Aluminum Containing Patents (Class 148/428)
  • Patent number: 11001913
    Abstract: A cast nickel-base superalloy that includes iron added substitutionally for nickel. The cast nickel-base superalloy comprises, in weight percent about 1-6% iron, about 7.5-19.1% cobalt, about 7-22.5% chromium, about 1.2-6.2% aluminum, optionally up to about 5% titanium, optionally up to about 6.5% tantalum, optionally up to about 1% Nb, about 2-6% W, optionally up to about 3% Re, optionally up to about 4% Mo, about 0.05-0.18% C, optionally up to about 0.15% Hf, about 0.004-0.015 B, optionally up to about 0.1% Zr, and the balance Ni and incidental impurities. The superalloy is characterized by a ?? solvus temperature that is within 5% of the ?? solvus temperature of the superalloy that does not include 1-6% Fe and a mole fraction of ?? that is within 15% of the mole fraction of the superalloy that does not include 1-6% Fe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Ganjiang Feng, Jon Conrad Schaeffer, Michael Douglas Arnett
  • Patent number: 10870908
    Abstract: Age-hardening nickel-chromium-cobalt-titanium-aluminum wrought alloy with very good wear resistance combined with very good creep strength, good high-temperature corrosion resistance and good processability, the alloy including (in % by mass) >18 to 26% chromium, 1.5 to 3.0% titanium, 0.6 to 2.0% aluminum, 5.0 to 40% cobalt, 0.005 to 0.10% carbon, 0.0005 to 0.050% nitrogen, 0.0005 to 0.030% phosphorus, max. 0.010% sulfur, max. 0.020% oxygen, max. 0.70% silicon, max. 2.0% manganese, max. 0.05% magnesium, max. 0.05% calcium, max. 0.5% molybdenum, max. 0.5% tungsten, max. 0.2% niobium, max. 0.5% copper, max. 0.5% vanadium, optionally 0 to 20% Fe, optionally 0 to 0.20% Zr, optionally 0.0001 to 0.008% boron, optionally 0-0.20% Y, La, Ce, Ce mixed metal, and/or Hf, and/or 0-0.60% Ta, remainder nickel and the conventional process-related impurities are adjusted in contents of max. 0.002% Pb, max. 0.002% Zn, max. 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: VDM Metals International GmbH
    Inventor: Heike Hattendorf
  • Patent number: 10786878
    Abstract: A method of welding a component and a treated component are provided. The method comprises an initial heat-treating of the component comprising a substrate. The method further comprises removing a portion of the substrate to form a treatment region comprising an exposed surface. The method further comprises buttering the exposed surface with a first filler additive to form a weld metal adjacent to the fusion line comprising an easy-to-weld alloy. The method further comprises welding the component with the easy-to-weld alloy and a second filler additive. The first filler additive comprises a sufficient amount of each of Co, Cr, Mo, Fe, Al, Ti, Mn, C and Ni to form the easy-to-weld alloy, when welded with the hard-to-weld base alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Yan Cui, Srikanth Chandrudu Kottilingam, Brian Lee Tollison
  • Patent number: 10544486
    Abstract: Disclosed are nickel alloys for exhaust system components having improved tensile strength, fatigue strength, oxidation resistance, and abrasion resistance at a high temperature condition. A nickel alloy for exhaust system components according to an embodiment is used for exhaust system components of a vehicle engine, the nickel alloy including: 0.01 to 0.2 wt % of C; 0.1 to 1.0 wt % of Si; 0.1 to 1.5 wt % of Mn; 8 to 24 wt % of Cr; 0.1 to 2.5 wt % of Nb; 0.1 to 4.0 wt % of Al; 0.01 to 1 wt % of Co; 0.01 to 5.0 wt % of Mo; 0.01 to 4 wt % of W; 0.1 to 1 wt % of Ta; 0.1 to 2.4 wt % of Ti; 4.0 to 11.0 wt % of Fe; a remainder being Ni; and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventors: Min Woo Kang, Sung Chul Cha, Joong Kil Choe
  • Patent number: 10526916
    Abstract: A heat exchanger for use in a gas turbine engine has a central body including an inlet manifold and at least one tube providing an outlet manifold, and a plurality of tubes communicating holes in an outer periphery of the inlet manifold to holes in an outer periphery of the outlet manifold, and passages for cooling air to pass across the tubes. A gas turbine engine is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Frederick M. Schwarz, Paul W. Duesler
  • Patent number: 10414003
    Abstract: Welding material for welding of superalloys comprising boron with the range of 0.3-0.8 wt. % B, 0.2-0.8 wt. % C, 17-23 wt. % Cr, 0.35-10 wt. % Mo, 0.1-4.15 wt. % Nb with nickel or iron and impurities to balance for weld repair of engine components manufactured of precipitation hardening superalloys with high content of gamma prime phase at an ambient temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Liburdi Engineering Limited
    Inventors: Alexander B. Goncharov, Joseph Liburdi, Paul Lowden
  • Patent number: 10335881
