Chih-Hsiang Wu has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Abstract: An optical system is provided and includes a fixed assembly, a movable element, a movable assembly, a driving module and a stopping assembly. The fixed assembly defines a main axis. The movable element is movable relative to the fixed assembly and is connected to a first optical element. The movable assembly is connected to the movable element. The driving module is configured to drive the movable assembly so as to drive the movable element to move relative to the fixed assembly. The stopping assembly is configured to limit the range of motion of the movable element.
Abstract: An optical element driving mechanism is provided and includes a fixed assembly, a movable assembly, a driving assembly and a stopping assembly. The fixed assembly has a main axis. The movable assembly is configured to connect an optical element, and the movable assembly is movable relative to the fixed assembly. The driving assembly is configured to drive the movable assembly to move relative to the fixed assembly. The stopping assembly is configured to limit the movement of the movable assembly relative to the fixed assembly within a range of motion.
Abstract: A communication device for handling mobility from a long-term evolution (LTE) network to a fifth generation (5G) network comprises a storage device storing instructions of transmitting a first LTE Non-Access Stratum (NAS) message to the LTE network; receiving a second LTE NAS message in response to the first LTE NAS message, from the LTE network; and transmitting a message to the 5G network, after determining to communicate with the 5G network instead of the LTE network, wherein the message comprises a slice information, and the slice information is comprised in the first LTE NAS message or in the second LTE NAS message.
Abstract: The display device includes a substrate, a patterned wall, the first, second, third sub-pixels, and an optical layer. The patterned wall is disposed on the substrate and has a plurality of openings. The first sub-pixel is disposed in one of the openings and includes a light-emitting element and a wavelength conversion layer. The second sub-pixel is disposed in one of the openings and includes a light-emitting element and a wavelength conversion layer. The third sub-pixel is disposed in one of the openings and includes a light-emitting element and a wavelength conversion layer, wherein a first distance between a top surface of the light-emitting element and a top surface of the patterned wall is about 10 um to about 100 um. The optical layer is disposed on the patterned wall and in direct contact with at least one of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, and the third sub-pixel.
Abstract: A manufacturing method for an antibacterial fiber includes the following steps. A dipping step is performed to soak a conductive fiber in a solution, in which the solution includes an ionic compound, and the ionic compound includes a metal cation. An oxidation step is performed by using the conductive fiber as an anode, such that an antibacterial material produced by the solution is adhered to a surface of the conductive fiber, in which the antibacterial material includes a metal oxide.
Abstract: Base stations and user devices (UEs) of this disclosure implement techniques for managing conditional configurations, which enable a UE to determine whether, when the UE receives a conditional configuration from a base station of a RAN, the UE should add the received configuration as a new configuration, or instead use the received configuration to modify an existing configuration. In different implementations, the RAN may provide the UE with configuration identifiers for this purpose, or may provide the UE with a full list of conditional configurations each time the RAN configures the UE for a conditional procedure.
Abstract: A method in a first base station for managing a conditional operation related to a user equipment UE includes sending, by processing hardware to the UE, a conditional connection information including at least one of a (i) configuration data related to a second base station in order for the UE to operate in dual connectivity with the first base station and the second base station, or (ii) one or more conditions connecting to the second base station (2202). The method also includes, in response to determining, by the processing hardware, that the UE is to suspend a radio connection with the first base station (2204): causing the UE to suspend a radio connection with the first base station (2206), and causing the second base station to release the conditional connection information (2208).
Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method of measuring a plurality of voids in an underfill material of an underfill package. The method includes operations of obtaining a welding angle profile of the underfill package; obtaining a simulated void profile of the underfill package according to the welding angle profile; determining a plurality of high-risk void regions according to the simulated void profile; simulating, according to a selected pressure and a selected temperature of the underfill material, a first high-risk void region of the plurality of high-risk void regions to generate an updated void profile; and determining whether the updated void profile meets a void requirement of the underfill package.
Abstract: A user device capable of receiving a full configuration related to a radio connection to a base station and a delta configuration which the user device can apply to a first configuration received previously (i) receives, from the base station while the user device is operating in a cell covered by the base station using the first configuration, the full configuration providing information for user device operation within a candidate cell (1404), (ii) determines whether a set of one or more conditions associated with the full configuration to the candidate cell is satisfied (1406), and (iii) connects to the candidate cell using the full configuration if the user device determines that the set of conditions is satisfied (1410).
Abstract: To manage sidelink and non-sidelink information, a user device obtains, by processing hardware in a user device communicating with a radio access network (RAN), a first set of information for sidelink communication with another user device (504A), and obtains, by the processing hardware, a second set of information for non-sidelink communication (504B). The user device transmits, by the processing hardware to the RAN, a first message including the first set of information (1010A), and transmits, by the processing hardware to the RAN, a second message including the second set of information (1010B), the first and second messages being separate messages.
Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) structure including one or more semiconductor devices arranged on or within a first substrate and a MEMS substrate having an ambulatory element. The MEMS substrate is connected to the first substrate by a conductive bonding structure. A capping substrate is arranged on the MEMs substrate. The capping substrate includes a semiconductor material that is separated from the first substrate by the MEMS substrate. One or more conductive polysilicon vias include a polysilicon material that continuously extends from the conductive bonding structure, completely through the MEMS substrate, and to within the capping substrate. The semiconductor material of the capping substrate covers opposing sidewalls of the polysilicon material and an upper surface of the polysilicon material that is between the opposing sidewalls.
Abstract: This document describes methods and devices for a handover of a user equipment from source base station (a Fifth Generation (5G) New Radio (NR) base station) to a target base station (another 5G NR base station or an Evolved Packet Core (EPC) network base station). The source base station, which is in communication with the user equipment, determines to handover the user equipment to the target base station. The source base station, then determines whether to use a delta configuration or a full configuration for handing over the user equipment. For the full configuration, the source base station either excludes the delta configuration from, or indicates use of the full configuration in, handover preparation information. By so doing, the source base station enables handover of the user equipment to the target base station.
Abstract: A user device (UE) for managing radio bearers communicates, with a first base station over a first radio bearer associated with a dedicated control channel and configured to carry at least application-layer measurement reporting information, the radio bearer associated with a logical channel identity (2502); receives, from a radio access network (RAN) including the first base station and a second base station, a message related to (i) the first radio bearer or (ii) a second radio bearer having the logical channel identity and terminated at the second base station (2504); and release or reconfigure the first radio bearer in response to the message (2506).
Abstract: A source base station receives, from a candidate base station while a user device is operating in a source cell of the source base station, a first message that indicates a conditional handover configuration providing information for user device operation within a candidate target cell of the candidate base station, but does not indicate a corresponding condition for handing over to the candidate target cell. The source base station generates the corresponding condition for handing over to the candidate target cell, and sends, to the user device, a second message that indicates the conditional handover configuration and the corresponding condition.
Abstract: A base station security communicates with a UE operating as an SN in dual connectivity of the UE with a first MN and the SN. The base station communicates with the UE over a radio interface using a first security key (802). The base station then receives, from a second MN, a first message including data for obtaining a second security key for communicating with the UE (804) and suspends application of the second security key to downlink traffic to the UE until a second message is received (806). In response to receiving the second message, base station communicates with the UE over the radio interface using the second security key (808).
Abstract: A security key management method can be implemented a user equipment (UE) capable of concurrent communication with a master node (MN) and a secondary node (SN). The method includes transitioning (504) from a connected state in which the UE communicates with the MN using a first security key and with the SN using a second security key (502), to an inactive state in which a radio connection between the UE and a radio access network (RAN) is suspended. The method further includes performing a procedure for transitioning from the inactive state to the connected state, including generating a new RAN key KSN corresponding to the SN (506) and generating a new security key for communicating with the SN based on at least the new RAN key KSN (508).
Abstract: The present disclosure describes techniques and apparatuses for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) configuration procedures in split base station architectures, including the configuration of user equipment (UE) for NOMA transmission. The base station receives a trigger relating to a UE. Responsive to the trigger, the base station configures the UE to perform NOMA transmission by at least one of a Central Unit of the base station transmitting a first message including the NOMA configuration to a Distributed Unit of the base station and transmitting a second message including the NOMA configuration to the UE, the Central Unit transmitting the second message including the NOMA configuration to the UE, or the Distributed Unit transmitting a third message including the NOMA configuration to the Central Unit and the Central Unit transmitting the second message including the NOMA configuration to the UE.
Abstract: A method for managing communication of a segmented RRC message that includes N segments is implemented in a first base station configured to communicate with a user device. The method includes receiving (222) a first M segments of the segmented RRC message from the user device (M<N), and determining (230), before receiving an (M+1-th segment, that one or more criteria for initiating a handover to a second base station are satisfied. The method also includes, after determining that the criteria are satisfied, executing a first RRC procedure before a second RRC procedure has completed, where the first and second RRC procedures are different ones of (i) the first base station receiving (264 or 645) at least the (M+1)-th through N-th segments of the segmented RRC message from the user device, and (ii) initiating (233, 332, 433, 532, 633 or 732) the handover to the second base station.
Abstract: A method, in a user device configured to communicate with a base station, for managing communication of a segmented radio resource control (RRC) message that includes N segments includes transmitting (222) a first M segments of the segmented RRC message to the base station, M being an integer greater than zero and less than N, detecting (230 or 330), by processing hardware of the user device and before transmitting an (M+1)-th segment of the segmented RRC message, an intervening event, that triggers an RRC procedure, and, after detecting the intervening event, transmitting (260) the (M+1)-th segment through an N-th segment of the segmented RRC message to the base station before the RRC procedure has completed.
Abstract: An optical system affixed to an electronic apparatus is provided, including a first optical module, a second optical module, and a third optical module. The first optical module is configured to adjust the moving direction of a first light from a first moving direction to a second moving direction, wherein the first moving direction is not parallel to the second moving direction. The second optical module is configured to receive the first light moving in the second moving direction. The first light reaches the third optical module via the first optical module and the second optical module in sequence. The third optical module includes a first photoelectric converter configured to transform the first light into a first image signal.