Patents by Inventor Armand P. Neukermans

Armand P. Neukermans has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8876689
    Abstract: A fenestration piercing the otic capsule bone of the cochlea receives a therapeutic appliance, such as a microactuator, plug, micropump for drug or therapeutic agent delivery, electrode, and the like. Several different ways of achieving a ‘water tight’ seal between the otic capsule bone and the therapeutic appliance are provided. The therapeutic appliance may be implanted with or without a sheath or sleeve lining the wall of the fenestration formed using specialized surgical burrs. The burrs permit safely fenestrating the otic capsule bone adjacent to the scala tympani of the cochlea without damaging the basilar membrane or organ of corti. This approach may also be adopted for safely fenestrating other areas of the inner ear such as the scala vestibuli, bony labyrinth of semicircular canals, or walls of the vestibule, or the oval or round windows thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: OtoKinetics Inc.
    Inventors: S. George Lesinski, Armand P. Neukermans
  • Publication number: 20120190914
    Abstract: A fenestration piercing the otic capsule bone of the cochlea receives a therapeutic appliance, such as a microactuator, plug, micropump for drug or therapeutic agent delivery, electrode, and the like. Several different ways of achieving a ‘water tight’ seal between the otic capsule bone and the therapeutic appliance are provided. The therapeutic appliance may be implanted with or without a sheath or sleeve lining the wall of the fenestration formed using specialized surgical burrs. The burrs permit safely fenestrating the otic capsule bone adjacent to the scala tympani of the cochlea without damaging the basilar membrane or organ of corti. This approach may also be adopted for safely fenestrating other areas of the inner ear such as the scala vestibuli, bony labyrinth of semicircular canals, or walls of the vestibule, or the oval or round windows thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Applicant: OtoKinetics Inc.
    Inventors: S. George Lesinski, Armand P. Neukermans
  • Patent number: 8192488
    Abstract: A set of fenestration burrs, for fenestrating otic capsule bone (34), includes an initial burr (150) and a sequence of fenestration polishing burrs (180). A polishing burr (152, 1521), of each of the burrs (150, 180), carries at least one spiraling flute (166, 166?). Fenestrations (36) piercing the bone (34) formed using the burrs (150, 180) exhibit uniform diameters while excluding bone dust from the inner ear. An implantable casing (72) includes a hollow collar (76) from which projects a hollow sleeve (74) receivable into the fenestration (36). The casing (72) is secured there by at least one prong (92, 102) jutting from the sleeve (74). A therapeutic appliance (134) is insertable into the casing (72). A flange (116) extending from one end of the sleeve (74) carries at least one L-shaped slot (122) open at one end and extending circumferentially around the flange (116).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Otokinetics Inc.
    Inventors: S. George Lesinski, Armand P. Neukermans, Richard L. Grant, Kevyn Irving
  • Patent number: 8147544
    Abstract: A fenestration (36) piercing the otic capsule bone of the cochlea (34) receives a therapeutic appliance, such as a microactuator (78), plug (92), micropump for drug or therapeutic agent delivery, electrode (102), etc. Disclosed are several different ways of achieving a “water tight” seal between the otic capsule bone and the therapeutic appliance. Also disclosed are specific ways of implanting the therapeutic appliance both with and without a sheath (72) lining the wall of the fenestration (36) formed using specialized surgical burrs (122, 124, 162, 164).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Otokinetics Inc.
    Inventors: S. George Lesinski, Armand P. Neukermans
  • Publication number: 20080215148
    Abstract: A set of fenestration burrs, for fenestrating otic capsule bone (34), includes an initial burr (150) and a sequence of fenestration polishing burrs (180). A polishing burr (152, 1521), of each of the burrs (150, 180), carries at least one spiraling flute (166, 166?). Fenestrations (36) piercing the bone (34) formed using the burrs (150, 180) exhibit uniform diameters while excluding bone dust from the inner ear. An implantable casing (72) includes a hollow collar (76) from which projects a hollow sleeve (74) receivable into the fenestration (36). The casing (72) is secured there by at least one prong (92, 102) jutting from the sleeve (74). A therapeutic appliance (134) is insertable into the casing (72). A flange (116) extending from one end of the sleeve (74) carries at least one L-shaped slot (122) open at one end and extending circumferentially around the flange (116).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2006
    Publication date: September 4, 2008
    Inventors: S. George Lesinski, Armand P. Neukermans, Richard L. Grant, Kevyn Irving
  • Patent number: 7184826
    Abstract: A percutaneous agent delivery or sampling device comprising a sheet having a plurality of microblades for piercing and anchoring to the skin for increasing transdermal flux of an agent and for improving the attachment of the device to the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Alza Corporation
    Inventors: Michel J. N. Cormier, Armand P. Neukermans, Barry Block, Felix T. Theeuwes, Alfred A. Amkraut
  • Patent number: 7087035
    Abstract: A device and method for enhancing skin piercing by microprotrusions involves pre-stretching the skin to enhance pathway formation when the microprotrusions are pressed into the skin. An expandable device includes skin engaging opposite ends that contact the skin surface so that when the device is expanded the skin is stretched. The skin is placed under a tension of about 0.01 to about 10 megapascals, preferably about 0.05 to 2 megapascals. The device has a plurality of microprotrusions which penetrate the skin while the skin is being stretched by the expanded device. Another stretching device employs suction for skin stretching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Alza Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph C. Trautman, Michel J. N. Cormier, Kellee Eng, Wei-Qi Lin, Hyunok L. Kim, Sara L. Sendelbeck, Armand P. Neukermans, Bruce P. Edwards, Wai-Loong Lim, Andrew I. Poutiatine, J. Richard Gyory
  • Patent number: 7031045