    Abstract: The present invention relates to composition comprising a blend of at least one boron source and at least one silicon source, and the composition further comprises particles selected from particles having wear resistance properties, particles having surface enhancing properties, particles having catalytic properties or combinations thereof, wherein the blend comprises boron and silicon in a weight ratio boron to silicon within a range from about 3:100 wt:wt to about 100:3 wt:wt, wherein silicon and boron are present in the blend in at least 25 wt %, and wherein the at least one boron source and the at least one silicon source are oxygen free except for inevitable amounts of contaminating oxygen, and wherein the blend is a mechanical blend of particles in and the particles have an average particle size less than 250 ?m. The present invention relates further to a method for providing a coated product and a coated product obtained by the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB
    Inventor: Per Sjödin
  • Patent number: 10266918
    Abstract: There is provided a Ni-based alloy excellent in hot forgeability, high-temperature oxidation resistance, and high-temperature halogen gas corrosion resistance that is suitable as constituent materials, such as a baking tray for chip capacitor, a baking tray for lithium battery cathode material, a CVD apparatus member, a PVD apparatus member, an LCD apparatus member, and a semiconductor manufacturing apparatus member. The Ni-based alloy contains, by weight, 2.0 to 5.0% Al, 0.1 to 2.5% Si, 0.1 to 1.5% Mn, 0.001 to 0.01% B, 0.001 to 0.1% of Zr, and the balance of Ni with inevitable impurities and excels in hot forgeability, high-temperature oxidation resistance, and high-temperature halogen gas corrosion resistance. The Ni-based alloy may further contain 0.8 to 4.0% Cr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hirokazu Sakai, Katsuo Sugahara
  • Patent number: 10174408
    Abstract: An alumina-forming, high temperature creep resistant alloy is composed essentially of, in terms of weight percent: up to 10 Fe, 3.3 to 4.6 Al, 6 to 22 Cr, 0.68 to 0.74 Mn, 5.2 to 6.6 Mo, 0.4 to 1.2 Ti, up to 0.1 Hf, 0.005 to 0.05 La, 0.4 to 0.6 W, 0.1 to 0.35 C, up to 0.002 B, 0.001 to 0.02 N, balance Ni.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: Govindarajan Muralidharan, Bruce A. Pint
  • Patent number: 10016846
    Abstract: A method is disclosed including operations for repairing a component. The method includes providing a component including one of titanium and a titanium alloy, providing a laser deposition device, and providing a shielding means that ensures an oxygen content remains below a first threshold and that a water vapor content remains below a second threshold in a target area of the component. The method further includes depositing a metal material on the component, where the depositing includes operating the deposition device along a tool path including a plurality of tool passes, wherein the tool path further comprises a deposition device velocity specification, a laser power specification, and a specified delay time between each of the plurality of tool passes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Gregory Thomas Krause
  • Patent number: 10017844
    Abstract: An article includes a substrate comprising a precipitate-strengthened alloy and a coating disposed over the substrate. The alloy comprises a) a population of gamma-prime precipitates, the population having a multimodal size distribution with at least one mode corresponding to a size of less than about 100 nanometers; or b) a population of gamma-double-prime precipitates having a median size less than about 300 nanometers. The coating comprises at least two elements, and further comprises a plurality of prior particles. At least a portion of the coating is substantially free of rapid solidification artifacts. Methods for fabricating the article and for processing powder useful for fabricating the article are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Andrew Joseph Detor, Leonardo Ajdelsztajn, Thomas Michael Bigelow, Richard Didomizio, Andrew William Emge, James Anthony Ruud, Michael James Weimer
  • Patent number: 9957629
    Abstract: A modified electroplated nickel-based metallic alloy coating and method of forming the same is provided. The electroplated coatings exhibit unique microstructure and composition which improves performance over conventional metallic materials. The coatings have significantly higher strength at elevated service temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: PRAXAIR S.T. TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: John Foster, Zhihong Tang, Kevin Garing, Bradley J. Burton, Thomas F. Lewis, III
  • Patent number: 9932655
    Abstract: A Ni-based alloy includes, as a chemical composition, C, Si, Mn, Cr, Mo, Co, Al, Ti, B, P, S, and a balance consisting of Ni and impurities. The average grain size d is 10 ?m to 300 ?m, when the average grain size d is an average grain size in unit of ?m of a ? phase included in a metallographic structure of the Ni-based alloy. Precipitates with a major axis of 100 nm or more are absent in the metallographic structure. An area fraction ? is f2 or more, when the area fraction ? and the f2 are expressed by using the average grain size d and amounts in mass % of each element in the chemical composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomoaki Hamaguchi, Hiroyuki Semba, Hirokazu Okada
  • Patent number: 9878403
    Abstract: A Ni-based alloy for a welding material including, by mass, 0.001 to 0.1% of C, 18 to 25% of Co, 16 to 20% of Cr, 2.5 to 3.5% of Al, 9.0 to 15.0% of Mo+W, 0.001 to 0.03% of B and the balance being Ni and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi, Jun Sato
