Hybrid Conversion System Patents (Class 136/248)
  • Patent number: 10707807
    Abstract: Solar panel assemblies and wall sections using such assemblies are described. In one solar panel assembly, there is a mounting post and three or more triangular shaped panels. Each triangular shaped panel is a solar panel responsive to a first spectrum of light and transparent to a second spectrum of light. The solar panel assembly also includes hinges which connect the triangular shaped panels to the mounting post. The at least three triangular shaped panels can move between a flat configuration and an inverted pyramid configuration. In a further embodiment of the solar panel assembly, the triangular shaped panels form a first solar panel layer, and the assembly also includes one or more additional solar panel layers. Each of the additional solar panel layers being responsive to an associated spectrum of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Inventor: Jonathan Jacques
  • Patent number: 10492381
    Abstract: An electricity generation method using orientable photovoltaic sensors disposed above crops, a shadow projected onto the crops being altered by changes in an orientation of the sensors. The orientation of the sensors is controlled in a computerized and automatic manner in order to affect microclimatic conditions of the crops by changing the orientation of the sensors, in particular in order to place crops in microclimatic conditions more suited to obtaining a desired agricultural result, while seeking to achieve an optimum, reducing electricity generation as little as possible in relation to a reference that is not combined with crops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: SUN'R
    Inventor: Antoine Nogier
  • Patent number: 10461206
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a solar photovoltaic-thermal system, combined with a solar heat collection assembly and a solar cell assembly, so that solar energy utilization is more efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: Changzhou Almaden Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jinxi Lin, Jinhan Lin, Yuting Lin
  • Patent number: 10436182
    Abstract: Implementations of a system for collecting radiant energy with a non-imaging solar concentrator are provided. In some implementations, the system may be configured to focus radiant energy striking a plurality of concentric, conical ring-like reflective elements of the non-imaging concentrator onto a receiver positioned thereunder and to rotate and/or pivot the receiver so that at least a portion thereof is always kept within the focal point (or area) of the non-imaging concentrator. Wherein the center of the focal point (or area) is fixed with respect to the ground. In some implementations, the system for collecting radiant energy with a non-imaging solar concentrator may comprise a tracking apparatus configured to support the non-imaging concentrator and position it so that the sun is normal thereto, and a piping system that is configured to transfer concentrated solar energy from the receiver to an absorbing system where the energy is finally utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Inventors: Ayman Adnan S. Al-Maaitah, Adnan Ayman Al-Maaitah
  • Patent number: 10411640
    Abstract: A solar and wind energy harvesting system having a support structure with a pair of poles and a plurality of transversal members that extends between the pair of poles, a plurality of transducers affixed to a corresponding transversal member of the plurality of transversal members, a plurality of photovoltaic cells, wherein each photovoltaic cell is suspended from a corresponding transducer of the plurality of transducers and receives sunlight to provide sunlight input electricity and wind to bend the corresponding transducer and have the corresponding transducer provide wind input electricity, and a battery assembly that is electrically connected to the plurality of transducers and the plurality of photovoltaic cells to receive, regulate and store the solar input electricity and the wind input electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Inventor: Fahad Al Dughaish
  • Patent number: 10399441
    Abstract: Principles of the present disclosure present a new concept for solar photovoltaic systems wherein the load to the photovoltaic system is digitally managed. This allows for much higher system efficiency along with a much lower system cost as compared to traditional solar photovoltaic systems in specific applications. By eliminating storage and power electronics typically present in traditional solar photovoltaic systems, exemplary systems achieve a cost reduction of over 50%, while the system efficiency is improved to over 95%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of Arizona State University
    Inventor: Meng Tao
  • Patent number: 10355638
