Group Iva Or Ivb (ti, Zr, Hf, Ge, Sn, Pb) Patents (Class 106/287.19)
  • Patent number: 10431759
    Abstract: Disclosed is an electron transport layer for a flexible perovskite solar cell. The electron transport layer includes transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles. The titanium dioxide particles are densely packed in the electron transport layer. The electron transport layer is transparent. The use of the electron transport layer enables the fabrication of a flexible perovskite solar cell with high power conversion efficiency. Also disclosed is a flexible perovskite solar cell employing the electron transport layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Min Jae Ko, Jin Joo, Hae Jung Son, Jai Kyeong Kim, Doh-Kwon Lee, Inyoung Jeong
  • Patent number: 10411183
    Abstract: A composition for forming a PZT-based piezoelectric film formed of Mn-doped composite metal oxides is provided, the composition including: PZT-based precursors containing metal atoms configuring the composite metal oxides; a diol; and polyvinylpyrrolidone, in which when a metal atom ratio in the composition is shown as Pb:Mn:Zr:Ti, the PZT-based precursors are contained so that a metal atom ratio of Pb is satisfied to be from 1.00 to 1.20, a metal atom ratio of Mn is satisfied to be equal to or greater than 0.002 and less than 0.05, a metal atom ratio of Zr is satisfied to be from 0.40 to 0.55, a metal atom ratio of Ti is satisfied to be from 0.45 to 0.60, and the total of Zr and Ti in a metal atom ratio is 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshihiro Doi, Hideaki Sakurai, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Patent number: 10401339
    Abstract: Methods comprising the steps of contacting a surface with a liquid composition comprising a cleaning agent, an adhesion promoter, and at least one dye, the surface having a first surface contamination; transitioning at least one portion of the surface in the first surface contamination state to a second surface contamination state and simultaneously distributing the at least one dye and at least one adhesion promoter on the surface associated with the second surface contamination state, the second surface contamination state having reduced or eliminated surface contamination, the transitioning step simultaneously cleaning and preparing the at least one portion of the surface for adhesion to another material; and identifying remaining surface in the first surface contamination state, and compositions adapted for the method thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Binil Itty Ipe Kandapallil, Carissa Ann Pajel, Dion Paul Coleman, Darrin Michael Hansen, Judith A. Werner
  • Patent number: 10112872
    Abstract: A composition used for forming a PZT-based piezoelectric film formed of Mn and Nb co-doped composite metal oxides is provided, in which the composition includes PZT-based precursors so that a metal atom ratio (Pb:Mn:Nb:Zr:Ti) in the composition satisfies (1.00 to 1.25):(0.002 to 0.056):(0.002 to 0.056):(0.40 to 0.60):(0.40 to 0.60), a rate of Mn is from 0.20 to 0.80 when the total of metal atom rates of Mn and Nb is 1, a rate of Zr is from 0.40 to 0.60 when the total of metal atom rates of Zr and Ti is 1, and the total rate of Zr and Ti is from 0.9300 to 0.9902 when the total of metal atom rates of Mn, Nb, Zr, and Ti is 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshihiro Doi, Hideaki Sakurai, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Patent number: 9969651
