One A Distillation Under Positive Pressure Or Vacuum Patents (Class 203/73)
  • Patent number: 8992737
    Abstract: A trihalosilane refining device and a trihalosilane refining method are provided. The trihalosilane refining device can be useful in obtaining high-purity trihalosilane from a feed containing a trihalosilane while consuming a small amount of energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sung Kyu Lee, Joon Ho Shin, Jong Ku Lee, Sung Kyun Kim
  • Patent number: 8986508
    Abstract: A thermal desalination system adapted to produce distilled water from feed water which may be sea water, based on a forward feed evaporator made up of a main water feed line, a vapor feed line, a distilled water main line and any number of effect groups. The effect groups include any number of effects which in turn include vapor inlets, water inflow lines, concentrate outflow lines that drain into a common concentrate drainage line, a vapor and water outlet in fluid communication with the distilled water main line, and heat transfer means that condense part of an inlet vapor to produce the distilled water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: I.D.E. Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Avraham Ophir, Joseph Weinberg
  • Patent number: 8974642
    Abstract: A trihalosilane refining device and a trihalosilane refining method are provided. The trihalosilane refining device can be useful in obtaining high-purity trihalosilane from a feed containing a trihalosilane while consuming a small amount of energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sung Kyu Lee, Joon Ho Shin, Jong Ku Lee, Sung Kyun Kim
  • Patent number: 8968521
    Abstract: A trihalosilane refining device and a trihalosilane refining method are provided. The trihalosilane refining device can be useful in obtaining high-purity trihalosilane from a feed containing a trihalosilane while consuming a small amount of energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sung Kyu Lee, Joon Ho Shin, Jong Ku Lee, Sung Kyun Kim
  • Patent number: 8936718
    Abstract: A method for recovering base oil from waste lubricating oil by separating base oil range constituents from a waste lubricating oil mixture, thereafter separating higher quality base oil constituents and lower quality base oil constituents from the base oil recovered from the waste lubricating oil mixture and thereafter treating the lower quality base oil constituents to produce marketable base oil. The total base oil produced from a waste lubricating oil mixture by this process is greater than the quantity producible by previous processes using only base oil separation from the waste lubricating oil mixture or processes which use only treatment of the base oil recovered from the waste lubricating oil mixture to produce the product base oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Verolube, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin R. MacDonald
  • Patent number: 8916740
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Jason T. Corradi, David W. Ablin
  • Patent number: 8840762
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Jason T. Corradi, David W. Ablin
  • Patent number: 8741109
    Abstract: A method for purifying a crude acetone raw material containing low molecular weight impurities using two columns is disclosed. Crude acetone raw material is fed into a first column; adding an alkaline reagent and an oxidative agent into the first column to form high molecular weight impurities; removing a top fraction from the first column by distillation to form bottom fraction containing an acetone mixture containing high molecular weight impurities; feeding the bottom fraction containing the acetone mixture obtained to a second rectification column at a charge point on the column; adding an alkaline reagent to the second column above the charge point of the bottom fraction fed; and separating a purified acetone from the high molecular weight impurities and removing the purified acetone as a top fraction by distillation in the second column, wherein the second rectification column is operated at atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Sabic Innovative Plastics IP B.V.