    Abstract: A micro-mirror strip assembly having a plurality of two-dimensional micro-mirror structures with improved deflection and other characteristics is presented. In the micro-mirror structures, electrodes for electrostatic deflection are disposed on conical or quasi-conical entities that are machined, attached or molded into a substrate. The electrodes are quartered approximately parallel to or offset by 45 degrees from rotational axes to form quadrants. Torsion sensors are provided along the axes of rotation to control deflection of the quadrant deflection electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Timothy G. Slater, Marc R. Schuman, Jack D. Foster, Sam Calmes, Sateesh S. Bajikar, Arun Malhotra, Jane Ang, Jerry Hurst, John Green
  • Patent number: 6961506
    Abstract: One aspect is a method for controllably attenuating the beam of light (108) coupled between incoming and outgoing optical fibers (106) by misaligning minor surfaces (116a, 116b) included of an optical switching module (100). Misalignment of the mirror surfaces (116a and 116b) causes only a portion of the beam of light (108) propagating along the incoming optical fiber (106), which is less than when the light beam deflectors' mirror surfaces (116) are precisely aligned, to propagate along the outgoing optical fiber (108). Thus, the optical switching module (100) controllably attenuates the beam of light (108) coupled between the incoming and the outgoing optical fibers (106). Another aspect is a variable-optical-attenuator (“VOA”) (212) that includes an optically reflective membrane (222) upon which the beam of light (108) impinges. Application of an electrostatic field between an adjacent electrode (228) and the membrane (222) deforms the membrane (222) thereby attenuating an impinging beam of light (108).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2005
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Rajiv Ramaswami, John F. Heanue, Brian P. Tremaine, Marc Schuman
  • Patent number: 6918901
    Abstract: An agent delivery or sampling device (2) comprising a member (6) having a plurality of blades (4) for piercing the skin and a connecting medium (65) covering at least a part of the skin contacting side (48) of the member (6) for increasing transdermal flux of an agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Inventors: Felix Theeuwes, Michel J. N. Cormier, Armand P. Neukermans
  • Publication number: 20040236271
    Abstract: An agent delivery or sampling device (2) comprising a member (6) having a plurality of blades (4) for piercing the skin and a connecting medium (65) covering at least a part of the skin contacting side (48) of the member (6) for increasing transdermal flux of an agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2004
    Publication date: November 25, 2004
    Inventors: Felix Theeuwes, Michel J.N. Cormier, Armand P. Neukermans
  • Patent number: 6795602
    Abstract: A fiber optic switch (400) includes a fiber optic switching module (100) that receives and fixes ends (104) of optical fibers (106). The module (100) includes numerous reflective light beam deflectors (172) which may be selected as pairs for coupling a beam of light (108) between a pair of optical fibers (106). The module (100) also produces orientation signals from each deflector (172) which indicate its orientation. A portcard (406) included in the switch (400) supplies drive signals to the module (100) for orienting at least one deflector (172). The portcard (406) also receives the orientation signals produced by that deflector (172) together with coordinates that specify an orientation for the deflector (172). The portcard (406) compares the received coordinates with the orientation signals received from the deflector (172) and adjusts the drive signals supplied to the module (100) to reduce any difference between the received coordinates and the orientation signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Timothy G. Slater, Tyler L. Baughman, James P. Downing, John S. Forker, Gregory A. Reznick, Sam Calmes, Steven M. Clark, Jack D. Foster, Marc R. Schuman, Rajiv Ramaswami
  • Publication number: 20040181203
    Abstract: An expandable skin stretching device includes skin engaging opposite ends that contact the skin surface on opposite sides of an area of the skin surface having micropathways therein. When the skin stretching device is expanded the skin between the opposite ends is placed under tension, i.e., stretched. The skin is placed under a tension of about 0.01 to about 10 megapascals, preferably about 0.05 to about 2 megapascals. The skin stretching can be unidirectional or multi-directional. Alternative embodiments of skin stretching devices use suction or normal force to stretch the skin. Stretching the skin helps keep the micropathways open for enhanced agent (e.g., drug) delivery through the micropathways. The stretching also delays micropathway closure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2004
    Publication date: September 16, 2004
    Inventors: Michel J.N. Cormier, Joseph C. Trautman, Hyunok L. Kim, Ahmad P. Samiee, Armand P. Neukermans, Bruce P. Edwards, Wai-Loong Lim, Andrew I. Poutiatine
  • Publication number: 20040150872
    Abstract: A micro-mirror strip assembly having a plurality of two-dimensional micro-mirror structures with improved deflection and other characteristics is presented. In the micro-mirror structures, electrodes for electrostatic deflection are disposed on conical or quasi-conical entities that are machined, attached or molded into a substrate. The electrodes are quartered approximately parallel to or offset by 45 degrees from rotational axes to form quadrants. Torsion sensors are provided along the axes of rotation to control deflection of the quadrant deflection electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2003
    Publication date: August 5, 2004
    Applicant: Xros, Inc., a California corporation
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Timothy G. Slater, Marc R. Schuman, Jack D. Foster, Sam Calmes, Sateesh S. Bajikar, Arun Malhotra, Jane Ang, Jerry Hurst, John Green
  • Patent number: 6744550
    Abstract: A micro-mirror strip assembly having a plurality of two-dimensional micro-mirror structures with improved deflection and other characteristics is presented. In the micro-mirror structures, electrodes for electrostatic deflection are disposed on conical or quasi-conical entities that are machined, attached or molded into a substrate. The electrodes are quartered approximately parallel to or offset by 45 degrees from rotational axes to form quadrants. Torsion sensors are provided along the axes of rotation to control deflection of the quadrant deflection electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: Xros, Inc.