    Abstract: A functional ink that includes a precursor sol-gel solution and a solvent is provided. The precursor sol-gel solution is used for forming an oxide dielectric film having a perovskite structure represented by a general formula ABO3, and has been subjected to a partial hydrolysis process in which a viscosity change resulting from the partial hydrolysis process is controlled to be less than or equal to 50%, and water contained in the precursor sol-gel solution is controlled to be greater than or equal to 0.50 times and less than or equal to 10 times by molar ratio with respect to a B site atom contained in the precursor sol-gel solution. The functional ink has a metal oxide concentration and a viscosity that renders the functional ink suitable for being discharged from a nozzle of a liquid droplet discharge apparatus included in a thin film fabrication apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Takeuchi, Osamu Machida, Akira Shimofuku
  • Patent number: 9950959
    Abstract: A composition used for forming a PZT-based piezoelectric film formed of Mn and Nb co-doped composite metal oxides is provided, in which the composition includes PZT-based precursors so that a metal atom ratio (Pb:Mn:Nb:Zr:Ti) in the composition satisfies (1.00 to 1.25):(0.002 to 0.056):(0.002 to 0.056):(0.40 to 0.60):(0.40 to 0.60), a rate of Mn is from 0.20 to 0.80 when the total of metal atom rates of Mn and Nb is 1, a rate of Zr is from 0.40 to 0.60 when the total of metal atom rates of Zr and Ti is 1, and the total rate of Zr and Ti is from 0.9300 to 0.9902 when the total of metal atom rates of Mn, Nb, Zr, and Ti is 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshihiro Doi, Hideaki Sakurai, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Patent number: 9856581
    Abstract: Preparation of semiconductor nanocrystals and their dispersions in solvents and other media is described. The nanocrystals described herein have small (1-10 nm) particle size with minimal aggregation and can be synthesized with high yield. The capping agents on the as-synthesized nanocrystals as well as nanocrystals which have undergone cap exchange reactions result in the formation of stable suspensions in polar and nonpolar solvents which may then result in the formation of high quality nanocomposite films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: PIXELLIGENT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Zehra Serpil Gonen Williams, Yijun Wang, Robert J. Wiacek, Xia Bai, Linfeng Gou, Selina I. Thomas, Wei Xu, Jun Xu, Rakesh Patel
  • Patent number: 9617657
    Abstract: Preparation of semiconductor nanocrystals and their dispersions in solvents and other media is described. The nanocrystals described herein have small (1-10 nm) particle size with minimal aggregation and can be synthesized with high yield. The capping agents on the as-synthesized nanocrystals as well as nanocrystals which have undergone cap exchange reactions result in the formation of stable suspensions in polar and nonpolar solvents which may then result in the formation of high quality nanocomposite films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: PIXELLIGENT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Wei Xu, Zehra Serpil Gonen Williams, Yijun Wang, Robert J. Wiacek, Xia Bai, Linfeng Gou, Selina I. Thomas, Jun Xu
  • Patent number: 9598583
    Abstract: There are provided a processes for manufacturing a trim board, as well as methods for reducing and/or preventing swelling in a finger jointed pine wood and methods for reducing and/or preventing migration of tannins in a finger jointed pine wood. These processes and methods comprise applying a first layer comprising a UV curable primer sealer on a front surface of the pine wood; heat drying the first layer in the presence of UV radiation so as to at least partially cure the first layer comprising the UV curable primer sealer; applying a second layer comprising the UV curable primer sealer on a back surface of the pine wood, the second layer being thinner than the first layer; and heat drying the second layer in the presence of UV radiation so as to at least partially cure the second layer comprising the UV curable primer sealer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: PRODUITS MATRA INC.
