Including The Addition Of Water Or Steam Patents (Class 203/79)
  • Patent number: 8968523
    Abstract: A process for recovering butanol from a mixture of a water-immiscible organic extractant, water, butanol, and optionally a non-condensable gas, is provided. The butanol is selected from 1-butanol, isobutanol, and mixtures thereof. An overhead stream from a first distillation column is decanted into two liquid phases. The wet butanol phase is refined in a second distillation column; the aqueous phase is returned to the first distillation column. A portion of the wet butanol phase from the decanter is also returned to the first distillation column. The extractant may be C7 to C22 fatty alcohols, C7 to C22 fatty acids, esters of C7 to C22 fatty acids, C7 to C22 fatty aldehydes, and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
    Inventors: Yihui Tom Xu, William D. Parten
  • Patent number: 8906204
    Abstract: Systems and methods for separating an alcohol, and in particular butanol, from a fermented feed and concentrating thin stillage into syrup includes operation of one or more alcohol recovery distillation columns using the heat supplied by steam generated from concentration of the thin stillage in a multi-train, multi-effect evaporation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
    Inventor: Yihui Tom Xu
  • Patent number: 8709238
    Abstract: Crude tall oil is subjected to a distillation process that substantially removes impurities. The process produces a combined pitch and a distillate of free fatty acids and rosin acids from two vacuum columns. The distillate stream is amenable to further downstream hydroprocessing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: John A. Petri
  • Patent number: 8652304
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an enhanced process for separating dissolved and suspended solids from valuable or harmful liquids and more particularly to improving the operational aspects and separation efficiency of treating certain water miscible fluids including those used for oil and gas processing such as glycols, as well as automobile and aircraft fluids, that have become contaminated with dissolved and/or suspended solid matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Prime Services Trustee Limited, VBW Trustees No. 2 Limited
    Inventor: Craig Nazzer
  • Patent number: 8585869
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and/or apparatuses for treating wastewater produced at a thermoelectric power plant, other industrial plants, and/or other industrial sources are disclosed. The wastewater is directed through a wastewater concentrator including a direct contact adiabatic concentration system. A stream of hot feed gases is directed through the wastewater concentrator. The wastewater concentrator mixes the hot feed gases directly with the wastewater and evaporates water vapor from the wastewater. The wastewater concentrator separates the water vapor from remaining concentrated wastewater. A contained air-water interface liquid evaporator may be arranged to pre-process the wastewater before being treated by the wastewater concentrator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Heartland Technology Partners LLC
    Inventors: Bernard F. Duesel, Jr., Craig Clerkin
  • Patent number: 8524047
    Abstract: A method of dehydrating tolylenediamine which includes subjecting tolylenediamine having a water content of 5-40 wt. % to first-stage distillation at a vacuum of 13-101.3 kPa and subjecting the bottoms from the first-stage distillation to second-stage distillation at a vacuum lower than 13kPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ogawa, Mitsunaga Dohzaki, Masaaki Sasaki
  • Patent number: 8337672
    Abstract: The invention relates to the oil processing industry and can be used for producing vacuum in a vacuum petroleum distillation column. The inventive method involves pumping out a vapor-gas medium from the column by of a gas-gas ejector in such a way that a vapor-gas mixture is formed at the entry thereof and supplying said mixture to a condenser for producing a gas mixture and a vapor phase condensate. The gas mixture is supplied from the condenser to a liquid-gas jet apparatus and the condensate is delivered to an additional separator. A hydrocarbon-containing condensate is removed from the additional separator for the intended use thereof and a water-containing condensate is fed to a steam generator for producing steam by supplying heat of a hot distillate evacuated from the vacuum column. The thus obtained steam is used in the gas-gas ejector as a high-pressure gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Inventor: Valery Grigorievich Tsegelsky
  • Patent number: 8029650
    Abstract: A method for purifying used antifreeze is disclosed. An antifreeze recycling systems uses a simple-distillation apparatus adapted to distill clean antifreeze from used antifreeze. A novel scraper blade is used in the simple-distillation apparatus. Also, antifreeze recycling methods that minimize waste and generate nontoxic, landfillable waste are provided. An antifreeze product produced by the present method, and a nontoxic, landfillable sludge product produced by the present method, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Inventor: Dale L. Letcher