  • Patent number: 9859026
    Abstract: An austenitic alloy tube subjected to a cold working and an annealing heat treatment contains C: 0.01% to 0.15%, Cr: 10.0% to 40.0%, Ni: 8.0% to 80.0%, in mass %, and has a metallographic structure satisfying the following Expressions (i) to (iii). R?f1??(i) R=I220/I111??(ii) f1=0.28×(F1118.0/(F1118.0+0.358.0))??(iii) Where, in the above Expressions, R is a ratio of an integrated intensity of {220} to an integrated intensity of {111} on a surface layer which is measured by a grazing incidence X-ray diffraction method, I220 is the integrated intensity of {220}, I111 is the integrated intensity of {111}, and F111 is full width of half maximum of {111} on the surface layer which is measured by the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yumi Momozono, Mitsuharu Yonemura, Yasuhiro Masaki, Manabu Kanzaki
  • Patent number: 9828656
    Abstract: In a Ni-base alloy, an area-equivalent diameter D is calculated. D is defined by D=A1/2 from an area A of a largest nitride in a field of view when an observation area S0 is observed. This process is repeated in n fields of view for measurement, where n is the number of the fields of view for measurement, so as to acquire n pieces of data on D, and the pieces are arranged in ascending order D1, D2, . . . , Dn to obtain a reduced variate yj. The obtained values are plotted on X-Y axis coordinates, where an X axis corresponds to D and a Y axis corresponds to yj. In a regression line yj=a×D+b, yj is obtained when a target cross-sectional area S is set to 100 mm2. When the obtained yj is substituted into the regression line, the estimated nitride maximum size is ?25 ?m in diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals MMC Superalloy, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masato Itoh, Kenichi Yaguchi, Tadashi Fukuda, Takanori Matsui
  • Patent number: 9518310
    Abstract: A gamma prime nickel-base superalloy and components formed therefrom that exhibit improved high-temperature dwell capabilities, including creep and hold time fatigue crack growth behavior. A particular example of a component is a powder metallurgy turbine disk of a gas turbine engine. The gamma-prime nickel-base superalloy contains, by weight: 16.0 to 30.0% cobalt; 9.5 to 12.5% chromium; 4.0 to 6.0% tantalum; 2.0 to 4.0% aluminum; 2.0 to 3.4% titanium; 3.0 to 6.0% tungsten; 1.0 to 4.0% molybdenum; 1.5 to 3.5% niobium; up to 1.0% hafnium; 0.02 to 0.20% carbon; 0.01 to 0.05% boron; 0.02 to 0.10% zirconium; the balance essentially nickel and impurities. The superalloy has a W+Nb?Cr value of at least ?6, is free of observable amounts of sigma and eta phases, and exhibits a time to 0.2% creep at 1300° F. and 100 ksi of at least 1000 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Paul Mourer, Richard DiDomizio, Timothy Hanlon, Daniel Yeuching Wei, Andrew Ezekiel Wessman, Kenneth Rees Bain, Andrew Martin Powell
  • Patent number: 9512731
    Abstract: The Ni based forged alloy has a composition containing, on the basis of mass percent, Al: 0.5 to 1.0%, Cr: 17 to 21%, Fe: 17 to 19%, Nb: 4.5 to 5.5%, Ti: 0.8 to 1.3%, W: 3.0 to 6.0%, B: 0.001 to 0.03%, C: 0.001 to 0.015%, and Mo: 1.0% or less, the balance being Ni and inevitable impurities. The alloy includes carbide grains of the contained elements. The carbide grains have an average grain diameter of 20 ?m or less. Thus, a Ni based forged alloy is provided which is excellent in high-temperature fatigue property and has a moderate macrosegregation property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Shibayama, Shinya Imano, Hideki Tamaki
  • Patent number: 9328403
    Abstract: A Ni-based heat resistant alloy as pipe, plate, rod, forgings and the like consists of C?0.15%, Si?2%, Mn?3%, P?0.03%, S?0.01%, Cr: 15% or more and less than 28%, Mo: 3 to 15%, Co: more than 5% and not more than 25%, Al: 0.2 to 2%, Ti: 0.2% to 3%, Nd: fn to 0.08%, and O?0.4Nd, further containing, as necessary, at least one kind of Nb, W, B, Zr, Hf, Mg, Ca, Y, La, Ce, Ta, Re and Fe of specific amounts, the balance being Ni and impurities, wherein, fn=1.7×10?5d+0.05{(Al/26.98)+(Ti/47.88)+(Nb/92.91)}. In the formula, d denotes an average grain size (?m), and each element symbol denotes the content (mass %) of that element. If the alloy contains W, Mo+(W/2)?15% holds. The alloy has improved ductility after long-term use at high temperatures, and cracking due to welding can be avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Semba, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Hirata, Mitsuru Yoshizawa, Atsuro Iseda
  • Patent number: 9051844
    Abstract: A heat resistant super alloy suffices the following conditions: carbon 0.01-0.2 percent in weight chromium 8-10 percent in weight aluminum 4-6 percent in weight titanium 2-4 percent in weight molybdenum 1.5-2.8 percent in weight tungsten 10-13.5 percent in weight niobium 1.5-2.5 percent in weight boron 0 < B ? 0.04 percent in weight zircon 0 < Zr ? 0.15 percent in weight the contents of hafnium and lanthanum together amounts to 0 < Hf + La ? 1.5 percent in weight, optionally traces of tantalum, the remainder being nickel. Such an alloy is preferably used for turbine wheels and particularly for turbochargers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: BorgWarner Inc.
