Patents by Inventor Li Su

Li Su has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220141895
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to techniques for supporting narrowband device-to-device wireless communication, including possible techniques for performing discovery in an off grid radio system. According to some embodiments, a wireless device may determine a number of synchronization signal repetitions to use for a narrowband device-to-device transmission. The wireless device may perform the transmission, including transmitting the determined number of synchronization signal repetitions. The transmission may include an indication of the number of synchronization signal repetitions used in the transmission.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2022
    Publication date: May 5, 2022
    Inventor: Li Su
  • Publication number: 20220122893
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes forming a fin structure over a substrate, forming a sacrificial gate structure over the fin structure, and etching a source/drain (S/D) region of the fin structure to form an S/D recess. The fin structure includes first semiconductor layers and second semiconductor layers alternately stacked. The method further includes depositing an insulating dielectric layer in the S/D recess, depositing an etch protection layer over a bottom portion of the insulating dielectric layer, and partially removing the insulating dielectric layer. The method further includes growing an epitaxial S/D feature in the S/D recess. The bottom portion of the insulating dielectric layer interposes the epitaxial S/D feature and the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2021
    Publication date: April 21, 2022
    Inventors: Bo-Yu Lai, Jyun-Chih Lin, Yen-Ting Chen, Wei-Yang Lee, Chia-Pin Lin, Wei Hao Lu, Li-Li Su
  • Patent number: 11296080
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes: a first fin and a second fin extending from a substrate and an epitaxial source/drain region. The epitaxial source/drain region includes a first portion grown on the first fin and a second portion grown on the second fin, and the first portion and the second portion are joined at a merging boundary. The epitaxial source/drain region further includes a first subregion extending from a location level with a highest point of the epitaxial source/drain region to a location level with a highest point of the merging boundary, a second subregion extending from the location level with the highest point of the merging boundary to a location level with a lowest point of the merging boundary, and a third subregion extending from the location level with the lowest point of the merging boundary to a location level with a top surface of an STI region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wei Hao Lu, Yi-Fang Pai, Cheng-Wen Cheng, Li-Li Su, Chien-I Kuo
  • Patent number: 11284437
    Abstract: A device (e.g. a wireless communication device) may determine, according to a set of guidelines, a list that includes system information to be requested by the device as part of a system information request procedure. The device may determine whether to combine the system information request with an additional request associated with a random access procedure (RACH). In response to determining that the requests are to be combined, the device may initiate a unified RACH that combines the system information request and the additional request. The decision to combine the requests may be based on the type of the additional request, whether the list has been completed by the time the additional request is to be issued, and/or additional factors associated with wireless communications of the device. The system information request may be an OnDemand system information block request, and the RACH may be contention-based or contention-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Li Su, Sethuraman Gurumoorthy, Muthukumaran Dhanapal
  • Publication number: 20220086814
    Abstract: A downlink control information (DCI), such as a blanking DCI (bDCI) message may be transmitted by a base station (e.g., eNB) and received by a mobile device (e.g., UE). The bDCI may indicate that the eNB will not transmit a subsequent DCI to the UE for a duration of time. The UE may be in continuous reception mode or connected discontinuous reception (C-DRX) mode. The UE may therefore determine to enter a sleep state or take other action. The bDCI may specify an explicit blanking duration, or an index indicating a blanking duration from a lookup table, and/or the blanking duration (and/or a blanking duration offset value) may be determined in advance, e.g., semi-statically. When the UE is in C-DRX mode, the UE may be configured such that either the sleep/wake period of the C-DRX mode or the blanking period of the bDCI may take precedence over the other.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2021
    Publication date: March 17, 2022
    Inventors: Johnson O. Sebeni, Yang Li, Zhu Ji, Yuchul Kim, Wei Zeng, Dawei Zhang, Haijing Hu, Xiangying Yang, Li Su