  • Publication number: 20110233045
    Abstract: Provided is a method of purifying hydrochloric acid by removing an organic substance having a boiling point of ?25° C. to 120° C. under atmospheric pressure from a first organic substance-containing hydrochloric acid that contains the organic substance and has a hydrogen chloride concentration higher than an azeotropic hydrogen chloride concentration under atmospheric pressure. The method includes the step of subjecting a second organic substance-containing hydrochloric acid to distillation using a distillation tower under atmospheric pressure, to distill out the organic substance from a top of the distillation tower. The second organic substance-containing hydrochloric acid is obtained by mixing the first organic substance-containing hydrochloric acid and water or dilute hydrochloric acid and has the hydrogen chloride concentration lower than the azeotropic hydrogen chloride concentration under atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2009
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Applicant: SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Toyomitsu Shimizu, Norihito Omoto, Shoichi Futagami, Sadayuki Miyamura
  • Patent number: 7666281
    Abstract: Purified water for special purposes is produced using a falling-film multieffect evaporator. From the feed water, each effect produces a steam phase and a water phase. The steam phase is used for heating in the subsequent evaporating step, whereby the steam phase condenses to product water, and the water phase becomes feed water for the subsequent evaporation step. According to the invention, the product water may be wholly or partly recycled to the initial feed water, allowing process startup and sterilisation of the plant without conducting hot product water to the drain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: STERIS Europe Inc. Suomen Sivuliike
    Inventors: Ilkka Olavi Laitinen, Teppo Nurminen, Mauri Salmisuo
  • Patent number: 7601245
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for reducing the aldehyde concentration in a mixture comprising cyclohexanone and one or more aldehydes, said process comprising distilling said mixture in a distillation column in the presence of an alkaline compound, wherein in the bottom of the distillation column substantially no water is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Arno H Benneker, Augustinus P H Schouteten, Larry W Wyatt
  • Patent number: 7594979
    Abstract: A process of separating a purified propylene oxide from a crude epoxidation product produced, preferably, in an epoxidation reaction of propylene with hydrogen peroxide. The process involves removing bulk water, bulk methanol, and unreacted propylene from the crude epoxidation product and thereafter subjecting the resulting propylene oxide product to extractive distillation with water as an extraction solvent. Under distillation conditions, including a bottoms temperature of greater than about 55° C. and less than about 75° C., an overhead or side-cut distillate stream containing a purified propylene oxide is obtained with low yield loss of propylene oxide to propylene glycols and other glycol heavies. The purified propylene oxide can be further purified in a finishing distillation to obtain propylene oxide meeting commercial grade purity requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2009
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Renate Patrascu, Sabrina Astori, Meinolf M. Weidenbach
  • Patent number: 7527712
    Abstract: Process for the continuously operated purification by distillation of the methanol used as solvent in the synthesis of propylene oxide by reaction of a hydroperoxide with propylene, with the methoxypropanols being separated off simultaneously, wherein the solvent mixture obtained in the synthesis is separated in a dividing wall column into a low-boiling fraction including methanol, an intermediate-boiling fraction containing the methoxypropanols as azeotrope with water and a high-boiling fraction including water and propylene glycol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Bassler, Hans-Georg Goebbel, Joaquim Henrique Teles, Peter Rudolf
  • Patent number: 7449088
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a new process for obtaining fatty acids with improved color, odor and heat stability which is characterized in that: (a) in a first step the crude acids are fed to a rectification (“precut”) column in order to remove low boiling by-products being present in the starting material as a top fraction, and (b) in a second step the bottom fraction of the precut column is fed to a sidestream column in order to obtain the pure fatty acids as the side fraction, to remove low boiling by-products which have been formed in the course of the first distillation as a top fraction and to remove high boiling by-products, either being present from the starting material or formed during the first distillation, with the residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Cognis Oleochemicals GmbH
