With Tempering, Ageing, Solution Treating (i.e., For Hardening), Precipitation Hardening Or Strengthening, Or Quenching Patents (Class 148/547)
  • Patent number: 10900106
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a ferritic steel having decreased specific gravity and having excellent mechanical strength by suppressing formation of ?-carbide. The ferrite steel may include: carbon (C) in an amount of about 0.05 to 0.12 wt %; aluminum (Al) in an amount of about 3.0 to 7.0 wt %; manganese (Mn) in an amount of about 0.5 wt % or less (not 0%); nickel (Ni) in an amount of about 0.5 wt % or less (not 0%); chromium (Cr) in an amount of about 0.75 wt % or less (not 0%); silicon (Si) in an amount of about 0.3 to 0.75 wt %; a combined amount of titanium (Ti) and vanadium (V) in an amount of about 0.25 to 0.7 wt %; and a balance being iron (Fe), all the wt % are based on the total weight of the ferritic steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Dong Hwi Kim, Bong Lae Jo
  • Patent number: 10745772
    Abstract: The present invention provides an age hardening type bainitic microalloyed steel having a composition which includes, in terms of mass %: 0.06-0.35% of C; 0.01-2.00% of Si; 0.10-3.00% of Mn; 0.001-0.200% of S; 0.001-2.00% of Cu; 0.40-3.00% of Ni; 0.10-3.00% of Cr; 0.10-1.00% of Mo; 0.10-1.00% of V; and 0.001-0.100% of s-Al, with the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and which satisfies a value of the following expression (1) to be 20 or larger and a value of the following expression (2) to be 0.82 or larger: 3×[C]+10×[Mn]+2×[Cu]+2×[Ni]+12×[Cr]+9×[Mo]+2×[V]??expression (1); 1.66×[C]+0.18×[Si]+0.27×[Mn]+0.09×[Ni]+0.32×[Cr]+0.34×[Mo]+0.44×[V]??expression (2), in which each [ ] in the expression (1) and the expression (2) indicates a content of the element shown therein in terms of mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignees: DAIDO STEEL CO., LTD., DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuuki Tanaka, Makoto Haritani, Takahiro Miyazaki, Kouji Morita, Yoshihiro Tanimura, Toshimasa Ito, Tadashi Nishiwaki, Tomomitsu Fukuoka
  • Patent number: 10662493
    Abstract: An abrasion resistant steel plate having excellent low-temperature toughness and excellent cracking resistance in a portion which has been heated to a temperature range in which low-temperature temper embrittlement occurs and a method for manufacturing the steel plate. The steel plate includes a microstructure at positions located at ¼ of the thickness and at ¾ of the thickness including a martensite single phase microstructure having an average prior austenaite grain diameter in the range of 20 ?m to 60 ?m, or a mixed microstructure of martensite and bainite having a proportion of martensite-austenite constituent of less than 5% in terms of area ratio with respect to the whole microstructure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masao Yuga, Shinichi Miura, Akio Ohmori
  • Patent number: 10370746
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hot-rolled steel sheet having a tensile strength of greater than 1200 MPa, an Re/Rm ratio of less than 0.75 and an elongation at break of greater than 10%, the composition of which contains, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.10%?C?0.25%; 1%?Mn?3%; Al?0.015%; Si?1.985%; Mo?0.30%; Cr?1.5%; S?0.015%; P?0.1%; Co?1.5%; B?0.005%; it being understood that 1%?Si+Al?2%; Cr+(3×Mo)?0.3%, the balance of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting, the microstructure of the steel consisting of at least 75% bainite, residual austenite in an amount equal to or greater than 5% and martensite in an amount equal to or greater than 2%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: ARCELORMITTAL
    Inventors: Sebastien Allain, Audrey Couturier, Thierry Iung, Christine Colin
  • Patent number: 10351921
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel alloy is strengthened by copper-nucleated nitride precipitates. The alloy includes, in combination by weight percent, about 10.0 to about 12.5 Cr, about 2.0 to about 7.5 Ni, up to about 17.0 Co, about 0.6 to about 1.5 Mo, about 0.5 to about 2.3 Cu, up to about 0.6 Mn, up to about 0.4 Si, about 0.05 to about 0.15 V, up to about 0.10 N, up to about 0.035 C, up to about 0.01 W, and the balance Fe and incidental elements and impurities. The nitride precipitates may be enriched by one or more transition metals. A case hardened, corrosion resistant variant has a reduced weight percent of Ni, enabling increased use of Cr, and decreased Co.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: QuesTek Innovations LLC
    Inventors: David R. Snyder, Jiadong Gong, Jason T. Sebastian, James A. Wright, Herng-Jeng Jou, Zechariah Feinberg
  • Patent number: 9777350
    Abstract: A high strength interstitial free low density steel and method for producing the steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: TATA STEEL NEDERLAND TECHNOLOGY B.V.