    Inventors: Nicholas Drouin, Patrick Beaulieu, Jean-François Drouin
  • Patent number: 9589693
    Abstract: The present invention relates to adhesives that are suitable for use as electrically conductive materials in the fabrication of electronic devices, integrated circuits, semiconductor devices, passive components, solar cells, solar modules, and/or light emitting diodes. The adhesives comprise at least one resin component, micron-sized electrically conductive particles having an average particle size of 2 ?m to 50 ?m, and from 0.01 to 15 wt. % of sub-micron-sized electrically conductive particles having a average particle size of 300 nm to 900 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: HENKEL AG & CO. KGAA
    Inventors: Gunther Dreezen, Liesbeth Theunissen, Cindy Van der Borght
  • Patent number: 9472519
    Abstract: Methods of forming a microelectronic packaging structure are described. Those methods may include forming a solder paste comprising a sacrificial polymer on a substrate, curing the solder paste below a reflow temperature of the solder to form a solid composite hybrid bump on the conductive pads, forming a molding compound around the solid composite hybrid bump, and reflowing the hybrid bump, wherein the sacrificial polymer is substantially decomposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: INTEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Rajasekaran Swaminathan, Leonel R. Arana, Yoshihiro Tomita, Yosuke Kanaoka
  • Patent number: 9282630
    Abstract: Systems and methods for shielding circuitry from interference with conformal coating are disclosed. Systems having conformal EMI shields according to embodiments are provided by applying insulating and conductive layers to areas of a printed circuit board (PCB). This produces systems that may be thinner and also smaller in surface area, and that may be suitable as part of electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2016
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Nicholas Merz
  • Patent number: 9251955
    Abstract: A PZT-based ferroelectric thin film is formed by coating a PZT-based ferroelectric thin film-forming composition on a lower electrode of a substrate one or two or more times, pre-baking the composition, and baking the composition to be crystallized, and this thin film includes PZT-based particles having an average particle size in a range of 500 nm to 3000 nm when measured on a surface of the thin film, in which heterogeneous fine particles having an average particle size of 20 nm or less, which are different from the PZT-based particles, are precipitated on a part or all of the grain boundaries on the surface of the thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshihiro Doi, Hideaki Sakurai, Nobuyuki Soyama, Takashi Noguchi
  • Patent number: 9139670
    Abstract: Surface-modified zirconia nanoparticles include zirconia nanoparticles and surface-modifying ligands attached to the zirconia nanoparticles. The ligand includes a hydroxamate functionality, and either a reactive group or an oligomeric group. Reactive groups include chain transfer groups or photoinitiator groups. Oligomeric groups include poly(meth)acrylate or poly(meth)acrylamide groups. Articles can be prepared that include the surface-modified zirconia nanoparticles in an organic matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Guy D. Joly, Nathan E. Schultz, Babu N. Gaddam
  • Patent number: 9056154
    Abstract: Polymer surfaces coated with organometallic layers, wherein the organometallic layers and polymer surfaces have functional groups that react to bond the organometallic layer to the polymer surface with organometallic functional groups remaining unreacted for the subsequent covalent attachment of organic overlayers. Coating methods and coated articles are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: The Trustees of Princeton University
    Inventors: Jeffrey Schwartz, T. Joseph Dennes
  • Publication number: 20150140347
    Abstract: A film formation composition for surface treatment of a metal object includes at least one salt selected from a hydrofluoric acid salt, a phosphate, and a nitrate, and at least one hydrogen antifoaming agent selected from a hydrogen foaming inhibitor, a hydrogen bubble adhesion inhibitor, and a base for pH adjustment, a film formed using the film formation composition, and an electronic product including the film formed using the film formation composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jun Cheol BAE, Chul BAlK, Pil Gu KWON, Moon Su SEO, Yeon Kyoung JUNG, Cheol HAM
  • Publication number: 20150132494
    Abstract: A vanadium dioxide coating for intelligent temperature control is formed by mixing a vanadium dioxide powder slurry, a polymer emulsion, and coating additives, and then coating the mixture onto a substrate. The vanadium dioxide powdery slurry comprises vanadium dioxide composite powders and a dispersion medium, the composite powders comprising vanadium dioxide nanopowders having a chemical composition of V1?xMxO2, and the surface of the vanadium dioxide nanopowders being attached to organic modified long-chain molecules, wherein M is a doped element, and 0?x?0.5. Through using the vanadium dioxide powders and the slurry thereof having an organic modified surface, the coating has higher visible light transmittance, can almost completely screen ultraviolet rays, and simultaneously intelligently adjust infrared rays.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicants: SHANGHAI INSTITUTE OF CERAMICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES., FSPG HI-TECH CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hongjie Luo, Yiliao Liu, Yanfeng Gao, Zhaohui Cai, Yuwei Lin, Chuanxiang Cao, Shaobo Wang, Minoru Kanehira