    Inventors: Nataly Lausberg, Horst Josten, Georg Fieg, Thomas Kapala, Ralf Christoph, Andreas Suessenbach, Andreas Heidbreder, Ingomar Mrozek, Albrecht Schwerin
  • Patent number: 7416644
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and a system for stripping volatile compounds such as ammonia from liquids. Part of the ammonia is stripped from the liquid in a system having a shunt through which liquid such as e.g. fermented biomass can be diverted in the form of a side stream in liquid contact with a main fermentor(s). The stripper system is connected to an evaporator. In the evaporator aqueous liquid is heated at a pressure below atmospheric pressure whereby vapor is developed at a temperature below 100° C. The vapor from the evaporator is directed to the liquid medium containing ammonia and this results in ammonia being stripped from the liquid and transferred to the vapor phase. The vapor phase is condensed in a first condenser at a low pressure, and the liquid thus obtained is further treated in a stripper unit at a higher pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Green Farm Energy
    Inventor: Torben A. Bonde
  • Patent number: 7416645
    Abstract: The present invention provides a continuous process for recovering acetone from a waste stream from an acetone purification stage. The waste stream contains mesityl oxide and optionally acetone. The process for recovering acetone includes separating the waste stream in a separating device at least in one stream containing mesityl oxide and optionally a further stream containing acetone, then concentrating mesityl oxide in the mesityl oxide containing stream, and finally recycling the concentrated mesityl oxide stream to the separating device and bringing it into contact with a basic or acidic aqueous medium or with an acidic catalyst in the presence of water whereby mesityl oxide is at least partially hydrolyzed to acetone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: INEOS Phenol GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Markus Weber, Otto Schnurr
  • Patent number: 7309403
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of avoiding corrosion in the separation of methylamine from a product stream (10) which is obtained in the preparation of methylamines by gas-phase reaction of methanol and ammonia and includes monomethylamine, dimethylamine, trimethylamine, ammonia and methanol as components, where ammonia is separated off by pure distillation in a first column (1), the remaining components of the product stream obtained as bottoms (12) are fed to a second column (2). Trimethylamine (14) is separated off in the second column (2) by extractive distillation with introduction of water. The further of the product stream obtained as bottoms (15) from the second column (2) are fed to a third column (3), in which monomethylamine and dimethylamine are separated off at the top. The monomethylamine and dimethylamine are separated by distillation in a fourth column (4). To avoid corrosion alkali metal hydroxide is added to the second or third column (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Werner Reutemann, Theodor Weber, Karl-Heinz Ross, Manfred Julius
  • Patent number: 6982026
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of at least one of an organic acid or an organic acid amide, such as a heat stable lactic acid or lactamide, from a feed stream which contains the organic acid and/or organic acid amide. The feed stream is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one heteroazeotrope with the organic acid or the organic acid amide in the feed stream. The mixture of the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream. The heteroazeotrope is a component of that vapor stream. The vapor stream can be heated further to separate components or it can be condensed into a liquid stream. The liquid stream is capable of being separated into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase contains the highest concentration of the organic acid and/or the organic acid amide and the azeotroping agent is part of the second phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6969446
    Abstract: Process for producing a nitric acid of a concentration from 75 to 99.9% from a more diluted nitric acid, wherein a nitric acid of a concentration of about 45 to 70% is rectified in contact with a liquid extraction medium to prevent the formation of a nitric acid-water-azeotropic mixture, and the vapors of the concentrated nitric acid are condensed and a concentrated nitric acid is obtained and wherein additionally the extraction medium is reconstituted through reconcentration and returned into the extractive rectification, wherein the nitric acid to be concentrated is fed as a boiling liquid or partially vaporized to the extractive rectification preferably carried out in two columns (K 1.0, K 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: QVF Engineering GmbH
