With Electrocoating (e.g., Electroplating, Anodizing, Sputtering, Etc.) Patents (Class 148/518)
  • Patent number: 10533234
    Abstract: Methods for manufacturing hot-stamped components are described. The method includes providing a hot-stamped component by hot forming die quenching, and selecting a first and a second portion of the hot-stamped component, wherein the first portion has a different width than the second portion. A laser system, wherein the laser system includes one or more optical elements and a laser source for generating a laser beam. The laser system is moved along a length of the component. Finally, the laser beam is applied in a single pass onto the selected first and second portions using the laser system, wherein a laser beam spot size is adjusted during the application of the laser beam and is adapted to the widths of the first and second portions, and wherein a power of the laser beam is regulated based on the temperature measured in the hot-stamped component. The disclosure further relates to components obtained using such methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: AUTOTECH ENGINEERING S.L.
    Inventor: Michel Garcia
  • Patent number: 10487404
    Abstract: A method is provided for metallisation of non-conductive substrates providing a high adhesion of the deposited metal to the substrate material and thereby forming a durable bond. The method applies a metal oxide adhesion promoter which is activated and then metal plated. The method provides high adhesion of the non-conductive substrate to the plated metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Atotech Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Zhiming Liu, Hailuo Fu, Sara Hunegnaw, Lutz Brandt
  • Patent number: 10290090
    Abstract: Embodiments provide a method of using image-based tube top circle detection that includes extracting, from one of a series of images of a tube tray, a region of interest (ROI) patch having a target tube top circle and boundaries constrained by two dimensional (2D) projections of different types of tube top circle centers. The method also includes calculating an edge gradient magnitude map of the ROI patch and constructing a three dimensional (3D) map of a circle parameter space, each location in the 3D map corresponding to a circle parameter having a center location and a diameter. The method further includes accumulating weighted votes in the 3D map from edge points in the edge gradient magnitude map along edge point gradient directions, determining locations in the 3D map as circle candidates based on the accumulated votes and selecting a target tube top circle based on the greatest accumulated votes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.
    Inventors: Yao-Jen Chang, Wen Wu, Guillaume Dumont, Benjamin Pollack, Terrence Chen
  • Patent number: 10288118
    Abstract: Provided is a sliding material including a substrate; and a copper alloy layer bonded to the substrate. The copper alloy includes 2.0 to 15.0% by mass of tin. The copper alloy layer includes a sliding body part including a sliding surface, and a gradient region including a bond surface with the substrate. A tin concentration in the gradient region reduces from the sliding body part toward the bond surface. A method for producing the siding material is also provided. The method includes preparing the substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface; melting the copper alloy; casting the molten copper alloy on the first surface of the substrate; and solidifying the copper alloy unidirectionally by cooling the substrate from the second surface by a coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: DAIDO METAL COMPANY LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuaki Toda
  • Patent number: 10253388
    Abstract: The present invention provides: a steel sheet capable of manufacturing a formed product having superior bendability and ultra-high strength when compared with conventional steel sheets for manufacturing a hot press formed product; the formed product having superior bendability and ultra-high strength by using the same; and a method for manufacturing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Yeol-Rae Cho, Jae-Hoon Lee, Jin-Keun Oh, Sim-Kun Min, Chang-Sig Choi
  • Patent number: 10221103
    Abstract: Disclosed are a composite particle and a method of manufacturing the same. The composite particle may have an appropriate level of particle diameter and may maintain a stable shape and internal porous structure when the composite particle is applied during a coating process at high temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Woong Pyo Hong, In Woong Lyo, Hong Kil Baek, Su Jung Noh, Seung Jeong Oh, Seung Woo Lee, Bokyung Kim
  • Patent number: 10174578
    Abstract: Downhole tools including a wellbore isolation device that provides a plurality of components including a mandrel, and a slip assembly comprising a plurality of slip elements including a slip wedge and a slip, wherein an element of the slip assembly is composed of a degradable metal material, and wherein the slip comprises a slip insert embedded therein, the slip insert having a compressive strength of greater than about 120,000 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary William Walton, Michael Linley Fripp
  • Patent number: 10060016