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Timothy G. Slater, Marc R. Schuman, Jack D. Foster, Sam Calmes, Sateesh S. Bajikar, Arun Malhotra, Jane Ang, Jerry Hurst, John Green
  • Patent number: 6694072
    Abstract: A fiber optic switch (400) includes a fiber optic switching module (100) that receives and fixes ends (104) of optical fibers (106). The module (100) includes numerous reflective light beam deflectors (172) arranged in a V-shape which may be selected as pairs for coupling a beam of light (108) between a pair of optical fibers (106). The module (100) also produces orientation signals from each deflector (172) which indicate its orientation. A portcard (406) supplies drive signals to the module (100) for orienting at least one deflector (172). The portcard (406) also receives the orientation signals produced by that deflector (172) together with coordinates that specify an orientation for the deflector (172). The portcard (406) compares the received coordinates with the orientation signals and adjusts the drive signals supplied to the module (100) to reduce any difference between the received coordinates and the orientation signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Steven M. Clark, Marc R. Schuman, Timothy G. Slater, Jack D. Foster, Sam Calmes
  • Publication number: 20030223726
    Abstract: One aspect is a method for controllably attenuating the beam of light (108) coupled between incoming and outgoing optical fibers (106) by misaligning minor surfaces (116a, 116b) included of an optical switching module (100). Misalignment of the mirror surfaces (116a and 116b) causes only a portion of the beam of light (108) propagating along the incoming optical fiber (106), which is less than when the light beam deflectors' mirror surfaces (116) are precisely aligned, to propagate along the outgoing optical fiber (108). Thus, the optical switching module (100) controllably attenuates the beam of light (108) coupled between the incoming and the outgoing optical fibers (106). Another aspect is a variable-optical-attenuator (“VOA”) (212) that includes an optically reflective membrane (222) upon which the beam of light (108) impinges.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2002
    Publication date: December 4, 2003
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Rajiv Ramaswami, John F. Heanue, Brian P. Tremaine, Marc Schuman
  • Patent number: 6608297
    Abstract: A scanner, through which a document moves while being scanned by a moving beam of light, includes a wheel that rotates responsive to document movement. The wheel includes a multi-sectioned optical encoder upon which the scanning beam of light impinges when in a position at which it does not impinge upon the document. The scanner also includes an optical detector which receives light that is not absorbed by the optical encoder sections. Thus, the optical detector generates an electrical signal that indicates document movement speed. A preferred embodiment the scanner includes a pair of cup-shaped wheels one of which carries the optical encoder that encircles an inner surface of the wheel adjacent to a lip thereof. An axle, also included in the preferred embodiment, spans between, is coupled to, and supports the wheels for rotation in unison about a longitudinal axis parallel to the axle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Xeros, Inc.
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, James P. Downing, Timothy G. Slater
  • Patent number: 6561231
    Abstract: Methods for filling transducers of a fully implantable hearing aid system with liquids having either a high or a low vapor pressure are described. Methods are also described for avoiding damage to transducers during their testing and shipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Inventor: Armand P. Neukermans
  • Publication number: 20030076576
    Abstract: A micro-mirror strip assembly having a plurality of two-dimensional micro-mirror structures with improved deflection and other characteristics is presented. In the micro-mirror structures, electrodes for electrostatic deflection are disposed on conical or quasi-conical entities that are machined, attached or molded into a substrate. The electrodes are quartered approximately parallel to or offset by 45 degrees from rotational axes to form quadrants. Torsion sensors are provided along the axes of rotation to control deflection of the quadrant deflection electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2002
    Publication date: April 24, 2003
    Applicant: Xros, Inc.
    Inventors: Armand P. Neukermans, Timothy G. Slater, Marc R. Schuman, Jack D. Foster, Sam Calmes, Sateesh S. Bajikar, Arun Malhotra, Jane Ang, Jerry Hurst, John Green