    Inventors: Mark Erik Nelson, Andrey Yurievich Sokolov, Ilya Yurievich Krupenko, Valery Yurievich Aristovich
  • Patent number: 8709238
    Abstract: Crude tall oil is subjected to a distillation process that substantially removes impurities. The process produces a combined pitch and a distillate of free fatty acids and rosin acids from two vacuum columns. The distillate stream is amenable to further downstream hydroprocessing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: John A. Petri
  • Patent number: 8574406
    Abstract: A fermentation liquid feed including water and a product alcohol and optionally CO2 is at least partially vaporized such that a vapor stream is produced. The vapor stream is contacted with an absorption liquid under suitable conditions wherein an amount of the product alcohol is absorbed. The portion of the vapor stream that is absorbed can include an amount of each of the water, the product alcohol and optionally the CO2. The temperature at the onset of the absorption of the vapor stream into the absorption liquid can be greater than the temperature at the onset of condensation of the vapor stream in the absence of the absorption liquid. The product alcohol can be separated from the absorption liquid whereby the absorption liquid is regenerated. The absorption liquid can include a water soluble organic molecule such as an amine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
    Inventors: Michael Charles Grady, William D. Parten, Robert W. Sylvester, Joseph J. Zaher
  • Patent number: 8551296
    Abstract: Ultra high purity hexachlorodisilane is prepared from hexachlorodisilane-containing mixtures from numerous sources by distillation wherein water is present at less than 10 ppbw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Knies, Karin Boegershausen, Hans Eiblmeier
  • Patent number: 8530679
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for handling ?9-THC, which comprises preparing a solution of ?9-THC in a solvent which exists as a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The invention also provides solutions of ?9-THC in the solvent and solid preparations of ?9-THC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Resolution Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Parveen Bhatarah, Alan Kenneth Greenwood, Derek McHattie, Jerome Thomas Garfield Carr-Brion
  • Patent number: 8518219
    Abstract: Organic waste disposal technologies are disclosed herein. A multistage processing of sewage sludge into synthetic fuel and chemical products is carried out by means of a direct thermo-chemical liquefaction process. The process enables the minimization of coke formation by utilizing steam stripping in the processing of sewage sludge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Metal Tech Ltd.
    Inventors: Yefim Plopski, Alexander Rogov
  • Publication number: 20130118893
    Abstract: Provided herein are compounds of the formula: in which n is an integer equal to or greater than 1; R2 is selected from hydrogen and optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; and R1, R3, and R4, independently for each occurrence, are selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched, wherein compositions comprising the compounds are characterized by particular combinations of values for estolide number, kinematic viscosity, and pour point. Also provided are compositions containing the compounds and methods of making both the compounds and compositions thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventor: Jakob BREDSGUARD
  • Patent number: 8317982
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process and apparatus for utilization of waste heat of flue gas liberated from different heat sources to provide high quality water from sea/brackish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Inventor: Subrahmanyam Kumar
  • Publication number: 20120202066
    Abstract: Disclosed are improved processes for preparing prasugrel compound of formula-(1), its intermediates and pharmaceutically acceptable salts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Inventors: Manne Satyanarayana Reddy, Srinivasan Thirumalai Rajan, Sajja Eswaraiah, Karamala Rama Subba Reddy, Bairy Kondal Reddy, Ghojala Venkat Reddy
  • Patent number: 8192589
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the purification of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C., which further has approximately 275 g carboxylate ions/l or less, preferably 250 g carboxylate ions/l or less, and preferably less than 1% by weight ionic impurities, calculated on the basis of the total solution. In particular, the invention relates to a method and a device for the continuous purification and concentration, on an industrial scale, of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C. According to the method, this solution is subjected to two or more distillation steps, the first distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 150° C. and a pressure of from 50 to 250 mbar, and the second distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 200° C. and a pressure of from 0.01 to 50 mbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Purac Biochem B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Martinus Winkelaar, Jan Van Breugel, Margarita Camprubi Vilá, José Maria Vidal Lancis
  • Patent number: 8163138
    Abstract: A method for processing effluent from a chloromethylation of a vinyl aromatic polymer wherein the effluent includes catalyst and volatile organics, and wherein the method includes the steps of: 1) deactivating at least a portion of the catalyst; 2) distilling the effluent; 3) adding caustic to the effluent; and 4) distilling the effluent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: William I. Harris, Bruce S. Holden, Doreen C. Keptner, David C. McDonald
  • Patent number: 7976818
    Abstract: A method for continuously recovering titanium tetrachloride TiCl4 from a waste liquid comprising TiCl4 and by-products, wherein said waste liquid is subjected, as a flowing liquid film, to an evaporation step for a residence time of less than 15 minutes at a temperature higher than 90° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Basell Poliolefine Italia s.r.l.
