Patents by Inventor Guenther Crass

Guenther Crass has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 4921670
    Abstract: A process is described for the production of an oriented, heat-set polyester film including an admixture of polydiorganosiloxane in the amount of 0.001 to 2% by weight, as well as further additives, such as inert inorganic and/or organic particles. The thermoplastic material is melted in an extruder and extruded through an appropriate die to give a cast film, is then quenched, reheated, stretch oriented, and heat set. The characteristic criteria is the addition of the polydiorganosiloxane to the polydiorganosiloxane-free polyester in the form of a masterbatch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hermann Dallmann, Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass, Werner Schaefer
  • Patent number: 4912091
    Abstract: An on-sealable, biaxially oriented, transparent multi-layer film is disclosed comprising a base layer, two intermediate layers separated from each other by this base layer and two covering layers, one covering layer each being arranged on top of an intermediate layer, the intermediate layers containing a combination of additives comprising a long-chain aliphatic amine and an inorganic pigment and the covering layers containing, in each case, a polydialkylsiloxane. A process for the production of the multi-layer film and its use are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass, Gunter Schloegl
  • Patent number: 4911874
    Abstract: A molten film extruded from a slot die onto a take-off drum in a cooling system is first cooled on the circumferential surface of the take-off drum and by the ambient air, is subsequently passed into the water bath of a water trough in which the take-off drum is immersed, and finally is transferred from the water bath of the water trough into a post-cooling water bath, in which the film solidifies to an intermediate film having a desired final temperature of approximately 40.degree. C. When the film leaves the take-off drum, the partially solidified molten film has a mean temperature T.sub.u of between 100.degree. C. and 120.degree. C. For optimization of the dwell time of the molten film in the cooling system and in the post-cooling water bath, the drum diameter D of the take-off drum and the length L of the post-cooling water bath are determined by a specific relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Herbert Peiffer, Guenther Crass, Wolfgang Dietz
  • Patent number: 4910639
    Abstract: A biaxially-oriented film, suitable for use as an electrically insulating film, is disclosed. The film is composed of a highly-pure electrical film raw material based on polyolefins, in particular propylene polymers, and contains carbonate particles as a neutralizing agent. The carbonate particles preferably have an absolute particle size of less than 10 micrometers, a mean particle diameter of less than 0.1 micrometer, a specific surface area of more than 30 m.sup.2 /g and a degree of whiteness of more than 90%. The film is used as a dielectric in a capacitor and shows improved electrical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunter Schloegl, Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass, Thomas Wilhelm, Karl E. Helf
  • Patent number: 4904325
    Abstract: A transfer-metallization method in which a metal coating is applied to a top layer of a metallizing film, and the film is then brought into contact with a substrate such that the metal coating is transferred from the top layer to the substrate. The film is a three-layer biaxially-oriented transfer film produced by coextrusion and having a base layer of a polypropylene homopolymer and top layers applied to the two surfaces thereof. The base layer contains an additive depot of migrating monomers in an amount of 0.01 to 2.0 percent by weight, relative to the weight of the polymer constituting the base layer. The top layers are comprised of polypropylene that has a lower viscosity than the polypropylene of the base layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Klaus Paschke, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4883698
    Abstract: For packaging purposes, metallized multilayer films containing a biaxially oriented polypropylene film as a base layer should have high scratch resistance, good heat-sealing properties, such as low heat-sealing temperature, attractive visual properties, such as high metallic luster, excellent metallizability of the base layer or of a covering layer, and also good processing properties during metallization, printing, slitting, and during processing on fast-running packaging machines. This requirement profile is fulfilled by a multilayer film of asymmetric structure containing a biaxially oriented base layer 4 composed of polypropylene, a heat-sealing layer 3 which contains an additive combination composed of pigment in platelet form and siloxane and which is optionally modified by an addition of polypropylene and a hydrocarbon resin, and of a corona-treated polypropylene covering layer 2 which is not capable of being heat-sealed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass, Siegfried Janocha, Gunter Schloegl
  • Patent number: 4875963
    Abstract: To prepare a transfer metallization film which is metallized on one side, the first application of a metal layer to one side of the film web is preceded by a one-sided electric corona discharge applied to the other, not-to-be-metallized, side of the film web. The second and any further application of a metal layer on the same side of the film are not preceded by a corona discharge step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Klaus Paschke, Guenther Crass, Peter Dinter
