Patents by Inventor Dirk Achten

Dirk Achten has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190357695
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel anisotropic composite materials and processes for production thereof. The composite materials are based on the crosslinking of polyisocyanates and feature good weathering stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2017
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas BÜSGEN, Rolf ALBACH, Levent AKBAS
  • Publication number: 20190344497
    Abstract: A method for producing an object with layers of different materials in an additive manufacturing process comprises the following steps: I) providing a construction material heated at least in part to a temperature above its glass transition temperature on a substrate, so that a layer of the construction material is obtained which corresponds to a first selected cross section of the object; II) providing a construction material heated at least in part to a temperature above its glass transition temperature on a previously provided layer of the construction material, so that another layer of the construction material is obtained which corresponds to another selected cross section of the object and which is connected to the previously provided layer; repeating step II) until the object is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2017
    Publication date: November 14, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas BÜSGEN, Peter REICHERT, Nicolas DEGIORGIO, Rolf WEHRMANN, Helmut Werner HEUER, Eckhard WENZ
  • Publication number: 20190344555
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing an article, comprising the step of manufacturing the article via an additive fabrication process from a structural material, is notable in that the structural material comprises a polymer selected from the following group: (co)polycarbonates, polyesters, polyestercarbonates, polyformals, polyamides, polyethers, polyvinyl chloride, polymethyl (meth)acrylate, polystyrene or a combination of at least two thereof and an additive absorbing infrared radiation. The additive absorbing infrared radiation is selected for its chemical structure and its concentration in the structural material such that it reduces transmission by the structural material of light in the wavelength range between 600 nm and 1700 nm, determined on a sample 100 ?m thick, by ?2.5 percentage points relative to a structural material sample with a thickness of 100 ?m that does not contain the additive absorbing infrared radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2017
    Publication date: November 14, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BUSGEN, Rolf WEHRMANN, Helmut Werner HEUER
  • Publication number: 20190337224
    Abstract: A process for producing an object from a precursor comprises the steps of: I) depositing a free-radically crosslinked resin atop a carrier to obtain a ply of a construction material joined to the carrier which corresponds to a first selected cross section of the precursor; II) depositing a free-radically crosslinked resin atop a previously applied ply of the construction material to obtain a further ply of the construction material which corresponds to a further selected cross section of the precursor and which is joined to the previously applied ply; III) repeating step II) until the precursor is formed; wherein the depositing of a free-radically crosslinked resin at least in step II) is effected by exposure and/or irradiation of a selected region of a free-radically crosslinkable resin corresponding to the respectively selected cross section of the object and wherein the free-radically crosslinkable resin has a viscosity (23° C., DIN EN ISO 2884-1) of ?5 mPas to ?100000 mPas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2017
    Publication date: November 7, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas BÜSGEN, Jörg TILLACK, Michael LUDEWIG, Christoph TOMCZYK, Roland WAGNER
  • Patent number: 10449714
    Abstract: A process for producing an object from a precursor comprises the steps of: depositing a free-radically crosslinked resin atop a carrier to obtain a ply of a construction material joined to the carrier which corresponds to a first selected cross section of the precursor; depositing a free-radically crosslinked resin atop a previously applied ply of the construction material to obtain a further ply of the construction material which corresponds to a further selected cross section of the precursor and which is joined to the previously applied ply; repeating step II) until the precursor is formed; wherein the depositing of a free-radically crosslinked resin at least in step II) is effected by exposure and/or irradiation of a selected region of a free-radically crosslinkable resin corresponding to the respectively selected cross section of the object and wherein the free-radically crosslinkable resin has a viscosity (23° C., DIN EN ISO 2884-1) of ?5 mPas to ?100000 mPas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas Büsgen, Jörg Tillack, Michael Ludewig, Christoph Tomczyk, Roland Wagner
