Patents by Inventor Martin E. Fermann

Martin E. Fermann has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190190224
    Abstract: In an example amplifier system, an input pulse train is passed through an optical stage that splits each pulse into two or more pulses. These divided pulses are then injected into at least two amplifiers for amplification. The amplified pulses are subsequently passed back through the same optical stage in order to combine the pulses back into one high energy pulse. The amplifier system can use time division multiplexing (TDM) and/or spatial division multiplexing (SDM) to produce, e.g., four pulses in conjunction with two amplifiers and propagation through two optical beam splitters, which are coherently combined into a single output pulse after amplification. The amplifiers can comprise fiber amplifiers or bulk amplifiers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2018
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Inventors: Kevin F. Lee, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 10256597
    Abstract: The invention describes classes of robust fiber laser systems usable as pulse sources for Nd: or Yb: based regenerative amplifiers intended for industrial settings. The invention modifies adapts and incorporates several recent advances in FCPA systems to use as the input source for this new class of regenerative amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Donald J. Harter, Gyu C. Cho, Zhenlin Liu, Martin E. Fermann, Xinhua Gu, Salvatore F. Nati, Lawrence Shah, Ingmar Hartl, Mark Bendett
  • Publication number: 20190079368
    Abstract: Systems and methods for stabilizing mid-infrared light generated by difference frequency mixing may include a mode locked Er fiber laser that generates pulses, which are split into a pump arm and a wavelength shifting, signal arm. Pump arm pulses are amplified in Er doped fiber. Shifting arm pulses are amplified in Er doped fiber and shifted to longer wavelengths in Raman-shifting fiber or highly nonlinear fiber, where they may be further amplified by Tm doped fiber, and then optionally further wavelength shifted. Pulses from the two arms can be combined in a nonlinear crystal such as orientation-patterned gallium phosphide, producing a mid-infrared difference frequency, as well as nonlinear combinations (e.g., sum frequency) having near infrared and visible wavelengths. Optical power stabilization can be achieved using two wavelength ranges with spectral filtering and multiple detectors acquiring information for feedback control. Controlled fiber bending can be used to stabilize optical power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Publication date: March 14, 2019
    Inventors: Kevin F. Lee, Martin E. Fermann
  • Publication number: 20190028203
    Abstract: Examples of systems and methods for integrated photonic broadband microwave transceivers are disclosed based on integrated coherent dual optical frequency combs. In some cases, when the system is configured as a transmitter, multiple radio frequency (RF) carriers can be generated, which can either be encoded independently, or used for broadcasting the same information into different bands. In some cases, when the system is configured as a receiver, the spectrum of the input signal can be sliced into several spectral segments for low-bandwidth detection and analysis. In some systems, the optics-related functionalities can be achieved via integrated optic technology, for example based on silicon photonics, providing tremendous possibilities for mass-production with significantly reduced system footprint.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2018
    Publication date: January 24, 2019
    Inventors: Naoya Kuse, Antoine Jean Gilbert Rolland, Yihan Li, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 10096962
    Abstract: By compensating polarization mode-dispersion as well chromatic dispersion in photonic crystal fiber pulse compressors, high pulse energies can be obtained from all-fiber chirped pulse amplification systems. By inducing third-order dispersion in fiber amplifiers via self-phase modulation, the third-order chromatic dispersion from bulk grating pulse compressors can be compensated and the pulse quality of hybrid fiber/bulk chirped pulse amplification systems can be improved. Finally, by amplifying positively chirped pulses in negative dispersion fiber amplifiers, a low noise wavelength tunable seed source via anti-Stokes frequency shifting can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventor: Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 10067289
    Abstract: Various embodiments include large cores fibers that can propagate few modes or a single mode while introducing loss to higher order modes. Some of these fibers are holey fibers that comprise cladding features such as air-holes. Additional embodiments described herein include holey rods. The rods and fibers may be used in many optical systems including optical amplification systems, lasers, short pulse generators, Q-switched lasers, etc. and may be used for example for micromachining.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Liang Dong, William Wong, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 10036850
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to polarizing optical fibers and polarization maintaining optical fibers, including active and/or passive implementations. An embodiment includes a polarizing (PZ) optical fiber that includes stress applying parts (SAPs) disposed in a first cladding region, the SAPs comprising a material with a thermal expansion coefficient, ?SAP. A core region is at least partially surrounded by cladding features and the SAPs. The core includes glass with a thermal expansion coefficient, ?core. The arrangement of the SAPs satisfies: Rsc=dSAP/Dsc, where Dsc is the SAP center to core center distance, and dSAP is the average SAP diameter, and d?=|?SAP??core|, and where Rsc and d? may be sufficiently large to induce stress birefringence into the core and to provide for polarized output. Active fibers in which a portion of the fiber is doped may be implemented for application in fiber lasers, fiber amplifiers, and/or optical pulse compressors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Shigeru Suzuki, Hugh A. McKay, Martin E. Fermann
