Patents by Inventor Hu Kang

Hu Kang has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10526701
    Abstract: Methods of depositing uniform films on substrates using multi-cyclic atomic layer deposition techniques are described. Methods involve varying one or more parameter values from cycle to cycle to tailor the deposition profile. For example, some methods involve repeating a first ALD cycle using a first carrier gas flow rate during precursor exposure and a second ALD cycle using a second carrier gas flow rate during precursor exposure. Some methods involve repeating a first ALD cycle using a first duration of precursor exposure and a second ALD cycle using a second duration of precursor exposure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Adrien LaVoie, Hu Kang, Jun Qian, Tuan Nguyen, Ye Wang
  • Patent number: 10526700
    Abstract: The present inventors have conceived of a multi-stage process gas delivery system for use in a substrate processing apparatus. In certain implementations, a first process gas may first be delivered to a substrate in a substrate processing chamber. A second process gas may be delivered, at a later time, to the substrate to aid in the even dosing of the substrate. Delivery of the first process gas and the second process gas may cease at the same time or may cease at separate times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Yi Chung Chiu, Frank L. Pasquale, Jun Qian, Chloe Baldasseroni, Shankar Swaminathan, Karl F. Leeser, David Charles Smith, Wei-Chih Lai
  • Publication number: 20190378710
    Abstract: Methods for depositing ultrathin films by atomic layer deposition with reduced wafer-to-wafer variation are provided. Methods involve exposing the substrate to soak gases including one or more gases used during a plasma exposure operation of an atomic layer deposition cycle prior to the first atomic layer deposition cycle to heat the substrate to the deposition temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2019
    Publication date: December 12, 2019
    Inventors: Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Seiji Matsuyama, Purushottam Kumar
  • Publication number: 20190311897
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods and apparatus for filling one or more gaps on a semiconductor substrate. The disclosed embodiments are especially useful for forming seam-free, void-free fill in both narrow and wide features. The methods may be performed without any intervening etching operations to achieve a single step deposition. In various implementations, a first operation is performed using a novel PEALD fill mechanism to fill narrow gaps and line wide gaps. A second operation may be performed using PECVD methods to continue filling the wide gaps.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2019
    Publication date: October 10, 2019
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Shankar Swaminathan, Jun Qian, Wanki Kim, Dennis M. Hausmann, Bart J. van Schravendijk, Adrien LaVoie
  • Patent number: 10407773
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods of depositing films of material on semiconductor substrates employing the use of a secondary purge. The methods may include flowing a film precursor into a processing chamber and adsorbing the film precursor onto a substrate in the processing chamber such that the precursor forms an adsorption-limited layer on the substrate. The methods may further include removing at least some unadsorbed film precursor from the volume surrounding the adsorbed precursor by purging the processing chamber with a primary purge gas, and thereafter reacting adsorbed film precursor while a secondary purge gas is flowed into the processing chamber, resulting in the formation of a film layer on the substrate. The secondary purge gas may include a chemical species having an ionization energy and/or a disassociation energy equal to or greater than that of O2. Also disclosed are apparatuses which implement the foregoing processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Adrien LaVoie, Hu Kang, Purushottam Kumar, Shankar Swaminathan, Jun Qian, Frank L. Pasquale, Chloe Baldasseroni
  • Patent number: 10378107
    Abstract: A showerhead in a semiconductor processing apparatus can include faceplate through-holes configured to improve the flow uniformity during atomic layer deposition. The showerhead can include a faceplate having a plurality of through-holes for distributing gas onto a substrate, where the faceplate includes small diameter through-holes. For example, the diameter of each of the through-holes can be less than about 0.04 inches. In addition or in the alternative, the showerhead can include edge through-holes positioned circumferentially along a ring having a diameter greater than a diameter of the substrate being processed. The showerhead can be a low volume showerhead and can include a baffle proximate one or more gas inlets in communication with a plenum volume of the showerhead. The faceplate with small diameter through-holes and/or edge through-holes can improve overall film non-uniformity, improve azimuthal film non-uniformity at the edge of the substrate, and enable operation at higher RF powers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Ramesh Chandrasekharan, Saangrut Sangplung, Shankar Swaminathan, Frank Pasquale, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Edward Augustyniak, Yukinori Sakiyama, Chloe Baldasseroni, Seshasayee Varadarajan, Basha Sajjad, Jennifer L. Petraglia
  • Patent number: 10361076
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods and apparatus for filling one or more gaps on a semiconductor substrate. The disclosed embodiments are especially useful for forming seam-free, void-free fill in both narrow and wide features. The methods may be performed without any intervening etching operations to achieve a single step deposition. In various implementations, a first operation is performed using a novel PEALD fill mechanism to fill narrow gaps and line wide gaps. A second operation may be performed using PECVD methods to continue filling the wide gaps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Shankar Swaminathan, Jun Qian, Wanki Kim, Dennis Hausmann, Bart J. van Schravendijk, Adrien LaVoie
  • Publication number: 20190040528