  • Patent number: 11277817
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to techniques for efficient idle mode wakeup for wireless devices supporting an enhanced coverage mode and a normal coverage mode in a wireless communication system. A wireless device may camp on a cellular base station in idle mode. The wireless device may monitor a control channel associated with the normal coverage mode during a paging occasion. The wireless device may also monitor a control channel associated with the enhanced coverage mode during the paging occasion if a paging indication is not successfully decoded on the control channel associated with the normal coverage mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Li Su, Sami M. Almalfouh, Jianxiong Shi
  • Patent number: 11265940
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to techniques for supporting narrowband device-to-device wireless communication, including possible techniques for performing discovery in an off grid radio system. According to some embodiments, a wireless device may determine a number of synchronization signal repetitions to use for a narrowband device-to-device transmission. The wireless device may perform the transmission, including transmitting the determined number of synchronization signal repetitions. The transmission may include an indication of the number of synchronization signal repetitions used in the transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Li Su
  • Publication number: 20220061024
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for coverage improvements in wireless communication devices. A wireless communication device may be configured to selectively receive one of a plurality of paging signals, or a portion thereof, based on measured or expected coverage quality of communications from a base station. In some scenarios, the wireless communication device may provide an indication to the base station of which paging signal the wireless communication device will attempt to receive, such that the base station may include paging information directed to that UE only in the indicated paging signal. In some scenarios, the base station may include paging information directed to that UE in a plurality of paging signals, each of the paging signals including a different number of repetitions of the paging information. In some scenarios, the UE may receive only a portion of a paging signal including a plurality of repetitions of the paging information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2021
    Publication date: February 24, 2022
    Inventors: Haitong Sun, Dawei Zhang, Li Su, Tarik Tabet, Wei Zeng, Yuchul Kim
  • Patent number: 11251559
    Abstract: A connector for a photovoltaic cell includes a conductive portion and an insulating portion, wherein the conductive portion is wrapped with the insulating portion; the conductive portion includes a conductor and a cable line, and a retaining ring is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the conductor; the insulating portion includes a shell body, a basket-shaped fastener and a front sleeve; a first inner step surface and a second inner step surface are arranged in an inner cavity of the shell body; the front sleeve has an annular head part which sleeves the conductor; a first outer step surface is arranged at a tail part of the front sleeve, and props against the first inner step surface; the inner diameter of the head part of the front sleeve is larger than the outer diameter of the conductor and less than the outer diameter of the retaining ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: ZHEJIANG RENHE PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Lijun Duan, Li Su
  • Publication number: 20220029001
    Abstract: A method includes forming a first semiconductor fin and a second semiconductor fin in an n-type Fin Field-Effect (FinFET) region and a p-type FinFET region, respectively, forming a first dielectric fin and a second dielectric fin in the n-type FinFET region and the p-type FinFET region, respectively, forming a first epitaxy mask to cover the second semiconductor fin and the second dielectric fin, performing a first epitaxy process to form an n-type epitaxy region based on the first semiconductor fin, removing the first epitaxy mask, forming a second epitaxy mask to cover the n-type epitaxy region and the first dielectric fin, performing a second epitaxy process to form a p-type epitaxy region based on the second semiconductor fin, and removing the second epitaxy mask. After the second epitaxy mask is removed, a portion of the second epitaxy mask is left on the first dielectric fin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2021
    Publication date: January 27, 2022
    Inventors: Chih-Chiang Chang, Ming-Hua Yu, Li-Li Su
  • Publication number: 20220015183