  • Publication number: 20180180655
    Abstract: Systems and methods for precision phase noise measurements of radio frequency (RF) oscillators are provided. An RF signal under test can be modulated on a continuous wave (cw) laser carrier frequency via generation of modulation sidebands using an appropriate modulator. A photonic delay line can be implemented as a self-heterodyne detection system for the phase noise, allowing for photonic down-conversion of the phase noise measurement to direct current (DC). The self-heterodyne detection system allows detection outside of any 1/f noise issues. Ultra-low phase noise detection for RF frequencies in a range from below 1 GHz to beyond 100 GHz is enabled with a low noise floor in the whole frequency range. Higher-order modulation sidebands can further reduce the noise floor of the system. Ultra-low noise RF (microwave) output can be generated. The RF signal under test can be generated by a dielectric resonance oscillator or opto-electronic oscillator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2018
    Publication date: June 28, 2018
    Inventors: Naoya Kuse, Martin E. Fermann, Antoine Jean Gilbert Rolland
  • Publication number: 20180048113
    Abstract: Low phase noise radio frequency (RF) sources generated by voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs) are described. Optical modulators driven by a VCO may be used to generate optical side-bands to cw lasers. The spectral extent of said side-bands can be increased via frequency broadening in highly nonlinear waveguides. Free running mode locked low phase noise comb oscillators can be used as reference oscillators to generate beat signals between those side-bands and individual comb modes at distal spectral regions, thereby creating an error signal used to reduce the phase noise of VCOs and the generation of low phase noise RF signals. VCO phase noise may be reduced by using free-running modelocked comb lasers phase locked to external frequency references, by omitting a reference comb and using a nonlinear interferometer for generating an error signal, or by locking a slave comb to the modulation frequency of an intra-cavity modulator driven by the VCO.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2017
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Inventors: Martin E. Fermann, Naoya Kuse
  • Publication number: 20170343730
    Abstract: Various embodiments include large cores fibers that can propagate few modes or a single mode while introducing loss to higher order modes. Some of these fibers are holey fibers that comprise cladding features such as air-holes. Additional embodiments described herein include holey rods. The rods and fibers may be used in many optical systems including optical amplification systems, lasers, short pulse generators, Q-switched lasers, etc. and may be used for example for micromachining.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Publication date: November 30, 2017
    Inventors: Liang Dong, William Wong, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 9825419
    Abstract: In one aspect, the present disclosure describes a fiber laser system for the generation and delivery of femtosecond (fs) pulses in multiple wavelength ranges. For improved versatility in multi-photon microscopy, an example of a dual wavelength fiber system based on Nd fiber source providing gain at 920 and 1060 nm is described. An example of a three-wavelength system is included providing outputs at 780 nm, 940 nm, and 1050 nm. The systems include dispersion compensation so that high quality fs pulses are provided for applications in microscopy, for example in multiphoton microscope (MPM) systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Takashi Hori, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 9819141
    Abstract: Examples of robust self-starting passively mode locked fiber oscillators are described. In certain implementations, the oscillators are configured as Fabry-Perot cavities containing an optical loop mirror on one cavity end and a bulk mirror or saturable absorber on the other end. The loop mirror can be further configured with an adjustable line phase delay to optimize modelocking. All intra-cavity fiber(s) can be polarization maintaining. Dispersion compensation components such as, e.g., dispersion compensation fibers, bulk diffraction gratings or fiber Bragg gratings may be included. The oscillators may include a bandpass filter to obtain high pulse energies when operating in the similariton regime. The oscillator output can be amplified and used whenever high power short pulses are required. For example the oscillators can be configured as frequency comb sources or supercontinuum sources. In conjunction with repetition rate modulation, applications include dual scanning delay lines and trace gas detection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 9819142
    Abstract: A modular, compact and widely tunable laser system for the efficient generation of high peak and high average power ultrashort pulses. Peak power handling capability of fiber amplifiers is expanded by using optimized pulse shapes, as well as dispersively broadened pulses. Dispersive pulse stretching in the presence of self-phase modulation and gain results in the formation of high-power parabolic pulses. To ensure a wide tunability of the whole system, Raman-shifting of the compact sources of ultrashort pulses in conjunction with frequency-conversion in nonlinear optical crystals can be implemented, or an Anti-Stokes fiber in conjunction with fiber amplifiers and Raman-shifters are used. Positive dispersion optical amplifiers are used to improve transmission characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventor: Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 9787051
