes a pressure vessel includes an inlet end, an outlet end, and a vessel body extending between the inlet end and the outlet end. The reverse osmosis unit further includes a plurality of first membrane modules positioned within the pressure vessel. Each first membrane module of the plurality of first membrane modules has a first salt permeance value. At least one second membrane module is positioned within the pressure vessel and coupled in flow communication to the plurality of first membrane modules. The at least one second membrane module has a second salt permeance value that is different from the first salt permeance value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: BL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Hua Wang, Hareesh Kumar Reddy Kommepalli, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Publication number: 20200240273
    Abstract: A component includes an outer wall that includes an exterior surface, and at least one plenum defined interiorly to the outer wall and configured to receive a cooling fluid therein. The component also includes a coating system disposed on the exterior surface. The coating system has a thickness. The component further includes a plurality of adaptive cooling openings defined in the outer wall. Each of the adaptive cooling openings extends from a first end inflow communication with the at least one plenum, outward through the exterior surface and to a second end covered underneath at least a portion of the thickness of the coating system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2017
    Publication date: July 30, 2020
    Inventors: James Albert TALLMAN, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO, Gary Michael ITZEL, Curtis Alan JOHNSON, Victor John MORGAN, Jacob John KITTLESON, Bradley Thomas RICHARDS
  • Patent number: 10724432
    Abstract: An integrated fuel cell and engine combustor assembly includes an engine combustor having a combustion chamber fluidly coupled with a compressor and a turbine. The assembly also includes a fuel cell stack circumferentially extending around the combustion chamber of the combustor. The fuel cell stack includes fuel cells configured to generate electric current. The fuel cell stack is positioned to receive discharged air from the compressor and fuel from a fuel manifold. The fuel cells in the fuel cell stack generate electric current using the discharged air and at least some of the fuel. The fuel cell stack is positioned to radially direct partially oxidized fuel from the fuel cells into the combustion chamber of the combustor. The combustor combusts the partially oxidized fuel into one or more gaseous combustion products that are directed into and drive the downstream turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Narendra Digamber Joshi
  • Patent number: 10714783
    Abstract: A system includes a first plurality of fuel cell stacks configured to generate a first portion of an electric potential and a second plurality of fuel cell stacks configured to generate a second portion of the electric potential. The system includes a positive electrical bus bar conductively coupled with the first plurality of fuel cell stacks and configured to power an electrical load using the generated electric potential. The system includes a negative electrical bus bar conductively coupled with the second plurality of fuel cell stacks and configured to electrical load using the generated electric potential. The positive electrical bus bar is elongated and extends between the first plurality of fuel cell stacks and the negative electrical bus bar is elongated and extends between the second plurality of fuel cell stacks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: CUMMINS ENTERPRISE LLC
    Inventors: Darren Bawden Hickey, Irfan Saif Hussaini, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Keith Garrette Brown
  • Publication number: 20200020965
    Abstract: A fuel cell system and a control method thereof are disclosed. The system includes a fuel cell stack having an anode and a cathode, an anode recirculation loop including the anode, a fuel supply device for providing a fuel gas via a fuel feed path, an air supply device for providing air to the cathode, an anode blower and a switching element. The loop has a first path and a second path, and the anode is arranged in the second path. During normal operation of the system, the fuel feed path and the first path are combined to form the second path, and the second path is split into the first path and a fuel exhaust path. The anode blower is configured for driving circulation through the loop. The switching element is located in at least one of the first path and the combining point and is configured to force the fuel gas to flow through the second path to the fuel exhaust path in the event of failure of the anode blower.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2018
    Publication date: January 16, 2020
    Inventors: Honggang WANG, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Publication number: 20200014046
    Abstract: The present application provides combined cycle fuel cell systems that include a fuel cell, such as a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC), comprising an anode that generates a tail gas and a cathode that generates cathode exhaust. The system or plant may include adding fuel, such as processed or refined tail gas, to the inlet air stream of a reformer to heat the reformer. The system or plant may include removing water from the tail gas and recycling the removed water into an inlet fuel stream. The inlet air stream may be the cathode exhaust stream of the fuel cell, and the inlet fuel stream may be input hydrocarbon fuel that is directed to the reformer to produce hydrogen-rich reformate. The system or plant may direct some of the processed or refined tail gas to a bottoming cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2019
    Publication date: January 9, 2020
    Inventors: Irfan Saif HUSSAINI, Matthew Joseph ALINGER, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Patent number: 10483566
    Abstract: A method for operating a power generation system including a fuel-cell is presented. The method includes detecting a water deficient condition of the fuel-cell. The method further includes operating, in response to detecting the water deficient condition of the fuel-cell, at least one auxiliary load of the power generation system via use of an electrical current generated by the fuel-cell to maintain a steam-carbon ratio in the fuel-cell above a threshold steam-carbon ratio value. A control sub-system for operating the power generation system is also presented. Moreover, a power generation system including the fuel-cell, the least one auxiliary load, and the control sub-system is presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: CUMMINS ENTERPRISE LLC
