Patents by Inventor Andrew Philip Shapiro

Andrew Philip Shapiro has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180131020
    Abstract: Power generation systems and associated methods for generating electric power using a cascaded fuel cell are provided. The power generation system may include a first fuel cell, a second fuel cell, a splitting mechanism, a first fuel path, and a second fuel path. The First fuel cell is configured to generate first anode and first cathode tail gas streams. The splitting mechanism is configured to split the first anode tail gas stream into first and second portions. The first fuel path is configured to receive hydrocarbon fuel stream downstream of splitting mechanism, mix with the first portion to form a mixed stream, and circulate the mixed stream to the first fuel cell. The second fuel path is configured to feed the second portion to the second fuel cell. The first and second fuel cells are configured to generate electric power by using the mixed stream and the second portion respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Irfan Saif Hussaini
  • Patent number: 9819038
    Abstract: A power generation system includes a fuel cell including an anode that generates a tail gas. The system also includes a hydrocarbon fuel reforming system that mixes a hydrocarbon fuel with the fuel cell tail gas and to convert the hydrocarbon fuel and fuel tail gas into a reformed fuel stream including CO2. The reforming system further splits the reformed fuel stream into a first portion and a second portion. The system further includes a CO2 removal system coupled in flow communication with the reforming system. The system also includes a first reformed fuel path coupled to the reforming system. The first path channels the first portion of the reformed fuel stream to an anode inlet. The system further includes a second reformed fuel path coupled to the reforming system. The second path channels the second portion of the reformed fuel stream to the CO2 removal system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Robert James Perry, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Bruce Philip Biederman, Irfan Saif Hussaini, Irina Spiry
  • Publication number: 20170173533
    Abstract: A reverse osmosis unit for processing a feed solution is provided. The unit includes a pressure vessel includes an inlet end, an outlet end, and a vessel body extending between the inlet end and the outlet end. The reverse osmosis unit further includes a plurality of first membrane modules positioned within the pressure vessel. Each first membrane module of the plurality of first membrane modules has a first salt permeance value. At least one second membrane module is positioned within the pressure vessel and coupled in flow communication to the plurality of first membrane modules. The at least one second membrane module has a second salt permeance value that is different from the first salt permeance value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2015
    Publication date: June 22, 2017
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Hua WANG, Hareesh Kumar Reddy KOMMEPALLI, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Publication number: 20170179503
    Abstract: A fuel cell system is disclosed, which includes an anode recirculation loop having a fuel cell stack for generating power, a flowmeter, a current sensor and a processor. The flowmeter is configured for measuring a fuel flow rate provided into the anode recirculation loop. The current sensor is configured for measuring a current drawn from the fuel cell stack. The processor is configured for determining a steam to carbon ratio in the anode recirculation loop based on the measured fuel flow rate and the measured current. The fuel cell system further includes a temperature sensor for measuring a temperature in the anode recirculation loop. The process is configured for determining the steam to carbon ration further based on the measured temperature. A method for operating the fuel cell system and a fuel cell power plant are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Publication date: June 22, 2017
    Inventors: Honggang WANG, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO, Patrick Hammel HART, Xiangdong KONG, Ralph TEICHMANN
  • Patent number: 9580996
    Abstract: A method for processing a flowback composition stream from a well head includes controlling a first flow rate of the flow back composition stream to a second flow rate by regulating the flowback composition stream from a first pressure to a second pressure. The method also includes separating the flowback composition stream into a first gas stream and a condensed stream. The method includes discharging the condensed stream to a degasser and degassing a carbon dioxide rich gas from the condensed stream. The method also includes mixing the carbon dioxide rich gas stream with the first gas stream to produce a second gas stream. The method includes controlling a third flow rate of the second gas stream by regulating a third pressure of the second gas stream to a fourth pressure that is different than the third pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Stephen Duane Sanborn, Imdad Imam, Andrew Philip Shapiro, John Brian McDermott, Harish Radhakrishna Acharya, Teresa Grocela Rocha, Jalal Hunain Zia, Johanna Wellington
  • Publication number: 20160305031
    Abstract: A apparatus includes a first stack having: a porous metallic current collector; a first electrode layer on the porous metallic current collector; a second electrode layer; a first electrolyte layer between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer; a third electrode layer on the porous metallic current collector, the third electrode layer sandwiching the porous metallic current collector therebetween with the first electrode layer; a fourth electrode layer; and a second electrolyte layer between the third and the fourth electrode layers. A method includes: providing (he apparatus; applying a first electric field between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer; applying a second electric field between the third and the fourth electrode layers; and introducing nitrogen oxide to the apparatus to be decomposed into nitrogen and oxygen in the apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Publication date: October 20, 2016