    Abstract: Polycrystalline materials are prepared by electrodeposition of a precursor material that is subsequently heat-treated to induce at least a threefold increase in the grain size of the material to yield a relatively high fraction of ‘special’ low ? grain boundaries and a randomized crystallographic texture. The precursor metallic material has sufficient purity and a fine-grained microstructure (e.g., an average grain size of 4 nm to 5 ?m). The resulting metallic material is suited to the fabrication of articles requiring high mechanical or physical isotropy and/or resistance to grain boundary-mediated deformation or degradation mechanisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: INTEGRAN TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventors: Gino Palumbo, Iain Brooks, Klaus Tomantschger, Peter Lin, Karl Aust, Nandakumar Nagarajan, Francisco Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 9938606
    Abstract: A hot-rolled copper plate consists of pure copper having a purity of 99.99 mass % or greater, the hot-rolled copper plate having an average crystal grain diameter of 40 ?m or less, and a (?3+?9) grain boundary length ratio (L (?3+?9)/L), which is a ratio between a total crystal grain boundary length L measured by an EBSD method and a sum L (?3+?9) of a ?3 grain boundary length L?3 and a ?9 grain boundary length L?9, being 28% or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazunari Maki, Hiroyuki Mori, Isao Arai, Norihisa Iida, Takahiro Takeda, Shigeru Shimoizumi, Shin Oikawa
  • Patent number: 9920446
    Abstract: This relates to a coated substrate for packaging applications and a method for producing the coated substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: TATA STEEL IJMUIDEN BV
    Inventors: Jan Paul Penning, Jacques Hubert Olga Joseph Wijenberg, Ilja Portegies Zwart
  • Patent number: 9916936
    Abstract: A method for forming conductive electrode patterns of a solar cell is provided. The method includes preparing a glass substrate and forming a transparent conductive oxide film (TCO) on the glass substrate. Then, a titanium oxide (TiO2) layer and a silver (Ag) electrode are formed on the glass substrate. A nickel (Ni) layer is formed on the Ag electrode and a copper (Cu) layer is formed on the Ni layer. In addition, a tin (Sn) layer is formed on the Cu layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Kyoung Jin Jeong
  • Patent number: 9845551
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of forming single-crystal graphenes by: (1) cleaning a surface of a catalyst; (2) annealing the surface of the catalyst; (3) applying a carbon source to the surface of the catalyst; and (4) growing single-crystal graphene on the surface of the catalyst from the carbon source. Further embodiments of the present disclosure also include a step of separating the formed single-crystal graphene from the surface of the catalyst. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of transferring the formed single-crystal graphene to a substrate. Additional embodiments of the present disclosure also include a step of growing stacks of single crystals of graphene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Zheng Yan
  • Patent number: 9770771
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a micromechanical part from a substrate in which the part is fabricated by providing a plurality of fasteners between the part and the substrate, the fasteners being sacrificial, characterized in that the fasteners include at least one hinge at the end of each fastener located beside the part, and in that the method includes a step of breaking the sacrificial fasteners. The micromechanical parts employing this type of sacrificial fastener are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: CSEM CENTRE SUISSE D'ELECTRONIQUE ET DE MICROTECHNIQUE SA-RECHERCHE ET DEVELOPPEMENT
    Inventors: Francois Barrot, Remy Fournier, Laurent Giriens, Simon Henein, Sylvain Jeanneret, Johan Kruis
  • Patent number: 9700928
    Abstract: Provided are a pipe which exhibits corrosion resistance against vapor of fuel such as gasoline, diesel oil, bioethanol or a biodiesel fuel, a method for manufacturing the pipe, and a steel sheet for manufacturing the pipe. A method for manufacturing a pipe having a bent portion which has excellent corrosion resistance against fuel vapor includes the steps of; preparing a steel sheet for manufacturing a pipe which is characterized by having a zinc-nickel (Zn—Ni) alloy layer where a nickel content is 4 to 16 at % on at least one surface of the steel sheet; forming the steel sheet for manufacturing a pipe into a tubular shape such that the Zn—Ni alloy layer forms an inner surface of the pipe, and applying bending to the pipe such that the elongation of the bent convex portion generated at the time of bending the pipe falls within 20%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: TOYO KOHAN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tatsuo Tomomori, Koh Yoshioka
  • Patent number: 9704717