  • Publication number: 20190315062
    Abstract: A method for producing an article in which a layer (200) of meltable polymer is selectively melted at least partially. This takes place according to a selected cross section of the article to be formed. The at least partially melted material is added on layer by layer to a carrier (500) or to previous layers bonded to the carrier (500). A system that is suitable for carrying out the method according to the invention has a substrate (100), a control unit (600), an application unit (700) for applying the particles to the substrate (100), an energy exposure unit (700) and a contacting unit (800).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Publication date: October 17, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Christoph TOMCZYK, Roland WAGNER, Bettina METTMANN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Levent AKBAS, Arnaud GUEDOU
  • Publication number: 20190299505
    Abstract: A method for producing a foam body (10) having an internal structure (100, 200, 300), comprising the steps: I) selecting an internal structure (100, 200, 300) to be formed in the foam body (10), the structure comprising a first polymer material; II) providing a foam body (10), the foam body (10) comprising a second polymer material which is different to the first polymer material; III) injecting, by means of an injection means (20), a predefined amount of a melt of the first polymer material or a predefined amount of a reaction mixture (30, 31, 32) which reacts to form the first polymer material at a predefined location inside the foam body (10), corresponding to a volume element of the internal structure (100, 200, 300); IV) repeating step III) for further predefined locations inside the foam body (10), corresponding to further volume elements of the internal structure (10), until the internal structure (10) is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Publication date: October 3, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Rebecca Alina HEIL, Rolf ALBACH, Michael EHLERS, Dorothee CLASEN, Sascha PRAET, Adam PAJONK
  • Publication number: 20190275732
    Abstract: A method for producing an article in which a layer with a radically cross-linkable resin is selectively crosslinked at least partially. This takes place according to a selected cross section of the article to be formed by means of selective application of a radical initiator. The at least partially crosslinked material is added on layer by layer to a carrier or to previous layers bonded to the carrier. A system that is suitable for carrying out the method according to the invention has a substrate, a control unit, an application unit for applying the resin to the substrate, an application unit for applying an initiator to the resin, an energy exposure unit and a contacting unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2017
    Publication date: September 12, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Michael LUDEWIG, Roland WAGNER, Christoph TOMCZYK, Jörg TILLACK, Arnaud GENOU
  • Patent number: 10398236
    Abstract: It is a feature of a porous body comprising a three-dimensional network of node points joined to one another by struts, and a void volume present between the struts, that the struts have an average length of ?200 ?m to ?50 mm, the struts have an average thickness of ?100 ?m to ?5 mm, and that the porous body has a compression hardness (40% compression, DIN EN ISO 3386-1: 2010-09) in at least one spatial direction of ?10 to ?100 kPa. The porous body according to the invention combines the advantages of a conventional mattress or cushion with ventilatability which results from its porous structure and is not achievable in conventional foams. The invention further relates to a method of producing such a porous body and to an apparatus comprising said body for supporting and/or bearing a person.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas Busgen, Dirk Dijkstra, Nicolas Degiorgio, Roland Wagner, Levent Akbas, Peter Reichert, Jurgen Hattig
  • Publication number: 20190254439
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a visco-elastic damping element comprising at least one visco-elastic spring element, characterized in that the visco-elastic spring element is structured from at least one visco-elastic material having a tan ? of at least 0.5, determined according to DIN 53535: 1982-03, and produced by means of a 3D printing method. The invention further relates to a visco-elastic damping element, which is produced or can be produced according to said method, and to a solid body comprising or consisting of a plurality of damping elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2017
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Roland WAGNER, Bettina METTMANN, Nicolas DEGIORGIO, Peter REICHERT
  • Publication number: 20190255788
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel anisotropic composite materials and processes for production thereof. The composite materials are based on the crosslinking of polyisocyanates and feature good weathering stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2017