    Inventors: Cheng Liu, Radhakanta Rana
  • Patent number: 9719151
    Abstract: A steel sheet includes, by mass %: C: 0.020% to 0.080%; Si: 0.01% to 0.10%; Mn: 0.80% to 1.80%; and Al: more than 0.10% and less than 0.40%; and further includes: Nb: 0.005% to 0.095%; and Ti: 0.005% to 0.095%, in which a total amount of Nb and Ti is 0.030% to 0.100%, and the steel sheet includes, as a metallographic structure, ferrite, bainite, and other phases, an area fraction of the ferrite is 80% to 95%, an area fraction of the bainite is 5% to 20%, a total fraction of the other phases is less than 3%, a tensile strength is 590 MPa or more, and a fatigue strength ratio as a fatigue strength to the tensile strength is 0.45 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Tanaka, Kunio Hayashi, Toshio Ogawa, Koichi Goto, Kazuaki Nakano
  • Patent number: 9267197
    Abstract: The invention concerns mold or mold frame parts for plastic material injection molding made of quenched and tempered martensitic stainless steel consisting, in wt. %, of: 0.02%=C=0.09%, 0.025%=N=0.12% with 0.05%=C+N=0.17%; Si=0.34% Al=0.080% with Si+23 Al=0.20% and Si+0.6 Al=0.25%; and 0.00025=Al×N=0.0020 0; 0.55%=Mn=1.8%; 11.5%=Cr=16% optionally up to 0.48% of copper, up to 0.90% of the sum Mo+W/2, up to 0.90% of nickel, up to 0.090% of vanadium, up to 0.090% of niobium, up to 0.025% of titanium, optionally up to 0.25 of sulphur, the rest being iron and impurities derived from preparation, the composition further satisfying the condition: 6.5=F?(Cr+Mo)+2(Si+V+Nb)?27(C+N)?(Ni+Mn/2+Cu/3)=13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: INDUSTEEL FRANCE
    Inventors: Jean Beguinot, Frédéric Bouchaud, Jean Pisseloup
  • Patent number: 9194015
    Abstract: A dual phase steel sheet with good bake-hardening properties is provided. The steel sheet is characterized in containing (in terms of percent by mass) C: no less than 0.06% and less than 0.25%; Si+Al: 0.5 to 3%; Mn: 0.5 to 3%; P: no more than 0.15%; and S: no more than 0.02%; and also meeting the following condition (in terms of space factor) that retained austenite is at least 3%, bainite is at least 30%, and ferrite is no more than 50%, and further characterized in differing in stress larger than 50 MPa before and after application of 2% pre-strain and ensuing heat treatment for paint baking at 170° C. for 20 minutes. The steel sheet has well-balanced strength and workability, exhibits good bake-hardening properties at the time of paint baking, and offers good resistance to natural aging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shushi Ikeda, Koichi Makii, Hiroshi Akamizu
  • Patent number: 9109273
    Abstract: A cold rolled steel sheet and a hot dip galvanized steel sheet, which have high strength and elongation, such as a tensile strength of 980 MPa or more and an elongation of 28% or more, and excellent delayed fracture resistance, and manufacturing methods thereof. The cold rolled steel sheet has a composition including 0.05 to 0.3 weight percent C, 0.3 to 1.6 weight percent Si, 4.0 to 7.0 weight percent Mn, 0.5 to 2.0 weight percent Al, 0.01 to 0.1 weight percent Cr, 0.02 to 0.1 weight percent Ni and 0.005 to 0.03 weight percent Ti, 5 to 30 ppm B, 0.01 to 0.03 weight percent Sb, 0.008 weight percent or less S, balance Fe and impurities. The hot dip galvanized steel sheet has a hot dip galvanized layer or a hot dip galvannealed layer on the cold rolled steel sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Young Hoon Jin, Kwang Geun Chin, Seung Bok Lee, Jai Hyun Kwak
  • Patent number: 9017492
    Abstract: The present invention provides ultralow carbon thin gauge steel sheet and a method for producing the same where coalescence and growth of inclusions in the molten steel are prevented and the inclusions are finely dispersed in the steel sheet, whereby surface defects and cracks at the time of press forming are prevented, growth of recrystallized grains at the time of continuous annealing is promoted, and a high r value (r value?2.0) and elongation (total elongation?50%) are exhibited, that is, ultralow carbon thin gauge steel sheet excellent in surface conditions, formability, and workability comprised of, by mass %, 0.00030.003%?C?0.003%, Si?0.01%, Mn?0.1%, P?0.02%, S?0.01%, 0.0005%?N?0.0025%, 0.01%?acid soluble Ti?0.07%, acid soluble Al?0.003%, and 0.002%?La+Ce+Nd?0.02% and a balance of iron and unavoidable impurities, said steel sheet characterized by containing at least cerium oxysulfite, lanthanum oxysulfite, and neodymium oxysulfite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiro Sasai, Wataru Ohashi
  • Publication number: 20150101714
