With Casting Or Solidifying From Melt Patents (Class 148/538)
  • Patent number: 10682716
    Abstract: A method for rapidly forming a part using combination of arc deposition and laser shock forging, including: 1) dividing a preforming part model into one or more simple forming units by the simulation system and determining a forming order of the forming unit; 2) controlling, by the numerical control device, an arc welding device to perform a melting deposition forming of a processing material layer by layer on a processing substrate of a motion platform to form a melting deposition layer; 3) controlling, by the computer, a movement of the motion platform to keep a fusion zone always in a horizontal state, at the same time, a pulse laser beam of a laser device to perform a synchronous shock forging on an arc deposition region at a plastic deformation temperature. A device for implementing the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: Guangdong University of Technology
    Inventors: Yongkang Zhang, Qingtian Yang, Zhifan Yang, Zheng Zhang, Qiuyun Yu
  • Patent number: 10532134
    Abstract: In described embodiments, the present invention includes a magnesium-based composite material formed from a plurality of ?-phase magnesium grains; and a ?-alloy phase comprising magnesium and nano-diamond and/or and phosphate containing nanoparticles, the ?-alloy phase surrounding each of the plurality of magnesium grains. A method of manufacturing a composite material is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Gongyao Zhou, Haibo Gong, Donggang Yao
  • Patent number: 10487934
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention efficaciously implement robust gearbox housings. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating a gearbox housing includes: providing an alloy composition from which the gearbox housing will be fabricated from; casting the alloy composition around a solid body so as to form a part characterized by the inclusion of a cavity, where the cast part includes a metallic glass-based material; and nondestructively separating the cast part from the solid body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew Kennett, Douglas C. Hofmann, John Paul C. Borgonia
  • Patent number: 10391554
    Abstract: Embodiments of a method for producing powder mixtures having uniform dispersion of ceramic particles within larger superalloy particles are provided, as are embodiments of superalloy powder mixtures. In one embodiment, the method includes producing an initial powder mixture comprising ceramic particles mixed with superalloy mother particles having an average diameter larger than the average diameter of the ceramic particles. The initial powder mixture is formed into a consumable solid body. At least a portion of the consumable solid body is gradually melted, while the consumable solid body is rotated at a rate of speed sufficient to cast-off a uniformly dispersed powder mixture in which the ceramic particles are embedded within the superalloy mother particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: James Piascik, Amer Aizaz, James J Cobb, James S Roundy
  • Patent number: 10358709
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes 3 to 7.0% Zn, 0.001 to 0.5% Ca, the remainder being magnesium containing impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005 of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloying elements are selected from the group of the rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.001% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: BIOTRONIK AG
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Patent number: 10344365
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes <3% by weight of Zn, ?0.6% by weight of Ca, with the rest being formed by magnesium containing impurities, which favor electrochemical potential differences and/or promote the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloy contains elements selected from the group of rare earths with the atomic number 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.002% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: BIOTRONIK AG
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Patent number: 10322447
    Abstract: A method is provided for fabricating a carbon nanotube metal matrix composite. The method may include forming a molten mixture by combining carbon nanotubes with a molten solution. The carbon nanotubes combined with the molten solution may be dispersed therein. The method may also include transferring the molten mixture to a mold and applying a magnetic field to the molten mixture in the mold to substantially align at least a portion of the carbon nanotubes with one another. The method may further include solidifying the molten mixture in the mold to fabricate the carbon nanotube metal matrix composite, where at least a portion of the carbon nanotubes may be substantially aligned in the carbon nanotube metal matrix composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: DRESSER-RAND COMPANY
    Inventor: Nicholas Pillon
  • Patent number: 10174410
    Abstract: A heat-resistant molybdenum alloy of this invention comprises a first phase containing Mo as a main component and a second phase comprising a Mo—Si—B-based intermetallic compound particle phase, wherein the balance is an inevitable impurity and wherein the Si content is 0.05 mass % or more and 0.80 mass % or less and the B content is 0.04 mass % or more and 0.60 mass % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: A.L.M.T. Corp.