    Inventors: Gottfried Dichtl, Frank Dorstewitz, Manfred Sassenberg, Ulrich Walter
  • Patent number: 6955743
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for recovering and producing chemicals in a pulp production process where organic chemicals, such as formic acid and acetic acid, are used as cooking chemicals. The process of the invention is based on regeneration of cooking acids and formation of additional cooking acids and furfural by evaporating the cooking liquor and then separating acetic acid, formic acid, furfural and water. The separation is preferably carried out by distillation using the furfural formed in the process as a distilling aid in the distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2005
    Assignee: Chempolis Oy
    Inventors: Esa Rousu, Pasi Rousu, Juha Anttila, Juha Tanskanen, Päivi Rousu
  • Patent number: 6843890
    Abstract: A process of treating waste solvent acetonitrile streams which contain at least one water extractable impurity such as isopropyl acetate to remove substantially all of the impurity by distilling the waste solvent acetonitrile in the presence of water for a time sufficient to allow the water extractable impurity to be extractively distilled from the acetonitrile. In preferred embodiments of the present invention the feed may contain either a mixture of waste solvent acetonitrile and crude acetonitrile or crude acetonitrile free of hydrogen cyanide by itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: The Standard Oil Company
    Inventor: Sanjay Purushottam Godbole
  • Patent number: 6821382
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for cleaning condensate, produced during the production of cellulose pulp, including evaporation of spent liquor, utilizing a cleaning plant having several condensers, coupled in series. Process steam from the last evaporation stage and unclean condensate are introduced into a combined stripper/condenser, the process steam and the condensate being brought to flow in opposite directions so that direct heat exchange occurs, resulting in volatile compounds of the condensate being separated and taken up by the steam with simultaneous indirect cooling, resulting in condensation of the main part of the process steam, and the remaining process steam gradually flowing further on, the process steam being successively cooled first resulting in water and turpentine being condensed and collected and subsequently methanol being condensed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Papsea AB
    Inventor: Allan Lundgren
  • Patent number: 6780289
    Abstract: A method for the purification of crude acetonitrile comprising distilling the crude acetonitrile in a first fractional distillation column at below atmospheric pressure, withdrawing a first side draw fraction comprising acetonitrile, distilling the first side draw fraction in a second fractional distillation column at super atmospheric pressure, and withdrawing from the second distillation a second side draw fraction comprising purified acetonitrile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: The Standard Oil Company
    Inventor: Sanjay P. Godbole
  • Patent number: 6758946
    Abstract: A process for working up hydroxylamine-containing solutions as obtained in particular in the electronics industry during the cleaning of electronic components is described. According to the invention, the hydroxylamine is stripped from the wastewater with steam. The products obtained are aqueous hydroxylamine and an aqueous solution of the amines. Both product streams can be purified in further process steps to give a saleable product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Otto Watzenberger, Heiner Schelling
  • Publication number: 20040074758
    Abstract: The present invention provides a continuous process for recovering acetone from a waste stream from an acetone purification stage, whereas said waste stream comprises mesityl oxide and optionally acetone by separating the waste stream in a separating device at least in one stream comprising mesityl oxide and optionally a further stream comprising acetone, by than concentrating mesityl oxide in the mesityl oxide containing stream and finally by recycling the concentrated mesityl oxide stream to the separating device and bringing it into contact with a basic or acidic aqueous medium or with an acidic catalyst in the presence of water whereby mesityl oxide is at least partially hydrolyzed to acetone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2003
    Publication date: April 22, 2004
    Inventors: Markus Weber, Otto Schnurr
  • Patent number: 6706153
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the separation of a ketoxime or aldoxime from a ketoxime- or aldoxime-containing amide mixture in which the ketoxime or aldoxime is separated from the amide mixture by distillation. This has proved to be a very simple and direct method for separating the ketoxime and/or aldoxime from the desired amide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: DSM N.V.