    Abstract: An electrochemical process for applying a conductive film onto a substrate having a seed layer includes placing the substrate into contact with an electrochemical plating bath containing cobalt or nickel, with the plating bath having pH of 4.0 to 9.0. Electric current is conducted through the bath to the substrate. The cobalt or nickel ions in the bath deposit onto the seed layer. The plating bath may contain cobalt chloride and glycine. The electric current may range from 1-50 milli-ampere per square cm. After completion of the electrochemical process, the substrate may be removed from the plating bath, rinsed and dried, and then annealed at a temperature of 200 to 400 C to improve the material properties and reduce seam line defects. The plating and anneal process may be performed through multiple cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: John W. Lam, Ismail Emesh, Roey Shaviv
  • Patent number: 9631266
    Abstract: Provided is a method that enables manufacture, with good productivity, of a high-strength cold-rolled steel with improved elongation (EL), stretch-flangeability (?), bendability (R), and balance of these properties (TS×EL×?/1000), outstanding composite workability as evaluated by Erichsen test, and a tensile strength of at least 980 MPa. A steel material satisfying a prescribed constituent composition is held and soaked for at least fifty seconds at a temperature at or above the Ac3 point, after which the steel material is cooled at an average cooling rate of at least 15° C./sec to a discretionary temperature (T) that satisfies expression (1) below, held for 5-180 seconds in a temperature range that satisfies expression (1) below, then heated to a temperature region that satisfies expression (2) below, held for at least 50 seconds in this temperature region, and then cooled. 300° C.?T1(° C.)<400° C.??(1) 400° C.?T2(° C.)<540° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Futamura, Michiharu Nakaya
  • Patent number: 9607933
    Abstract: A lead frame structure for quad flat no-lead (QFN) package includes a main base, a plurality of terminals and a first metal layer. The main base has a center area for carrying a semiconductor die, and a periphery area surrounding the center area. The plurality of terminals are arranged around the main base. The first metal layer has a first part formed on the periphery area of the main base, and a second part formed on the plurality of terminals. Wherein the main base and the plurality of terminals are formed by a stamping process, and the first metal layer is formed by a plating process before the stamping process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: DAWNING LEADING TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventor: Diann Fang Lin
  • Patent number: 9580646
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating a steel band or steel plate provided with a metal coating with an after-treatment agent, which contains at least one polyalkylene glycol and is applied as a liquid solution to the surface of the metal coating. According to the invention, in order to achieve improved wetting and adhesion of the covering and at the same time the lowest possible coefficient of friction of the coated surface and in order to ensure good workability of the coated steel band or plate, the after-treatment agent contains a fluorescent antioxidant in addition to the polyalkylene glycol. The invention further relates to a steel band or steel plate provided with a metal coating, particularly a tin plate, which, on the surface of the metal coating, has a thin coat of an after-treatment agent which contains polyalkylene glycol and a fluorescent antioxidant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: THYSSENKRUPP RASSELSTEIN GMBH
    Inventors: Harold Baulig, Reiner Sauer, Helmut Oberhoffer, Martin Schlupp
  • Patent number: 9567687
    Abstract: Multi-layer microscale or mesoscale structures are fabricated with adhered layers (e.g. layers that are bonded together upon deposition of successive layers to previous layers) and are then subjected to a heat treatment operation that enhances the interlayer adhesion significantly. The heat treatment operation is believed to result in diffusion of material across the layer boundaries and associated enhancement in adhesion (i.e. diffusion bonding). Interlayer adhesion and maybe intra-layer cohesion may be enhanced by heat treating in the presence of a reducing atmosphere that may help remove weaker oxides from surfaces or even from internal portions of layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: University of Southern California
    Inventors: Gang Zhang, Adam L. Cohen, Michael S. Lockard, Ananda H. Kumar, Ezekiel J. J. Kruglick, Kieun Kim
  • Patent number: 9562302
    Abstract: A method for producing a metal-ceramic composite coating with increased hardness on a substrate includes adding a sol of a ceramic phase to the plating solution or electrolyte. The sol may be added prior to and/or during the plating or coating and at a rate of sol addition controlled to be sufficiently low that nanoparticles of the ceramic phase form directly onto or at the substrate and/or that the metal-ceramic coating forms on the substrate with a predominantly crystalline structure and/or to substantially avoid formation of nanoparticles of the ceramic phase, and/or agglomeration of particles of the ceramic phase, in the plating solution or electrolyte. The ceramic phase may be a single or mixed oxide, carbide, nitride, silicate, boride of Ti, W, Si, Zr, Al, Y, Cr, Fe, Pb, Co, or a rare earth element. The coating, other than the ceramic phase may comprise Ni, Ni—P, Ni—W—P, Ni—Cu—P, Ni—B, Cu, Ag, Au, Pd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: AUCKLAND UNISERVICES LIMITED