    Abstract: A solar junction box includes a box cover and a terminal plate. The terminal plate includes a plurality of terminals arranged side by side and diode units for connecting adjacent terminals, and the terminals and diode units are integrally packaged in plastic. Two outermost terminals are respectively used to connect cables. The terminal plate serving as a back plate of the box cover is fixedly connected to the box cover in detachable manner. A cavity for filling silica gel is formed between the box cover and the terminal plate. The assembly of the solar junction box is convenient, and it has relatively good heat dissipation and sealing performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: LEONI CABLE (CHINA) CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Wei Lu
  • Patent number: 10236689
    Abstract: A solar cell management system for increasing the efficiency and power output of a solar cell and methods for making and using the same. The management system provides an electric field across one or more solar cells. The imposed electric field exerts a force on both the electrons and holes created by light incident on the solar cell and accelerates the electron-hole pairs towards the electrodes of the solar cell. The solar cell management system considers variations in configuration of solar cells to maximize the power output of the solar cells. The accelerated electron-hole pairs have a lower likelihood of recombining within the cells' semiconductor's material. This reduction in the electron-hole recombination rate results in an overall increase in the solar cells' efficiency and greater power output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: Solarlytics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert P. McNamara, Douglas M. Raymond
  • Patent number: 10211776
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel forms of operable windows capable of producing an electrical current utilizing a transparent or semi-transparent solar collecting substrate. A scaffold assembly is utilized to enclose the perimeter of the substrate and one or more solar cells. The scaffold may comprise a scaffold port providing passage for an exit conductor from a sash lead in electrical communication with a solar cell. The assembly may include a bridge portion of an exit conductor that carries electrical current from a sash portion to a frame portion of the window assembly. A frame port extending through the frame of the window may provide passage of the exit conductor to electronic accessories or to circuits that can store or reuse the electrical energy produced. Various forms of electronic accessories are disclosed for fixed or releasable mounting to portions of the window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Inventor: Brian Patrick Janowski
  • Patent number: 10193345
    Abstract: A solar cell management system for increasing the efficiency and power output of a solar cell and methods for making and using the same. The management system provides an electric field across an individual solar cell, an array of solar cells configured as a panel, or a group of solar panels. The imposed electric field exerts a force on both the electrons and holes created by light incident on the solar cell and accelerates the electron-hole pairs towards the electrodes of the solar cell. Compared to conventional solar cells, these accelerated electron-hole pairs travel a shorter distance from creation (by incident optical radiation) and spend less time within the solar cell material, therefore the electron-hole pairs have a lower likelihood of recombining within the cells' semiconductor's material. This reduction in the electron-hole recombination rate results in an overall increase in the solar cells' efficiency and greater power output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Solarlytics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert P. McNamara, Douglas M. Raymond
  • Patent number: 10177709
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hybrid solar collector that generates thermal and electrical energy while maintaining a comfortable indoor climate. The hybrid solar collector comprises a thermal energy collector for time-delayed transfer of thermal energy resulting from incident solar energy into building walls having a rear-vented cover arranged so that an air gap is formed between the solid collector portion and the cover, said cover comprising photovoltaic (PV) elements and being at least partially transparent and/or partially translucent so as to allow solar radiation to impinge on the solid thermal collector, wherein the air in the gap between the cover and the collector is sucked by a heat pump preferably for use in heating water or thermal storage The hybrid solar collector of the invention stores thermal energy in and releases thermal energy from the thermal collector portion, while also generating electricity using the PV elements and utilizing thermal energy from the heated air in the air gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Nelson Architech GmbH
    Inventor: Giuseppe Fent
  • Patent number: 10072853