    Inventor: Gerald Schall
  • Patent number: 9017490
    Abstract: A high strength, corrosion resistant alloy suitable for use in oil and gas environments includes, in weight %: 0-12% Fe, 18-24% Cr, 3-6.2% Mo, 0.05-3.0% Cu, 4.0-6.5% Nb, 1.1-2.2% Ti, 0.05-0.4% 0.05-0.2% Al, 0.005-0.040% C, balance Ni plus incidental impurities and deoxidizers. A ratio of Nb/(Ti+Al) is equal to 2.5-7.5 to provide a desired volume fraction of ?? and ?? phases. The alloy has a minimum yield strength of 145 ksi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Huntington Alloys Corporation
    Inventor: Sarwan Kumar Mannan
  • Patent number: 8992700
    Abstract: A gamma prime nickel-base superalloy and components formed therefrom that exhibit improved high-temperature dwell capabilities, including creep and hold time fatigue crack growth behavior. A particular example of a component is a powder metallurgy turbine disk of a gas turbine engine. The gamma-prime nickel-base superalloy contains, by weight, 18.0 to 30.0% cobalt, 11.4 to 16.0% chromium, up to 6.0% tantalum, 2.5 to 3.5% aluminum, 2.5 to 4.0% titanium, 5.5 to 7.5% molybdenum, up to 2.0% niobium, up to 2.0% hafnium, 0.04 to 0.20% carbon, 0.01 to 0.05% boron, 0.03 to 0.09% zirconium, the balance essentially nickel and impurities, wherein the titanium:aluminum weight ratio is 0.71 to 1.60.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Kenneth Rees Bain, David Paul Mourer, Richard DiDomizio, Timothy Hanlon, Laurent Cretegny, Andrew Ezekiel Wessman
  • Patent number: 8992699
    Abstract: A gamma prime nickel-base superalloy and components formed therefrom that exhibit improved high-temperature dwell capabilities, including creep and hold time fatigue crack growth behavior. A particular example of a component is a powder metallurgy turbine disk of a gas turbine engine. The gamma-prime nickel-base superalloy contains, by weight, 16.0 to 30.0% cobalt, 11.5 to 15.0% chromium, 4.0 to 6.0% tantalum, 2.0 to 4.0% aluminum, 1.5 to 6.0% titanium, up to 5.0% tungsten, 1.0 to 7.0% molybdenum, up to 3.5% niobium, up to 1.0% hafnium, 0.02 to 0.20% carbon, 0.01 to 0.05% boron, 0.02 to 0.10% zirconium, the balance essentially nickel and impurities, wherein the titanium:aluminum weight ratio is 0.5 to 2.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Kenneth Rees Bain, David Paul Mourer, Richard DiDomizio, Timothy Hanlon, Laurent Cretegny, Andrew Ezekiel Wessman
  • Patent number: 8968643
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide an Ni-based single crystal super alloy capable of improving strength by preventing precipitation of a TCP phase at high temperatures. This object is achieved by an Ni-based single crystal super alloy having a composition comprising 5.0-7.0 wt % of Al, 4.0-10.0 wt % of Ta, 1.1-4.5 wt % of Mo, 4.0-10.0 wt % of W, 3.1-8.0 wt % of Re, 0-0.50 wt % of Hf, 2.0-5.0 wt % of Cr, 0-9.9 wt % of Co and 4.1-14.0 wt % of Ru in terms of its weight ratio, with the remainder consisting of Ni and unavoidable impurities. Furthermore, in this Ni-based single crystal super alloy, when lattice constant of matrix is taken to be a1 and lattice constant of precipitation phase is taken to be a2, a2?0.999a1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignees: National Institute for Materials Science, IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiharu Kobayashi, Yutaka Koizumi, Tadaharu Yokokawa, Hiroshi Harada, Yasuhiro Aoki, Mikiya Arai, Shoju Masaki
  • Patent number: 8920937
    Abstract: A protective coating system includes a nickel-aluminum-zirconium alloy coating having beta phase nickel-aluminum and at least one phase selected from gamma phase nickel and the gamma prime phase nickel-aluminum. The nickel-aluminum-zirconium alloy coating comprises 10 vol % to 60 vol % of the beta phase nickel-aluminum or 25 vol % to 75 vol % of the beta phase nickel-aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: David A. Litton, Venkatarama K. Seetharaman, Michael J. Maloney, Benjamin J. Zimmerman, Brian S. Tryon
  • Publication number: 20140373979
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a nickel-based heat-resistant superalloy produced by a casting and forging method, the nickel-based heat-resistant superalloy comprising 2.0 mass % or more but 25 mass % or less of chromium, 0.2 mass % or more but 7.0 mass % or less of aluminum, 19.5 mass % or more but 55.0 mass % or less of cobalt, [0.17×(mass % of cobalt content?23)+3] mass % or more but [0.17×(mass % of cobalt content?20)+7] mass % or less and 5.1 mass % or more of titanium, and the balance being nickel and inevitable impurities, and being subjected to solution heat treatment at 93% or more but less than 100% of a ?? solvus temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Yuefeng Gu, Toshio Osada, Yong Yuan, Tadaharu Yokokawa, Hiroshi Harada
  • Patent number: 8876989
    Abstract: Low rhenium nickel base superalloy compositions and articles formed from the superalloy composition are provided. The nickel base superalloy composition includes in percentages by weight: about 5-8 Cr; about 6.5-9 Co; about 1.3-2.5 Mo; about 4.8-6.8 W; about 6.0-7.0 Ta; if present, up to about 0.5 Ti; about 6.0-6.4 Al; about 1-2.3 Re; if present, up to about 0.6 Hf; if present, up to 1.5 C; if present, up to about 0.015 B; the balance being nickel and incidental impurities. Exemplary compositions are characterized by an Re ratio defined as the weight % of Re relative to the total of the weight % of W and the wt % of Mo, of less than about 0.3. Exemplary articles include airfoils for gas turbine engine blades or vanes, nozzles, shrouds, and splash plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Kevin Swayne O'Hara, Laura Jill Carroll