    Inventors: Wei Gao, Weiwei Chen
  • Patent number: 9506141
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a molybdenum sputtering target for a back electrode of a CIGS solar cell is provided to minimize thermal activating reaction by employing an electric discharge plasma sintering process. The method for manufacturing a molybdenum sputtering target for a back electrode of a CIGS solar cell comprises the steps of: charging molybdenum powder in a mold of graphite material, mounting the mold in a chamber of an electric discharge sintering apparatus, making a vacuum in the chamber, forming the molybdenum powder to the final target temperature while maintaining constant pressure on the molybdenum powder, heating the molybdenum powder in a predetermined heating pattern when reaching the final target temperature, maintaining the final target temperature for 1 to 10 minutes, and cooling the inside of the chamber while maintaining a constant pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Ik Hyun Oh, Hyun Kuk Park, Seung Min Lee, Jun Mo Yang
  • Patent number: 9437365
    Abstract: An electronic component including an electronic component element with an external electrode, a Ni plating film on the external electrode, and a Sn plating film covering the Ni plating film. The Sn plating film has Sn—Ni alloy flakes therein, the Sn—Ni alloy flakes are present in the range from a surface of the Sn plating film on the Ni plating film to 50% or less of the thickness of the Sn plating film, and when Sn is removed from the Sn plating film to leave only the Sn—Ni alloy flakes, an observed planar view of a region occupied by the Sn—Ni alloy flakes falls within the range from 15% to 60% of the observed planar region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akira Saito, Makoto Ogawa, Akihiro Motoki
  • Publication number: 20150136279
    Abstract: An article of cookware has a copper core and is surrounded by relatively thinner outer aluminum layers. The outer aluminum layers are preferably anodized to provide a relatively inert hard and scratch resistant durable finish. This anodized finish also readily accepts non-stick finishes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Vincent Chi-seng Cheng
  • Patent number: 9034124
    Abstract: A metal laminated substrate for an oxide superconducting wire is manufactured such that a non-magnetic metal plate T1 having a thickness of not more than 0.2 mm and a metal foil T2 made of Cu alloy which is formed by cold rolling at a draft of not less than 90% and has a thickness of not more than 50 ?m is laminated to each other by room-temperature surface active bonding, after lamination, crystal of the metal foil is oriented by heat treatment at a temperature of not less than 150° C. and not more than 1000° C. and, thereafter, an epitaxial growth film T3 made of Ni or an Ni alloy having a thickness of not more than 10 ?m is laminated to the metal foil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignees: TOYO KOHAN CO., LTD., SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Hironao Okayama, Akira Kaneko, Takeshi Kato, Masaya Konishi
  • Publication number: 20150122377
    Abstract: The invention relates to a steel and to a flat steel product produced therefrom that have optimized mechanical properties and at the same time can be produced at low cost, without having to rely for this on expensive alloying elements that are subject to great fluctuations with regard to their procurement costs. The steel and the flat steel product have for this purpose the following composition according to the invention (in % by weight): C: 0.11-0.16%; Si: 0.1-0.3%; Mn: 1.4-1.9%; Al: 0.02-0.1%; Cr: 0.45-0.85%; Ti: 0.025-0.06%; B: 0.0008-0.002%, the remainder Fe and impurities that are unavoidable for production-related reasons, which include contents of phosphorus, sulfur, nitrogen or molybdenum as long as the following respectively apply for their contents: P: ?0.02%, S: ?0.003%, N: ?0.008%, Mo: ?0.1%. Similarly, the invention relates to a method for producing a flat steel product that consists of a steel according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Ekatherina Bocharova, Sigrun Ebest, Dorothea Mattissen, Roland Sebald
  • Publication number: 20150101712
    Abstract: Provided is a method that enables manufacture, with good productivity, of a high-strength cold-rolled steel with improved elongation (EL), stretch-flangeability (?), bendability (R), and balance of these properties (TS×EL×?/1000), outstanding composite workability as evaluated by Erichsen test, and a tensile strength of at least 980 MPa. A steel material satisfying a prescribed constituent composition is held and soaked for at least fifty seconds at a temperature at or above the Ac3 point, after which the steel material is cooled at an average cooling rate of at least 15° C./sec to a discretionary temperature (T) that satisfies expression (1) below, held for 5-180 seconds in a temperature range that satisfies expression (1) below, then heated to a temperature region that satisfies expression (2) below, held for at least 50 seconds in this temperature region, and then cooled. 300° C.?T1 (° C.)<400° C. ??(1) 400° C.?T2 (° C.)<540° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (KOBE STEEL, LTD.)