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Inventors: Heiko HOCKE, Andrea KOETHER, Dirk ACHTEN, Dieter ADERJAHN, Bianca REXMANN, Nicole REIDENBACH
  • Publication number: 20190248067
    Abstract: A process is described for producing a three dimensional structure, the process including the following steps a) applying of at least a first material M1 onto a substrate to build a first layer L1 on the substrate; b) layering of at least one further layer Ly of the first material M1 or of a further material Mx onto the first layer L1, wherein the at least one further layer Ly covers the first layer L1 and/or previous layer Ly?1 at least partially to build a precursor of the three dimensional structure; c) curing the precursor to achieve the three dimensional structure; wherein at least one of the materials M1 or Mx provides a Mooney viscosity of >10 ME at 60° C. and of <200 ME at 100° C. before curing and wherein at least one of the first material Mi or of the further material Mx is a powder. Also, a three dimensional structure is described which is available according to the process according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2017
    Publication date: August 15, 2019
    Applicant: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Bettina METTMANN, Levent AKBAS, Roland WAGNER, Michael KESSLER
  • Publication number: 20190240896
    Abstract: A process is described for producing a three dimensional structure, the process including the following steps a) applying of at least a first material M1 onto a substrate to build a first layer L1 on the substrate; b) layering of at least one further layer Ly of the first material M1 or of a further material Mx onto the first layer L1, wherein the at least one further layer Ly covers the first layer L1 and/or previous layer Ly-1 at least partially to build a precursor of the three dimensional structure; c) curing the precursor to achieve the three dimensional structure; wherein at least one of the materials M1 or Mx provides a Mooney viscosity of >10 ME at 60° C. and of <200 ME at 100° C. before curing. Also, a three dimensional structure is described which is available according to the process according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Publication date: August 8, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Roland WAGNER
  • Publication number: 20190233574
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polyisocyanurate foam obtainable by reacting a mixture in the presence of a catalyst and optionally an initiator, comprising or consisting of: A) a polyisocyanate component comprising at least one aliphatic polyisocyanate; B) a component reactive to isocyanate comprising at least one polyol and/or an alcohol and also optionally an amine; C) at least one blowing agent; D) at least one foam stabilizer and E) optionally at least one additive, characterized in that the mixture, upon accompanying use of an isocyanate-reactive component (polyol, alcohol, amine), has an index of at least 200. The invention further relates to a process for producing such a foam and use thereof as an insulating material, as a construction element, as facade insulation, as reactor insulation, as battery insulation, as superheated steam insulation, as insulation for a still, or as weather-resistant insulating material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2017
    Publication date: August 1, 2019
    Inventors: Lutz BÖHNKE, Dirk ACHTEN
  • Publication number: 20190223618
    Abstract: It is a feature of a porous body (10, 20) comprising a three-dimensional network of node points (200) joined to one another by struts (100), and a void volume (300) present between the struts (100), that the struts (100) have an average length of ?200 to ?50 mm, the struts (100) have an average thickness of ?100 ?m to ?5 mm, and that the porous body has a compression hardness (40% compression, DIN EN ISO 3386-1: 2010-09) in at least one spatial direction of ?10 to ?100 kPa. The porous body according to the invention combines the advantages of a conventional mattress or cushion with ventilatability which results from its porous structure and is not achievable in conventional foams. The invention further relates to a method of producing such a porous body (10, 20) and to an apparatus comprising said body (10, 20) for supporting and/or bearing a person.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2017
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Nicolas DEGIORGIO, Roland WAGNER, Levent AKBAS, Peter REICHERT, Jürgen HÄTTIG
  • Publication number: 20190217533