  • Patent number: 8864919
    Abstract: It is an objective of the invention to provide a Ni-based forged alloy having good large ingot formability and good hot formability as well as high mechanical strength at high temperature. There is provided a Ni-based forged alloy comprising: 0.001 to 0.1 mass % of C; 0.001 to 0.01 mass % of B; 16 to 22 mass % of Cr; 0.5 to 1.5 mass % of Al; 0.1 to 6.0 mass % of W; 3.5 to 5.5 mass % of Nb; 0.8 to 3.0 mass % of Ti; 16 to 20 mass % of Fe; 2.0 mass % or less of Mo; and the balance including Ni and unavoidable impurities, in which: a segregation parameter Ps defined by a formula of “Ps (mass %) =1.05×[Al concentration (mass %)]+0.6×[Ti concentration (mass %)]?0.8×[Nb concentration (mass %)]?0.3×[Mo concentration (mass %)]” satisfies a relationship of “Ps??3.0 mass %”; and a total amount of W and Mo is 1.75 atomic % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun Sato, Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi, Takashi Shibayama
  • Patent number: 8845958
    Abstract: Provided is an Ni-base alloy excellent in strength, ductility and other properties through the resolution of micro-segregation. Also provided is a process for manufacturing an Ni-base alloy containing by mass C:0.15% or less, Si:1% or less, Mn:1% or less, Cr:10 to 24%, Mo+(1/2)W (where Mo may be contained either alone or as an essential component):5 to 17%, Al:0.5 to 1.8%, Ti:1 to 2.5%, Mg:0.02% or less, and either B:0.02% or less and/or Zr:0.2% or less at an Al/(Al+0.56Ti) ratio of 0.45 to 0.70 with the balance consisting of Ni and impurities, which comprises subjecting, at least one time, an Ni-base alloy material which is prepared by vacuum melting and has the above composition to homogenization heat treatment at 1160 to 1220° C. for 1 to 100 hours. The Mo segregation ratio of the alloy is controlled to 1 to 1.17 by the homogenization heat treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chuya Aoki, Toshihiro Uehara, Takehiro Ohno
  • Publication number: 20140241936
    Abstract: The invention relates to a nickel alloy derived from René 125, but with reduced levels of certain elements (Zr, B, P, S, Si and, to a lesser extent, Ti and Hf) in order to limit the appearance of cracks upon solidification in a moulding process. Specifically, 4.80%?Al?5.00%, 1.48%?Hf?1.52%, 2.28%?Ti?2.33%, 0.005%?B?0.01%, 1.77%?Mo?1.97%, and Zr?0.007%. Other elements can have levels that match those of René 125.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: SNECMA
    Inventors: Karine Deschandol, Nicole Foucard, Michel Raguet, Francois Tievant
  • Patent number: 8808473
    Abstract: An austenitic heat resistant alloy includes, by mass percent, C: 0.15% or less, Si: 2% or less, Mn: 3% or less, Ni: 40 to 60%, Co: 10.14 to 25%, Cr: 15% or more and less than 28%, either one or both of Mo: 12% or less and W: less than 0.05%, the total content thereof being 0.1 to 12%, Nd: 0.001 to 0.1%, B: 0.0005 to 0.006%, N: 0.03% or less, O: 0.03% or less, at least one selected from Al: 1.36% or less, Ti: 3% or less, and Nb: 3% or less, and the balance being Fe and impurities. The contents of P and S in the impurities are P: 0.03% or less and S: 0.01% or less. The alloy satisfies 1?4×Al+2×Ti+Nb?12 and P+0.2×Cr×B?0.035, where an element in the Formulas represents the content by mass percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Hirata, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Atsuro Iseda, Mitsuru Yoshizawa
  • Patent number: 8801876
    Abstract: [Problem to be Solved] A Ni-based alloy product consisting of, by mass percent, C: 0.03 to 0.10%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 1.5%, Sol.Al: 0.0005 to 0.04%, Fe: 20 to 30%, Cr: not less than 21.0% and less than 25.0%, W: exceeding 6.0% and not more than 9.0%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.2%, Nb: 0.05 to 0.35%, and B: 0.0005 to 0.006%, the balance being Ni and impurities, the impurities being P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, N: less than 0.010%, Mo: less than 0.5%, and Co: 0.8% or less, wherein a value of effective B (Beff) defined by the formula, Beff (%)=B?(11/14)×N+(11/48)×Ti, is 0.0050 to 0.0300%, and the rupture elongation in a tensile test at 700° C. and at a strain rate of 10?6/sec is 20% or more. This alloy may contain one or more kinds of Cu, Ta, Zr, Mg, Ca, REM, and Pd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Atsuro Iseda, Hiroyuki Hirata, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba
  • Patent number: 8801875
    Abstract: A radiopaque alloy based on titanium nickelide and having shape memory and superelastic properties includes, according to one embodiment, at least one radiopaque alloying element selected from among gold, platinum, and palladium at a concentration of from about 10 at. % to about 20 at. %, and at least one additional alloying element selected from among aluminum, chromium, cobalt, iron, and zirconium, where the additional alloying element has a concentration of from about 0.5 at. % to about 4 at. %. The alloy includes titanium at a concentration of from about 48 at. % to about 52 at. %, and the balance of the alloy is nickel. The radiopaque alloy preferably exhibits superelastic behavior suitable for medical device applications in the human body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Cook Medical Technologies LLC, Lithotech Medical Ltd.