    Inventors: Paolo Vincenzi, Rosa Spoto, Matteo Badalocchi
  • Patent number: 7846304
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for purifying 2-chloro-5-chloromethyl-1,3-thiazole represented by the formula (I): characterized in that a crude 2-chloro-5-chloromethyl-1,3-thiazole represented by the formula (I) is treated with a lower alcohol before the distillation, and then is distilled. The present purification process is a new one for purifying 2-chloro-5-chloromethyl-1,3-thiazole, suitable for industrial practice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshikazu Oga, Toru Kofukuda
  • Patent number: 7670464
    Abstract: Process for distillatively separating a mixture containing a vinyl ether of the general formula (I) R1—O—CH?CH2??(I) and alcohol of the general formula (II) R2—OH??(II) in which R1 and R2 are each independently a saturated or unsaturated, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic radical having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and in which the alcohol (II) has a boiling point which is at least 1° C. higher, measured at or extrapolated to 0.1 MPa abs, than the vinyl ether (I), by a) passing the mixture into a first distillation column and withdrawing, as a top product, an azeotrope containing vinyl ether (I) and alcohol (II) and, as a bottom product, a stream enriched with the alcohol (II); b) passing the azeotrope containing vinyl ether (I) and alcohol (II) from the first distillation column into a second distillation column which is operated at a pressure which is from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Katrin Klass, Heike Becker, Regina Vogelsang, Alexander Hauk, Markus Siegert, Jochem Henkelmann
  • Patent number: 7666282
    Abstract: The invention is a process for the purification of ethanol. In one embodiment the process includes boiling a degassed beer feed (106) in a pre-boiler (110) to provide a vapor by-pass fraction (112) that by-passes the conventional beer column and is fed into the rectifier column (124). The process allows free capacity in the rectifier column of new or established plants to be filled by ethanol-water vapor and/or condensate streams that do not originate from the beer column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Robert G. Sylvester, Stephen Thomas Breske, David A. Culver, Bruce M. Vrana
  • Patent number: 7592468
    Abstract: ?9 THC acid is obtained from plant material and extracted into an aqueous solvent under conditions of pH control. The acid is converted to a salt and the salt extracted into a polar solvent, yielding acid of high purity. The ?9 THC acid is then converted to ?9 THC which is further purified and combined with a carrier for pharmaceutical use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Resolution Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Neil J Goodwin, Nicolas J. Archer, Christopher Murray, Alan K. Greenwood, Derek Mchattie
  • Patent number: 7572353
    Abstract: A process arrangement for distilling fuel grade ethanol include a distillation portion which distills beer to produce thin stillage and hot ethanol vapor. In an evaporation portion, a set of first effect evaporators which are heated either by plant steam or hot ethanol vapor, concentrate thin stillage into mid stillage while producing first effect steam. The first effect steam from the first effect evaporators provides heat to a set of second effect evaporators which concentrate the mid stillage into a syrup for further drying. The second effect evaporators produce second effect steam which is used to heat the distillation portion of the process arrangement. The multiple evaporators of the first and second effects of the evaporation portion can be selectively taken off-line for maintenance while the evaporation portion and the remainder of the process arrangement continue to operate at full capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: ICM, Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis Lee Vander Griend
  • Patent number: 7497931
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for recovering 3-aminomethyl-3,5,5-trim-ethylcyclohexylamine (isophoronediamine, IPDA) having a fractionally distilled cis/trans isomer ratio of at least 73/27. The process includes the following steps: a) providing IPDA in a cis/trans isomer ratio of <73/27; b) feeding IPDA into the middle region of a distillation column having internals and distilling the IPDA in this distillation column at a temperature of from 5 to 300.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Frank Funke, Thomas Hill, Jobst Rüdiger Von Watzdorf, Wolfgang Mattmann, Wolfgang Harder, Erhard Henkes, Gerd Littmann, Manfred Julius
  • Patent number: 7473338
