Patents by Inventor Ting-Kuang Chiang

Ting-Kuang Chiang has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9729946
    Abstract: Consistent with the present disclosure, an optical switch is provided that switches multiple wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) optical signals. Each of the WDM signals includes optical signals having the same wavelengths. The WDM signals are supplied to optical splitters, which supply power split portions of the WDM signals to corresponding optical gates. Groups of the optical gates are associated with a corresponding switching block, which may include a cyclical arrayed waveguide grating (AWG), and the optical gates within each group are controlled so that one gate passes a received WDM signal portion while the remaining optical gates in the group are in a blocking configuration. As a result, the WDM portion received by the non-blocking gate is demultiplexed in the switching block and each of the wavelength components that constitute the selected WDM portion are supplied to corresponding outputs within the switching block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Curtis Villamizar
  • Patent number: 9231798
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention analyze a plurality of parallel channels and identify specific channel(s) that have skew outside of an acceptable skew error margin. In certain embodiments, this skew is identified by determining the timing misalignment between a channel under test and a deskew channel. Other channels within the plurality of channels are masked by transmitting a repeating masked bit pattern. This timing misalignment may be measured by comparing a segment within the channel under test to a corresponding segment within the deskew channel and identifying a time differential between the two segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Ting-Kuang Chiang, Prasad Paranjape, Michael D. Jarchi, Mallikarjun Chillal
  • Patent number: 8848720
    Abstract: A propagation delay in the transmission of a frame from an initiator node to a peer node is determined by initially identifying a frame number and byte offset of a first incoming frame from the peer node at a time when the initiator node outputs a portion of a transmitted frame. The portion of the transmitted frame may be the first byte of a sub-frame within the transmitted frame. At the peer node, the frame number and byte offset of a second frame to be supplied to the initiator node is identified at a later time when the frame portion transmitted by the initiator node is received by the peer node, and such information is transmitted to the initiator node. Thus, since the frames output and received by the initiator node are typically of fixed duration, the frame number and byte offset of the incoming frame represent the time when the initiator node outputs the frame portion (a transmit time).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Vinod Narippatta, Edward E. Sprague, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Chung Kuang Chin
  • Patent number: 8705402
    Abstract: Consistent with the present disclosure, client data, which may include multiplexed data sub-streams, is supplied to an ingress node of a network. Each sub-stream typically has a corresponding data rate, i.e., an original data rate, prior to multiplexing. The client data is encapsulated in a plurality of successive frames that are output from the ingress node and propagate, typically through one or more intermediate nodes, to an egress node. At the egress node, data rates associated with the sub-streams included in each frame are determined based on the amount of client data in each frame. The data rates are then averaged over a given number of frames to thereby filter any wander or deviation in the client data rate. Based on the averaged data rate, justification opportunities are added to the client data in each sub-stream, which are then multiplexed into frames that are output from the egress node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Tulasi Veguru, Gopal Rao, Prasad Paranjape, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Konstantin Saunichev
  • Patent number: 8660020
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention compensate for skew across a wavelength division multiplexed network. The network is a wavelength division multiplexed optical transport network. The skew compensation can be performed electrically or optically. It can be performed on the transmission side of the network, the receiver side of the network or at any intermediary node on the network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, David F. Welch, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Edward E. Sprague, Parthiban Kandappan, Stephen G. Grubb, Prasad Paranjape
  • Patent number: 8521020
    Abstract: A forward error correction (FEC) communication device that includes a transmitter photonic integrated circuit (TxPIC) or a receiver photonic integrated circuit (RxPIC) and a FEC device for FEC coding at least one channel with a first error rate and at least one additional channel with a second error rate, wherein the first error rate is greater than the second error rate. The TxPIC chip is a monolithic multi-channel chip having an array of modulated sources integrated on the chip, each operating at a different wavelength, wherein at least one of the modulated sources is modulated with a respective FEC encoded signal. The TxPIC also includes an integrated wavelength selective combiner for combining the channels for transport over an optical link.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Welch, Drew D. Perkins, Fred A. Kish, Jr., Ting-Kuang Chiang
  • Patent number: 8446906