    Inventors: Honggang Wang, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Publication number: 20190296378
    Abstract: A method for operating a power generation system including a fuel-cell is presented. The method includes detecting a water deficient condition of the fuel-cell. The method further includes operating, in response to detecting the water deficient condition of the fuel-cell, at least one auxiliary load of the power generation system via use of an electrical current generated by the fuel-cell to maintain a steam-carbon ratio in the fuel-cell above a threshold steam-carbon ratio value. A control sub-system for operating the power generation system is also presented. Moreover, a power generation system including the fuel-cell, the least one auxiliary load, and the control sub-system is presented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2018
    Publication date: September 26, 2019
    Inventors: Honggang Wang, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Patent number: 10361444
    Abstract: The present application provides combined cycle fuel cell systems that include a fuel cell, such as a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC), comprising an anode that generates a tail gas and a cathode that generates cathode exhaust. The system or plant may include adding fuel, such as processed or refined tail gas, to the inlet air stream of a reformer to heat the reformer. The system or plant may include removing water from the tail gas and recycling the removed water into an inlet fuel stream. The inlet air stream may be the cathode exhaust stream of the fuel cell, and the inlet fuel stream may be input hydrocarbon fuel that is directed to the reformer to produce hydrogen-rich reformate. The system or plant may direct some of the processed or refined tail gas to a bottoming cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Irfan Saif Hussaini, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Patent number: 10355294
    Abstract: A formed substrate assembly includes an air flow form plate, a fuel flow form plate, and an anode. The fuel flow form plate is positioned over the air flow form plate. The fuel flow form plate partially defines a plurality of first channels. The fuel flow form plate also defines a plurality of second channels. The plurality of second channels defines a plurality of apertures, where a portion of the apertures extend from the plurality of second channels to the plurality of first channels. The anode is positioned over the fuel flow form plate. The anode partially defines the plurality of first channels such that the fuel flow form plate and the anode define the plurality of first channels. The portion of the plurality of apertures is configured to channel a flow of fuel from the plurality of second channels to the plurality of first channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Darren Bawden Hickey
  • Patent number: 10305125
    Abstract: A system for controlling a flow rate ratio includes a fuel cell comprising an anode for generating a tail gas and having an inlet and an outlet; a fuel reformer for mixing a fuel with the tail gas from the outlet of the anode to generate a reformed stream which is split into first and second branch streams at a splitting position, the first branch stream returned to the inlet of the anode; a cooler for removing heat from the second branch stream; a bottoming cycle including an external or internal combustion engine driven in response to the cooled second branch stream; a measuring device for measuring differential pressures of two of the main stream, the first branch stream and the second branch stream; and a controlling device for controlling a flow rate ratio of the first branch stream to the main stream in response to the measured differential pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Honggang Wang, Shiguang Li, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Publication number: 20190136761
    Abstract: An integrated fuel cell and engine combustor assembly includes an engine combustor having a combustion chamber fluidly coupled with a compressor and a turbine. The assembly also includes a fuel cell stack circumferentially extending around the combustion chamber of the combustor. The fuel cell stack includes fuel cells configured to generate electric current. The fuel cell stack is positioned to receive discharged air from the compressor and fuel from a fuel manifold. The fuel cells in the fuel cell stack generate electric current using the discharged air and at least some of the fuel. The fuel cell stack is positioned to radially direct partially oxidized fuel from the fuel cells into the combustion chamber of the combustor. The combustor combusts the partially oxidized fuel into one or more gaseous combustion products that are directed into and drive the downstream turbine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2017
    Publication date: May 9, 2019
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Narendra Digamber Joshi
  • Patent number: 10256496
    Abstract: A power generation system including a first fuel cell configured to generate a first anode tail gas stream is presented. The system includes at least one fuel reformer configured to receive the first anode tail gas stream, mix the first anode tail gas stream with a reformer fuel stream to form a reformed stream; a splitting mechanism to split the reformed stream into a first portion and a second portion; and a fuel path configured to circulate the first portion to an anode inlet of the first fuel cell, such that the first fuel cell is configured to generate a first electric power, at least in part, by using the first portion as a fuel. The system includes a second fuel cell configured to receive the second portion, and to generate a second electric power, at least in part, by using the second portion as a fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Irfan Saif Hussaini, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Matthew Joseph Alinger
  • Publication number: 20180331385