    Abstract: A distillation apparatus for subjecting a crude readily polymerizable compound to distillation under vacuum conditions to purify it, the distillation apparatus having a distillation column and a vacuum generator and an exhaust gas conduit of the vacuum generator connected to a connecting conduit therebetween through a pressure control valve. A method provides purifying of a readily polymerizable compound by subjecting a crude readily polymerizable compound to distillation under vacuum conditions to purify it, the method including using a distillation apparatus having a distillation column and a vacuum generator and an exhaust gas conduit of the vacuum generator connected to a connecting conduit therebetween through a pressure control valve and controlling the action of the pressure control valve based on a pressure of the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Shuhei Yada, Yasushi Ogawa, Yoshiro Suzuki, Kenji Takasaki, Kiyoshi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7449088
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a new process for obtaining fatty acids with improved color, odor and heat stability which is characterized in that: (a) in a first step the crude acids are fed to a rectification (“precut”) column in order to remove low boiling by-products being present in the starting material as a top fraction, and (b) in a second step the bottom fraction of the precut column is fed to a sidestream column in order to obtain the pure fatty acids as the side fraction, to remove low boiling by-products which have been formed in the course of the first distillation as a top fraction and to remove high boiling by-products, either being present from the starting material or formed during the first distillation, with the residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Cognis Oleochemicals GmbH
    Inventors: Nataly Lausberg, Horst Josten, Georg Fieg, Thomas Kapala, Ralf Christoph, Andreas Suessenbach, Andreas Heidbreder, Ingomar Mrozek, Albrecht Schwerin
  • Patent number: 7052582
    Abstract: A wave powered evaporation desalination system for removing fresh water from salt water by extraction of water vapor from a negative pressure container using wave motion for power. The wave powered evaporation desalination system includes a first vessel that accepts salt water. The salt water is forced from the first vessel through a atomizing spray nozzle into the top of a negative pressure second vessel. The negative pressure second vessel includes a number of trays that fill up with salt water films. Two pumps are attached to the top of the second vessel. One pump draws brine from the bottom of the second vessel for dispersion outside the system. The other pump draws off the water vapor from the second vessel into a hose and back to normal atmospheric pressure. The two pumps are powered by a float hinged to the second vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Inventor: Yousry E. Madkour
  • Patent number: 7005544
    Abstract: A method for effectively preventing polymerization of acrylic acid during an azeotropic dehydration distillation in an acrylic acid manufacturing process and thus enabling stable operation of the azeotropic dehydration column over an extended period of time. The acrylic acid is separated in an azeotropic dehydration column from an acrylic acid aqueous solution fed therein, and the method includes withdrawing from the bottom of the azeotropie dehydration column a bottom effluent containing 50% or more of glyoxal (including the hydrates thereof) contained in the acrylic acid aqueous solution fed into the azeotropic dehydration column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuo Ohkouchi, Tomohiro Nakae, Kazuhiko Sakamoto
  • Patent number: 6982026
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the recovery of at least one of an organic acid or an organic acid amide, such as a heat stable lactic acid or lactamide, from a feed stream which contains the organic acid and/or organic acid amide. The feed stream is mixed with at least one azeotroping agent. The azeotroping agent is a hydrocarbon capable of forming at least one heteroazeotrope with the organic acid or the organic acid amide in the feed stream. The mixture of the feed stream and the azeotroping agent is heated to produce a vapor stream. The heteroazeotrope is a component of that vapor stream. The vapor stream can be heated further to separate components or it can be condensed into a liquid stream. The liquid stream is capable of being separated into a first phase and a second phase. The first phase contains the highest concentration of the organic acid and/or the organic acid amide and the azeotroping agent is part of the second phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Charles Milner Cockrem, Istvan Kovacs
  • Patent number: 6946055
    Abstract: An organic solvent is separated from a waste stream containing supercritical CO2, an organic solvent and etchant contaminants. The process includes separating the supercritical CO2 by subjecting the waste stream to elevated temperature and/or reduced pressure to thereby obtain a first composition containing the supercritical CO2 and a second composition containing the organic solvent and being substantially free of the supercritical CO2; and then removing non-volatile etching contaminants from the second stream search as by at least one of the following: evaporation; distillation; filtration; centrifugation; and settling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Anilkumar C. Bhatt, Jerome J. Wagner
  • Patent number: 6905576