    Inventors: Takanori Kadokura, Hidenobu Nishino, Ayuri Tsuji, Shigekazu Yamazaki, Akihiko Ikegaya
  • Patent number: 10040724
    Abstract: The present invention provides for carbide ceramic matrix composite comprising Cf/C—SiC-xMC wherein Cf/C is a carbon fiber reinforced carbon matrix, x is at least 2, and wherein MC are carbides of transition metals with M being at least two different transition metals selected from the group consisting of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten. The invention further provides for a method for manufacturing the composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignees: University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Phylis Sarah Makurunje, Iakovos Sigalas, Mathias Herrmann
  • Patent number: 9933754
    Abstract: Nickel-free bulk amorphous alloy, formed, in atomic percent, of: a zirconium and/or hafnium base, forming the balance, with a total zirconium and hafnium value greater than or equal to 52.0, and less than or equal to 62.0; copper: greater than or equal to 16.0, and less than or equal to 28.0; iron: greater than or equal to 0.5, and less than or equal to 10.0; aluminum: greater than or equal to 7.0, and less than or equal to 13.0; at least two additional metals taken from the family including Ti, V, Nb, Y, Cr, Mo, Co, Sn, Zn, P, Pd, Ag, Au, Pt, Ta, Ru, Rh, Ir, Os, and Hf when the base contains none, and Zr when the base contains none, with the cumulative atomic percentage of these additional metals being greater then 6.0 and less than or equal to 10.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: The Swatch Group Research and Development Ltd
    Inventors: Alban Dubach, Yves Winkler, Tommy Carozzani
  • Patent number: 9869007
    Abstract: Provided is a hydrogen storage alloy which is characterized in that two or more crystal phases having different crystal structures are layered in a c-axis direction of the crystal structures. The hydrogen storage alloy is further characterized in that a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of a lattice constant a in the crystal structures of the laminated two or more crystal phases is 0.03 ? or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignees: GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LTD., NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Tadashi Kakeya, Manabu Kanemoto, Minoru Kuzuhara, Tetsuya Ozaki, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai
  • Patent number: 9339990
    Abstract: A Zr-based or Zr—Cu based metallic glass thin film (MGTF) coated on aluminum alloy substrate and a method of fabricating the metallic glass and MGTF coated on aluminum alloy substrate are disclosed. The Zr-based metallic glass thin film-coated aluminum alloy substrate of the present invention comprises: an aluminum alloy substrate; and a Zr-based metallic glass thin film located on the substrate, in which the Zr-based metallic glass is represented by the formula of (ZraCubNicAld)100-xSix, wherein 45=<a=<75, 25=<b=<35, 5=<c=<15, 5=<d=<15, 0.1=<x=<10. The Zr—Cu-based metallic glass thin film coated substrate of the present invention comprises: an aluminum alloy substrate; a Zr—Cu-based metallic glass thin film located on the aluminum alloy substrate, in which the Zr—Cu-based metallic glass is represented by the formula of (ZreCufAlgAgh)100-ySiy, wherein 35=<e=<55, 35=<f=<55, 5=<g=<15, 5=<h=<15, 0.1=<y=<10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: NATIONAL CENTRAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Jason Shiang Ching Jang, Pei Hua Tsai, Jia Bin Li, Yi Zong Zhang, Chih Chiang Fu, Jinn. P Chu
  • Patent number: 9200664
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of manufacturing a wheel nut. The method includes annealing an aluminum (Al) alloy material and preheating the annealed Al alloy material. The Al alloy material is also forged to form a wheel nut. Furthermore, the method includes performing an anodizing treatment to form a primary coating on the wheel nut and performing a vacuum deposition to form a secondary coating on the wheel nut. In addition, the method includes performing a surface treatment using powder paint to form a tertiary coating on the wheel nut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Chul Hong Bae, Kwang Min Yoon, Young Chan Kim
  • Patent number: 9181088
    Abstract: An assembly of two objects integral with each other through at least one linking element provided between both objects, said linking element including at least a first material portion comprising intermetallic compounds of a phase formed with a first brazing metal and a second metal the melting point of which is higher than that of the first brazing metal, said linking element further including at least a second material portion composed of at least a third metal, said second material portion contacting both objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'energie atomique et aux energies alternatives
    Inventors: Henri Sibuet, Xavier Baillin, Nicolas Sillon
  • Patent number: 9133025