    Abstract: The present inventors have conceived of a multi-stage process gas delivery system for use in a substrate processing apparatus. In certain implementations, a first process gas may first be delivered to a substrate in a substrate processing chamber. A second process gas may be delivered, at a later time, to the substrate to aid in the even dosing of the substrate. Delivery of the first process gas and the second process gas may cease at the same time or may cease at separate times.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2018
    Publication date: February 7, 2019
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Yi Chung Chiu, Frank L. Pasquale, Jun Qian, Chloe Baldasseroni, Shankar Swaminathan, Karl F. Leeser, David Charles Smith, Wei-Chih Lai
  • Publication number: 20190024233
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for controlling precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool are disclosed. A method may include flowing gas through a gas line, opening an ampoule valve(s), before a dose step, to start a flow of precursor from the ampoule to a process chamber through the gas line, closing the ampoule valve(s) to stop the precursor from flowing out of the ampoule, opening a process chamber valve, at the beginning of the dose step, to allow the flow of precursor to enter the process chamber, and closing the process chamber valve, at the end of the dose step, to stop the flow of precursor from entering the process chamber. A controller may include at least one memory and at least one processor and the at least one memory may store instructions for controlling the at least one processor to control precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2018
    Publication date: January 24, 2019
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Adrien LaVoie, Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Ishtak Karim, Fung Suong Ou
  • Patent number: 10100407
    Abstract: The present inventors have conceived of a multi-stage process gas delivery system for use in a substrate processing apparatus. In certain implementations, a first process gas may first be delivered to a substrate in a substrate processing chamber. A second process gas may be delivered, at a later time, to the substrate to aid in the even dosing of the substrate. Delivery of the first process gas and the second process gas may cease at the same time or may cease at separate times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Yi Chung Chiu, Frank L. Pasquale, Jun Qian, Chloe Baldasseroni, Shankar Swaminathan, Karl F. Leeser, David Charles Smith, Wei-Chih Lai
  • Patent number: 10094018
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for controlling precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool are disclosed. A method may include flowing gas through a gas line, opening an ampoule valve(s), before a dose step, to start a flow of precursor from the ampoule to a process chamber through the gas line, closing the ampoule valve(s) to stop the precursor from flowing out of the ampoule, opening a process chamber valve, at the beginning of the dose step, to allow the flow of precursor to enter the process chamber, and closing the process chamber valve, at the end of the dose step, to stop the flow of precursor from entering the process chamber. A controller may include at least one memory and at least one processor and the at least one memory may store instructions for controlling the at least one processor to control precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Adrien LaVoie, Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Ishtak Karim, Fung Suong Ou
  • Publication number: 20180247875
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to form films on sensitive substrates while preventing damage to the sensitive substrate are provided herein. In certain embodiments, methods involve forming a bilayer film on a sensitive substrate that both protects the underlying substrate from damage and possesses desired electrical properties. Also provided are methods and apparatus for evaluating and optimizing the films, including methods to evaluate the amount of substrate damage resulting from a particular deposition process and methods to determine the minimum thickness of a protective layer. The methods and apparatus described herein may be used to deposit films on a variety of sensitive materials such as silicon, cobalt, germanium-antimony-tellerium, silicon-germanium, silicon nitride, silicon carbide, tungsten, titanium, tantalum, chromium, nickel, palladium, ruthenium, or silicon oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Publication date: August 30, 2018
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Shankar Swaminathan, Adrien LaVoie, Jon Henri
  • Patent number: 10008428
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to form films on sensitive substrates while preventing damage to the sensitive substrate are provided herein. In certain embodiments, methods involve forming a bilayer film on a sensitive substrate that both protects the underlying substrate from damage and possesses desired electrical properties. Also provided are methods and apparatus for evaluating and optimizing the films, including methods to evaluate the amount of substrate damage resulting from a particular deposition process and methods to determine the minimum thickness of a protective layer. The methods and apparatus described herein may be used to deposit films on a variety of sensitive materials such as silicon, cobalt, germanium-antimony-tellerium, silicon-germanium, silicon nitride, silicon carbide, tungsten, titanium, tantalum, chromium, nickel, palladium, ruthenium, or silicon oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Shankar Swaminathan, Adrien LaVoie, Jon Henri
  • Patent number: 9970108
    Abstract: A vapor delivery system includes an ampoule to store liquid precursor and a heater to partially vaporize the liquid precursor. A first valve communicates with a push gas source and the ampoule. A second valve supplies vaporized precursor to a heated injection manifold. A valve manifold includes a first node in fluid communication with an outlet of the heated injection manifold, a third valve having an inlet in fluid communication with the first node and an outlet in fluid communication with vacuum, a fourth valve having an inlet in fluid communication with the first node and an outlet in fluid communication with a second node, a fifth valve having an outlet in fluid communication with the second node, and a sixth valve having an outlet in fluid communication with the second node. A gas distribution device is in fluid communication with the second node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Purushottam Kumar, Chloe Baldasseroni, Heather Landis, Andrew Kenichi Duvall, Mohamed Sabri, Ramesh Chandrasekharan, Karl Leeser, Shankar Swaminathan, David Smith, Jeremiah Baldwin, Eashwar Ranganathan, Adrien LaVoie, Frank Pasquale, Jeongseok Ha, Ingi Bae