    Inventors: Yvonne H. Frentzen, Nicolaas F. Haasen, Henricus F. W. Wolters
  • Patent number: 6685802
    Abstract: This invention relates to a continuous process and an apparatus (1) for removing dissolved and undissolved solids and/or high boiling point liquid contaminants from a mixture of miscible liquids (9). A recycle liquor stream (6) is fed at high velocity through a heat exchanger having a single flow path (12) and the heat added by the heat exchanger is sufficient to vaporize the feed stream (2) when the recycle liquor and feed stream are mixed upon delivery to the separation vessel (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Inventor: Craig Nazzer
  • Patent number: 6635151
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for separating the water from an aqueous lactam solution. It applies more particularly to a mixture resulting from the reaction between an aminonitrile and water (this reaction also being called cyclizing hydrolysis). The subject of the invention is a process for separating the water from an aqueous lactam solution, which process is economical both from the standpoint of the investment necessary for its implementation and from the standpoint of the operating cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Rhodia Fiber & Resin Intermediates
    Inventors: Gerald Bocquenet, Yves Courtemanche, Patrick Houssier
  • Patent number: 6623604
    Abstract: Methods of recovering free fatty acids having a low ester content from alkanol-containing solutions and oil mixtures containing tocopherols are disclosed which involve atmospheric or vacuum stripping at low temperatures. The recovered fatty acids have a high acid value, and have high commercial value in the production of high quality (high acid value) products, e.g., dimerized fatty acids, useful in polyamide resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: Cognis Corporation
    Inventors: A. Fred Elsasser, C. William Blewett
  • Patent number: 6605192
    Abstract: A process for the distillative recovery of high purity monoethylene glycol from the hydrolysis, product of ethylene oxide by pressure dewatering, preferably in a battery, vacuum dewatering and subsequent purifying distillation, wherein during the vacuum dewatering an aqueous stream is withdrawn which contains-monoethylene glycol in a concentration below 1% by weight, preferably below 0.1% by weight, medium boilers and low boilers. The withdrawn aqueous stream is, optionally after further workup, removed from the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerhard Theis, Till Adrian, Bernd Bessling, Hans Hasse, Frans Vansant
  • Patent number: 6514388
    Abstract: A process for the distillative recovery of high purity monoethylene glycol from the hydrolysis product of ethylene oxide by pressure dewatering, vacuum dewatering and subsequent purifying distillation, which includes the pressure dewatering columns or at least the first pressure dewatering column of the battery (2, 3, 4) having a stripping section with at least one separating stage, preferably with from 2 to 10 separating stages, particularly preferably with from 3 to 6 stages, and a portion of the overhead stream of the pressure dewatering column(s) (2, 3, 4) having a stripping section being removed from the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Till Adrian, Bernd Bessling, Hans Hasse, Frans Vansant, Gerhard Theis
  • Patent number: 6500311
    Abstract: A mixture of propylene oxide and methanol is separated by liquid/liquid extraction using water and a hydrocarbon such as n-octane as extractive solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Gary A. Sawyer
  • Publication number: 20020005343
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the separation of a ketoxime or aldoxime from a ketoxime- or aldoxime-containing amide mixture in which the ketoxime or aldoxime is separated from the amide mixture by means of distillation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 1999
    Publication date: January 17, 2002
    Inventors: YVONNE FRENTZEN, NICOLAAS HAASEN, HENRICUS F.W. WOLTERS
  • Patent number: 6299734
    Abstract: An aqueous solution of free hydroxylamine is prepared by treating a hydroxylammonium salt with ammonia by the countercurrent method in a stripping column by a process in which hydroxylamine is liberated and at the same time the solution obtained is separated by distillation into an aqueous hydroxylamine solution and a salt fraction. The novel process can be carried out in a simple and gentle manner and on a large scale. The danger of decomposition is minimized owing to the low thermal load, the low concentration of hydroxylamine and the short residence time in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Otto Watzenberger, Peter Mauer, Eckhard Ströfer, Heiner Schelling, Hans-Michael Schneider
