Abstract: Methods, apparatuses and systems are described for utilizing the gravitational potential energy of a lifted weight to wash clothes. Systems may include a weight coupled with a cable such that the weight may be raised and lowered. Additionally, systems may include a rotation conversion system configured to convert the lowering of the weight into a rotational movement, and a torque transmission system configured to transmit the rotational movement from the rotation conversions system into a rotational movement of a washing drum. Moreover, methods for washing clothes may include capturing the kinetic energy of a weight being transformed from gravitational potential energy, converting the captured kinetic energy of the weight into a rotational movement of a crank shaft, and transmitting the rotational movement of the crank shaft into a rotational movement of a drive shaft coaxially supporting a washing drum.
Abstract: Gravity powered electrical energy generators, particularly for producing lighting is disclosed. The apparatus has a support frame (1, 30) in which a series of gears and a gear-driven generator (20) are mounted. The power to drive the most upstream gear (2) is provided by a weight suspended from a point to one side of the axis of rotation of gear (2). The drive gear of the furthest downstream gear has no teeth so that the final contact between the drive gear and the shaft of the generator (20) is frictional. The gear ratio of the final downstream gear is at least 25. When used for lighting, the apparatus may include one or more high brightness LEDs (40) mounted on the housing (30). By suitable choice of gear ratios, the device may produce thirty minutes of illumination while allowing a 10 kilogram weight to fall through a distance of 1.8 meters.
Abstract: An apparatus, system and methods that on the one hand, maximise work done by gravity, by allowing free fall of an object with a heavy mass to harness energy and output therefrom, and on the other, maximises efficiency by counterbalancing this heavy mass by another similar mass such that only the net difference of the said two masses needs to be worked upon by input power mechanisms in order to lift the fallen object back up to its original position, along the direction of gravity or otherwise, to repeat the cycle. A plurality of such units are employed in synchronised tandem to maintain a steady RPM of the gear/flywheel/shaft connecting a high output generator. Still further, auxiliary energy generation mechanisms to further augment efficiency of the system are disclosed.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to an approach for moving (e.g., lifting and lowering) objects (e.g., structures, cars, etc.) to generate and store energy to address energy shortage conditions. Specifically, the weight of an object is utilized to accumulate potential energy over a period of time through conversion of a source of energy (e.g. electricity) into potential energy when available power (i.e. supply) from the source of energy exceeds demand (e.g., an energy surplus condition is identified). This potential energy is then converted into another form of energy (e.g. electricity) over a period of time when excess power is needed (e.g., an energy shortage condition is identified).
November 9, 2011
May 9, 2013
International Business Machines Corporation
Peter J. Blatner, Douglas S. Brown, Phillip H. Chung, John F. Kelley
Abstract: A motion conversion device is provided with a chain mechanism (10), a steel ball holding tube (5) having a holding space (5a) capable of holding a plurality of steel balls (1) in a vertical row, a steel ball insertion and holding mechanism (6) provided on a lower end of the steel ball holding tube (5), a balancer mechanism (30) capable of raising the steel ball holding tube (5) using air pressure, and a device for controlling the supply of air pressure to the balancer mechanism (30) according to the movement of the chain mechanism (10). A plurality of baskets (15) is attached to the chain (13) of the chain mechanism (10) at fixed intervals, the baskets (15) being capable of receiving and holding steel balls (1) spilling out of the upper end of the steel ball holding tube (5).
Abstract: The present invention relates to a power-generating apparatus using gravity and magnetic force. Rotors are fixed at either side of a main shaft, and heavy weighted bodies are arranged at a plurality of levers which are deployed during a descending operation and folded up during an ascending operation performed in the course of rotation of the rotor, such that the weighted bodies are unbalanced in a horizontal direction. An arch-shaped magnetic levitation unit is arranged adjacent to and above the rotors. The heavy weighted body located at the position of mechanical energy is levitated by means of the magnetic force from the magnetic levitation unit at a starting point of the magnetic force, such that a wheel is brought into contact with and rolls on a rail of a magnetic support, and the heavy weighted body levitates in the air at the position of mechanical energy.
Abstract: A device for generating rotational movement which includes an output shaft supported for rotational movement and at least two one-way clutch mechanisms attached to the output shaft. An inflatable piston (“infton”) assembly is associated with each one-way clutch mechanism and includes a weighted member, an inflatable bladder associated with the weighted member, at least one inlet valve associated with an interior of the inflatable bladder, at least one outlet valve associated with the interior of the inflatable bladder, and a chain associated with the weighted member and extending over and drivingly engaging the respective one-way clutch mechanism. A source of filling fluid supplies each inlet valve. The filling fluid has a density less than that of a buoyancy fluid surrounding the infton assembly. A control system is configured to control the inlet and outlet valves to facilitate filling and discharging of the inflatable bladders.