    Abstract: A method includes receiving client data; extracting overhead data from the client data; mapping the client data into one or more frames, where each of the one or more frames has a frame payload section and a frame overhead section, where the client data is mapped into the frame payload section of the one or more frames; inserting the overhead data into the frame overhead section of the one or more frames; transporting the one or more frames across a network; extracting the overhead data from the frame overhead section of the one or more frames; recovering the client data from the one or more frames; inserting the extracted overhead data into the recovered client data to create modified client data; and outputting the modified client data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Edward E. Sprague, Radhakrishna Valiveti, Jan Bialkowski, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Biao Lu, Rajan Rao, Parthiban Kandappan
  • Patent number: 8442040
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system, apparatus and method for modularly adapting a network node architecture to function in one of a plurality of potential node types. The architecture includes a configurable switching element, integrated optics, and a plurality of modules that allow a “type” of node to be adapted and configured within the base architecture. The module interfaces may be optical or electrical and be used to construct various different types of nodes including regenerators, add/drop nodes, terminal nodes, and multi-way nodes using the same base architecture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Marco E. Sosa, Mark Yin, Edward E. Sprague
  • Patent number: 8411708
    Abstract: A network may include an ingress node that is configured to receive a client signal having a client rate that is one of a multiple different client rates, asynchronously map the client signal into a first frame of a first rate, asynchronously map the first frame into a second frame of a second rate, and output the second frame on the network; an intermediate node that is configured to receive the second frame, recover the first frame from the second frame, asynchronously map the first frame into a third frame of a third rate, and output the third frame on the network, where the intermediate node does not recover the client signal from the first frame; and an egress node that is configured to receive the third frame, recover the first frame from the third frame, recover the client signal from the first frame, and output the client signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Ting-Kuang Chiang, Edward E. Sprague
  • Patent number: 8359500
    Abstract: Consistent with the present disclosure, circuitry may be provided in an optical receiver that can determine a bit error rate (BER) associated with an incoming signal by dividing the number of errored bits in a frame alignment signals (FAS) by the number of bits in the FAS. Accordingly, although an optical signal may be severely degraded and forward error correction (FEC) cannot be performed, a BER may be obtained if the FAS can be identified. The BER can then be used in a feedback loop to control various optical or electrical components in the receiver to improve or reduce the BER to a level, for example, at which FEC can be performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Jan Bialkowski, Satish K. Sridharan, Ting-Kuang Chiang
  • Patent number: 8300994
    Abstract: A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) chip comprising an array of modulated sources, each providing a modulated signal output at a channel wavelength different from the channel wavelength of other modulated sources and a wavelength selective combiner having an input optically coupled to received all the signal outputs from the modulated sources and provide a combined output signal on an output waveguide from the chip. The modulated sources, combiner and output waveguide are all integrated on the same chip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Welch, Vincent G. Dominic, Fred A. Kish, Jr., Mark J. Missey, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Atul Mathur, Frank H. Peters, Robert B. Taylor, Matthew L. Mitchell, Alan C. Nilsson, Stephen G. Grubb, Richard P. Schneider, Charles H. Joyner, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Marco E. Sosa
  • Patent number: 8274892
    Abstract: A transmission network includes network elements which accept client signals to be transported over a transmission network, particularly an optical transmission network, each of the client signals having one of a plurality of payload rates. The client signals are digitally mapped into first transport frames and, subsequently, digitally mapped into second transport frames for transport across the network infrastructure. The second transport frames having a universal frame rate throughout the transmission network infrastructure supporting a client signal of any frequency, whether the client signal includes a standard client payload or a proprietary client payload.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Ting-Kuang Chiang, Drew D. Perkins, Edward E. Sprague, Daniel P. Murphy
  • Patent number: 8259703
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention determine skew relative to a plurality of communication paths on a network system. The network is a wavelength division multiplexed optical transport network. The plurality of communication paths involves different signal and path attributes such as a plurality of carrier wavelengths, optical carrier groups, physical communication paths (different nodes, different fibers along a same path, or any combination of the foregoing), or any other differentiating factors between two paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, David F. Welch, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Edward E. Sprague, Parthiban Kandappan, Steven G. Grubb, Prasad Paranjape, Biao Lu
  • Patent number: 8175113