    Inventors: Valery Diamant, Dan Koren, Alexander I. Lotkov, Vladimir P. Sivokha, Liydmila L. Meysner, Viktor N. Grishkov, Vladimir P. Voronin
  • Patent number: 8790473
    Abstract: A method of forging includes a first forging action that changes the shape of a metallic alloy work piece. A second forging action further changes the shape of the metallic alloy work piece after the first forging action. A heat treatment step is conducted after the first forging action and prior to the second forging action. The heat treatment step includes subjecting the metallic alloy work piece to a heat treatment temperature that alters the microstructure of the metallic alloy work piece without the application of a forging action that changes the shape of the metallic alloy work piece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Prabir R. Bhowal, Agnieszka M. Wusatowska-Sarnek
  • Patent number: 8771440
    Abstract: A Ni-based single crystal superalloy according to the invention has, for example, a composition including: 5.0 to 7.0 wt % of Al, 4.0 to 10.0 wt % of Ta, 1.1 to 4.5 wt % of Mo, 4.0 to 10.0 wt % of W, 3.1 to 8.0 wt % of Re, 0.0 to 2.0 wt % of Hf, 2.5 to 8.5 wt % of Cr, 0.0 to 9.9 wt % of Co, 0.0 to 4.0 wt % of Nb, and 1.0 to 14.0 wt % of Ru in terms of weight ratio; and the remainder including Ni and incidental impurities. In addition, the contents of Cr, Hf and Al are preferably set so as to satisfy the equation OP?108. According to the Ni-based single crystal superalloy of the invention, high creep strength can be maintained and the oxidation resistance can be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignees: National Institute for Materials Science, IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Akihiro Sato, Hiroshi Harada, Kyoko Kawagishi, Toshiharu Kobayashi, Tadaharu Yokokawa, Yutaka Koizumi, Yasuhiro Aoki, Mikiya Arai, Kazuyoshi Chikugo, Shoju Masaki
  • Patent number: 8728255
    Abstract: Provided is a pot-shaped copper sputtering target manufactured with die forging, wherein the Vickers hardness Hv at all locations of the inner surface of the pot-shaped target is 70 or greater. With this pot-shaped copper sputtering target, the average crystal grain size in the target structure is 65 ?m or less. Further, the inner surface of the pot-shaped target comprises crystalline orientations of (220), (111), (200), (311) obtained by X-ray diffraction, and the crystalline orientation of the face subject to erosion of the pot-shaped target is of a (220) primary orientation. An object of the present invention is to obtain a manufacturing method of a high quality sputtering target by improving and devising the forging process and heat treatment process to make the crystal grain size refined and uniform, and to obtain a high-quality sputtering target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Fukushima, Shiro Tsukamoto
  • Patent number: 8613810
    Abstract: A gamma prime nickel-base superalloy and components formed therefrom that exhibit improved high-temperature dwell capabilities, including creep and dwell fatigue crack growth behavior. The superalloy contains, by weight, 10.00 to 22.0% cobalt, 10.0 to 14.0% chromium, 4.0 to 6.0% tantalum, 2.0 to 4.0% aluminum, 2.0 to 6.0% titanium, 1.5 to 5.0% tungsten, 1.5 to 5.0% molybdenum, 1.0 to 3.5% niobium, 0.05 to 0.6% hafnium, 0.02 to 0.10% carbon, 0.01 to 0.40% boron, 0.02 to 0.10% zirconium, the balance essentially nickel and impurities, wherein the titanium:aluminum weight ratio is 0.7 to 1.5. The superalloy is hot worked and heat treated to contain cellular gamma prime precipitates that distort grain boundaries, creating tortuous grain boundary fracture paths that are believed to promote the fatigue crack growth resistance of the superalloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Paul Mourer, Kenneth Rees Bain
  • Patent number: 8551266
    Abstract: A method for heat treating a nickel base alloy includes the steps of: a. heating a nickel base alloy to at least its delta (?) phase solvus temperature, and lower than its incipient melting temperature for a predetermined time sufficient to dissolve substantially all of the nickel base alloy's delta (?) phase, and b. cooling the nickel base alloy to a temperature below the gamma prime (?) precipitation temperature at a rate sufficient to precipitate the alloy's chromium carbide and gamma prime (?) in a serrated grain boundary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Volvo Aero Corporation
    Inventors: Dzevad Imamovic, Göran Sjöberg
  • Publication number: 20130206287
    Abstract: A Co-based alloy containing not less than 0.001 mass % and less than 0.100 mass % of C, not less than 9.0 mass % and less than 20.0 mass % of Cr, not less than 2.0 mass % and less than 5.0 mass % of Al, not less than 13.0 mass % and less than 20.0 mass % of W, and not less than 39.0 mass % and less than 55.0 mass % of Ni, with the remainder being made up by Co and unavoidable impurities, wherein the contents of Mo, Nb, Ti and Ta which are included in the unavoidable impurities are as follows: Mo<0.010 mass %, Nb<0.010 mass %, Ti<0.010 mass %, and Ta<0.010 mass %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicants: TOHOKU UNIVERSITY, HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Jun Sato, Shinya Imano, Mototsugu Osaki, Shigeki Ueta, Kiyohito Ishida, Toshihiro Omori, Hiroaki Nishida, Masahiro Hayashi, Tomoki Shiota