    Abstract: The invention provides a hydrogen storage material consisting essentially of a hydride of lithium and magnesium, the material having the general formula: LixMgyHn wherein: (i) x is in the range of from 0.17 to 0.93; (ii) y is in the range of from 0.07 to 0.83; and (iii) n is not greater than (x+2y); with the proviso that n is not (x+2y) when (a) x=y; (b) x=2y or (c) 2x=y. Methods of producing the hydrogen storage material and its use to store hydrogen reversibly or irreversibly are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: Ilika Technologies Limited
    Inventors: Brian Elliott Hayden, Duncan Clifford Alan Smith, Jean-Philippe Soulie
  • Publication number: 20150137045
    Abstract: [Problem] To prepare a thin plate having excellent corrosion resistance, conductivity, and formability at low cost. [Solution] A thin plate is prepared by an ultraquenching transition control injector with a mixture of a metal powder having corrosion resistance to form a matrix and a powder having conductivity, as a raw material. An obtained thin plate has a conductive material component that exists, without dissolving, in a metal matrix exhibiting corrosion resistance by passivation, thereby having aforementioned characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: Nakayama Amorphous Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kiuchi, Ryurou Kurahashi, Junji Takehara, Shigeo Kakudou, Tsunehiro Mimura
  • Publication number: 20150129092
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes <3% by weight of Zn, ?0.6% by weight of Ca, with the rest being formed by magnesium containing impurities, which favor electrochemical potential differences and/or promote the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloy contains elements selected from the group of rare earths with the atomic number 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.002% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150129091
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes 3 to 7.0% Zn, 0.001 to 0.5% Ca, the remainder being magnesium containing impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005 of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloying elements are selected from the group of the rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.001% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150119995
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy, implants and method for the production thereof. The magnesium alloy includes 1.5 to 7.0% by weight Zn, 0.5 to 3.5% by weight Al, the remainder being magnesium which contains impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of precipitations and/or intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.0063% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Y, Sc or rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103, Be, Cd, In, Sn and/or Pb as well as P.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150096652
    Abstract: Ni—Fe—Si—B and Ni—Fe—Si—B—P metallic glass forming alloys and metallic glasses are provided. Metallic glass rods with diameters of at least one, up to three millimeters, or more can be formed from the disclosed alloys. The disclosed metallic glasses demonstrate high yield strength combined with high corrosion resistance, while for a relatively high Fe contents the metallic glasses are ferromagnetic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: Glassimetal Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jong Hyun Na, Michael Floyd, Marios D. Demetriou, William L. Johnson, Glenn Garrett, Maximilien Launey
  • Patent number: 8999083
    Abstract: An aluminum alloy fin material for a heat exchanger having suitable strength before brazing enabling easy fin formation, having high strength after brazing, having a high thermal conductivity (electrical conductivity) after brazing, and having superior sag resistance, erosion resistance, self corrosion prevention, and sacrificial anode effect, a method of production of the same, and a method of production of a heat exchanger using the fin material are provided, that is, an aluminum alloy fin material having a chemical composition of Si: 0.7 to 1.4 wt %, Fe: 0.5 to 1.4 wt %, Mn: 0.7 to 1.4 wt %, and Zn: 0.5 to 2.5 wt %, Mg as an impurity limited to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideki Suzuki, Tomohiro Sasaki, Masae Nagasawa, Nobuki Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8999085
    Abstract: A high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip used for steel strips of automobiles requiring superior formability and high strength, a plated steel strip produced by using the same, and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. The high Mn steel strip comprises, by weight %, 0.2˜1.5% of C, 10˜25% of Mn, 0.01˜3.0% of Al, 0.005˜2.0% of Si, 0.03% or less of P, 0.03% or less of S, 0.040% or less of N, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. The high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip, and the plated steel strip produced by using the same have superior surface properties and plating characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Posco
    Inventors: Seong-Ju Kim, Kwang-Geun Chin, Hyun-Gyu Hwang, Sung-Kyu Kim, Il-Ryoung Sohn, Young-Kook Lee, Oh-Yeon Lee
  • Publication number: 20150090371