    Abstract: This disclosure deals with a class of metal alloys with advanced property combinations applicable to metallic sheet production. More specifically, the present application identifies the formation of metal alloys of relatively high strength and ductility and the use of one or more cycles of elevated temperature treatment and cold deformation to produce metallic sheet at reduced thickness with relatively high strength and ductility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Grant G. JUSTICE, Andrew T. BALL, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Kurtis CLARK, Longzhou MA, Igor YAKUBTSOV, Scott Larish, Sheng CHENG, Taylor L. GIDDENS, Andrew E. FRERICHS, Alla V. SERGUEEVA
  • Patent number: 8999078
    Abstract: A forging heat resistant steel of an embodiment contains in percent by mass C: 0.05-0.2, Si: 0.01-0.1, Mn: 0.01-0.15, Ni: 0.05-1, Cr: 8 or more and less than 10, Mo: 0.05-1, V: 0.05-0.3, Co: 1-5, W: 1-2.2, N: 0.01 or more and less than 0.015, Nb: 0.01-0.15, B: 0.003-0.03, and a remainder comprising Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Yamada, Reki Takaku, Haruki Ohnishi, Kenichi Okuno, Kenichi Imai, Kazuhiro Miki, Tsukasa Azuma, Satoru Ohsaki
  • Publication number: 20150090372
    Abstract: This disclosure deals with a class of metal alloys with advanced property combinations applicable to metallic sheet production. More specifically, the present application identifies the formation of metal alloys of relatively high strength and ductility and the use of one or more cycles of elevated temperature treatment and cold deformation to produce metallic sheet at reduced thickness with relatively high strength and ductility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Grant G. JUSTICE, Andrew T. BALL, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Kurtis CLARK, Longzhou MA, Igor YAKUBTSOV, Scott Larish, Sheng CHENG, Taylor L. GIDDENS, Andrew E. FRERICHS, Alla V. SERGUEEVA
  • Patent number: 8974612
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide at a low cost a low-alloy steel having a high strength and excellent high-pressure hydrogen environment embrittlement resistance characteristics under a high-pressure hydrogen environment. The invention is a high-strength low-alloy steel having high-pressure hydrogen environment embrittlement resistance characteristics, which has a composition comprising C: 0.10 to 0.20% by mass, Si: 0.10 to 0.40% by mass, Mn: 0.50 to 1.20% by mass, Ni: 0.75 to 1.75% by mass, Cr: 0.20 to 0.80% by mass, Cu: 0.10 to 0.50% by mass, Mo: 0.10 to 1.00% by mass, V: 0.01 to 0.10% by mass, B: 0.0005 to 0.005% by mass and N: 0.01% by mass or less, and further comprising one or two of Nb: 0.01 to 0.10% by mass and Ti: 0.005 to 0.050% by mass, with the balance consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kouichi Takasawa, Yoru Wada, Ryoji Ishigaki, Yasuhiko Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20150047754
    Abstract: Alloy steel compositions having improved resistance to hydrogen brittleness and methods of heat treating same are provided. The alloy steel compositions find applications in hydrogen storage containers, piping systems for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, or reinforced boards for sound absorption/insulation on a multiple layers. The alloy steel compositions include 1.0 to 2.5% by weight of aluminum (Al), based on the total weight of the composition. Improved resistance to hydrogen brittleness is effected by stabilizing an inner part of the composition and forming an Al2O3 layer on a surface of the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Ho-Seung Lee
  • Publication number: 20150050519
    Abstract: In a hot stamped steel, when [C] represents an amount of C (mass %), [Si] represents an amount of Si (mass %), and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn (mass %), an expression of 5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>10 is satisfied, a metallographic structure includes 80% or more of a martensite in an area fraction, and optionally, further includes one or more of 10% or less of a pearlite in an area fraction, 5% or less of a retained austenite in a volume ratio, 20% or less of a ferrite in an area fraction, and less than 20% of a bainite in an area fraction, TS×?, which is a product of TS that is a tensile strength and ? that is a hole expansion ratio is 50000 MPa·% or more, and a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20150044087
    Abstract: A method of producing a mold steel, the method including a first process of preparing a molten steel A that is obtained after vacuum refining and has a component composition including from 0.005% to 0.1% by mass of C, from 1.0% to 5.0% by mass of Ni, from 3.0% to 8.0% by mass of Cr, more than 0% but less than or equal to 2.0% by mass of Mo, more than 0% but less than or equal to 3.5% by mass of Cu, and more than 0% but less than or equal to 2.0% by mass of Al, in which an amount of O is 0.005% by mass or less and an amount of N is 0.03% by mass or less; a second process of reducing the amount of O and the amount of N in the molten steel A, by slag refining the molten steel A, to obtain a molten steel B; and a third process of casting the molten steel B, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Yousuke Ayabe, Hideshi Nakatsu, Yasushi Tamura, Setsuo Mishima, Yuuki Intoh