  • Patent number: 4863032
    Abstract: A packaging wrapper for disk-shaped magnetic information carriers is disclosed. The wrapper is formed by folding over a blank to form a flat wrapper. The wrapper has projecting tabs jutting out laterally from the sides of the front wrapper wall and overlap zones on the rear wrapper wall formed as a result of folding-over of the projecting tabs. The projecting tabs are firmly bonded to the rear wrapper wall by means of welding. The blank for forming the packaging wrapper is formed from a biaxially oriented, opaque multi-ply film comprising a base layer consisting essentially of polypropylene and fillers. The fillers are present in a quantity in the range from 10 to 30% by weight, relative to the total weight of the polypropylene and fillers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Lothar Bothe, Gunter Schloegl, Guenther Crass
  • Patent number: 4842187
    Abstract: Described is an opaque, biaxially draw-oriented thermoplastic film for candy twist wrapping. The film is formed from a polymer mixture comprising from about 40 to about 60% by weight of polypropylene and from about 35 to about 55% by weight of polystyrene, relative to the total weight of the mixture. The mixture additionally comprises from about 5 to about 15% by weight of a filler material, relative to the total weight of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Siegfried Janocha, Guenther Crass, Gunter Schloegl, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4803027
    Abstract: In the process for the production of thin, biaxially stretched films from polypropylene, the latter is melted in an extruder and extruded from a slot die over the surface of a take-off roll. The plastic melt cooled on the surface of the take-off roll into an intermediate film is temperature-treated in the region of the take-off roll in a zone and the intermediate film is subsequently biaxially stretched and heat-set in a known way. At a take-off roll temperature T.sub.W of between 10.degree. C. and 100.degree. C., blowing air of a temperature T.sub.L greater than/equal to 30.degree. C. is blown onto the film surface on the air side not in contact with the circumferential surface of the take-off roll, the duration for this temperature treatment being at least 1.5 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Herbert Peiffer, Guenther Crass, Wolfgang Dietz, Gunter Schloegl
  • Patent number: 4786533
    Abstract: A transparent propylene polymer film, produced by coextrusion and coated on one or both sides, for candy twist wrapping, wherein the propylene polymer base layer additionally contains a low molecular hydrocarbon resin in an amount of 10 to 40% by weight, based on the total weight of propylene polymer and resin, the base layer has a modulus of elasticity of not less than 3,000 N/mm.sup.2, measured in both directions of molecular orientation, and each top layer contains a polydialkylsiloxane in an amount of 0.3 to 1.5% by weight, based on the weight of the top layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4777081
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented transfer metallizing film based on polypropylene, and process therefor. The film is a three-layer film produced by coextrusion and having a base layer of a propylene homopolymer and top layers applied to the two surfaces thereof. The base layer contains an additive depot of migrating monomers in an amount of 0.01 to 2.0 percent by weight, relative to the weight of the polymer constituting the base layer. The top layers are polypropylene that has a lower viscosity than the polypropylene of the base layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Klaus Paschke, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4773139
    Abstract: A method is described by which the residual moisture can be removed from wound capacitors containing dielectric layers of thermoplastic plastic material, the residual moisture being broken down by electrochemical decomposition and the break-down products removed by vacuum. Capacitors which are subjected to this treatment have a longer service life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Karl-Eduard Helf, Guenther Crass
  • Patent number: 4758396
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of a biaxially stretch-oriented film having at least one opaque layer is described. The opaque layer is composed essentially of propylene polymer and fillers in a quantity of about 10 to 40% by weight, relative to the total weight of propylene polymer and fillers. In production, the granules are melted in a screw extruder, are forced through a die and are formed by cooling to give a preformed film. The preformed film is then stretch-oriented both along the machine direction and transversely perpendicular to the machine direction and is then heat-set. The fillers are added in the form of a masterbatch to the granules of unfilled polymers. The masterbatch should have a filler content of more than about 30% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Gunter Schloegl, Lothar Bothe, Herbert Peiffer
  • Patent number: 4734317