    Inventors: Yuichi Futamura, Michiharu Nakaya
  • Patent number: 8999085
    Abstract: A high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip used for steel strips of automobiles requiring superior formability and high strength, a plated steel strip produced by using the same, and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. The high Mn steel strip comprises, by weight %, 0.2˜1.5% of C, 10˜25% of Mn, 0.01˜3.0% of Al, 0.005˜2.0% of Si, 0.03% or less of P, 0.03% or less of S, 0.040% or less of N, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. The high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip, and the plated steel strip produced by using the same have superior surface properties and plating characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Posco
    Inventors: Seong-Ju Kim, Kwang-Geun Chin, Hyun-Gyu Hwang, Sung-Kyu Kim, Il-Ryoung Sohn, Young-Kook Lee, Oh-Yeon Lee
  • Patent number: 8993064
    Abstract: Provided are a substrate for a superconducting compound and a method for manufacturing the substrate which can realize the excellent adhesive strength simultaneously with high orientation of copper. An absorbed material on a surface of a copper foil to which rolling is applied at a draft of 90% or more is removed by applying sputter etching to the surface of the copper foil, sputter etching is applied to a nonmagnetic metal sheet, the copper foil and the metal sheet are bonded to each other by applying a pressure to the copper foil and the metal sheet using reduction rolls, crystals of the copper in the copper foil are oriented by heating a laminated body formed by such bonding, copper is diffused into the metal sheet by heating with a copper diffusion distance of 10 nm or more, and a protective layer is laminated to a surface of the copper foil of the laminated body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: Toyo Kohan Co., Ltd., Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hironao Okayama, Kouji Nanbu, Akira Kaneko, Hajime Ota, Kotaro Ohki, Takashi Yamaguchi, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Kazuya Ohmatsu
  • Publication number: 20150079419
    Abstract: This relates to a process for manufacturing a recovery annealed coated steel substrate for packaging applications and a packaging steel product produced thereby.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Jean Joseph Campaniello, Jacques Hubert Olga Joseph Wijenberg, Ilja Portegies Zwart
  • Publication number: 20150064448
    Abstract: A high strength and high formability steel sheet contains, by mass % of the steel sheet: greater than 0.020% and less than 0.040% of C; not less than 0.003% and not greater than 0.100% of Si; not less than 0.10% and not greater than 0.60% of Mn; not less than 0.001% and not greater than 0.100% of P; not less than 0.001% and not greater than 0.020% of S; not less than 0.005% and not greater than 0.100% of Al; and greater than 0.0130% and not greater than 0.0170% of N, wherein a remainder is Fe and inevitable impurities, and the steel sheet has: a tensile strength in a rolling direction of not lower than 520 MPa; an Erichsen value of not less than 5.0 mm; and a resin film layer at least on a side to be an inner surface of a can.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Takumi Tanaka, Katsumi Kojima, Yoichi Tobiyama
  • Publication number: 20150064494
    Abstract: This relates to a coated substrate for packaging applications including a recrystallisation annealed single reduced steel substrate or a double reduced steel substrate subjected to recrystallisation annealing between the first and second cold rolling treatment, wherein one or both sides of the substrate is coated with an iron-tin alloy layer which contains at least 80 weight percent (wt. %) of FeSn (50 at. % iron and 50 at. % tin) and wherein the iron-tin alloy layer or layers are provided with a chromium metal-chromium oxide coating layer produced by a trivalent chromium electroplating process, and wherein the thickness of the chromium metal-chromium oxide coating layer corresponds to at least 20 mg Cr/m2 and a process for producing the coated substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Jacques Hubert Olga Joseph Wijenberg, Ilja Portegies Zwart
  • Publication number: 20150050519
    Abstract: In a hot stamped steel, when [C] represents an amount of C (mass %), [Si] represents an amount of Si (mass %), and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn (mass %), an expression of 5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>10 is satisfied, a metallographic structure includes 80% or more of a martensite in an area fraction, and optionally, further includes one or more of 10% or less of a pearlite in an area fraction, 5% or less of a retained austenite in a volume ratio, 20% or less of a ferrite in an area fraction, and less than 20% of a bainite in an area fraction, TS×?, which is a product of TS that is a tensile strength and ? that is a hole expansion ratio is 50000 MPa·% or more, and a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20150047752
    Abstract: A high strength interstitial free low density steel and method for producing the steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: TATA STEEL NEDERLAND TECHNOLOGY B.V.