  • Publication number: 20150124327
    Abstract: A coating material for forming an optical coating film, which constitutes a reflection preventing film provided on a lens base material, includes a solvent (A), a compound (B) which contains a polymerizable functional group, and a metal oxide particle (C), in which the solvent (A) contains at least one solvent (A1) selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol monopropyl ether, propylene glycol monomethyl ether, and propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and the compound (B) contains a compound (B1) which contains two or more urethane bonds in one molecule, or metal alkoxide (B2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: TAKAYOSHI TOZUNE
  • Patent number: 9017770
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a ferroelectric thin film on a lower electrode by electrostatically spraying a ferroelectric thin film-forming electrostatic spray solution so as to coat the electrostatic spray solution on the lower electrode and form a coated film, drying, calcining, and then firing the coated film so as to crystallize the coated film. In this method, the electrostatic spray solution is a mixed solution in which a ferroelectric thin film-forming sol-gel solution and powder having the same composition as the solid content of the sol-gel solution and having a particle diameter that can be ejected from the spout are uniformly mixed, and, when the metallic compound-converted mass of a metallic compound dissolved in the sol-gel solution is represented by A and the mass of the powder is represented by B, a ratio of B with respect to (A+B) is in a range of 5% to 40%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Shintaro Iida, Hideaki Sakurai
  • Patent number: 9011890
    Abstract: Antibacterial sol-gel coating solutions are used to form articles. The antibacterial sol-gel coating solution includes at least one Ti or Si-containing compound that is capable of hydrolyzing to form a base film; a regulating agent capable of regulating the hydrolysis rate of the Ti or Si-containing compounds, an organic solvent, water, and at least one soluble compound of an antibacterial metal, such as Ag, Cu, Mg, Zn, Sn, Fe, Co, Ni, or Ce.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Qinhuangdao Yipeng Special Glass Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: De-xian Wang, Zhen-yu Lei
  • Patent number: 9005358
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition for ferroelectric thin film formation which is used in the formation of a ferroelectric thin film of one material selected from the group consisting of PLZT, PZT, and PT. The composition for ferroelectric thin film formation is a liquid composition for the formation of a thin film of a mixed composite metal oxide formed of a mixture of a composite metal oxide (A) represented by general formula (1): (PbxLay)(ZrzTi(1-z))O3 [wherein 0.9 <×<1.3, 0?y<0.1, and 0?z<0.9 are satisfied] with a composite oxide (B) or a carboxylic acid (B) represented by general formula (2): CnH2n+1COOH [wherein 3?n?7 is satisfied]. The composite oxide (B) contains one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of P (phosphorus), Si, Ce, and Bi and one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of Sn, Sm, Nd, and Y (yttrium).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Jun Fujii, Hideaki Sakurai, Takashi Noguchi, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Publication number: 20150083209
    Abstract: The present invention aims to provide a coatable diffusing agent composition that can prevent the formation of precipitates, has a longer solution life than conventional PTG solutions free of water, and thus can be stably stored for a long period of time even when this PTG solution is produced in large quantities, and is highly cost effective. The coatable diffusing agent composition of the present invention includes a titanate, a phosphorus compound, water, and an organic solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicants: NAGASE CHEMTEX CORPORATION, SHARPP KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yosuke Ooi, Daisuke Hironiwa, Takahiro Hashimoto, Yosuke Maruyama
  • Publication number: 20150072071
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, there is provided a pattern formation method including coating a substrate or mask layer with a fine particle coating solution containing fine particles including a protective group having a close surface polarity and containing, on at least surfaces thereof, a material selected from the group consisting of Al, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Y, Zr, Sn, Mo, Ta, W, and oxides thereof, a viscosity modifier, and a solvent for adjusting mixing of the viscosity modifier and the fine particles having the protective group, thereby forming a fine particle layer on the substrate or mask layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Kaori KIMURA, Kazutaka Takizawa, Akira Fujimoto
  • Patent number: 8961678
    Abstract: An organic solderability preservative solution includes pyrazine derivatives which inhibit corrosion of metal. The solution is applied to metal surfaces of components for electronic apparatus to improve solderability of electrical connections between the components in the electronic apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Qin Tang, Kit Ho Tong, Chit Yiu Chan, Martin W. Bayes
  • Publication number: 20150047190
    Abstract: The present invention relates to composite materials with a high dielectric constant and high dielectric strength and to methods of producing the composite materials. The composite materials have high dielectric constants at a range of high frequencies and possess robust mechanical properties and strengths, such that they may be machined to a variety of configurations. The composite materials also have high dielectric strengths for operation in high power and high energy density systems. In one embodiment, the composite material is composed of a trimodal distribution of ceramic particles, including barium titanate, barium strontium titanate (BST), or combinations thereof and a polymer binder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Randy D. Curry, Kevin O'Connor
  • Publication number: 20150044381
    Abstract: Provided are a metal oxide solution in organic solvent for a high refractive film, a method of preparing the same, and a method of fabricating a high refractive film using the same. The method of preparing the metal oxide solution in organic solvent for fabricating a high refractive film includes preparing a metal oxide precursor, preparing an organic solvent containing a carbonyl group, forming a metal oxide through a sol-gel reaction of the metal oxide precursor in the organic solvent in the presence of an acidic catalyst, and reacting the metal oxide and the organic solvent. The hydrogen bonding between the metal oxide and the organic solvent occurs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: Seung Koo PARK, Jeong Ik LEE, Byoung Kuk KANG, Doo-Hee CHO, Jaehyun MOON, Jin Wook SHIN, Hye Yong CHU
  • Patent number: 8952188
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a family of Group 4 metal precursors represented by the formula: M(OR1)2(R2C(O)C(R3)C(O)OR1)2 wherein M is a Group 4 metals of Ti, Zr, or Hf; wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of a linear or branched C1-10 alkyl and a C6-12 aryl, preferably methyl, ethyl or n-propyl; R2 is selected from the group consisting of branched C3-10 alkyls, preferably iso-propyl, tert-butyl, sec-butyl, iso-butyl, or tert-amyl and a C6-12 aryl; R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-10 alkyls, and a C6-12 aryl, preferably hydrogen. In a preferred embodiment of this invention, the precursor is a liquid or a solid with a melting point below 60° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Sergei Vladimirovich Ivanov, Xinjian Lei, Hansong Cheng, Daniel P. Spence, Moo-Sung Kim
  • Patent number: 8946096
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel 4B group metalorganic compounds represented by following formula I and the preparation thereof. Specifically, the present invention relates to a thermally and chemically stable 4B group organo-metallic compound utilized in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or atomic layer deposition (ALD), and the preparation thereof. A 4B group metalorganic compound prepared according to the present invention volatiles easily and is stable at high temperature, and can be used effectively in manufacturing 4B group metal oxide thin films. wherein M represents Ti, Zr or Hf, R1 represents C1˜C4 alkyl, R2 and R3 represent independently C1˜C6 alkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Mecharonics Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Dae-jun Ahn, Hyun-chang Kim
  • Patent number: 8945297
    Abstract: A dielectric protective layer has nanoparticles integrated therein to increase the dielectric constants. The nanoparticles are surrounded by a protective shell to prevent agglomeration, in order to maintain the small particle size, for depositing an extra-thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Tarik Cheema, Georg Garnweitner, Günter Schmid, Dan Taroata
  • Publication number: 20150024522
    Abstract: Coating compositions are used to deposit films on electronic device substrates, which films are subjected to conditions that form an oxymetal precursor material layer on a matrix precursor material layer, and then such layers are cured to form a cured oxymetal layer disposed on a cured matrix layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Deyan WANG, Peter TREFONAS, III, Kathleen M. O'CONNELL, Dominic C. YANG
  • Publication number: 20150004801
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to spin-on compositions containing at least one metal oxide dicarboxylate and an organic solvent into which the metal oxide dicarboxylate is soluble or colloidally stable. The dicarboxylate is capable of decomposing during heat treatment to give a cured metal oxide film. The present disclosure also relates to method of using the spin-on compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: AZ ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (LUXEMBOURG) S.A.R.L.
    Inventors: M. Dalil RAHMAN, Venkata Gopal Reddy CHADA, Huirong YAO, Clement ANYADIEGWU, Douglas MCKENZIE
  • Publication number: 20140370271
    Abstract: A coated paper with enhanced properties and/or lower cost can be obtained by using a coating that contains a binder and stanchion-encapsulated titanium dioxide. The stanchion-encapsulated titanium dioxide can provide the same or similar brightness, gloss, and/or opacity while using less titanium dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: Appvion, Inc.
    Inventors: Nianxi Yan, John Charles Debraal
  • Patent number: 8912238
    Abstract: Methods of increasing the solubility of a base in supercritical carbon dioxide include forming a complex of a Lewis acid and the base, and dissolving the complex in supercritical carbon dioxide. The Lewis acid is soluble in supercritical carbon dioxide, and the base is substantially insoluble in supercritical carbon dioxide. Methods for increasing the solubility of water in supercritical carbon dioxide include dissolving an acid or a base in supercritical carbon dioxide to form a solution and dissolving water in the solution. The acid or the base is formulated to interact with water to solubilize the water in the supercritical carbon dioxide. Some compositions include supercritical carbon dioxide, a hydrolysable metallic compound, and at least one of an acid and a base. Some compositions include an alkoxide and at least one of an acid and a base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Chien M. Wai, Hiroyuki Ohde, Stephen J. Kramer
  • Publication number: 20140363691
    Abstract: Coatings, coating compositions and coating suspensions that contain solar reflective and/or shielding components for use in coating substrates such as cellulosic fiberboard construction materials. The coatings may vary in color from pink to red or from yellow to orange depending on which colorant or solar reflective pigment is used or combinations of colorants and solar reflective pigments is used. Methods of making and using the coatings and coating compositions/suspensions are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Joseph W. Hundley, JR., Thomas S. Verrill, Larry E. Dooley, Mark Custer
  • Patent number: 8900695
    Abstract: The present invention is related to carbon-doped metal oxide films. The carbon-doped metal oxide films provide a low coefficient of friction, for example ranging from about 0.05 to about 0.4. In addition, the carbon-doped metal oxide films applied over a silicon substrate, for example, provide anti-stiction properties, where the measured work of adhesion for a MEMS device cantilever beam coated with the carbon-doped metal oxide film is less than 10 ?J/m2. In addition, the carbon-doped metal oxide films provide unexpectedly good water vapor transmission properties. The carbon content in the carbon-doped metal oxide films ranges from about 5 atomic % to about 20 atomic %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Microstructures, Inc.
    Inventors: Boris Kobrin, Romuald Nowak, Jeffrey D. Chinn
  • Publication number: 20140349139
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition for ferroelectric thin film formation which is used in the formation of a ferroelectric thin film of one material selected from the group consisting of PLZT, PZT, and PT. The composition for ferroelectric thin film formation is a liquid composition for the formation of a thin film of a mixed composite metal oxide formed of a mixture of a composite metal oxide (A) represented by general formula (1): (PbxLay)(ZrzTi(1-z))O3 [wherein 0.9<x<1.3, 0?y<0.1, and 0?z<0.9 are satisfied] with a composite oxide (B) or a carboxylic acid (B) represented by general formula (2): CnH2n+1COOH [wherein 3?n?7 is satisfied]. The composite oxide (B) contains one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of P (phosphorus), Si, Ce, and Bi and one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of Sn, Sm, Nd, and Y (yttrium).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Fujii, Hideaki Sakurai, Takashi Noguchi, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Publication number: 20140349834
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition for ferroelectric thin film formation which is used in the formation of a ferroelectric thin film of one material selected from the group consisting of PLZT, PZT, and PT. The composition for ferroelectric thin film formation is a liquid composition for the formation of a thin film of a mixed composite metal oxide formed of a mixture of a composite metal oxide (A) represented by general formula (1): (PbxLay)(ZrzTi(1-z))O3 [wherein 0.9<x<1.3, 0?y<0.1, and 0?z<0.9 are satisfied] with a composite oxide (B) or a carboxylic acid (B) represented by general formula (2): CnH2n+1COOH [wherein 3?n?7 is satisfied]. The composite oxide (B) contains one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of P (phosphorus), Si, Ce, and Bi and one or at least two elements selected from the group consisting of Sn, Sm, Nd, and Y (yttrium).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Jun Fujii, Hideaki Sakurai, Takashi Noguchi, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Publication number: 20140335275
    Abstract: Provided are modified hybrid sol-gel precursor solutions and coatings formed from such solutions. A modified hybrid sol-gel precursor solution includes an inorganic precursor, cross-linkable inorganic-organic precursor, cross-linkable organic precursor, protic solvent, and aprotic solvent. The inorganic precursor may include a metal or metalloid and two or more hydrolysable groups. The cross-linkable inorganic-organic precursor may include a metal, hydrolysable group, and organic molecule. The cross-linkable organic precursor has another organic molecule with two or more second cross-linking groups. A combination of protic and aprotic solvents in the same solution may be used to control properties of the solutions, thermodynamics, and other processing aspects. The solution may also include nanoparticles. The nanoparticles may include functionalized surface to form covalent bonds with one or more precursors of the solution, such as a plasma treated surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: ADVENIRA ENTERPRISES, INC.
    Inventor: Elmira Ryabova
  • Publication number: 20140331898
    Abstract: Disclosed is a resist ink having superior acid-resistance and coupling property, the resist ink composed of 70% or less by weight of solvent, 10-15% by weight of base polymer, 10-15% by weight of tacktifier, 3% or less by weight of additive, and 1-10% by weight of coupling agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: LG Display Co., LTD.
    Inventor: LG Display Co., LTD.
  • Publication number: 20140328889
    Abstract: There is provided provide a method for efficiently producing a rutile type titanium sol having a particle diameter based on dynamic light scattering method of 5 nm to 100 nm that is excellent in dispersibility. The method for producing a rutile type titanium oxide sol comprising: process (a): mixing metastannic acid, a titanium alkoxide, a quaternary ammonium hydroxide, oxalic acid, and water so as to contain 0.02 moles to 0.8 moles of tin atoms, 0.1 moles to 3.5 moles of the quaternary ammonium hydroxide, and 0.1 moles to 8.0 moles of the oxalic acid with respect to 1 mole of titanium atoms of the titanium alkoxide to prepare a titanium-containing aqueous solution with a concentration in terms of TiO2 of 0.1% by mass to 15% by mass; and process (b): subjecting the titanium-containing aqueous solution obtained in process (a) to a hydrothermal treatment at a temperature from 100° C. to 170° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventors: Natsumi Murakami, Ai Miyamoto, Yoshinari Koyama
  • Patent number: 8876963
    Abstract: A dielectric coating material system for use in a single-sided back contact solar cell is disclosed. The material system serves to electrically isolate electrodes of opposite polarity types on the same side of a silicon-based solar cell, and includes titanium and phosphorus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Heraeus Precious Metals North America Conshohocken LLC
    Inventors: Ben E. Cruz, George E. Graddy, Jr., Aziz S. Shaikh, Jalal Salami
  • Publication number: 20140318414
    Abstract: A nano-metal solution, nano-metal complex grains, and a manufacturing method of a metal film are provided. The nano-metal solution includes metal grains having an amount of 0.1˜30 wt %, metallic-organic self-decomposition molecules having an amount of 0.1˜50 wt % and having formula 1, and a solvent having an amount of 20˜99.8 wt %: wherein M represents a metal ion. The metallic-organic self-decomposition molecules and the metal grains are evenly mixed in the solvent, and the metallic-organic self-decomposition molecules are adsorbed on surfaces of the metal grains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Kuo-Chan Chiou, Hong-Ching Lin, Szu-Po Huang, Chun-An Lu
  • Publication number: 20140319659
    Abstract: A resist underlayer composition, a method of forming patterns, and semiconductor integrated circuit device, the composition including a solvent; and a compound including a moiety represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Hyo-Young KWON, Min-Gyum KIM, Jun-Ho LEE, Hwan-Sung CHEON
  • Patent number: 8864896
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming an organic thin film comprising: 1) preparing a hydroxyl group-containing solution by mixing the following (a), (b) and (c) so that the total amount of (A) and (B) in the hydroxyl group-containing solution becomes 0.1 wt% to 80 wt%, and conducting hydrolysis to generate a hydroxyl group-containing compound; a) an adjuvant for forming an organic thin film comprising a metal surfactant (A) having at least one or more hydrolysable group, and a compound (C) that can interact with the metal surfactant in an organic solvent b) a metal surfactant having at least one or more hydrolysable group (B), and c) water 2) preparing a solution for forming an organic thin film by mixing an organic solvent and the hydroxyl group-containing solution of 1); and 3) allowing the substrate to contact with the solution for forming an organic thin film of 2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoya Hidaka, Yoshitaka Fujita, Norifumi Nakamoto, Kazuhisa Kumazawa, Eiji Hoshi
  • Patent number: 8852333
    Abstract: A new generation environmental friendly water-based coating composition which exhibits excellent coating film properties is disclosed. Said water-based coating composition comprises mesoporous silica nanoparticles in organosilica, water, and a film-forming catalyst, and optionally with a small amount of ethanol. Method for manufacturing said water-based coating composition and the use thereof are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Nano and Advanced Materials Institute Limited
    Inventors: Ka Wai Wong, Xinghua Li, Yee Man Ho, Wing Yee Cheng, Ka Cheong Luk
  • Publication number: 20140287256
    Abstract: Disclosed are coating compositions, such as primer compositions, suitable for providing corrosion protection to metal substrates, as well as related coated articles and methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Matthew S. Scott, Richard F. Syput, Steven R. Zawacky
  • Publication number: 20140273447
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film comprising: as a component (A), compounds selected from titanium compounds represented by the following general formulae (A-1) and (A-2) and a titanium-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of the titanium compounds, as a component (B), compounds selected from titanium compounds represented by the following general formulae (B-1) and (B-2) and a titanium-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of the titanium compounds, and as a component (D), solvent. There can be provided a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film to form a resist underlayer film having favorable pattern adhesiveness and excellent etching selectivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tsutomu OGIHARA, Seiichiro TACHIBANA, Takafumi UEDA, Yoshinori TANEDA
  • Publication number: 20140273448
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition for forming a titanium-containing underlayer film comprising: as a component (A), a titanium-containing compound obtained by reacting a divalent or a trivalent alcohol represented by the following general formula (A-2) to one or more kinds of compounds selected from a titanium compound represented by the following general formula (A-1) and a titanium-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of the titanium compound and as a component (C), solvent. There can be provided a composition for forming a titanium-containing underlayer film that is excellent in storage stability without changes in characteristics, pattern adhesiveness relative to a fine pattern, and etching selectivity relative to conventional organic film and silicon-containing film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tsutomu OGIHARA, Seiichiro TACHIBANA, Takafumi UEDA, Yoshinori TANEDA
  • Publication number: 20140227514
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for depositing improved zirconium oxide conversion coatings, as well as compositions capable of depositing an adherent zirconium oxide conversion coating on a substrate in the absence of prior cleaning are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Elizabeth J. Siebert, Bruce H. Goodreau
  • Patent number: 8795774
    Abstract: Compositions containing certain organometallic oligomers suitable for use as spin-on, metal hardmasks are provided, where such compositions can be tailored to provide a metal oxide hardmask having a range of etch selectivity. Also provided are methods of depositing metal oxide hardmasks using the present compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Deyan Wang, Jibin Sun, Peng-Wei Chuang, Peter Trefonas, III, Cong Liu