  • Patent number: 6258206
    Abstract: A process for evaporating spent liquor or other waste liquids from cellulose cooking, The evaporation is performed in a multiplicity of evaporators which are coupled in series and in which the evaporation is driven using the liquor steam. The condensates from the steam are divided, in one of more effects, into at least two fractions with respect to purity. The parer fraction from one effect is conveyed, at a high level, into a subsequent effect in the direction of movement of the liquor, while the dirtier fraction is conveyed, at a high level or at the very top, into a preceding effect in the direction of movement of the liquor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Kvaerner Pulping AB
    Inventors: Lars Gunnar Olausson, Lars Eric Pettersson, Olof Tryggve Wennberg, Anders Henrik Wernqvist
  • Patent number: 6217711
    Abstract: A method of treating cellulose pulp mill condensates having an MeOH content using an evaporator and a steam stripper having a reboiler, comprising: (a) Collecting a feed liquor stream having at least 50% of the pulp mill MeOH. (b) Feeding the feed liquor stream to the evaporator having at least two heating element sections separated on a motive steam side. (c) Evaporating the liquor in the evaporator to produce a vapor containing at least 40% of the at least 50% of the pulp mill MeOH. (d) Compressing the vapor from (c) to increase the vapor pressure. (e) Using the vapor from (d) as condensing heating media in (c) for the evaporation in a first heating element section of the evaporator and venting a portion of the vapor through the first heating element section. (f) Compressing the vented vapor from the heating elements of the evaporator from (e) to increase the vapor pressure to be used as heating media in the reboiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: Andritz-Ahlstrom Oy
    Inventors: Rolf Ryham, Jarmo Kaila, John Rauscher, Theodora Retsina, Jan Ohman
  • Patent number: 6210583
    Abstract: A process for pre-treating a spent caustic stream prior to oxidation which includes countercurrent multi-stage elevated temperature solvent extraction of dissolved organic material from the spent caustic using a solvent to yield a spent caustic raffinate containing only residual amounts of organic solute and steam distilling the spent caustic raffinate to remove the residual organic solutes, yielding a pretreated spent caustic stream substantially free of organic material which is then subjected to wet air oxidation and thereafter to ozonolysis to yield a wastewater stream having a low COD and BOD, which is neutralized to a pH of 8.5 to 9.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Stone & Webster Engineering
    Inventors: Sabah A. Kurukchi, Joseph M. Gondolfe, Stephen Z. Masoomian
  • Patent number: 6139693
    Abstract: A process for recovering hexamethylenediamine (I) from a mixture (II) including(I) hexamethylenediamine,(III) hexamethyleneimine,(IV) a compound selected from 2-aminomethylcyclopentylamine and 1,2-diaminocyclohexane,(V) an imine,(VI) adiponitrile and 6-aminocapronitrileincludes distilling(a) a mixture (II) to obtain(a1) a low boiling fraction (III),(a2) a medium boiling fraction (VII) (I), (IV) and (V), and(a3) a high boiling fraction (V) and (VI),(b) a mixture (VII) to obtain(b1) an overhead product (IV), and(b2) a mixture (VIII) (I) and (V) as bottom product, and(c) a mixture (VIII) to obtain(c1) (I) as overhead product, and(c2) a bottom product (V).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft Ludwigshafen
    Inventors: Peter Bassler, Rolf Fischer, Hermann Luyken, Alwin Rehfinger, Guido Voit
  • Patent number: 5935388
    Abstract: A distillation plant includes a heat pump whose working fluid is compressed by a vapor jet compressor. A collection location for a liquid is arranged in the stripper part of a distillation column of the plant. At least a portion of the collected liquid is provided in the vaporized form as strip vapor. Connections lead from the collection location to a first vaporizer and to a second vaporizer. The liquid can be vaporized in these vaporizers at an elevated and at a reduced pressure respectively. The vapor jet compressor is connected to the two vaporizers and to the column in such a manner that the vapor from the second vaporizer can be compressed under a driving jet action of the vapor from the first vaporizer and used in the column as strip vapor. A pump is arranged in the connection to the first vaporizer and at least one restrictor member is contained in the connection to the second vaporizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Sulzer Chemtech AG