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to performing implicit radio resource control state transitions in a cellular communication system. A wireless device may establish a radio resource control (RRC) connection with a cellular base station. A data inactivity timer length and a target RRC state for implicit RRC transitions may be determined. A data inactivity timer having the determined data inactivity timer length may be initiated. It may be determined that the data inactivity timer has expired. The wireless device may transition to the target RRC state based at least in part on determining that the data inactivity timer has expired.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2021
    Publication date: January 13, 2022
    Inventors: Sethuraman Gurumoorthy, Srirang A. Lovlekar, Murtaza A. Shikari, Srinivasan Nimmala, Haijing Hu, Fangli Xu, Yuqin Chen, Longda Xing, Xu Ou, Li Su, Vijay Venkataraman, Dawei Zhang, Muthukumaran Dhanapal, Sree Ram Kodali, Srinivas Burugupalli
  • Patent number: 11224089
    Abstract: A user equipment (UE) is configured to connect to a primary cell serving a primary component carrier (PCC) in the licensed spectrum and a secondary cell serving a secondary component carrier (SCC) in an unlicensed spectrum. The UE is configured with a Connected Discontinuous Reception (C-DRX) functionality including an onDuration. The UE determines a first duration based on an amount of time between when a first operation related to an exchange of data over the SCC is to be performed and when the exchange of data over the SCC is likely to occur, determines whether the exchange of data over the SCC is likely to occur during the onDuration based on the first duration and when the exchange of data is unlikely to occur during the onDuration, delays when the first operation is to be performed to cause the exchange of data over the SCC to occur during the onDuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Muthukumaran Dhanapal, Li Su, Beibei Wang
  • Patent number: 11218970
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed relating to wireless transmission energy budgets. In some embodiments, an apparatus is configured to determine wireless transmission energy budget for a plurality of time periods. In some embodiments, the apparatus determines budget differently depending on whether it is in a thermal mode or a peak power mode. In some embodiments, the apparatus blanks scheduled wireless transmissions that intersect with the battery signal. In some embodiments, for a time interval subsequent to assertion of the battery signal, the apparatus operates in the peak power mode and determines energy budget for periods based on an amount of energy used for wireless transmissions in a most recent period in which transmissions were blanked in response to the battery signal. In some embodiments, in the thermal mode, the energy budget is based on thermal information for the apparatus, but may also allow carryover of unused budget from previous periods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Li Su
  • Publication number: 20210410030
    Abstract: Disclosed are embodiments for reducing likelihood of selecting a cell identified by a Radio Access Network (RAN) Notification Area ID (RNA ID) that is different from that identifying a last or current serving cell so as to avoid an RNA update procedure; reducing Random Access Channel (RACH) transmissions for an RNA update procedure and a mobile originated (MO) data transmission in response to a Radio Resource Control (RRC) triggered RNA update procedure; and selecting a band or beam in a multi-band/beam cellular system that improves RACH efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2020
    Publication date: December 30, 2021
    Inventors: Vijay Venkataraman, Muthukumaran Dhanapal, Li Su, Sharad Garg, Syed A. Rahim, Sandeep K. Sunkesala, Jia Tang, Vijay Gadde, Tarakkumar G. Dhanani, Muhammad Saad
  • Patent number: 11212697
    Abstract: Embodiments are presented herein of apparatuses, systems, and methods for a user equipment (UE) device to adaptively enhance the quality of service (QoS) configuration of a bearer of communications conducted over a cellular network between a UE application and a server. The UE may use various information, including a QoS profile associated with the application, to determine requested QoS parameters and/or whether the UE is permitted to request or access enhanced QoS functionality. The UE may then send a request to the cellular network indicating the requested QoS parameters, and the network may adjust the QoS configuration of the bearer in response. The UE and the network may perform routine QoS measurements and exchange information in order to adaptively maintain and optimize the QoS configuration. These techniques may tend to provide more appropriate QoS to the application, which may improve user experience.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Faraz Faheem, Jianxiong Shi, Li Su, Sreevalsan Vallath, Yingjie Zhao, Yaoqi Yan, Jishan Gao
  • Patent number: 11212790
