Abstract: A self-extinguishing wick system may include a wax base having a base wick orifice; and a wick threaded through the base wick orifice and secured to prevent the wick from unintentionally sliding through the base wick orifice. The wick may be secured using a knot. Alternatively, the wick system may also include a first wax disc having a disc wick orifice, wherein the first wax disc is positioned adjacent to the bottom of the wax base, and the wick extends through both the wax base and the first wax disc; and a second wax disc positioned adjacent to the bottom of the first wax disc such that an end of the wick is sandwiched between the first wax disc and the second wax disc. The melting point of the wick system may be higher than that of the candle wax.
Abstract: The invention provides a system to generate alternate energy. More specifically, it provides for generation of electricity using the principle of buoyancy. The system consists of an outer container on which coils are configured and an internal container on which magnets are configured. The electricity is generated by the movement of magnets with respect to the coil. The movement of magnets is achieved by upward and downward motion of the internal container. The system encompassed by the present invention is cost effective and efficient since the installation cost, running cost and maintenance cost incurred therein is comparatively low. It does not require any fuel consumption for its working and is technically and scientifically very sound in its orientation.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to an approach for moving (e.g., lifting and lowering) objects (e.g., structures, cars, etc.) to generate and store energy to address energy shortage conditions. Specifically, the weight of an object is utilized to accumulate potential energy over a period of time through conversion of a source of energy (e.g. electricity) into potential energy when available power (i.e. supply) from the source of energy exceeds demand (e.g., an energy surplus condition is identified). This potential energy is then converted into another form of energy (e.g. electricity) over a period of time when excess power is needed (e.g., an energy shortage condition is identified).
November 9, 2011
May 9, 2013
International Business Machines Corporation
Peter J. Blatner, Douglas S. Brown, Phillip H. Chung, John F. Kelley
Abstract: A system for storing and retrieving energy may include a cable and a multi-segment weight connected to the cable. The multi-segment weight may include a chain of weight segments. The chain of weight segments may be flexible so as to permit each weight segment to rotate with respect to each of its neighboring weight segments.
Abstract: A motor mounted on a structural support with a pivot at its center line which comprises a cylindrical vessel for holding a fluid in a closed system and in which a buoyant cylinder containing a lighter fluid is allowed to free float so that a cable attached to either end of the buoyant cylinder may be used to transfer energy to a energy storage unit, a crank or a generator. Two moment arms having a weight attached at the exterior end and inside attachably connected to the surface of two drive pistons that operate in pressure tanks which force a compressed gas against the pistons through pre-sequenced automatic activated valves to extend or retract the moment arms at the end of a cycle. The motor then becomes top heavy and rotates 180 degrees by gravity and relocks in place to repeat the cycle.
Abstract: A set of Gravity Power Towers with built in intelligence and connected with each other with a transport guide ways or path ways for the mass to be transported on wheels, form the transport network for transporting people and cargo point to point, powered by gravity.
Abstract: An electrical generator is driven by gravitational force provided by a plurality of pairs of water tanks. Each pair of water tanks is suspended by an elongated chain supported by a series of pulleys. The water tanks in each pair of water tanks move between an upper position and a lower position alternately by filling selected ones of the water tanks with water and draining from the other selected ones of the water tanks. The vertical movement of the water tanks alternately filled with water is translated by ratchet wheels and bevel gear wheels to rotate the electrical generator in the same direction for generating the electrical power.
Abstract: A pumping unit system having vertical sampson post, a walking beam pivotally supported at the upper end of the sampson post and a horsehead affixed at a forward end thereof that supports a reciprocated sucker rod string, including a gear reducer mounted at selectable positions on the walking beam and having a horizontally extending drive shaft, a crank arm affixed to the drive shaft the spacing between a selectable length pitman rod having a first end secured to said crank arm and a second end having a pitman bearing that is selectably mountable to a plurality of pitman bearing locations and a prime mover connected to the gear reducer and wherein the characteristics of the pumping unit are determined by the selectable position of the gear reducer, the selectable length of the crank arm, the selectable length of the pitman rod, and the selectable pitman bearing location.
Abstract: A power amplification and transfer assembly and alternative multi-stage systems wherein power is transferred to the outer periphery of included flywheels via included drive frames and lever arms. One power transfer assembly comprises an elongated framework that rotationally supports a drive frame, a pair of flywheel frames and a spring biased, resilient, flexible lever arm assembly. The drive frame, flywheels and lever arm assemblies are mounted to independent axles. Couplers at the drive frame and lever arm assemblies are secured to the outer circumference of the flywheel(s). System input power is provided from a gas/diesel engine and chain/sprocket linkage or a powered hydraulic engine and pump that increase the rpm's to the power amplification assembly. Successive amplification stages are coupled together with powered or un-powered couplers (e.g. hydraulic pump/engine, wind turbine).
Abstract: A closed loop apparatus for the input, storage, and output of mechanical energy having a closed loop with active and inactive segments, a rotatable power input shaft for shortening the active segment with the input of kinetic energy, a rotatable power output shaft for the output of rotational kinetic energy with the lengthening of the active segment; and having at least one additional rotatable shaft for separating the active segment form the inactive segment so that shortening of the inactive segment does not interfere with lengthening of the active segment enabling all of the stored potential energy to be output as rotational kinetic energy.