    Abstract: This invention relates to a continuous process for the preparation of silane by catalytic disproportionation of trichlorosilane in a reactive/distillative reaction zone having a catalyst bed of catalytically active solid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: SolarWorld AG
    Inventors: Hans-Dieter Block, Hans-Joachim Leimkühler, Dirk Müller, Johannes-Peter Schäfer, Georg Ronge
  • Patent number: 6821382
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for cleaning condensate, produced during the production of cellulose pulp, including evaporation of spent liquor, utilizing a cleaning plant having several condensers, coupled in series. Process steam from the last evaporation stage and unclean condensate are introduced into a combined stripper/condenser, the process steam and the condensate being brought to flow in opposite directions so that direct heat exchange occurs, resulting in volatile compounds of the condensate being separated and taken up by the steam with simultaneous indirect cooling, resulting in condensation of the main part of the process steam, and the remaining process steam gradually flowing further on, the process steam being successively cooled first resulting in water and turpentine being condensed and collected and subsequently methanol being condensed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Papsea AB
    Inventor: Allan Lundgren
  • Patent number: 6821394
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process of extracting haw pits by dry distillation and the device used therein. The process includes the following steps: removing the impurities of haw pits and drying them; immersing haw pits in water and then dripping and charging the dried pit into the furnace for dry distillation; gradually raising the temperature and dry distilling the haw pits at two temperature ranges of 105-195° C. and 305-380° C. respectively and collecting the distillate; mixing together the distillate, allowing them to separate into layers by specific gravity difference and separating out the final brownish red transparent liquor by siphon. The method of the present invention can provide high yield of extraction and the present device is simple in structure. Further, the present invention is easy to be employed on the industrial scale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Inventor: Yi Shi
  • Publication number: 20040182690
    Abstract: A method for recovering hexamethylene diamine (HMD) from a mixture comprising HMD, 6-aminocapronitrile (ACN) tetrahydroazepine (THA), and ADN comprising:
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventor: John J. Ostermaier
  • Patent number: 6793777
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for separating and purifying an aqueous mixture that mainly consists of acetic acid, formic acid and high-boiling substances by extraction with a solvent in a cyclic process. The inventive method is characterized in that the flow of raffinate is fed to a solvent stripping column (11) with the major part of the water in order to remove the water from the cycle. The flow of extract is fed to a solvent recovery distillation column (8). In a first step, a mixture (A) that consists of water and solvent, is separated by overhead distillation. A mixture (B) that consists of acetic acid, formic acid and high-boiling substances is separated via a sump. Once the formic acid is removed in a column (29), mixture (B) is separated in an acetic acid distillation column to give pure acetic acid and high-boiling substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Consortium für Elektrochemische Industrie GmbH
    Inventors: Christoph Rüdinger, Harald Herbert Voit, Michael Hallmann, Mehmet Günaltay, Barbara Reil, Hans-Jürgen Eberle
  • Patent number: 6780288
    Abstract: Process for the manufacture of a concentrated solution, like a concentrated aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution, by distillation and evaporation of a dilute solution, in which the distillation and the evaporation are carried out in two distinct pieces of equipment which are easy to dismantle and to transport. Aqueous hydrogen peroxide solutions having a concentration of at least 90% are obtainable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Stephen Bloomfield, Graham E. Williams
  • Publication number: 20040000470
    Abstract: A method to purify N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) from an aqueous solution containing acetic acid as a contaminant. Two fractional distillation columns are arranged in a series. The solution containing the contaminant is provided to the first column with a temperature profile to result in acetic acid partitioning into the overhead water. The material remaining in the bottom portion of the first column is recycled to the first column and also provided into a second column, whereby DMAc free of acetic acid contamination is recovered, and remaining DMAc and acetic acid are returned to the first column for further separation. The method uses standard fractional distillation procedures and equipment, thus eliminating the need for more complex extractions and/or chromatographic separations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2002
    Publication date: January 1, 2004
    Applicant: MALLINCKRODT INC.