    Inventor: Istvan Meszaros
  • Patent number: 5885422
    Abstract: A process for pretreating a spent caustic stream prior to oxidation includes countercurrent multi-stage elevated temperature solvent extraction of dissolved organic material from the spent caustic using a solvent to yield a spent caustic raffinate containing only residual amounts of organic solute. The raffinate is steam distilled to remove the residual organic solutes, yielding a pretreated spent caustic stream substantially free of organic material. The pretreated spent caustic is suitable for use in a Kraft paper process or for oxidation prior to recycle or disposal. Solvent extract from the extractor is regenerated in a solvent regenerator having an overhead stream for purging light ends, a bottom stream for purging heavy ends, and a heart-cut side stream for recycling solvent to the extractor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Assignee: Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Sabah A. Kurukchi, Joseph M. Gondolfe
  • Patent number: 5882485
    Abstract: A process for the separation of dimethyl ether and chloromethane in mixturesA process for the separation of dimethyl ether and chloromethane in mixtures by two distillation steps. In the first step, the mixture is subjected to an extractive distillation with water, aqueous salt solutions or organic liquids as extractant, the top product being chloromethane. In the second step, the dimethyl ether is separated from the extractant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Roth, Erhard Leistner, Hans Haverkamp, Wolfgang Wendel, Michael Kleiber
  • Patent number: 5863391
    Abstract: Acetaldehyde may be effectively removed from a contaminated methanol stream using a distillation method wherein a solvent stream containing a relatively heavy polar compound such as water or propylene glycol is utilized as an extractive distillation solvent. Following the separation of the polar compound from the bottoms stream obtained by extractive distillation, the purified methanol may be recycled for use as a reaction solvent in an olefin epoxidation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Michael A. Rueter, John C. Jubin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5843286
    Abstract: A process for the preparation and fractionation of a mixture of dimethyl ether and chloromethane by extractive distillation with water as extractant. The mixture is prepared by reacting methanol with hydrogen chloride. It is then subjected to an extractive distillation with water as extractant, resulting in chloromethane as top product. In the next step, the dimethyl ether is removed by distillation and, in another step, the extraction water is separated from the methanol which is still present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Roth, Erhard Leistner, Hans Haverkamp
  • Patent number: 5837107
    Abstract: An aqueous solution of free hydroxylamine is prepared by a process in which the solution obtained by treating a hydroxylammonium salt with a base is separated into an aqueous hydroxylamine solution and a salt fraction by treatment with water or steam at .ltoreq.80.degree.0 C. The novel process can be carried out in a simple and gentle manner and on a large industrial scale. Owing to the low thermal load, the low concentration of hydroxylamine and the short residence time in the process, the risk of decomposition is minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Otto Watzenberger, Hans-Michael Schneider, Bernd Leutner, Albrecht Wilhelm Friederang
  • Patent number: 5639355
    Abstract: A tertiary butyl hydroperoxide reaction product is distilled to provide a tertiary butyl alcohol distillation fraction containing tertiary butyl alcohol and a heavier fraction containing unreacted tertiary butyl hydroperoxide, and reaction by-products boiling below tertiary butyl alcohol, the tertiary butyl alcohol fraction is charged to a vacuum distillation column for separation into a vaporized overhead tertiary butyl alcohol fraction that is cooled to obtain a liquefaction product containing a minor amount of vaporized tertiary butyl alcohol and a major amount of a liquified tertiary butyl alcohol, andthe tertiary butyl alcohol vapors are dissolved in water to form an aqueous solution of tertiary butyl alcohol from which the tertiary butyl alcohol is recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Chemical Inc.