  • Patent number: 9966299
    Abstract: Systems and methods for depositing film in a substrate processing system includes performing a first atomic layer deposition (ALD) cycle in a processing chamber to deposit film on a substrate including a feature; after the first ALD cycle, exposing the substrate to an inhibitor plasma in the processing chamber for a predetermined period to create a varying passivated surface in the feature; and after the predetermined period, performing a second ALD cycle in the processing chamber to deposit film on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Wei Tang, Bart Van Schravendijk, Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Deenesh Padhi, David C. Smith
  • Publication number: 20180068833
    Abstract: A substrate processing system for depositing film on a substrate includes a processing chamber defining a reaction volume. A showerhead includes a stem portion having one end connected adjacent to an upper surface of the processing chamber. A base portion is connected to an opposite end of the stem portion and extends radially outwardly from the stem portion. The showerhead is configured to introduce at least one of process gas and purge gas into the reaction volume. A plasma generator is configured to selectively generate RF plasma in the reaction volume. An edge tuning system includes a collar and a parasitic plasma reducing element that is located around the stem portion between the collar and an upper surface of the showerhead. The parasitic plasma reducing element is configured to reduce parasitic plasma between the showerhead and the upper surface of the processing chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2017
    Publication date: March 8, 2018
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Shankar Swaminathan, Jun Qian, Chloe Baldasseroni, Frank Pasquale, Andrew Duvall, Ted Minshall, Jennifer Petraglia, Karl Leeser, David Smith, Sesha Varadarajan, Edward Augustyniak, Douglas Keil
  • Patent number: 9899195
    Abstract: Systems and methods for operating a substrate processing system include processing a substrate arranged on a substrate support in a processing chamber. At least one of precursor gas and/or reactive gas is supplied during the processing. The substrate is removed from the processing chamber. Carrier gas and purge gas are selectively supplied to the processing chamber. RF plasma is generated in the processing chamber during N cycles, where N is an integer greater than one. The RF plasma is on for a first period and off for a second period during each of the N cycles. The purge gas is supplied during at least part of each of the N cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie
  • Patent number: 9870917
    Abstract: A process tuning kit for use in a chemical deposition apparatus wherein the process tuning kit includes a carrier ring, horseshoes and shims. The horseshoes have the same dimensions and the shims are provided in sets with different thicknesses to control the height of the horseshoes with respect to an upper surface of a pedestal assembly on which the horseshoes and shims are mounted. A semiconductor substrate is transported into a vacuum chamber of the chemical deposition apparatus by the carrier ring which is placed on the horseshoes such that minimum contact area supports lift the substrate from the carrier ring and support the substrate at a predetermined offset with respect to an upper surface of the pedestal assembly. During processing of the substrate, backside deposition can be reduced by using shims of desired thickness to control the predetermined offset.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hu Kang, Ishtak Karim, Purushottam Kumar, Jun Qian, Ramesh Chandrasekharan, Adrien LaVoie
  • Publication number: 20180010250
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods of depositing films of material on multiple semiconductor substrates in a multi-station processing chamber. The methods may include loading a first set of one or more substrates into the processing chamber at a first set of one or more process stations and depositing film material onto the first set of substrates by performing N cycles of film deposition. Thereafter, the methods may further include transferring the first set of substrates from the first set of process stations to a second set of one or more process stations, loading a second set of one or more substrates at the first set of process stations, and depositing film material onto the first and second sets of substrates by performing N? cycles of film deposition, wherein N? is not equal to N. Also disclosed are apparatuses and computer-readable media which may be used to perform similar operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2017
    Publication date: January 11, 2018
    Inventors: Romuald Nowak, Hu Kang, Adrien LaVoie, Jun Qian
  • Publication number: 20170362705
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for controlling precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool are disclosed. A method may include flowing gas through a gas line, opening an ampoule valve(s), before a dose step, to start a flow of precursor from the ampoule to a process chamber through the gas line, closing the ampoule valve(s) to stop the precursor from flowing out of the ampoule, opening a process chamber valve, at the beginning of the dose step, to allow the flow of precursor to enter the process chamber, and closing the process chamber valve, at the end of the dose step, to stop the flow of precursor from entering the process chamber. A controller may include at least one memory and at least one processor and the at least one memory may store instructions for controlling the at least one processor to control precursor flow in a semiconductor processing tool.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2015
    Publication date: December 21, 2017
    Inventors: Purushottam Kumar, Adrien LaVoie, Jun Qian, Hu Kang, Ishtak Karim, Fung Suong Ou