    Inventor: Michael J. Gentilcore
  • Patent number: 6635150
    Abstract: A method for distilling a fluid which is useful, for instance, in eliminating salt from brackish and/or sea water includes percolating films on plates with multiple effects having several evaporating zones and condensation zones. The evaporation zones (EVAP) and the condensation zones (COND) are vertically arranged. The liquid to be distilled emerges in the top part of the evaporation zone (EVAP). The vapors produced in the evaporation zone (EVAP) are horizontally transferred into the condensation zone (COND) through a communicating connection. The condensed liquid percolates vertically along the walls of the condensation zone and is evacuated from the lower part of the condensation zone. A distilling plant is also provided for implementing the distilling method, and includes plural cascades made up of elementary cells alternatingly assembled in thermal series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Centre International de l'Eau de Nancy - Nancie
    Inventors: Pierre Le Goff, Jean-Marie Hornut, Viviane Renaudin
  • Publication number: 20030183501
    Abstract: A distillation apparatus includes a column body; a partition for dividing the interior of the column body; a first distillation section composed of an enriching section and an exhaust section; a second distillation section composed of an enriching section formed above an upper end of the first distillation section, and an exhaust section located adjacent to the enriching section of the first distillation section; a third distillation section composed of an enriching section located adjacent to the exhaust section of the first distillation section, and an exhaust section formed below a lower end of the first distillation section; a condenser; a negative pressure generation system for generating a negative pressure to thereby withdraw vent gas; a gas cooler for cooling the vent gas; a first discharge system disposed at the side of the column body and adapted to discharge liquid rich in a medium-boiling-point component formed from a high-melting-point material; and a second discharge system disposed at the botto
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2003
    Publication date: October 2, 2003
    Applicant: SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Katsunori Tamura, Yoichi Harada
  • Publication number: 20030178295
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of citalopram of formula (I) 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2003
    Publication date: September 25, 2003
    Applicant: H. LUNDBECK A/S
    Inventors: Andrea Castellin, Giulio Volpe, Federico Sbrogio
  • Publication number: 20030159914
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process of extracting haw pits by dry distillation and the device used therein. The process includes the following steps: removing the impurities of haw pits and drying them; immersing haw pits in water and then dripping and charging the dried pit into the furnace for dry distillation; gradually raising the temperature and dry distilling the haw pits at two temperature ranges of 105-195° C. and 305-380° C. respectively and collecting the distillate; mixing together the distillate, allowing them to separate into layers by specific gravity difference and separating out the final brownish red transparent liquor by siphon. The method of the present invention can provide high yield of extraction and the present device is simple in structure. Further, the present invention is easy to be employed on the industrial scale.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2003
    Publication date: August 28, 2003
    Inventor: Yi Shi
  • Patent number: 6605191
    Abstract: A process for the work up of a reaction mixture obtained from the preparation of diaryl carbonate by direct carbonylation of aromatic hydroxy compounds is disclosed. The process entails obtaining a reaction mixture that contains diaryl carbonate, aromatic hydroxy compound, water, base and quaternary salt, separating the mixture in a distillation apparatus having only one theoretical separation stage into a liquid phase and a gas phase and recycling the liquid phase without further work up to the reaction step of the direct carbonylation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Carsten Hesse, Ursula Jansen, Johann Rechner, Claus-Peter Reisinger, Rob Eek, Kaspar Hallenberger, Martin Friedrich
  • Publication number: 20030146080