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for forming high aspect ratio metallic glass, including metallic glass sheet and tube, by a melt deposition process are provided. In some methods and apparatus a molten alloy is deposited inside a tubular channel formed by two concentrically arranged substrates, and shaped and quenched by conduction to the substrates in a manner that enables the molten alloy to vitrify prior to undergoing substantial shear flow. The deposition method allows the molten alloy to be deposited and formed while being quenched, without undergoing substantial shear flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Marios D. Demetriou, Joseph P. Schramm, William L. Johnson, David S. Lee
  • Patent number: 8992705
    Abstract: During a process of cooling a hypereutectic Al—Si alloy melt, ultrasonic vibration is applied to the melt to crystallize primary crystal ?-Al using, in combination, an ultrasonic transducer (8) that generates the ultrasonic vibration, an ultrasonic horn (7) that is connected to the ultrasonic transducer (8) and transmits the ultrasonic vibration in a specified direction, a treatment vessel (2) that holds the melt and is in contact with the ultrasonic horn (7), and a treatment vessel fixing device (3) that fixes the treatment vessel (2) by pressing the treatment vessel toward the ultrasonic horn (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyota School Foundation
    Inventors: Yuichi Furukawa, Yoshiki Tsunekawa
  • Patent number: 8986472
    Abstract: The present invention is directed at metal alloys that are capable of forming spinodal glass matrix microconstituent structure. The alloys are iron based and include nickel, boron, silicon and optionally chromium. The alloys exhibit ductility and relatively high tensile strengths and may be in the form of sheet, ribbon, wire, and/or fiber. Applications for such alloys are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: The NanoSteel Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel James Branagan, Brian E. Meacham, Jason K. Walleser, Alla V. Sergueeva, Andrew T. Ball, Grant G. Justice
  • Publication number: 20150080998
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy and to a method for the production thereof and implants made thereof. The magnesium alloy includes up to 6.0% by weight Zn, and preferably 2.0 to 4.0% by weight Zn, 2.0 to 10.0% by weight Al, and preferably 3.0 to 6.0% by weight Al, where % by weight Al?% by weight Zn shall apply, the remainder being magnesium containing impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of precipitations and/or intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.0063% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Y, Sc or rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103, Be, Cd, In, Sn and/or Pb as well as P, and the matrix of the alloy is solid solution hardening due to Al and An and is also particle hardening due to the intermetallic phases formed of Mg and Al.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Patent number: 8974707
    Abstract: Planar or tubular sputtering targets made of a silver base alloy and at least one further alloy component selected from indium, tin, antimony, and bismuth accounting jointly for a weight fraction of 0.01 to 5.0% by weight are known. However, moving on to ever larger targets, spark discharges are evident and often lead to losses especially in the production of large and high-resolution displays having comparatively small pixels. For producing a sputtering target with a large surface area on the basis of a silver alloy of this type, which has a surface area of more than 0.3 m2 as a planar sputtering target and has a length of at least 1.0 m as a tubular sputtering target, and in which the danger of spark discharges is reduced and thus a sputtering process with comparatively high power density is made feasible, the invention proposes that the silver base alloy has a crystalline structure with a mean grain size of less than 120 ?m, an oxygen content of less than 50 wt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Heraeus Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Schlott, Sabine Schneider-Betz, Uwe Konietzka, Markus Schultheis, Ben Kahle, Lars Ebel
  • Publication number: 20150041025
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method for forming a metallic component by additive layer manufacturing are provided. The method includes the steps of using a heat source such as a laser to melt the surface of a work piece and form a weld pool; adding wire or powdered metallic material to the weld pool and moving the heat source relative to the work piece so as to progressively form a new layer of metallic material on the work piece; applying forced cooling to the formed layer; stress relieving the cooled layer by applying a peening step, for example with a pulsed laser, and repeating the above steps as required to form the component layer by layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: BAE SYSTEMS PLC
    Inventors: Andrew David Wescott, Jagjit Sidhu
  • Patent number: 8936664