    Inventors: Cheng Liu, Radhakanta Rana
  • Patent number: 8956473
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure, in which a Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure is formed between a first substrate (copper substrate) and a second substrate (such as silicon wafer), and further, a plurality of intermetallic layers are formed in the Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure through a reflow bonding process and an aging heat treatment, wherein the intermetallic layers comprises a first intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)6(Sn,In)5, a second intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)6(Sn,In)5 and a third intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)3(Sn,In)4. Therefore, the formed intermetallic layers makes the Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure performs good wettability, ductility, creep resistance, and fatigue resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Pin-Ju Huang, Yee-Wen Yen
  • Publication number: 20150044500
    Abstract: This relates to a process for manufacturing a recovery annealed coated steel substrate for packaging applications and a packaging steel product produced thereby.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jean Joseph Campaniello, Jacques Hubert Olga Joseph Wijenberg, Ilja Portegies Zwart
  • Patent number: 8940404
    Abstract: Tin-plated copper-alloy material for terminal having: a substrate made of Cu or Cu alloy; an Sn-based surface layer formed on a surface of the substrate; and a Cu—Ni—Sn alloy layer including Ni formed between the Sn-based surface layer and the substrate, in which the Cu—Ni—Sn alloy layer is made of: fine Cu—Ni—Sn alloy particles; and coarse Cu—Ni—Sn alloy particles, an average thickness of the Sn-based surface layer is not less than 0.2 ?m and not more than 0.6 ?m, an area ratio of the Cu—Ni—Sn alloy layer exposed at a surface of the Sn-based surface layer is not less than 10% and not more than 40%, and a coefficient of kinetic friction of the tin-plated copper-alloy material for terminal is not more than 0.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Yuki Taninouchi, Naoki Kato, Kenji Kubota
  • Publication number: 20150010779
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing packaging steel consisting of a cold-rolled steel sheet made of unalloyed or low-alloy steel having a carbon content of less than 0.1%. In order to provide high-strength packaging steel that has good formability and high corrosion resistance and can be produced in as energy-saving a manner as possible, the steel sheet according to the invention is first coated with a metallic coating and then annealed in a recrystallising manner at a heating rate of more than 75 K/s and preferably more than 100 K/s to temperatures of more than 700° C., such that the metallic coating melts. The coated and annealed steel sheet is then quenched to normal temperature at a cooling rate of at least 100 K/s.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Anika Szesni, Helmut Oberhoffer, Martin Schlupp, Dirk Matusch, Reiner Sauer
  • Publication number: 20150000797
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cold-rolled flat steel product which, despite high strength values, has a high level of deformability characterised by a high elongation at break and a good hole expansion ratio A. For this purpose the flat steel product is produced from a steel that is composed of (in % by weight) C: 0.12-0.19%, Mn: 1.5-2.5%, Si: >0.60-1.0%, Al: ?0.1%, Cr: 0.2-0.6%, Ti: 0.05-0.15% with the remainder being iron and unavoidable impurities caused by the production process, and which comprises a perlite- and bainite-free structure having 4-20% by vol. martensite, 2-15% by vol. residual austenite, remainder ferrite, an elongation at break A80 of at least 15%, a tensile strength Rm of at least 880 MPa, a yield strength ReL of at least 550 MPa and a hole expansion ratio ?M of more than 6%. The invention also relates to a method which easily enables production of a flat steel product according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG
    Inventors: Roland Sebald, Dorothea Mattissen, Sigrun Ebest, Stefan Follner
  • Publication number: 20140377582
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes, as a component composition, by mass %: C: 0.075% to 0.300%; Si: 0.30% to 2.50%; Mn: 1.30% to 3.50%; P: 0.001% to 0.050%; S: 0.0001% to 0.0100%; Al: 0.001% to 1.500%; and N: 0.0001% to 0.0100%, in which a surface microstructure contains residual austenite of 3% to 10% and ferrite of 90% or less by volume fraction, an inner microstructure at a depth of t/4 from the surface assuming that a sheet thickness is t contains residual austenite of 3% to 20% by volume fraction, a ratio Hvs/Hvb between a surface hardness Hvs of the steel sheet surface and a hardness Hvb at a depth of ¼ of the thickness is more than 0.75 to 0.90, and a maximum tensile strength is 700 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Masafumi Azuma, Takayuki Nozaki, Chisato Wakabayashi, Koichi Sato, Hiroyuki Kawata, Nobuhiro Fujita