  • Publication number: 20150030882
    Abstract: The invention relates to a steel plate, the chemical composition of which comprises, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.010%?C?0.20%, 0.06%?Mn?3%, Si?1.5%, 0.005%?Al?1.5%, S?0.030%, P?0.040%, 2.5%?Ti?7.2%, (0.45×Ti)?0.35%?B?(0.45×Ti)+0.70%, and optionally one or more elements chosen from: Ni?1%, Mo?1%, Cr?3%, Nb?0.1%, V?0.1%, the balance of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Frederic BONNET, Olivier BOUAZIZ, Jean-Claude CHEVALLOT
  • Publication number: 20150000797
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cold-rolled flat steel product which, despite high strength values, has a high level of deformability characterised by a high elongation at break and a good hole expansion ratio A. For this purpose the flat steel product is produced from a steel that is composed of (in % by weight) C: 0.12-0.19%, Mn: 1.5-2.5%, Si: >0.60-1.0%, Al: ?0.1%, Cr: 0.2-0.6%, Ti: 0.05-0.15% with the remainder being iron and unavoidable impurities caused by the production process, and which comprises a perlite- and bainite-free structure having 4-20% by vol. martensite, 2-15% by vol. residual austenite, remainder ferrite, an elongation at break A80 of at least 15%, a tensile strength Rm of at least 880 MPa, a yield strength ReL of at least 550 MPa and a hole expansion ratio ?M of more than 6%. The invention also relates to a method which easily enables production of a flat steel product according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG
    Inventors: Roland Sebald, Dorothea Mattissen, Sigrun Ebest, Stefan Follner
  • Patent number: 8920583
    Abstract: The invention provides a steel pipe excellent in deformation characteristics, most notably a steel pipe for expandable-pipe oil well and a low-yield-ratio line pipe, and a method of producing the same without conducting water cooling requiring large-scale heat treatment equipment, namely a method of producing a steel pipe excellent in deformation characteristics whose microstructure is a two-phase structure including a martensite-austenite constituent at an area fraction of 2 to 10% and a soft phase, which method comprises: heating at Ac1+10° C. to Ac1+60° C. and thereafter cooling a precursor steel pipe which contains, in mass %, C: 0.04 to 0.10% and Mn: 1.00 to 2.50%, is limited to Si: 0.80% or less, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Al: 0.10% or less and N: 0.01% or less, further contains one or more of Ni: 1.00% or less, Mo: 0.60% or less, Cr: 1.00% or less and Cu: 1.00% or less, where content of Mn and content of one or more of Cr, Ni, Mo and Cu satisfy Mn+Cr+Ni+2Mo+Cu?2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Hitoshi Asahi, Tetsuo Ishitsuka, Motofumi Koyuba, Toshiyuki Ogata
  • Patent number: 8920296
    Abstract: A forged roll for use, inter alia, in the cold rolling industry and a method of producing a forged roll as described. The roll has a steel composition, by weight, with 0.8 to less than 1% C, 0.2 to 0.5% Mn, 0.2 to 2.0% Si, 7.0 to 13.0% Cr, 0.6 to 1.6% Mo, more than 1.0 to 3.0% V, the remainder being Fe and impurities. The steel is tempered martensite with retained austenite at less than 5% per volume with eutectic carbides of less than 5% by volume, a hardness between 780-840 HV, and internal compressive stresses of between ?300 to ?500 MPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Åkers AB
    Inventors: Claude Gaspard, Catherine Vergne, Daniel Batazzi
  • Publication number: 20140342185
    Abstract: A cold rolled steel sheet according to the present invention satisfies an expression of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>11 when [C] represents an amount of C by mass %, [Si] represents an amount of Si by mass %, and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn by mass %, a metallographic structure before hot stamping includes 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite in an area fraction, a total of an area fraction of the ferrite and an area fraction of the martensite is 60% or more, a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies an H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20 before the hot stamping, and TS×? which is a product of a tensile strength TS and a hole expansion ratio ? is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20140238556
    Abstract: Metallic alloys are disclosed containing Fe at 48.0 to 81.0 atomic percent, B at 2.0 to 8.0 atomic percent, Si at 4.0 to 14.0 atomic percent, and at least one or more of Cu, Mn or Ni, wherein the Cu is present at 0.1 to 6.0 atomic percent, Mn is present at 0.1 to 21.0 atomic percent and Ni is present at 0.1 to 16.0 atomic percent. The alloys may be heated at temperatures of 200° C. to 850° C. for a time period of up to 1 hour and upon cooling there is no eutectoid transformation. The alloys may then be formed into a selected shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Alla V. SERGUEEVA, Craig S. PARSONS