    Inventor: Huibert Sybrandus Jongenburger
  • Patent number: 5626724
    Abstract: In a process for the recovery of N-ethylpiperazine by distillation from mixtures with N,N'-diethylpiperazine, piperazine, ethanol, water and accompanying substances, water is added in a manner such that, at the location of the addition of the water, the piperazine concentration is greater than the N-ethylpiperazine concentration. The water may be added to the reflux to the top of the column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Klaus-Dieter Malsch, Douglas Hutton, Ernst Lang
  • Patent number: 5587047
    Abstract: A method for separating boric acid from a liquid, especially liquid waste obtained from a nuclear power plant. In the method, the waste solution containing the boric acid is contacted with steam in a reactor so that the boric acid evaporates from the liquid and passes into the steam vapor phase. Consequently, the radioactive wastes which are not evaporated with the steam remain in the waste water while the boric acid is removed from the waste water when it passes into the vapor or steam phase. The boric acid can then be separated and recovered from the steam by means of a distillation and fractionating column or a wash column. By removing the boric acid from the liquid waste, it is possible to obtain concentrated radioactive waste having a reduced volume due to the absence of boric acid in the waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie
    Inventors: Aime Bruggeman, Johan Braet
  • Patent number: 5500097
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for removing an organic compound in water at a high efficiency by separating an organic compound, particularly such an organic chlorine compound as 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride and chloroform dissolved in water or forming two liquid phases with water from a water phase, by the steps of:(i) charging water containing an organic compound into a first distillation column for conducting distillation or steam distillation to take the organic compound and water out of the top of the first distillation column and to obtain a bottom liquor containing the organic compound at a lower content from the bottom of the first distillation column, and(ii) charging the bottom liquor of the first distillation column into a second distillation column operated at a pressure lower than that in the first distillation column for conducting distillation, preferably flashing under reduced pressure, to take a gas distillate containing a large amount of the organic compound out of the t
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1996
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Yamamoto, Kazutoshi Itoyama, Seiichi Fujimaki
  • Patent number: 5478443
    Abstract: An apparatus for extracting, concentrating, and separating biochemical compounds from plant or animal biological substances. It has a heating vessel for the substance to be treated, and is connected at its lower part to an evaporation circuit. The evaporation circuit is connected to the upper part of the heating vessel and, by a valve, to the bottom of a distillation column. A condenser is connected to a vacuum source and, by a valve to the top of the distillation column. A decanter is connected by a valve to the condenser and then successively to a first tank for recovering essential oil, a second tank for recovering aromatic water, and to the vacuum source. A dual discharge circuit has its first circuit connected by two valves to a third tank for receiving light aromatic compounds and to a fourth tank for receiving regenerated solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Inventor: Pierre O. Cogat
  • Patent number: 5468347
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for separating boric acid from a liquid, especially liquid waste obtained from a nuclear power plant. In the process, the waste solution containing the boric acid is contacted with steam in a reactor so that the boric acid evaporates from the liquid and passes into the steam vapor phase. Consequently, the radioactive wastes which are not evaporated with the steam remain in the waste water while the boric acid is removed from the waste water when it passes into the vapor or steam phase. The boric acid can then be separated and recovered from the steam by means of a distillation and fractionating column or a wash column. By removing the boric acid from the liquid waste, it is possible to obtain concentrated radioactive waste having a reduced volume due to the absence of boric acid in the waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Studiecentrum Voor Kernenergie
    Inventors: Aime Bruggeman, Johan Braet