    Abstract: One embodiment provides a method of melting, comprising: providing a mixture of alloy elements that are at least partially crystalline; and heating the mixture in a container to a temperature above a melting temperature of the alloy elements to form an alloy, wherein the container comprises silica, and wherein the mixture comprising Zr and is free of Ti and Be.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Crucible Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventor: Theodore Andrew Waniuk
  • Patent number: 8911571
    Abstract: This invention discloses an L,R,C method and equipment for casting amorphous, ultracrystallite and crystallite metal slabs or other shaped metals. A workroom (8) with a constant temperature of tb=?190° C. and a constant pressure of pb=1 bar, and liquid nitrogen of ?190° C. and 1.877 bar is used as a cold source for cooling the casting blank. A liquid nitrogen ejector (5) ejects said liquid nitrogen to the surface of ferrous or non-ferrous metallic slabs or other shaped metals (7) with various ejection quantity v and various jet velocity k. Ejected liquid nitrogen comes into contact with the casting blank at cross section c shown in FIG. 2. This method adopts ultra thin film ejection technology, with a constant thickness of said film at 2 mm and ejection speed Kmax of said liquid nitrogen at 30 m/s.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Inventor: Zhuwen Ming
  • Publication number: 20140345754
    Abstract: A method to form and to separate bulk solidifying amorphous alloy or composite containing amorphous alloy where the forming and separating takes place at a temperature around the glass transition temperature or within the super cooled liquid region are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Tran Quoc Pham, Theodore Andrew Waniuk, Michael Blaine Deming, Sean Timothy O'Keeffe
  • Patent number: 8882940
    Abstract: Bulk solidifying amorphous alloys exhibiting improved processing and mechanical properties and methods of forming these alloys are provided. The bulk solidifying amorphous alloys are composed to have high Poisson's ratio values. Exemplary Pt-based bulk solidifying amorphous alloys having such high Poisson's ratio values are also described. The Pt-based alloys are based on Pt—Ni—Co—Cu—P alloys, and the mechanical properties of one exemplary alloy having a composition of substantially Pt57.5Cu14.7Ni5.3P22.5 are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Crucible Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventors: William Johnson, Jan Schroers
  • Patent number: 8871143
    Abstract: Hardened amalgams formed from copper mixed with liquid gallium or liquid gallium-indium alloys are used to fabricate sputter targets comprised of copper, gallium and indium (CIG) and targets of selenides of copper, gallium and indium (CIGS). Amalgam hardening occurs by formation of intermetallic compounds at or near ambient temperature as a result of reaction between liquid metals and solid metals in powder form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventor: Leonard Nanis
  • Patent number: 8865057
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for industrial-scale production of metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs) are provided. The apparatus and methods can be used for the batch production of an MMNC in a volume of molten metal housed within the cavity of a production chamber. Within the volume of molten metal, a flow is created which continuously carries agglomerates of nanoparticles, which have been introduced into the molten metal, through a cavitation zone formed in a cavitation cell housed within the production chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Xiaochun Li, Noe Gaudencio Alba-Baena, Daniel Earl Hoefert, David Weiss, Woo-hyun Cho, Ben Peter Slater, Hongseok Choi
  • Publication number: 20140283956
    Abstract: The disclosure is directed to a method of forming high-aspect-ratio metallic glass articles that are substantially free of defects and cosmetic flaws by means of rapid capacitive discharge forming. Metallic glass alloys that are stable against crystallization for at least 100 ms at temperatures where the viscosity is in the range of 100 to 104 Pa-s are considered as suitable for forming such high-aspect-ratio articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Glassimetal Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph P. Schramm, Jong Hyun Na, Marios D. Demetriou, David S. Lee, William L. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20140271341
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing castings are described. The method can include heating a ceramic mold comprising a gate inlet, and melting a metallic composition. The method can also include presenting the ceramic mold to a casting station such that the gate inlet is in fluid communication with the molten metallic composition, and casting against gravity the molten metallic composition into the heated mold through the gate inlet. Furthermore, the method can include rotating the mold to position with the gate inlet in an upward direction while the metallic composition is at least partially molten within the mold, and quenching the molten metallic composition in a liquid quench medium to solidify the molten metallic composition within the mold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: PCC Structurals, Inc.