  • Patent number: 8491838
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a low thermal expansion Ni-base superalloy containing, in terms of mass %, C: 0.15% or less; Si: 1% or less; Mn: 1% or less; Cr: 5% or more but less than 20%; at least one of Mo, W and Re, in which Mo+½(W+Re) is 5% or more but less than 20%; W: 10% or less; Al: 0.1 to 2.5%; Ti: 0.10 to 0.95%; Nb+½Ta: 1.5% or less; B: 0.001 to 0.02%; Zr: 0.001 to 0.2%; Fe: 4.0% or less; and a balance of inevitable impurities and Ni, in which the total amount of Al, Ti, Nb and Ta is 2.0 to 6.5% in terms of atomic %. The low thermal expansion Ni-base superalloy of the present invention has a thermal expansion coefficient almost equal to that of 12 Cr ferritic steel, excellent high temperature strength, excellent corrosion and oxidation resistance, good hot-workability, and excellent weldability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignees: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuji Hamano, Shigeki Ueta, Ryuichi Yamamoto, Yoshikuni Kadoya, Takashi Nakano, Shin Nishimoto
  • Patent number: 8470106
    Abstract: A heat treatment method for desensitizing a nickel-based alloy with respect to environmentally-assisted cracking, the alloy having the following composition in percentages by weight: C?0.10%; Mn?0.5%; Si?0.5%; P?0.015%; S?0.015%; Ni?40%; Cr=12%-40%; Co?10%; Al?5%; Mo=0.1%-15%; Ti?5%; B?0.01%; Cu?5%; W=0.1%-15%; Nb=0-10%; Ta?10%; the balance being Fe, and inevitable impurities that result from processing, characterized in that the alloy is held at 950° C.-1160° C. in an atmosphere of pure hydrogen or containing at least 100 ppm of hydrogen mixed with an inert gas. A part made of a nickel-based alloy having the composition and that has been subjected to the heat treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Areva NP
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Cloue, Veronique Garat, Eric Andrieu, Julien Deleume
  • Patent number: 8460482
    Abstract: A heat-resistant alloy spring is made of a Ni-based alloy material comprising in weight %: not more than 0.1% C; not more than 1.0% Si; not more than 1.50% Mn; 13.0 to 25.0% Cr; 1.5 to 7.0% Mo; 0.5 to 4.0% Ti; 0.1 to 3.0% Al; {at least one optional element selected from the group consisting of 0.15 to 2.50% W, 0.001 to 0.020% B, 0.01 to 0.3% Zr, 0.30 to 6.00% Nb, 5.0 to 18.0% Co, and 0.03 to 2.00% Cu}; the balance being essentially Ni; and incidental impurities. The Ni-based alloy material is provided in its crystal structure with gamma prime phase [Ni3(Al, Ti)] or gamma prime phase [Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb)].
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignees: Nippon Seisen Co., Ltd., Chuo Spring Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshinori Tanimoto, Naoyuki Kawahata, Shoji Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Shiga
  • Patent number: 8449262
    Abstract: Nickel-based superalloys, turbine blades, and methods of improving or repairing turbine engine components are included. A nickel-based superalloy includes, by weight, about 5% to about 12% cobalt, about 3% to about 10% chromium, about 5.5% to about 6.3% aluminum, about 5% to about 10% tantalum, about 3% to about 10% rhenium, about 2% to about 5% of one or more of elements selected from a group consisting of platinum, ruthenium, palladium, and iridium, about 0.1% to about 1.0% hafnium, about 0.01% to about 0.4% yttrium, about 0.01% to about 0.15% silicon, and a balance of nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventor: Tom Strangman
  • Patent number: 8444778
    Abstract: Disclosed is a low-thermal-expansion Ni-based super-heat-resistant alloy for a boiler, which has excellent high-temperature strength. The alloy can be welded without the need of carrying out any aging treatment. The alloy has a Vickers hardness value of 240 or less. The alloy comprises (by mass) C in an amount of 0.2% or less, Si in an amount of 0.5% or less, Mn in an amount of 0.5% or less, Cr in an amount of 10 to 24%, one or both of Mo and W in such an amount satisfying the following formula: Mo+0.5 W=5 to 17%, Al in an amount of 0.5 to 2.0%, Ti in an amount of 1.0 to 3.0%, Fe in an amount of 10% or less, and one or both of B and Zr in an amount of 0.02% or less (excluding 0%) for B and in an amount of 0.2% or less (excluding 0%) for Zr, with the remainder being 48 to 78% of Ni and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignees: Hitachi Metals, Ltd., Babcock-Hitachi Kabushiki Kaisha, Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshihiro Uehara, Takehiro Ohno, Akihiro Toji, Takashi Sato, Gang Bao, Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi
  • Patent number: 8431073