    Abstract: Compact optical frequency sources are described. The comb source may include an intra-cavity optical element having a multi-material integrated structure with an electrically controllable active region. The active region may comprise a thin film. By way of example, the thin film and an insulating dielectric material disposed between two electrodes can provide for rapid loss modulation. In some embodiments the thin film may comprise graphene. In various embodiments of a frequency comb laser, rapid modulation of the CEO frequency can be implemented via electric modulation of the transmission or reflection loss of an additional optical element, which can be the saturable absorber itself. In another embodiment, the thin film can also be used as a saturable absorber in order to facilitate passive modelocking. In some implementations the optical element may be formed on a cleaved or polished end of an optical fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignees: The Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Martin E. Fermann, Thomas R. Schibli, Ingmar Hartl
  • Publication number: 20170271838
    Abstract: A modular, compact and widely tunable laser system for the efficient generation of high peak and high average power ultrashort pulses. Peak power handling capability of fiber amplifiers is expanded by using optimized pulse shapes, as well as dispersively broadened pulses. Dispersive pulse stretching in the presence of self-phase modulation and gain results in the formation of high-power parabolic pulses. To ensure a wide tunability of the whole system, Raman-shifting of the compact sources of ultrashort pulses in conjunction with frequency-conversion in nonlinear optical crystals can be implemented, or an Anti-Stokes fiber in conjunction with fiber amplifiers and Raman-shifters are used. Positive dispersion optical amplifiers are used to improve transmission characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Publication date: September 21, 2017
    Applicant: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventor: Martin E. FERMANN
  • Patent number: 9698559
    Abstract: The invention relates to scanning pulsed laser systems for optical imaging. Coherent dual scanning laser systems (CDSL) are disclosed and some applications thereof. Various alternatives for implementation are illustrated, including highly integrated configurations. In at least one embodiment a coherent dual scanning laser system (CDSL) includes two passively modelocked fiber oscillators. The oscillators are configured to operate at slightly different repetition rates, such that a difference ?fr in repetition rates is small compared to the values fr1 and fr2 of the repetition rates of the oscillators. The CDSL system also includes a non-linear frequency conversion section optically connected to each oscillator. The section includes a non-linear optical element generating a frequency converted spectral output having a spectral bandwidth and a frequency comb comprising harmonics of the oscillator repetition rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Martin E. Fermann, Ingmar Hartl
  • Publication number: 20170187161
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to the design of fiber frequency comb lasers with low carrier phase noise. Examples of these low carrier phase noise oscillators can be constructed from both soliton and dispersion compensated fiber lasers via the use of intra-cavity amplitude modulators such as graphene modulators. In low carrier phase noise dispersion compensated fiber frequency comb lasers, graphene and/or bulk modulators can further be used, for example, for phase locking of one comb line to an external continuous wave (cw) reference laser via high bandwidth control of the repetition rate of the comb laser via the graphene modulator. As a result a low phase noise radio frequency (RF) signal can be generated. In some implementations, a frequency comb exhibiting phase noise suppression of at least about 10 dB over a frequency range up to about 100 kHz is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Publication date: June 29, 2017
    Inventors: Martin E. Fermann, Naoya Kuse, Kevin F. Lee
  • Publication number: 20170179676
    Abstract: The invention describes classes of robust fiber laser systems usable as pulse sources for Nd: or Yb: based regenerative amplifiers intended for industrial settings. The invention modifies adapts and incorporates several recent advances in FCPA systems to use as the input source for this new class of regenerative amplifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Publication date: June 22, 2017
    Applicant: IMRA AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Donald J. HARTER, Gyu C. CHO, Zhenlin LIU, Martin E. FERMANN, Xinhua GU, Salvatore F. NATI, Lawrence SHAH, Ingmar HARTL, Mark BENDETT
  • Patent number: 9664849
    Abstract: Various embodiments include large cores fibers that can propagate few modes or a single mode while introducing loss to higher order modes. Some of these fibers are holey fibers that comprise cladding features such as air-holes. Additional embodiments described herein include holey rods. The rods and fibers may be used in many optical systems including optical amplification systems, lasers, short pulse generators, Q-switched lasers, etc. and may be used for example for micromachining.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Liang Dong, William Wong, Martin E. Fermann
  • Patent number: 9653868
    Abstract: Modelocked fiber laser resonators may be coupled with optical amplifiers. An isolator optionally may separate the resonator from the amplifier. A reflective optical element on one end of the resonator having a relatively low reflectivity may be employed to couple light from the resonator to the amplifier. Enhanced pulse-width control may be provided with concatenated sections of both polarization-maintaining and non-polarization-maintaining fibers. Apodized fiber Bragg gratings and integrated fiber polarizers may also be included in the laser cavity to assist in linearly polarizing the output of the cavity. Very short pulses with a large optical bandwidth may be obtained by matching the dispersion value of the grating to the inverse of the dispersion of the intra-cavity fiber. Frequency comb sources may be constructed from such modelocked fiber oscillators. Low dispersion and an in-line interferometer that provides feedback may assist in controlling the frequency components output from the comb source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin E. Fermann, Ingmar Hartl, Gennady Imeshev