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of propylene oxide in the presence of methanol, in which propylene oxide is separated from a mixture comprising propylene oxide and methanol, and the resultant mixture comprising methanol is worked up, which comprises separating methanol from a mixture comprising methanol and methyl formate during the work-up.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 2, 2003
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventors: Joaquim Henrique Teles, Alwin Rehfinger, Peter Bassler, Anne Wenzel, Norbert Rieber, Peter Rudolf
  • Publication number: 20030133864
    Abstract: The invention disclosed herein generally relates to a system and a method for supplying a carbon dioxide fluid feed to a plurality of applications. The method of the invention comprises the steps of directing a fluid feed, that includes a carbon dioxide component, from a carbon dioxide purifying means to a plurality of applications including at least two distinct applications, whereby contaminants are combined with the fluid at said applications, thereby forming an effluent that includes at least a portion of the carbon dioxide component and at least a portion of said contaminants; directing said effluent from at least one of the applications to said carbon dioxide purifying means; and purifying the carbon dioxide of the effluent at the carbon dioxide purifying means, thereby producing the carbon dioxide component of the fluid feed. The system of the invention is an apparatus for conducting the method of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2002
    Publication date: July 17, 2003
    Applicant: Praxair Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: John Fredric Billingham, Henry Edward Howard, Kimberly Hershey
  • Publication number: 20030047438
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to reduce the number of instruments used in a distillation apparatus to thereby simplify control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2002
    Publication date: March 13, 2003
    Applicant: SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Katsunori Tamura, Ken Nishiyama, Taizo Inoue, Keiji Yoshimoto, Noboru Okamoto, Minoru Nagashima
  • Patent number: 6514388
    Abstract: A process for the distillative recovery of high purity monoethylene glycol from the hydrolysis product of ethylene oxide by pressure dewatering, vacuum dewatering and subsequent purifying distillation, which includes the pressure dewatering columns or at least the first pressure dewatering column of the battery (2, 3, 4) having a stripping section with at least one separating stage, preferably with from 2 to 10 separating stages, particularly preferably with from 3 to 6 stages, and a portion of the overhead stream of the pressure dewatering column(s) (2, 3, 4) having a stripping section being removed from the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Till Adrian, Bernd Bessling, Hans Hasse, Frans Vansant, Gerhard Theis
  • Publication number: 20020175066
    Abstract: The invention relates to a circulation evaporator for separating mixtures consisting of more volatile and less volatile components, which comprises a discharge container that consists of at least a chamber for the feed and of a chamber for the outflow. The invention further relates to a process for the separation by distillation of a mixture consisting of more volatile and less volatile components by employing the circulation evaporator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2002
    Publication date: November 28, 2002
    Inventors: Kurt-Manfred Kupper, Andre Fellholter
  • Patent number: 6464839
    Abstract: This invention provides an anti-cancer composition of high purity beta-elemene extracted from plant sources. This invention also provides for the use of the composition as well as a low cost method to prepare it by multiple passes through the precision distillation tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: Yuan da International Group Limited
    Inventors: Yuren Chen, Xiu Ying Wu
  • Patent number: 6391162
    Abstract: A desalination apparatus and method utilizing solar energy provided with a solar heat collector for heating a heating medium with solar energy, a heat exchanger cooperating with an evaporation can so as to subject the heating medium and raw water in the evaporation can to heat exchange and generate water vapor therein, a condenser cooperating with a raw water tank so as to receive the vapor from the evaporation can, cool the vapor by subjecting the vapor and raw water in the raw water tank to heat exchange and obtain distilled water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignees: Ebara Corporation, Haruki Sato
    Inventors: Ichiro Kamiya, Yuzo Narasaki, Hidemitsu Otsuka, Manabu Morishita, Haruki Sato