    Inventors: James Raphord Barrett, Michael Snow
  • Publication number: 20140261904
    Abstract: A system and method for formation and processing of pressurized die cast metal articles or components includes an injection or casting station in which a series of cast metal articles are formed within a series of dies by the introduction of a metal material into the dies. The dies are then moved to a retention area where the metal material is permitted to solidify to form the castings, after which the dies are opened and the castings removed therefrom, and subsequently are transferred to a short cycle solution heat treatment station. The castings are conveyed through the short cycle solution heat treatment station with the castings maintained within a series of fixtures to dimensionally support and stabilize the castings during solution heat treatment thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Consolidated Engineering Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott P. Crafton, Volker R. Knobloch, Paul M. Crafton, Shanker Subramaniam
  • Publication number: 20140251500
    Abstract: New magnetic materials containing cerium, iron, and small additions of a third element are disclosed. These materials comprise compounds Ce(Fe12?xMx) where x=1-4, having the ThMn12 tetragonal crystal structure (space group I4/mmm, #139). Compounds with M=B, Al, Si, P, S, Sc, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ge, Zr, Nb, Hf, Ta, and W are identified theoretically, and one class of compounds based on M=Si has been synthesized. The Si cognates are characterized by large magnetic moments (4?Ms greater than 1.27 Tesla) and high Curie temperatures (264?Tc?305° C.). The Ce(Fe12?xMx) compound may contain one or more of Ti, V, Cr, and Mo in combination with an M element. Further enhancement in Tc is obtained by nitriding the Ce compounds through heat treatment in N2 gas while retaining the ThMn12 tetragonal crystal structure; for example CeFe10Si2N1.29 has Tc=426° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: CHEN ZHOU, FREDERICK E. PINKERTON, JAN F. HERBST
  • Publication number: 20140238556
    Abstract: Metallic alloys are disclosed containing Fe at 48.0 to 81.0 atomic percent, B at 2.0 to 8.0 atomic percent, Si at 4.0 to 14.0 atomic percent, and at least one or more of Cu, Mn or Ni, wherein the Cu is present at 0.1 to 6.0 atomic percent, Mn is present at 0.1 to 21.0 atomic percent and Ni is present at 0.1 to 16.0 atomic percent. The alloys may be heated at temperatures of 200° C. to 850° C. for a time period of up to 1 hour and upon cooling there is no eutectoid transformation. The alloys may then be formed into a selected shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Alla V. SERGUEEVA, Craig S. PARSONS
  • Publication number: 20140227125
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement bulk metallic glass matrix composites in the fabrication of objects. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating an object including a bulk metallic glass matrix composite includes: forming a bulk metallic glass matrix composite composition into the shape of the object to be fabricated; and developing the bulk metallic glass matrix composite composition to include non-equilibrium inclusions that are softer than the surrounding matrix as measured by one of: the shear modulus, the elastic limit, and the hardness; where the bulk metallic glass matrix composite composition is such that the extent of the presence of the inclusions can be made to vary.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: California Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Douglas C. Hofmann
  • Publication number: 20140224385
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a turbocharger component for an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The method may include introducing a material into a mold, wherein the material includes at least one added alloying element. The method may further include applying a pressure to the material, and solidifying the material by cooling the material at a cooling rate, wherein the solidifying preserves an amount of the at least one added alloying element in solid solution in the material. The method may also include forming precipitates within the material by aging the material at an aging temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: Caterpillar Incorporated
    Inventors: Nan YANG, Jeff Alan Jensen
  • Publication number: 20140209218
    Abstract: Metal ingots for forming single-crystal shape-memory alloys (SMAs) may be fabricated with high reliability and control by alloying thin layers of material together. In this improved method, a reactive layer (e.g., aluminum) is provided in thin flat layers between layers of other materials (e.g., copper and layers of nickel). When the stacked layers are vacuum heated in a crucible to the melting temperature of the reactive layer, it becomes reactive and chemically bonds to the other layers, and may form eutectics that, as the temperature is further increased, melt homogeneously and congruently at temperatures below the melting temperatures of copper and nickel. Oxidation and evaporation are greatly reduced compared to other methods of alloying, and loss of material from turbulence is minimized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: Ormco Corporation
    Inventors: Alfred David Johnson, Walter A. Bachmann
  • Publication number: 20140213384
    Abstract: Golf clubs formed from bulk-solidifying amorphous metals (i.e., metallic glasses) having high elastic modulus and fracture toughness, and to methods of forming the same are provided. Among other components, the golf club materials disclosed enable fabrication of flexural membranes or shells used in golf club heads (drivers, fairways, hybrids, irons, wedges and putters) exhibiting enhanced flexural or bending compliance together with the ability to deform plastically and avoid brittle fracture or catastrophic failure when overloaded under bending loads. Further, the high strength of the material and its density, comparable to that of steel, enables the redistribution of mass in the golf club while maintaining a desired overall target mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: GlassiMetal Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Johnson, David S. Lee, Marios D. Demetriou, Jong Hyun Na, Glenn Garrett