  • Patent number: 8815147
    Abstract: A cold die steel excellent in the characteristic of suppressing dimensional change, which has a chemical composition in mass %: C: 0.7% or more and less than 1.6%, Si: 0.5 to 3.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 3.0%, P: less than 0.05% including 0%, S: 0.01 to 0.12%, Cr: 7.0 to 13.0%, one or two elements selected from the group consisting of Mo and W: amounts satisfying the formula (Mo+(W/2))=0.5 to 1.7%, V: less than 0.7% including 0, Ni: 0.3 to 1.5%, Cu: 0.1 to 1.0% and Al: 0.1 to 0.7%. Preferably, the die steel satisfies the formula in mass %: Ni/Al=1 to 3.7. It is preferred that the die steel also satisfies the following formula in mass %: (Cr?4.2×C)=5 or less and (Cr?6.3×C)=1.4 or more and that it contains 0.3% or less of Nb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kunichika Kubota, Hideshi Nakatsu, Shugo Komatsubara
  • Publication number: 20140182749
    Abstract: Disclosed embodiments include fuel assemblies, fuel element, cladding material, methods of making a fuel element, and methods of using same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Inventors: Micah Hackett, Ronald Klueh
  • Publication number: 20140144557
    Abstract: A method for producing low temperature bainite steel containing aluminum may include providing an alloy steel containing aluminum, carbon, chromium, silicon, molybdenum, manganese and nickel, wherein the amount of aluminum is in the range of 0.5 to 1.5 wt. %, and the amount of carbon is in the range of 0.2 to 1.1 wt. %; smelting to convert the alloy steel into a molten steel, followed by subjecting to refining and vacuum degassing, and then subjected to rolling or forging; heating the steel to 880-950° C., cooling the steel to Ms+10° C. at a rate higher than 50° C./min, continuously and slowly cooling the steel from Ms+10° C. to Ms×100×C(wt %)° C., holding the steel at a temperature of 250° C. to 350° C. for 20 to 30 min, and then air cooling the steel to room temperature, holding the steel at a temperature of 180° C. to 280° C. for 60 min, and then air cooling the steel to room temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Yanshan University
    Inventors: Fucheng ZHANG, Bo LV, Tiansheng WANG, Yangzeng ZHENG, Ming ZHANG, Zhinan YANG, Chunlei ZHENG, Mao LI, Jie KANG
  • Publication number: 20140144556
    Abstract: A steel plate with a low yield ratio and high toughness. The steel plate comprises components of, by weight: C (0.05-0.08%), Si (0.15-0.30%), Mn (1.55-1.85%), P (less than or equal to 0.015%), S (less than or equal to 0.005%), Al (0.015-0.04%), Nb (0.015-0.025%), Ti (0.01-0.02%), Cr (0.20-0.40%), Mo (0.18-0.30%), N (less than or equal to 0.006%), O (less than or equal to 0.004%), Ca (0.0015-0.0050%), and Ni (less than or equal to 0.40%), a ratio of Ca to S being greater than or equal to 1.5, and the residual being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Aiwen Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Xiangqian Yuan, Yushan Chen
  • Publication number: 20140116578
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a high-strength high-toughness steel plate and a method of manufacturing the steel plate. The steel plate contains the following chemical compositions, by weight, C: 0.03-0.06%, Si?0.30%, Mn: 1.0-1.5%, P?0.020%, S?0.010%, Al: 0.02-0.05%, Ti: 0.005-0.025%, N?0.006%, Ca?0.005%, and more than one of Cr?0.75%, Ni?0.40%, Mo?0.30%, other compositions being Ferrum and unavoidable impurities.The finished steel plate, with a thickness of 6-25 mm, has a yield strength of ?700 MPa, an elongation A50 of ?18%, Akv at ?60° C. of ?150 J and good cool bending property.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Aiwen Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Qingfeng Zhang
  • Patent number: 8668784
    Abstract: A steel for a welded structure includes the following composition: by mass %, C at a C content [C] of 0.015 to 0.045%; Si at a Si content [Si] of 0.05 to 0.20%; Mn at a Mn content [Mn] of 1.5 to 2.0%; Ni at a Ni content [Ni] of 0.10 to 1.50%; Ti at a Ti content [Ti] of 0.005 to 0.015%; O at an O content [O] of 0.0015 to 0.0035%; and N at a N content [N] of 0.002 to 0.006%, and a balance composed of Fe and unavoidable impurities. In the steel for a welded structure, the P content [P] is limited to 0.008% or less, the S content [S] is limited to 0.005% or less, the Al content [Al] is limited to 0.004% or less, the Nb content [Nb] is limited to 0.005% or less, the Cu content [Cu] is limited to 0.24% or less, the V content [V] is limited to 0.020% or less, and a steel composition parameter PCTOD is 0.065% or less, and a steel composition hardness parameter CeqH is 0.235% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Fukunaga, Akihiko Kojima, Ryuji Uemori, Rikio Chijiiwa
  • Publication number: 20130306744