    Abstract: A downlink control information (DCI), such as a blanking DCI (bDCI) message may be transmitted by a base station (e.g., eNB) and received by a mobile device (e.g., UE). The bDCI may indicate that the eNB will not transmit a subsequent DCI to the UE for a duration of time. The UE may be in continuous reception mode or connected discontinuous reception (C-DRX) mode. The UE may therefore determine to enter a sleep state or take other action. The bDCI may specify an explicit blanking duration, or an index indicating a blanking duration from a lookup table, and/or the blanking duration (and/or a blanking duration offset value) may be determined in advance, e.g., semi-statically. When the UE is in C-DRX mode, the UE may be configured such that either the sleep/wake period of the C-DRX mode or the blanking period of the bDCI may take precedence over the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Johnson O. Sebeni, Yang Li, Zhu Ji, Yuchul Kim, Wei Zeng, Dawei Zhang, Haijing Hu, Xiangying Yang, Li Su
  • Patent number: 11205713
    Abstract: An embodiment is a method including forming a raised portion of a substrate, forming fins on the raised portion of the substrate, forming an isolation region surrounding the fins, a first portion of the isolation region being on a top surface of the raised portion of the substrate between adjacent fins, forming a gate structure over the fins, and forming source/drain regions on opposing sides of the gate structure, wherein forming the source/drain regions includes epitaxially growing a first epitaxial layer on the fin adjacent the gate structure, etching back the first epitaxial layer, epitaxially growing a second epitaxial layer on the etched first epitaxial layer, and etching back the second epitaxial layer, the etched second epitaxial layer having a non-faceted top surface, the etched first epitaxial layer and the etched second epitaxial layer forming source/drain regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2021
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tzu-Ching Lin, Chien-I Kuo, Wei Te Chiang, Wei Hao Lu, Li-Li Su, Chii-Horng Li
  • Publication number: 20210391324
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes: a first fin and a second fin extending from a substrate and an epitaxial source/drain region. The epitaxial source/drain region includes a first portion grown on the first fin and a second portion grown on the second fin, and the first portion and the second portion are joined at a merging boundary. The epitaxial source/drain region further includes a first subregion extending from a location level with a highest point of the epitaxial source/drain region to a location level with a highest point of the merging boundary, a second subregion extending from the location level with the highest point of the merging boundary to a location level with a lowest point of the merging boundary, and a third subregion extending from the location level with the lowest point of the merging boundary to a location level with the lowest point of the epitaxial source/drain region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2020
    Publication date: December 16, 2021
    Inventors: Wei Hao Lu, Yi-Fang Pai, Cheng-Wen Cheng, Li-Li Su, Chien-I Kuo
  • Patent number: 11190971
    Abstract: Embodiments are presented herein of apparatuses, systems, and methods for a user equipment (UE) device to adaptively provide enhanced the quality of service (QoS) for an application. The UE may request a dedicated bearer or flow for communications conducted over a network between a UE application and a server associated with the application. The UE may use various information, including a QoS profile associated with the application, to determine requested QoS parameters and/or determine whether to provide the enhanced QoS functionality, e.g., whether to request the dedicated bearer/flow from the network. These techniques may tend to provide more appropriate QoS to the application, which may improve user experience.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yingjie Zhao, Li Su, Wenping Lou, Faraz Faheem, Jianxiong Shi, Sreevalsan Vallath
  • Patent number: 11191025
    Abstract: A user equipment device (UE) may implement improved communication methods which include radio resource time multiplexing, dynamic sub-frame allocation, and UE transmit duty cycle control. The UE may communicate with base stations using radio frames that include multiple sub-frames, transmit information regarding allocation of a portion of the sub-frames of a respective radio frame for each of a plurality of the radio frames, and transmit and receive data using allocated sub-frames and not using unallocated sub-frames. Additionally, the UE may operate according to a sub-frame allocation based on its current power state. The UE may transmit information to the base station and receive the sub-frame allocation based on at least the information and switch transmit duty cycles based on an occurrence of a condition at the UE. The UE may inform the network of the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Li Su, Stephan V. Schell, Jianxiong Shi, Sami M. Almalfouh