  • Patent number: 8904620
    Abstract: A metallic housing forming method includes steps as follows: friction stir welding metallic members to form a metallic housing; immersing the metallic housing in an alkali solution to remove contaminants from the metallic housing, and forming a black salt layer on the metallic housing; stripping the black salt layer away from the metallic housing; electro-polishing the metallic housing to dissolve the outermost surface of the metallic housing; anode-oxiding the metallic housing; and sealing and drying the metallic housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Meng-Yu Tsou, Wei-Jian Dai
  • Publication number: 20140342185
    Abstract: A cold rolled steel sheet according to the present invention satisfies an expression of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>11 when [C] represents an amount of C by mass %, [Si] represents an amount of Si by mass %, and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn by mass %, a metallographic structure before hot stamping includes 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite in an area fraction, a total of an area fraction of the ferrite and an area fraction of the martensite is 60% or more, a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies an H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20 before the hot stamping, and TS×? which is a product of a tensile strength TS and a hole expansion ratio ? is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Patent number: 8854451
    Abstract: An automated hydrogen bubble detection apparatus includes a horizontal support surface on which a test coupon can be supported, a transparent tube having an open top and an open bottom and operable to contain a test solution when positioned on a test coupon, a camera arranged to view a test solution in the transparent tube, and a controller in communication with the camera and effective to operate the camera such that at least one video segment is recorded by the camera and analyzed to detect first bubble and continuous bubble generation. A method of evaluating corrosion resistance of coatings on aluminum and steel in acidic solution is also included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Josh Cormier, Fangli Hao, Hong Shih, Tuochuan Huang, John Daugherty, Allan Ronne, Fred Dennis Egley
  • Publication number: 20140246127
    Abstract: A high-strength aluminum alloy material having a chemical composition which includes Zn: more than 7.2% (mass %, the same applies hereafter) and 8.7% or less, Mg: 1.3% or more and 2.1% or less, Cu: 0.01% or more and 0.10% or less, Zr: 0.01% or more and 0.10% or less, Cr: less than 0.02%, Fe: 0.30% or less, Si: 0.30% or less, Mn: less than 0.05%, Ti: 0.001% or more and 0.05% or less, the balance being Al and unavoidable impurities, is provided. It has a proof stress of 350 MPa or more, and a metallographic structure formed of a recrystallized structure, and L* and b* values, as defined in JIS Z8729 (ISO 7724-1), are 85 or more and 95 or less and 0 or more and 0.8 or less, respectively, as measured after anodization using a sulfuric acid bath.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: UACJ CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hidenori Hatta
  • Publication number: 20140242414
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high-strength steel sheet excellent in shape fixability. The high-strength steel sheet contains C, Si, Mn, P, S, Al, N, and O with predetermined contents, in which a retained austenite phase of 5 to 20% in volume fraction is contained, an amount of solid-solution C contained in the retained austenite phase is 0.80 to 1.00% in mass %, WSi? is 1.10 times or more WSi*, WMn? is 1.10 times or more WMn*, and when a frequency distribution is measured with respect to a sum of a ratio between WSi and WSi* and a ratio between WAl and WAl*, a mode value of the frequency distribution is 1.95 to 2.05, and a kurtosis is 2.00 or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akinobu Minami, Hiroyuki Kawata, Akinobu Murasato, Yuji Yamaguchi, Natsuko Sugiura, Takuya Kuwayama, Naoki Maruyama, Takamasa Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20140209215
