Cap (or Closure) Patents (Class 202/190)
  • Patent number: 9895627
    Abstract: A distribution chamber disclosed discharges a fraction which have been fractionally distilled in embodiments of the disclosed technology. The distribution chamber is removably connected to a distillation head such that between each fraction, the distribution head can be switched with another. Each such distribution head has a vertically extending drain and/or discharge port, or plurality thereof, to distribute a discharged fraction into a single flask, such port being at an acute angle to an intake port. In this manner, the discharge/drain port(s) can be vertically oriented and at a bottom side of the distribution chamber when the intake port is connected to the distillation head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Inventor: Elliot Kremerman
  • Publication number: 20150129411
    Abstract: In some embodiments, a distillation device having a first portion including a ringed area for resting on a boiling vessel is provided. A second portion is coupled to the first portion and a rest, coupled to the second portion and configured to receive a condensation surface above the second portion is provided. The second portion is configured to combine with a condensing surface to provide a condensation region the condensation region is configured to be in fluid communication with the boiling vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Glenn E. MEDER
  • Patent number: 8834683
    Abstract: Heat exchanger steam condenser water distillation is described. In one aspect, a water distillation condenser has a heated air conduit in air flow communication with a heat exchanger. A cold raw water compartment is disposed above the heated air conduit and at least a bottom surface of the cold raw water compartment disposed at an angle. A heated raw water channel is defined between the heated air conduit and the raw water compartment. A floor of the heated raw water channel is defined by a top of the heated air conduit. A distilled water trough is disposed below a lower extent of the cold raw water compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: King Saud University
    Inventors: Mazen A. Ba-abbad, Hany A. Al-Ansary, Essam A. Al-Ammar
  • Patent number: 8623179
    Abstract: A seawater desalinization device includes a container portion, a guiding pipe, a plug, a heat conduction cover, a switch, and a connecting pipe. The container portion defines a receiving chamber, a slot, and a through hole communicating with the receiving chamber. The guiding pipe is fixed on the container portion to communicating with the slot. The plug is detachably inserted into the guiding pipe. The heat conduction cover covers on the container portion and sealing the receiving chamber and the slot. The switch is assembled in the container portion to control open or close the through hole upon a seawater level in the container portion. The connecting pipe is inserted into the through hole and a seawater source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Zheng Shi, Jiang-Feng Liu
  • Patent number: 8623181
    Abstract: A seawater desalinization device includes a container portion and a heat conduction cover covering on the container portion. The container portion defines a receiving chamber and a slot. The receiving chamber is configured for receiving seawater, and the slot is defined around the receiving chamber for receiving fresh water evaporated from the seawater. The heat conduction cover defines a plurality of guiding slots facing the container portion for guiding the fresh water drop into the slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Zheng Shi, Jiang-Feng Liu
  • Patent number: 8623180
    Abstract: A seawater desalinization system includes a container portion, a heat conduction cover, and a heating device. The container portion defines a receiving chamber and a slot. The heat conduction cover covers on the container portion and seals the receiving chamber and the slot. The container portion is heated by the heating device. The heating device can absorb solar energy to heat the seawater under the dark condition. Therefore, the seawater desalinization system can heat the seawater to obtain fresh water continually.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Zheng Shi, Jiang-Feng Liu
  • Patent number: 7252743
    Abstract: An low concentration dope is fed through a nozzle into a concentrating apparatus, and flash evaporation of the low concentration dope is performed at an end of the nozzle. The low concentration dope is concentrated thereby to an concentrating dope which is contained and heated in the concentrating apparatus. Thus part of solvents of the low concentration dope and the concentrating dope is evaporated to a solvent gas. The solvent gas is cooled and condensed in a condensing section of the concentrating apparatus, and thereafter drawn through a first exit from the concentrating apparatus. The concentrating dope is concentrated to a high concentration dope, which is drawn through a second exit from the concentrating apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiro Katai, Tadahiro Tsujimoto, Misao Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6428656
    Abstract: A water-cooled distilling apparatus for purifying or distilling raw water. The apparatus includes a boiler, cooling tray assembly, and collection vessel. In use, raw water is initially poured into the boiler which has a self-regulating screen in it. As the water beings to boil, the screen rises to float above the raw water. The height of the screen above the water automatically adjusts proportionately to the rate of boil to proportionately expose more or less surface area of the screen. A water film forms on the exposed surface area of the screen and clean steam rises therefrom into the cooling tray assembly where it is deflected into a condensing area on each level of the assembly. In each condensing area, heat is transferred from the steam into coolant water in a reservoir, causing the coolant water to evaporate from the reservoir and the steam to condense on the bottom of the surface of the reservoir. Distillate formed by the condensing steam is then collected and transferred to a collection vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: PSI-ETS, a North Dakota Partnership
    Inventors: Joel J. Bleth, Edward T. Strickland, Doug Walter
  • Publication number: 20020000365
    Abstract: A water distiller includes a shell, a container, a heater, a thermal conductive plate, a thermostat, a cover, a condenser coil, and a fan. The shell provides a compartment for receiving the container, the heater, the thermal conductive plate, and the thermostat. The container includes a bottom wall with an inclined surface to which the heater is connected. A higher end of the inclined surface is connected to the thermal conductive plate and the thermostat. The thermostat is mounted in a room provided between the shell and the container, and a first spring is provided to bias the thermostat to be in an intimate contact with cylindrical side wall of the container. A cap is mounted outside the room and a push button is mounted in the cap with an end exposed outside the cap for manual operation. A second spring is mounted in the cap for biasing the push button to a position for the manual operation. The cover mounted on top of the shell provides a compartment for receiving the condenser coil and the fan.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 1999
    Publication date: January 3, 2002
    Inventor: MR LONG-MING WANG
  • Patent number: 6280577
    Abstract: A liquid distiller. The distiller includes a main body having a main housing inside which water is heated to generate steam. The steam is passed through a condenser. A fan is positioned inside the distiller to supply cool air to the condenser. A water output is defined in the main body. Air inlets are defined in a outer periphery of the main housing. An upper lid is mounted on top of the main body and includes an air outlet in an upper side thereof so as to guide air which has passed around the condenser to dissipate out of the main body. An air guide is securely mounted between the upper lid and the main body. The air guides includes a disc with a central opening, an upper tubular member projecting upwardly from an upper side of the disc and having a first through hole communicating with the central opening of the disc, and a lower tubular member projecting downwardly from an underside of the disc and having a second through hole communicating with the central opening of the disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Inventor: Long-Ming Wang
  • Patent number: 5951825
    Abstract: A portable distiller convertible between an operating mode and a storage mode which permits easy transport includes a boiler vessel, a condenser, and a collection container. The condenser is mounted on a two-way lid which engages the top of the boiler in an operating mode to support the condenser over the boiler. The lid is insulated to prevent the transfer of heat from the boiler to the condenser. The lid is reversible to allow the condenser to be inserted into the boiler vessel for storage. The container may also be stored in the boiler, and preferably receives the condenser for storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Inventor: Glenn E. Land
  • Patent number: 5670025
    Abstract: A coke oven door for placement against a door jamb of a coke oven comprises a segmented door body and plurality of toggle mechanisms coupled to the door at the juncture of each segment. The toggle mechanisms include inner and outer toggle links pivotally connected by an intermediate pivot shaft and the links are pivotable between an extended length and a shortened length. Inner ends of the toggle mechanism are coupled to the segmented door body and outer ends of the toggle mechanisms are coupled to a flexible latch tension bar. The latch tension bar engages latch hooks connected to the door jamb and vertical movement of a latch actuator rod coupled to the intermediate pivot shaft moves the toggle mechanisms to an extended position to flex the latch tension bars and force the door body against the door jamb to seal the coke oven.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Saturn Machine & Welding Co., Inc.
    Inventor: William Baird
  • Patent number: 5496447
    Abstract: A distilling apparatus for distillation of water, including a condensing chamber divided into an upper holding space for receiving water from a water source and a lower holding chamber for condensing steam into water, a heating chamber controlled to heat water from the upper holding space into steam and having a steam outlet connected to the lower holding space for guiding steam into the lower holding space for condensing, a hot water chamber, which receives condensed water from the lower holding space of the condensing chamber, and a cold water chamber, which receives distilled water from the hot water chamber and cools it down by an electronic cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Inventor: Chin-Tu Wang
  • Patent number: 5468351
    Abstract: An apparatus for recovering fresh water or for concentrating a liquid has a structure formed of a roof member 10 having a gradient and a base member 14 provided with a liquid reservoir member 18. A cellulose-based film 20 has one surface saponified 2 to 50 .mu.m deep and the other surface is attached to the inner surface of the roof member. A liquid recovery member 16 is provided in the roof member or the base member, the liquid recovery member being for recovering water which is condensed on the saponified surface of the cellulose-based film and that flows downward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Corporation, Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc., Nihon Polytech Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshizumi Hirota, Hitoshi Kobayashi, Yasunobu Nakagoshi, Yukio Amino
  • Patent number: 5348622
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to an improved solar water purification system and process wherein the evaporating, condensing and distillate collecting chambers are located underground to assist in the evaporation and condensation process. The system includes three computer controlled preheaters which are constantly monitored to determine the temperature of the load therein. The cycling and recycling of the load relative to the load tank and the three preheaters is controlled by the computer for optimum system efficiency. One of the three preheaters is located underground, while a second preheater is located externally as a solar preheater and the third preheater is an outside gas, oil or waste heat fired preheater. In addition to producing pure water through the evaporation process, there is disclosed a system and process whereby various contaminants may be captured for further processing, storage and exploitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Inventors: David Deutsch, Thomas C. Flores
  • Patent number: 5314587
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed wherein a standpipe mounted in an accumulator outside the operating zone of a distillation column is used in conjunction with a liquid level controller to measure condensate collected in the accumulator and to change the amount of energy provided to the distillation column in response to changes in the level of condensate collected in the accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 5286350
    Abstract: A water distiller includes a raw water chamber for storing raw water, a main vaporization tank coupled with the raw water chamber for vaporizing raw water, a condensation device coupled with the main vaporization tank for condensing steam from the main vaporization tank, and a distilled water chamber communicated with the condensing conduit unit for accepting and storing distilled water. An auxiliary vaporization tank is communicated with the main vaporization tank and is mounted on the top end portion of the main vaporization tank. Each of the main and auxiliary vaporization tanks has a generally conical top wall which has a lower end portion that is provided with an annular water collecting groove formed in the inner surface thereof. Each of the water collecting grooves has a bottom wall which has a discharge opening formed therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Inventor: Shan-Meng Huang
  • Patent number: 5217580
    Abstract: A water distiller includes a base having a front portion for supporting a container and having a housing extended upward from the rear portion, a vessel disposed in the housing for containing water, a heater disposed below the vessel for heating the water contained in the vessel into steam, and an arm extended forward from the housing. A radiator is disposed in the arm for cooling the steam flowing into the arm, and the condensed water is collected in the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Inventor: Ching-Dien Chen
  • Patent number: 5205909
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed wherein a standpipe mounted in an accumulator outside the operating zone of a distillation column is used in conjunction with a liquid level controller to measure condensate collected in the accumulator and to change the amount of energy provided to the distillation column in response to changes in the level of condensate collected in the accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1993
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 5181991
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to an improved solar water purification apparatus. More specifically, it relates to a solar water purification apparatus that includes a first and second preheater, an evaporation load tank, condenser, and pure distillate collecting tank. The condensing surface is a domed upper structure which includes a corrugated inner surface to increase the condensing surface. The outersurface of the domed upper structure is likewise corrugated and completely enclosed by a first preheater chamber the permit efficient cooling of the domed upper structure and encourage rapid condensation, thus transferring heat from the interior corrugations to the exterior corrugations of the first preheater chamber, further adding to the overall thermal efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1993
    Inventor: David Deutsch
  • Patent number: 4826575
    Abstract: A laboratory apparatus for continuously producing high purity distilled water includes a distillation flask, a carboy and condenser unit. A double walled microwave oven with a spacing between the walls, large enough to accommodate piping and valving means for controlling the flow of water to the distillation flask. The microwave oven supplies the heat to the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1989
    Inventor: Narbik A. Karamian
  • Patent number: 4756802
    Abstract: A distillation device for distilling liquids, using concentrated solar energy to evaporate the undistilled liquid. A lens focuses solar rays into a concentrated area on the outer surface of an opaque heat target, the inner surface of which is in contact with the undistilled liquid in a container. The heat target evaporates the liquid, and the steam is condensed within a dome over the container, the dome having a plurality of cooling fins. The dome is cooled by compressed air, which circulates through an air conduit which spirals around the dome from top to bottom. The distilled liquid is conducted through a pipeline through the undistilled liquid in the container, and then out of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1988
    Inventor: David S. Finney
  • Patent number: 4589955
    Abstract: A fluid recovery system for removing water and solid contaminants from a fluid such a lubricant oil, coolant, and lubricating oils and the like for manufacturing operations is disclosed. A cylindrical vacuum vessel is provided with a centrally disposed cylindrical heating unit and a heat exchanger coil surrounding the heating unit, within the confines of the vacuum vessel. A water condensation trapping cover seal arrangement is provided for the top of the vessel. A cylindrical filter is disposed in surrounding relationship to the heating unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1986
    Assignee: RPR Filtration Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: August R. Nukala, Arthur Perez, Timothy L. Brumfield
  • Patent number: 4342623
    Abstract: A portable water distiller having an insulated container for raw water and a removable cover for the container with a low pressure seal which engages the container wall. A condenser coil is provided in the cover along with a motor-driven fan, and inlet and outlet ports are provided about the periphery of the cover to allow cooling air to be drawn into the cover over the condenser coils and motor. An inlet tube connected to the condenser coil receives steam from the container generated by a heater connected to the container bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1982
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert H. Loeffler
  • Patent number: 4339307
    Abstract: The apparatus includes a housing enclosing a boiler in the lower portion and a water-filled condenser in the upper portion with an insulated partition between them. The entry of boiler feed water is controlled by a float valve in the boiler, and steam from the boiler is conveyed through the partition and thus through a condenser coil substantially immersed in the water in the condenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1982
    Inventor: John C. Ellis, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4269663
    Abstract: The portable water distiller is constructed to distill water placed within a housing and to dispense it directly into a separate storage vessel or to a distilled water space in the housing. In the latter case, the distillers are provided with a flexible impermeable partition which may be in the form of a bag and which divides the interior of the housing into a raw water space and a distilled water space. A boiler is disposed within the raw water space in order to vaporize the water and a compact radiator and fan assembly is mounted on top of the housing in order to condense the vapor into distilled water for delivery to the distilled water space within the housing. A heater-thermostat shut-off means is also provided for turning off the heater when the supply of water is too low.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1977
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1981
    Inventor: Richard McFee
  • Patent number: 4232598
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved process for the separation and isolation of coffee aroma constituents from roasted coffee, combining the aroma constituents with an edible substance and subsequently incorporating the aromatized substance in a food product.The process involves improving the condensation of vapors generated from the distillation of coffee oil by condensing the distilled aroma constituents onto a sleeve cooled by and snugly surrounding a container filled with coolant. The sleeve is removed and the aroma constituents condensed thereon are then preferably combined with an edible substance by manipulating the condensed constituents quickly and efficiently thus minimizing aroma loss and degradation caused by undesirable prolonged contact with air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1980
    Assignee: General Foods Limited
    Inventors: Gerald S. Hurlow, Jean R. Blain, Michael Coombes, Jean-Claude Richard, Patrick W. Hitchinson
  • Patent number: 4187150
    Abstract: A distilled water apparatus which comprises in nested vapor-sealed arrangement, a bottom raw water tank, a storage tank and a cooling and condensing tank. The storage tank has an outer annular storage compartment surrounding a vertical vapor passage and can be equipped with a basket for holding coffee or the like so that the device acts as a self-contained distilled water coffee maker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1980
    Inventor: Jay Rich
  • Patent number: 4089750
    Abstract: A water distiller arrangement which provides for an efficient distillation process wherein the inlet water supply is controlled as a function of the temperature of the output of the distiller, and inlet water is preheated in an interior chamber surrounded by a passageway through which the water vapor passes after leaving the boiling chamber and while it condenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1978
    Inventors: Fred C. Kirschman, Wallace B. Bolte
  • Patent number: 4052267
    Abstract: The portable water distiller is constructed to distill water placed within a housing and to dispense it directly into a separate storage vessel or to a distilled water space in the housing. In the latter case, the distillers are provided with a flexible impermeable partition which may be in the form of a bag and which divides the interior of the housing into a raw water space and a distilled water space. A boiler is disposed within the raw water space in order to vaporize the water and a compact radiator and fan assembly is mounted on top of the housing in order to condense the vapor into distilled water for delivery to the distilled water space within the housing. A heater-thermostat shut-off means is also provided for turning off the heater when the supply of water is too low.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1977
    Inventor: Richard McFee
  • Patent number: 3957589
    Abstract: A water purifying apparatus having an inner chamber to be filled with contaminated water which is heated by a heating unit to a point where water vapor or steam is created. The steam is evacuated from the chamber at its upper portion and passes downwardly in contact with a condensing wall having cooling vanes disposed on the exterior thereof into a trough provided near the base of the apparatus from whence it is drained off into a container located below the chamber. A cover surrounds the cooling vanes forming an annular air passage and is so constructed that open areas exist near the base of the cover. The cover has an aperture on the top and a fan is disposed below this aperture. Thus cooling air is carried from the open areas near the base of the apparatus upwardly over the vanes and to the aperture at the top where it is continuously evacuated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1976
    Inventor: Frederick G. Mayer