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing an article comprises the steps of: I) applying a filament of an at least partially fused construction material to a support so as to obtain a layer of the construction material which corresponds to a first selected cross-section of the article; II) applying a filament of the at least partially fused construction material to a previously applied layer of the construction material so as to obtain a further layer of the construction material which corresponds to a further selected cross-section of the article and which is bonded to the previously applied layer; and III) repeating step II) until the article is formed. At least steps II) and III) are carried out in a chamber and the construction material comprises a fusible polymer. The fusible polymer has a fusion range (DSC, differential scanning calorimetry; 2nd heating at a heating rate of 5 K/min.) of ?20° C. to ?100° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2017
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Nicolas DEGIORGIO, Roland WAGNER, Levent AKBAS, Peter REICHERT, Jörg BÜCHNER
  • Publication number: 20190202963
    Abstract: The present invention relates to process for producing polyisocyanurate plastics, comprising the following steps: a) providing a polyisocyanate composition A) which comprises oligomeric polyisocyanates and is low in monomeric diisocyanates, “low in monomeric diisocyanates” meaning that the polyisocyanate composition A) has a content of monomeric diisocyanates of not more than 20% by weight, b) catalytically trimerizing the polyisocyanate composition A) using at least one tertiary organic phosphine catalyst B). The invention further relates to polyisocyanurate plastics obtainable by the process according to the invention, to coatings, films, semifinished products and mouldings comprising or consisting of the polyisocyanurate plastic according to the invention, and to the use of the polyisocyanurate plastics according to the invention for production of coatings, films, semifinished products and mouldings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2017
    Publication date: July 4, 2019
    Inventors: Dieter Mager, Hans-Josef LAAS, Mathias MATNER, Dirk ACHTEN, Heiko HOCKE
  • Publication number: 20190184632
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing an article comprises the steps of: applying a layer that consists of particles to a target area; allowing, in a chamber, energy to act on a selected portion of the layer, according to a cross-section of the article, so that the particles in the selected portion are bonded, and repeating the steps of applying and allowing energy to act for a plurality of layers so that the bonded portions of the adjacent layers are bonded to form the article, at least part of the particles comprising a fusible polymer. The fusible polymer has a fusion range (DSC, differential scanning calorimetry; 2nd heating at a heating rate of 5 K/min.) of ?20 ° C. to ?100 ° C. The fusible polymer further has a complex viscosity \?*\ (determined by viscosity measurement in the melt using a plate-plate oscillating viscometer according to ISO 6721-10 at 100° C. and a shear rate of 1/s) of ?10 Pas to ?1000000 Pas. Finally, the temperature inside the chamber is ?50° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2017
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Inventors: Dirk ACHTEN, Thomas BÜSGEN, Dirk DIJKSTRA, Nicolas DEGIORGIO, Wolfgang ARNDT, Levent AKBAS, Roland WAGNER, Peter REICHERT, Jörg BÜCHNER
  • Patent number: 10300660
    Abstract: A method of treating at least part of a surface (110) of an article (100) in which an article (100) is treated, at least part of a surface (110, 111) of the article having been produced by an additive manufacturing method from a construction material, and the construction material provides a temperature TG? at which the storage modulus G? of the construction material (determined by dynamic-mechanical analysis according to ISO 6721 at a shear rate of 1/s) is 10 MPa. The article is preferably placed into an evacuable volume and the volume is evacuated. By heating and exerting pressure, the surface is plastically deformed and can be smoothed thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Dirk Achten, Thomas Büsgen, Roland Wagner, Bettina Mettmann, Levent Akbas, Julien Guiu
  • Publication number: 20190144593
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a composite polyisocyanurate material, comprising the following steps: a) providing a polyisocyanate composition A) which comprises oligomeric polyisocyanates and is low in monomeric diisocyanates, “low in monomeric diisocyanates” meaning that the polyisocyanate composition A) has a content of monomeric diisocyanates of not more than 20% by weight, and b) catalytically trimerizing the polyisocyanate composition A) in the presence of at least one fibrous filler B) and of a trimerization catalyst C) to give the composite polyisocyanurate material, where the trimerization catalyst C) comprises at least one metal salt and/or quaternary ammonium salt. The invention further relates to composite polyisocyanurate materials obtainable by the process according to the invention and to the use thereof for production of a component, and to components consisting of or comprising a composite polyisocyanurate material according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2017
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Applicant: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Heiko HOCKE, Mathias MATNER, Dirk ACHTEN, Paul HEINZ