    Abstract: A system includes one or more positive fuel cell stacks configured to generate a positive portion of an electric potential and one or more negative fuel cell stacks configured to generate a negative portion of the electric potential. The system includes a positive electrical bus bar conductively coupled with the positive fuel cell stacks and configured to conduct the positive portion of the electric potential from the positive fuel cell stacks to one or more loads. The system includes a negative electrical bus bar conductively coupled with the negative fuel cell stacks and configured to conduct the negative portion of the electric potential from the negative fuel cell stacks to the one or more loads. The positive electrical bus bar is elongated and extends between the positive fuel cell stacks and the negative electrical bus bar is elongated and extends between the negative fuel cell stacks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Publication date: November 15, 2018
    Inventors: Darren Bawden Hickey, Irfan Saif Hussaini, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Keith Garrette Brown
  • Publication number: 20180311620
    Abstract: A multistage membrane distillation device includes a plurality of membrane distillation cells each having at least one membrane. Each membrane defines a feed space at one surface thereof and a vapor space at an opposite surface thereof, and is configured to allow a part of a feed flowing in the feed space to evaporate and pass through the membrane as a vapor phase into the vapor space where the vapor phase is condensed to a distillate including a volatile and condensable substance, and the non-evaporated feed to exit the feed space as a concentrated fluid. The device further includes a fluid connection for allowing the distillate from an ith cell to flow as a feed into the feed space of an (i+1)th cell to produce a further distillate with a higher concentration of the volatile and condensable substance. The concentrated fluid from each cell is prevented from entering the feed space of other cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2016
    Publication date: November 1, 2018
    Inventors: Xianguo YU, Hui LEI, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO, Hai YANG, Rihua XIONG, Markus HANKE, Jens RUETTEN, Bernardo Alves CINELLI, Ana COSTA
  • Publication number: 20180287173
    Abstract: A formed substrate assembly includes an air flow form plate, a fuel flow form plate, and an anode. The fuel flow form plate is positioned over the air flow form plate. The fuel flow form plate partially defines a plurality of first channels. The fuel flow form plate also defines a plurality of second channels. The plurality of second channels defines a plurality of apertures, where a portion of the apertures extend from the plurality of second channels to the plurality of first channels. The anode is positioned over the fuel flow form plate. The anode partially defines the plurality of first channels such that the fuel flow form plate and the anode define the plurality of first channels. The portion of the plurality of apertures is configured to channel a flow of fuel from the plurality of second channels to the plurality of first channels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2017
    Publication date: October 4, 2018
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Darren Bawden Hickey
  • Publication number: 20180145351
    Abstract: A fuel cell system is disclosed, which includes an anode recirculation loop including a fuel cell stack for generating power, a fuel supply device for providing a fuel to the anode recirculation loop, an air supply device for providing air to a cathode of the fuel cell stack, a voltage monitoring device for monitoring a voltage of the fuel cell stack, and an anode protection controller. The anode protection controller decreases a current drawn from the fuel cell stack by a predetermined amount whenever the voltage of the fuel cell stack drops below a predetermined voltage threshold and decreases a fuel flowrate provided to the anode recirculation loop based on the decreased current, so as to maintain a steam to carbon ratio in the anode recirculation loop above a predetermined steam to carbon ratio limit. A shutdown method for the fuel cell system are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2017
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventors: Honggang WANG, Xiangdong KONG, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO, Patrick CARROLL, John Guido PICCIRILLO
  • Publication number: 20180131020
    Abstract: Power generation systems and associated methods for generating electric power using a cascaded fuel cell are provided. The power generation system may include a first fuel cell, a second fuel cell, a splitting mechanism, a first fuel path, and a second fuel path. The First fuel cell is configured to generate first anode and first cathode tail gas streams. The splitting mechanism is configured to split the first anode tail gas stream into first and second portions. The first fuel path is configured to receive hydrocarbon fuel stream downstream of splitting mechanism, mix with the first portion to form a mixed stream, and circulate the mixed stream to the first fuel cell. The second fuel path is configured to feed the second portion to the second fuel cell. The first and second fuel cells are configured to generate electric power by using the mixed stream and the second portion respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Irfan Saif Hussaini
  • Patent number: 9819038
    Abstract: A power generation system includes a fuel cell including an anode that generates a tail gas. The system also includes a hydrocarbon fuel reforming system that mixes a hydrocarbon fuel with the fuel cell tail gas and to convert the hydrocarbon fuel and fuel tail gas into a reformed fuel stream including CO2. The reforming system further splits the reformed fuel stream into a first portion and a second portion. The system further includes a CO2 removal system coupled in flow communication with the reforming system. The system also includes a first reformed fuel path coupled to the reforming system. The first path channels the first portion of the reformed fuel stream to an anode inlet. The system further includes a second reformed fuel path coupled to the reforming system. The second path channels the second portion of the reformed fuel stream to the CO2 removal system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Robert James Perry, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Bruce Philip Biederman, Irfan Saif Hussaini, Irina Spiry