Abstract: A gravity actuated torque generator for generating torque to run a generator by continually adding weights to the apparatus. The gravity actuated torque generator includes a support assembly, a drive assembly being supported by the support assembly, and a weight assembly being engagable to the drive assembly while moving downwardly due to gravitational forces for generating torque.
Abstract: The buoyancy-gravity engine according to the present invention comprises buoyancy gravity rollers (1) which is constructed with specific dimensions and shape so as to perform its function effectively; a buoyancy chamber; a float regulation machine; a gravity machine with at least one wheel (3); a De-Pressure transfer box (9A); an interlinked BG roller (1) transfer mechanism; and a liquid compensator. The BG Roller (1) travels up and down through the buoyancy column and the gravity machine. When the BG roller (1) moves down in the gravity machine at least one wheel (3) of the machine is rotated due to the eccentric weight of the roller (1) in one end of the wheel (3). The roller (1) then slips down from the fingers of the wheel and rolls down to the mouth of the DP transfer box (9A). The roller is then pushed into the buoyancy column, and due to the inherent law of buoyancy, the roller (1) automatically reaches the top of the buoyancy column and again falls into the fingers of the gravity machine.
Abstract: An electrical generator is driven by gravitational force provided by a plurality of pairs of water tanks. Each pair of water tanks is suspended by an elongated chain supported by a series of pulleys. The water tanks in each pair of water tanks move between an upper position and a lower position alternately by filling selected ones of the water tanks with water and draining from the other selected ones of the water tanks. The vertical movement of the water tanks alternately filled with water is translated by ratchet wheels and bevel gear wheels to rotate the electrical generator in the same direction for generating the electrical power.
Abstract: A closed loop apparatus for the input, storage, and output of mechanical energy having a closed loop with active and inactive segments, a rotatable power input shaft for shortening the active segment with the input of kinetic energy, a rotatable power output shaft for the output of rotational kinetic energy with the lengthening of the active segment; and having at least one additional rotatable shaft for separating the active segment form the inactive segment so that shortening of the inactive segment does not interfere with lengthening of the active segment enabling all of the stored potential energy to be output as rotational kinetic energy.
Abstract: A weight operated mechanical drive consists of a cylindrical weight that is suspended by a helically threaded drive screw which passes through and engages with complementary threads within a bore defined along a rotational axis thereof. The weight turns the drive screw as it falls due to the force of gravity. The weight is prevented from rotating about the axis of the screw while it is failing by a wheel which is attached thereto and which rolls against a retaining bar that runs alongside the weight along the weight's path of travel. The retaining bar is also used to wind the weight. To do so, the retaining bar is rotated around the rotational axis of the drive screw. This action forces the weight along a path defined by the helical threads of the drive screw. The retaining bar is formed as a helix around a column through which the weight drops.
Abstract: A shell having a closed upper end and an open lower end, and a weight in the form of a piston sealingly slidable in the shell. In one form partial vacuum is produced in the shell above the weight and atmospheric pressure consequently raises the weight. In another form, pressurized air lifts the weight, against the action of weight. The weight has driving connection with a load, such as a generator, and upon being permitted to drop, acting by its potential energy, drives the load. The partial vacuum is produced in one form, by heating and cooling units; and in another form, by natural heating and cooling. A plurality of power plants are utilized to drive a single load, so that one weight can be raised, and the power plant re-activated, while others continue to drive the load, thereby maintaining continuity of drive.
Abstract: A device for supporting a hanging plant and for slowly rotating it to expose different sides to sunlight. The device comprises a cord for attachment at one end to a hook or other fixed object and for attachment at the opposite end to the plant. The cord extends in length and winds in one direction in response to an increase in the weight of the plant by feeding of water and contracts and winds slowly in an opposite direction as the water evaporates from the plant.
Abstract: An improved power transfer device utilizes an input power source supplemented by an unbalanced weight assembly which increases the torque on an output shaft as a function of load associated with the device. The input shaft is provided with a drive gear in operable engagement with an internal toothed ring gear, and the ring gear is provided with a plurality of diametrically opposed, radial extensions to which weight support arms are pivotably attached. The remaining free ends of the weight support arms are attached to the outer extensions of a cruciform support and are further in parallel alignment with and fixedly secured to elongated weights, such securement being offset from a central portion of the weights. A difference in load between the input shaft and output shaft results in the ring gear shifting in an unbalanced manner relative to the output shaft so as to deliver an additional torque to the shaft through the shifting of the unbalanced weights.