    Abstract: A nickel base gamma prime strengthened superalloy with a unique blend of adequate hot corrosion resistance, high oxidation resistance, high coating compatibility, adequate phase stability, adequate creep resistance and low density is disclosed. The composition includes: Up to 20 wt % Co, between 12 and 14 wt % Cr, between 1 and 2 wt % Mo, between 1.4 and 2.8 wt % W, between 5.1 and 5.9 wt % Al, between 1.1 and 1.6 wt % Ti, between 3 and 7 wt % Ta, between 0.01 and 0.3 wt % of C+Zr+B, between 0.05 and 1 wt % Hf, between 0.05 and 1 wt % Si, and between 0.01 and 0.2 wt % of the sum of rare earths such as Sc, Y, the actinides and the lanthanides. The composition is intended for use in hot components such as gas turbine blades, and the hot components are preferably produced by clean casting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Magnus Hasselqvist
  • Patent number: 8426033
    Abstract: Provided are precipitation hardened high strength nickel based alloy welds that yield improved properties and performance in joining high strength metals. The advantageous weldments include two or more segments of ferrous or non-ferrous components, and fusion welds, friction stir welds, electron beam welds, laser beam welds, or a combination thereof bonding adjacent segments of the components together, wherein the welds comprise a precipitation hardened nickel based alloy weld metal composition including greater than or equal to 1.4 wt % of combined aluminum and titanium based on the total weight of the nickel based alloy weld metal composition. Also provided are methods for forming the welds from the nickel based alloy weld compositions, wherein the precipitation hardening occurs in the as-welded condition. The nickel based welds do not require a separate heat treatment step after welding to produce advantageous strength properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Raghavan Ayer, Neeraj Srinivas Thirumalai, Hyun-Woo Jin, Daniel B. Lillig, Douglas Paul Fairchild, Steven Jeffrey Ford
  • Patent number: 8394210
    Abstract: A nickel-base alloy having favorable toughness and thermal fatigue resistance comprises, in weight percentages based on total alloy weight: 9 to 12 chromium; 25 to 35 iron; 1 to 3 molybdenum; 3.0 to 5.5 niobium; 0.2 to 2.0 aluminum; 0.3 to 3.0 titanium; less than 0.10 carbon; no more than 0.01 boron; nickel; and incidental impurities. Also disclosed are die casting dies, other tooling, and other articles of manufacture made from or comprising the nickel-base alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Wei-Di Cao, Richard L. Kennedy, Michael M. Antony, John W. Smythe
  • Patent number: 8366838
    Abstract: A single crystal alloy for high AN2 applications has a composition consisting essentially of from 4.0 to 10 wt % chromium, from 1.0 to 2.5 wt % molybdenum, up to 5.0 wt % tungsten, from 3.0 to 8.0 wt % tantalum, from 5.5 to 6.25 wt % aluminum, from 6.0 to 17 wt % cobalt, up to 0.2 wt % hafnium, from 4.0 to 6.0 wt % rhenium, from 1.0 to 3.0 wt % ruthenium, and the balance nickel. Further, these single crystal alloys have a total tungsten and molybdenum content in the range of from 1.0 to 7.5 wt %, preferably from 2.0 to 7.0 wt %, a total refractory element content in the range of from 9.0 to 24.5 wt %, preferably from 13 to 22 wt %, a ratio of rhenium to a total refractory element content in the range of from 0.16 to 0.67, preferably from 0.20 to 0.45, a density in the range of from 0.300 to 0.325 lb/in3, and a specific creep strength in the range from 106×103 to 124×103 inches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Venkatarama K. Seetharaman, Alan D. Cetel
  • Patent number: 8343419
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a Ni base alloy solid wire for welding, which has excellent cracking resistance to ductility dip cracking in weld metal, can increase the tensile strength of the weld metal to not less than the tensile strength of the base material, and has excellent weldability. The present invention provides a solid wire which has a composition containing Cr: 27.0 to 31.5 mass %, Ti: 0.50 to 0.90 mass %, Nb: 0.40 to 0.70 mass %, Ta: 0.10 to 0.30 mass %, C: 0.010 to 0.030 mass %, and Fe: 5.0 to 11.0 mass %, and is regulated to Al: 0.10 mass % or less, N: 0.020 mass % or less, Zr 0.005 mass % or less, P:0.010 mass % or less, S: 0.0050 mass % or less, Si: 0.50 mass % or less, and Mn: 1.00 mass % or less, with the balance including Ni and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsunao Ikeda, Masaki Shimamoto, Shun Izutani, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yushi Sawada, Hirohisa Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8334056
    Abstract: An alloy including: about 10 at % to about 30 at % of a Pt-group metal; less than about 23 at % Al; about 0.5 at % to about 2 at % of at least one reactive element selected from Hf, Y, La, Ce and Zr, and combinations thereof; a superalloy substrate constituent selected from the group consisting of Cr, Co, Mo, Ta, Re and combinations thereof; and Ni; wherein the Pt-group metal, Al, the reactive element and the superalloy substrate constituent are present in the alloy in a concentration to the extent that the alloy has a solely ??-Ni3Al phase constitution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian M. Gleeson, Daniel J. Sordelet, Wen Wang