    Abstract: A copper-based alloy wire made of a material selected from the group consisting of a copper-gold alloy, a copper-palladium alloy and a copper-gold-palladium alloy is provided. The alloy wire has a polycrystalline structure of a face-centered cubic lattice and consists of a plurality of equi-axial grains. The quantity of grains having annealing twins is 10 percent or more of the total quantity of the grains of the copper-based alloy wire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Tung-Han CHUANG, Jun-Der LEE, Hsing-Hua TSAI
  • Publication number: 20140170440
    Abstract: High strength steel sheet which secures tensile maximum strength 900 MPa or more high strength while having excellent shapeability, which high strength steel sheet which is excellent in shapeability characterized by having a predetermined composition of ingredients, by the steel sheet structure including a ferrite phase and martensite phase, by the ratio of Cu particles incoherent with the bcc iron being 15% or more with respect to the Cu particles as a whole, by a density of Cu particles in the ferrite phase being 1.0×1018/m3 or more, and by an average particle size of Cu particles in the ferrite phase being 2.0 nm or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kawata, Naoki Maruyama, Akinobu Murasato, Akinobu Minami, Masafumi Azuma, Takuya Kuwayama, Shigeru Yonemura
  • Publication number: 20140150930
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hot press forming steel plate made of a composition comprising: 0.3-1.0 wt % of C; 0.0-4.0 wt % of Mn; 1.0-2.0 wt % of Si; 0.01-2.0 wt % of Al; 0.015 wt % or less of S; 0.01 wt % or less of N; and the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities. Further, the present. invention relates to a method for manufacturing the hot press forming steel plate, characterized by comprising the steps of: heating, to between 1100 and 1300° C., a steel slab having the composition; performing hot rolling finishing between. an Ar3 transformation point and 950° C.; and performing winding between MS and 720° C. Further, the present invention. relates to a hot press formed member characterized by having the composition, and having a dual phase microstructure made of bainite and residual austenite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventors: Kyoo-Young Lee, Jin-Keun Oh, Jong-Sang Kim, Tae-Kyo Han
  • Publication number: 20140147697
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing annealed steels and annealed steels produced thereby.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicants: TATA STEEL NEDERLAND TECHNOLOGY BV, TATA STEEL IJMUIDEN BV
    Inventors: Basjan Berkhout, David Neal Hanlon, Steven Celotto, Gerardus Jacobus Paulussen, Jacques Pierre Jean Verberne
  • Patent number: 8734961
    Abstract: A Ni-plated steel sheet is provided in which the occurrence of scratches at the time of forming a battery can is suppressed. Also provided is a method which includes a step where a surface of a steel sheet is plated with Ni in a Ni adhesion amount of 0.3-2 ?m, a step where the Ni-plated steel sheet is heated to 600-800° C. to form an Fe?Ni diffusion layer as an outermost surface layer, and a step where the steel sheet is rolled by temper rolling so as to adjust the Fe?Ni diffusion layer so that the steel sheet has the surface roughness Ra of 0.9-2.0 ?m and the surface roughness Ry of 4.0-15 ?m. A Ni-plated steel sheet which includes an Fe?Ni diffusion layer as an outermost surface layer and in which the diffusion layer has the surface roughness Ra of 0.9-2.0 ?m and the surface roughness Ry of 4.0-15 ?m and the diffusion layer has such an Fe/Ni ratio that the Fe accounts for 20-50% in Auger analysis is subjected to drawing using a water-soluble liquid which contains water-soluble emersion as a press lubricant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Toyo Kohan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Takematsu, Eiji Okamatsu, Hideyuki Minagi
  • Publication number: 20140137989
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure, in which a Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure is formed between a first substrate (copper substrate) and a second substrate (such as silicon wafer), and further, a plurality of intermetallic layers are formed in the Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure through a reflow bonding process and an aging heat treatment, wherein the intermetallic layers comprises a first intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)6(Sn,In)5, a second intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)6(Sn,In)5 and a third intermetallic layer of (Cu,Ni)3(Sn,In)4. Therefore, the formed intermetallic layers makes the Ni/In/Sn/Cu multilayer structure performs good wettability, ductility, creep resistance, and fatigue resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
    Inventor: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology