Hydrocarbon Patents (Class 203/68)
  • Patent number: 9884805
    Abstract: A process for preparing N-ethyldiisopropylamine by reacting acetaldehyde with diisopropylamine and hydrogen at elevated temperature and under pressure in the presence of a heterogeneous hydrogenation catalyst, the catalyst being a supported transition metal catalyst comprising Pd and/or Pt as catalytically active metal, wherein the diisopropylamine used has a purity of 58% to 94% by weight and impurities as follows: 3% to 20% by weight of water, 3% to 20% by weight of isopropanol, 0% to 2% by weight of others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: BASF Antwerpen NV
    Inventor: Hendrik De Winne
  • Patent number: 9845240
    Abstract: A system and method for processing unconditioned syngas first removes solids and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), then removes volatile organic compounds (VOC), and then removes at least one sulfur containing compound from the syngas. Additional processing may be performed depending on such factors as the source of syngas being processed, the products, byproducts and intermediate products desired to be formed, captured or recycled and environmental considerations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: ThermoChem Recovery International, Inc.
    Inventors: Ravi Chandran, Daniel Michael Leo, Shawn Robert Freitas, Dave G. Newport, Hamilton Sean Michael Whitney, Daniel A. Burciaga
  • Patent number: 9368848
    Abstract: An aluminum-halogen fuel cell has a positive electrode (2), a negative electrode (3), and an electrolyte (4) containing an ionic liquid represented by formula (1) or the like. In formula (1), R1 represents an unsubstituted or substituent-containing C1 to C20 alkyl group, R2 represents a C1 to C4 alkyl group or the like, each of R3 and R4 independently represents a hydrogen atom or the like, X represents AlCl4 or the like, and Y represents Al2Cl7 or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Ltd., Co.
    Inventor: Mikito Ueda
  • Patent number: 9192877
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process and an apparatus for concentrating an organic acid by using a nitroalkane as an entrainer for the azeotropic removal of water from an aqueous organic acid solution. The nitroalkane may be the same as a nitroalkane that is the product of a high pressure nitration process that produces nitroalkanes and aqueous organic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: ANGUS CHEMICAL COMPANY
    Inventors: Mahesh Ratnakar Sawant, Daniel M. Trauth, John G. Pendergast
  • Patent number: 8981133
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a process for separating propylene oxide for a crude propylene oxide stream, for example an intermediate stream from a PO/TBA process. The crude propylene oxide stream can be passed through an extractive distillation column. The distillation column is operated at a pressure in a range of greater than 25 up to 50 psig, and/or at a temperature in a range of from 70 to 150 degrees Celsius using C8-C20 paraffin as extractive solvent with an overhead distillate water wash drum. The crude propylene oxide stream include from 0.001 to 0.1 wt % methanol, based on the total composition of the crude propylene oxide stream. The systems, methods, and apparatuses can produce a propylene oxide stream having less formaldehyde and acetaldehyde than the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignees: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P., Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Xiangmin Li, David W. Leyshon, Te Chang
  • Patent number: 8906205
    Abstract: A process for separating ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol. A material flow containing ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol gets into the lower-middle part of the azeotropic rectification column C3 after the light components are removed by the separating columns C1 and C2, wherein the ethylene glycol and the azeotropic agent added from the top of the column form azeotrope which is distilled out from the top of the column and gets into the phase separator D1 after being condensed, the upper phase enriched with azeotropic agent after the phase was separated returns to the top of the column to continue to participate in azeotropy, and the lower phase enriched with ethylene glycol gets into the fourth separating column C4 to be refined to obtain the ethylene glycol product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology SINOPEC
    Inventors: Jian Xiao, Yanzi Guo
  • Patent number: 8864951
    Abstract: Systems and processes for improving quality and yield of one or more distillate products generated in a distillation column are disclosed. The system comprises a feed inlet distributor that reduces the amount of liquid entrained in vapor rising from the feed zone of the distillation column, a wash zone collection apparatus having an improved design for collecting slop wax falling from a liquid/vapor contacting structure provided in the wash zone, a recirculation subsystem for recirculating at least a portion of the collected slop wax to the top of the wash zone for distribution as wash oil, and a control subsystem. The feed inlet distributor ensures a horizontal fluid flow path free of transverse surfaces thereby minimizing atomization of liquid droplets entrained in vapor in the feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: ThioSolv, LLC
    Inventors: Mark C. Anderson, George R. Winter
  • Patent number: 8771476
    Abstract: High temperatures and oxygen exposure during extractive distillation can result in polymerization of vinyl aromatic compounds. In various embodiments, the present disclosure relates to methods for inhibiting polymerization of vinyl aromatic compounds during extractive distillation. In various embodiments, the methods include a) providing a mixture containing at least one vinyl aromatic compound, b) adding at least one dinitrophenol inhibitor to the mixture, and c) after step b), performing an extractive distillation on the mixture to isolate the at least one vinyl aromatic compound. Purified styrene can be isolated by the methods described herein. In some embodiments, the dinitrophenol inhibitor is 2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (DNBP).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: GTC Technology LP
    Inventors: Amy Sealey, George A. Ball, B. Bryant Slimp, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8658846
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for separation of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and hydrogen fluoride using azeotropic distillation. Additionally, disclosed are processes for separating mixtures of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, hydrogen fluoride and 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245eb) and/or 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245cb) by azeotropic distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Knapp
  • Publication number: 20130284584
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for separating ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol. A material flow containing ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol gets into the lower-middle part of the azeotropic rectification column C3 after the light components are removed by the separating columns C1 and C2, wherein the ethylene glycol and the azeotropic agent added from the top of the column form azeotrope which is distilled out from the top of the column and gets into the phase separator D1 after being condensed, the upper phase enriched with azeotropic agent after the phase was separated returns to the top of the column to continue to participate in azeotropy, and the lower phase enriched with ethylene glycol gets into the fourth separating column C4 to be refined to obtain the ethylene glycol product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Jian XIAO, Yanzi GUO
  • Patent number: 8568584
    Abstract: A method is described for controlling instability of operation in a de-ethanizer tower (13) in the gas recovery unit in fluid catalytic cracking units and delayed coking units. The method comprises the step of intervening in the de-ethanizer tower (13) when instability occurs in it, and adjusting the material balance of water in such a way that the excess of water in the feed load stream (9) is removed only as an azeotrope. The intervention is performed by introducing into the feed load stream (9) of the de-ethanizer tower (13) a volume fraction (18) of a flow of hydrocarbon, which may be either dry hydrocarbons or hydrocarbons with a low level of water content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.-Petrobras
    Inventors: Mario de Sousa Almeida, Neyde Alexandra Fraga Marques, Francisco Carlos da Costa Barros, Claudine Toledo Alvares da Silva Costa
  • Publication number: 20130245340
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process and an apparatus for concentrating an organic acid by using a nitroalkane as an entrainer for the azeotropic removal of water from an aqueous organic acid solution. The nitroalkane may be the same as a nitroalkane that is the product of a high pressure nitration process that produces nitroalkanes and aqueous organic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicants: ANGUS CHEMICAL COMPANY, DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Mahesh Ratnakar Sawant, Daniel M. Trauth, John G. Pendergast
  • Publication number: 20130213794
    Abstract: A process for recovering ethylene is disclosed, the process including: recovering a ethylene-containing stream comprising methane, ethylene, and nitrogen oxides from at least one of an ethylene production process and an ethylene recovery process; separating the ethylene-containing stream via extractive distillation using at least one C2+ hydrocarbon absorbent to produce an overheads fraction comprising methane and nitrogen oxides and a bottoms fraction comprising the at least one C2+ hydrocarbon absorbent and ethylene; wherein the separating comprises operating the extractive distillation at temperatures and pressures sufficient to prevent any substantial conversion of nitrogen oxides to N2O3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: LUMMUS TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventor: Lummus Technology Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130168226
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device with the aid of which hydrogen halide and water are removed from biomass hydrolyzates containing halogen acid. The core of the invention is an evacuated container (B1), which is continuously supplied with a heat-transfer medium and which is completely filled with the heat-transfer medium in a part. In said evaporation chamber, the biomass hydrolyzate is likewise continuously introduced. In the container (B1), heat is transferred from the heat-transfer medium to the hydrolyzate, wherein hydrogen halide and water are continuously evaporated. The remaining hydrolyzate particles are continuously discharged with the cooled heat-transfer medium and continuously removed by means of the heat-transfer medium and continuously separated from said heat-transfer medium. The invention described can also be used to treat other mixtures or solutions for the purpose of evaporation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Frank Kose, Matthias Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8475567
    Abstract: Process for separating propane and propylene using a distillation column and at least one membrane separation unit constituted by one or more modules operating in series, said membrane separation unit being placed either upstream, or downstream, or upstream and downstream of the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Nathalie Cougard, Arnaud Baudot, Vincent Coupard
  • Publication number: 20120305382
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for separating a fluoroolefin from a mixture comprising hydrogen fluoride and fluoroolefin, comprising azeotropic distillation both with and without an entrainer. In particular are disclosed processes for separating any of HFC-1225ye, HFC-1234ze, HFC-1234yf or HFC-1243zf from HF.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Jeffrey P. KNAPP, Barry Asher MAHLER, Donald J. TOTON
  • Patent number: 8323456
    Abstract: A process and system for removing bound water from bio-oil by azeotropic distillation. The process includes combining a bound-water-containing bio-oil with an azeotrope agent and subjecting the resulting treated bio-oil to azeotropic distillation under reduced pressure. The azeotropic distillation removes a substantial portion of the bound water from the bio-oil, thus producing a water-depleted bio-oil that is less corrosive, more stable, and more readily miscible with hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronny W. Lin, Robert Bartek
  • Publication number: 20120261252
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for separation of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and hydrogen fluoride using azeotropic distillation. Additionally, disclosed are processes for separating mixtures of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, hydrogen fluoride and 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245eb) and/or 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245cb) by azeotropic distillation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Knapp
  • Patent number: 7935229
    Abstract: A process for extractively removing homogeneously dissolved catalysts from a reaction effluent of a hydrocyanation of unsaturated mononitriles to dinitriles with a hydrocarbon H, including performing the steps of a) concentrating the reaction effluent before step b) by distillation at pressures of from 0.1 to 5000 mbar and temperatures of from 10 to 150° C., b) adding a hydrocarbon H to the concentrated reaction effluent to obtain a stream I, and c) feeding stream I, without prior separation of the liquid phases, into an extraction apparatus and extracting it at a temperature T with the hydrocarbon H to obtain a stream II comprising the hydrocarbon H enriched with the catalyst and a stream III having a low catalyst content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Petra Deckert, Peter Bassler, Michael Bartsch, Gerd Haderlein, Hermann Luyken, Jens Scheidel, Peter Pfab, Tobias Aechtner, Wolfgang Siegel
  • Patent number: 7699962
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods for separating mixture components such as reactor effluent components. In particular, the invention relates to the use of an extractive agent such as a hydrocarbon in an extractive distillation process to separate monomers such as a C4-C7 isoolefins such as isobutylene from mixtures such as reactor effluents including one or more hydrofluorocarbon(s) (HFC).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Francis McDonald, Ralph Howard Schatz, Claude André Gautier, Richard Dwight Hembree
  • Patent number: 7402720
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for removing methyl acetylene and/or propadiene from a propylene stream and/or a butylene stream by two step fractionation. Methyl acetylene and/or propadiene avoids the use of a hydrogenation reactor and makes the methyl acetylene and/or propadiene recoverable from the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2008
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Cor F. Van Egmond
  • Patent number: 7371309
    Abstract: The present invention provides extractive distillation processes for removing difluoromethane (HFC-32) from a mixture comprising HFC-32 and at least one of chlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115), and pentafluoroethane (HFC-125) using hydrocarbon, chlorocarbon, and oxygen-containing extractive agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Sara W. Boehmer, Barry Asher Mahler, Ralph Newton Miller
  • Patent number: 7285187
    Abstract: A process for purifying propylene oxide characterized by subjecting a liquid reaction mixture containing propylene oxide, and water, hydrocarbons and oxygen-containing organic compounds as impurities obtained by reacting cumene hydroperoxide with propylene to extractive distillation using an extractant of a hydrocarbon having 7 to 20 carbon atoms with an extractive distillation column, and controlling a concentration of propylene glycol in the extractant supplied to the extractive distillation column to 20% by weight or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Noriaki Oku, Toshio Nakayama, Koji Shinohara
  • Patent number: 7070694
    Abstract: Apparatus and processes are disclosed for economical separation of fluid mixtures. Broadly, apparatus of the invention is an integrated fractional distillation and perm-selective membrane separation apparatus. More particularly, the integrated apparatus comprises a fractional distillation column and one or more membrane device utilizing solid perm-selective membranes. Processes of the invention are particularly useful for simultaneous recovery of a very pure permeate product, a desired non-permeate stream, and one or more distillate products from a fluid mixture containing at least two compounds of different boiling point temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2006
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Craig W. Colling, George A. Huff, Jr., Stephen J. Pietsch
  • Patent number: 7037412
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for producing purified N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone free of odorous components. The method is composed of distilling with a distillation column a liquid, which is formed by adding to an odorous components-containing liquid having a N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone purity of not lower than 90 wt %, a compound having boiling point lower than that of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone, and whereby removing the odorous components together with said low-temperature boiling compound as the distillate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuaki Abe, Takashi Yodoshi, Hitoshi Yano
  • Patent number: 6984293
    Abstract: Cyclic esters of hydroxy organic acids can be produced and recovered via azeotropic distillation. In certain embodiments cyclic esters, such as glycolide and lactide, can be produced from a fermentation broth or other feed stream that contains a hydroxy organic acid, an ammonium salt of a hydroxy organic acid, an amide of a hydroxy organic acid, or an ester of a hydroxy organic acid using azeotropic distillation. The hydroxy organic acid of the feed stream or the hydroxy organic acid derived from the feed stream by decomposition is reacted to produce the cyclic ester. In other embodiments a crude composition of a cyclic ester of an organic ester can be purified using azeotropic distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6982026
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of at least one of an organic acid or an organic acid amide, such as a heat stable lactic acid or lactamide, from a feed stream which contains the organic acid and/or organic acid amide. The feed stream is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one heteroazeotrope with the organic acid or the organic acid amide in the feed stream. The mixture of the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream. The heteroazeotrope is a component of that vapor stream. The vapor stream can be heated further to separate components or it can be condensed into a liquid stream. The liquid stream is capable of being separated into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase contains the highest concentration of the organic acid and/or the organic acid amide and the azeotroping agent is part of the second phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6926810
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of an organic acid, such as a heat stable lactic acid, from a feed stream which contains at least one of an organic acid amide, an organic acid ammonium salt, or an alkylamine-organic acid complex. The feed stream is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one azeotrope with the organic acid that is produced by the thermal decomposition of the amide, ammonium salt, or complex in the feed stream. Preferably the azeotrope is a heteroazeotrope. The mixture of the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream. The azeotrope is a component of the vapor stream. The vapor stream can be condensed to a liquid stream, and the organic acid is recovered in the liquid stream that is produced. When the azeotrope is a heteroazeotrope, the vapor stream can be condensed into a liquid stream, which can be separated into a first phase and a second phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co.
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6736941
    Abstract: A process is described for purifying propylene oxide, which includes the step of distilling propylene oxide containing impurities in the presence of a hydrocarbon having 5 carbon atoms or less. According to the present invention, a process is provided for purifying propylene oxide which has a feature that impurities contained in a solution containing propylene oxide to be purified can be efficiently removed. Oxygen-containing impurities, in particular, can be very efficiently removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Noriaki Oku, Masaru Ishino
  • Patent number: 6613197
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for isolation of a barely volatile organic compound in a sample suspected to contain the same, e.g. a dioxin, which includes continuously adding superheated steam and a volatile and hardly water-soluble/water-insoluble solvent to a liquid or solid sample suspected to contain said organic compound to be isolated, a solid sample being dissolved in said solvent which can dissolve said organic compound to be isolated, distilling off an azeotropic mixture of said organic compound and said solvent by steam distillation, separating a solvent phase of said solvent dissolving said organic compound and said water phase, and recovering quantitatively said organic compound from said solvent. The dioxins are then further subjected to analysis, for example, GC, HRGC-MS and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignees: Laboratory of Creative Science Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junichi Iwamura
  • Publication number: 20030121830
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for treating gasoline vapor by bringing gasoline vapor within a fuel tank into contact with a fluid gasoline and making the fluid gasoline absorb the gasoline vapor, in order to improve absorptivity of the gasoline vapor and to reduce the amount of the gasoline vapor introduced into a canister, thereby attaining a canister downsizing. The method and apparatus comprise a separation device of introducing the liquid gasoline within the fuel tank and separating it into a low boiling point component and a high boiling point component, and a gas-liquid contact device of bringing the gasoline vapor within the fuel tank into contact with an extractive gasoline composed of the high boiling point component separated by the separation device, whereby when contacting the gasoline vapor with the extractive gasoline, a part of the gasoline vapor is absorbed to the extractive gasoline, and a residual of the gasoline vapor not absorbed to the extractive gasoline is introduced into a canister.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Publication date: July 3, 2003
    Inventors: Kojiro Kuroyanagi, Takashi Nagai
  • Publication number: 20030116421
    Abstract: A process for reducing the level(s) of water and/or other impurities from cyclosiloxanes by either azeotropic distillation, or by contacting the cyclosiloxane compositions with an adsorbent bed material. The purified cyclosiloxane material is useful for forming low-dielectric constant thin films having dielectric constants of less than 3.0, more preferably 2.8 to 2.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2001
    Publication date: June 26, 2003
    Inventors: Chongying Xu, Thomas H. Baum, Alexander S. Borovik, Ziyun Wang, James T.Y. Lin, Scott Battle, Ravi K. Laxman
  • Publication number: 20030102206
    Abstract: A process for purifying propylene oxide, which comprises distilling propylene oxide containing impurities in the presence of a hydrocarbon having 5 carbon atoms or less. According to the present invention, a process for purifying propylene oxide which has a feature that impurities contained in a solution containing propylene oxide to be purified can be efficiently removed, especially, oxygen-containing impurities can be very efficiently removed, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2002
    Publication date: June 5, 2003
    Inventors: Noriaki Oku, Masaru Ishino
  • Publication number: 20030029712
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of at least one of an organic acid or an organic acid amide, such as a heat stable lactic acid or lactamide, from a feed stream comprising the organic acid and/or organic acid amide. The feed stream that comprises the organic acid and/or organic acid amide is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one heteroazeotrope with the organic acid or the organic acid amide. The mixture comprising the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream that comprises the heteroazeotrope. The vapor stream can be heated further to separate components or it can be condensed into a liquid stream. The liquid stream is capable of being separated into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase contains the highest concentration of the organic acid and/or the organic acid amide and the second phase comprises the azeotroping agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Publication date: February 13, 2003
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Publication number: 20030029711
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of an organic acid, such as a heat stable lactic acid, from a feed stream comprising at least one of an organic acid amide, an organic acid ammonium salt, or an alkylamine-organic acid complex. The feed stream that comprises the organic acid amide, organic acid ammonium salt, or alkylamine-organic acid complex is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one azeotrope with the organic acid that is produced by the thermal decomposition of the amide, ammonium salt, or complex in the feed stream. Preferably the azeotrope is a heteroazeotrope. The mixture comprising the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream that comprises the azeotrope. The vapor stream can be condensed to a liquid stream, and the organic acid is recovered in the liquid stream that is produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Publication date: February 13, 2003
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6500311
    Abstract: A mixture of propylene oxide and methanol is separated by liquid/liquid extraction using water and a hydrocarbon such as n-octane as extractive solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Gary A. Sawyer
  • Publication number: 20020166759
    Abstract: A modular solvent recovery device (30) includes an enclosure (34) mounted to a frame (32) to enclose a tank (70) having a solvent section (72) and a waste fluid section (73), a still (40) in which waste photopolymer fluid is distilled by application of heat and vacuum pressure to the waste photopolymer fluid to distill a solvent from the waste photopolymer fluid and reduce the waste photopolymer fluid to a coalescing concentrated residue, and a flash-point-increasing agent delivery system (95) to supply a flash-point-increasing agent to the concentrated residue in an amount sufficient to raise the flash point temperature of the coalescing concentrated residue to a predetermined temperature. The still has a manhole device (46) comprising a pivotally and telescopically mounted closure (47) having wheels (51) rotatably mounted thereto and tracks (52) mounted to the still to engage the wheels and raise the closure vertically above a manhole (42) of the still upon pivotal movement of the closure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Publication date: November 14, 2002
    Inventors: Michael D. Mabry, Donald R. McAllister
  • Publication number: 20020157937
    Abstract: Cyclic esters of hydroxy organic acids can be produced and recovered via azeotropic distillation. In certain embodiments cyclic esters, such as glycolide and lactide, can be produced from a fermentation broth or other feed stream that comprises a hydroxy organic acid, an ammonium salt of a hydroxy organic acid, an amide of a hydroxy organic acid, or an ester of a hydroxy organic acid using azeotropic distillation. The hydroxy organic acid of the feed stream or the hydroxy organic acid derived from the feed stream by decomposition is reacted to produce the cyclic ester. In other embodiments a crude composition of a cyclic ester of an organic ester can be purified using azeotropic distillation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Publication date: October 31, 2002
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6461481
    Abstract: A method of removing water from wet organoborane by dissolving the wet organoborane in an organic solvent in which water is incompletely soluble, decanting any insoluble water, and distilling the organic phase to remove water which may be contained therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Willie Jon Barnette, Bruce Edwin Murphree, John Joseph Ostermaier
  • Patent number: 6458249
    Abstract: Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) containing less than 10 parts-per-million molar impurities, e.g., tetrafluoromethane (PFC-14), is disclosed. Azeotropic and extractive distillation processes using entraining agents for separating NF3 and PFC-14 from each other and from mixtures with other electronics industry materials are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Ralph Newton Miller, Chien-Ping Chai Kao, Barry Asher Mahler
  • Patent number: 6444096
    Abstract: A process for the recovery and purification of cyclobutanone from a crude product mixture obtained from an oxidation product mixture resulting from the oxidation of cyclobutanol to cyclobutanone in the presence of water. The process provides for the recovery of cyclobutanone in a purity of at least 90 weight percent by a combination of distillation steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott Donald Barnicki, Timothy Richard Nolen, Robert Sterling Kline, Dewey Wayne Fuller, Jr., Mary Kathleen Foster, Stephen Neal Falling
  • Patent number: 6383343
    Abstract: A method of separating methanol and acetone, and methanol and methyl acetate involves distilling a mixture of the components by an extractive distillation process in the presence of an extractive distillation solvent. The extractive distillation solvent may be an amine, a chlorinated hydrocarbon, a brominated hydrocarbon, a paraffin, and an alkylated thiopene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Inventors: Izak Nieuwoudt, Braam van Dyk
  • Patent number: 6375803
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for removing a contaminant from a fluid feed stream containing the contaminant. The method includes the steps of providing a feed stream (10) and heating it in a first step (18) to at least partially remove some of the contaminants and recover energy from a concentrate and distillate generated. Further heating the feed stream in a second heating step (20) in a heated separator generates a saturated vapor fraction (30) and a concentrated liquid contaminant fraction. The vapor fraction (30) may be compressed (32) to generate a temperature differential in the reboiler exchanger (34) with the vapor fraction being passed into contact with a reboiler exchanger (34) to provide a stream of condensed vapor from the reboiler. The stream may be circulated through the reboiler exchanger (34) and the heated separator to maintain from about 1% to about 50% by mass vapor in the stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: Aqua-Pure Ventures Inc.
    Inventors: Minoo Razzaghi, Robert Spiering
  • Patent number: 6375807
    Abstract: A method of separating ethanol and ethyl acetate, and ethanol and water involves distilling a mixture of the components by an extractive distillation process in the presence of an extractive distillation solvent. The extractive distillation solvent may be an amine, an alkylated thiopene, and paraffins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Inventors: Izak Nieuwoudt, Braam Van Dyk
  • Patent number: 6352618
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for manufacturing a concentrated residue from a photopolymer fluid which includes photopolymer and photopolymer solvent. The photopolymer fluid may be derived by chemically etching a photopolymer layer of a printing plate with a solvent. The process includes distilling the photopolymer fluid to recover the solvent and concentrate the photopolymer fluid to form a concentrated photopolymer residue, and mixing a flash-point-increasing agent with the concentrated photopolymer residue in an amount sufficient to raise the flash point temperature of the concentrated photopolymer residue to a pre-selected temperature to form the concentrated residue. The flash-point-increasing agent may be mixed with the waste photopolymer fluid prior, during, or after distillation. Also, the flash-point-increasing agent includes oils, such as paraffinic and naphthenic oils and a blend thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2002
    Assignee: IHS Solvent Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael D. Mabry, Donald R. McAllister
  • Publication number: 20020005344
    Abstract: For the fractionation of viscous silicones, oily or polymeric diorganosilicones with a chain length of between 2 and 10 000 are separated into a top and a bottom product, preferably continuously in an extracting column, using compressed hydrocarbons such as ethane, propane and n- or i-butane, or mixtures thereof, at temperatures of between 25 and 250° C., pressures of between 20 and 500 bar and a gas density >160 kg/m3. To avoid viscosity problems, either an organic solvent in the form of a C5-8 alkane or up to 85 wt. % of the compressed gas (mixture) can be added to the starting materials prior to fractionation. With this process, high-quality viscous silicone fractions are obtained, which have a chain length of 200 to 10 000 and/or a viscosity of 100 to 500 000 mPas, and whose total oligomer content D4 to D20 is less than 0.05 wt. %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 1999
    Publication date: January 17, 2002
    Inventors: JURGEN HEIDLAS, JOACHIM VON SEYERL
  • Patent number: 6299736
    Abstract: Gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL) is recovered from a mixture containing GBL and other heavy organics by a process of azeotropic distillation in the presence of a C8-C 10 hydrocarbon as an azeotroping agent, wherein an azeotrope of GBL and the hydrocarbon is obtained as a distillate, which forms immiscible GBL-rich and hydrocarbon-rich phases, and the hydrocarbon-rich phase is decanted or isolated from the GBL-rich phase. By this process GBL can be efficiently separated from a large proportion of various compounds having boiling points close to that of GBL, e.g., the methyl-&ggr;-butyrolactones (MeGBL's).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Kenneth A. Windhorst, H. Robert Gerberich, Deborah A. Sitz, Nicole Garrett-Wallace, R. Jay Warner
  • Patent number: 6159346
    Abstract: Inhibition of the formation of unsaturated carbon compounds during the heating of 141b involving the addition of various inhibitors such as dialkylhydroxylamine and/or the use of a vessel made of a nickel alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: Elf Atochem North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard M. Crooker, Maher Y. Elsheikh, Anthony D. Kelton, Morris P. Walker, Danny W. Wright
  • Patent number: 6120652
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for purifying a crude 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa) containing HFC-245fa and 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-trans-1-propene (HCFC-1233zd(t)), by distillation. This method is characterized in that the distillation is conducted in the presence of a solvent having a boiling point which is higher than that of HCFC-1233zd(t), thereby to substantially remove HCFC-1233zd(t) from the crude HFC-245fa. This solvent may be selected from carbon chlorides, chlorohydrocarbons, fluorochlorohydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, and mixtures thereof. With the use of this solvent, it becomes possible to substantially easily separate HFC-245fa from HCFC-1233zd(t).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Central Glass Company
    Inventors: Yasuo Hibino, Ryouichi Tamai
  • Patent number: 6066238
    Abstract: A process for the separation of propylene from an input stream of C3 hydrocarbons containing propylene and methyl acetylene and/or propadiene and, optionally, C4 and/or higher hydrocarbons is described. The process includes subjecting the input stream to fractional distillation to separate propylene as an overhead stream leaving a bottoms stream containing the methyl acetylene and/or propadiene and the C4 and/or higher hydrocarbons, when present. A propane-containing stream is added to said input stream whereby propane is separated as part of the bottoms stream. The propylene content of the bottoms streams is maintained at less than 10% weight. The amount of propane added to the input stream is such that the weight of propane, propylene, and C4 and/or higher hydrocarbons, when present, in the bottoms stream is greater that the total weight of methyl acetylene and propadiene in the bottoms stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventor: Graham Michael Perry