  • Publication number: 20140212324
    Abstract: Provided by the present invention are a fine crystallite high-function metal alloy member, a method for manufacturing the same, and a business development method thereof, in which a crystallite of a metal alloy including a high-purity metal alloy whose crystal lattice is a face-centered cubic lattice, a body-centered cubic lattice, or a close-packed hexagonal lattice is made fine with the size in the level of nanometers (10?9 m to 10?6 m) and micrometers (10?6 m to 10?3 m), and the form thereof is adjusted, thereby remedying drawbacks thereof and enhancing various characteristics without losing superior characteristics owned by the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: THREE-O CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuo Ogasa
  • Patent number: 8790472
    Abstract: [Problems] A conventional process for producing a solder preform in which a predetermined amount of high-melting metal particles are directly put into molten solder and stirred, requires a long time for dispersing the high-melting metal particles by stirring. Therefore, in the conventional method for producing a solder preform, dissolution of the high-melting metal particles into the molten solder occurred during stirring, and their particle diameters became small. If a semiconductor chip and a substrate are soldered with a solder preform containing metal particles having such decreased diameters, the space between portions being soldered becomes narrow, and a sufficient bonding strength is not obtained. [Means for Solving the Problems] In the present invention, a premixed master alloy having a higher proportion of the high-melting metal particles in solder is first prepared, then the premixed master alloy is put into molten solder to disperse the high-melting metal particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Senju Metal Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Ueshima, Takashi Ishii
  • Publication number: 20140202596
    Abstract: A method of forming a bulk metallic glass is provided. The method includes overheating the alloy melt to a temperature above a threshold temperature, Ttough, associated with the metallic glass demonstrating substantial improvement in toughness compared to the toughness demonstrated in the absence of overheating the melt above Tliquidus, and another threshold temperature, TGFA, associated with the metallic glass demonstrating substantial improvement in glass-forming ability compared to the glass-forming ability demonstrated in the absence of overheating the melt above Tliquidus. After overheating the alloy melt to above Ttough and TGFA, the melt may be cooled and equilibrated to an intermediate temperature below both Ttough and TGFA but above Tliquidus, and subsequently quenched at a high enough rate to form a bulk metallic glass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: GLASSIMETAL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Jong Hyun NA, Michael FLOYD, David S. LEE, Marios D. DEMETRIOU, William L. JOHNSON, Glenn GARRETT
  • Publication number: 20140202597
    Abstract: One embodiment provides an article, comprising: an inner container having a cavity, the inner container comprising a ceramic; and an outer container, the outer container comprising a susceptor; wherein at least a portion of an outer surface of the inner container is in contact with an inner surface of the outer container, and wherein the inner container is removable from the mold. Methods of melting using the present article are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2011
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: Crucible Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventor: Theodore A. Waniuk
  • Patent number: 8784579
    Abstract: A process of grain refining magnesium metal or magnesium based alloy including the step of a) providing a melt of the magnesium metal or magnesium based alloy, said melt including a grain refining agent in an amount effective to induce grain refinement of said magnesium or magnesium based alloy upon solidification, wherein the grain refining agent is vanadium metal, where said grain refinement comprises a reduction in average grain size of at least 50% (percent) as compared with the average grain size without addition of said grain refining agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Inventor: Joka Buha
  • Publication number: 20140190593
    Abstract: Ni—Fe—Si—B and Ni—Fe—Si—B—P metallic glass forming alloys and metallic glasses are provided. Metallic glass rods with diameters of at least one, up to three millimeters, or more can be formed from the disclosed alloys. The disclosed metallic glasses demonstrate high yield strength combined with high corrosion resistance, while for a relatively high Fe contents the metallic glasses are ferromagnetic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2014
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: Glassimetal Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jong Hyun Na, Michael Floyd, Marios D. Demetriou, William L. Johnson, Glenn Garrett, Maximilien Launey
  • Patent number: RE45353
    Abstract: A method of making composites of bulk-solidifying amorphous alloys, and articles made thereof, containing at least one type or reinforcement material, wherein the composite material preferably comprises a high volume fraction of reinforcement material and is fully-dense with minimum porosity are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Crucible Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventor: Atakan Peker