    Abstract: A polyolefin film having a base layer composed essentially of propylene polymers and having sealing layers present on both sides, composed essentially of sealable olefin polymers. Polydialkylsiloxane is incorporated in a first of the two sealing layers, and this layer is not subjected to corona treatment. The second sealing layer is subjected to corona treatment and has polydialkylsiloxane, not incorporated, but present on its outer surface, the polydialkylsiloxane having been transferred to this layer by contact with the sealing layer in which polyidalkylsiloxane is incorporated. The relative polydialkylsiloxane occupancy on the second layer, which is determined by means of ESCA spectroscopy, is not more than 15. The three-layer polyolefin film is prepared by a coextrusion process. It is particularly suitable for use as a packaging film on high-speed packaging machines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass
  • Patent number: 4734318
    Abstract: A sealable, transparent multilayer film comprised of a base layer, essentially of polypropylene, which is coated on both sides with further polyolefin layer is described. The base layer is coated on both surfaces with a layer of polypropylene which contains, as additives(i) 0.1 to 1% by weight of an inorganic pigment and(ii) 0.2 to 1% by weight of an oxyalkylamine, in each case relative to the total weight of the layer. Both free surfaces of the polypropylene layers are coated with a sealable covering layer which comprises a combination of(a) 68.5 to 89.7% by weight of an olefin resin composition comprising a copolymer or terpolymer of ethylene, propylene, butylene or further .alpha.-olefins having 5 to 10 carbon atoms or mixtures of these,(b) 5 to 15% by weight of a low molecular weight resin compatible with the olefin resin composition,(c) 5 to 15% by weight of a propylene homopolymer and(d) 0.3 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Rudolf Mauer, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4725466
    Abstract: A non-sealable polypropylene multi-layer film comprises a base layer and at least one covering layer, the base layer as wella as the covering layer or layers being formed of propylene homopolymers. The covering layers contain a combination of additives composed of (a) from 0.2 to 1.0% by weight of a long-chain aliphatic amine, (b) from 0.2 to 1.0% by weight of a polydialkylsiloxane, and (c) from 0.1 to 1.0% by weight of a platelet-shaped inorganic pigment, the platelets of the pigments being disposed substantially parallel to the surface of the covering layer. The film is preferably produced by a coextrusion process. It is preferably used as a laminating film, an interleaving film or a metallizable film. The novel non-sealable polypropylene multi-layer film has, in particular, good anti-blocking and slip properties, good optical properties, good antistatic properties, and a high scratch resistance. The film can be subjected to a corona treatment without thereby adversely influencing its properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Lothar Bothe
  • Patent number: 4716068
    Abstract: Disclosed is an adhesive tape based on a co-extruded, three-layer polypropylene base film which has been biaxially stretch-oriented in at least three stages and has been subjected on at least one side to corona treatment. The base film comprises a base layer and two covering layers. The base layer comprises polypropylene. The covering layer adjacent the adhesive layer includes polypropylene modified with a natural or synthetic resin having a softening point of about 70.degree. to 170.degree. C., and the other covering layer includes polypropylene modified with a diorganopolysiloxane. The new adhesive tape possesses high values of mechanical properties. The tape has good printability, and it does not contain an adhesion-promoting layer for the adhesive, nor a separating layer (release coat), since such layers are not required. The tape can also be processed without appreciable draw-off noises.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1987
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Walter Seifried, Guenther Crass
  • Patent number: 4698261
    Abstract: An opaque polyolefin film having a three-layer support film and transparent or clear polyolefin covering layers which cover the two surfaces of the support film. In the support film, either the inner layer or the two intermediate layers arranged between the inner layer and the covering layers are composed of a filler-free polyolefin which is modified with a natural or synthetic resin having a softening point ranging from 70.degree. C. to 180.degree. C. The respective non-modified polyolefin layer or layers of the support film have a filler and exhibit a vacuole structure which produces a relatively low density film of less than 0.9 g/cm.sup.3. The production of the opaque polyolefin film comprising five layers is carried out by coextrusion and biaxial stretching, followed by heat setting the coextruded film. The film is advantageously used for packaging purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Lothar Bothe, Guenther Crass
  • Patent number: 4692837
    Abstract: The multi-layer film comprises a propylene polymer base layer having a stabilizer content of up to 0.2% by weight and outer layers, also composed of propylene polymer, having a stabilizer content of at least 0.3% by weight. The outer layers contain 3 to 10 times the amount of stabilizer present in the base layer, as a result of which the initial value of the dielectric loss factor tan of the multi-layer film is kept low, and the loss factor exhibits only a slight increase with time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1987
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guenther Crass, Lothar Bothe, Gunter Schloegl