Abstract: A walking beam pumping system is disclosed wherein the pumping system's prime mover is gravity. In one embodiment, the system comprises a walking beam pivotally coupled to a support structure at a pivot point substantially central along the length of the walking beam. A counterbalance weight is disposed along the length of the walking beam. A position device is provided for moving the counterbalance weight along at least a portion of the length of the walking beam. As the counterbalance weight moves along the length of the walking beam, the beam's center of gravity is modulated. By modulating the position of the counterbalance weight in an appropriate manner, the walking beam is caused to pivot back and forth with respect to the support structure. A pumping assembly, for example a sucker rod string, is attached to one end of the walking beam, such that as the walking beam pivots back and forth, the pumping system is actuated to pump fluid out of, for example, an oil well bore.
Abstract: The inventive button pushing mechanism allows pneumatic force to be translated actuate a button on a cellular telephone that is being tested by an automatic testing machine. The mechanism includes an actuating shaft that transmits pneumatic force to a spur gear which rotationally translates the force to actuate the button. The spur gear is also connected to a weighted counter balance shaft which opposes movement of the actuating shaft, such that when the pneumatic force is turned off, the counter balance shaft retracts the mechanism back to an initial state. The uses of gravity provides a constant and known force to oppose the pneumatic force.
Abstract: A drum for rolling up and unrolling protective covers has a driven pendulum within for applying a rotary moment to cause the drum to roll. The pendulum is powered in one rotary direction or the other by an electrical motor according to a signal from outside the drum, and battery packs are enclosed with the drive elements to provide a power source. A sealed drum is provided to float in swimming pools. In another embodiment, a common electric drill is used for the drive mechanism.
Abstract: A self-powered drum for rolling up and unrolling protective covers has a driven pendulum within for applying a rotary moment to cause the drum to roll. The pendulum is powered in one rotary direction or the other by an electrical motor according to a signal from outside the drum, and battery packs are enclosed with the drive elements to provide a power source. A sealed drum is provided to float in swimming pools.
Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided for amplifying, torque and transmitting power using a novel wedge hinge assembly. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, four wedge hinge assemblies cooperating with a specially configured crankshaft and a pair of circular plates, enable the transmission of energy primarily based upon naturally occurring gravitational forces. Each wedge hinge assembly consists of an arm having a weight at its remote end, and is adapted to be pivotally attached at its other end to the crankshaft. In addition, operating as a fulcrum, this weight arm is also pivotally attached to its corresponding wedge hinge, disposed between the two opposite ends of the arm.
Abstract: A vehicle acceleration apparatus (10) for accelerating a vehicle (36) having a preselected mass to a preselected velocity. The apparatus (10) comprises a support structure, including a sheave (14) rotatably mounted on a frame (16), which supports a mass member or weight (12) having a preselected mass, such that the weight (12) is positioned for reciprocal vertical movement. More specifically, the weight (12) is supported such that it can be selectively allowed to fall in response to gravity and selectively returned to a pre-fall position. The apparatus (10) further comprises elements for connecting the weight (12) to the vehicle (36) to be accelerated such that the downward acceleration of the weight (12) as it falls causes selected acceleration of the vehicle (36). In operation, the relative mass of the vehicle (36) and weight (12) is selected such that the vehicle will be accelerated by the downward acceleration of the weight (12) to have a preselected velocity at a preselected location.
Abstract: A control rod drive uses gravitational forces to insert one or more control rods upwardly into a reactor core from beneath the reactor core under emergency conditions. The preferred control rod drive includes a vertically movable weight and a mechanism operatively associating the weight with the control rod so that downward movement of the weight is translated into upward movement of the control rod. The preferred control rod drive further includes an electric motor for driving the control rods under normal conditions, an electrically actuated clutch which automatically disengages the motor during a power failure and a decelerator for bringing the control rod to a controlled stop when it is inserted under emergency conditions into a reactor core.
August 24, 1983
Date of Patent:
May 6, 1986
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
Abstract: The impact force successively produced by a plurality of steel balls falling plumb down is utilized to rotate a shaft. The steel balls are allowed to circulate through a circuit which is in the form of an obtuse-angle triangle with one of the three sides erected vertically. When the steel ball falls plumb down through the vertical passage, it strikes against the head of a rod and pushes down the rod, the lower half of which is formed into a rack meshing with a pinion.
Abstract: The present invention entails a weight driven rotary power generating apparatus that is designed to efficiently provide energy that can be harnessed and effectively utilized. Forming the weight driven rotary power generating apparatus of the present invention is a heavy flywheel rotatively mounted within a frame structure and including a plurality of radially extending and circumferentially spaced projectors or drive panels that extends from the flywheel. Peripherally disposed about said flywheel is a closed, off-axis weight track that includes a plurality of weights movable therein. Because of the off-axis orientation with respect to the flywheel, the track is oriented such that as the weights fall due to gravity through a falling run of said track, they engage said projectors projecting from said flywheel and act to drive said flywheel.
Abstract: A stepping device supported on two legs capable of walking or stepping up and down steps. The device has a pair of legs rotatably mounted to and suspended vertically from spaced points on a link. A pendulum is rotatably mounted to the link and suspended vertically from a central axis on the link between the leg mounting points. Means is provided for swinging the pendulum from the vertical thereby increasing the lever arm from the center of gravity of the pendulum to the mounting point of the leg closest to the pendulum. As the pendulum approaches the horizontal, the moment about the mounting point in a direction opposite the direction of pendulum movement exceeds the counter moment about the mounting point. This causes the link to lift the trailing leg up and over the leading leg, thereby maintaining the balance of the device on the supporting leg and causing a stepping movement.
Abstract: An arrangement of constructual elements used for the conversion of fluctuating natural energy and generation of constant rotary speed of a power-producing machine or motor, electric or otherwise, by way of free-falling masses in the place of commonly used regulators or governors. With this arrangement, the invention realizes a transmission for which, in contrast to known transmissions, the output speed is constant regardless of the input speed so long as the input torque is equal to or greater than the output torque.