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention route a wavelength division multiplexed signal across multiple communication paths using skew characteristics of at least some of the communication paths. The network is a wavelength division multiplexed optical transport network. The plurality of communication paths involves different signal and path attributes such as a plurality of carrier wavelengths, optical carrier groups, physical communication paths (different nodes, different fibers along a same path, or any combination of the foregoing), or any other differentiating factors between two paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, David F. Welch, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Charles H. Joyner, Edward E. Sprague, Parthiban Kandappan, Stephen Grubb, Prasad Paranjape
  • Patent number: 8111685
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention route a wavelength division multiplexed signal across multiple communication paths using skew characteristics of at least some of the communication paths. The network is a wavelength division multiplexed optical transport network. The plurality of communication paths involves different signal and path attributes such as a plurality of carrier wavelengths, optical carrier groups, physical communication paths (different nodes, different fibers along a same path, or any combination of the foregoing), or any other differentiating factors between two paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: Drew D. Perkins, David F. Welch, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Edward E. Sprague, Parthiban Kandappan, Stephen G. Grubb, Prasad Paranjape
  • Publication number: 20110249936
    Abstract: A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) chip comprising an array of modulated sources, each providing a modulated signal output at a channel wavelength different from the channel wavelength of other modulated sources and a wavelength selective combiner having an input optically coupled to received all the signal outputs from the modulated sources and provide a combined output signal on an output waveguide from the chip. The modulated sources, combiner and output waveguide are all integrated on the same chip.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Inventors: David F. Welch, Vincent G. Dominic, Fred A. Kish, JR., Mark J. Missey, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Atul Mathur, Frank H. Peters, Robert B. Taylor, Matthew L. Mitchell, Alan C. Nilsson, Stephen G. Grubb, Richard P. Schneider, Charles H. Joyner, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Marco E. Sosa
  • Publication number: 20110235646
    Abstract: A propagation delay in the transmission of a frame from an initiator node to a peer node is determined by initially identifying a frame number and byte offset of a first incoming frame from the peer node at a time when the initiator node outputs a portion of a transmitted frame. The portion of the transmitted frame may be the first byte of a sub-frame within the transmitted frame. At the peer node, the frame number and byte offset of a second frame to be supplied to the initiator node is identified at a later time when the frame portion transmitted by the initiator node is received by the peer node, and such information is transmitted to the initiator node. Thus, since the frames output and received by the initiator node are typically of fixed duration, the frame number and byte offset of the incoming frame represent the time when the initiator node outputs the frame portion (a transmit time).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: Vinod Narippatta, Edward E. Sprague, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Chung Kuang Chin
  • Patent number: 7983559
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide an optical port that can be configured to support either high speed or low speed optical signals. In particular, these embodiments comprise a switch that defines a data-rate dependent path between the front-end optics of a network node and internal processing electronic modules. As a result, either high speed or low speed pluggable adapters may be inserted within a port and supported by the processing electronic modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventor: Ting-Kuang Chiang
  • Publication number: 20110158229
    Abstract: Consistent with the present disclosure, client data, which may include multiplexed data sub-streams, is supplied to an ingress node of a network. Each sub-stream typically has a corresponding data rate, i.e., an original data rate, prior to multiplexing. The client data is encapsulated in a plurality of successive frames that are output from the ingress node and propagate, typically through one or more intermediate nodes, to an egress node. At the egress node, data rates associated with the sub-streams included in each frame are determined based on the amount of client data in each frame. The data rates are then averaged over a given number of frames to thereby filter any wander or deviation in the client data rate. Based on the averaged data rate, justification opportunities are added to the client data in each sub-stream, which are then multiplexed into frames that are output from the egress node.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventors: Tulasi Veguru, Gopal Rao, Prasad Paranjape, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Konstantin Saunichev
  • Patent number: 7885492
    Abstract: A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) chip comprising an array of modulated sources, each providing a modulated signal output at a channel wavelength different from the channel wavelength of other modulated sources and a wavelength selective combiner having an input optically coupled to received all the signal outputs from the modulated sources and provide a combined output signal on an output waveguide from the chip. The modulated sources, combiner and output waveguide are all integrated on the same chip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Infinera Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Welch, Vincent G. Dominic, Fred A. Kish, Jr., Mark J. Missey, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Atul Mathur, Frank H. Peters, Robert B. Taylor, Matthew L. Mitchell, Alan C. Nilsson, Stephen G. Grubb, Richard P. Schneider, Charles H. Joyner, Ting-Kuang Chiang, Marco E. Sosa