    Abstract: A high coercivity bias piece for making acousto-magnetic labels is made of an alloy strip with 10-14% weight percent Mn, less than 7% weight percent of one or more other transitional metals, with the balance Fe, after cold rolling to final gage, going through a final aging heat treatment at below 590 C, longer than 5 minutes. The strip thickness is 0.065-0.18 mm with coercivity measured by direct current method being 56-90 Oe. The method of making the high coercivity bias piece is to cold roll the strip to 0.07-0.15 mm with aging temperature at 450-570 C, for 0.5-20 hours to form a magnetic strip with coercivity of 60-85 Oe, followed by cutting the strip to required size. This high coercivity bias piece is manufactured without expensive Co and Ni materials, showing that a low cost Fe-(10-14% weight percent Mn) based alloy can be used to make high coercivity bias.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Inventor: Lin Li
  • Publication number: 20130284321
    Abstract: A multi-phase steel including in % wt. C: 0.14-0.25%, Mn: 1.7-2.5%, Si: 0.2-0.7%, Al: 0.5-1.5%, Cr: <0.1%, Mo: <0.05%, Nb: 0.02-0.06%, S: up to 0.01%, P: up to 0.02%, N: up to 0.01% and optionally at least one of Ti, B, and V according to the following stipulation: Ti: up to 0.1%, B: up to 0.002%, V: up to 0.15%, with the remainder iron and unavoidable impurities, wherein the microstructure has at least 10% vol. ferrite and at least 6% vol. residual austenite and the steel has a tensile strength Rm of at least 950 MPa, a yield point ReL of at least 500 MPa and an elongation at break A80 measured in the transverse direction of at least 15%. A method of producing the multi-phase steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP STEEL EUROPE AG
    Inventors: Ekaterina Bocharova, Dorothea Mattissen, Roland Sebald, Daniel Krizan, Andreas Pichler
  • Publication number: 20130264123
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to methods of manufacturing steel tubes that can be used for mining exploration, and rods made by the same. Embodiments of the methods include a quenching of steel tubes from an austenitic temperature prior to a cold drawing, thereby increasing mechanical properties within the steel tube, such as yield strength, impact toughness, hardness, and abrasion resistance. Embodiments of the methods reduce the manufacturing step of quenching and tempering ends of a steel tube to compensate for wall thinning during threading operations. Embodiments of the methods also tighten dimensional tolerances and reduce residual stresses within steel tubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: Tenaris Connections Limited
    Inventors: Eduardo Altschuler, Pablo Egger
  • Publication number: 20130248055
    Abstract: A multi-phase steel which in addition to iron and unavoidable impurities includes (in % wt.) C: 0.14-0.25%, Mn: 1.7-2.5%, Si: 1.4-2.0%, Al: <0.1%, Cr: <0.1%, Mo: <0.05%, Nb: 0.02-0.06%, S: up to 0.01%, P: up to 0.02%, N: up to 0.01% and optionally one of Ti, B, and V according to the following stipulation: Ti: ?0.1%, B: ?0.002%, V: ?0.15%. A cast semi-finished product, is hot rolled starting at an initial temperature of 1100-1300° C. and ending at a final temperature of 820-950° C., coiled at 400-750° C., cold rolled into the cold flat product at degrees of 30-80%, and subjected to a heat treatment including continuous annealing at 20° C.+Ac1-Ac3 and overageing at 350-500° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP STEEL EUROPE AG
    Inventors: Ekaterina Bocharova, Dorothea Mattissen, Roland Sebald, Daniel Krizan, Andreas Pichler
  • Publication number: 20130213531
    Abstract: To provide an alloy which can suppress minute temporal deformation of a Super Invar alloy as much as possible, and a method for producing the alloy. The alloy of the present invention includes iron, nickel, and cobalt, which are the basic components of a Super Invar alloy, and is characterized in that an amount of a fraction which has not carbidized in carbon contained in the alloy is 0.010 wt % or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
  • Publication number: 20130209833
    Abstract: Hot-rolled or cold-rolled steel plate, method for manufacturing same and use thereof in the automotive industry A hot-rolled or cold-rolled steel plate, characterized in that its composition is in weight percentages: 0.6%?C?0.9%; 17%?Mn?22%; 0.2%?Al?0.9%; 0.2%?Si?1.1% with 0.85%?Al+Si?1.9%; 1.2%?Cu?1.9%; S?0.030%; P?0.080%; N?0.1%; optionally: Nb?0.25% and preferably comprised between 0.070 and 0.25%; V?0.5% and preferably comprised between 0.050 and 0.5%; Ti?0.5%, and preferably comprised between 0.040 and 0.5%; Ni?2%; trace amounts Cr?2%, preferably?1%; B?0.010%, and preferably, comprised between 0.0005% and 0.010%; the remainder being iron and impurities resulting from the production. A method for manufacturing this plate, the use of this plate in the automotive industry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: ARCELORMITTAL INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO, S.L.