    Inventors: Shizhong Wang, Qunjian Huang, Hai Yang, Qijia Fu, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Hua Zhang
  • Patent number: 9470080
    Abstract: A system and a method for recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation wherein the method includes providing a reverse osmosis (RO) unit comprising at least one membrane; feeding a first feed stream having a first salinity content to a first side of the membrane; and feeding a second feed stream having a second salinity content to a second side of the membrane. The method further includes discharging a retentate stream from the first side of the membrane, and discharging a product stream having a controlled salinity content from the second side of the membrane. The method furthermore includes injecting at least a portion of the product stream into the oil-bearing formation, and recovering at least a portion of the oil from the oil-bearing formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Hareesh Kumar Reddy Kommepalli, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Todd Alan Anderson, Hua Wang
  • Publication number: 20160260991
    Abstract: A power generation system utilizing a fuel cell is described. The system includes a fuel cell having an anode configured to generate a tail gas. The anode includes an inlet and an outlet. The system further includes a fuel path configured to divert a first portion of the anode tail gas to the inlet of the anode; and a second portion of the anode tail gas to a reciprocating engine. The associated reciprocating engine is at least partially powered by the second portion of the anode tail-gas. Another embodiment of the invention is directed to a power generation system that includes the anode and an external fuel reforming system, along with a gas splitting mechanism to divide the reformed fuel into two streams. One stream is directed back to the fuel cell anode, while another stream is used to completely or partially power an external or internal combustion engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2016
    Publication date: September 8, 2016
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Matthew Alexander Lehar, Bruce Philip Biederman
  • Publication number: 20160123229
    Abstract: A cooling system for providing chilled air is disclosed, including a cooling coil; an evaporator and absorber contained within a vacuum chamber; and a desiccant that absorbs water vapor from the cooling process. The system also includes an external heat source for treating the desiccant; along with a regenerator to make the desiccant re-useable. At least one heat exchanger is also included, along with a source of make-up water in communication with the cooling coil. Related processes are also disclosed, along with a gas turbine engine that includes or is arranged in association with the cooling system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2015
    Publication date: May 5, 2016
    Inventors: Ching-Jen Tang, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Publication number: 20160104906
    Abstract: A system for controlling a flow rate ratio includes a fuel cell comprising an anode for generating a tail gas and having an inlet and an outlet; a fuel reformer for mixing a fuel with the tail gas from the outlet of the anode to generate a reformed stream which is split into first and second branch streams at a splitting position, the first branch stream returned to the inlet of the anode; a cooler for removing heat from the second branch stream; a bottoming cycle including an external or internal combustion engine driven in response to the cooled second branch stream; a measuring device for measuring differential pressures of two of the main stream, the first branch stream and the second branch stream; and a controlling device for controlling a flow rate ratio of the first branch stream to the main stream in response to the measured differential pressures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2015
    Publication date: April 14, 2016
    Inventors: Honggang WANG, Shiguang LI, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Publication number: 20160006065
    Abstract: A power generation system including a first fuel cell configured to generate a first anode tail gas stream is presented. The system includes at least one fuel reformer configured to receive the first anode tail gas stream, mix the first anode tail gas stream with a reformer fuel stream to form a reformed stream; a splitting mechanism to split the reformed stream into a first portion and a second portion; and a fuel path configured to circulate the first portion to an anode inlet of the first fuel cell, such that the first fuel cell is configured to generate a first electric power, at least in part, by using the first portion as a fuel. The system includes a second fuel cell configured to receive the second portion, and to generate a second electric power, at least in part, by using the second portion as a fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Publication date: January 7, 2016
    Inventors: Irfan Saif Hussaini, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Matthew Joseph Alinger
  • Publication number: 20150345035
    Abstract: A method for decomposing nitrogen oxide includes: contacting a gas stream comprising nitrogen oxide with a device, the device comprising: a first electrode, an opposite second electrode, an electrolyte between the first and the second electrodes, and a power supply; and applying in a pulse mode an electrical current from the power supply to the first and the second electrodes to decompose nitrogen oxide. An associated apparatus is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2015
    Publication date: December 3, 2015
    Inventors: Shizhong WANG, Qunjian HUANG, Hai YANG, Hua ZHANG, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Publication number: 20150345258
    Abstract: A method for processing a flowback composition stream from a well head is provided. The flowback composition stream has a first flow rate and a first pressure. Method also includes controlling the first flow rate to a second flow rate by regulating the flowback composition stream to a second pressure. The method also includes separating the flowback composition stream into a first gas stream and a condensed stream The method includes discharging the condensed stream to a degasser and degassing a carbon dioxide rich gas from the condensed stream. The method also includes mixing the carbon dioxide rich gas stream with the first gas stream to produce a second gas stream. The method includes controlling the third flow rate of the second gas stream by regulating the third pressure of the second gas stream to a fourth pressure that is different than the third pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 3, 2015
    Inventors: Stephen Duane Sanborn, Imdad Imam, Andrew Philip Shapiro, John Brian McDermott, Harish Radhakrishna Acharya, Teresa Grocela Rocha, Jalal Hunain Zia, Johanna Wellington
  • Publication number: 20150260028
    Abstract: A method for recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation is presented. The method includes providing a reverse osmosis (RO) unit comprising at least one membrane; feeding a first feed stream having a first salinity content to a first side of the membrane; and feeding a second feed stream having a second salinity content to a second side of the membrane. The method further includes discharging a retentate stream from the first side of the membrane, and discharging a product stream having a controlled salinity content from the second side of the membrane. The method furthermore includes injecting at least a portion of the product stream into the oil-bearing formation, and recovering at least a portion of the oil from the oil-bearing formation. A system for recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation is also presented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 17, 2015
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Hareesh Kumar Reddy Kommepalli, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Todd Alan Anderson, Hua Wang
  • Publication number: 20150188173
    Abstract: The present application provides combined cycle fuel cell systems that include a fuel cell, such as a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC), comprising an anode that generates a tail gas and a cathode that generates cathode exhaust. The system or plant may include adding fuel, such as processed or refined tail gas, to the inlet air stream of a reformer to heat the reformer. The system or plant may include removing water from the tail gas and recycling the removed water into an inlet fuel stream. The inlet air stream may be the cathode exhaust stream of the fuel cell, and the inlet fuel stream may be input hydrocarbon fuel that is directed to the reformer to produce hydrogen-rich reformate. The system or plant may direct some of the processed or refined tail gas to a bottoming cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Publication date: July 2, 2015
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Irfan Saif HUSSAINI, Matthew Joseph ALINGER, Andrew Philip SHAPIRO
  • Publication number: 20140339163
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for improving the performance of a membrane for use in a membrane distillation process, and a membrane produced by the method. The method includes subjecting the membrane to a pressure difference across the membrane in order to open closed pores in the membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Xianguo Yu, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Rihua Xiong, Hai Yang, Hui Liu
  • Patent number: 8864911
    Abstract: A method for removing ionic species from a desalination unit, comprises: (a) circulating a wash stream in a closed loop comprising a desalination unit and a precipitation unit, the wash stream flowing at a linear velocity of at least 5 cm/second through the desalination unit, the wash stream becoming more saline after passage through the desalination unit; and (b) removing a portion of calcium sulfate from the wash stream by precipitation in the precipitation unit to obtain a supersaturation degree of calcium sulfate in the wash stream entering the desalination unit in a range of from about 1.0 to about 3.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Rihua Xiong, Wei Cai, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Chengqian Zhang, James Manio Silva, Zijun Xia, Weiming Zhang
  • Patent number: 8816635
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes an anode connectable to a current tap and a charging medium in electrical contact with the anode. A switching device is configured to stop a charging operation of the electrochemical cell upon activation by the charging medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Chandra Sekher Yerramalli, Badri Narayan Ramamurthi, Reza Sarrafi-Nour, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Anil Raj Duggal
  • Patent number: 8778545
    Abstract: A system and method are provided for boosting overall performance of a fuel cell while simultaneously separating a nearly pure stream of CO2 for sequestration or for use in generating electrical power to further increase overall efficiency of the process. The system and method employ a heat exchanger system configured to generate a stream of fuel that is returned to the inlet of the fuel cell anode with a higher molar concentration of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) fuel than was initially present in the fuel cell anode outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Matthew Alexander Lehar, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Bruce Philip Biederman, Vitali Victor Lissianski, Andrew Maxwell Peter, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Laura Michele Hudy, Roger Allen Shisler
  • Patent number: 8652689
    Abstract: An energy storage device includes a housing having an interior surface defining a volume and a plurality of solid electrolyte elements disposed in the volume. Each solid electrolyte element has a first surface that defines at least a portion of a first, cathodic chamber, and a second surface that defines a second, anodic chamber. A plurality of individual anodic chambers are thus provided, at least one of which is evacuated below atmospheric pressure. A majority of anodic chambers can be spaced from one another in a manner that provides a substantially uniform reaction rate throughout the cathodic chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Chandra Sekher Yerramalli, Anil Raj Duggal, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Mohamed Rahmane, Reza Sarrafi-Nour, Gregory John Parker, Alireza Namazifard, Badri Narayan Ramamurthi