    Abstract: A water heater is provided having an insulated tank having a water inlet and a water outlet, and further defining an interior volume to contain a quantity of water. A primary heating arrangement applies heat energy to the water so as to heat the water. In addition, the primary heating arrangement is configured to maintain the water during standby periods between upper and lower set point temperatures. A supplemental heating arrangement is operative to supply additional heat energy to the water in order to lessen energy usage by the primary heating arrangement during the standby periods. In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the supplemental heating arrangement includes at least one photovoltaic panel and a supplemental heating element. Control electronics are operatively interposed between the at least one photovoltaic panel and the supplemental heating element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: RHEEM MANUFACTURING COMPANY
    Inventors: Raheel A. Chaudhry, Arthur Y. Hinton, Jozef Boros
  • Patent number: 10056509
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for generating power by amplifying sunlight, including a sunlight amplifying means; and an energy storing means configured to support the sunlight amplifying means and to store an electric energy and a thermal energy generated from the sunlight amplifying means, wherein the sunlight amplifying means includes a first pipe formed of metallic material; a second pipe configured to enclose the first pipe; a solar photovoltaic module installed between the first pipe and the second pipe; and a sunlight amplifying sheet configured with concave mirrors or convex lenses having predetermined shapes and attached to the outer circumference of the second pipe so as to amplify sunlight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Inventor: Richard Oh
  • Patent number: 10054319
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system for producing hot water, comprising a hot water reservoir, a first and a second resistance heating rod for heating the water in the hot water reservoir, a reservoir temperature sensor, and a control unit, by means of which the first resistance heating rod can be connected to a network alternating voltage source, wherein the system comprises a photovoltaic device for producing a direct voltage and the photovoltaic device can be connected to the second resistance heating rod by means of the control unit or a further control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Inventor: Gerhard Rimpler
  • Patent number: 10042147
    Abstract: A glass concentrator mirror assembly and a method for making same. A glass concentrator mirror assembly is configured to reflect sunlight to a receiver in a reflector assembly. The glass concentrator mirror assembly has at least one glass mirror. The at least one glass mirror has a reflective side and a back side. The glass concentrator mirror assembly also has a parabola-forming frame structure for the at least one glass mirror. The parabola-forming frame structure includes a sternum that is fixedly fastened to a spine with the at least one glass mirror therebetween. The parabola-forming frame structure facilitates a substantially parabolic curvature of the at least one glass mirror. The parabola-forming frame structure provides a substantially uniform force along a line of contact between the sternum and the at least one glass mirror.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Randall B. Olsen
  • Patent number: 9999870
    Abstract: A combined catalyst and catalyst support comprising: a nanostructured solar selective support to which at least one catalyst is affixed; the catalyst comprising at least one material that activates chemical reactions that produce fuels; the nanostructured solar selective support comprising material that is highly absorbing over a portion of the solar spectrum and exhibits low emissivity toward thermal radiation and/or has a surface textured to lower emissivity; the combined catalyst and catalyst support exhibiting at least one of a photochemical effect and a photothermal effect; wherein these effects cause the chemical reaction rates to increase with exposure to an increasing number of incident photons within the solar spectrum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Inventors: Paul Gregory O'Brien, Geoffrey Alan Ozin
  • Patent number: 9995459
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a laser stimulated white light lighting system, it includes a hemispherical reflector, a light-permeable board, a wavelength conversion layer, a reflective layer and plural heat-radiating structures, wherein the laser light emitted by a laser light source passes through a first light entrance hole of the hemispherical reflector and subsequently through the wavelength conversion layer to produce white light. With the implementation of the present invention, complex production process or equipment is not required thus reduce the system cost, the lighting system is capable of accurately outputting white light and promoting photon recycling effect to raise illumination efficiency. With the addition of a second light entrance hole, wavelength-division or angular division multiplexing can be carried out to raise the intensity of the output white light without increasing the etendue of the source light, thereby widening the range of application of the lighting system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: National Central University
    Inventors: Ching-Cherng Sun, Tsung-Hsun Yang
  • Patent number: 9909781
    Abstract: A panel (105) is provided for utilizing solar energy, especially in the form of panels designed as roof tiles (101), wherein the heat is transferred from panel to fluid or vice versa. On this panel one or more solar cell panels (107) can be provided so that it is cooled effectively during operation, while heat energy simultaneously may be utilized. Panels, for example designed as roof tiles, individually or assembled, are mounted on roofing battens (110) suitable for the purpose, and connected to electrical connection points and bushings for fluid transport. The roofing battens (110) are mounted on furring ring strips (112) in the usual way. Some furring strips are used for connection of electrical conductors in the flooring battens (112) and any fluid circuits in the flooring battens (110). The construction facilitates installing and maintenance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: FLAAX HOLDING AS
    Inventor: Finn Sandmæl
  • Patent number: 9865760
    Abstract: A solar energy collection device includes a solar converting station housing having a concentrator for aiding in focusing the energy onto a photovoltaic material. The photovoltaic material is applied to a series of cylindrically shaped power cells. A series of the power cells are rotationally assembled to the solar energy collection device. The power cells rotate about the cell axles, providing a cooling process for the photovoltaic material. The rotation can be provided via any number of means. The series of the power cells can be built in a removable assembly, providing a power pack for the end user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Inventors: William A. Jacobs, Allen D. Hertz, Michael K. Tam
  • Patent number: 9823287
    Abstract: A method for providing an environmental impact rating for a solar cell includes acquiring power generation data and thermal exchange data regarding the solar cell using a data acquisition device, transmitting the power generation data and the thermal exchange data to a controller, and generating the environmental impact rating based on the power generation data and the thermal exchange data using the controller, wherein the environmental impact rating provides an indication of an environmental impact of using the solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Elwha LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Bowers, Kenneth G. Caldeira, Peter L. Hagelstein, Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Clarence T. Tegreene, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 9800053
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention provides a solar cell panel that includes a front-side cover, a back-side cover, a number of solar cells situated between the front-side cover and the back-side cover, and a number of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) devices situated between the front-side cover and the back-side cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Tesla, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher James Beitel, Jiunn Benjamin Heng, Jianming Fu, Zheng Xu
  • Patent number: 9702348
    Abstract: A concentrated solar power (CSP) plant comprises a receiver configured to contain a chemical substance for a chemical reaction and an array of heliostats. Each heliostat is configured to direct sunlight toward the receiver. The receiver is configured to transfer thermal energy from the sunlight to the chemical substance in a reduction reaction. The CSP plant further comprises a first storage container configured to store solid state particles produced by the reduction reaction and a heat exchanger configured to combine the solid state particles and gas through an oxidation reaction. The heat exchanger is configured to transfer heat produced in the oxidation reaction to a working fluid to heat the working fluid. The CSP plant further comprises a power turbine coupled to the heat exchanger, such that the heated working fluid turns the power turbine, and a generator coupled to and driven by the power turbine to generate electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Inventor: Zhiwen Ma
  • Patent number: 9680043
    Abstract: The invention relates to a photovoltaic concentrator module comprising at least one lens and at least one photovoltaic cell, further comprising a distance adjustment means configured to adjust the distance between the at least one lens and the at least one photovoltaic cell. Using the distance adjustment means, the cell and the lens can be kept at a desired distance, e.g., the focal distance. The distance adjustment means can be a pressure varying means. The invention further relates to a photovoltaic concentrator array comprising a plurality of photovoltaic concentrator modules and to a method for improving the energy conversion efficiency of a photovoltaic concentrator module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Saint-Augustin Canada Electric Inc.
    Inventors: Eckart Gerster, Jacob Stor, Johannes Wullner
  • Patent number: 9647442
    Abstract: A method for arc detection in a system including a photovoltaic panel and a load connectible to the photovoltaic panel with a DC power line. The method measures power delivered to the load thereby producing a first measurement result of the power delivered to the load. Power produced by the photovoltaic panel is also measured, thereby producing a second measurement result of power produced by the photovoltaic panel. The first measurement result is compared with the second measurement result thereby producing a differential power measurement result. Upon the differential power measurement result being more than a threshold value, an alarm condition may also be set. The second measurement result may be modulated and transmitted over the DC power line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Solaredge Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Ilan Yoscovich, Guy Sella, Meir Gazit, Yoav Galin, David Braginsky, Lior Handelsman, Meir Adest
  • Patent number: 9590124
    Abstract: A photoelectric conversion device including a transparent substrate, a first electrode, at least a photoelectric conversion layer and a second electrode is provided. The first electrode is located on the transparent substrate. The transparent substrate means that at least some parts of the substrate area are transparent. At least a photoelectric conversion layer is located on the first electrode, wherein the optical light transmittance of the photoelectric conversion layer in at least a portion of the visible spectrum is higher than 20%. The second electrode is located on the photoelectric conversion layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Inventor: Hung-Ta Liu
  • Patent number: 9476357
    Abstract: A portable on-demand hydrogen supplemental system producing hydrogen gas and mixing the hydrogen gas with the air used for combustion of the jet fuel to increase the combustion efficiency of said jet fuel. Hydrogen increases the laminar flame speed of the jet fuel during combustion thus causing more fuel to be burned and lowering particulate matter emissions. Hydrogen is supplied to the jet engine at levels well below its lower flammability limit in air of 4%. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced by an electrolyzer from nonelectrolyte water in a nonelectrolyte water tank. The system utilizes an onboard diagnostic (OBD) interface in communication with the jet's control systems, to regulate power to the system so that hydrogen production for the jet engine only occurs when the jet engine is running. The hydrogen gas produced is immediately consumed by the jet engine. No hydrogen is stored on, in or around the jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: HNO Green Fuels, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald Wade Owens
  • Patent number: 9478699
    Abstract: A nanowire comprises a polar semiconductor material that is compositionally graded along the nanowire from a first end to a second end to define a polarization doping profile along the nanowire from the first end to the second end. The polar semiconductor material may comprise a group IH-nitride semiconductor, such as an alloy of GaN and AlN, or an alloy of GaN and InN. Such nanowires may be formed by nucleating the first ends on a substrate, growing the nanowires by depositing polar semiconductor material on the nucleated first ends on a selected growth face, and compositionally grading the nanowires during growth to impart the polarization doping. The direction of the compositional grading may be reversed during the growing of the nanowires to reverse the type of the imparted polarization doping. In some embodiments, the reversing forms n/p or p/n junctions in the nanowires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Roberto C. Myers, Siddharth Rajan
  • Patent number: 9390919
    Abstract: A method of depositing a kesterite film which includes a compound of the formula: Cu2-xZn1+ySn(S1-zSez)4+q, wherein 0?x?1; 0?y?1; 0?z?1; ?1?q?1. The method includes contacting hydrazine, a source of Cu, and a source of at least one of S and Se forming solution A; contacting hydrazine, a source of Sn, a source of at least one of S and Se, and a source of Zn forming dispersion B; mixing solution A and dispersion B under conditions sufficient to form a dispersion which includes Zn-containing solid particles; applying the dispersion onto a substrate to form a thin layer of the dispersion on the substrate; and annealing at a temperature, pressure, and length of time sufficient to form the kesterite film. An annealing composition and a photovoltaic device including the kesterite film formed by the above method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: David B. Mitzi, Teodor K. Todorov
  • Patent number: 9373602
    Abstract: According to example embodiments, a wire structure includes a first wire that includes a first wire core and a first carbon shell surrounding the first wire core, and a second wire that extends in a longitudinal direction from the first wire. The first wire core has a wire shape. The first carbon shell contains carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Sungkyunkwan University Foundation for Corporate Collaboration
    Inventors: Eun-kyung Lee, Byoung-lyong Choi, Won-Jae Joo, Byung-Sung Kim, Jae-Hyun Lee, Jong-Woon Lee, Dong-Mok Whang
  • Patent number: 9326421
    Abstract: The invention relates to an arrangement and a method for cooling a support (203) having an electronic component, comprising a housing (200) with a base plate (204), a circumferential wall (220) surrounding the support and a cover (211) extending above the support and closing the interior space (230) of the support. The aim is to cool the support directly by a cooling fluid that flows through the base plate without having the risk of damage to the support. In order to achieve said aim, it is proposed that the interior space (230) is subjected to a pressure that is greater than the pressure which is generated by the cooling fluid and is acting upon the support (202).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: AZUR SPACE SOLAR POWER GMBH
    Inventor: Rudiger Lockenhoff
  • Patent number: 9202958
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) or building adapted photovoltaic (BAPV) systems and components thereof. In certain example embodiments a component includes an asymmetric glass substrate that includes at least first, second, and third surfaces. The third surface can be laminated to a photovoltaic sub-assembly. The first surface can structured to be angled away from a vertical plane of a building at an angle of between 5 and 40 degrees. The first surface may be longer than the second surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Alexey Krasnov
  • Patent number: 9180980
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a system in space for reinforcing photosynthesis on earth, comprising a satellite with at least one first optical assembly intended for collecting sunlight, the position of which is stationary; a second optical assembly, smaller in size and with less inertia than the first optical element, intended for retransmitting the collected light with higher density of the retransmitted flux density than the collected flux density, and with an adjustable orientation; a remotely controllable means capable of adjusting the orientation of the second optical assembly; and a light-transmitting means which transmits the collected light from the first optical assembly to the second optical assembly. The second optical assembly retransmits light only in specified frequency hands around 450 nm and 660 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: ASTRIUM SAS
    Inventors: Robert André Lainé, Pierre Parrot
  • Patent number: 9157657
    Abstract: A method of cooling a solar concentrator includes absorbing heat from solar energy collectors into a chamber section. The chamber section is arranged below, in a heat exchange relationship, the solar energy collectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Supratik Guha, Yves C. Martin, Robert L. Sandstrom, Theodore G. van Kessel
  • Patent number: 9127859
    Abstract: A solar concentrator includes an optical member having a focal point. The optical member is configured and disposed to direct incident solar radiation to the focal point. A support member is positioned adjacent to the focal point of the optical member. A solar energy collector is supported upon the support member. The solar energy collector is positioned at the focal point of the optical member. A base member is positioned in a spaced relationship from the support member. The base member and the support member define a chamber section that is in a heat exchange relationship with the solar energy collector. The chamber section is configured to absorb and dissipate heat from the solar energy collectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Supratik Guha, Yves C. Martin, Robert L. Sandstrom, Theodore G. van Kessel
  • Patent number: 9093587
    Abstract: A motion controlled tracking mount is provided that includes a lateral rail perpendicular to a longitudinal rail, a first translation element slides on the lateral rail and a second translation element slides on the longitudinal rail and slides onto the lateral rail, a first rotatable connector attached to the first translation element and a second rotatable connector attached to the second translation element that rotate about axes perpendicular to the lateral and longitudinal rails, an apparatus mount with a distal region pivotably connected to the second rotatable connector, where the pivotable connection axis is parallel to a lateral dimension of the mount, and a linkage with a proximal end pivotable connected to the first rotatable connector and a distal end is pivotably connected to a proximal region of the mount, where an axis of the pivotable connection at the distal end is parallel to the lateral dimension of the mount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: Santa Clara University
    Inventors: Matthew Neber, Hohyun Lee, Laughlin Barker, Criselle G. Olaes, Darcy Marumoto, Joseph Valdez
  • Publication number: 20150136202
    Abstract: A hybrid solar generator is described, comprising at least one photo-voltaic module contained inside at least one containing means which is at least partially transparent, such module being immersed at least partially into at least one dielectric fluid contained inside such containing means.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: WITS ENGINEERING S.R.L.