    Inventors: Colin Scott, Philippe Cugy
  • Patent number: 8377238
    Abstract: A method and a device are provided for the thermomechanical treatment of seamless steel rings produced on radial-axial ring rolling machines, particularly rings of fine grain steel, heat-treatable steel, case hardened steel, or austenitic steel, preferably of steel tower flanges for wind turbine generators. The ring blank is inserted into the ring rolling machine at a temperature in the range of 900° C. to 1150° C. and is rolled to an outer diameter preferably in the range of 0.2 m to 10 m by a hot forming process. The hot ring (1) is quickly cooled down by a controlled process directly following the rolling, without secondary heating, from a temperature over the conversion temperature in the austenite range to a temperature below 400° C. The device includes a dipping basin filled with cooling liquid (8) or an unfilled cooling container, and a carrier (5) that can be lowered with a hoisting device (4), the rolled ring (1) lying on the carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Rothe Erde GmbH
    Inventors: Johannes Wozniak, Axel von Hehl, Nikolaus Balmus, Daniel Hansmann
  • Patent number: 8377235
    Abstract: The invention refers to a process for forming a steel component, incorporating the steps of—providing a blank having substantially the volume of the component to be formed,—heating the blank to a semi solid state with a specific liquid fraction,—forming the blank with a forging technique to a component of near net shape dimensions,—subjecting the formed, near net shape component, to a normalization combined with a hardening,—subjecting the normalized and hardened near net shape component to machining to give the component net shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Aktiebolaget SKF
    Inventors: Patrick Dahlman, Martin Friis, Henrik Karlsson
  • Patent number: 8361254
    Abstract: Maraging steel compositions, methods of forming the same, and articles formed therefrom comprising, by weight, 15.0 to 20.0% Ni, 2.0 to 6.0% Mo, 3.0 to 8.0% Ti, up to 0.5% Al, the balance Fe and residual impurities. The composition may be a first layer of a composite plate, and may have a second layer deposited on the first layer, the second layer having a composition comprising, by weight, 15.0 to 20.0% Ni, 2.0 to 6.0% Mo, 1.0 to 3.0 Ti, up to 0.5% Al, the balance Fe and residual impurities. The first layer may have a hardness value ranging from 58 to 64 RC, and the second layer may have a hardness value ranging from 48 to 54 RC. The first layer may be formed employing powdered metallurgical techniques. Articles formed from the compositions include armored plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald E. Bailey, Thomas R. Parayil, Timothy M. Hackett, Tong C. Lee
  • Patent number: 8357252
    Abstract: High tensile strength steels that have both favorable delayed fracture resistance and a tensile strength of 600 MPa or higher and are suitably used in construction machinery, tanks, penstocks, and pipelines, as well as methods for manufacturing such steels are provided. The safety index of delayed fracture resistance (%) is 100×(X1/X0), where X0: reduction of area of a specimen substantially free from diffusible hydrogen, and X1: reduction of area of a specimen containing diffusible hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akihide Nagao, Kenji Oi, Kenji Hayashi, Nobuo Shikanai
  • Patent number: 8313589
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide at a low cost a low-alloy steel having a high strength and excellent high-pressure hydrogen environment embrittlement resistance characteristics under a high-pressure hydrogen environment. The invention is a high-strength low-alloy steel excellent in high-pressure hydrogen environment embrittlement resistance characteristics, which is characterized in that the steel has a composition comprising C: 0.10 to 0.20%, Si: 0.10 to 0.40%, Mn: 0.50 to 1.20%, Cr: 0.20 to 0.80%, Cu: 0.10 to 0.50%, Mo: 0.10 to 1.00%, V: 0.01 to 0.10%, B: 0.0005 to 0.005% and N: 0.01% or less, by mass, with the balance consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Koichi Takasawa, Yoru Wada, Ryoji Ishigaki, Yasuhiko Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8313592
    Abstract: A thermal mechanical treatment method includes hot working a precipitation hardening martensitic stainless steel, quenching the stainless steel, and aging the stainless steel. According to certain embodiments, the thermal mechanical treatment does not include solution heat treating the stainless steel prior to aging or cryogenically cooling the stainless steel. An article includes a precipitation hardening martensitic stainless steel having a process history that includes hot working the stainless steel, quenching the stainless steel, and aging the stainless steel. According to certain embodiments, the process history does not include solution heat treating the stainless steel prior to aging or cryogenically cooling the stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Wei-Di Cao, Erin T. McDevitt
  • Patent number: 8298353
    Abstract: A transformation toughened, high-strength steel alloy useful in plate steel applications achieves extreme fracture toughness (Cv > 80 ft-lbs corresponding to KId=200 ksi.in ½) at strength levels of 150-180 ksi yield strength, is weldable and formable. The alloy is characterized by dispersed austenite stabilization for transformation toughening to a weldable, bainitic plate steel and is strengthened by precipitation of M2C carbides in combination with copper and nickel. The desired microstructure is a matrix containing a bainite-martensite mix, BCC copper and M2C carbide particles for strengthening with a fine dispersion of optimum stability austenite for transformation toughening. The bainite-martensite mix is formed by air-cooling from solution treatment temperature and subsequent aging at secondary hardening temperatures to precipitate the toughening and strengthening dispersions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Northwestern University
