Patents by Inventor Andrew Philip Shapiro

Andrew Philip Shapiro has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 7985505
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided that relates to an electrochemical cell assembly. The apparatus is capable of controlling water loss from a fuel cell, at least in part by separating gas and liquid fluid flows. A variety of flow designs are provided that separate liquid electrolyte flow from reagent gas flow. Some flow designs may be suitable for one or more of fuel cells, rechargeable fuel cells, and batteries such as metal hydride batteries. Furthermore, some embodiments may include a single electrochemical cell, or plurality of cells arranged in parallel or in series. Some embodiments may also relate to methods of mitigating water loss from an electrochemical cell assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Hai Yang, Jun Cai, Rihua Xiong, Chang Wei, Qunjian Huang, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Jinghua Liu, Shengxian Wang, Xianguo Yu
  • Publication number: 20110147195
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for improving the efficiency of a combined-cycle power generation plant and desalination unit. The process includes supplying exhaust gases from a gas turbine set used to generate electrical power to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and then directing the steam from the HRSG to a steam turbine set. Salinous water is supplied into an effect of the desalination unit. Steam exhausted from the steam turbine set is utilized in the effect of the desalination unit to produce a distillate vapor and brine from the effect by heat exchange. Additionally, steam is introduced steam from at least one additional heat source from the combined-cycle power generation plant to the effect to increase the mass flow rate of steam into the effect. In one embodiment, the additional heat source is an intercooler heat exchanger. Heated water from the intercooler heat exchanger is provided to a reduced atmosphere flash tank, and the steam flashed in the flash tank is provided to the effect.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2009
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Nishith Vora, Ching-Jen Tang, AliciA Jillian Jackson Hardy, Douglas Westerkamp
  • Publication number: 20110126563
    Abstract: A device, such as an absorption chiller sub-system, is provided. The absorption chiller sub-system can include an evaporator and an absorber. The evaporator can be configured to receive a liquid first working fluid and to produce first working fluid vapor. The absorber can be configured to receive and combine first working fluid vapor and a second working fluid, for example, so as to release thermal energy. A divider having opposing first and second sides in respective fluid communication with the evaporator and the absorber can also be included. The divider can be configured to allow first working fluid vapor to pass therethrough between the first and second sides and to inhibit movement of liquid first working fluid therethrough between the first and second sides. Associated systems and methods are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Ching-Jen Tang, William Dwight Gerstler, AliciA Jillian Jackson Hardy, Helge Klockow, Sherif Hatem Abdulla Mohamed, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Yogen Vishwas Utturkar, Todd Garrett Wetzel, Paul Brian Wickersham
  • Publication number: 20100242995
    Abstract: A method for removing ionic species from a desalination unit, comprises: (a) circulating a wash stream in a closed loop comprising a desalination unit and a precipitation unit, the wash stream flowing at a linear velocity of at least 5 cm/second through the desalination unit, the wash stream becoming more saline after passage through the desalination unit; and (b) removing a portion of calcium sulfate from the wash stream by precipitation in the precipitation unit to obtain a supersaturation degree of calcium sulfate in the wash stream entering the desalination unit in a range of from about 1.0 to about 3.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Rihua Xiong, Wei Cai, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Chengqian Zhang, James Manio Silva, Zijun Xia, Weiming Zhang
  • Publication number: 20100239940
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a fuel cell stack is provided. The method provides forming an inspectable preassembly of multiple fuel cell assemblies that may be termed a pseudostack. Each fuel cell in the pseudostack has permanent electrical interconnections and sealing connections on only one of the two electrodes, namely an anode layer or a cathode layer. For example, an anode interconnect may be firmly attached to the anode layer by means of a bonding agent and a sealing agent used to seal passages on the anode layer of the fuel cell. Alternatively, seals and permanent electrical connections may be made on the cathode layer of the fuel cell, and not on the anode layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Richard Scott Bourgeois, Richard Louis Hart, Sauri Gudlavalleti, Shu Ching Quek, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Rong Fan, Dacong Weng, Xiwang Qi
  • Publication number: 20100178532
    Abstract: A seal structure is provided for an energy storage device. The seal structure includes a first sealing glass composition and a second sealing glass composition joining an ion-conducting first ceramic to an electrically insulating second ceramic. The first sealing glass composition includes less than or equal to about 20 weight percent silica based on the weight of the first sealing glass composition. The second sealing glass composition includes greater than or equal to about 40 weight percent silica based on the weight of the second sealing glass composition. A method for making the seal structure is provided. An article comprising the seal structure is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Dong-Sil Park, Jian Wu, Craig Stringer
  • Patent number: 7748259
    Abstract: Systems and methods for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) surface analysis. Exemplary embodiments include systems and methods for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) surface analysis, including a SOFC having a ceramic surface, a scanner adjacent the ceramic surface for collecting data related to the ceramic surface, a structure for retaining the SOFC with respect to the scanner, a device for collecting a processing the ceramic surface data and a process residing on the device, the process for analyzing and presenting the ceramic surface data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Waseem Ibrahim Faidi, Andrzej May, Thomas James Batzinger, Harry Israel Ringermacher, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Stephane Renou, Daguang Zheng, Haiyan Sun
  • Publication number: 20100159304
    Abstract: A planar fuel cell stack is provided. The planar fuel cell stack comprises an anode interconnect structure comprising a corrugated first internal manifold connected to a first anode flowfield; a cathode interconnect structure comprising a corrugated second internal manifold connected to a first cathode flowfield; and a thermally active, surface insulated metallic seal disposed between the corrugated parts of the anode and cathode interconnects, such that the thermally active metallic seal responds upon the application of heat to provide sealing between the anode interconnect structure and the cathode interconnect structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Shu Ching Quek, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Chandra Sekher Yerramalli, Michael Cheadle
  • Patent number: 7426838
    Abstract: An icemaker assembly is disposed within a refrigerator having a freezer compartment, a fresh food compartment and respective freezer and fresh food door assemblies. The icemaker assembly comprises a conveyor assembly positioned within the freezer compartment having a flexible conveyor belt with a multiplicity of individual ice cube molds for creation of individual ice cubes. An ice cube storage bin is positioned below the conveyor assembly for storing the ice cubes and a fullness sensor is positioned for determining the fill level of ice cubes within the ice cube storage bin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2008
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Jerome Johnson Tiemann, Walter Whipple, Timothy Scott Shaffer, William Merritt Nall, Jr., Eayre Bruce Voorhees, Steven Paraszczak
  • Publication number: 20080145737
    Abstract: A device or system for operating one or more electrochemical cells, such as a rechargeable fuel cell, is provided. A plurality of subsystems include a humidity level control subsystem, a reagent gas delivery subsystem, and a gas scrubbing subsystem. A method for operating the device or system is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Jun Cai, Chang Wei, Qunjian Huang, Jinghua Liu, Hai Yang, Shengxian Wang, Rihua Xiong, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Richard Louis Hart
  • Publication number: 20080145749
    Abstract: An article is provided. The article may include an electrochemical cell. The cell may include a molten electrolyte, and at least one molten electrode. The cell may include a structure for separating an anode from a cathode, while enabling ionic communication between the anode and cathode. An energy storage device comprising the article is also provided. Methods related to the article and the energy storage device may be provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2007
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Charles Dominic Iacovangelo, David Charles Bogdan, Richard Louis Hart, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Steven Alfred Tysoe, Michael Alan Vallance, Guillermo Daniel Zappi
  • Publication number: 20080145721
    Abstract: A fuel cell apparatus is provided that includes an electrochemical energy conversion device comprising an anode and a cathode. The cathode receives an air gas stream flowing thereto. The apparatus further includes a humidity exchange component and a gas scrubber component. The humidity exchange component controls a humidity level in the gas stream flowing toward the cathode. The gas scrubber component includes an active material that reduces a carbon dioxide content level from the air gas stream. A method of using the apparatus is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2007
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Richard Louis Hart
  • Publication number: 20080145723
    Abstract: An apparatus for controlling humidity in a fuel cell is provided. The apparatus can include a housing having an interior surface defining a volume and containing at least one fuel cell disposed within the volume. The apparatus may also include a plurality of electrodes disposed within the volume. The apparatus can include an aperture defined by the housing through which at least one air gas stream can be in fluid communication with at least one of the plurality of electrodes. The apparatus can include a humidity-controlling component, wherein the humidity-controlling component is in fluid communication with the air gas stream prior to the air gas stream contacting the at least one of the plurality of electrodes, and humidity-controlling component being capable of controlling a relative humidity of the air gas stream. A method for controlling humidity in a fuel cell is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Shengxian Wang, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Jun Cai, Hai Yang, Rihua Xiong, Chang Wei, Bing Zhang, Qunjian Huang
  • Publication number: 20080145719
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided that relates to an electrochemical cell assembly. The apparatus is capable of controlling water loss from a fuel cell, at least in part by separating gas and liquid fluid flows. A variety of flow designs are provided that separate liquid electrolyte flow from reagent gas flow. Some flow designs may be suitable for one or more of fuel cells, rechargeable fuel cells, and batteries such as metal hydride batteries. Furthermore, some embodiments may include a single electrochemical cell, or plurality of cells arranged in parallel or in series. Some embodiments may also relate to methods of mitigating water loss from an electrochemical cell assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Hai Yang, Jun Cai, Rihua Xiong, Chang Wei, Qunjian Huang, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Jinghua Liu, Shengxian Wang, Xianguo Yu
  • Publication number: 20080145727
    Abstract: Systems and methods for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) surface analysis. Exemplary embodiments include systems and methods for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) surface analysis, including a SOFC having a ceramic surface, a scanner adjacent the ceramic surface for collecting data related to the ceramic surface, a structure for retaining the SOFC with respect to the scanner, a device for collecting a processing the ceramic surface data and a process residing on the device, the process for analyzing and presenting the ceramic surface data.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Inventors: Waseem Ibrahim Faidi, Andrzej May, Thomas James Batzinger, Harry Israel Ringermacher, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Stephane Renou, Daguang Zheng, Haihan Sun
  • Patent number: 6839613
    Abstract: A system and method for tuning a turbine comprises a turbine controller coupled to the turbine, a first computer system coupled to the turbine controller and located locally to the turbine, and a second computer system for exchanging data with the first computer system. The second computer system is located remotely from the turbine and exchanges data with the first computer system via a network connection such as the internet, an intranet or a virtual private network (VPN). Data relating to a characteristic such as turbine combustion dynamics and/or emissions is transmitted by the first computer system to the second computer system. The second computer system transmits control data over the network connection to the first computer to tune the turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2005
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John Patrick McCarthy, Andrew Philip Shapiro, George Edward Williams, Eric Gardner Butterfield, Scott Campbell Mattison, Victor Franz Russo, Milton Lewiston Grant, III
  • Patent number: 6710878
    Abstract: An in-line particulate detector comprises a housing having an inner flow portion. The housing Is disposed between adjacent portions of pipeline to permit a fuel flow from a fuel source through the inner flow portion to a fuel consumer. A light source is positioned within the housing for emitting a light beam within the inner flow portion. A first photodetector is positioned within the housing to detect the full strength of the light beam. A second photodetector is positioned within the housing to detect low, baseline levels of the light beam. Circuitry is coupled to first and second photodetectors to monitor the ratio of light intensities. When a fuel containing particulates is introduced, the light beam is scattered and the intensity measured by the second photodetector will increase and the intensity measured by the first photodetector will decrease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Anthony John Dean, Andrew Philip Shapiro
  • Patent number: 6628111
    Abstract: A corrosion sensor for use within a fluid flow path includes a sensing element and circuitry coupled to the sensing element for detecting corrosion of the sensing element. Another embodiment of a corrosion sensor for use within a fluid flow path comprises a hermetic housing, a sensing element attached to an external portion of the housing for exposure to the fluid flow path, and circuitry disposed within said hermetic housing, which circuitry is coupled to the sensing element for detecting corrosion of the sensing element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Roger Warren Haskell
  • Patent number: 6550496
    Abstract: A rotary doser valve includes a stator with a plurality of ports therein which cooperates with a rotor having a plurality of channels therein. The rotor is rotatable against the stator in first and second positions which alternately channel water to and from a doser for refilling an icemaker in a preferred use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Jerome Johnson Tiemann, Andrew Philip Shapiro, Walter Whipple, III, Richard DeVos
  • Patent number: 6526741
    Abstract: A system for continuously removing alkali metal contaminants from liquid fuel supplied to a combustor of a gas turbine comprising a source of fuel; means for supplying the fuel to the gas turbine; a prefilter downstream of the source and upstream of the gas turbine for removing solid particulates from the liquid fuel; and a coalescer located downstream of the prefilter and upstream of the gas turbine for separating water containing alkali metals from the liquid fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Alan Whitehead, Vinod Kumar Pareek, Andrew Philip Shapiro