    Inventors: Antonio Tiano, Luca Tiano, Aksana Bukshtynava
  • Patent number: 9029683
    Abstract: The teachings generally relate to a system for converting solar energy into electrical energy and thermal energy using a self-contained system having a plurality of channels for the heat transfer using a respective plurality of fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Soleeva Solar, Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph B. Ahlgren, Klaus Petry, A. Michael Flores
  • Patent number: 9029684
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a hybrid solar receiver that generates electricity and heat simultaneously. The solar receiver comprises photovoltaic cells for converting concentrated light on the cells into electricity. The receiver also includes a heat pipe having a heat discharge area that serves as an evaporator for discharging heat accumulated on the photovoltaic cells to a dissipation area. A dual-function interface layer is positioned between the photovoltaic cells and the heat pipe. The interface layer electrically insulates the photovoltaic cells from the heat pipe and instantaneously transfer the heat accumulated on photovoltaic cells to liquid coolant in the heat pipe. A surface of the photovoltaic cells is coated with an encapsulation layer. A transparent plate is deposited on the encapsulation layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives
    Inventors: Qinglong Lin, André Manificat
  • Publication number: 20150122309
    Abstract: The invention relates to a solar energy collection system that uses linear parabolic concentrators designed on a small scale and with a modular configuration that allows optimum usage of solar collection surface area in places such as the roofs or flat roofs of factories or shops where space is generally small or irregular. The solar collector is coupled in rows actuated by a fully autonomous system for electronically controlling solar tracking, the operation of which is based on an algorithm programmed in a microcontroller. An autonomous solar tracking system can efficiently control two parallel rows with a pre-defined number of solar concentrators, as well as automatically detecting the presence of impurities on a reflecting radiation surface for the maintenance thereof. The thermal energy produced is harnessed by a heat exchanger, the operation of which is based on conduction, convection and radiation for dehydration uses.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Aldo Agraz Huitron, Angel Alejandro Mejia Santiago
  • Publication number: 20150122310
    Abstract: A concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) cell module, comprising: a shell; a Fresnel lens set, provided on top of said shell; a first solar cell, provided on bottom of said shell and opposite to said Fresnel lens set; and at least a second solar cell, provided on surrounding wall and / or bottom of said shell, so that area originally not capable of generating power is able to generate power, to raise power generating capacity per unit area of said concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) cell module.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Liann-Be CHANG, Hsin-Chien CHEN, Chun-Yi TUNG, Fu-Ciang YANG
  • Patent number: 9017573
    Abstract: Luminescent compositions are described comprising lanthanide-containing nanoclusters comprising lanthanide atoms bonded to at least one semimetal or transition metal via an oxygen or sulfur atom. Novel compositions include an antenna ligand complexed with the nanoclusters. The rare earth-metal nanoclusters are in the size range of 1 to 100 nm. Articles, such as solar cells, are described in which the nanoclusters (with or without antenna ligands) are dispersed in a polymer matrix. Novel methods of making luminescent films are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Batlelle Japan Corporation
    Inventors: Steven M. Risser, Vincent McGinniss, David W. Nippa, Paul Edward Burrows, Asanga B. Padmaperuma, Sambhu N. Kundu, Hiroshi Mataki
  • Patent number: 9000289
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for air conditioning, capturing combustion contaminants, desalination, and other processes using liquid desiccants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: 7AC Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter F. Vandermeulen, Jack I. Hanoka, Chaim Hanoka
  • Publication number: 20150083194
    Abstract: A solar light-heat hybrid power generation system having an improved efficiency is provided. A solar light-heat hybrid power generation system (100) that performs power generation by use of sunlight (52) and solar heat (52) includes a light collecting mirror (10) having an infrared reflective film (20) formed on a surface (10a) thereof; a heat collecting section (60) that collects infrared rays (55) reflected by the infrared reflective film (20) on the surface (10a) of the light collecting mirror (10); a power generator (84) including a turbine (82) rotatable by steam generated by heat collected to the heat collecting section (60); and a solar cell panel (30) including a solar cell (32) located inside the light collecting mirror (10).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Ryoichi Matsushima
  • Publication number: 20150083195