    Inventors: Arup Saha, Gregory B. Olson
  • Publication number: 20120255654
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a dual phase steel sheet and a method of manufacturing the same. The steel sheet comprises C: 0.05˜0.10 % wt %, Si: 0.03˜0.50 wt %, Mn: 1.50˜2.00 wt %, P: greater than 0 wt %˜0.03 wt %, S: greater than 0 wt %˜0.003 wt %, Al: 0.03˜0.50 wt %, Cr:0.1˜0.2 wt %, Mo: 0.1˜0.20 wt %, Nb: 0.02˜0.04 wt %, B: greater than 0 wt %˜0.005 wt %, N: greater than 0 wt %˜0.01 wt %, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. To impart excellent formability, bake hardenability, dent resistance, high Ri value and plating characteristics to the steel sheet for exterior and interior panels of automobiles, the steel sheet is processed to have a dual phase structure through cold rolling, annealing, and hot-dip galvanizing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Applicant: HYUNDAI HYSCO
    Inventors: DONG-EUN KIM, JIN-SUNG PARK, HEE-JOONG IM, MAN-BEEN MOON, HYUN-WOON OH
  • Publication number: 20120160373
    Abstract: A forging heat resistant steel of an embodiment contains in percent by mass C: 0.05-0.2, Si: 0.01-0.1, Mn: 0.01-0.15, Ni: 0.05-1, Cr: 8 or more and less than 10, Mo: 0.05-1, V: 0.05-0.3, Co: 1-5, W: 1-2.2, N: 0.01 or more and less than 0.015, Nb: 0.01-0.15, B: 0.003-0.03, and a remainder comprising Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicants: THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD., Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Masayuki YAMADA, Reki Takaku, Haruki Ohnishi, Kenichi Okuno, Kenichi Imai, Kazuhiro Miki, Tsukasa Azuma, Satoru Ohsaki
  • Patent number: 8192561
    Abstract: Method for manufacturing at least one part of a device for mounting directly or indirectly on an arm of an earth-moving or material-handling machine, such as an excavator, tractor, harvester, forwarder or crane, whereby the device enables coupling and/or positioning (tilt and/or turn) of a tool (14), such as a bucket, grapple, fork, vibratory compactor or harvesting head, relatively to the arm of the machine. The method includes the steps of: a) forming a melt including unalloyed or alloyed ductile iron, b) casting at least one part of a device from the melt, c) allowing the at least one part of the device to cool, d) austenitizing the at least one part of the device, e) quenching the at least one part of the device, f) austempering the at least one part of the device, and g) allowing the at least one part of the device to cool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Indexator Group AB
    Inventor: Richard Larker
  • Publication number: 20120134872
    Abstract: An abrasion resistant steel consisting essentially of, in weight %: 0.20-0.30% carbon, 0.40-1.25% manganese, 0.05% maximum phosphorous, 0.01% maximum sulfur, 0.20-0.60% silicon, 0.50-1.70% chromium, 0.20-2.00% nickel, 0.07-0.60% molybdenum, 0.010-0.10% titanium, 0.001-0.10% boron, 0.015-0.10% aluminum, balance iron, and incidental impurities. The steel may be melted and cast into a steel ingot or slab, hot rolled to a desired plate thickness; austenitized at 1650-1700° F.; water quenched; and tempered at 350-450° F. The resulting steel plate may have a surface hardness of at least 440 HBW, a mid-thickness hardness of at least 90% of the surface hardness, and toughness in the transverse direction at ?60° F. of at least 20 ft-lbs and at room temperature of at least 40 ft-lbs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicant: KENNAMETAL INC.
    Inventor: Vance Allen Moody
  • Publication number: 20120132322
    Abstract: An abrasion resistant steel consisting essentially of, in weight %: 0.20-0.30% carbon, 0.40-1.25% manganese, 0.05% maximum phosphorous, 0.01% maximum sulfur, 0.20-0.60% silicon, 0.50-1.70% chromium, 0.20-2.00% nickel, 0.07-0.60% molybdenum, 0.010-0.10% titanium, 0.001-0.10% boron, 0.015-0.10% aluminum, balance iron, and incidental impurities. The steel may be melted and cast into a steel ingot or slab, hot rolled to a desired plate thickness; austenitized at 1650-1700° F.; water quenched; and tempered at 350-450° F. The resulting steel plate may have a surface hardness of at least 440 HBW, a mid-thickness hardness of at least 90% of the surface hardness, and toughness in the transverse direction at ?60° F. of at least 20 ft-lbs and at room temperature of at least 40 ft-lbs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicant: KENNAMETAL INC.
    Inventor: Vance Allen Moody
  • Publication number: 20120132323
    Abstract: A steel product having, by weight, less than 0.25% carbon, between 0.20 and 2.0% manganese, between 0.05 and 0.50% silicon, aluminum 0.008% or less by weight, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of titanium between about 0.01% and about 0.20%, niobium between about 0.01% and about 0.20%, molybdenum between about 0.05% and about 0.50%, and vanadium between about 0.01% and about 0.20%, and having a microstructure comprised of a majority bainite, and fine oxide particles of silicon and iron distributed through the steel microstructure of average precipitate size less than 50 nanometers. The yield strength of the steel product may be at least 55 ksi (380 MPa) or the tensile strength of at least 500 MPa, or both. The steel product may have total elongation of at least 6% or 10%, and thickness less than 3.0 mm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicant: NUCOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Christopher Ronald KILLMORE, James Geoffrey WILLIAMS
  • Patent number: RE45821
    Abstract: A zinc-based metal plated steel sheet is excellent in tribological properties during press forming. An oxide layer containing crystalline 3Zn(OH)2·ZnSO4·xH2O is formed on a plated surface. The oxide layer has a thickness of 10 nm or more. The crystalline oxide layer is composed of 3Zn(OH)2·ZnSO4·3-5H2O.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoichi Makimizu, Sakae Fujita, Naoto Yoshimi, Masahiko Tada, Shinji Ootsuka, Hiroyuki Masuoka, Katsuya Hoshino, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Masayasu Nagoshi, Wataru Tanimoto, Kyoko Fujimoto