    Abstract: The invention concerns a device for collecting infrared solar radiation by heating a circulating blade of air circulating between two transparent glazed walls. The first glazed wall polarises light in a circular manner. The second glazed wall reflects infrared radiation towards the first glazed wall. The infrared radiation which has been reflected has changed polarisation direction and is then absorbed by the first glazed wall which heats up, and in turn heats the circulating blade of air in contact with same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: SUNPARTNER
    Inventor: Jöel Gilbert
  • Publication number: 20150083196
    Abstract: Provided is a magneto-thermoelectric generator (MTG) device for energy harvesting and more particularly a device for converting waste thermal heat from a photovoltaic cell into mechanical energy and ultimately into electrical energy. Embodiments operate on the principle of thermally-induced switching between open and closed states of a ferromagnetic switch to generate mechanical oscillations that cause strain in a piezoelectric material, resulting in the generation of electrical energy. A structure capable of providing a non-linear restoring force provides mechanical energy to the device, which is a significant improvement over prior art MTG devices employing a linear spring restorative force. The device is also provided as a hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/MTG energy harvester for scavenging heat from photovoltaic cells. The hybrid PV/MTG device is particularly useful for harvesting waste heat to boost power generation, extend flight duration, and provide thermal management aboard HALE platforms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: David Todd Gray, John Moore Coggin
  • Patent number: 8985097
    Abstract: A device and method of its production for a micro-channel thermal absorber to be used as a solar thermal collector, heat collector, or heat dissipater, extruded or continuously cast in one piece or in modular segments from a metal, plastic, or glass and assembled into panels of different structures seamlessly integrated into the envelope of a building as covering layers or structural elements. The micro-channel thermal absorber comprises an active plate, a back plate adjacent to the active plate, and a plurality of micro-channel walls arranged substantially perpendicular to the active plate and the back plate to define a plurality of fluid transport micro-channels configured to allow fluid flow there-along, wherein the micro-channel walls constitute supporting elements between the active plate and the back plate to provide structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Inventors: John Swift, Anne Swift Hendricks
  • Patent number: 8933321
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for automatically or remotely rendering a solar array safe during an emergency or maintenance. A watchdog unit is disclosed for monitoring a signal from a central controller. If the signal is lost, interrupted, or becomes irregular, or if a shutdown signal is received, then the watchdog unit can shutdown one or more solar modules. Shutting down a solar module can mean disconnecting it from a power bus of the solar array or lowering the solar module voltage to a safe level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Tigo Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Ron Hadar, Shmuel Arditi
  • Publication number: 20150000723
    Abstract: A photovoltaic system includes a photovoltaic module having an upper surface. A fluid deposition unit is positioned to deposit a layer of a fluid on the upper surface of the photovoltaic module. A fluid collection unit is positioned to collect fluid deposited on the upper surface of the photovoltaic module. A fluid reservoir is connected to receive fluid from the fluid collection unit. A pump is connected to supply fluid from the fluid reservoir to the fluid deposition unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: TSMC Solar Ltd.
    Inventors: Tzu-Huan CHENG, Li-Huan CHU
  • Patent number: 8921683
    Abstract: A solar powered generator (100) has thermoelectric elements adjacent to and below solar cells. Concentrated sunlight is provided. A heat sink (104), which can be variable in temperature or efficiency, is in contact with the cold junction (108) of the thermoelectric device (103). The thermal resistivity is designed in relation to the energy flux, whereby the thermoelectric device (103) develops a gradient of several hundred Kelvin. Preferably the solar cell comprises a high band gap energy semi-conductor. The generator (100) maintains relatively consistent efficiency over a range of cold junction (108) temperatures. The heat sink (104) can be a hot water system. High efficiencies are achieved using nanocomposite thermoelectric materials. Evenly but thinly dispersing the thermoelectric segments in a matrix of highly insulating material reduces the amount of material required for the segments without sacrificing performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Haoran Hu
  • Patent number: 8922972
    Abstract: An integral solar module power conditioning system includes one or more solar module support frames. Each frame includes a plurality of plug-and-play electrical connectors integrated therewith. A microinverter or microinverter connector is also integrated with each frame. Each frame is configured to receive a respective solar electric module and to carry electrical power through a plurality of solar electric modules and corresponding microinverters connected together via a plurality of solar module support frames connected together via the plurality of integrated plug-and-play electrical connectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Charles Steven Korman, Neil Anthony Johnson, Michael Andrew de Rooij